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1.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 83: 1-11, 2023. graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-765487

RESUMO

Dipteryx alata Vogel is a tree species widely found in Cerrado, settling preferentially in well drained soils. Studies related to ecophysiology of D. alata may contribute to the decision making about using seedlings of this species in projects aimed at the recovery of degraded areas where seasonal flooding happens. This study aimed to assess the effects of flooding on photosynthetic and antioxidant metabolism and quality of D. alata seedlings cultivated or not under flooding during four assessment periods (0, 20, 40, and 60 days), followed by 100 days after the end of each assessment period (0+100, 20+100, 40+100, and 60+100 days), allowing verifying the potential for post-flooding recovery. Flooded plants showed lower photosynthetic efficiency than non-flooded plants, regardless of the periods of exposure. However, this efficiency was recovered in the post-flooding, with values similar to that of the non-flooded seedlings. Moreover, the damage to FV/FM was evidenced by an increase in the period of exposure to flooding, but recovery was also observed at this stage of the photosynthetic metabolism. Seedling quality decreased under flooding, not varying between periods of exposure, but remained lower although the increase observed in the post-flooding period, with no recovery after flooding. The occurrence of hypertrophied lenticels associated with physiological changes and an efficient antioxidant enzyme system might have contributed to the survival and recovery of these seedlings. Thus, this species is sensitive to flooding stress but capable of adjusting and recovering metabolic characteristics at 100 days after the suspension of the water stress, but with no recovery in seedling quality. Thus, we suggested plasticity under the cultivation condition and determined that the time of 100 days is not enough for the complete resumption of growth.(AU)


Dipteryx alata Vogel é uma arbórea de ampla ocorrência no Cerrado, se estabelecendo preferencialmente em solos bem drenados. Estudos referentes à ecofisiologia de D. alata em podem contribuir para a tomada de decisão sobre o uso de mudas dessa espécie em programas de recuperação de áreas degradadas sujeitas a alagamento temporário. Objetivamos com essa pesquisa avaliar os efeitos do alagamento no metabolismo fotossintético e antioxidante, além da qualidade de mudas dessa espécie, cultivadas ou não sob alagamento durante quatro períodos de avaliação (0, 20, 40 e 60 dias) seguidos de 100 dias após o término de cada período (0+100, 20+100, 40+100, 60+100 dias), possibilitando verificar o potencial de recuperação pós-alagamento. Observamos que as plantas alagadas apresentaram menor eficiência fotossintética e danos em FV/FM entretanto houve recuperação dessas características no pós alagamento. A qualidade das mudas reduziu sob alagamento não variando entre os períodos de exposição e embora tenha aumentado no pós-alagamento manteve-se menor não se recuperando. A ocorrência de lenticelas hipertrofiadas associadas a alterações fisiológicas e um eficiente sistema enzimático antioxidante devem ter contribuído para a sobrevivência e recuperação metabólica dessas mudas. Diante disso, sugerimos que a espécie é sensível ao estresse por alagamento, mas capaz de se ajustar e recuperar as características metabólicas 100 dias após a suspensão deste estresse hídrico, no entanto a qualidade da mudas não apresentou recuperação, assim, sugerimos plasticidade diante da condição de cultivo e ressaltamos que o tempo de 100 dias não é suficiente para a completa retomada do crescimento.(AU)


Assuntos
Dipteryx/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Dipteryx/metabolismo , Dipteryx/fisiologia
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246451, 2023. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339402

RESUMO

Abstract Dipteryx alata Vogel is a tree species widely found in Cerrado, settling preferentially in well drained soils. Studies related to ecophysiology of D. alata may contribute to the decision making about using seedlings of this species in projects aimed at the recovery of degraded areas where seasonal flooding happens. This study aimed to assess the effects of flooding on photosynthetic and antioxidant metabolism and quality of D. alata seedlings cultivated or not under flooding during four assessment periods (0, 20, 40, and 60 days), followed by 100 days after the end of each assessment period (0+100, 20+100, 40+100, and 60+100 days), allowing verifying the potential for post-flooding recovery. Flooded plants showed lower photosynthetic efficiency than non-flooded plants, regardless of the periods of exposure. However, this efficiency was recovered in the post-flooding, with values similar to that of the non-flooded seedlings. Moreover, the damage to FV/FM was evidenced by an increase in the period of exposure to flooding, but recovery was also observed at this stage of the photosynthetic metabolism. Seedling quality decreased under flooding, not varying between periods of exposure, but remained lower although the increase observed in the post-flooding period, with no recovery after flooding. The occurrence of hypertrophied lenticels associated with physiological changes and an efficient antioxidant enzyme system might have contributed to the survival and recovery of these seedlings. Thus, this species is sensitive to flooding stress but capable of adjusting and recovering metabolic characteristics at 100 days after the suspension of the water stress, but with no recovery in seedling quality. Thus, we suggested plasticity under the cultivation condition and determined that the time of 100 days is not enough for the complete resumption of growth.


Resumo Dipteryx alata Vogel é uma arbórea de ampla ocorrência no Cerrado, se estabelecendo preferencialmente em solos bem drenados. Estudos referentes à ecofisiologia de D. alata em podem contribuir para a tomada de decisão sobre o uso de mudas dessa espécie em programas de recuperação de áreas degradadas sujeitas a alagamento temporário. Objetivamos com essa pesquisa avaliar os efeitos do alagamento no metabolismo fotossintético e antioxidante, além da qualidade de mudas dessa espécie, cultivadas ou não sob alagamento durante quatro períodos de avaliação (0, 20, 40 e 60 dias) seguidos de 100 dias após o término de cada período (0+100, 20+100, 40+100, 60+100 dias), possibilitando verificar o potencial de recuperação pós-alagamento. Observamos que as plantas alagadas apresentaram menor eficiência fotossintética e danos em FV/FM entretanto houve recuperação dessas características no pós alagamento. A qualidade das mudas reduziu sob alagamento não variando entre os períodos de exposição e embora tenha aumentado no pós-alagamento manteve-se menor não se recuperando. A ocorrência de lenticelas hipertrofiadas associadas a alterações fisiológicas e um eficiente sistema enzimático antioxidante devem ter contribuído para a sobrevivência e recuperação metabólica dessas mudas. Diante disso, sugerimos que a espécie é sensível ao estresse por alagamento, mas capaz de se ajustar e recuperar as características metabólicas 100 dias após a suspensão deste estresse hídrico, no entanto a qualidade da mudas não apresentou recuperação, assim, sugerimos plasticidade diante da condição de cultivo e ressaltamos que o tempo de 100 dias não é suficiente para a completa retomada do crescimento.


Assuntos
Plântula , Dipteryx , Fotossíntese , Inundações , Antioxidantes
3.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e260420, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36000691

RESUMO

Silicon (Si) is a beneficial element that can mitigate effects of water stress on photosynthetic metabolism and plant growth. Thus, the aimed was to evaluate the effect of Si in mitigating the stressful effect of water deficit and flooding in Eugenia myrcianthes Nied. seedlings. The seedlings received three silicon doses (0, 2, and 4 mmol) and were subjected to two water regimes (I - continuous irrigation and S - water fluctuation, characterized as water stress obtained by two cycles of water regimes: irrigation suspension and flooding). Each cycle was ended when the seedlings had a photosynthetic rate close to zero (P0) when the stressful irrigation condition was normalized until the photosynthetic rate reached the values of the control seedlings (REC). The evaluations were carried out in five periods: T0 - initial seedling condition; 1st and 2nd P0; and 1st and 2nd REC. The E. myrcianthes seedlings reached P0 at 22 and 50 days under water deficit and flooding, respectively. Water stress caused damage to photochemical activities in photosystem II. E. myrcianthes is a species sensitive to water stress, but capable of adjusting to water fluctuation, and the application of 2 mmol Si contributed to the regulation of gas exchange, photochemical yields, and growth of this species at the deficit and flooding phases. We emphasize that E. myrcianthes seedlings have potential for resilience due to physiological plasticity, regardless of the silicon application.


Assuntos
Eugenia , Plântula , Desidratação/metabolismo , Fotossíntese/fisiologia , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Plântula/fisiologia , Silício/metabolismo , Silício/farmacologia , Estresse Fisiológico
4.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e259016, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35946639

RESUMO

Water deficit to causes serious problems in the growth and development of plants, impairing their metabolism. Thus, it is necessary to use agents that can mitigate plant damage. This study assesses the potential of silicon to mitigate water deficit stress in Dipteryx alata Vogel seedlings and to help in their recovery after the resumption of irrigation. The study analyzed four water regimes: (I) Continuous irrigation; (II) Water deficit without Si; (III) Water deficit + 0.75 mL Si; and (IV) Water deficit + 1.50 mL Si. Seedlings were evaluated in four periods: (1) (T0 - time zero) at the beginning of the experiment, before irrigation suspension; (2) (P0) when the photosynthetic rates (A) of seedlings under irrigation suspension reached values close to zero, period in which irrigation was resumed; (3) (REC) when A reached values ​​close to those of seedlings under continuous irrigation, characterizing the recovery period; and (4) (END) 45 days after REC, when seedlings were kept under continuous irrigation, similar to the control. Application of 0.75 mL Si alleviates damage to the photosynthetic apparatus of D. alata seedlings that remain longer under water deficit, and contributes to faster physiological recovery after the resumption of irrigation. D. alata seedlings have recovery potential after the stress period, regardless of Si application.


Assuntos
Dipteryx , Plântula , Fotossíntese , Silício/metabolismo , Silício/farmacologia , Água/metabolismo
5.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 11260, 2022 07 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35789175

RESUMO

Muscle diseases share common pathological features suggesting common underlying mechanisms. We hypothesized there is a common set of genes dysregulated across muscle diseases compared to healthy muscle and that these genes correlate with severity of muscle disease. We performed meta-analysis of transcriptional profiles of muscle biopsies from human muscle diseases and healthy controls. Studies obtained from public microarray repositories fulfilling quality criteria were divided into six categories: (i) immobility, (ii) inflammatory myopathies, (iii) intensive care unit (ICU) acquired weakness (ICUAW), (iv) congenital muscle diseases, (v) chronic systemic diseases, (vi) motor neuron disease. Patient cohorts were separated in discovery and validation cohorts retaining roughly equal proportions of samples for the disease categories. To remove bias towards a specific muscle disease category we repeated the meta-analysis five times by removing data sets corresponding to one muscle disease class at a time in a "leave-one-disease-out" analysis. We used 636 muscle tissue samples from 30 independent cohorts to identify a 52 gene signature (36 up-regulated and 16 down-regulated genes). We validated the discriminatory power of this signature in 657 muscle biopsies from 12 additional patient cohorts encompassing five categories of muscle diseases with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.91, 83% sensitivity, and 85.3% specificity. The expression score of the gene signature inversely correlated with quadriceps muscle mass (r = -0.50, p-value = 0.011) in ICUAW and shoulder abduction strength (r = -0.77, p-value = 0.014) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The signature also positively correlated with histologic assessment of muscle atrophy in ALS (r = 0.88, p-value = 1.62 × 10-3) and fibrosis in muscular dystrophy (Jonckheere trend test p-value = 4.45 × 10-9). Our results identify a conserved transcriptional signature associated with clinical and histologic muscle disease severity. Several genes in this conserved signature have not been previously associated with muscle disease severity.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral , Doenças Musculares , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Doenças Musculares/genética , Músculo Quadríceps , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
6.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e260760, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35830014

RESUMO

There is little information regarding the genetic diversity of native species aimed at identifying the best viable progenies for in situ and ex situ conservation. Furthermore, there is a lack of future forest improvement programs. We aimed to know the genetic diversity of 64 Peltophorum dubium (Spreng.) Taub. (Fabaceae) progenies. We determined this species' dendrometric characteristics, and when using multivariate techniques and cluster analysis, we verified the differences between the progenies and groups with less heterogeneity. The progeny and provenance test was installed in Dourados (Mato Grosso do Sul - MS), with seeds collected in three MS regions (Vale do Ivinhema, Serra de Maracaju, and Serra da Bodoquena) and in the micro-region of Lavras (Minas Gerais - MG). The experiment was conducted in an alpha lattice 8 x 8 with four repetitions. We found genetic variability among and within P. dubium populations for all height, diameter, circumference at breast height, volume, and basal area characters. We suggest that P. dubium populations have high genetic variability, which indicates possible genetic improvement through best progeny selection. The UPGMA and Tocher methods grouped the progenies into three and nine groups, respectively, in which the most divergent individuals come from MG and the Bonito region in MS. Based on morphological characters, P. dubium progenies identified as 45, 47, 49, 50, 55, and 59 from MG are the most promising, while progenies 6 and 9 were the least promising.


Assuntos
Fabaceae , Brasil , Análise por Conglomerados , Variação Genética/genética , Humanos , Sementes
7.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 74(1): 117-125, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1374403

RESUMO

This study identified the risk factors associated with parasite infestation in tambaqui fingerlings Colossoma macropomum from São Francisco region SE/AL. The fingerlings fish farms were and characterized about water quality, handling, feeding management and sanitary aspects. Parasitological indexes (prevalence, mean intensity and abundance) were obtained from 380 fish and correlated to the aspects of fish farms as well as biotic and abiotic factors to determine the risk factors. The fish rearing in earthen ponds increased the parasite infestations in tambaqui fingerlings, and the mainly parasites founded were monogenean, Myxobolus sp., Ichthyophthirius multifiliis and digenean metacercaria. The main risk factors identified were associated to irregular water supply and consequently low water quality (total ammonia); lack of biometric procedure which promoted an inadequate feeding rate; and absence of disinfection of tools and ponds. Thus, improvements on these specific aspects in fish farms from São Francisco region must be carried out to avoid disease outbreaks, dissemination, mortalities and economic losses.


Este estudo identificou os fatores de risco associados à ocorrência de parasitas em alevinos de tambaqui Colossoma macropomum da região do baixo São Francisco, SE/AL. As pisciculturas foram caracterizadas segundo parâmetros de qualidade da água, manejo, alimentação e dos aspectos sanitários. Os índices parasitológicos (prevalência, intensidade média e abundância) foram obtidos mediante a análise de 380 peixes e correlacionados com as características das pisciculturas, bem como com os fatores bióticos e abióticos, a fim de determinar os fatores de risco. A fase de crescimento dos alevinos realizada em tanques de terra aumentou as infestações de parasitas, e os principais parasitas encontrados foram monogenéticos, Myxobolus sp., Ichthyophthirius multifiliis e metacercária de digenético. Os principais fatores de risco identificados foram: abastecimento irregular de água e consequente baixa qualidade da água (amônia total); falta de procedimento biométrico, que promoveu uma taxa de alimentação inadequada; e ausência de desinfecção dos tanques e das ferramentas. Pelo exposto, melhorias, especificamente nesses aspectos, nas pisciculturas de alevinos da região do São Francisco, devem ser realizadas para evitar surtos e disseminação de doenças, assim como mortalidades e perdas econômicas.


Assuntos
Animais , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/prevenção & controle , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/epidemiologia , Caraciformes/parasitologia , Infecções por Mesomycetozoea , Myxobolus , Metacercárias , Pesqueiros
8.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 271: 120883, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35042044

RESUMO

Tris(glycinato)chromium(III) monohydrate [Cr(C2H4NO2)3·H2O] crystals were grown through the slow solvent evaporation method. The crystals were studied by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy at room temperature. The assignments of vibration modes were performed using the Density Functional Theory (DFT). Thermal analyses (TGA, DTA, and DSC), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Raman were used to study the phase changes on the crystals under high- and low-temperature conditions. Temperature-dependent XRPD measurements were carried out in the interval of 473-12 K. Several changes were observed in the patterns, like the appearance of new peaks and the disappearance of peaks occurring within 373-393 K due to water loss. In addition, the Raman measurements were performed in the 423-10 K interval. Several changes on the inter and intramolecular vibration bands during the cooling, such as decreasing bands' intensities, the appearance of vibration modes, and discontinuities on the modes' behavior, were observed. These spectral modifications occurred at about 370 K and within 120-220 K, thus, confirming that the crystals undergo two phase changes, one being structural and the other one conformational, respectively, at high- temperature and low-temperature conditions. Finally, thermal investigations corroborated the structural and vibrational results under high temperatures.

9.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e260420, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1394098

RESUMO

Abstract Silicon (Si) is a beneficial element that can mitigate effects of water stress on photosynthetic metabolism and plant growth. Thus, the aimed was to evaluate the effect of Si in mitigating the stressful effect of water deficit and flooding in Eugenia myrcianthes Nied. seedlings. The seedlings received three silicon doses (0, 2, and 4 mmol) and were subjected to two water regimes (I - continuous irrigation and S - water fluctuation, characterized as water stress obtained by two cycles of water regimes: irrigation suspension and flooding). Each cycle was ended when the seedlings had a photosynthetic rate close to zero (P0) when the stressful irrigation condition was normalized until the photosynthetic rate reached the values of the control seedlings (REC). The evaluations were carried out in five periods: T0 - initial seedling condition; 1st and 2nd P0; and 1st and 2nd REC. The E. myrcianthes seedlings reached P0 at 22 and 50 days under water deficit and flooding, respectively. Water stress caused damage to photochemical activities in photosystem II. E. myrcianthes is a species sensitive to water stress, but capable of adjusting to water fluctuation, and the application of 2 mmol Si contributed to the regulation of gas exchange, photochemical yields, and growth of this species at the deficit and flooding phases. We emphasize that E. myrcianthes seedlings have potential for resilience due to physiological plasticity, regardless of the silicon application.


Resumo O silício (Si) é um elemento benéfico que pode mitigar os efeitos do estresse hídrico sobre o metabolismo fotossintético e crescimento das plantas. Assim, objetivou-se avaliar o potencial do Si na mitigação do efeito estressante do déficit hídrico e alagamento em mudas de Eugenia myrcianthes Nied. As mudas receberam aplicação de três doses de silício: 0, 2 e 4 mmol e foram submetidas a dois regimes hídricos: (I) - irrigação contínua e (E) flutuação hídrica, caracterizada como estresse hídrico obtido por dois ciclos de regimes hídricos: suspensão da irrigação e alagamento. Cada ciclo foi encerrado quando as mudas apresentaram taxa fotossintética próxima de zero (F0), momento que a condição de irrigação estressante foi normalizada até que a taxa fotossintética alcançasse os valores das mudas controle (REC). As avaliações foram realizadas em cinco períodos: T0 - condição inicial das mudas; 1ª e 2ª F0; 1ª e 2ª REC. As mudas de E. myrcianthes atingiram F0 aos 22 e 50 dias sob déficit hídrico e alagamento, respectivamente. O estresse hídrico promoveu danos nas atividades fotoquímicas no fotossistema II. E. myrcianthes é uma espécie sensível ao estresse hídrico, mas capaz de se ajustar à flutuação hídrica e a aplicação de 2 mmol de Si contribuiu na regulação das trocas gasosas, rendimentos fotoquímicos e crescimento dessa espécie na fase de déficit e alagamento. Ressaltamos que mudas de E. myrcianthes apresentam potencial de resiliência por plasticidade fisiológica independente da aplicação de silício.

10.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e259016, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1394099

RESUMO

Abstract Water deficit to causes serious problems in the growth and development of plants, impairing their metabolism. Thus, it is necessary to use agents that can mitigate plant damage. This study assesses the potential of silicon to mitigate water deficit stress in Dipteryx alata Vogel seedlings and to help in their recovery after the resumption of irrigation. The study analyzed four water regimes: (I) Continuous irrigation; (II) Water deficit without Si; (III) Water deficit + 0.75 mL Si; and (IV) Water deficit + 1.50 mL Si. Seedlings were evaluated in four periods: (1) (T0 - time zero) at the beginning of the experiment, before irrigation suspension; (2) (P0) when the photosynthetic rates (A) of seedlings under irrigation suspension reached values close to zero, period in which irrigation was resumed; (3) (REC) when A reached values ​​close to those of seedlings under continuous irrigation, characterizing the recovery period; and (4) (END) 45 days after REC, when seedlings were kept under continuous irrigation, similar to the control. Application of 0.75 mL Si alleviates damage to the photosynthetic apparatus of D. alata seedlings that remain longer under water deficit, and contributes to faster physiological recovery after the resumption of irrigation. D. alata seedlings have recovery potential after the stress period, regardless of Si application.


Resumo O déficit hídrico vem ocasionando sérios problemas no crescimento e desenvolvimento das plantas, fazendo com que ocorram danos no seu metabolismo. Assim, faz necessário o uso de agentes que possam mitigar os danos ocasionados nas plantas. Objetivamos neste estudo verificar o potencial do silício de mitigar os efeitos estressantes do déficit hídrico em mudas de Dipteryx alata Vogel, e auxiliar na recuperação após a retomada da irrigação. Foram estudados quatro regimes hídricos: (I) Irrigação contínua; (II): Déficit hídrico + Si 0; (III): Déficit hídrico + 0.75 mL de Si e (IV): Déficit hídrico + 1.50 mL de Si. As mudas foram avaliadas em quatro períodos: (1) (T0 - tempo zero) início do experimento, período antes de iniciar a suspensão da irrigação, (2) (F0) quando os valores da taxa fotossintética nas mudas sob suspensão da irrigação chegaram próximos à zero, quando ocorreu a retomada da irrigação; (3) (REC) quando os valores de A alcançaram valores próximos ao das mudas sob irrigação contínua, caracterizando o período de recuperação e (4) (FINAL) 45 dias após a REC quando as mudas foram mantidas sob irrigação contínua, semelhante ao controle. A aplicação de 0.75 mL de Si alivia os danos ao aparato fotossintético das mudas de D. alata por maior período sob déficit hídrico, e contribui na recuperação fisiológica de maneira mais rápida após a retomada da irrigação. As mudas de D. alata apresentam potencial de recuperação após o período de estresse, independente da aplicação de Si.

11.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e260760, 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1384050

RESUMO

There is little information regarding the genetic diversity of native species aimed at identifying the best viable progenies for in situ and ex situ conservation. Furthermore, there is a lack of future forest improvement programs. We aimed to know the genetic diversity of 64 Peltophorum dubium (Spreng.) Taub. (Fabaceae) progenies. We determined this species' dendrometric characteristics, and when using multivariate techniques and cluster analysis, we verified the differences between the progenies and groups with less heterogeneity. The progeny and provenance test was installed in Dourados (Mato Grosso do Sul - MS), with seeds collected in three MS regions (Vale do Ivinhema, Serra de Maracaju, and Serra da Bodoquena) and in the micro-region of Lavras (Minas Gerais - MG). The experiment was conducted in an alpha lattice 8 x 8 with four repetitions. We found genetic variability among and within P. dubium populations for all height, diameter, circumference at breast height, volume, and basal area characters. We suggest that P. dubium populations have high genetic variability, which indicates possible genetic improvement through best progeny selection. The UPGMA and Tocher methods grouped the progenies into three and nine groups, respectively, in which the most divergent individuals come from MG and the Bonito region in MS. Based on morphological characters, P. dubium progenies identified as 45, 47, 49, 50, 55, and 59 from MG are the most promising, while progenies 6 and 9 were the least promising.


Informações quanto à diversidade genética de espécies nativas visando identificar melhores progênies viáveis para conservação in situ e ex situ, além de futuros programas de melhoramento florestal são incipientes. Objetivamos conhecer a diversidade genética de 64 progênies de Peltophorum dubium (Spreng.) Taub. (Fabaceae). Determinamos os caracteres dendrométricos dessa espécie, e ao utilizarmos técnicas multivariadas e análises de agrupamento verificamos as diferenças entre as progênies e grupos de menor heterogeneidade. O teste de progênies e procedências foi instalado em Dourados (MS), cujas sementes foram coletadas em três regiões de MS (Vale do Ivinhema, Serra de Maracaju e Serra da Bodoquena) e na microrregião de Lavras-MG. O experimento foi conduzido em alfa-látice 8 x 8, com quatro repetições. Constatamos variabilidade genética entre e dentro das populações de P. dubium para todos os caracteres altura, diâmetro, circunferência à altura do peito, volume e área basal. Sugerimos que as populações de P. dubium tem alta variabilidade genética, o que indicou possibilidade de melhoramento genético pela seleção das melhores progênies. Os métodos UPGMA e Tocher agruparam as progênies em três e nove grupos, respectivamente, em que os indivíduos mais divergentes são procedentes de MG e da região de Bonito em MS. As progênies de P. dubium de identificação 45, 47, 49, 50, 55 e 59, todas de MG, são as mais promissoras, enquanto que as progênies 6 e 9, foram as menos promissoras, baseando-se nos caracteres morfológicos.


Assuntos
Árvores/genética , Variação Genética , Cassia/genética , Brasil
12.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e246451, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495152

RESUMO

Dipteryx alata Vogel is a tree species widely found in Cerrado, settling preferentially in well drained soils. Studies related to ecophysiology of D. alata may contribute to the decision making about using seedlings of this species in projects aimed at the recovery of degraded areas where seasonal flooding happens. This study aimed to assess the effects of flooding on photosynthetic and antioxidant metabolism and quality of D. alata seedlings cultivated or not under flooding during four assessment periods (0, 20, 40, and 60 days), followed by 100 days after the end of each assessment period (0+100, 20+100, 40+100, and 60+100 days), allowing verifying the potential for post-flooding recovery. Flooded plants showed lower photosynthetic efficiency than non-flooded plants, regardless of the periods of exposure. However, this efficiency was recovered in the post-flooding, with values similar to that of the non-flooded seedlings. Moreover, the damage to FV/FM was evidenced by an increase in the period of exposure to flooding, but recovery was also observed at this stage of the photosynthetic metabolism. Seedling quality decreased under flooding, not varying between periods of exposure, but remained lower although the increase observed in the post-flooding period, with no recovery after flooding. The occurrence of hypertrophied lenticels associated with physiological changes and an efficient antioxidant enzyme system might have contributed to the survival and recovery of these seedlings. Thus, this species is sensitive to flooding stress but capable of adjusting and recovering metabolic characteristics at 100 days after the suspension of the water stress, but with no recovery in seedling quality. Thus, we suggested plasticity under the cultivation condition and determined that the time of 100 days is not enough for the complete resumption of growth.


Assuntos
Dipteryx , Plântula , Antioxidantes , Inundações , Fotossíntese
13.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 50(9): 1259-1266, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632576

RESUMO

This study was performed to evaluate the short-term preservation of alveolar bone volume with or without a polypropylene barrier and exposure of the area after extractions. Thirty posterior tooth extraction sockets were distributed randomly to a control group (n=15; extraction and suture) and a barrier group (n=15; extraction, barrier, and suture). All sutures and barriers were removed 10 days postoperatively. Cone beam computed tomography scans taken with the aid of a tomographic guide were obtained preoperatively, immediately postoperative, and at 120 days postoperative. A visual analysis of the coronal sections of the alveolus was performed, and vertical loss in the mesial, distal, buccal, and lingual bone ridges and horizontal thickness were evaluated. The mean vertical loss after extraction did not differ significantly between the control and barrier groups (Student t-test: mesial P= 0.989, buccal P= 0.997, lingual/palatal P= 0.070, distal P= 0.107). The mean vertical loss at 120 days postoperative did not differ significantly between the control (0.65 mm) and barrier (0.52 mm) groups (P> 0.05), with an effect size of 0.13 mm. At 120 days, the barrier group presented a mean resorption in thickness (0.45 mm) that was significantly lower than that in the control group (0.76 mm) (P= 0.021), with an effect size of 0.31 mm. The polypropylene barrier reduced the horizontal resorption in sockets of posterior teeth after extraction.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Aumento do Rebordo Alveolar , Perda do Osso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Perda do Osso Alveolar/prevenção & controle , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Polipropilenos , Extração Dentária , Alvéolo Dental/diagnóstico por imagem , Alvéolo Dental/cirurgia
14.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(4): 1293-1298, jul.-ago. 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-25243

RESUMO

The pelvimetry consists of the metric determination of the pelvis dimensions and its use is directly related to the reproduction. The cartilage closure time of the ossification centers varies according to the bone, some closing already in the uterine life and others remaining present for many years. The objective was to evaluate, radiographically, the pelvic diameters by pelvimetry during the first 24 months of life in pacas, the second lagest Brazilian rodent and an animal that has shown big recent scientific interest, aiming the estimated age determination. Twelve pacas were used, which were monthly radiographed up from birth until 24 months old, with the animals anesthetized. The pacas are dolicopelvic animals and with pelvis presenting strong tendency to constant growth along the 12 first months of age, fact that can be useful in the approximated animals' age determination that do not have precise birth date, for example.(AU)


A pelvimetria consiste na determinação métrica das dimensões pélvicas, e sua utilização está diretamente relacionada à reprodução. O momento de fechamento da cartilagem dos centros de ossificação varia de acordo com o osso, algumas fechando já na vida uterina e outras permanecendo presentes por vários anos. Objetivou-se avaliar, radiograficamente, os diâmetros pélvicos, mediante pelvimetria, durante os 24 primeiros meses de vida de pacas, o segundo maior roedor brasileiro e sobre o qual tem havido grande interesse científico, para a determinação aproximada da idade. Foram utilizadas 12 pacas, as quais foram radiografadas mensalmente a partir do nascimento até 24 meses de idade, com os animais anestesiados. As pacas são animais dolicopélvicos e com pelve apresentando forte tendência ao crescimento constante durante os 12 primeiros meses de vida, o que pode ser útil na determinação aproximada da idade em animais que não possuem data precisa de nascimento, por exemplo.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Pelve/anatomia & histologia , Pelve/diagnóstico por imagem , Pesos e Medidas Corporais/veterinária , Cuniculidae , Pelvimetria/veterinária
15.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(4): 1293-1298, jul.-ago. 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1038619

RESUMO

The pelvimetry consists of the metric determination of the pelvis dimensions and its use is directly related to the reproduction. The cartilage closure time of the ossification centers varies according to the bone, some closing already in the uterine life and others remaining present for many years. The objective was to evaluate, radiographically, the pelvic diameters by pelvimetry during the first 24 months of life in pacas, the second lagest Brazilian rodent and an animal that has shown big recent scientific interest, aiming the estimated age determination. Twelve pacas were used, which were monthly radiographed up from birth until 24 months old, with the animals anesthetized. The pacas are dolicopelvic animals and with pelvis presenting strong tendency to constant growth along the 12 first months of age, fact that can be useful in the approximated animals' age determination that do not have precise birth date, for example.(AU)


A pelvimetria consiste na determinação métrica das dimensões pélvicas, e sua utilização está diretamente relacionada à reprodução. O momento de fechamento da cartilagem dos centros de ossificação varia de acordo com o osso, algumas fechando já na vida uterina e outras permanecendo presentes por vários anos. Objetivou-se avaliar, radiograficamente, os diâmetros pélvicos, mediante pelvimetria, durante os 24 primeiros meses de vida de pacas, o segundo maior roedor brasileiro e sobre o qual tem havido grande interesse científico, para a determinação aproximada da idade. Foram utilizadas 12 pacas, as quais foram radiografadas mensalmente a partir do nascimento até 24 meses de idade, com os animais anestesiados. As pacas são animais dolicopélvicos e com pelve apresentando forte tendência ao crescimento constante durante os 12 primeiros meses de vida, o que pode ser útil na determinação aproximada da idade em animais que não possuem data precisa de nascimento, por exemplo.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Pelve/anatomia & histologia , Pelve/diagnóstico por imagem , Pesos e Medidas Corporais/veterinária , Cuniculidae , Pelvimetria/veterinária
16.
Cytotherapy ; 21(8): 824-839, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201092

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), namely, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, remains a grievous and recalcitrant problem incurring significant human and health care costs, even in consideration of the growing incidence. Initial goals of care aimed to achieve the induction and maintenance of clinical remission. The advent of novel treat-to-target approaches using patient stratification, early introduction of immunosuppressants and rapid escalation to biologics or early use of combination therapy has refocused the goals of care toward the achievement of mucosal healing. This is in an attempt to preserve intestinal function, decrease hospitalization and surgery rates and improve the quality of life of affected patients. Cellular therapeutics for the treatment of IBD offers an unprecedented opportunity to change the current paradigm from single-targeted to systems-targeted therapy, trying to dampen the whole inflammatory cascade instead of a only molecule. Therefore, as we move forward, the importance of designing informative and possibly adaptive trial designs, standardizing methodologies, harmonizing goals of therapy and evaluating methods cannot be underemphasized. In this article, we review the current literature on the application of mesenchymal stromal cells for the treatment of IBD in an effort to establish a consensus on designing efficient and consistent clinical trials for the intravenous use of this cellular therapy in IBD.


Assuntos
Terapia Genética/métodos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Administração Intravenosa , Animais , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Colite Ulcerativa/terapia , Doença de Crohn/terapia , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Seleção de Pacientes
17.
Transfus Med ; 29(2): 116-120, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30848007

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to present a strategy for the detection of the RHD pseudogene (RHDψ) based on a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. BACKGROUND: The D-negative phenotype is associated with many genetic alterations. In populations with African ancestry, this phenotype commonly results from the silent variant RHDψ. The evaluation of RHDψ is essential for correct inference of the RhD phenotype in order to avoid false-positive results. METHODS: We utilised a new method for the simultaneous detection of RHDψ and a fragment from exon 5 of the wild-type RHD gene based on duplex real-time PCR assay. RESULTS: The PCR assay allowed specific detection of RHDψ. There was complete agreement between the results generated by the new test and the results generated by molecular analysis performed using end-point PCR methods previously described. CONCLUSIONS: The assay developed is easy to execute and presents the potential for routine use at blood banks and other associated facilities where it is desired to determine the presence of RHDψ.


Assuntos
Éxons , Pseudogenes , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Sistema do Grupo Sanguíneo Rh-Hr/genética , Humanos
18.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 205: 603-613, 2018 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30077951

RESUMO

Copper(II) complexes of amino acids have been widely studied as potentials medicines and dietary supplementation, so the knowledge about the metal-ligand sites, thermal stability and behavior of these complexes is an important subject of study. Although the Raman spectroscopy could help to elucidate the nature of the interactions into crystal there are only few information about vibrational study of this compound in the literature and no data depending on the temperature. In addition, there is no temperature-dependent X-ray diffraction study of this material. We report here Raman Spectroscopy and Powder X-ray Diffraction measurements, both as a function of temperature and as a way of studying the thermal stability of the material. After the synthesis of the sample and confirmation of its crystal structure by Powder X-ray Diffraction, Raman measurements were performed in the 70-3600 cm-1 spectral region as a function of temperature from 10 up to 300 K. Some peaks become more evident during the cooling, due to a decrease in width and an increase in intensity. There is a discontinuity in the wavenumbers evolution around 110 K, that should be associated with a conformation of the structure. Optimized geometry and vibrational frequencies were obtained by means of Density Functional Theory and for the first time the analysis of the vibrational modes was done in terms of the Potential Energy Distribution. X-ray diffraction measurements as a function of temperature and Rietveld refinement showed discontinuities in the lattice parameters and degradation around 493 K (at air atmosphere) and 513 K (under vacuum). These results were corroborated by the thermal analysis which indicates that the compound is stable up to 493 K.

19.
Nanotechnology ; 29(36): 365701, 2018 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29894981

RESUMO

Magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) have attracted great attention owing to their applications in the biomedical field. In the present work, maghemite (γFe2O3) NPs of 6.5 nm were prepared using a sonochemical method and used to prepare magnetic beads through silanization with 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (APTS). Subsequently, amino groups in the resulting APTS-γFe2O3 beads were converted to carboxylic acid (CARB-γFe2O3) through the succinic anhydride reaction, as confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements. The size of these beads was measured as 12 nm and their hydrodynamic diameter as 490 nm, using TEM analysis and DLS, respectively. The CARB-γFe2O3 beads were further functionalized by immobilizing rabbit antibodies on their surfaces; the immobilization was confirmed by flow cytometry and ionic strength. The samples were further characterized by Mössbauer spectroscopy and DC magnetization measurements. Studies on magnetic relaxivities showed that magnetic beads present great potential for application in MR imaging.


Assuntos
Anticorpos/metabolismo , Compostos Férricos/síntese química , Microesferas , Animais , Ácidos Carboxílicos/química , Difusão Dinâmica da Luz , Compostos Férricos/química , Fluorescência , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Magnetismo , Nanopartículas/química , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula , Propilaminas/química , Coelhos , Silanos/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Espectroscopia de Mossbauer , Eletricidade Estática , Vibração , Difração de Raios X
20.
Meat Sci ; 145: 79-85, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29908446

RESUMO

The utility of Raman spectroscopic signatures of fresh pork loin (1 d & 15 d postmortem) in predicting fresh pork tenderness and slice shear force (SSF) was determined. Partial least square models showed that sensory tenderness and SSF are weakly correlated (R2 = 0.2). Raman spectral data were collected in 6 s using a portable Raman spectrometer (RS). A PLS regression model was developed to predict quantitatively the tenderness scores and SSF values from Raman spectral data, with very limited success. It was discovered that the prediction accuracies for day 15 post mortem samples are significantly greater than that for day 1 postmortem samples. Classification models were developed to predict tenderness at two ends of sensory quality as "poor" vs. "good". The accuracies of classification into different quality categories (1st to 4th percentile) are also greater for the day 15 postmortem samples for sensory tenderness (93.5% vs 76.3%) and SSF (92.8% vs 76.1%). RS has the potential to become a rapid on-line screening tool for the pork producers to quickly select meats with superior quality and/or cull poor quality to meet market demand/expectations.


Assuntos
Culinária , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Carne Vermelha/análise , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Estresse Mecânico , Animais , Classificação , Humanos , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Modelos Estatísticos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Suínos , Paladar
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