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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(4)2022 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35216416

RESUMO

Loss of active synapses and alterations in membrane lipids are crucial events in physiological aging as well as in neurodegenerative disorders. Both are related to the abnormal aggregation of amyloid-beta (Aß) species, generally known as amyloidosis. There are two major known human Aß species: Aß(1-40) and Aß(1-42). However, which of these species have more influence on active synapses and membrane lipids is still poorly understood. Additionally, the time-dependent effect of Aß species on alterations in membrane lipids of hippocampal neurones and glial cells remains unknown. Therefore, our study contributes to a better understanding of the role of Aß species in the loss of active synapses and the dysregulation of membrane lipids in vitro. We showed that Aß(1-40) or Aß(1-42) treatment influences membrane lipids before synaptic loss appears and that the loss of active synapses is not dependent on the Aß species. Our lipidomic data analysis showed early changes in specific lipid classes such as sphingolipid and glycerophospholipid neurones. Our results underscore the potential role of lipids as a possible early diagnostic biomarker in amyloidosis-related disorders.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Lipídeos de Membrana/metabolismo , Sinapses/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neurônios/metabolismo
2.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(6): 338, 2020 05 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32430539

RESUMO

The published version of this article, unfortunately, contains errors. Corrections in references were incorrectly carried out. Also, the reduction of graphene oxide was carried out between the potential of -1.5 and 0.5 V, instead of 0.5 and 1.5 V.

3.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(5): 288, 2020 04 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32333119

RESUMO

A label-free biosensor is developed for the determination of plasma-based Aß1-42 biomarker in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The platform is based on highly conductive dual-layer of graphene and electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (rGO). The modification of dual-layer with 1-pyrenebutyric acid N-hydroxysuccinimide ester (Pyr-NHS) is achieved to facilitate immobilization of H31L21 antibody. The effect of these modifications were studied with morphological, spectral and electrochemical techniques. The response of the biosensor was evaluated using differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). The data was acquired at a working potential of ~ 180 mV and a scan rate of 50 mV s-1. A low limit of detection (LOD) of 2.398 pM is achieved over a wide linear range from 11 pM to 55 nM. The biosensor exhibits excellent specificity over Aß1-40 and ApoE ε4 interfering species. Thus, it provides a viable tool for electrochemical determination of Aß1-42. Spiked human and mice plasmas were used for the successful validation of the sensing platform in bio-fluidic samples. The results obtained from mice plasma analysis concurred with the immunohistochemistry (IHC) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data obtained from brain analysis. Graphical abstract Schematic representation of the electrochemical system proposed for Aß1-42 determination: (a) modification of graphene screen-printed electrode (SPE) with monolayer graphene oxide (GO) followed by its electrochemical reduction generating graphene/reduced graphene oxide (rGO) dual-layer (b), modification of dual-layer with linker (c), Aß1-42 antibody (H31L21) (d), bovine serum albumin (BSA) (e) and Aß1-42 peptide (f).


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/sangue , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Grafite/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Animais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Humanos , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Oxirredução
4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(3)2019 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30743990

RESUMO

Neurodegenerative disorders affect around one billion people worldwide. They can arise from a combination of genomic, epigenomic, metabolic, and environmental factors. Aging is the leading risk factor for most chronic illnesses of old age, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. A progressive neurodegenerative process and neuroinflammation occur, and no current therapies can prevent, slow, or halt disease progression. To date, no novel disease-modifying therapies have been shown to provide significant benefit for patients who suffer from these devastating disorders. Therefore, early diagnosis and the discovery of new targets and novel therapies are of upmost importance. Neurodegenerative diseases, like in other age-related disorders, the progression of pathology begins many years before the onset of symptoms. Many efforts in this field have led to the conclusion that exits some similar events among these diseases that can explain why the aging brain is so vulnerable to suffer neurodegenerative diseases. This article reviews the current knowledge about these diseases by summarizing the most common features of major neurodegenerative disorders, their causes and consequences, and the proposed novel therapeutic approaches.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/terapia , Doença de Parkinson/terapia , Doença de Alzheimer/etiologia , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Encéfalo/patologia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Humanos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/etiologia , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/metabolismo , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/patologia , Doença de Parkinson/etiologia , Doença de Parkinson/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
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