Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 5 de 5
Filtrar
Mais filtros








Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246389, 2023. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285638

RESUMO

Abstract Poultry industry is expanding rapidly and producing million tons of feather waste annually. Massive production of keratinaceous byproducts in the form of industrial wastes throughout the world necessitates its justified utilization. Chemical treatment of keratin waste is proclaimed as an eco-destructive approach by various researchers since it generates secondary pollutants. Keratinase released by a variety of microbes (bacteria and fungi) can be used for the effective treatment of keratin waste. Microbial degradation of keratin waste is an emerging and eco-friendly approach and offers dual benefits, i.e., treatment of recalcitrant pollutant (keratin) and procurement of a commercially important enzyme (keratinase). This study involves the isolation, characterization, and potential utility of fungal species for the degradation of chicken-feather waste through submerged and solid-state fermentation. The isolated fungus was identified and characterized as Aspergillus (A.) flavus. In a trial of 30 days, it was appeared that 74 and 8% feather weight was reduced through sub-merged and solid-state fermentation, respectively by A. flavus. The pH of the growth media in submerged fermentation was changed from 4.8 to 8.35. The exploited application of keratinolytic microbes is, therefore, recommended for the treatment of keratinaceous wastes to achieve dual benefits of remediation.


Resumo A indústria avícola está se expandindo rapidamente e produzindo milhões de toneladas de resíduos de penas anualmente. A produção massiva de subprodutos queratinosos na forma de resíduos agrícolas e industriais em todo o mundo exige sua utilização justificada. O tratamento químico de resíduos de queratina é proclamado como uma abordagem ecodestrutiva por vários pesquisadores, uma vez que gera poluentes secundários. A queratinase liberada por uma variedade de micróbios (bactérias e fungos) pode ser usada para o tratamento eficaz de resíduos de queratina. A degradação microbiana de resíduos de queratina é uma abordagem emergente e ecológica e oferece benefícios duplos, ou seja, tratamento de poluente recalcitrante (queratina) e obtenção de uma enzima comercialmente importante (queratinase). Este estudo envolve o isolamento, caracterização e utilidade potencial de espécies de fungos para a degradação de resíduos de penas de frango por meio da fermentação submersa e em estado sólido. O fungo isolado foi identificado e caracterizado como Aspergillus (A.) flavus. Em um ensaio de 30 dias, constatou-se que 74% e 8% do peso das penas foram reduzidos por A. flavus, respectivamente, por meio da fermentação submersa e em estado sólido. O pH do meio de crescimento em fermentação submersa foi alterado de 4,8 para 8,35. A aplicação explorada de micróbios queratinolíticos é, portanto, recomendada para o tratamento de resíduos ceratinosos para obter benefícios duplos de remediação.

2.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e246389, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34320050

RESUMO

Poultry industry is expanding rapidly and producing million tons of feather waste annually. Massive production of keratinaceous byproducts in the form of industrial wastes throughout the world necessitates its justified utilization. Chemical treatment of keratin waste is proclaimed as an eco-destructive approach by various researchers since it generates secondary pollutants. Keratinase released by a variety of microbes (bacteria and fungi) can be used for the effective treatment of keratin waste. Microbial degradation of keratin waste is an emerging and eco-friendly approach and offers dual benefits, i.e., treatment of recalcitrant pollutant (keratin) and procurement of a commercially important enzyme (keratinase). This study involves the isolation, characterization, and potential utility of fungal species for the degradation of chicken-feather waste through submerged and solid-state fermentation. The isolated fungus was identified and characterized as Aspergillus (A.) flavus. In a trial of 30 days, it was appeared that 74 and 8% feather weight was reduced through sub-merged and solid-state fermentation, respectively by A. flavus. The pH of the growth media in submerged fermentation was changed from 4.8 to 8.35. The exploited application of keratinolytic microbes is, therefore, recommended for the treatment of keratinaceous wastes to achieve dual benefits of remediation.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Plumas , Animais , Fermentação , Fungos , Resíduos Industriais , Queratinas/metabolismo
3.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 42(4): 708-712, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent data suggest that intra-arterial thrombolytics may be a safe rescue therapy for patients with acute ischemic stroke after unsuccessful mechanical thrombectomy; however, safety and efficacy remain unclear. Here, we evaluate the use of intra-arterial rtPA as a rescue therapy in the Systematic Evaluation of Patients Treated with Neurothrombectomy Devices for Acute Ischemic Stroke (STRATIS) registry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: STRATIS was a prospective, multicenter, observational study of patients with acute ischemic stroke with large-vessel occlusions treated with the Solitaire stent retriever as the first-line therapy within 8 hours from symptom onset. Clinical and angiographic outcomes were compared in patients having rescue therapy treated with and without intra-arterial rtPA. Unsuccessful mechanical thrombectomy was defined as any use of rescue therapy. RESULTS: A total of 212/984 (21.5%) patients received rescue therapy, of which 83 (39.2%) and 129 (60.8%) were in the no intra-arterial rtPA and intra-arterial rtPA groups, respectively. Most occlusions were M1, with 43.4% in the no intra-arterial rtPA group and 55.0% in the intra-arterial rtPA group (P = .12). The median intra-arterial rtPA dose was 4 mg (interquartile range = 2-12 mg). A trend toward higher rates of substantial reperfusion (modified TICI ≥ 2b) (84.7% versus 73.0%, P = .08), good functional outcome (59.2% versus 46.6%, P = .10), and lower rates of mortality (13.3% versus 23.3%, P = .08) was seen in the intra-arterial rtPA cohort. Rates of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage did not differ (0% versus 1.6%, P = .54). CONCLUSIONS: Use of intra-arterial rtPA as a rescue therapy after unsuccessful mechanical thrombectomy was not associated with an increased risk of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage or mortality. Randomized clinical trials are needed to understand the safety and efficacy of intra-arterial thrombolysis as a rescue therapy after mechanical thrombectomy.


Assuntos
Trombólise Mecânica , Trombectomia , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Encefálica/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Terapia Trombolítica , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 63(9): 109-114, 2017 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28980930

RESUMO

High-throughput technologies, such as synthetic biology and genomics have paved new paths for discovery and utility of medicinally beneficial plants. Bioactive molecules isolated from different plants have significantly higher biological activities. The present study was done to analyze antibacterial potential of some medicinal plants against multi drug resistant (MDR) pathogens and anticancer effect against MCF-7 cell line. Methanolic and ethanolic extracts were tested for their antibacterial activity by disc diffusion method against six MDR bacterial strains and for cytotoxicity evaluation by MTT assay. Ethanolic extracts of the three tested plants exhibited growth inhibitory effect against Klebsiella pneumonia, Serratia marcescens and Methicillin-resistant S. aureus. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was more resistant to all extracts as its growth was least inhibited by the extracts of all tested plants. Ethanol extract of Foeniculum vulgare exhibited significant inhibition of cancer cells proliferation. Methanol extract of Justicia adhatoda also showed considerable inhibition of cancer cells. Future studies must converge on detailed investigation of modes of action of extracts of tested plants.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Foeniculum/química , Justicia, Planta/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Urtica dioica/química , Antibacterianos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Extratos Vegetais/química
5.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 62(5): 60-3, 2016 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27188871

RESUMO

Bioactive chemicals isolated from plants have attracted considerable attention over the years and overwhelmingly increasing laboratory findings are emphasizing on tumor suppressing properties of these natural agents in genetically and chemically induced animal carcinogenesis models. We studied in vitro anticancer activity of organic extracts of Cynodon dactylon and Oxalis corniculata on Hep2 cell line and it was compared with normal human corneal epithelial cells (HCEC) by using MTT assay. Real Time PCR was conducted for p53 and PTEN genes in treated cancer cell line. DNA fragmentation assay was also carried out to note DNA damaging effects of the extracts. The minimally effective concentration of ethanolic extract of Cynodon dactylon and methanolic extract of Oxalis corniculata that was nontoxic to HCEC but toxic to Hep2 was recorded (IC50) at a concentration of 0.042mg/ml (49.48 % cell death) and 0.048mg/ml (47.93% cell death) respectively, which was comparable to the positive control. Our results indicated dose dependent increase in cell death. P53 and PTEN did not show significant increase in treated cell line. Moreover, DNA damaging effects were also not detected in treated cancer cell line. Anticancer activity of these plants on the cancer cell line showed the presence of anticancer components which should be characterized to be used as anticancer therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cynodon/química , Oxalidaceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Caspases/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Dano ao DNA , Humanos , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/metabolismo , Fitoterapia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA