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1.
Genet Mol Res ; 9(1): 188-207, 2010 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20198575

RESUMO

Macro- and microarrays are well-established technologies to determine gene functions through repeated measurements of transcript abundance. We constructed a chicken skeletal muscle-associated array based on a muscle-specific EST database, which was used to generate a tissue expression dataset of ~4500 chicken genes across 5 adult tissues (skeletal muscle, heart, liver, brain, and skin). Only a small number of ESTs were sufficiently well characterized by BLAST searches to determine their probable cellular functions. Evidence of a particular tissue-characteristic expression can be considered an indication that the transcript is likely to be functionally significant. The skeletal muscle macroarray platform was first used to search for evidence of tissue-specific expression, focusing on the biological function of genes/transcripts, since gene expression profiles generated across tissues were found to be reliable and consistent. Hierarchical clustering analysis revealed consistent clustering among genes assigned to 'developmental growth', such as the ontology genes and germ layers. Accuracy of the expression data was supported by comparing information from known transcripts and tissue from which the transcript was derived with macroarray data. Hybridization assays resulted in consistent tissue expression profile, which will be useful to dissect tissue-regulatory networks and to predict functions of novel genes identified after extensive sequencing of the genomes of model organisms. Screening our skeletal-muscle platform using 5 chicken adult tissues allowed us identifying 43 'tissue-specific' transcripts, and 112 co-expressed uncharacterized transcripts with 62 putative motifs. This platform also represents an important tool for functional investigation of novel genes; to determine expression pattern according to developmental stages; to evaluate differences in muscular growth potential between chicken lines, and to identify tissue-specific genes.


Assuntos
Galinhas/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos/métodos , Animais , Análise por Conglomerados , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Especificidade de Órgãos/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
2.
Anim. Reprod. ; 7(3): 205-205, July/September 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-5918

RESUMO

Our laboratory is interested in post-translational modifications of histone proteins, with studies ranging from identification of novel modifications to functional characterization of these marks. Ultimately, we seek to provide a greater understanding of how histone modifications work together to form a ‘histone code. This code is thought to regulate the recruitment of effector proteins that regulate the diverse functions associated with DNA, including gene transcription and DNA repair. Our recent studies show that RNA polymerase II recruits a variety of chromatinmodifying enzymes that contribute to the disruption, reassembly and maintenance of chromatin structure during the transcription elongation process. One enzyme we have focused on is Set2, which associates with the transcribing polymerase and methylates nucleosomal H3 on lysine 36. H3K36 methylation results in the recruitment of a histone deacetylase complex which functions to prevent inappropriate transcription initiation from occurring within the transcribed regions of genes. I will discuss our recent progress toward understanding how Set2 contributes to the organization and function of chromatin. In addition, I will highlight our progress on a proteomics project that is providing new insights into how “readers” of the histone code bind their cognate modifications using high-density histone peptide arrays.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , RNA Nuclear Pequeno/análise , Expressão Gênica/genética
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