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1.
Science ; 375(6584): 1011-1016, 2022 03 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35143255

RESUMO

The Hayabusa2 spacecraft investigated the C-type (carbonaceous) asteroid (162173) Ryugu. The mission performed two landing operations to collect samples of surface and subsurface material, the latter exposed by an artificial impact. We present images of the second touchdown site, finding that ejecta from the impact crater was present at the sample location. Surface pebbles at both landing sites show morphological variations ranging from rugged to smooth, similar to Ryugu's boulders, and shapes from quasi-spherical to flattened. The samples were returned to Earth on 6 December 2020. We describe the morphology of >5 grams of returned pebbles and sand. Their diverse color, shape, and structure are consistent with the observed materials of Ryugu; we conclude that they are a representative sample of the asteroid.

3.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 42(8): 1403-1409, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34016589

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Adult patients with ischemic Moyamoya disease are advised to undergo selective revascularization surgery based on cerebral hemodynamics. The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of arterial spin-labeling MR imaging using Hadamard-encoded multiple postlabeling delays for the detection of reduced CBF in such patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-seven patients underwent brain perfusion SPECT and pseudocontinuous arterial spin-labeling MR imaging using standard postlabeling delay (1525 ms) and Hadamard-encoded multiple postlabeling delays. For Hadamard-encoded multiple postlabeling delays, based on data obtained from the 7 sub-boluses with combinations of different labeling durations and postlabeling delays, CBF corrected by the arterial transit time was calculated on a voxel-by-voxel basis. Using a 3D stereotaxic template, we automatically placed ROIs in the ipsilateral cerebellar hemisphere and 5 MCA territories in the symptomatic cerebral hemisphere; then, the ratio of the MCA to cerebellar ROI was calculated. RESULTS: The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for detecting reduced SPECT-CBF ratios (<0.686) was significantly greater for the Hadamard-encoded multiple postlabeling delays-CBF ratios (0.885) than for the standard postlabeling delay-CBF ratios (0.786) (P = .001). The sensitivity and negative predictive value for the Hadamard-encoded multiple postlabeling delays-CBF ratios were 100% (95% confidence interval, 100%-100%) and significantly higher than the sensitivity (95% CI, 44%-80%) and negative predictive value (95% CI, 88%-97%) for the standard postlabeling delay-CBF ratio, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: ASL MR imaging using Hadamard-encoded multiple postlabeling delays may be applicable as a screening tool because it can detect reduced CBF on brain perfusion SPECT with 100% sensitivity and a 100% negative predictive value in adult patients with ischemic Moyamoya disease.


Assuntos
Doença de Moyamoya , Adulto , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Doença de Moyamoya/diagnóstico por imagem , Marcadores de Spin
4.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 42(1): 132-137, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intracranial hemorrhage due to hyperperfusion syndrome is a severe carotid artery stent placement complication of extremely high-grade stenosis, causing hemodynamic insufficiency. To prevent hyperperfusion syndrome, we attempted intentional residual stent stenosis and implemented "gentle" carotid artery stent placement, defined as carotid artery stent placement using a closed-cell stent coupled with slight balloon predilation, without balloon postdilation. Gradual stent expansion was expected. We investigated the incidence of hyperperfusion syndrome and long-term outcomes after gentle carotid artery stent placement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included patients who underwent carotid artery stent placement for extremely high-grade stenosis from January 2015 to March 2019. We defined extremely high-grade stenosis as carotid stenosis with conventional angiographic "slow flow" and a reduced MCA signal intensity on MRA. A reduced MCA signal intensity was defined as MCA with a relative signal intensity of <0.9 in the ipsilateral compared with the contralateral MCA. We evaluated the stent diameter, CBF on SPECT, hyperperfusion syndrome, and intracranial hemorrhage. We defined hyperperfusion syndrome as a triad of ipsilateral headache, seizure, and hemiparesis. RESULTS: Twenty-eight of the 191 patients met our inclusion criteria. After carotid artery stent placement, their median minimal stent diameter was 2.9 mm, which expanded to 3.9 mm at 4 months. Neither cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome nor intracranial hemorrhage occurred. CONCLUSIONS: The gentle carotid artery stent placement strategy for intentional residual stent stenosis may prevent hyperperfusion syndrome in high-risk patients. Stents spontaneously dilated in 4 months.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Revascularização Cerebral/métodos , Hemorragias Intracranianas/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Stents/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artéria Carótida Interna/patologia , Artéria Carótida Interna/cirurgia , Estenose das Carótidas/patologia , Angiografia Cerebral/métodos , Revascularização Cerebral/efeitos adversos , Revascularização Cerebral/instrumentação , Estudos de Coortes , Constrição Patológica/cirurgia , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Hemorragias Intracranianas/etiologia , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Síndrome , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/métodos
5.
Science ; 368(6491): 654-659, 2020 05 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381723

RESUMO

The near-Earth asteroid (162173) Ryugu is thought to be a primitive carbonaceous object that contains hydrated minerals and organic molecules. We report sample collection from Ryugu's surface by the Hayabusa2 spacecraft on 21 February 2019. Touchdown images and global observations of surface colors are used to investigate the stratigraphy of the surface around the sample location and across Ryugu. Latitudinal color variations suggest the reddening of exposed surface material by solar heating and/or space weathering. Immediately after touchdown, Hayabusa2's thrusters disturbed dark, fine grains that originate from the redder materials. The stratigraphic relationship between identified craters and the redder material indicates that surface reddening occurred over a short period of time. We suggest that Ryugu previously experienced an orbital excursion near the Sun.

6.
Science ; 368(6486): 67-71, 2020 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32193363

RESUMO

The Hayabusa2 spacecraft investigated the small asteroid Ryugu, which has a rubble-pile structure. We describe an impact experiment on Ryugu using Hayabusa2's Small Carry-on Impactor. The impact produced an artificial crater with a diameter >10 meters, which has a semicircular shape, an elevated rim, and a central pit. Images of the impact and resulting ejecta were recorded by the Deployable CAMera 3 for >8 minutes, showing the growth of an ejecta curtain (the outer edge of the ejecta) and deposition of ejecta onto the surface. The ejecta curtain was asymmetric and heterogeneous and it never fully detached from the surface. The crater formed in the gravity-dominated regime; in other words, crater growth was limited by gravity not surface strength. We discuss implications for Ryugu's surface age.

7.
Science ; 364(6437): 252, 2019 04 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30890587

RESUMO

The near-Earth carbonaceous asteroid 162173 Ryugu is thought to have been produced from a parent body that contained water ice and organic molecules. The Hayabusa2 spacecraft has obtained global multicolor images of Ryugu. Geomorphological features present include a circum-equatorial ridge, east-west dichotomy, high boulder abundances across the entire surface, and impact craters. Age estimates from the craters indicate a resurfacing age of [Formula: see text] years for the top 1-meter layer. Ryugu is among the darkest known bodies in the Solar System. The high abundance and spectral properties of boulders are consistent with moderately dehydrated materials, analogous to thermally metamorphosed meteorites found on Earth. The general uniformity in color across Ryugu's surface supports partial dehydration due to internal heating of the asteroid's parent body.

8.
Science ; 364(6437): 272-275, 2019 04 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30890589

RESUMO

The near-Earth asteroid 162173 Ryugu, the target of the Hayabusa2 sample-return mission, is thought to be a primitive carbonaceous object. We report reflectance spectra of Ryugu's surface acquired with the Near-Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) on Hayabusa2, to provide direct measurements of the surface composition and geological context for the returned samples. A weak, narrow absorption feature centered at 2.72 micrometers was detected across the entire observed surface, indicating that hydroxyl (OH)-bearing minerals are ubiquitous there. The intensity of the OH feature and low albedo are similar to thermally and/or shock-metamorphosed carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. There are few variations in the OH-band position, which is consistent with Ryugu being a compositionally homogeneous rubble-pile object generated from impact fragments of an undifferentiated aqueously altered parent body.

9.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 90(12): 123109, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893766

RESUMO

Ultrahigh-repetition-rate (1.1 GHz), deep-ultraviolet coherent light at 208.8 nm is generated by applying an external Fabry-Pérot cavity for repetition-rate multiplication to the fourth harmonics of a 10-ps, mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser. Its small pulse energy minimizes the unwanted space charge effect, while its high repetition rate drastically reduces the acquisition time in high-energy resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy using hemispherical electron analyzers. The absence of the space charge effect in the photoemission spectrum near the Fermi edge of polycrystalline Au at 8 K demonstrates this idea.

10.
Clin Radiol ; 74(1): 51-58, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29627067

RESUMO

Despite advances, challenges remain for less invasive imaging of peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) using computed tomography (CT) angiography. The application of dual-energy imaging to PAOD has been reported to improve the diagnostic accuracy of this application; however, severe arteriosclerosis with heavy arterial wall calcification still hampers definitive lesion characterisation, especially in distal and smaller arteries. Recently an ultra-high resolution scanner has been introduced. In combination with advances in post-processing, such as subtraction techniques, these developments may overcome some of the current challenges and allow far more detailed characterisation of PAOD non-invasively. The aim of this review is to describe our current experience with ultra-high resolution CT in combination with subtraction and discuss the potential advantages of their application for peripheral angiography.


Assuntos
Angiografia Digital/métodos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Intensificação de Imagem Radiográfica/métodos , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos
11.
Poult Sci ; 98(2): 717-721, 2019 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30295833

RESUMO

Small hepatocytes have hepatocyte-like characteristics and high proliferation activity. Most small hepatocyte studies report on in vitro rat or human hepatocytes. Only a few studies of small hepatocytes after bile duct ligation have been reported, and none of these have focused on these cells in birds. In this study, small hepatocytes appearing in bile duct ligation chicken liver were examined using the morphological method with histological, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural studies. Nine Boris Brown hens (over 744-d old) were used. In all chickens, both the common hepatoenteric duct and hepatocystic duct were ligated, and the livers were examined 1, 4, 6, 9, and 13 weeks after bile duct ligation. Histologically, the small cells were half the size of normal liver cells, and mitotic figures were often observed. The nuclei showed two forms: large and small. Many small cells were negative for periodic acid-Schiff stain, but positive cells were rarely observed. The cells existed in colonies on the side of the sinusoid of the hepatic lamina. Immunohistochemically, the small cells with large nuclei were strongly positive for CD44, albumin and proliferation cell nuclear antigen, and the cells with small nuclei were weakly positive. In the CD44-positive cell colony, negative cells were often observed to have mature hepatocyte-like morphology. Moreover, many of the cells were PAN cytokeratin negative. Ultrastructurally, the small cells had more nuclei with rich heterochromatin, poor cytoplasmic organelles, and narrow cytoplasm with a high electron density than mature hepatocytes. Moreover, cells having a middle ultrastructural characteristic existed between the small cells and mature hepatocytes. The small hepatocellular colony of the chicken appeared as a regeneration-related change in the liver after bile duct ligation. The cell had high cell proliferation activity and morphological, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural characteristics similar to those of the mammalian small hepatocyte, as well as a similar progenitor cell.


Assuntos
Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Hepatócitos/citologia , Ligadura/veterinária , Animais , Galinhas , Feminino , Hepatócitos/ultraestrutura , Fígado/citologia
12.
Vet J ; 240: 1-5, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30268325

RESUMO

Dystocia adversely affects the health of calves and their dams. The aim of this study was to determine whether the ventral tail base surface temperature (ST) could be used to predict calving time in dairy cows. Pregnant Holstein cows were enrolled during the warm season (daily average air temperature 10-20°C; n=13) and cool season (daily average air temperature<10°C; n=22) in Hokkaido, Japan, and a wearable wireless ST sensor was attached to the surface of the ventral tail base of each cow 9-12days before the predicted calving date. The ventral tail base ST was measured every 2min until 24h after calving. Hourly maximum ventral tail base ST values were used in the analysis and changes in ventral tail base ST were expressed as residual temperatures (RTs) to exclude any circadian effects using the formula: RT=actual ST-mean ST for the same hour on the previous 3 days. In both seasons, there was a continual decrease in ventral tail base RT from approximately 24h before calving compared with the control ventral tail base RT from 120 to 97h before calving. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC-AUCs) for ventral tail base RT as a predictor of calving were 0.88-0.95. ROC-AUCs as a predictor of calving within 24h were higher in the warm season than in the cool season. These findings demonstrate that calving time in dairy cows can be predicted by monitoring ventral tail base ST with a wearable wireless sensor, but seasonal variability affects the accuracy of prediction of calving time.


Assuntos
Temperatura Corporal , Indústria de Laticínios/métodos , Parto/fisiologia , Cauda , Animais , Bovinos , Feminino , Japão , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Gravidez , Estações do Ano
13.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 89(2): 023111, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29495866

RESUMO

Newly designed Lyman-alpha absorption cells for imaging hydrogen planetary corona were characterized using an ultra high resolution Fourier transform spectrometer installed on the DESIRS (Dichroïsme Et Spectroscopie par Interaction avec le Rayonnement Synchrotron) beamline of Synchrotron SOLEIL in France. The early absorption cell installed in the Japanese Mars orbiter NOZOMI launched in 1998 had not been sufficiently optimized due to its short development time. The new absorption cells are equipped with the ability to change various parameters, such as filament shape, applied power, H2 gas pressure, and geometrical configuration. We found that the optical thickness of the new absorption cell was ∼4 times higher than the earlier one at the center wavelength of Lyman-alpha absorption, by optimizing the condition to promote thermal dissociation of H2 molecules into two H atoms on a hot tungsten filament. The Doppler temperature of planetary coronas could be determined with an accuracy better than 100 K with the performance of the newly developed absorption cell.

14.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 52(10): 1390-1398, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28714944

RESUMO

HLA 1-locus-mismatched unrelated donors (1MMUD) have been used in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT) for patients who lack an HLA-matched donor. We retrospectively analyzed 3313 patients with acute leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome who underwent bone marrow transplantation from an HLA allele-matched unrelated donor (MUD) or 1MMUD between 2009 and 2014. We compared the outcomes of MUD (n=2089) and 1MMUD with antithymocyte globulin (ATG) (1MM-ATG(+); n=109) with those of 1MMUD without ATG (1MM-ATG(-); n=1115). The median total dose of ATG (thymoglobulin) was 2.5 mg/kg (range 1.0-11.0 mg/kg) in the 1MM-ATG(+) group. The rates of grade III-IV acute GvHD, non-relapse mortality (NRM) and overall mortality were significantly lower in the MUD group than in the 1MM-ATG(-) group (hazard ratio (HR) 0.77, P=0.016; HR 0.74; P<0.001; and HR 0.87, P=0.020, respectively). Likewise, the rates of grade III-IV acute GVHD, NRM and overall mortality were significantly lower in the 1MM-ATG(+) group than in the 1MM-ATG(-) group (HR 0.42, P=0.035; HR 0.35, P<0.001; and HR 0.71, P=0.042, respectively). The outcome of allo-HCT from 1MM-ATG(-) was inferior to that of allo-HCT from MUD even in the recent cohort. However, the negative impact of 1MMUD disappeared with the use of low-dose ATG without increasing the risk of relapse.


Assuntos
Soro Antilinfocitário/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Seleção do Doador , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Antígenos HLA , Neoplasias Hematológicas , Doadores não Relacionados , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Soro Antilinfocitário/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
Anim Reprod Sci ; 164: 40-6, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26642748

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the viability of vitrified-warmed in vivo-derived pig embryos after measuring the oxygen consumption rate. Six days after artificial insemination, blastocysts were collected from gilts and vitrified by the micro volume air cooling method. The oxygen consumption rate was measured in 60 vitrified-warmed embryos, which were then cultured for 48h to assess the viability. The survival (re-expansion) rate of embryos after warming was 85.0%. The average oxygen consumption rate of embryos immediately after warming was greater in embryos which could re-expand during subsequent culture (F=0.75±0.04) than that in those which failed to re-expand (F=0.33±0.05). Moreover, the oxygen consumption rate of vitrified-warmed embryos was greater in the hatched (F=0.88±0.06) than that in the not-hatched group (F=0.53±0.04). When the oxygen consumption rate of the vitrified-warmed embryos and the numbers of viable and dead cells in embryos were determined, there was a positive correlation between the oxygen consumption rate and the number of live cells (P<0.01, r=0.538). A total of 29 vitrified embryos after warming and measuring the oxygen consumption rate were surgically transferred into uterine horns of two recipients. Both of the recipients become pregnant and farrowed 12 healthy piglets. These results demonstrate that the oxygen consumption rate of vitrified-warmed pig embryos can be related to the number of live cells and that the measurement of oxygen consumption of embryos after cryopreservation may be useful for estimating embryo survivability.


Assuntos
Transferência Embrionária/veterinária , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Suínos/embriologia , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/veterinária , Vitrificação , Animais , Técnicas de Cultura Embrionária/veterinária , Feminino , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez
16.
Cell Death Differ ; 22(8): 1260-74, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25571974

RESUMO

Axonal transport is critical for neuronal development and function, and defective axonal transport has been implicated in neurodegenerative diseases. However, how axonal transport is regulated, or how defective transport leads to neuronal degeneration, remains unclear. Here, we report that c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK)/stress-activated protein kinase-associated protein 1 (JSAP1, also known as JNK-interacting protein 3 (JIP3)) and JNK-associated leucine zipper protein (JLP) are essential for postnatal brain development. Mice with a double-knockout (dKO) in Jsap1 and Jlp in the dorsal telencephalon developed progressive neuron loss. Using a primary neuron culture system with induced disruption of targeted genes, combined with gene rescue experiments, we show that JSAP1 and JLP regulate kinesin-1-dependent axonal transport with functional redundancy. We also show that the binding of JSAP1 and JLP to kinesin-1 heavy chain is crucial for interactions between kinesin-1 and microtubules. Furthermore, we describe a molecular mechanism by which defective kinesin-1-dependent axonal transport in Jsap1:Jlp dKO neurons causes axonal degeneration and subsequent neuronal death. JNK hyperactivation because of increased intra-axonal Ca(2+) in the Jsap1:Jlp dKO neurons was found to mediate both the axonal degeneration and neuronal death, in cooperation with the Ca(2+)-dependent protease calpain. Our results indicate that axonal JNK may relocate to the nucleus in a dynein-dependent manner, where it activates the transcription factor c-Jun, resulting in neuronal death. Taken together, our data establish JSAP1 and JLP as positive regulators of kinesin-1-dependent axonal transport, which prevents neuronal degeneration.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Transporte Axonal/fisiologia , Axônios/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Neurônios/citologia , Neurônios/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Animais , Transporte Axonal/genética , Axônios/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética
17.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis ; 34(2): 261-6, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25142803

RESUMO

Reports have detailed the increasing use of spinal instrumentation in the treatment of pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis, with the aims of achieving a lower pseudoarthrosis rate and restoring spinal alignment. However, controversy remains over the use of instrumentation in the presence of active infection because of concerns about increased bacterial adherence and biofilm formation on the metallic implant surface. Fourteen consecutive patients were followed who were diagnosed as having pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis and underwent surgery with spinal instrumentation with iodine-containing surfaces that could be directly supported to existing titanium implants. Bone-cage interfaces and implant-related complications after surgery were evaluated. The white blood cell (WBC) count and C-reactive protein (CRP) level were analyzed during the follow-up period. To confirm the influence of iodine release from the implant, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free triiodothyronine (FT3), and free thyroxine (FT4) were also examined. The infection subsided in all 14 patients. Both WBC counts and CRP levels returned to normal ranges by the final follow-up. One patient showed a lucent area around the screw and two patients showed lucencies inside the cage. However, no cage dislocations, cage migrations, or screw pull-outs were noted, and all patients' FT3, FT4, and TSH levels were within normal ranges during the follow-up period. We demonstrated the efficacy of iodine-supported titanium implants in the management of pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis. No cytotoxicity or adverse effects were noted in this series.


Assuntos
Iodo/uso terapêutico , Osteomielite/cirurgia , Próteses e Implantes , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/prevenção & controle , Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Titânio/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteomielite/microbiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/microbiologia , Coluna Vertebral/microbiologia , Supuração
18.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 37(2): 208-16, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24915801

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pentra MS CRP is a new automated hematology analyzer that can rapidly and reliably provide 5-part differential of leukocytes (5-Diff) and C-reactive protein (CRP) within approximately 3.5 min using a small volume of whole blood (35 µL). METHODS: We evaluated the basic performance of Pentra MS CRP and correlations with Sysmex XN-3000, manual microscopic count, and Hitachi LABOSPECT. RESULTS: Pentra MS CRP demonstrated good repeatability and linearity without any significant carryover for all parameters examined (WBC, RBC, HGB, Hct, PLT, 5-Diff, and CRP). Complete blood cell count (CBC) data examined by Pentra MS CRP correlated well with those evaluated by Sysmex XN-3000 (R ≥ 0.9880). Absolute number of NEU, LYM, and EOS also showed the good correlation (R ≥ 0.9866) between the two analyzers. The correlation with the manual microscopic count was within acceptable criteria. Furthermore, when CRP was examined in hemolyzed whole blood by Pentra MS CRP and converted to plasma concentrations according to Hct, it correlated well (R = 0.9964) with serum CRP examined by Hitachi LABOSPECT. CONCLUSION: Pentra MS CRP is a convenient and reliable analyzer especially in the emergency unit of hospitals in which the prompt and simultaneous measurement of CBC including 5-Diff and CRP is often necessary.


Assuntos
Automação , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas/métodos , Proteína C-Reativa , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas/instrumentação , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas/normas , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
19.
Theriogenology ; 83(1): 14-20, 2015 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25294748

RESUMO

Oxygen consumption rate of in vivo-derived porcine embryos was measured, and its value as an objective method for the assessment of embryo quality was evaluated. Embryos were surgically collected 5 or 6 days after artificial insemination (AI), and oxygen consumption rate of embryos was measured using an embryo respirometer. The average oxygen consumption rate (F × 10(14)/mol s(-1)) of the embryos that developed to the compacted morula stage on Day 5 (Day 0 = the day of artificial insemination) was 0.58 ± 0.03 (mean ± standard error of the mean). The Day-6 embryos had consumption rates of 0.56 ± 0.13, 0.87 ± 0.06, and 1.13 ± 0.07 at the early blastocyst, blastocyst, and expanded blastocyst stages, respectively, showing a gradual increase as the embryos developed. Just after collection, the average oxygen consumption rates of embryos that hatched and of those that did not hatch after culture were 0.60 ± 0.04 and 0.50 ± 0.04 for Day 5 (P = 0.08) and 1.05 ± 0.09 and 0.77 ± 0.05 for Day 6 (P < 0.05), respectively. The value and probability of discrimination by measuring the oxygen consumption rates of embryos to predict their hatching ability after culture were 0.56 and 63.6% for Day-5 embryos and 0.91 and 68.4% for Day-6 blastocysts, respectively. When Day-5 embryos were classified based on the oxygen consumption rate and then transferred non-surgically to recipient sows, three of the seven sows, to which embryos having a high oxygen consumption rate (≥ 0.59) were transferred, became pregnant and farrowed a total of 20 piglets. However, none of the four sows, to which embryos having low oxygen consumption rate (< 0.59) were transferred, became pregnant. These results suggest that the viability of in vivo-derived porcine embryos and subsequent development can be estimated by measuring the oxygen consumption rate.


Assuntos
Embrião de Mamíferos/fisiologia , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/fisiologia , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Suínos/embriologia , Animais , Transferência Embrionária/veterinária , Feminino , Gravidez
20.
Bone Joint J ; 96-B(12): 1693-8, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25452375

RESUMO

Total en bloc spondylectomy (TES) is the total resection of a vertebra containing a tumour. Many authors have investigated patient-reported outcomes after routine spinal surgery and surgery for tumours in general. However, this is the first report of patient-reported outcomes, including health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and satisfaction, after en bloc vertebral resection for a spinal tumour. Of the 54 patients who underwent TES for a primary tumour between 1993 and 2010, 19 died and four were lost to follow-up. In January 2012, a questionnaire was sent to the 31 surviving patients. This included the short form-36 to assess HRQoL and questions about the current condition of their disease, activities of daily living (ADL) and surgery. The response rate was high at 83.9% (26/31 patients). We found that most patients were satisfied and maintained good performance of their ADLs. The mental health status and social roles of the HRQoL scores were nearly equivalent to those of healthy individuals, regardless of the time since surgery. There was significant impairment of physical health in the early post-operative years, but this usually returned to normal approximately three years after surgery.


Assuntos
Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia , Atividades Cotidianas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Tumor de Células Gigantes do Osso/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Satisfação do Paciente , Inquéritos e Questionários
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