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1.
J Food Biochem ; : e14214, 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35510379

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the major cause of global chronic hepatic injury, has obtained increasing attention while the current drug treatment still laid safety hazards. Major royal jelly proteins (MRJPs), the water-soluble proteins enriched in royal jelly (RJ), were applied to study its effects on improving NAFLD in the NAFLD mouse model. Herein, we demonstrated that intaking of 250-500 mg/kg/day MRJPs significantly decreased the rate of obesity, dyslipidemia, hepatic steatosis, and insulin resistance. Next, TOF to MRM ("TM") widely targeted metabolomics (untargeted metabolomics + widely targeted metabolomics) was further used to explore the potential mechanism, and we found that 500 mg/kg MRJPs alleviated lipid metabolism, oxidative stress, and inflammation mainly by regulating the metabolisms of alpha-linolenic acid, linoleic acid, arachidonic acid, and biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids. Moreover, by detecting multiple oxidative stress factors and inflammatory cytokines, we found that MRJPs indeed exerted antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Together, we demonstrated that MRJPs could mediate the progress of NAFLD through the "multi-component-multi-target-multi-pathway" mechanism, which could be considered as an ideal functional food in alleviating NAFLD. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Royal jelly (RJ) is a bee product with high nutritional value. Major royal jelly proteins (MRJPs) are water-soluble proteins in RJ. Our research showed that MRJPs significantly ameliorated NAFLD induced by a high-fat diet in mice, suggesting that MRJPs could be used as an active ingredient to help improve NAFLD, which was beneficial for the development of related functional foods and the economic value of RJ. Moreover, the metabolic pathways involved in the ameliorative effect of MRJPs were investigated, which provided new ideas for the prevention and treatment of NAFLD.

2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 7132, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35504941

RESUMO

Quantum computers have already shown significant potential to solve specific problems more efficiently than conventional supercomputers. A major challenge towards noisy intermediate-scale quantum computing is characterizing and reducing the various control costs. Quantum programming describes the process of quantum computation as a sequence, whose elements are selected from a finite set of universal quantum gates. Quantum compilation translates quantum programs to ordered pulses to the quantum control devices subsequently and quantum compilation optimization provides a high-level solution to reduce the control cost efficiently. Here, we propose a high-performance compilation strategy for multiplexing quantum control architecture. For representative benchmarks, the utilization efficiency of control devices increased by 49.44% on average in our work, with an acceptable circuit depth expansion executing on several real superconducting quantum computers of IBM.

4.
J Immunother Cancer ; 10(5)2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression as a single biomarker for immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) was controversial. NKG2A was a PD1/PD-L1 axis-related immunity-dependent factor. NKG2A and PD-L1 expression as a combinatorial biomarker might improve the prediction of PD-L1 in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). METHODS: Three independent cohorts were enrolled in our study. 195 patients with bladder-derived metastatic urothelial carcinoma on PD-L1 inhibitor treatment from the IMvigor210 trial were enrolled. 124 MIBC patients from Zhongshan Hospital and 391 patients with MIBC from The Cancer Genome Atlas database were included in this study.The PD-L1/NKG2A-based risk stratification was validated in three independent cohorts, and its association with response to ICB and adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT), immune contexture and molecular features was evaluated. Histologic staining and genomic algorithm were performed to detect characteristics of NKG2A and PD-L1 expression and infiltration of immune cells. RESULTS: We identified NKG2AhiPD-L1hi patients could benefit more from cisplatin-based ACT and PD-L1 inhibitor. Further analyses revealed NKG2A and PD-L1 expression panel was linked to an immune-active tumor microenvironment with highly immune effector cells and effector molecules. In addition, NKG2A and PD-L1 expression panel was intrinsically correlated with genomic alterations related to therapeutic response in MIBC. CONCLUSIONS: NKG2A and PD-L1 expression panel was associated with an immune inflamed microenvironment and acted as a combinatorial biomarker to predict the therapeutic response to ACT and PD-L1 blockade in MIBC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Músculos/metabolismo , Músculos/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
5.
Org Lett ; 24(18): 3378-3383, 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35499470

RESUMO

An efficient methodology to access various fluoroalkyl sulfoxides bearing ortho/para-functionalized amine scaffolds from arylhydroxylamines is described. The transformation was featured with new electrophilic trifluoromethylthiolated reagents, good functional group tolerance, and late-stage modification of complex bioactive scaffolds, providing a rapid access to prepare numerous trifluoromethyl- and difluoromethyl-substituted sulfoxides. Mechanism studies and density functional theory calculations suggest this reaction goes through a nucleophilic trifluoromethylthiolation of arylhydroxylamine and subsequent internal 2,3-sigmatropic rearrangement involving a sulfur and oxygen transfer process.

6.
8.
Vis Comput ; : 1-13, 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35540957

RESUMO

Skin disease cases are rising in prevalence, and the diagnosis of skin diseases is always a challenging task in the clinic. Utilizing deep learning to diagnose skin diseases could help to meet these challenges. In this study, a novel neural network is proposed for the classification of skin diseases. Since the datasets for the research consist of skin disease images and clinical metadata, we propose a novel multimodal Transformer, which consists of two encoders for both images and metadata and one decoder to fuse the multimodal information. In the proposed network, a suitable Vision Transformer (ViT) model is utilized as the backbone to extract image deep features. As for metadata, they are regarded as labels and a new Soft Label Encoder (SLE) is designed to embed them. Furthermore, in the decoder part, a novel Mutual Attention (MA) block is proposed to better fuse image features and metadata features. To evaluate the model's effectiveness, extensive experiments have been conducted on the private skin disease dataset and the benchmark dataset ISIC 2018. Compared with state-of-the-art methods, the proposed model shows better performance and represents an advancement in skin disease diagnosis.

9.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 409, 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative axial pain (PAP), characterized by pain and/or stiffness around the posterior neck, periscapular areas and/or shoulder region, is a vexing complication affecting 5-60% of patients undergoing posterior cervical decompression. Given its relatively high frequency and negative impact on patients' physical and mental status, efforts preoperatively to confirm patients at risk of developing PAP to offer more efficient pain management to minimize this complication have a high priority. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of preoperative dynamic quantitative sensory testing (QST) in predicting the PAP after posterior cervical decompression. METHODS: This longitudinal observational study included 122 patients with degenerative cervical myelopathy undergoing laminoplasty or laminectomy. Preoperatively, all patients underwent the assessment of pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) at local and remote pain-free areas and both temporal summation (TS) and conditioned pain modulation (CPM) at remote pain free-areas. These patients underwent further pain-related, psychosocial and clinical function assessments before and/or after operation. RESULTS: In the present study, 21 patients (21/122, 17.2%) developed PAP, and the 6-month postoperative follow-up demonstrated that 8 of these 21 patients developed chronic PAP (CPAP). All preoperative covariates with significant differences between the PAP and non-PAP groups were subjected to multivariate logistic regression, and the presence of preoperative axial pain, surgical plan including C2 decompression, total international physical activity questionnaire score (cutoff value [CV]: 2205.5, sensitivity: 82.4%; specificity: 61.1%) and TS value (CV: 2.5, sensitivity: 42.9%; specificity: 83.2%) were independently associated with PAP (P < 0.05). Logistic regression further revealed that the presence of preoperative axial pain, TS value (CV: 2.5, sensitivity: 62.5%; specificity: 83.2%) and CPM value (CV: 0.65, sensitivity: 87.5%; specificity: 61.4%) were significant predictors of CPAP (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study support the hypothesis that preoperative endogenous pain modulation efficiency may be associated with axial pain after posterior cervical decompression. Clinically, preoperative estimation of both TS and CPM in remote pain-free areas may provide additional useful information for identifying patients who may be at risk of developing both PAP and CPAP, which may be beneficial in enabling stratification in the perioperative period of patients based on individual vulnerabilities to avoid/reduce this complication.


Assuntos
Laminoplastia , Doenças da Medula Espinal , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Humanos , Laminectomia/efeitos adversos , Laminoplastia/efeitos adversos , Cervicalgia/complicações , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Doenças da Medula Espinal/cirurgia
10.
J Ovarian Res ; 15(1): 40, 2022 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35379295

RESUMO

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disease associated with reproduction. The Cuscuta-Salvia formula has been widely used to treat for PCOS in clinic. However, its chemical and pharmacological properties remain unclear. We identified the active components and related targets of Cuscuta-Salvia using UHPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS and TCMSP database. Disease targets were obtained from the DisGeNET and GeneCards databases. Subsequently, common targets between Cuscuta-Salvia and PCOS were identified using a Venn diagram. PPI network was established. Core genes were selected using a Cytoscape software plugin. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses were performed for common targets using the "pathview" package in R. Several core targets were verified using molecular and Immunological methods. By combining UHPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS with a network pharmacology study, 14 active components and a total of 80 common targets were obtained. Ten core genes were regulated by Cuscuta-Salvia in PCOS, including IL6, AKT1, VEGFA, TP53, TNF, MAPK1, JUN, EGF, CASP3, and EGFR. GO results showed that cellular response to drugs, response to oxygen levels, response lipopolysaccharides, and response to molecule of bacterial origin in BP category; membrane, transcription regulator complex, nuclear chromatin, postsynaptic membrane, and vesicle lumen in CC category; DNA-binding transcription factor binding, RNA polymerase II-specific DNA-binding transcription factor binding, DNA-binding transcription activator activity, RNA polymerase II-specific, DNA-binding transcription activator activity, and cytokine receptor binding in MF terms. The KEGG enrichment pathway was mainly involved in the PI3K - Akt, MAPK, TNF, IL-17 signalling pathways, and in cellular senescence. Furthermore, the results of the experimental study showed that Cuscuta-Salvia ameliorated the pathological changes in the ovaries, liver and adipose tissue. And it improved the expressions of the genes or proteins. Our results demonstrate that Cuscuta-Salvia may provide a novel pharmacological basis in an experimental model of PCOS by regulating gene expression. This study provides a basis for future research and clinical applications.


Assuntos
Cuscuta , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Salvia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/genética , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/metabolismo
11.
Eur J Nutr ; 2022 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35394201

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the associations between carbohydrate intake and the risk of overall and specific-cause mortality in a prospective cohort study. METHODS: Diet was measured using 24 h dietary recalls. Underlying cause of death was identified through linkage to the National Death Index. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using Cox proportional hazards regression. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 7.1 years among 35,692 participants who aged 20-85 years, a total of 3854 deaths [783 cardiovascular disease (CVD)-specific and 884 cancer-specific death] were identified. Carbohydrate intake was not associated with risk of overall mortality (multivariable-adjusted HR comparing extreme quartiles 1.03, 95% CI 0.94, 1.13, ptrend = 0.799), while higher fiber intake was associated with lower mortality risk (HR 0.86, 95% CI 0.77, 0.95, ptrend = 0.004). Replacing 5% of energy from carbohydrate with both plant fat and plant protein was associated with 13% (95% CI 8%, 17%) and 13% (95% CI 3%, 22%) lower risk of total and CVD mortality, respectively. Whereas a positive or null association was found when replacing carbohydrate with both animal fat and animal protein. Higher carbohydrate-to-fiber ratio was associated with increased risk of overall (HR 1.20, 95% CI 1.09, 1.33, ptrend < 0.001) and cancer-specific (HR 1.17, 95% CI 0.95, 1.44, ptrend = 0.031) mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that high fiber diet or diet with low carbohydrate-to-fiber ratio was associated with lower long-term death risk, and provided evidence for the health benefit from dietary substitution of both plant fat and plant protein for carbohydrate.

12.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 15: 973-981, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35386588

RESUMO

Objective: The present study aims to evaluate the relationship of thyroid function during the first trimester of pregnancy with lipid levels and pregnancy outcomes. Methods: Women who delivered babies at the Shanghai General Hospital between March 2019 and December 2019 with a known pregnancy outcome and complete data were included in the present study (n = 1779). A retrospective cohort study of all subjects with available first-trimester thyroid function testing and lipid levels data was conducted, and the relationship of thyroid function with lipid levels and pregnancy outcomes was evaluated. The data were analyzed using the SPSS software for statistical correlation. Results: The proportion of caesarean sections was higher in women with hypothyroxinemia (HIA) and hypothyroidism than in women with euthyroidism. Hypothyroidism was shown to be related with polyhydramnios, preterm labor and hypertriglyceridemia. HIA was correlated with increased rates of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), preeclampsia, gestational hypertension and hypertriglyceridemia. Compared with the euthyroidism group, the hypothyroidism group had a higher apolipoprotein A1 (Apo A1) level and apolipoprotein B level; the subclinical hypothyroidism group had a higher total cholesterol (TC) level and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level; the HIA group had higher triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and lower TC, Apo A1 levels. TC levels were positively correlated with the thyroid-stimulating hormone level and negatively correlated with free thyroxine (FT4) level, and free triiodothyronine and FT4 levels were positively correlated with GDM occurrence. Conclusion: Thyroid function in early pregnancy is associated with dyslipidemia and pregnancy outcomes; conventional screening of thyroid diseases in early pregnancy may help improve lipid levels and decrease adverse pregnancy outcomes.

13.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 819654, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35401442

RESUMO

Low detection rates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) by culture and smear microscopy prevent early diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) in children. Therefore, developing rapid and accurate diagnostic techniques are critical to achieving the global aim of minimizing childhood TB. The present study was performed to evaluate the diagnostic effectiveness of the novel cross-priming amplification-based EasyNAT MTB complex assay (EasyNAT) in childhood TB. Five hundred and six children with suspected TB were enrolled from January 2018 to October 2021. Gastric aspirate (GA) samples were tested by bacterial culture, acid-fast bacillus microscopy, EasyNAT, Xpert MTB/RIF (Xpert), or Xpert MTB/RIF Ultra (Xpert Ultra). Among 239 children simultaneously tested by EasyNAT and Xpert methods, both assays showed similar sensitivities in total active TB cases [22.6% (31/137) vs. 26.3% (36/137), p = 0.441] and in bacteriologically confirmed TB cases [both 60.0% (9/15)]. The two assays presented similar specificities of 98.0% (100/102) and 99.0% (101/102), respectively (p = 1.000). Among 267 children who were simultaneously tested with EasyNAT and Xpert Ultra, Xpert Ultra demonstrated higher sensitivity than EasyNAT in total active TB cases [50.9% (89/175) vs. 30.3% (53/175), p < 0.001]. EasyNAT and Xpert Ultra yielded similar specificities, at 97.8% (90/92) and 100.0% (92/92), respectively (p = 0.155). These findings indicated that Xpert Ultra was superior to EasyNAT despite its higher cost and EasyNAT was not inferior to Xpert in the diagnosis of childhood TB using GA samples. EasyNAT may therefore be a suitable alternative diagnostic method for childhood TB based on its cost-effectiveness, speed, and accuracy.

14.
Andrologia ; : e14422, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35413135

RESUMO

METTL3 was known to run through the whole cycle of RNA. It relied on m6A modification in the mRNAs of cancer-related genes to regulate tumour progression. The development of prostate cancer cells could be promoted by METTL3 via hedgehog pathway. Recent studies had shown that the effect of METTL3 on non-coding RNA was mainly dependent on the modification of m6A. However, it is still unknown whether METTL3 promotes tumour development through this mechanism in prostate cancer. The expression of METTL3 in prostate cancer tissues and cells was analysed by qRT-PCR and Western blot assays. CCK-8 assay, colony formation assay, wound-healing assay and transwell assays were conducted to detect the impact of METTL3 on cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Nude mice tumour models were built to evaluate the role of METTL3 in tumorigenesis. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) RNA immunoprecipitation assay (MeRIP) and co-immunoprecipitations assays were performed to verified that METTL3 upregulated the m6A level, interacted with microprocessor protein DGCR8, recognized the m6A modification of pre-miR-182 to regulate its maturation.METTL3 was highly expressed in prostate cancer, and knockdown of METTL3 significantly inhibited cell proliferation, migration, invasion and tumorigenesis, while overexpression of METTL3 promoted cell proliferation, migration, invasion and tumorigenesis in PCa. In addition, we found that METTL3 upregulating the level of m6A, and interacted with DGCR8 to recognize the m6A modification of pre-miR-182 to regulate its splicing and maturation and promote the high expression of miRNA. Our study suggests that METTL3 could be used in targeted therapies for PCa.

15.
Membranes (Basel) ; 12(4)2022 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35448401

RESUMO

The hot-pressing process of the membrane electrode assembly (MEA) is one of the research hotspots in the field of the fuel cell. To obtain suitable titanium mesh-based MEA hot pressing process parameters, titanium mesh was used as electrode substrate material. The anode and cathode of MEA were prepared by the drip-coated method, and the titanium mesh-based MEA was prepared under different hot-pressing pressure and temperature, respectively. The performance of titanium mesh-based MEA was studied by morphological observation, elemental analysis, thickness measurement, single cell test and numerical fitting analysis. The results demonstrated that: with increasing hot-pressing pressure from 0 MPa to 10 MPa, the forming thickness of titanium mesh-based MEA is getting thin gradually, and the peak power density of titanium mesh-based MEA first increased and then gradually decreased; with increasing hot-pressing temperature from 115 °C to 155 °C, the peak power density of titanium mesh-based MEA enhanced at the beginning and then also gradually decreased. Under the premise of a hot-pressing time of 180 s and the optimal operating temperature of DMFC of 60 °C, the appropriate hot-pressing process conditions of titanium mesh-based MEA are a hot-pressing pressure of 5 MPa and a hot-pressing temperature of 135 °C. The results can provide a technological reference for the preparation of titanium mesh MEA for DMFC.

16.
Small ; : e2201352, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35429134

RESUMO

Bi2 Te3 -related alloys dominate the commercial thermoelectric market, but the layered crystal structure leads to the dissociation and intrinsic brittle fracture, especially for single crystals that may worsen the practical efficiency. In this work, point defect configuration by S/Te/I defects engineering is engaged to boost thermoelectric and mechanical properties of n-type Bi2 Te3 alloy, which, coupled with p-type BiSbTe, shows a competitive conversion efficiency for the fabricated module. First, as S alloying suppresses the intrinsic B i T e , antisite defects and forms a donor-like effect, electronic transport properties are optimized, associated with the decreased thermal conductivity due to the point defect scattering. The periodide compound TeI4 is afterward adopted to further tune carrier concentration for the realization of an optimal ZT. Finally, an advanced average ZT of 1.05 with ultra-high compressive strength of 230 MPa is achieved for Bi2 Te2.9 S0.1 (TeI4 )0.0012 . Based on this optimum composition, a fabricated 17-pair module demonstrates a maximum conversion efficiency of 5.37% under the temperature difference of 250 K, rivaling the current state-of-the-art Bi2 Te3 modules. This work reveals the novel mechanism of point defect reconfiguration in synergistic enhancement of thermoelectric and mechanical properties for durably commercial application, which may be applicable to other thermoelectric systems.

17.
Int J Infect Dis ; 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35429637

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence varies regarding the efficacy of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine. Data on protection by BCG vaccination against severe tuberculosis (TB) among children in China remains unclear. METHODS: We conducted a case-based, multicenter retrospective study at three children's hospitals in China. Sociological factors affecting BCG vaccination and risk factors associated with diseases types were analyzed using a multivariable model. RESULTS: A total 1701 children with active TB were enrolled. Children who were younger, female, resident in a rural area, living in the western regions, and with no BCG vaccination history were at higher risk of developing severe TB. Children with a BCG scar had significantly lower risk for severe TB (odds ratio (OR) 0.59, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.51-0.67). Children with no BCG scar but who were vaccinated at birth still had lower risk of severe TB types, such as tuberculous meningitis (OR 0.88, 95% CI 0.80-0.97) and miliary TB (OR 0.77, 95% CI 0.69-0.87). CONCLUSIONS: Neonatal BCG vaccination could be an effective means to control TB. In the absence of a new, more effective TB vaccine, our results lend support to continued use of the BCG vaccine in China.

18.
Front Physiol ; 13: 831514, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35392376

RESUMO

Background: The mortality of trauma combined with seawater immersion is higher than that of land injury, however, research on how to treat this critical case and which treatments to adopt is lacking. Methods: The effect of the thiol compound, N-acetyl-L-Cysteine (NAC), on survival, acidosis, coagulopathy, vital signs, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial and multi-organ function was assessed in a rat model of hemorrhagic shock combined with seawater immersion (Sea-Shock). Results: Hemorrhagic shock combined with seawater immersion caused a severe lethal triad: multi-organ impairment, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial dysfunction. NAC (30 mg/kg) with lactated Ringer's (LR) solution (2 × blood volume lost) significantly improved outcomes compared to LR or hetastarch (HES 130/0.4) alone. NAC significantly prolonged survival time to 52.48 ± 30.09 h and increased 72 h survival rate to 11/16 (68%). NAC relieved metabolic acidosis and recovered the pH back to 7.33. NAC also restored coagulation, with APTT, PT, and PT-INR decreased by 109.31, 78.09, and 73.74%, respectively, while fibrinogen level increased 246.23% compared with untreated Sea-Shock. Administration of NAC markedly improved cardiac and liver function, with some improvement of kidney function. Conclusion: The addition of NAC to crystalloid resuscitation fluid alleviated oxidative stress, restored redox homeostasis, and provided multi-organ protection in the rats after Sea-Shock. NAC may be an effective therapeutic measure for hemorrhagic shock combined with seawater immersion.

19.
World J Stem Cells ; 14(2): 214-218, 2022 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35432733

RESUMO

Recently, we read with interest the article entitled "Unveiling the Morphogenetic Code: A New Path at the Intersection of Physical Energies and Chemical Signaling". In this paper, the investigation into the systematic and comprehensive bio-effects of physical energies prompted us to reflect on our research. We believe that ultrasound, which possesses a special physical energy, also has a certain positive regulatory effect on macrophages, and we have already obtained some preliminary research results that support our hypothesis.

20.
Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol ; : e12934, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35481720

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical significance of intracavitary electrocardiogram positioning technology in preventing catheter ectopic position during peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) catheterization in children with tumors. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 62 children who required PICC catheterization was performed. The intracavitary electrocardiogram (ECG) positioning technology was used during the tube placement of the child patients. After the tube was successfully placed, the chest radiograph was taken. The ECG positioning result was compared with the chest radiograph positioning result after the tube was inserted, and the sensitivity and specificity of the ECG positioning were calculated. RESULTS: The intracavitary electrocardiogram results of 62 children with PICC catheters showed that 56 cases (90.32%) had characteristic P waves, and six cases (9.68%) had no characteristic P waves. The chest radiographs of 56 children with characteristic P wave showed that 33 cases (58.93%) of the catheter tip position was appropriate, 22 cases (39.29%) of the catheter tip was too deep, and 1 case was in a non-superior vena cava; six cases of chest radiographs of children with no characteristic P wave showed: one case was too deep at T8 level, one case was too shallow at T4 level, four cases were at non-superior vena cava, one case was contralateral internal jugular vein, two cases in the contralateral brachiocephalic vein, and one case was the contralateral subclavian vein. CONCLUSION: Intracavitary ECG positioning assisted catheter placement in infants can effectively improve the accuracy of catheter tip position.

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