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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246651, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285627

RESUMO

Abstract The medicinal attributes of honey appears to overshadow its importance as a functional food. Consequently, several literatures are rife with ancient uses of honey as complementary and alternative medicine, with relevance to modern day health care, supported by evidence-based clinical data, with little attention given to honey's nutritional functions. The moisture contents of honey extracted from University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore honey bee farm was 12.19% while that of natural source was 9.03 ± 1.63%. Similarly, ash and protein contents of farmed honey recorded were 0.37% and 5.22%, respectively. Whereas ash and protein contents of natural honey were 1.70 ± 1.98% and 6.10 ± 0.79%. Likewise fat, dietary fiber and carbohydrates contents of farmed source documented were 0.14%, 1.99% and 62.26% respectively. Although fat, dietary fiber and carbohydrates contents of honey taken from natural resource were 0.54 ± 0.28%, 2.76 ± 1.07% and 55.32 ± 2.91% respectively. Glucose and fructose contents of honey taken out from honeybee farm were 27% and 34% but natural source were 22.50 ± 2.12% and 28.50 ± 3.54%. Glucose and fructose contents of honey taken out from honeybee farm were 27% and 34% but natural source were 22.50 ± 2.12% and 28.50 ± 3.54%. Similarly, sucrose and maltose contents of farmed honey were 2.5% and 12% while in natural honey were 1.35 ± 0.49% and 8.00 ± 1.41% respectively. The present study indicates that such as moisture, carbohydrates, sucrose and maltose contents were higher farmed honey as compared to the natural honey. In our recommendation natural honey is better than farmed honey.


Resumo Os atributos medicinais do mel parecem ofuscar sua importância como alimento funcional. Consequentemente, várias literaturas estão repletas de usos antigos do mel como medicina complementar e alternativa, com relevância para os cuidados de saúde modernos, apoiados por dados clínicos baseados em evidências, com pouca atenção dada às funções nutricionais do mel. O teor de umidade do mel extraído da Universidade de Veterinária e Ciências Animais, fazenda de abelhas de Lahore, foi de 12,19%, enquanto o de fonte natural foi de 9,03 ± 1,63%. Da mesma forma, os teores de cinzas e proteínas do mel cultivado foram de 0,37% e 5,22%, respectivamente. Já os teores de cinzas e proteínas do mel natural foram de 1,70 ± 1,98% e 6,10 ± 0,79%. Da mesma forma, os teores de gordura, fibra dietética e carboidratos de origem cultivada documentados foram de 0,14%, 1,99% e 62,26%, respectivamente. Embora os teores de gordura, fibra alimentar e carboidratos do mel retirado dos recursos naturais fossem de 0,54 ± 0,28%, 2,76 ± 1,07% e 55,32 ± 2,91%, respectivamente. Os conteúdos de glicose e frutose do mel retirado da fazenda de abelhas foram de 27% e 34%, mas a fonte natural foi de 22,50 ± 2,12% e 28,50 ± 3,54%. Os conteúdos de glicose e frutose do mel retirado da fazenda de abelhas foram de 27% e 34%, mas a fonte natural foi de 22,50 ± 2,12% e 28,50 ± 3,54%. Da mesma forma, os teores de sacarose e maltose no mel cultivado foram de 2,5% e 12%, enquanto no mel natural foram de 1,35 ± 0,49% e 8,00 ± 1,41%, respectivamente. O presente estudo indica que os teores de umidade, carboidratos, sacarose e maltose foram maiores no mel cultivado em comparação ao mel natural. Em nossa recomendação, o mel natural é melhor que o mel de cultivo.

2.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e246651, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378683

RESUMO

The medicinal attributes of honey appears to overshadow its importance as a functional food. Consequently, several literatures are rife with ancient uses of honey as complementary and alternative medicine, with relevance to modern day health care, supported by evidence-based clinical data, with little attention given to honey's nutritional functions. The moisture contents of honey extracted from University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore honey bee farm was 12.19% while that of natural source was 9.03 ± 1.63%. Similarly, ash and protein contents of farmed honey recorded were 0.37% and 5.22%, respectively. Whereas ash and protein contents of natural honey were 1.70 ± 1.98% and 6.10 ± 0.79%. Likewise fat, dietary fiber and carbohydrates contents of farmed source documented were 0.14%, 1.99% and 62.26% respectively. Although fat, dietary fiber and carbohydrates contents of honey taken from natural resource were 0.54 ± 0.28%, 2.76 ± 1.07% and 55.32 ± 2.91% respectively. Glucose and fructose contents of honey taken out from honeybee farm were 27% and 34% but natural source were 22.50 ± 2.12% and 28.50 ± 3.54%. Glucose and fructose contents of honey taken out from honeybee farm were 27% and 34% but natural source were 22.50 ± 2.12% and 28.50 ± 3.54%. Similarly, sucrose and maltose contents of farmed honey were 2.5% and 12% while in natural honey were 1.35 ± 0.49% and 8.00 ± 1.41% respectively. The present study indicates that such as moisture, carbohydrates, sucrose and maltose contents were higher farmed honey as compared to the natural honey. In our recommendation natural honey is better than farmed honey.


Assuntos
Mel , Animais , Abelhas , Carboidratos
3.
Public Health ; 170: 140-145, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31051314

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to assess the interest of Pakistani parliamentarians in health issues, including the comparison of interest by gender, to determine the relation of health issues raised in the parliament with national health priorities set by Pakistan's Health Ministry and to assess the nature of health questions. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: We assessed the Pakistani parliamentarians' interest and importance given to the country's health problems by retrospectively counting parliamentary health-related questions raised on the floor of the house from 2012 to 2016. Categorical variables and themes were created and identified respectively based on questions' contents and analyzed in SAS v9.4. RESULTS: A total of 25,496 questions were asked in the parliament, out of which 408 (1.60%) were related to health issues seeking basic information and policies. An even smaller proportion (1.31%) of the questions were related to national health priorities. Despite a low ratio of female to male members (1:4), females asked five times more questions about health than their male counterparts. CONCLUSIONS: The members of parliament asked a low percentage of questions about health compared to other affairs in the country. It could, therefore, be assumed that they have low interest in health issues of the country, and this might be one of the reasons for the challenging state of health in the country. However, female members asked the majority of questions about health issues and could, therefore, play a vital role in improving the dismal state of the country's health.


Assuntos
Pessoal Administrativo/psicologia , Prioridades em Saúde , Política , Pessoal Administrativo/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Paquistão , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Arch Pediatr ; 15(8): 1308-11, 2008 Aug.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18524551

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Oesophageal duplication is a rare form of digestive duplication. This congenital malformation can be asymptomatic or manifest itself through respiratory signs due to airway compression. We report 2 cases of oesophageal duplication discovered in the neonatal period. CASE REPORT: In both cases, symptoms were dominated by respiratory distress and vomiting. Diagnosis was confirmed by oesophageal contrast X-rays, which revealed a total tubular form in the 1st case and a cystic form in the 2nd case. CONCLUSION: Oesophageal duplication is a rare abnormality of benign nature, which can be revealed in neonatal period by a noisy compression picture. Diagnosis of this anomaly should trigger a search for other digestive duplications, as well as associated malformations, in particular vertebral.


Assuntos
Esôfago/anormalidades , Esôfago/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Trânsito Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Radiografia Torácica , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Vômito/etiologia
5.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 83(3): 235-40, 2002 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12426091

RESUMO

African mistletoe (Tapinanthus dodoneifolius (DC) Danser) called 'Kauchi' in Hausa is a hemi-plant parasite used ethnomedicinally by the Hausa and the Fulani tribes of Northern Nigeria as a remedy for several human and animal ailments that include stomach ache, diarrhoea, dysentery, wound and cancer. Screening of the plant, obtained from 14 different hosts, revealed a wide spectrum of antimicrobial activities against certain multiple drug resistant bacterial and fungal isolates of farm animals. Interestingly, the inhibition of the growth of Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Bacillus sp., Escherichia coli, Salmonella sp., Proteus sp. and Pseudomonas sp., bacterial sp. known to be associated with either crown gall or gastrointestinal tract and wound infections, by extracts of T. dodoneifolius gives credence to the ethnomedicinal usage of the plant. Phytochemical screening showed the common occurrence of anthraquinones, saponins, and tannins, a rare presence of alkaloids and the absence of phlobatannins in the hemi-parasite. Moreover, the antimicrobial activity and the presence or distribution of phytochemical substances in T. dodoneifolius appeared to be partly dependent on the host plant species.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Erva-de-Passarinho/química , Preparações de Plantas/farmacologia , Proteínas de Plantas , Toxinas Biológicas/farmacologia , Antibacterianos , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Fungos/efeitos dos fármacos , Nigéria , Folhas de Planta/química , Proteínas Inativadoras de Ribossomos Tipo 2
6.
Int J Zoonoses ; 13(3): 210-4, 1986 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-3557833

RESUMO

A survey was carried out on the incidence of anaplasmosis in small ruminants at Bodija abattoir, Ibadan. 100 sheep and 200 goats were examined using and comparing two methods-the Giemsa stained blood smear and serodiagnosis by Latex Agglutination Technique. The sheep and goats examined were among those brought from various parts of northern states and some neighbouring countries like Chad, Benin, Niger and Burkina Faso. 27% of the sheep and 17.5% of goats were positive for Anaplasma bodies with blood smear method while 54% of sheep and 61% of goats were sero positive with latex agglutination test (LAT). There seems to be a high incidence of anaplasmosis among sheep and goats probably due to the abundance of its arthropod vectors. The serodiagnostic method showed a high degree of specificity and sensitivity and is useful in field diagnosis.


Assuntos
Anaplasmose/epidemiologia , Cabras/parasitologia , Ovinos/parasitologia , Anaplasma/isolamento & purificação , Anaplasmose/imunologia , Animais , Testes de Fixação do Látex , Nigéria , Doenças dos Ovinos/epidemiologia
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