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Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(14): 4951-4958, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35916790


OBJECTIVE: In healthy adults, the short-term effects of sleep disruption include disorders of mood, impaired coping ability, deficits in cognition, and reduced quality of life. Increased physical activity may improve sleep duration and quality. The aim was to investigate the physical activity level and sleep quality and their relationship among a cohort of healthy females in Egypt. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, self-reported survey. 688 healthy young adult females aged 18-45 years without a prior history of chronic disease were recruited for this study. Demographic data as well as physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire) and sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) were collected. RESULTS: 73.5% reported poor sleep quality, which was worse for housewives. 50.4% of participants were either obese or overweight. Approximately 29.7% of the participants were physically inactive. High physical activity levels were associated with higher sleep efficiency compared to moderate physical activity (p=0.01). However, high physical activity resulted in poorer sleep quality overall (p=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The majority of participants reported poor sleep quality and high levels of physical activity, but the relationship between physical activity and sleep quality was not clear. Poor sleep quality in our study is one of, if not the highest, reported in the literature for a similar age range in females.

Qualidade de Vida , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Estudos Transversais , Egito , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Sono , Adulto Jovem
ScientificWorldJournal ; 2022: 3240918, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35655902


In this paper, some exact traveling wave solutions to the integrable Gardner equation are reported. The ansatz method is devoted for deriving some exact solutions in terms of Jacobi and Weierstrass elliptic functions. The obtained analytic solutions recover the solitary waves, shock waves, and cnoidal waves. Also, the relation between the Jacobi and Weierstrass elliptic functions is obtained. In the second part of this work, we derive some approximate analytic and numeric solutions to the nonintegrable forced damped Gardner equation. For the approximate analytic solutions, the ansatz method is considered. With respect to the numerical solutions, the evolution equation is solved using both the finite different method (FDM) and cubic B-splines method. A comparison between different approximations is reported.

PLoS One ; 16(9): e0254816, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582456


In this work two kinds of smooth (compactons or cnoidal waves and solitons) and nonsmooth (peakons) solutions to the general Degasperis-Procesi (gDP) equation and its family (Degasperis-Procesi (DP) equation, modified DP equation, Camassa-Holm (CH) equation, modified CH equation, Benjamin-Bona-Mahony (BBM) equation, etc.) are reported in detail using different techniques. The single and periodic peakons are investigated by studying the stability analysis of the gDP equation. The novel compacton solutions to the equations under consideration are derived in the form of Weierstrass elliptic function. Also, the periodicity of these solutions is obtained. The cnoidal wave solutions are obtained in the form of Jacobi elliptic functions. Moreover, both soliton and trigonometric solutions are covered as a special case for the cnoidal wave solutions. Finally, a new form for the peakon solution is derived in details. As an application to this study, the fluid basic equations of a collisionless unmagnetized non-Maxwellian plasma is reduced to the equation under consideration for studying several nonlinear structures in the plasma model.

Algoritmos , Simulação por Computador , Modelos Teóricos , Física/métodos , Gases em Plasma/química , Dinâmica não Linear
Chaos ; 30(5): 053117, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32491912


In this work, the dynamic mechanism scenario of nonlinear electrostatic structures (unmodulated and modulated waves) that can propagate in multi-ion plasmas with the mixture of sulfur hexafluoride and argon gas is reported. For this purpose, the fluid equations of the multi-ion plasma species are reduced to the evolution (nonplanar Gardner) equation using the reductive perturbation technique. Until now, it has been known that the solution of nonplanar Gardner equation is not possible and for stimulating our data, it will solve numerically. At that point, the present study is divided into two parts: the first one is analyzing planar and nonplanar Gardner equations using the Adomian decomposition method (ADM) for investigating the unmodulated structures such as solitary waves. Moreover, a comparison between the analytical and numerical simulation solutions for the planar Gardner equation is examined, showing how powerful the ADM is in finding solutions in the short domain as well as its fast convergence, i.e., the approximate solution is consistent with the analytical solution for the planar Gardner equation after a few iterations. Second, the modulated envelope structures such as freak waves (FWs) are investigated in the framework of the Gardner equation by transforming this equation to the nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLSE). Again, the ADM is used to solve the NLSE for studying FWs numerically. Furthermore, the effect of physical parameters of the plasma environment (e.g., Ar+-SF5 +-F--SF5 - plasma) on the characteristics of the nonlinear pulse profile is elaborated. These results help in a better understanding of the fundamental mechanisms of fluid physics governing the plasma processes.

Chaos ; 29(10): 103133, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675836


Three-dimensional (3D) modulational instability (MI) and ion-acoustic (IA) envelopes are studied in a quantized degenerate magnetoplasma, whose constituents are the trapped/untrapped electrons and anisotropic positive ions. By using quantum hydrodynamic equations and the multiscale reductive perturbation technique, a 3D nonlinear Schrödinger equation is derived to account for electron quantization and ion pressure anisotrophy effects. The potential excitations are shown stable (unstable) against the perturbations for Kc<0(Kc>0), where Kc is a critical parameter that accounts for the longitudinal (transverse) dispersion(s) and nonlinearity effects. Numerically, the nonlinear evolution of IA wavepackets into a 3D MI may be revealed in the ranges of low and high frequencies 0<ω≤0.05 and 0.75≤ω≤1.1. The quantizing magnetic field reduces (enhances) the group speed (wave frequency) of IA excitations, concentrating the wave energy to favor the modulational instability. Finite electronic temperature (viz.,Te≤10keV) enhances the untrapped electrons and significantly widens the instability domain Kc>0. The ionic pressure anisotropy increases the wave frequency (ω), piles up the harmonics under Kc>0, and give rise to modulational instability. The quantized magnetic field and anisotropic pressure reduce the amplitude and spatial extension of the IA rogons. This study is important for understanding the 3D MI and unstable excitations in degenerate plasmas, relevant to white dwarfs, neutron stars, and high-energy density experiments, where strong magnetic field quantizes the dynamics of trapped/untrapped electrons.