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1.
Theriogenology ; 90: 32-41, 2017 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28166985

RESUMO

The aims of this study were: (1) to evaluate the effect of different insulin concentrations, alone or in combination with either a fixed FSH concentration or increasing FSH concentrations on the in vitro culture of isolated caprine preantral follicles and (2) to analyze the efficiency of two IVM media and maturation culture systems (with or without coculture with in vivo grown oocytes) on the meiosis resumption. Secondary follicles were cultured for 18 days in a basic medium supplemented with low- or high-insulin concentration alone or with a fixed FSH concentration or with increasing FSH concentrations. Oocytes grown in vivo or in vitro were matured alone or cocultured. The high-insulin concentration associated with fixed FSH treatment had higher meiotic resumption rate (P < 0.05) and was the only treatment capable of producing oocytes in metaphase II. The rates of germinal vesicle, germinal vesicle breakdown, metaphase I, metaphase II (MII), meiotic resumption, and oocyte diameter were similar between the maturation media. In conclusion, a basic medium supplemented with 10-µg/mL insulin and 100-µg/mL FSH throughout the culture period improved meiotic resumption rate and produced MII oocytes from caprine preantral follicles cultured in vitro. The MII rate was similar between in vivo and in vitro grown oocytes ≥110 µm.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Cocultura/veterinária , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos/veterinária , Insulina/farmacologia , Oócitos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Meios de Cultura , Feminino , Cabras , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos/métodos , Meiose
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22436999

RESUMO

The chemical stability of magnetic particles is of great importance for their applications in medicine and biotechnology. The most challenging problem in physics of disordered systems of magnetic nanoparticles is the investigation of their dynamic properties. The chemical coprecipitation process was used to synthesize spherical magnetite nanoparticles of 14 nm. The as-prepared magnetite nanoparticles have been aged in the matrix. Magnetic properties and aging effect were studied by Mössbauer spectroscopy at temperatures ranging from 77 to 300 K, and X-ray diffraction. At room temperature, the Mössbauer spectrum showed superparamagnetic behavior of the particles, while well-defined sextets were observed at 77K, indicating a blocked regime. The superparamagnetic magnetite nanoparticles can be used as microbead biosensors.


Assuntos
Compostos Férricos/química , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Nanocompostos/química , Polímeros/química , Polímeros/síntese química , Espectroscopia de Mossbauer , Temperatura , Difração de Raios X
3.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 100: 94-100, 2013 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22465304

RESUMO

Iron oxide nanoparticles, probably magnetite, as-prepared and dispersed in Copaiba oil were studied by Mössbauer spectroscopy using two different spectrometers: with a low velocity resolution (512 channels) for measurements at 295 and 21K and with a high velocity resolution (4096 channels) for measurements at 295 and 90K. The fitting of all measured spectra demonstrated that usual models applied to fit Mössbauer spectra of magnetite and maghemite particles were not suitable. Therefore, the recorded spectra were fitted using a large number of spectral components on the basis of better quality of the fit and linearity of differential spectra. The number of components obtained for the better fit appeared to be different for spectra measured with a low and a high velocity resolution. However, these results demonstrated differences of Mössbauer parameters for iron oxide nanoparticles as-prepared and dispersed in Copaiba oil at applied temperatures. The effect of Copaiba oil molecules on Mössbauer parameters may be a result of the interactions of polar molecules such as kaurinic acid with nanoparticles' surface.


Assuntos
Óleos Vegetais/química , Espectroscopia de Mossbauer/métodos , Ácidos/química , Óxido Ferroso-Férrico/química , Nanopartículas/química , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Difração de Raios X
4.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 12(6): 4757-61, 2012 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22905527

RESUMO

This work was developed with an aqueous suspension of maghemite nanoparticles and colloidal emulsions with nanoparticles of magnetite. The nanoparticles were synthesized by co-precipitation method. The first was the magnetic emulsion nanoparticles of maghemite dispersed in the aqueous extract obtained from the leaf embauba (Cecropia Obtusifolia), whose tree is native to Central and South America. Thereby achieving the magnetic fluid extract embauba stabilized with ionic buffer solution pH 7.4. A second emulsion was prepared with colloidal magnetite nanoparticles with surfaces previously coated with oleic acid as a means of dispersing and using the oil extracted from in nature seed Andiroba (Carapa Guianensis), tree of the Brazilian Amazon. These new magnetic fluids the nanoparticles were characterized by Photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS) to determine the coating layer of molecules on the surfaces of nanoparticles. In aqueous ionic magnetic fluid Cecropia Obtusifolia (MFCO) chlorogenic acid contributes to the electron density in the presence of four groups alcohols, a ketone group and a carboxylic group. In magnetic fluid-based oil andiroba MFAD PAS spectra show that oleic acid molecules are tightly linked on the surface of the nanoparticles.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Compostos Férricos/química , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Compostos Orgânicos/química , Óleos Vegetais/síntese química , Soluções/síntese química , Campos Magnéticos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/ultraestrutura , Teste de Materiais
5.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 12(6): 4832-5, 2012 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22905537

RESUMO

Electrical characterization and magnetic nanocomposite resin seeds Pterodon emarginatus (PE) doped with nanoparticles of maghemite and treated by different chemical processes is reported in this paper. The pure PE resin showed semiconducting characteristics probably the presence of natural iron oxide in its molecular structure. The analysis of Mössbauer spectra pure resin showed two magnetic sites presented on measurements made at temperature of 300 K. Six "LEDs" to have been doped maghemite nanoparticles forming concentrations of 2.6 x 10(15) to 1.56 x 10(16) particles/cm2 forming the LED-PEMN. In the presence of the applied current versus voltage (0 to 0.9 V) LED-PEMN shown semiconducting properties. In the presence of frequency versus voltage sample of pure resin and LED features small decrease. While samples of LED-PEMN suffers loss frequency linearly with concentration and voltage. The pure PE resin shows high resistance to the applied voltage while the LED-PEMN is observed linear increase with the strength and concentration of nanoparticles of maghemite.


Assuntos
Resinas Acrílicas/química , Cristalização/métodos , Fabaceae/química , Compostos Férricos/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura , Sementes/química , Impedância Elétrica , Substâncias Macromoleculares/química , Teste de Materiais , Conformação Molecular , Tamanho da Partícula , Sementes/ultraestrutura , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
6.
Photomed Laser Surg ; 26(4): 315-21, 2008 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18637717

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aims of the present study were to investigate the effect of low-intensity laser irradiation on the total number of mast cells as well as the percentage of degranulation in human gingiva. Blood vessel dilation was also evaluated. BACKGROUND DATA: It has been proposed that low-intensity laser irradiation can ameliorate pain, swelling, and inflammation. In periodontal tissue, mast cells may influence either the destructive events or the defense mechanism against periodontal disease via secretion of cytokines and through cellular migration to improve the healing process. Mast cells play an important role in the inflammatory process. METHODS: Twenty patients with gingival enlargement indicated for gingivectomy were selected. Gingival fragments were obtained from each patient and divided into three different groups before surgery. One fragment was removed without any irradiation. The two others were submitted to punctual irradiation with an energy density of 8 J/cm(2) at an output power of 50 mW at 36 Hz for 36 sec before gingivectomy. Nondegranulated and degranulated mast cells were counted in five areas of the gingival fragment connective tissue. Major and minor diameters of the blood vessels were also measured. RESULTS: Both red and infrared radiation promoted a significant increase in mast cell degranulation compared to controls; however, no statistically significant differences (p > 0.05) were observed between the irradiated groups. No significant differences among the groups were observed regarding blood vessel size. CONCLUSION: The results suggests that red and infrared wavelengths promote mast cell degranulation in human gingival tissue, although no dilation of blood vessels was observed. The effects of premature degranulation of mast cells in human tissue and the laser radiation protocol applied in this study encourage further investigations to extend these results into clinical practice.


Assuntos
Degranulação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Gengiva/efeitos da radiação , Crescimento Excessivo da Gengiva/radioterapia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Mastócitos/efeitos da radiação , Adulto , Feminino , Gengiva/patologia , Gengiva/cirurgia , Crescimento Excessivo da Gengiva/cirurgia , Gengivectomia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vasodilatação/efeitos dos fármacos
7.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 8(5): 2684-7, 2008 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18572708

RESUMO

Room-temperature measurements of the magnetic susceptibility of Bovine Serum Albumin-based nanocapsules (50 to 300 nm in size) loaded with different amounts of maghemite nanoparticles (7.6 nm average diameter) have been carried out in this study. The field (H) dependence of the imaginary peak susceptibility (fp) of the nanocomposite samples was investigated in the range of 0 to 4 kOe. From the analysis of the fp x H curves the concentration (N) dependence of the effective maghemite magnetocrystalline energy barrier (E) was obtained. Analysis of the E x N data was performed using a modified Mørup-Tronc [Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3278 (1994)] model, from which a huge contribution from the magnetocrystalline surface anisotropy was observed.


Assuntos
Compostos Férricos/química , Nanopartículas , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Magnetismo , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura
8.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 13(4): 711-728, 2007. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-471135

RESUMO

This work succinctly describes the professional and scientific life of Dr. José R. Giglio, one of the most outstanding Brazilian researchers in the field of Toxinology. During his long and successful career, he has made major contributions, especially in elucidating the function, structure, and mechanisms of action of animal venom proteins (from snakes, scorpions and spiders) as well as the characterization of antibodies and several inhibitors of venoms and toxins. We present here a brief history of Dr. Giglio’s personal and professional life, also reporting some of his numerous published scientific articles on venoms from snakes (Bothrops, Crotalus, and other genera), scorpions (Tityus sp), spiders (Phoneutria sp), their isolated toxins and natural inhibitors. Thus, this work is a tribute to Dr. Giglio in his 73rd birthday, having devoted 48 years of his life studying animal venoms, an effort that has continued even after his formal retirement from university duties.


Assuntos
Animais Venenosos , Toxicologia/história , Venenos de Escorpião , Venenos de Aranha , Venenos de Serpentes/antagonistas & inibidores
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16511185

RESUMO

A new myotoxic Lys49-phospholipase A2 isolated from Bothrops moojeni snake venom has been crystallized. The crystals diffracted to 2.18 A resolution using a synchrotron-radiation source and belong to space group C2. The unit-cell parameters are a = 56.8, b = 125.0, c = 64.7 A, beta = 105.5 degrees. Preliminary analysis indicates the presence of four molecules in the asymmetric unit. This may suggest a new quaternary structure for this Lys49-phospholipase A2 in contrast to the dimeric and monomeric structures solved so far for this class of proteins.


Assuntos
Lisina/química , Fosfolipases A/química , Venenos de Serpentes/metabolismo , Animais , Cristalização , Cristalografia por Raios X , Difusão , Dimerização , Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida , Fosfolipases A2 do Grupo II , Focalização Isoelétrica , Conformação Proteica , Estrutura Quaternária de Proteína , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Proteínas de Répteis , Serpentes , Síncrotrons , Difração de Raios X
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