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1.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 34(35)2022 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35724657

RESUMO

In this work, the structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of arsenene monolayer doped with germanium (Ge) and nitrogen (N) atoms are investigated using density functional theory calculations. Pristine monolayer is dynamically stable and it possesses a wide indirect band gap. Ge doping induces magnetic semiconductor (MS) nature generated by the semiconductor behavior in both spin channels with significant spin asymmetry around the Fermi level. The dopant produces mainly magnetic properties. Upon increasing the doping concentration, different doping configurations along armchair, zigzag edges, and hexagonal ring have been proposed. The MS nature is retained with an odd number of Ge atoms, meanwhile an eVen number leads to the disappearance of magnetism. In contrast, N doping induces a gap reduction of 11.80%, preserving the non-magnetic nature. At higher doping level, different electronic features including semiconductor, nearly semimetallic, and metallic natures are obtained depending on the doping concentration and configurations. In addition, the formation energy and cohesive energy are calculated to analyze the systems' stability. Our results show that different doping arrangements induce novel features in arsenene monolayer for applications in spintronic and optoelectronic devices.

2.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 24(4): 2209-2218, 2022 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35013741

RESUMO

Exploration of new half-metallic materials for spintronic applications has drawn great attention from researchers. In this work, we investigate the structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of the NaMgO3 perovskite in the bulk and (001) surface conformations. The results show the half-metallic nature of bulk NaMgO3 generated by insulator spin-up channels with a large band gap of 6.08 eV and metallic spin-down channels. A total magnetic moment of 3 (µB) is obtained, which is produced mainly by O atoms with a local magnetic moment of 0.94 (µB). Once the bulk is cleaved along the (001) direction, atomic relaxation takes place to reach an equilibrium, where all constituent atoms exhibit an inward movement. Interestingly, the half-metallicity is retained from the bulk to the (001) surface conformation. The effects of slab termination and thickness on the surface energy, stability, band edges, spin-up energy gaps, and magnetic anisotropy will be also analyzed in detail. The results presented herein introduce the NaMgO3 perovskite as a promising half-metallic material to generate spin current in spintronic devices.

3.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 33(35)2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34157695

RESUMO

We study optical absorption spectra of Xene and Xane (X = silic, german, stan). The results show that the optical absorption spectra of Xenes are dominated by a sharp peak near the origin due to direct interband transitions near theKpoint of the Brillouin zone. Meanwhile, the optical absorption spectra of Xanes are characterized by an excitonic peak. The Xenes are zero-gap materials with a Dirac cone at theKpoint, whereas Xanes are semiconductors with sizable band gaps. The quasiparticle band gaps of silicane, germanane, and stanane are 3.60, 2.21, and 1.35 eV, respectively; their exciton binding energies are 0.40, 0.33, and 0.20 eV, respectively.

4.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 33(32)2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34082415

RESUMO

In practice, modifying the fundamental properties of low-dimensional materials should be realized before incorporating them into nanoscale devices. In this paper, we systematically investigate the nitrogen (N) doping and oxygen vacancy (OV) effects on the electronic and magnetic properties of the beryllium oxide (BeO) monolayer using first-principles calculations. Pristine BeO single layer is a non-magnetic insulator with an indirectK-Γ gap of 5.300 eV. N doping induces a magnetic semiconductor nature, where the spin-up and spin-down band gaps depend on the dopant concentration and N-N separation. Creating one OV leads to the energy gap reduction of 31.06% with no spin-polarization, which is due to the abundant 2p electrons of the Be atoms nearest the OV site. The further increase to two OVs and varying the OV-OV distance affect the band gap values, however the spin independence is retained. The magnetic semiconducting behavior is also obtained by the simultaneous N doping and OV presence. Calculations reveal significant magnetization of the BeO@1N, BeO@2N-n, BeO@NOV-nsystems, which is produced mainly by the spin-up N-2p state. Except for the BeO@NOV-1 and BeO@NOV-2, whose magnetic properties are created by the spin-up 2p state of the Be atoms closest to the OV site. The variation of the N-N and N-OV distances keeps the ferromagnetic ordering in the BeO@2N and BeO@NOV layers. Results presented herein may propose efficient methods to artificially modify the physical properties of BeO monolayer, leading to the formation of novel two-dimensional (2D) materials for optoelectronic and spintronic applications.

5.
RSC Adv ; 11(56): 35614-35623, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35493147

RESUMO

Since the successful synthesis of the MoSSe monolayer, two-dimensional (2D) Janus materials have attracted huge attention from researchers. In this work, the MoSO monolayer with tunable electronic and magnetic properties is comprehensively investigated using first-principles calculations based on density functional theory (DFT). The pristine MoSO single layer is an indirect gap semiconductor with energy gap of 1.02(1.64) eV as predicted by the PBE(HSE06) functional. This gap feature can be efficiently modified by applying external strain presenting a decrease in its value upon switching the strain from compressive to tensile. In addition, the effects of vacancies and doping at Mo, S, and O sites on the electronic structure and magnetic properties are examined. Results reveal that Mo vacancies, and Al and Ga doping yield magnetic semiconductor 2D materials, where both spin states are semiconductors with significant spin-polarization at the vicinity of the Fermi level. In contrast, single S and O vacancies induce a considerable gap reduction of 52.89% and 58.78%, respectively. Doping the MoSO single layer with F and Cl at both S and O sites will form half-metallic 2D materials, whose band structures are generated by a metallic spin-up state and direct gap semiconductor spin-down state. Consequently, MoV, MoAl, MoGa, SF, SCl, OF, and OCl are magnetic systems, and the magnetism is produced mainly by the Mo transition metal that exhibits either ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic coupling. Our work may suggest the MoSO Janus monolayer as a prospective candidate for optoelectronic applications, as well as proposing an efficient approach to functionalize it to be employed in optoelectronic and spintronic devices.

6.
RSC Adv ; 11(14): 8033-8041, 2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35423300

RESUMO

Monolayer MoS2 has attracted much attention due to its high on/off current ratio, transparency, and suitability for optoelectronic devices. Surface doping by molecular adsorption has proven to be an effective method to facilitate the usage of MoS2. However, there are no works available to systematically clarify the effects of the adsorption of F4TCNQ, PTCDA, and tetracene on the electronic and optical properties of the material. Therefore, this work elucidated the problem by using density functional theory calculations. We found that the adsorption of F4TCNQ and PTCDA turns MoS2 into a p-type semiconductor, while the tetracene converts MoS2 into an n-type semiconductor. The occurrence of a new energy level in the conduction band for F4TCNQ and PTCDA and the valence band for tetracene reduces the bandgap of the monolayer MoS2. Besides, the MoS2/F4TCNQ and MoS2/PTCDA systems exhibit an auxiliary optical peak at the long wavelengths of 950 and 850 nm, respectively. Contrastingly, the MoS2/tetracene modifies the optical spectrum of the monolayer MoS2 only in the ultraviolet region. The findings are in good agreement with the experiments.

7.
RSC Adv ; 10(66): 40411-40420, 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35520824

RESUMO

In this paper, we present a detailed investigation of the structural, electronic, and optical properties of pristine, nitrogenated, and fluorinated MgO monolayers using ab initio calculations. The two dimensional (2D) material stability is confirmed by the phonon dispersion curves and binding energies. Full functionalization causes notable changes in the monolayer structure and slightly reduces the chemical stability. The simulations predict that the MgO single layer is an indirect semiconductor with an energy gap of 3.481 (4.693) eV as determined by the GGA-PBE (HSE06) functional. The electronic structure of the MgO monolayer exhibits high sensitivity to chemical functionalization. Specifically, nitrogenation induces metallization of the MgO monolayer, while an indirect-direct band gap transition and band gap reduction of 81.34 (59.96)% are achieved by means of fluorination. Consequently, the functionalized single layers display strong optical absorption in the infrared and visible regimes. The results suggest that full nitrogenation and fluorination may be a quite effective approach to enhance the optoelectronic properties of the MgO monolayer for application in nano-devices.

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