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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e256945, 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1374655

RESUMO

The gastrointestinal microflora regulates the body's functions and plays an important role in its health. Dysbiosis leads to a number of chronic diseases such as diabetes, obesity, inflammation, atherosclerosis, etc. However, these diseases can be prevented by using probiotics ­ living microorganisms that benefit the microflora and, therefore, improve the host organism's health. The most common probiotics include lactic acid bacteria of the Bifidobacterium and Propionibacterium genera. We studied the probiotic properties of the following strains: Bifidobacterium adolescentis АС-1909, Bifidobacterium longum infantis АС-1912, Propionibacterium jensenii В-6085, Propionibacterium freudenreichii В-11921, Propionibacterium thoenii В-6082, and Propionibacterium acidipropionici В-5723. Antimicrobial activity was determined by the 'agar blocks' method against the following test cultures: Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Salmonella enterica ATCC 14028, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Pseudomonas aeruginosa B6643, Proteus vulgaris ATCC 63, and Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 7644. Moderate antimicrobial activity against all the test cultures was registered in Bifidobacterium adolescentis АС-1909, Propionibacterium jensenii В-6085, and Propionibacterium thoenii В-6082. Antioxidant activity was determined by the DPPH inhibition method in all the lactic acid strains. Our study indicated that some Propionibacterium and Bifidobacterium strains or, theoretically, their consortia could be used as probiotic cultures in dietary supplements or functional foods to prevent a number of chronic diseases.


A microbiota gastrointestinal regula as funções do corpo e desempenha um papel importante na sua saúde. A disbiose leva a uma série de doenças crônicas, como diabetes, obesidade, inflamação, aterosclerose, etc. No entanto, essas doenças podem ser prevenidas pelo uso de probióticos − microrganismos vivos que beneficiam a microflora e, portanto, melhoram a saúde do organismo hospedeiro. Os probióticos mais comuns incluem bactérias do ácido láctico dos gêneros Bifidobacterium e Propionibacterium. Nós estudamos as propriedades probióticas das seguintes cepas: Bifidobacterium adolescentis АС-1909, Bifidobacterium longum infantis АС-1912, Propionibacterium jensenii В-6085, Propionibacterium freudenreichii В-11921, Propionibacterium thoenii В-6082 В-6082 acid e Propionibacterium thoenii В-6082 В-6082 acidibion. A atividade antimicrobiana foi determinada pelo método de 'blocos de ágar' contra as seguintes culturas de teste: Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Salmonella enterica ATCC 14028, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Pseudomonas aeruginosa B6643, Proteus vulgaris ATCC 63 e Listeria monocytogenes moderada atividade ATCC 7644. Uma atividade antimicrobiana moderada contra todas as culturas de teste foi registrado em Bifidobacterium adolescentis АС-1909, Propionibacterium jensenii В-6085 e Propionibacterium thoenii В-6082. A atividade antioxidante foi determinada pelo método de inibição do DPPH em todas as cepas de ácido lático. Nosso estudo indicou que algumas cepas de Propionibacterium e Bifidobacterium − ou, teoricamente, seus consórcios − poderiam ser usadas ​​como culturas probióticas em suplementos dietéticos ou alimentos funcionais para prevenir uma série de doenças crônicas.


Assuntos
Animais , Propionibacterium , Bifidobacterium , Ácido Láctico , Probióticos , Lactobacillales , Microbioma Gastrointestinal
2.
Bioact Mater ; 20: 489-500, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35800405

RESUMO

Although the general concept of nanotechnology relies on exploitation of size-dependent properties of nanoscaled materials, the relation between the size/morphology of nanoparticles with their biological activity remains not well understood. Therefore, we aimed at investigating the biological activity of Se nanoparticles, one of the most promising candidates of nanomaterials for biomedicine, possessing the same crystal structure, but differing in morphology (nanorods vs. spherical particles) and aspect ratios (AR, 11.5 vs. 22.3 vs. 1.0) in human cells and BALB/c mice. Herein, we report that in case of nanorod-shaped Se nanomaterials, AR is a critical factor describing their cytotoxicity and biocompatibility. However, spherical nanoparticles (AR 1.0) do not fit this statement and exhibit markedly higher cytotoxicity than lower-AR Se nanorods. Beside of cytotoxicity, we also show that morphology and size substantially affect the uptake and intracellular fate of Se nanomaterials. In line with in vitro data, in vivo i.v. administration of Se nanomaterials revealed the highest toxicity for higher-AR nanorods followed by spherical nanoparticles and lower-AR nanorods. Moreover, we revealed that Se nanomaterials are able to alter intracellular redox homeostasis, and affect the acidic intracellular vesicles and cytoskeletal architecture in a size- and morphology-dependent manner. Although the tested nanoparticles were produced from the similar sources, their behavior differs markedly, since each type is promising for several various application scenarios, and the presented testing protocol could serve as a concept standardizing the biological relevance of the size and morphology of the various types of nanomaterials and nanoparticles.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; : 159105, 2022 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36181811

RESUMO

Bioelectrochemical hydrogen production via microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) has attracted attention as the next generation of technology for the hydrogen economy. MECs work by electrochemically active bacteria reducing organic compounds at the anode. However, the hydrophobic nature of carbon-based anodes suppresses the release of the produced gas and water penetration, which significantly reduces the possibility of microbial attachment. Consequently, a limited surface area of the anode is used, which decreases hydrogen production efficiency. In this study, the bifunctional material poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) was applied to the surface of a three-dimensional carbon felt anode to enhance the hydrogen production efficiency of an MEC owing to the high conductivity of PEDOT and super-hydrophilicity of PSS. In experiments, the PEDOT:PSS-modified anode almost doubled the hydrogen production efficiency of the MEC compared with the control anode owing to the increased capacitance current (239.3 %) and biofilm formation (220.7 %). The modified anode reduced the time required for the MEC to reach a steady state of hydrogen production by 14 days compared to the control anode. Microbial community profiles demonstrated that the modified anode had a greater abundance of electrochemically active bacteria than the control anode. This simple method could be widely applied to various bioelectrochemical systems (e.g., microbial fuel cells and solar cells) and to scaling up MECs.

4.
Dent Mater ; 2022 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182548

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate how titanium (Ti) surface with different range roughness created by industrial machining influence the biological response of primary human gingival fibroblasts (HGFB) and keratinocytes (HGKC) in terms of cell proliferation and cytotoxicity. METHODS: Four Ti surfaces of different roughness ranges were investigated: smooth (S: 0.08-0.1 µm), minimally rough (MM: 0.3-0.5 µm), moderately rough (MR: 1.2-1.4 µm) and rough (R: 3.3-3.7 µm). Discs topography and surface roughness were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and non-contact profilometer. Both cell lines were cultured, expanded, and maintained according to their supplier's protocols. Cell proliferation and cytotoxicity were evaluated at days 1, 3, 5, and 10 using cell viability and cytotoxicity colorimetric assays. Data were analysed via two-way ANOVA, one-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test (p = 0.05 for all tests). RESULTS: Both cell lines showed comparable initial proliferation activity of 70-86% for all the investigated roughnesses. HGKC showed better and higher proliferation % with S surface at all time points than all the other investigated surfaces which was significantly higher than MM at day 3 and higher than all the other investigated surfaces at day 5 and 10. On the other hand, HGFB exhibited the best proliferation with both MM and R surfaces with no significant differences from the other two surfaces (S and MR). Different surface roughnesses and exposure times showed significant effect on cell proliferation in both cell lines. Cytotoxicity for both cell lines was generally the highest on day 3, with the following order from highest to lowest: S (19.86%)> R> MR> MM for HGKC and MM (39.48%)> MR> S> R for HGFB. Different exposure times showed a significant effect on cell cytotoxicity in both cell lines and a significant effect of surface roughness in HGFB. SIGNIFICANCE: All investigated roughness levels were sufficiently biologically compatible with cells representative of the major population of the soft tissue surrounding dental implants. However, the S surface was most cytotoxic to HGKC, while the MM surface was most cytotoxic to HGFB cells.

5.
Biomimetics (Basel) ; 7(3)2022 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36134925

RESUMO

Calcium phosphate cement (CPC) is similar to bone in composition and has plasticity, while mesoporous bioactive glass (MBG) has the advantage of releasing Si, which can promote osteogenic properties and drug loading capacity. A sol-gel-prepared MBG micro-powder (mMBG) and further impregnated antibiotic gentamicin sulfate (Genta@mMBG: 2, 3, and 4 mg/mL) antibiotic were added to CPC at different weight ratios (5, 10, and 15 wt.%) to study CPC's potential clinical applications. Different ratios of mMBG/CPC composite bone cement showed good injectability and disintegration resistance, but with increasing mMBG addition, the working/setting time and compressive strength decreased. The maximum additive amount was 10 wt.% mMBG due to the working time of ~5 min, the setting time of ~10 min, and the compressive strength of ~51 MPa, indicating that it was more suitable for clinical surgical applications than the other groups. The 2Genta@mMBG group loaded with 2 mg/mL gentamicin had good antibacterial activity, and the 10 wt.% 2Genta@mMBG/CPC composite bone cement still had good antibacterial activity but reduced the initial release of Genta. 2Genta@mMBG was found to have slight cytotoxicity, so 2Genta@mMBG was composited into CPC to improve the biocompatibility and to endow CPC with more advantages for clinical application.

6.
Biomimetics (Basel) ; 7(3)2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36134941

RESUMO

The main problems directly linked with the use of PMMA bone cements in orthopedic surgery are the improper mechanical bond between cement and bone and the absence of antimicrobial properties. Recently, more research has been devoted to new bone cement with antimicrobial properties using mainly antibiotics or other innovative materials with antimicrobial properties. In this paper, we developed modified PMMA bone cement with antimicrobial properties proposing some experimental antimicrobial agents consisting of silver nanoparticles incorporated in ceramic glass and hydroxyapatite impregnated with peppermint oil. The impact of the addition of antimicrobial agents on the structure, mechanical properties, and biocompatibility of new PMMA bone cements was quantified. It has been shown that the addition of antimicrobial agents improves the flexural strength of the traditional PMMA bone cement, while the yield strength values show a decrease, most likely because this agent acts as a discontinuity inside the material rather than as a reinforcing agent. In the case of all samples, the addition of antimicrobial agents had no significant influence on the thermal stability. The new PMMA bone cement showed good biocompatibility and the possibility of osteoblast proliferation (MTT test) along with a low level of cytotoxicity (LDH test).

7.
Gels ; 8(9)2022 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36135244

RESUMO

Although hydrogel is a promising prosthesis implantation material for breast reconstruction, there is no suitable hydrogel with proper mechanical properties and good biocompatibility. Here, we report a series of compliant and tough poly (hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA)-based hydrogels based on hydrogen bond-reinforcing interactions and phase separation inhibition by introducing maleic acid (MA) units. As a result, the tensile strength, fracture strain, tensile modulus, and toughness are up to 420 kPa, 293.4%, 770 kPa, and 0.86 MJ/m3, respectively. Moreover, the hydrogels possess good compliance, where the compression modulus is comparable to that of the silicone breast prosthesis (~23 kPa). Meanwhile, the hydrogels have an excellent self-recovery ability and fatigue resistance: the dissipative energy and elastic modulus recover almost completely after waiting for 2 min under cyclic compression, and the maximum strength remains essentially unchanged after 1000 cyclic compressions. More importantly, in vitro cellular experiments and in vivo animal experiments demonstrate that the hydrogels have good biocompatibility and stability. The biocompatible hydrogels with breast tissue-like mechanical properties hold great potential as an alternative implant material for reconstructing breasts.

8.
Gels ; 8(9)2022 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36135248

RESUMO

Starch hydrogels are highly available, biocompatible and biodegradable materials that have promising applications in medical and pharmaceutical industries. However, their applications are very limited due to their poor mechanical properties and fragility. Here, we investigated, for the first time, conventional corn and waxy corn starch-based hydrogels for loading patchouli essential oil. The essential oil extracted by supercritical carbon dioxide with a yield reached 8.37 ± 1.2 wt.% (wet sample) at 80 °C temperature and 10 MPa pressure. Patchouli essential oil exhibited a 23 to 28 mm zone of inhibition against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Waxy starch hydrogels had better properties in term of viscosity, water evaporation stability and the delivery of essential oil than conventional starch hydrogels. The viscosity and spreadability of a 6% waxy starch sample were 15,016 ± 59 cP and 4.02 ± 0.34 g·cm/s, respectively, compared with those of conventional starch hydrogel (13,008 ± 29 cP and 4.59 ± 0.88 g·cm/s). Waxy starch-based hydrogels also provided slower in vitro biodegradation behavior and sustained release of essential oil compared with conventional starch hydrogels. All the samples were biocompatible and non-cytotoxic to fibroblast cells; the addition of patchouli essential oil enhances the proliferation of the cells. The enhanced viscosity, good antibacterial and improved biocompatibility results of prepared hydrogels confirm their suitability for wound healing applications.

9.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 1000401, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36147527

RESUMO

In recent years, the rate of implant failure has been increasing. Microbial infection was the primary cause, and the main stages included bacterial adhesion, biofilm formation, and severe inhibition of implant osseointegration. Various biomaterials and their preparation methods have emerged to produce specific implants with antimicrobial or bactericidal properties to reduce implant infection caused by bacterial adhesion and effectively promote bone and implant integration. In this study, we reviewed the research progress of bone integration promotion and antibacterial action of superhydrophilic surfaces based on titanium alloys. First, the adverse reactions caused by bacterial adhesion to the implant surface, including infection and bone integration deficiency, are briefly introduced. Several commonly used antibacterial methods of titanium alloys are introduced. Secondly, we discuss the antibacterial properties of superhydrophilic surfaces based on ultraviolet photo-functionalization and plasma treatment, in contrast to the antibacterial principle of superhydrophobic surface morphology. Thirdly, the osteogenic effects of superhydrophilic surfaces are described, according to the processes of osseointegration: osteogenic immunity, angiogenesis, and osteogenic related cells. Finally, we discuss the challenges and prospects for the development of this superhydrophilic surface in clinical applications, as well as the prominent strategies and directions for future research.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36150074

RESUMO

Sponges with highly absorptive properties have been widely used in emergency hemostasis. Graphene oxide (GO) has been extensively investigated in biomedical applications and is a promising candidate for hemostatic sponges. However, GO has been demonstrated to have adverse effects on the human body. To overcome this problem, a hemostatic sponge based on modified GO and carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCS) is successfully prepared, which has excellent water absorption ability and mechanical strength. Importantly, hemostasis assays showed that the composite sponge exhibited high hemostatic efficiency, and the possible hemostatic mechanism is also discussed in this study. Moreover, the results of in vitro antibacterial tests reveal that the composite sponge also presents strong antimicrobial effects against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Significantly, the composited sponge used as hemostatic dressing can effectively promote cell proliferation, achieving a wound closure rate of 95% on day 12. Such a graphene-based sponge with multiple advantageous features would hold broad prospects in the hemostatic field.

11.
J Pharm Sci ; 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36150468

RESUMO

The biocompatibility and effects on cells' bioactivity of developed pharmaceuticals are crucial properties, required to permit their safe delivery. Nanogel matrices offer a promising role in emerging pharmaceutics; however, it is crucial that they and their excipients do not demonstrate detrimental effects on the cells to which they interact. This study investigated the use of Teflon and the secondary bile acid deoxycholic acid in the formation of novel nanogel matrices. Each has properties which may be of benefit for the nanogels created and their use in the pharmaceutical industry. Rheological parameters and scanning electron microscopy studies were conducted. In order to assess the developed nanogels' impacts on cellular bioactivity, studies using Seahorse assays were conducted on three cell types, hepatic, muscle and pancreatic beta cells. Results demonstrated the addition of Teflon did not alter the morphological characteristics of resulting nanogels or the metabolic profiles of the cell lines. Interestingly, pancreatic beta cells highlighted the potential of Teflon to exert a protective profile from mitochondrial damage. Overall, the developed nanogels showed potentially promising profiles in certain studies conducted which may lead to future research.

12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(37): 41809-41818, 2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36097389

RESUMO

Antimicrobial nanomaterials hold great promise for bacteria-infected wound healing. However, it remains a challenge to balance antimicrobial efficacy and biocompatibility for these artificial antimicrobials. Here we employed biocompatible genetic molecule DNA as a building material to fabricate antimicrobial materials, including self-assembled Y-shaped DNA-silver nanocluster composite (Y-Ag) and Y-Ag hydrogel (Y-Ag-gel). We demonstrate that macroscopic and microcosmic DNA-Ag composites can effectively inhibit bacterial growth but do not affect cell proliferation in vitro. In particular, Y-Ag spray can speed up the process of wound healing in vivo. Considering the efficacy and advantages of DNA-based materials, our findings provide a promising route to fabricate a novel wound dressing such as spray and hydrogel for therapeutic wound healing.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Prata , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Bactérias , DNA/farmacologia , Hidrogéis/química , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Prata/química , Prata/farmacologia
13.
Adv Mater ; : e2207376, 2022 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36153826

RESUMO

Colloids, known as volume expanders, have been used as resuscitation fluids for hypovolemic shock for decades, as they increase plasma oncotic pressure and expand intravascular volume. However, recent studies show that commonly used synthetic colloids have adverse interactions with human biological systems. In this work, we design a low-fouling amine(N)-oxide based zwitterionic polymer as an alternative volume expander with improved biocompatibility and efficacy. We demonstrate that the polymer possesses anti-fouling ability, resisting cell interaction and deposition in major organs, and is rapidly cleared via renal filtration and hepatic circulation, reducing the risk of long-term side effects. Furthermore, in vitro and in vivo studies showed an absence of adverse effects on hemostasis or any acute safety risks. Finally, we show that, in a head-to-head comparison with existing colloids and plasma, the zwitterionic polymer serves as more potent oncotic agents for restoring intravascular volume in a hemorrhagic shock model. Our design of N-oxide-based zwitterionic polymers may lead to the development of alternative fluid therapies to treat hypovolemic shocks and to improve fluid management in general. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

14.
J Funct Biomater ; 13(3)2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36135579

RESUMO

Bone infections are a key health challenge with dramatic consequences for affected patients. In dentistry, periodontitis is a medically compromised condition for efficient dental care and bone grafting, the success of which depends on whether the surgical site is infected or not. Present treatments involve antibiotics associated with massive bacterial resistance effects, urging for the development of alternative antibacterial strategies. In this work, we established a safe-by-design bone substitute approach by combining bone-like apatite to peroxide ions close to natural in vivo oxygenated species aimed at fighting pathogens. In parallel, bone-like apatites doped with Ag+ or co-doped Ag+/peroxide were also prepared for comparative purposes. The compounds were thoroughly characterized by chemical titrations, FTIR, XRD, SEM, and EDX analyses. All doped apatites demonstrated significant antibacterial properties toward four major pathogenic bacteria involved in periodontitis and bone infection, namely Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis), Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (A. actinomycetemcomitans), Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. nucleatum), and S. aureus. By way of complementary tests to assess protein adsorption, osteoblast cell adhesion, viability and IC50 values, the samples were also shown to be highly biocompatible. In particular, peroxidated apatite was the safest material tested, with the lowest IC50 value toward osteoblast cells. We then demonstrated the possibility to associate such doped apatites with two biocompatible polymers, namely gelatin and poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid PLGA, to prepare, respectively, composite 2D membranes and 3D scaffolds. The spatial distribution of the apatite particles and polymers was scrutinized by SEM and µCT analyses, and their relevance to the field of bone regeneration was underlined. Such bio-inspired antibacterial apatite compounds, whether pure or associated with (bio)polymers are thus promising candidates in dentistry and orthopedics while providing an alternative to antibiotherapy.

15.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 11(9)2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36140038

RESUMO

The interest of the food packaging industry in biodegradable, recyclable, and functional materials has steadily increased in recent years. The use of hydrogels in the food sector holds great potential for use in packaging systems or as carriers for bioactive substances. The synthesis of an oxygen barrier coating of prolaminic silica material and antimicrobial functionalization with fumaric acid for packaging materials described here is an elegant way to meet these requirements. The developed material achieved a significant antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, two common clinical pathogens. Another pre-requisite of such materials is a high biocompatibility, which can be assessed using human cell models, to help ensure consumer safety. The biocompatibility was determined by luminescence adenosine triphosphate and photometric lactate dehydrogenase assays. No cytotoxic effects on human keratinocytes in vitro were found for the test materials.

16.
Chemosphere ; 308(Pt 2): 135950, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075361

RESUMO

Nanomaterials mainly nanocomposites possess unique physical and chemical properties which makes them superior and indispensable. Though much research has been focused on the properties and application of nanocomposites, the eco-toxicity assessment is one among top priority, which aims to protect the population of concerned biological component and their ecosystem. With this objective, the present study has undertaken an initiation to evaluate the efficacy of chitosan-silver nanocomposite for methyl orange adsorption property (CS-AgNC) and also assessed the toxicity impact on growth parameters of freshwater Tilapia. Batch in vitro studies showed that all the tested dosages of the nanocomposite were effectively adsorbing maximum concentration of methyl orange. The synthesized nanocomposite was administrated to the tested fishes followed by the determination of various growth, nutritional parameters, gene expression of enzymatic antioxidants and liver, and intestinal tissues histology. Obtained results indicated that nanocomposite treatment was not projected as a toxic impact on all the tested growth, and nutritional parameters. Histology study showed that the exposure of Tilapia to nanocomposite has not shown any detrimental effect on antioxidants gene expression and liver, intestinal tissue architecture. Hence, all these findings indicated that chitosan-silver nanocomposite prepared in our present system was found to be biocompatible which suggested the possible utilization and release of the nanocomposite into the divergent ecosystem without affecting non-target organisms (NTO).

17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(18)2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36142868

RESUMO

Although many noble metals are known for their antibacterial properties against the most common pathogens, such as Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus epidermidis, their effect on healthy cells can be toxic. For this reason, the choice of metals that preserve the antibacterial effect while being biocompatible with health cells is very important. This work aims to validate the effect of gold on the biocompatibility of Au/Ag nanowires, as assessed in our previous study. Polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) was treated with a KrF excimer laser to provide specific laser-induced periodic structures. Then, Au was deposited onto the modified PEN via a vacuum evaporation method. Atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy revealed the dependence of the surface morphology on the incidence angle of the laser beam. A resazurin assay cytotoxicity test confirmed safety against healthy human cells and even cell proliferation was observed after 72 h of incubation. We have obtained satisfactory results, demonstrating that monometallic Au nanowires can be applied in biomedical applications and provide the biocompatibility of bimetallic Au/AgNWs.


Assuntos
Nanofios , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Escherichia coli , Ouro/química , Ouro/farmacologia , Humanos , Lasers , Nanofios/química , Naftalenos , Polietilenos
18.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 13(9)2022 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36143991

RESUMO

In this study, we have employed Digital Light Processing (DLP) printing technology for the fabrication of solid microneedle (MN) arrays. Several arrays with various geometries, such as cones, three-sided pyramids and four-sided pyramids, with different height to aspect ratios of 1:1, 2:1 and 3:1, were printed. Post-processing curing optimizations showed that optimal mechanical properties of the photocurable resin were obtained at 40 °C and 60 min. Ex vivo skin studies showed that piercing forces, penetration depth and penetration width were affected by the MN geometry and height to aspect ratio. Cone-shaped MNs required lower applied forces to penetrate skin and showed higher penetration depth with increasing height to aspect ratio, followed by three-sided and four-sided printed arrays. Cytotoxicity studies presented 84% cell viability of human fibroblasts after 2.5 h, suggesting the very good biocompatibility of the photocurable resin. Overall, DLP demonstrated excellent printing capacity and high resolution for a variety of MN designs.

19.
Molecules ; 27(18)2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36144581

RESUMO

Advanced drug delivery micro- and nanosystems have been widely explored due to their appealing specificity/selectivity, biodegradability, biocompatibility, and low toxicity. They can be applied for the targeted delivery of pharmaceuticals, with the benefits of good biocompatibility/stability, non-immunogenicity, large surface area, high drug loading capacity, and low leakage of drugs. Cardiovascular diseases, as one of the primary mortalities cause worldwide with significant impacts on the quality of patients' life, comprise a variety of heart and circulatory system pathologies, such as peripheral vascular diseases, myocardial infarction, heart failure, and coronary artery diseases. Designing novel micro- and nanosystems with suitable targeting properties and smart release behaviors can help circumvent crucial challenges of the tolerability, low stability, high toxicity, and possible side- and off-target effects of conventional drug delivery routes. To overcome different challenging issues, namely physiological barriers, low efficiency of drugs, and possible adverse side effects, various biomaterials-mediated drug delivery systems have been formulated with reduced toxicity, improved pharmacokinetics, high bioavailability, sustained release behavior, and enhanced therapeutic efficacy for targeted therapy of cardiovascular diseases. Despite the existing drug delivery systems encompassing a variety of biomaterials for treating cardiovascular diseases, the number of formulations currently approved for clinical use is limited due to the regulatory and experimental obstacles. Herein, the most recent advancements in drug delivery micro- and nanosystems designed from different biomaterials for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases are deliberated, with a focus on the important challenges and future perspectives.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Composição de Medicamentos , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Humanos
20.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 20(1): 401, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer cell membrane-camouflaged nanotechnology for metal complex can enhance its biocompatibility and extend the effective circulation time in body. The ruthenium polypyridyl complex (RuPOP) has extensive antitumor activity, but it still has disadvantages such as poor biocompatibility, lack of targeting, and being easily metabolized by the organism. Cancer cell membranes retain a large number of surface antigens and tumor adhesion molecules CD47, which can be used to camouflage the metal complex and give it tumor homing ability and high biocompatibility. RESULTS: Therefore, this study provides an electrostatic adsorption method, which uses the electrostatic interaction of positive and negative charges between RuPOP and cell membranes to construct a cancer cell membrane-camouflaged nano-platform (RuPOP@CM). Interestingly, RuPOP@CM maintains the expression of surface antigens and tumor adhesion molecules, which can inhibit the phagocytosis of macrophage, reduce the clearance rate of RuPOP, and increase effective circulation time, thus enhancing the accumulation in tumor sites. Besides, RuPOP@CM can enhance the activity of cellular immune response and promote the production of inflammatory cytokines including TNF-α, IL-12 and IL-6, which is of great significance in treatment of tumor. On the other hand, RuPOP@MCM can produce intracellular ROS overproduction, thereby accelerating the apoptosis and cell cycle arrest of tumor cells to play an excellent antitumor effect in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSION: In brief, engineering cancer cell membrane-camouflaged metal complex is a potential strategy to improve its biocompatibility, biological safety and antitumor effects.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Rutênio , Antígenos de Superfície/metabolismo , Apoptose , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos
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