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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e232434, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153465

RESUMO

Abstract Many pathogenic strains have acquired multidrug-resistant patterns in recent a year, which poses a major public health concern. The growing need for effective antimicrobial agents as novel therapies against multidrug-resistant pathogens has drawn scientist attention toward nanotechnology. Silver nanoparticles are considered capable of killing multidrug-resistant isolates due to their oligo-dynamic effect on microorganisms. In this research study NPs were synthesized using the gram-positive bacteria Lactobacillus bulgaricus and its activity against selected pathogenic strains. Lactobacillus bulgaricus pure cultures were isolated from raw milk and grown in "De Man, Rogasa, and Sharp" broth for synthesis of nanoparticles. Lactobacillus bulgaricus culture was centrifuged and Cell- free supernatant of it was employed with aqueous silvery ions and evaluated their antibacterial activities against bacterial strains i.e. Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Salmonella typhi using agar well diffusion assay. Antibiotic profiling against selected pathogenic strains were also conducted using disc diffusion method. The synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles were monitored primarily by the conversion of the pale-yellow color of the mixture into a dark-brown color and via ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy and Scanning electron microscopy respectively. The result showed that that AgNPs with size (30.65-100 nm) obtained from Lactobacillus bulgaricus were found to exhibit antibacterial activities against selected bacterial strains. Taken together, these findings suggest that Lactobacillus bulgaricus has great potential for the production of AgNPs with antibacterial activities and highly effective in comparison to tested antibiotics.


Resumo Muitas cepas patogênicas adquiriram padrões multirresistentes nos últimos anos, o que representa um grande problema de saúde pública. A crescente necessidade de agentes antimicrobianos eficazes como novas terapias contra patógenos multirresistentes atraiu a atenção dos cientistas para a nanotecnologia. As nanopartículas de prata são consideradas capazes de matar isolados multirresistentes por causa de seu efeito oligodinâmico em microrganismos. Neste estudo de pesquisa, as NPs foram sintetizadas usando a bactéria Gram-positiva Lactobacillus bulgaricus e sua atividade contra cepas patogênicas selecionadas. Culturas puras de Lactobacillus bulgaricus foram isoladas do leite cru e cultivadas em caldo "De Man, Rogasa e Sharp" para síntese de nanopartículas. A cultura de Lactobacillus bulgaricus foi centrifugada, e o sobrenadante livre de células foi empregado com íons prateados aquosos, avaliando-se suas atividades antibacterianas contra cepas bacterianas, isto é, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis e Salmonella typhi usando ensaio de difusão em poço de ágar. O perfil de antibióticos contra cepas patogênicas selecionadas também foi conduzido usando o método de difusão em disco. A síntese e a caracterização das nanopartículas de prata foram monitoradas principalmente pela conversão da cor amarelo-pálida da mistura em uma cor marrom-escura e por espectroscopia de absorção visível e ultravioleta e por microscopia eletrônica de varredura, respectivamente. O resultado mostrou que AgNPs com tamanho de 30,65-100 nm, obtidas de Lactobacillus bulgaricus, exibiram atividades antibacterianas contra cepas bacterianas selecionadas. Tomados em conjunto, esses achados sugerem que o Lactobacillus bulgaricus tem um grande potencial para a produção de AgNPs com atividades antibacterianas e altamente eficazes em comparação aos antibióticos testados.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEXEXPRESS | ID: vti-762040

RESUMO

Abstract Many pathogenic strains have acquired multidrug-resistant patterns in recent a year, which poses a major public health concern. The growing need for effective antimicrobial agents as novel therapies against multidrug-resistant pathogens has drawn scientist attention toward nanotechnology. Silver nanoparticles are considered capable of killing multidrug-resistant isolates due to their oligo-dynamic effect on microorganisms. In this research study NPs were synthesized using the gram-positive bacteria Lactobacillus bulgaricus and its activity against selected pathogenic strains. Lactobacillus bulgaricus pure cultures were isolated from raw milk and grown in De Man, Rogasa, and Sharp broth for synthesis of nanoparticles. Lactobacillus bulgaricus culture was centrifuged and Cell- free supernatant of it was employed with aqueous silvery ions and evaluated their antibacterial activities against bacterial strains i.e. Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Salmonella typhi using agar well diffusion assay. Antibiotic profiling against selected pathogenic strains were also conducted using disc diffusion method. The synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles were monitored primarily by the conversion of the pale-yellow color of the mixture into a dark-brown color and via ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy and Scanning electron microscopy respectively. The result showed that that AgNPs with size (30.65-100 nm) obtained from Lactobacillus bulgaricus were found to exhibit antibacterial activities against selected bacterial strains. Taken together, these findings suggest that Lactobacillus bulgaricus has great potential for the production of AgNPs with antibacterial activities and highly effective in comparison to tested antibiotics.


Resumo Muitas cepas patogênicas adquiriram padrões multirresistentes nos últimos anos, o que representa um grande problema de saúde pública. A crescente necessidade de agentes antimicrobianos eficazes como novas terapias contra patógenos multirresistentes atraiu a atenção dos cientistas para a nanotecnologia. As nanopartículas de prata são consideradas capazes de matar isolados multirresistentes por causa de seu efeito oligodinâmico em microrganismos. Neste estudo de pesquisa, as NPs foram sintetizadas usando a bactéria Gram-positiva Lactobacillus bulgaricus e sua atividade contra cepas patogênicas selecionadas. Culturas puras de Lactobacillus bulgaricus foram isoladas do leite cru e cultivadas em caldo De Man, Rogasa e Sharp para síntese de nanopartículas. A cultura de Lactobacillus bulgaricus foi centrifugada, e o sobrenadante livre de células foi empregado com íons prateados aquosos, avaliando-se suas atividades antibacterianas contra cepas bacterianas, isto é, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis e Salmonella typhi usando ensaio de difusão em poço de ágar. O perfil de antibióticos contra cepas patogênicas selecionadas também foi conduzido usando o método de difusão em disco. A síntese e a caracterização das nanopartículas de prata foram monitoradas principalmente pela conversão da cor amarelo-pálida da mistura em uma cor marrom-escura e por espectroscopia de absorção visível e ultravioleta e por microscopia eletrônica de varredura, respectivamente. O resultado mostrou que AgNPs com tamanho de 30,65-100 nm, obtidas de Lactobacillus bulgaricus, exibiram atividades antibacterianas contra cepas bacterianas selecionadas. Tomados em conjunto, esses achados sugerem que o Lactobacillus bulgaricus tem um grande potencial para a produção de AgNPs com atividades antibacterianas e altamente eficazes em comparação aos antibióticos testados.

3.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(22): 6844-6852, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34859847

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the biological role of miR-4282 in influencing metastasis of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) by regulating MIER1. PATIENTS AND METHODS: MiR-4282 expressions in 45 cases of EOC specimens and normal controls were detected by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). The relationship between miR-4282 and clinical features in EOC patients, including pathological indicators and overall survival, was analyzed. After intervening miR-4282 level in SKOV3 and 3AO cells by plasmid transfection, changes in migratory and invasive abilities were determined by transwell assay and wound healing assay. The target gene of miR-4282 was observed by Dual-Luciferase reporter assay, followed by exploration of its involvement in EOC progression via rescue experiments. RESULTS: MiR-4282 was downregulated in EOC specimens than normal controls. EOC patients expressing low level of miR-4282 had higher incidences of lymphatic metastasis and distant metastasis, as well as worse prognosis than those overexpressing miR-4282. Overexpression of miR-4282 in SKOV3 cells weakened metastatic ability, and conversely, knockdown of miR-4282 in 3AO cells yielded the promotive trends. MIER1 was confirmed to be the target gene binding miR-4282, which was highly expressed in EOC specimens. MIER1 was able to reverse the regulatory effect of miR-4282 on EOC cell metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: Lowly expressed miR-4282 in EOC specimens is closely linked to the incidence of metastasis and overall survival. MiR-4282 prevents EOC metastasis by a negative regulation on MIER1.

4.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(12): 1055-1058, 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856665

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the phenomenon of epileptic spasms (ES) and focal seizures (FS) in a single ictal event (FS-ES phenomenon) and to study the etiology, manifestations, and prognosis of this phenomenon. Methods: The data of the 15 neonates who had ES and FS in a single ictal event, according to video-electroencephalography (VEEG) recording in Department of Neonatology of Children's Hospital of Fudan University during the period of January 2018 to December 2019, was analyzed retrospectively. Results: Of the 15 neonates, 7 were male and 8 were female. Gestational age was 39 (32-42) weeks. Birth weight was 3 100 (1 825-3 850) g. The initial onset age of convulsions was 2 (1-10) days. The age of the first discovery of FS-ES phenomenon was 25 (14-32) days. The age of seizure-free was 7(1-27) months. All of the initial seizure types were FS. The FS-ES phenomenon of 15 patients started with FS. The FS-ES phenomenon manifested in 2 forms: FS followed by ES (12 cases), ES appeared during an FS without interrupting FS (2 cases). In 1 neonate the spasm occurred in both forms. The etiology included genetic factors (9 cases), intracranial infection (1 case), abnormal brain tissue structure (2 cases), and etiology was unknown in 3 cases. All the neonates had a poor prognosis except one. Conclusions: The FS-ES phenomenon in the neonatal period starts with FS. There are various etiologies. Etiologies of most patients are genetic factors. Most of the patients have a poor prognosis.

5.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(12): 1059-1064, 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856666

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics of SYNGAP1-related epilepsy in children. Methods: Data of 13 patients with SYNGAP1 gene variants diagnosed with epilepsy at Department of Neurology, Beijing Children's Hospital were collected retrospectively from March 2017 to October 2020 and the patients were followed up. The clinical features, electroencephalogram(EEG), brain imaging, gene results and treatment were summarized. Results: Twelve patients were followed up successfully among the 13 patients with SYNGAP1 variants. The last follow-up age was 5 years and 7 months (3 years and 1 month to 9 years).The onset age of seizures was 2 years (4 months to 3 years). Seizure types included eyelid myoclonia with or without absence (9 cases), myoclonic seizure (5 cases), atypical absence (4 cases), suspicious atonic seizures(4 cases),unclassified fall attack (6 cases), and the frequency of seizures varied from several times to more than 100 times per day. Four cases had the mimic phenotype of myoclonic astatic epilepsy. The seizures of 10 cases could be triggered by eating (5 cases), emotion (5 cases), fever (3 cases), voice (2 cases), fatigue (2 cases), etc. Electroencephalography (10 cases) showed interictal generalized or focal epileptiform discharges (9 cases), and atypical aphasia (4 cases), myoclonic seizure (2 cases) and eyelid myoclonic seizure (1 case) were monitored. Of the 12 cases, 9 were added with valproate, all of which were effective (the frequency of seizures reduced>50%). Five cases received combined levetiracetam, in 3 the treatments were effective. To last follow-up, 3 cases were seizure free from 6 months to 1 year and 1 month, but the remaining 7 cases still had seizures, one or several times per day. All 13 cases had developmental retardation (speech ability impaired mostly), 2 cases were severe, 10 cases were moderate, 1 case was mild. The SYNGAP1 gene variants of 13 patients were all de novo, including 12 variants. Among them, 4 were frameshift variants, 4 were nonsense variants, 2 were missense variants and 2 were splice site variants. Conclusions: Patients with SYNGAP1-related epilepsy have an early onset age and many seizure types. The main seizure type is eyelid myoclonia with or without absence, and other seizure types include myoclonic seizure, atypical absence, unclassified fall attack, etc. Valproate is effective in most patients, but seizures in some patients might be intractable. Most patients have developmental delay (mainly moderate and severe), speech ability impaired mostly.

7.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6496, 2021 11 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764250

RESUMO

The lack of animal models for some human diseases precludes our understanding of disease mechanisms and our ability to test prospective therapies in vivo. Generation of kidney organoids from Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) patient-derived-hiPSCs allows us to recapitulate a rare kidney tumor called angiomyolipoma (AML). Organoids derived from TSC2-/- hiPSCs but not from isogenic TSC2+/- or TSC2+/+ hiPSCs share a common transcriptional signature and a myomelanocytic cell phenotype with kidney AMLs, and develop epithelial cysts, replicating two major TSC-associated kidney lesions driven by genetic mechanisms that cannot be consistently recapitulated with transgenic mice. Transplantation of multiple TSC2-/- renal organoids into the kidneys of immunodeficient rats allows us to model AML in vivo for the study of tumor mechanisms, and to test the efficacy of rapamycin-loaded nanoparticles as an approach to rapidly ablate AMLs. Collectively, our experimental approaches represent an innovative and scalable tissue-bioengineering strategy for modeling rare kidney disease in vivo.

8.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(10): 807-813, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788919

RESUMO

Objective: To elucidate the clinical characteristics of bloodstream infection in patients with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in our hospital and improves the survival of transplant patients with bloodstream infection. Methods: Two hundred and ten patients with allo-HSCT from the Department of Hematology were retrospectively analyzed between October 2014 and September 2019. Pathogen distribution, drug resistance, risk factors, and outcomes were investigated in 49 allo-HSCT patients with bloodstream infections. Results: Forty-nine of 210 patients with allo-HSCT had bloodstream infection, and 59 pathogenic microorganisms were identified, mainly Gram-negative bacteria (67.8%) , of which E. coli had the highest incidence (23.7%) , CRO accounted for 42.5%, and Grampositive bacteria accounted for 23.7% (without vancomycin or linezolid-resistant strain) . Additionally, fungi accounted for 8.5%. Univariate analysis suggested that the risk factors of bloodstream infection were gender, pretransplant disease status, and conditioning regimen. In contrast, multivariate analysis showed that bloodstream infection was mainly related to conditioning regimens. Further grouping results showed that 77.6% of patients with neutropenia had bloodstream infections, and 22.4% of patients with non-neutropenia had bloodstream infections; 81.0% of patients with active infections before transplantation had bloodstream infections, while bloodstream infection occurred in 16.9% of patients without active infection. Survival analysis showed that long-term survival of patients with bloodstream infection is shorter than that of patients without bloodstream infection and long-term survival of patients with CRO infection is shorter than that of patients without CRO infection. The survival of patients with neutropenia longer than 14 d is shorter than that of patients with neutropenia shorter than 14 d. Furthermore, there is no correlation between whether there is an active infection before transplantation and whether they are in a neutropenic state at the time of infection and survival. Conclusion: Our results suggest that effective prevention of bloodstream infections from drug-resistant bacteria, particularly CRO, shortening the duration of neutropenia, eradication of potential infections before transplantation, and patient-adaptive conditioning could reduce transplant-related mortality and improve prognosis.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Sepse , Bactérias , Resistência a Medicamentos , Escherichia coli , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
9.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(11): 1177-1182, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794220

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the correlation between UGT1A1 polymorphisms and the irinotecan plus S-1 regimen-induced toxicities in Chinese advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients. Methods: A total of 46 recurrent or metastatic ESCC patients selected from ESWN 01 trial were randomly assigned to irinotecan plus S-1 group [intravenous infusion of irinotecan (160 mg/m(2)) on day 1 and oral S-1 (80-120 mg) on days 1-10, repeated every 14 days]. Peripheral venous blood at baseline was collected and genomic DNA was extracted. The genetic polymorphisms of UGT1A1*6 and UGT1A1*28 were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification. Irinotecan plus S-1 regimen-induced toxicities of patients with different UGT1A1 polymorphisms were observed. The correlation between UGT1A1 polymorphisms and the adverse effects was analyzed. Results: Among the 46 patients, the numbers of UGT1A1*6 wild type genotype (GG), mutant heterozygote (GA) and mutant homozygote (AA) were 30, 15 and 1, while those with UGT1A1*28 wild type genotype (TA6/6), mutant heterozygote (TA6/7) and mutant homozygote (TA7/7) were 36, 8 and 2, respectively. Only one patient with UGT1A1*6 AA genotype occurred grade 3 diarrhea, while one of the 2 patients with UGT1A1*28 TA7/7 genotype occurred grade 4 diarrhea. No neutropenia was observed in the patient with UGT1A1*6 AA genotype, however, both of the two patients with UGT1A1*28 TA7/7 genotype occurred grade 3-4 neutropenia. Patients with UGT1A1*28 genetic polymorphism (TA 6/7 or TA7/7) had a higher response rate compared with wild-type TA6/6 carriers. (55.6% versus 26.5%). Conclusions: The homozygous genotype of UGT1A1*6 AA and UGT1A1*28 TA7/7 are rare (<5%) in Chinese ESCC population. Not all homozygous AA and TA7/7 carriers occur severe dose limited toxicities (DLT) when treated with irinotecan (160 mg/m(2)) plus S-1 regimen for 2 weeks. However, it's still necessary torigorously observe the occurrence of severe diarrhea and neutropenia in patients with UGT1A1*6 AA and UGT1A1*28 TA7/7 and adjust the dose timely.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Camptotecina/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Genótipo , Glucuronosiltransferase/genética , Humanos , Irinotecano/efeitos adversos , Polimorfismo Genético , Estudos Prospectivos
10.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(11): 1054-1060, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794257

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical effects of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) in treating the poor healing of incisions after different abdominal operations. Methods: The retrospective observational study was conducted. From June 2019 to December 2020, 42 patients with poor healing of incisions after abdominal surgery were admitted to Center of Burns and Trauma of the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University, including 29 males and 13 females, aged 23-81 years. The disease course of poor healing of abdominal incision was 3-60 d. The preoperative examination of patients was completed after admission, and NPWT was used after debridement. According to the dehiscence level of incision, the negative pressure value of -10.64 to -6.65 kPa was set. The incisions were sutured in the second stage when the incisions had good blood circulation. The cause of abdominal surgery, the dehiscence level and the cause of poor healing of abdominal incision were investigated, and the final healing of abdominal incision and the occurrence of complication were observed. Results: The causes of abdominal operations in this group of patients who ocurred poor healing of abdominal incisions were ranked according to the composition ratio, with the top 4 causes being colon cancer (9 cases, accounting for 21.4%), bile duct disease (8 cases, accounting for 19.0%), liver cancer (5 cases, accounting for 11.9%), and appendicitis (4 cases, accounting for 9.5%). There were 25 cases (59.5%) with dehiscence of abdominal incision in the deep fascia layer, and the other 17 cases (40.5%) with dehiscence of abdominal incision in the superficial fascia layer. The causes of poor healing of abdominal incision were ranked according to the composition ratio, with the top 3 causes being infection (24 cases, accounting for 57.1%), fat liquefaction (11 cases, accounting for 26.2%), and suture reaction (5 cases, accounting for 11.9%). The blood circulation in 40 patients was improved after being treated with NPWT, and the incisions were sutured in the second stage. The incisions healed well when the suture lines were removed in the second to third week. Intestinal fistula and bile leakage developed during the NPWT treatment, respectively in the other 2 patients, in which negative pressure equipment was removed subsequently, and the incisions healed after adequate drainage and conventional dressing changes. Conclusions: NPWT is effective in treating poor healing of abdominal incision after different abdominal surgeries. The clinicians need to comprehensively assess the patient's condition to determine when and how to use NPWT to avoid the occurrence of intestinal fistula, bile leakage, and other complications.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Tratamento de Ferimentos com Pressão Negativa , Ferida Cirúrgica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ferida Cirúrgica/terapia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica , Cicatrização
11.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(11): 1099-1104, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794263

RESUMO

Stitching skin wounds is one of the essential skills of a surgeon. Whether it is a traumatic wound or a surgical incision, choosing the most appropriate closure technique according to its characteristics is an important factor for good healing. Various skin wounds suturing techniques have been created and improved over the years, which have advantages of simple operation, precise alignment, reducing tension of the wound edges, and reducing scar formation, etc. Although these techniques provide more options for wound suture, they also put forward requirements for the judgment and operation ability of the operators. This article summarizes the advantages and disadvantages of the different skin wounds suturing techniques and their clinical application.


Assuntos
Lesões dos Tecidos Moles , Técnicas de Sutura , Cicatriz/patologia , Cicatriz/prevenção & controle , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Humanos , Suturas , Cicatrização
12.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 51(5): 302-306, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794270

RESUMO

The Medical Theory (Yi Shuo) and The Mengqiu of Famous Medical Doctors in the Past Dynasties (Li Dai Ming Yi Meng Qiu) are two medical books that originated in the Song Dynasty. The two books quoted from The List of Medical Doctors (Ming Yi Lu) many times while the author and the issue time of The List of Medical Doctors (Ming Yi Lu) has not been clearly known up to know. It was found that there were 25 quotations in The Medical Theory (Yi Shuo) and 31 quotations in The Mengqiu of Famous Medical Doctors in the Past Dynasties (Li Dai Ming Yi Meng Qiu) from The List of Medical Doctors (Ming Yi Lu). The contents quoted in the two books are also found in The Mysterious Medical List (Shen Mi Ming Yi Lu) written by Dang Yongnian in the Song Dynasty. In this sense, it can be inferred that The List of Medical Doctors (Ming Yi Lu) mentioned above should be The Mysterious Medical List (Shen Mi Ming Yi Lu).


Assuntos
Livros , Médicos , China , Humanos , Redação
14.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(6): 1086-1091, 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814512

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the immunogenicity and safety of a boost dose of measles, mumps, and rubella combined vaccine (MMR) for children 4 to 6 years old. Methods: Children, aged 4 to 6 years old, had vaccinated with 1 dose of measles and rubella combined vaccine(MR) at the age of 8 months and 1 dose of MMR vaccine at 18-months, were recruited in Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, and Beijing, respectively. All children were assigned into 4, 5 and 6-year-old group. The children who met inclusion and exclusion criteria were vaccinated with 1 dose MMR vaccine, and were collected blood samples before vaccination and 35 to 42 d after the vaccination. During the study period, adverse events were collected at 30 min, 1 d, 2 d, 3 d, 4-12 d, and 13 to 42 days after vaccination. Serum was tested for IgG antibodies against measles, mumps and rubella. Geometric mean concentrations (GMC) of measles, mumps, and rubella antibodies were compared among groups by analysis of variance or non-parametric test. Seropositive rates and adverse event rates were compared among groups by Chi-square test or Fisher exact test. Results: A total of 500 children were included in immunogenicity analysis and 535 children were included in safety analysis. The overall adverse event rate was 20.37%, the most of severity for adverse events was mild. The rates of local and systemic adverse events were 0.37% and 20.00%, respectively. Symptoms of local adverse events were redness. The main systemic adverse events were fever, followed by cough, rash and runny nose. Received a dose of MMR vaccine for booster immunization, the seropositive rates of measles antibody, mumps antibody and rubella antibody were above 99% for all 3 age groups, and there was no significant difference between groups. There were significant differences in mumps antibody GMC among groups (P=0.042), but no significant differences in measles and rubella antibodies GMC. Conclusion: The immunogenicity and safety of a boosted MMR vaccintion in children aged 4, 5 and 6 years were all similar good.


Assuntos
Sarampo , Caxumba , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão) , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Sarampo/prevenção & controle , Vacina contra Sarampo-Caxumba-Rubéola/efeitos adversos , Caxumba/prevenção & controle , Vírus da Caxumba , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/prevenção & controle
15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(44): 3620-3624, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823277

RESUMO

In the past, people summarized and invented a series of surgical procedures for the treatment of colorectal cancer after continuous thinking and exploration. Some of these surgical procedures, such as Miles, Dixon, and Hartmann procedures, are considered to be classic and still in use today. In general, the surgical development has gone through roughly four stages: palliative surgery, radical surgery, extended radical surgery, and tumor functional surgery. As far as the surgical procedure of colorectal surgery is concerned, it mainly includes five elements: surgical approach, intestinal segment resection, degree of lymph node dissection, digestive tract reconstruction, and specimen removal. Only by fully understanding the five elements of surgical procedures and seeking for variables from them can innovation be achieved and benefit patients. This article will discuss the evolution of colorectal surgery according to development of medicine and surgery. "Taking history as a mirror, we can know the rise and fall." Only by correctly understanding history can we objectively understand the nature of things and the laws of their development. This is true for humans, and it is true for medicine.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Cirurgia Colorretal , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo
16.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(11): 1008-1014, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823302

RESUMO

Objective: Most patients with asymptomatic colorectal diverticulosis are easily overlooked. However, some of diverticulosis become diverticulitis, bleeding and even perforation, which cause extensive harm to patients. The purpose of this study is to analyze the incidence, clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of colorectal diverticulosis in order to improve the clinical understanding of diverticulosis and its related complications. Methods: A descriptive cohort study was carried out. Clinical data of 554 patients with colorectal diverticulosis confirmed by CT, colonoscopy, digestive tract radiography or operation in Peking University First Hospital from January 2009 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with malignant tumors, autoimmune diseases, long term use of immunosuppressive drugs, chronic liver diseases and renal diseases, and mental disorders were excluded. The analysis parameters included gender, onset age, clinical symptoms, location of diverticulitis, treatment and prognosis. According to the criteria established by the World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES), acute diverticulitis was divided into 5 stages based on the extension of the infectious process. Stage 0 was simple diverticulitis and stage 1-4 was complicated diverticulitis. Results: Among the 554 patients with colorectal diverticulosis, 358 (64.6%) were males, the median onset age was 63 years; 191 patients (34.5%) had various digestive symptoms, of whom 113 (20.4%) had chronic constipation and abdominal distension, 78 (14.1%) had chronic diarrhea and abdominal pain; the other 363 patients had no obvious abdominal symptoms. Four hundred and six patients were found by colonoscopy and 465 patients were found by CT. Twenty-five patients were diagnosed by lower gastrointestinal tract radiography and 3 were confirmed during operation. There were 339 patients with multiple diverticula (61.2%) and 215 patients with single diverticulum (38.8%). 76.5% (424/554) of diverticula were located in colon, 37.0% (205/554) in ascending colon, 21.3% (118/554) in multiple sites, and 2.2% (12/554) in rectum. The median diameter of diverticulum was 7 mm, and 78 cases (14.1%) was ≥30 mm. Forty-nine patients (8.8%) developed acute diverticulitis, including 13 patients with simple diverticulitis and 36 patients with complicated diverticulitis. Among 36 patients with complicated diverticulitis, 29 (80.6%) were males, 27 (75.0%) had recurrent abdominal pain and fever before onset; diverticula of 25 cases were located in sigmoid colon; 11 cases in ascending colon. Nine cases developed sigmoid colon perforation and 8 cases developed vesicocolonic fistula, and these 17 patients underwent surgical treatment. The other 19 cases with complicated diverticulitis developed gastrointestinal bleeding, of whom 18 cases were male, 11 cases were located in ascending colon; 13 cases were healed after conservative treatment, 4 cases received endoscopic hemostatic intervention, and 2 cases underwent surgery. Conclusions: Colorectal diverticulosis is more common in male patients, and CT and colonoscopy are main diagnostic methods. The symptoms of complicated colonic diverticulitis are related to the location of diverticulum. In addition to symptomatic treatment, surgical procedures are the most important treatments.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Doença Diverticular do Colo , Divertículo , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(40): 3329-3337, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758534

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effect and possible mechanism of circ_0023990 on the radiosensitivity of thyroid cancer cells. Methods: qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of circ_0023990 in the cancer tissues of 55 patients with thyroid cancer and thyroid cancer cell lines (TPC-1, KTC-1, FTC-133 and CAL-62), and the relationship between the expression of circ_0023990 in cancer tissues and the clinical characteristics of the patients were analyzed. Thyroid cancer cells TPC-1 and KTC-1 were divided into sh-circ_0023990 group, sh-NC group, sh-circ_0023990+anti-miR-873-5p group, sh-circ_0023990+anti-miR-NC group, miR-873-5p group, miR-NC group, miR-873-5p+pcDNA-ANXA2 group and miR-873-5p+pcDNA group, and then clone formation experiment was used to detect cell radiosensitivity. After each group of cells was irradiated with 4Gy radiation, the expression of γH2AX protein in the cells was detected by Western Blot. The dual luciferase reporter gene experiment verified the targeting relationship between circ_0023990 and miR-873-5p or miR-873-5p and ANXA2. Results: The expression of circ_0023990 in thyroid cancer tissues was higher than that in normal tissues (2.15±0.09 vs. 0.97±0.05, P<0.05), and its expression was closely related to tumor size, lymph node metastasis and TNM staging of patients with thyroid cancer (P<0.05). The expression of circ_0023990 in thyroid cancer cell lines (TPC-1, KTC-1, FTC-133 and CAL-62) were higher than that of normal thyroid cells HTori-3 (3.16±0.38, 2.63±0.28, 1.82±0.24, 1.71±0.22 vs. 1.00±0.10, all P<0.05). The survival scores of TPC-1 and KTC-1 cells in the sh-circ_0023990 group were significantly lower than those in the sh-NC group (P<0.05), and the sensitization ratios were 2.482, 1.643; The survival scores of TPC-1 and KTC-1 cells in the sh-circ_0023990+anti-miR-873-5p group were higher than those in the sh-circ_0023990+anti-miR-NC group (P<0.05), and the sensitization ratios were 0.305, 0.441, respectively. The survival scores of TPC-1 and KTC-1 cells in the miR-873-5p group were lower than those in the miR-NC group (P<0.05), and the sensitization ratios were 2.044, 1.653 respectively. The survival scores of TPC-1 and KTC-1 cells in the miR-873-5p+pcDNA-ANXA2 group was higher than that in the miR-873-5p+pcDNA group (P<0.05), and the sensitization ratios were 0.496, 0.686, respectively. The expression of γH2AX protein in TPC-1 and KTC-1 cells of the 4 Gy+sh-circ_0023990 group were higher than that in the 4 Gy+sh-NC group (2.68±0.27 vs. 1.87±0.25, 2.46±0.19 vs. 1.77±0.14; all P<0.05), but the expression of γH2AX protein in TPC-1 and KTC-1 cells of the 4 Gy+sh-circ_0023990+anti-miR-873-5p group were lower than that in the 4 Gy+sh-circ_0023990+anti-miR-NC group (1.13±0.09 vs. 1.69±0.09, 1.11±0.08 vs. 1.60±0.08; both P<0.05). The expression of γH2AX protein in TPC-1 and KTC-1 cells in the 4 Gy+miR-873-5p group were higher than that in the 4 Gy+miR-NC group (2.35±0.16 vs. 1.84±0.14, 2.26±0.12 vs. 1.77±0.13; both P<0.05), but the expression of γH2AX protein in TPC-1 and KTC-1 cells of the 4 Gy+miR-873-5p+pcDNA-ANXA2 group were lower than that in the 4 Gy+miR-873-5p+pcDNA group (1.96±0.12 vs. 2.41±0.12, 1.92±0.07 vs. 2.28±0.12; both P<0.05). circ_0023990 targeted the negative regulation of miR-873-5p, and ANXA2 was the target gene of miR-873-5p. Conclusion: circ_0023990 was highly expressed in thyroid cancer tissues and cell lines, and it may promote the radiotherapy resistance of thyroid cancer cells in vivo through regulating miR-873-5p/ANXA2 axis.


Assuntos
Anexina A2 , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Tolerância a Radiação/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética
18.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(41): 3380-3385, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758540

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics, treatment strategies and prognosis of rolandic and perirolandic drug-resistant epilepsies (DREs). Methods: The clinical data of 53 patients diagnosed with rolandic or perirolandic DRE who were admitted to Epilepsy Center, Sanbo Brain Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2008 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into resective therapy group and non-resective therapy group [bipolar electrocoagulation on cortex, stereotactic electroencephalography (SEEG)-guided radiofrequency thermocoagulation, and vagus nerve stimulation]. The outcomes of epilepsy and post-surgical limb function were compared and analyzed. Results: A total of 53 patients were included, aged from 3 to 45 years old [(19±11) years], with 33 males and 20 females. Thirty patients received resective therapy and 23 patients received non-resective therapy. The curative effect of the resective therapy group was significantly better than that of the non-resective therapy group. The rate of Engel Ⅰ in resective therapy group was higher than that of non-resective group [83.3% (25/30) vs 39.1% (9/23), P=0.011). Compared with the non-resective group, the incidence of muscle strength decline in the resective group was higher both at 1 week [73.3% (22/30) vs 21.7% (5/23), P=0.006] and 3 months [30% (9/30) vs 0, P=0.016] after surgery. Conclusions: During the diagnosis and treatment, the multimodal method is conducive to the qualitative and localized diagnosis of the rolandic or perirolandic epilepsy, while SEEG has important value in the diagnosis, functional localization and treatment of the disease. Resective therapy is still the most effective method to terminate epilepsy, but it has a higher risk of post-surgical dysfunction.


Assuntos
Epilepsias Parciais , Epilepsia , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Eletroencefalografia , Epilepsias Parciais/cirurgia , Epilepsia/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Técnicas Estereotáxicas , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(8): 1341-1346, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814551

RESUMO

Objective: To fit and predict the trend of COVID-19 epidemics in the United States (USA) and the United Kingdom (UK), and analyze the effect of vaccination. Methods: Based on the SEIR dynamic model, considering the presymptomatic infections, isolation measures, vaccine vaccination coverage, etc., we developed a SEIR with vaccine inoculation, Presymptomatic infectious, unconfirmed infectious, hospital isolation and domiciliary isolation dynamics model. The publicly released incidence data of COVID-19 from November 6, 2020 to January 31, 2021 in USA and from November 23, 2020 to January 31, 2021 in UK were used to fit the model and the publicly released incidence data of COVID-19 from February 1, 2021 to April 1 were used to evaluate the predicting power of the model by software R 4.0.3 and predict changes in the daily new cases in the context of different vaccination coverage. Results: According to the cumulative confirmed cases, the fitting bias and the predicting bias of the SVEPIUHDR model for USA and UK were less than 5%, respectively. From the model prediction results, the cumulative cases after COVID-19 vaccination in USA in early April reached 31 864 970. If there had not had such vaccination, the cumulative cases of COVID-19 would have reached to 35 317 082, with a gap of more than 3.4 million cases. In UK, the cumulative cases of COVID-19 after the vaccination was estimated to be 4 195 538 in early April, compared with 4 268 786 cases if no COVID-19 vaccination had been provided, there would have heen a gap of more than 70 000 cases. Conclusion: SVEPIUHDR model shows a good prediction effect on the epidemic of COVID-19 in both USA and UK.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Epidemias , Vacinas , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
20.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(8): 1360-1364, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814554

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the contamination status of SARS-CoV-2 in imported frozen seafood from a Russia cargo ship in Qingdao and to analyze the risk factors for infection in local stevedores. Methods: The method of "two-stage, full coverage and mixed sampling" was used to collect the seafood packaging samples for the nucleic acid detection of SARS-CoV-2 by real-time fluorescent quantitative RT-PCR. A unified questionnaire was designed to investigate 71 stevedores in two shifts through telephone interview. The stevedores were divided into two groups, with 23 in the shit with two infections was group A and 48 in the shift without infection was group B. Software Epi Info7.2 was used to identify the risk factors for SARS-CoV-2 infections in the stevedores. Results: In the frozen seafood from a Russia cargo ship, the total positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid in the frozen seafood was 11.53% (106/919). The positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid in the frozen seafood unloaded by group A (14.29%,70/490) was significantly higher than that in the frozen seafood unloaded by group B (8.39%,36/429)(χ2=7.79,P=0.01) and the viral loads detected in the frozen seafood unloaded by group A were higher than those detected in the frozen seafood unloaded by group B. The scores of personal protection and behaviors in the stevedores in group A were significantly lower than those in group B (P<0.05), and toilet use, smoking and improper hand washing before meals were the risk factors for the infection. Conclusions: The imported frozen seafood was contaminated by SARS-CoV-2 and the contamination distribution was uneven. Supervision and management of personal occupational protection and behaviors of workers engaged in imported frozen food transportation should be strengthened. It is suggested that a closed-loop monitoring and management system for the whole process of "fishing-transport- loading/unloading" should be established by marine fishery authority.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Alimentos Marinhos , Navios
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