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1.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 56(1 Suppl 1): S48-50, 2006 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16689485

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of HIV, Hepatitis B (HBV) and Hepatitis C (HCV) amongst the health workers of Civil Hospital Karachi (CHK). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective study. A precoded Proforma was filled out which included questions regarding the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of HIV, HBV and HCV. SETTING: Departments of a tertiary health care facility at CHK. Antibodies to HIV, HCV and Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) were done using enzymes linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA]. RESULTS: Uptake of screening was 98% to those offered. The prevalence was 5.6% for antibodies to HCV, 2.4% for HBsAg, while none of those studied had antibodies to HIV. CONCLUSION: Our results show the prevalence of antibodies to HCV in health workers are 20 folds higher than health workers in the developed countries. Similarly, the prevalence of HBV although not as high as HCV is significant. Seroprevalence of HIV does not exist in this group. We need to ensure better training; regulations regarding preventive and safety measures also need to be enforced (JPMA 52:92; 2002).

2.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 52(3): 92-4, 2002 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12071075

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of HIV, Hepatitis B (HBV) and Hepatitis C (HCV) amongst the health workers of Civil Hospital Karachi (CHK). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective study. A precoded Proforma was filled out which included questions regarding the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of HIV, HBV and HCV. SETTING: Departments of a tertiary health care facility at CHK. Antibodies to HIV, HCV and Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) were done using enzymes linked immunabsorbant assay [ELISA]. RESULTS: Uptake of screening was 98% to those offered. The prevalence was 5-6% for antibodies to HCV, 2.4% for HBsAg, while none of those studied had antibodies to HIV. CONCLUSION: Our results show the prevalence of antibodies to HCV in health workers are 20 folds higher than health workers in the developed countries. Similarly, the prevalence of HBV although not as high as HCV is significant. Seroprevalence of HIV does not exist in this group. We need to ensure better training; regulations regarding preventive and safety measures also need to be enforced.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/transmissão , Hepatite B/transmissão , Hepatite C/transmissão , Hospitais Urbanos , Humanos , Masculino , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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