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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: 00264, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1339364

RESUMO

Abstract Allium cepa L. is a commonly consumed vegetable that belongs to the Amaryllidaceae family and contains nutrients and antioxidants in ample amounts. In spite of the valuable food applications of onion bulb, its peel and outer fleshy layers are generally regarded as waste and exploration of their nutritional and therapeutic potential is still in progress with a very slow progression rate. The present study was designed with the purpose of doing a comparative analysis of the antioxidant potential of two parts of Allium cepa, i.g., bulb (edible part) and outer fleshy layers and dry peels (inedible part). Moreover, the inhibitory effect of the onion bulb and peel extracts on rat intestinal α-glucosidase and pancreatic α-amylase of porcine was also evaluated. The antioxidant potential of onion peel and bulb extracts were evaluated using 2,2-diphenyl- 1-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH), ferric-reducing antioxidant power assay (FRAP), 2,2'-azino-bis- 3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) radical scavenging assay, H2O2 radical scavenging activity and Fe2+ chelating activity. Total flavonoids and phenolic content of ethanolic extract of onion peel were significantly greater as compared to that of onion bulb. Ethanolic extract of onion peel also presented better antioxidant and free-radical scavenging activity as compared to the ethanolic extract of bulb, while the aqueous extract of bulb presented weakest antioxidative potential. Onion peel extract's α-glucosidase inhibition potential was also correlated with their phenolic and flavonoid contents. The current findings presented onion peel as a possible source of antioxidative agents and phenolic compounds that might be beneficial against development of various common chronic diseases that might have an association with oxidative stress. Besides, outer dry layers and fleshy peels of onion exhibited higher phenolic content and antioxidant activities, compared to the inner bulb. The information obtained by the present study can be useful in promoting the use of vegetable parts other than the edible mesocarp for several future food applications, rather than these being wasted.


Resumo Allium cepa pertence à família Liliaceae e é rica em nutrientes e antioxidantes. Apesar das expressivas aplicações alimentares do bulbo da cebola, sua casca e outras camadas externas são geralmente consideradas resíduos, e seu potencial nutricional e terapêutico ainda é pouco explorado. O presente estudo foi delineado com o objetivo de investigar comparativamente o potencial antioxidante de duas partes de Allium cepa, por exemplo o bulbo (parte comestível) e camadas externas e cascas secas (parte não comestível). Além disso, o efeito inibitório dos extratos do bulbo de cebola e casca sobre a α-glucosidase intestinal de ratos e α-amilase pancreática suína também foi avaliado. O potencial antioxidante dos extratos da casca de cebola e bulbo foi avaliado utilizando-se 2,2-difenil-1-picrilhidrazil (DPPH), método de poder antioxidante de redução do ferro (FRAP), método 2,2'-azino-bis-3-etilbenzotiazolina-6-ácido sulfônico (ABTS) de eliminação de radicais, atividade de eliminação de radicais H2O2 e atividade quelante do Fe2+. Os flavonoides totais e os teores fenólicos do extrato de etanol da casca de cebola foram significativamente maiores quando comparados ao do bulbo. O extrato de etanol da casca de cebola também apresentou melhor atividade antioxidante e eliminação de radicais livres quando comparado ao extrato de etanol do bulbo, enquanto o extrato aquoso de bulbo apresentou menor potencial antioxidante. O potencial de inibição da α-glicosidase dos extratos de casca de cebola correlacionou-se com seus teores fenólicos e de flavonoides. Os resultados encontrados identificaram que a casca de cebola é uma possível fonte de agentes antioxidantes e compostos fenólicos que podem ser benéficos contra o desenvolvimento de várias doenças crônicas que estão associadas ao estresse oxidativo. Além disso, as camadas externas secas e as cascas da cebola exibiram maior conteúdo fenólico e atividades antioxidantes, em comparação com o bulbo interno. As informações obtidas pelo presente estudo podem promover o uso de outras partes vegetais além do mesocarpo comestível para futuras aplicações em alimentos, ao invés de serem desperdiçadas.

2.
Braz J Biol ; 83: 00264, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34669793

RESUMO

Allium cepa L. is a commonly consumed vegetable that belongs to the Amaryllidaceae family and contains nutrients and antioxidants in ample amounts. In spite of the valuable food applications of onion bulb, its peel and outer fleshy layers are generally regarded as waste and exploration of their nutritional and therapeutic potential is still in progress with a very slow progression rate. The present study was designed with the purpose of doing a comparative analysis of the antioxidant potential of two parts of Allium cepa, i.g., bulb (edible part) and outer fleshy layers and dry peels (inedible part). Moreover, the inhibitory effect of the onion bulb and peel extracts on rat intestinal α-glucosidase and pancreatic α-amylase of porcine was also evaluated. The antioxidant potential of onion peel and bulb extracts were evaluated using 2,2-diphenyl- 1-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH), ferric-reducing antioxidant power assay (FRAP), 2,2'-azino-bis- 3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) radical scavenging assay, H2O2 radical scavenging activity and Fe2+ chelating activity. Total flavonoids and phenolic content of ethanolic extract of onion peel were significantly greater as compared to that of onion bulb. Ethanolic extract of onion peel also presented better antioxidant and free-radical scavenging activity as compared to the ethanolic extract of bulb, while the aqueous extract of bulb presented weakest antioxidative potential. Onion peel extract's α-glucosidase inhibition potential was also correlated with their phenolic and flavonoid contents. The current findings presented onion peel as a possible source of antioxidative agents and phenolic compounds that might be beneficial against development of various common chronic diseases that might have an association with oxidative stress. Besides, outer dry layers and fleshy peels of onion exhibited higher phenolic content and antioxidant activities, compared to the inner bulb. The information obtained by the present study can be useful in promoting the use of vegetable parts other than the edible mesocarp for several future food applications, rather than these being wasted.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Cebolas , Animais , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ratos , Suínos , alfa-Glucosidases
3.
Trop Biomed ; 33(4): 599-607, 2016 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33579055

RESUMO

Pakistan is endemic for hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections with 10 and 11 million infections, respectively. The epidemiological studies of these virus showed that the information is only from few cities of the country and is relevant to high risk groups. It is of great importance to have an idea about the prevalence of infectious agents in general population to help in identification of hot spot for infections. Identification of hot spots will help in disease management for future. As the there is no report form district Sargodha (Punjab Province) so this study was designed to analyze the prevalence of HBV and HCV in general population. Blood samples of 2373 randomly selected individuals from six different tehsils were collected and were analyzed for HBV and HCV sero-positivity. An overall prevalence of both HBV and HCV in district Sargodha was 28.10% (667/2373). HCV prevalence was (20.01%) and HBV seropositivity was (8.09%). Males were more infected than females, and a significant difference was found in positive cases between male (58.77%) and female (41.22%). The most common routes of transmission of hepatitis virus in present study were shaving assisted by barbers in male patients 143 (21.43%), non sterile or used needles and syringes 127 (19.04%), dental surgical procedures 88 (13.19%), and sharing razors in males 49 (7.34%). In female patients a significant factor is labor and child birth process. Most cases of hepatitis were seen in mesons, farmers and house wives. The prevalence of HBV and HCV in general population of district Sargodha is very high. The study will help for better management of disease to contain the disease spread. The study highlighted that District Sargodha is endemic for these viral infections and it is highly warranted to carry out more studies to get better idea about the infection spread. Community education campaigns are also highly warranted to general population as well as high risk population to control future disease spread.

4.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 91(5): 399-403, 2009 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19409146

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) performed laparoscopically is a popular treatment with curative intent for organ-confined prostate cancer. After surgery, prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels drop to low levels which can be measured with ultrasensitive assays. This has been described in the literature for open RRP but not for laparoscopic RRP. This paper describes PSA changes in the first 300 consecutive patients undergoing non-robotic laparoscopic RRP by a single surgeon. OBJECTIVES: To use ultrasensitive PSA (uPSA) assays to measure a PSA nadir in patients having laparoscopic radical prostatectomy below levels recorded by standard assays. The aim was to use uPSA nadir at 3 months' post-prostatectomy as an early surrogate end-point of oncological outcome. In so doing, laparoscopic oncological outcomes could then be compared with published results from other open radical prostatectomy series with similar end-points. Furthermore, this end-point could be used in the assessment of the surgeon's learning curve. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective, comprehensive, demographic, clinical, biochemical and operative data were collected from all patients undergoing non-robotic laparoscopic RRP. We present data from the first 300 consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic RRP by a single surgeon. uPSA was measured every 3 months post surgery. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 29 months (minimum 3 months). The likelihood of reaching a uPSA of < or = 0.01 ng/ml at 3 months is 73% for the first 100 patients. This is statistically lower when compared with 83% (P < 0.05) for the second 100 patients and 80% for the third 100 patients (P < 0.05). Overall, 84% of patients with pT2 disease and 66% patients with pT3 disease had a uPSA of < or = 0.01 ng/ml at 3 months. Pre-operative PSA, PSA density and Gleason score were not correlated with outcome as determined by a uPSA of < or = 0.01 ng/ml at 3 months. Positive margins correlate with outcome as determined by a uPSA of < or = 0.01 ng/ml at 3 months but operative time and tumour volume do not (P < 0.05). Attempt at nerve sparing had no adverse effect on achieving a uPSA of < or = 0.01 ng/ml at 3 months. CONCLUSIONS: uPSA can be used as an early end-point in the analysis of oncological outcomes after radical prostatectomy. It is one of many measures that can be used in calculating a surgeon's learning curve for laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and in bench-marking performance. With experience, a surgeon can achieve in excess of an 80% chance of obtaining a uPSA nadir of < or = 0.01 ng/ml at 3 months after laparoscopic RRP for a British population. This is equivalent to most published open series.


Assuntos
Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Prostatectomia/educação , Idoso , Competência Clínica , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prostatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Fatores de Tempo
5.
J Clin Pathol ; 62(2): 177-81, 2009 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18952689

RESUMO

Angioimmunoblastic T cell lymphoma (AILT) is an aggressive T cell lymphoma with an incidence of approximately 1-2% of all non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The detection of clonal T cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangements helps in the diagnosis of T cell malignancies such as AILT, where morphological and immunohistological investigations are not always sufficient to reach a definitive diagnosis. TCR beta (TCRB) and TCR gamma (TCRG) gene rearrangements were analysed from 17 WHO-defined cases of AILT by PCR for the presence of TCR clonality. TCRB gene rearrangements were sequenced to identify molecular signature(s) common among this patient group. Monoclonal and oligoclonal TCRB and TCRG gene rearrangements were detected in all cases. BV17S1 was slightly over-represented compared to the use of other Vbeta gene segments; however, no preferential usage of J gene segment(s) was detected. The results of this study emphasise that TCR clonality and oligoclonality is a diagnostic feature of AILT and that BV17S1 is over-represented with no other common molecular findings.


Assuntos
Linfadenopatia Imunoblástica/genética , Linfoma de Células T/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta/genética , DNA de Neoplasias/genética , Rearranjo Gênico da Cadeia beta dos Receptores de Antígenos dos Linfócitos T , Rearranjo Gênico da Cadeia gama dos Receptores de Antígenos dos Linfócitos T , Humanos , Linfadenopatia Imunoblástica/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T/diagnóstico , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos
6.
Behav Processes ; 71(1): 8-15, 2006 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16236465

RESUMO

Barbering (fur/whisker trimming, the Dalila effect) is a behaviour-associated hair and whisker loss frequently seen in laboratory rodents, including mice. Here we analyse barbering behaviour in 129S1, NMRI, C57BL/6 and BALB/c mouse strains and some of their F1 hybrids. Our study shows that barbering in mice, depending on their genotype, is a complex behaviour with several distinct contexts or domains. We observed social (dominant) barbering in NMRI and C57BL/6 mice, sexual over-grooming in 129S1 and C57BL/6 mice, maternal barbering in lactating 129S1 and C57BL/6 mice, and stress-evoked barbering in F1 (NMRIx129S1) hybrids. In contrast, aggressive BALB/c mice and their F1 progeny do not use barbering in their behaviour. We suggest that barbering may be an important complex multi-domain behaviour sensitive to various manipulations, and represent a useful index in neurobehavioural research.


Assuntos
Alopecia/fisiopatologia , Comportamento Animal/fisiologia , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Cabelo/fisiopatologia , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos
8.
J R Army Med Corps ; 149(4): 265-6, 2003 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15015797

RESUMO

A reversal of a vasectomy is required in about 3% of men who undergo vasectomy. We set out to examine the relationships between the age at which vasectomy was performed and the interval before subsequent reversal within the context of the armed forces. Thirty seven patients were identified from hospital records, as having undergone a reversal of vasectomy in the preceding two years, and thirty one sets of notes were available for inspection. Ages at vasectomy and at reversal were recorded and, where stated in the notes, if there had been a change in partner prior to the reversal request. Twelve (39%) men were under the age of thirty years at the time of their vasectomy, with a mean time to reversal of 4.4 years. Nineteen (61%) were over the age of thirty years at time of the vasectomy and their mean time to reversal was 7.2 years. Where recorded, the reason for requesting a reversal was a change in partner in 90% of men. Men who had their vasectomies before reaching the age of thirty were more likely to undergo reversal in a significantly shorter period of time when compared to those over thirty years. The disseminated criteria for vasectomy should be adhered to and appropriate preoperative counselling by surgeons may be useful.


Assuntos
Militares/estatística & dados numéricos , Vasovasostomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Hospitais Militares , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo , Reino Unido
9.
Genetics ; 159(1): 241-54, 2001 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11560901

RESUMO

Mutations in mtDNA-encoded components of the mitochondrial translational apparatus are associated with diverse pathological states in humans, notably sensorineural deafness. To develop animal models of such disorders, we have manipulated the nuclear gene for mitochondrial ribosomal protein S12 in Drosophila (technical knockout, tko). The prototypic mutant tko(25t) exhibits developmental delay, bang sensitivity, impaired male courtship, and defective response to sound. On the basis of a transgenic reversion test, these phenotypes are attributable to a single substitution (L85H) at a conserved residue of the tko protein. The mutant is hypersensitive to doxycyclin, an antibiotic that selectively inhibits mitochondrial protein synthesis, and mutant larvae have greatly diminished activities of mitochondrial redox enzymes and decreased levels of mitochondrial small-subunit rRNA. A second mutation in the tko gene, Q116K, which is predicted to impair the accuracy of mitochondrial translation, results in the completely different phenotype of recessive female sterility, based on three independent transgenic insertions. We infer that the tko(25t) mutant provides a model of mitochondrial hearing impairment resulting from a quantitative deficiency of mitochondrial translational capacity.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Surdez/genética , Drosophila/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mutação , Proteínas Ribossômicas/genética , Proteínas Ribossômicas/fisiologia , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Northern Blotting , Southern Blotting , Núcleo Celular/genética , Clonagem Molecular , Cruzamentos Genéticos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Doxiciclina/farmacologia , Drosophila/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/genética , Masculino , Modelos Genéticos , Oligonucleotídeos/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Fenótipo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Biossíntese de Proteínas , RNA Ribossômico/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Som , Fatores de Tempo , Transgenes
10.
Biochim Biophys Acta ; 1539(1-2): 1-6, 2001 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11389963

RESUMO

A novel cyclin, CycJ18, was isolated by complementation of G1 cyclin-deficient budding yeast with an Arabidopsis cDNA library. CycJ18 shares only 20% identity in its conserved cyclin box domain with other cyclins, and is predominantly expressed in young seedlings. CycJ18 is a member of a potential new plant cyclin class.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Ciclinas/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas de Plantas/isolamento & purificação , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Ciclinas/genética , Biblioteca Gênica , Teste de Complementação Genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Alinhamento de Sequência
11.
Hum Mutat ; 17(5): 433-4, 2001 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11317363

RESUMO

Two genes for components of the mitochondrial translational apparatus, mitochondrial seryl-tRNA synthetase (SARSM) and mitoribosomal protein S12 (RPMS12) lie adjacent to one another on human chromosome 19, within the critical interval for the autosomal dominant deafness locus DFNA4. Both genes are plausible candidates for DFNA4, based on the fact that deafness mutations in mtDNA have been mapped both to tRNA-ser(UCN) and to the accuracy domain of the small subunit rRNA. We have sequenced the coding regions, proximal promoters, 5' and 3' UTR and splice junctional regions of both genes in two families with DFNA4-linked deafness and in controls. Novel polymorphisms 84425C>T, 83907A>G, 79485T>G, 79406C>T, 71755A>C and 68686C>G (numbered as in GenBank AC011455) were found in one or both families, but none is a plausible disease-causing mutation. Although regulatory mutations affecting either gene could still be involved in the phenotype, structural gene mutations affecting SARSM or RPMS12 can be excluded from consideration as the cause of DFNA4-linked deafness, at least in the families identified thus far.


Assuntos
Éxons/genética , Genes Dominantes/genética , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/genética , Mitocôndrias , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Proteínas Ribossômicas/genética , Serina-tRNA Ligase/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 19/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Primers do DNA/genética , DNA Intergênico/genética , Família , Células HeLa , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/congênito , Humanos , Mitocôndrias/química , Mitocôndrias/enzimologia , Países Baixos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Sítios de Splice de RNA/genética , RNA Mensageiro/análise , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Estados Unidos
12.
FEBS Lett ; 481(2): 91-5, 2000 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10996302

RESUMO

Three metalloproteases belonging to the AAA superfamily (Yme1p, Afg3p and Rca1p) are involved in protein turnover and respiratory chain complex assembly in the yeast inner mitochondrial membrane. Analysis of the completed genome sequences of Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila melanogaster indicates that this gene family typically comprises 3-4 members in metazoans. Phylogenetic analysis reveals three main branches represented, respectively, by Saccharomyces cerevisiae YME1, human SPG7 (paraplegin) and S. cerevisiae AFG3 and RCA1. mt-AAA metalloproteases are weak candidates for several previously studied Drosophila mutants. A full elucidation of the cellular and physiological roles of mt-AAA metalloproteases in metazoans will require the creation of targeted mutations.


Assuntos
Membranas Intracelulares/enzimologia , Metaloendopeptidases/genética , Metaloendopeptidases/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/enzimologia , Animais , Humanos , Invertebrados , Família Multigênica , Filogenia
13.
FEBS Lett ; 478(3): 267-70, 2000 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10930580

RESUMO

In yeast, three AAA superfamily metalloproteases (Yme1p, Afg3p and Rca1p) are localized to the mitochondrial inner membrane where they perform roles in the assembly and turnover of the respiratory chain complexes. We have investigated the function of the proposed human orthologue of yeast Yme1p, encoded by the YME1L gene on chromosome 10p. Transfection of both HEK-293EBNA and yeast cells with a green fluorescent protein-tagged YME1L cDNA confirmed mitochondrial targeting. When expressed in a yme1 disruptant yeast strain, YME1L restored growth on glycerol at 37 degrees C. We propose that YME1L plays a phylogenetically conserved role in mitochondrial protein metabolism and could be involved in mitochondrial pathologies.


Assuntos
Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Deleção de Genes , Teste de Complementação Genética , Metaloendopeptidases/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/enzimologia , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Proteases Dependentes de ATP , ATPases Associadas a Diversas Atividades Celulares , Adenosina Trifosfatases/química , Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Linhagem Celular , Cromossomos Humanos Par 10/genética , Clonagem Molecular , Glicerol/metabolismo , Humanos , Metaloendopeptidases/química , Metaloendopeptidases/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais , Filogenia , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/química , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/enzimologia , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo
14.
J Biol Chem ; 274(45): 31853-62, 1999 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10542210

RESUMO

The human gene RPMS12 encodes a protein similar to bacterial ribosomal protein S12 and is proposed to represent the human mitochondrial orthologue. RPMS12 reporter gene expression in cultured human cells supports the idea that the gene product is mitochondrial and is localized to the inner membrane. Human cells contain at least four structurally distinct RPMS12 mRNAs that differ in their 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) as a result of alternate splicing and of 5' end heterogeneity. All of them encode the same polypeptide. The full 5'-UTR contains two types of sequence element implicated elsewhere in translational regulation as follows: a short upstream open reading frame and an oligopyrimidine tract similar to that found at the 5' end of mRNAs encoding other growth-regulated proteins, including those of cytosolic ribosomes. The fully spliced (short) mRNA is the predominant form in all cell types studied and is translationally down-regulated in cultured cells in response to serum starvation, even though it lacks both of the putative translational regulatory elements. By contrast, other splice variants containing one or both of these elements are not translationally regulated by growth status but are translated poorly in both growing and non-growing cells. Reporter analysis identified a 26-nucleotide tract of the 5'-UTR of the short mRNA that is essential for translational down-regulation in growth-inhibited cells. Such experiments also confirmed that the 5'-UTR of the longer mRNA variants contains negative regulatory elements for translation. Tissue representation of RPMS12 mRNA is highly variable, following a typical mitochondrial pattern, but the relative levels of the different splice variants are similar in different tissues. These findings indicate a complex, multilevel regulation of RPMS12 gene expression in response to signals mediating growth, tissue specialization, and probably metabolic needs.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Splicing de RNA , Proteínas Ribossômicas/genética , Transcrição Genética , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Células Cultivadas , Células HeLa , Humanos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Xenopus
15.
Genomics ; 48(3): 384-8, 1998 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9545647

RESUMO

We have mapped the chromosomal locations of three human nuclear genes for putative components of the apparatus of mitochondrial gene expression, using a combination of in situ hybridization and interspecies hybrid mapping. The genes RPMS12 (mitoribosomal protein S12, a conserved protein component of the mitoribosomal accuracy center), TUFM (mitochondrial elongation factor EF-Tu), and AFG3L1 (similar to the yeast genes Afg3 and Rca1 involved in the turnover of mistranslated or misfolded mtDNA-encoded polypeptides) were initially characterized by a combination of database sequence analysis, PCR, cloning, and DNA sequencing. RPMS12 maps to chromosome 19q13.1, close to the previously mapped gene for autosomal dominant hearing loss DFNA4. The TUFM gene is located on chromosome 16p11.2, with a putative pseudogene or variant (TUFML) located very close to the centromere of chromosome 17. AFG3L1 is located on chromosome 16q24, very close to the telomere. By virtue of their inferred functions in mitochondria, these genes should be regarded as candidates of disorders sharing features with mitochondrial disease syndromes, such as sensorineural deafness, diabetes, and retinopathy.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Cromossômico , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Metaloendopeptidases , Fator Tu de Elongação de Peptídeos/genética , Proteínas/genética , Proteínas Ribossômicas/genética , ATPases Associadas a Diversas Atividades Celulares , Cromossomos Humanos Par 16 , Cromossomos Humanos Par 17 , Cromossomos Humanos Par 19 , Clonagem Molecular , Surdez/genética , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Hibridização In Situ , Proteínas Mitocondriais , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Pseudogenes , Análise de Sequência de DNA
16.
Gene ; 204(1-2): 55-62, 1997 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9434165

RESUMO

We have characterized nuclear genes for mitoribosomal protein S12 (mt-rps12) a major component of the ribosomal accuracy centre, in human, mouse and Drosophila melanogaster. In human and Drosophila, and probably also in mouse, there is a single intron within the coding region, located in the mitochondrial targeting pre-sequence. In humans, the mRNA structure is highly suggestive of translational regulation. In all three species, there is an amino-acid substitution with respect to eubacterial homologues in a residue implicated in aminoglycoside resistance. The only viable mutant allele of the Drosophila gene, associated with a bang-sensitive phenotype (paralysis upon mechanical vibration, arising from a mechanoreceptor cell defect) also has a novel substitution in a conserved region implicated in translational fidelity. Given the involvement of the mitoribosomal accuracy centre in human sensorineural deafness by virtue of rRNA mutations, our results indicate that this fly mutant may be a useful animal model of this disorder, and earmark the gene for mt-rps12 as a candidate in human hearing impairment.


Assuntos
Núcleo Celular/genética , Proteínas Ribossômicas/genética , Células 3T3 , Alelos , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Clonagem Molecular , Drosophila melanogaster/genética , Humanos , Camundongos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Mutação , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos
17.
Plant Cell ; 7(1): 85-103, 1995 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7696881

RESUMO

A new family of three related cyclins has been identified in Arabidopsis by complementation of a yeast strain deficient in G1 cyclins. Individual members show tissue-specific expression and are conserved in other plant species. They form a distinctive group of plant cyclins, which we named delta-type cyclins to indicate their similarities with mammalian D-type cyclins. The sequence relationships between delta and D cyclins include the N-terminal sequence LXCXE. This motif was originally identified in certain viral oncoproteins and is strongly implicated in binding to the retinoblastoma protein pRb. By analogy to mammalian cyclin D, these plant homologs may mediate growth and phytohormonal signals into the plant cell cycle. In support of this hypothesis, we show that, on restimulation of suspension-cultured cells, cyclin delta 3 is rapidly induced by the plant growth regulator cytokinin and cyclin delta 2 is induced by carbon source.


Assuntos
Ciclinas/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Proteína do Retinoblastoma/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Arabidopsis , Sequência de Bases , Carbono/metabolismo , Sequência Conservada , Ciclinas/química , Ciclinas/isolamento & purificação , Teste de Complementação Genética , Humanos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/fisiologia , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Especificidade da Espécie
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