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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e247071, 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285609

RESUMO

Abstract The present study was conducted to evaluate the chemical composition, antioxidant activity and hypoglycemic effects of whole kumquat (Ku) powder in diabetic rats fed a high-fat-high-cholesterol (HFHC) diet. The antioxidant activities were evaluated using stable 1,1-diphenyl 2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging method, 2,2´-azinobis (3-ethyl benzo thiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) radical cation (ABTS) and Ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). Total phenolic content was (51.85 mg GAE/g) and total flavonoid content was (0.24 mg Cateachin Equivalent, CE/g). DPPH and ABTS values were 3.32 and 3.98 mg Trolox equivalent (TE)/g where FRAP value was 3.00 mM Fe2+/kg dry material. A total of 90 albino rats were used in the present study. Rats group were as follows: normal diet; normal treated (2, 4, and 6% Ku.), diabetic rats (non-treated), diabetic + HFHC diet (non-treated), HFHC (non-treated), Diabetic (treated), HFHC (treated) and Diabetic + HFHC (treated). The diets were followed for 8 weeks. Blood samples were collected at the end of the experiment. Serum glucose was recorded and thyroid hormones (T4, Thyroxine and T3, Triiodothyronine) were conducted. Diet supplemented with Kumquat at different concentrations have a hypoglycemic effect and improve the thyroid hormones of both diabetic rats and HFHC diabetic rats.


Resumo O presente estudo foi conduzido para avaliar a composição química, a atividade antioxidante e os efeitos hipoglicêmicos do pó de kumquat (Ku) em ratos diabéticos alimentados com uma dieta rica em gordura e colesterol (HFHC). As atividades antioxidantes foram avaliadas usando o método de eliminação de radicais livres de 1,1-difenil 2-picrilhidrazil (DPPH), 2,2'-azinobis (ácido 3-etilbenzotiazolina-6-sulfônico) radical cátion (ABTS) e antioxidante redutor férrico potência (FRAP). O conteúdo fenólico total foi (51,85 mg GAE / g) e o conteúdo total de flavonoides foi (0,24 mg Cateachin Equivalent, CE / g). Os valores de DPPH e ABTS foram 3,32 e 3,98 mg equivalente de Trolox (TE) / g, em que o valor de FRAP foi de 3,00 mM Fe2 + / kg de material seco. Um total de 90 ratos albinos foi usado ​​no presente estudo. O grupo dos ratos foi o seguinte: dieta normal: tratados normais (2, 4 e 6% Ku.), ratos diabéticos (não tratados), diabéticos + dieta HFHC (não tratados), HFHC (não tratados), diabéticos (tratados), HFHC (tratados) e diabéticos + HFHC (tratados). As dietas foram seguidas por 8 semanas. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas ao final do experimento. A glicose sérica foi registrada e os hormônios tireoidianos (T4, Tiroxina e T3, Triiodotironina) foram conduzidos. A dieta suplementada com kumquat em diferentes concentrações tem um efeito hipoglicêmico e melhora os hormônios tireoidianos tanto de ratos diabéticos quanto de ratos diabéticos com HFHC.

2.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e247071, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431915

RESUMO

The present study was conducted to evaluate the chemical composition, antioxidant activity and hypoglycemic effects of whole kumquat (Ku) powder in diabetic rats fed a high-fat-high-cholesterol (HFHC) diet. The antioxidant activities were evaluated using stable 1,1-diphenyl 2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging method, 2,2´-azinobis (3-ethyl benzo thiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) radical cation (ABTS) and Ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). Total phenolic content was (51.85 mg GAE/g) and total flavonoid content was (0.24 mg Cateachin Equivalent, CE/g). DPPH and ABTS values were 3.32 and 3.98 mg Trolox equivalent (TE)/g where FRAP value was 3.00 mM Fe2+/kg dry material. A total of 90 albino rats were used in the present study. Rats group were as follows: normal diet; normal treated (2, 4, and 6% Ku.), diabetic rats (non-treated), diabetic + HFHC diet (non-treated), HFHC (non-treated), Diabetic (treated), HFHC (treated) and Diabetic + HFHC (treated). The diets were followed for 8 weeks. Blood samples were collected at the end of the experiment. Serum glucose was recorded and thyroid hormones (T4, Thyroxine and T3, Triiodothyronine) were conducted. Diet supplemented with Kumquat at different concentrations have a hypoglycemic effect and improve the thyroid hormones of both diabetic rats and HFHC diabetic rats.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Rutaceae , Animais , Glicemia , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Frutas , Pós , Ratos , Hormônios Tireóideos
3.
Tex Heart Inst J ; 27(3): 240-5, 2000.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11093406

RESUMO

In women who have prosthetic heart valves, pregnancy is risky for mother and fetus. Heparin has been considered safer for the fetus than warfarin, but may not provide adequate anticoagulation for the mother. We examined prospectively gathered data from 100 pregnancies in 67 women with mechanical valves (age range, 19 to 45 years). A subgroup of 20 patients was compared with a control group of relatives and neighbors who conceived at similar ages. Fetal loss occurred in 44 of the 100 pregnancies, due to the following causes: spontaneous abortion (28), intrauterine fetal death (4), stillbirth (3), neonatal death (1), premature birth (2), Rh incompatibility (2), and maternal death (4). Age, parity, atrial fibrillation, and left ventricular enlargement did not affect the outcome. Tricuspid valve disease that required diuretics was associated with a higher rate of fetal loss (17 out of 23 pregnancies, versus 27 out of 77; p = 0.001), but did not affect the mother Of 66 pregnancies in which the mother was on heparin, 38 (576%) resulted in a healthy baby, compared with 18 out of 34 (52.9%) pregnancies in which the mother was on warfarin (p = NS). All thromboembolic complications occurred with heparin therapy (9 cases; p = 0.02). In the control group, fetal loss was 24 %, due exclusively to spontaneous abortion. Women with mechanical valves have higher rates of fetal loss and maternal complications. In our study, tricuspid valve disease adversely affected fetal outcome, which is a new finding that warrants further study. Warfarin was more effective than heparin in preventing thromboembolism in the mothers, and it did not show a significant impact on the babies.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Resultado da Gravidez , Adulto , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Morte Fetal/etiologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paridade , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Complicações Hematológicas na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Tromboembolia/prevenção & controle , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Varfarina/uso terapêutico
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