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1.
Arch Acad Emerg Med ; 12(1): e23, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572220

RESUMO

Aortitis is the inflammation of the aortic wall. It can be caused by both infectious and non-infectious etiologies. Mycotic aneurysm is a rare, serious medical condition and typically requires prompt treatment with antibiotics, surgical intervention, or endovascular procedures to prevent rupture and complications. Here we reported, a 66-year-old male patient with a medical history of diabetes and hypertension, who presented to the emergency department (ED) with left-sided hemiplegia. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed infarction in the right parietooccipital and left occipital lobes, demonstrating an embolic pattern. laboratory analysis revealed elevated levels of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), and white blood cell (WBC). In order to investigate the possibility of sepsis, a non-contrast chest computed tomography (CT) scan was performed, which showed a soft tissue density surrounded by gas in the posterior mediastinum; for which the rupture of esophagus and infected aorta pseudoaneurysm were among differential diagnoses. To confirm the diagnosis, CT angiography was ordered. The infected ruptured pseudo-aneurysm(s) was confirmed and patient underwent thoracotomy surgery.

2.
J Surg Case Rep ; 2024(4): rjae199, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572279

RESUMO

Plasmacytoma is a rare plasma cell neoplasm. Whether solitary or associated with multiple myeloma (MM), it rarely involves the skull base, particularly the sphenoid bone. We present a unique case of sphenoid bone plasmacytoma secondary to MM, highlighting diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. A 56-year-old female presented with headaches, vomiting, epistaxis, and cranial nerve deficits. Cerebral imaging revealed a 65-mm tumor infiltrating the sphenoid bone and adjacent structures. Subtotal resection was performed using an endoscopic nasal approach. Histopathology revealed plasmacytoma, and diagnostic workup confirmed MM. By the end of biological exploration, relapse of the sphenoid plasmacytoma was observed, and the patient was successfully treated with radiotherapy, immunochemotherapy, and autologous stem cell transplantation. After 18-month follow-up, sustained complete remission was confirmed. Although rare, the diagnosis of plasmacytoma should be considered in cases of skull base tumors. This localization is highly predictive of MM, warranting comprehensive investigations to initiate prompt and adequate management.

3.
J Chest Surg ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584375

RESUMO

Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare neoplasms arising from mesenchymal cells. Although most SFTs are benign, rare cases of metastasis have been reported at various sites. Complete surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment for both primary and recurrent or metastatic SFTs. Herein, we present a case of an SFT initially identified in the anterior mediastinum that later developed multiple metastases, even to the thyroid gland. The patient underwent repeated surgical resection and is currently being followed up in an outpatient setting.

4.
J Vet Sci ; 25(2): e19, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568821

RESUMO

A 2-year-old spayed female British Shorthair cat presented with an increased frequency and duration of cough since infant period. Based on radiographic, ultrasonographic, and computed tomography findings, peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia was considered so that repair surgery was planned. During celiotomy, lax diaphragm was identified instead of defect. Transabdominal diaphragmatic plication was performed to resolve lax diaphragm and to prevent recurrence by overlapping relatively normal part of diaphragm. Diagnosed with diaphragmatic eventration postoperatively, the cat showed improvement in clinical signs and imaging results. Transabdominal diaphragmatic plication is a suitable treatment; the patient maintained normally during a 14-month follow-up period.


Assuntos
Doenças do Gato , Eventração Diafragmática , Hérnia Diafragmática , Feminino , Gatos , Animais , Eventração Diafragmática/cirurgia , Eventração Diafragmática/veterinária , Diafragma/cirurgia , Hérnia Diafragmática/veterinária , Doenças do Gato/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças do Gato/cirurgia
5.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(9): 1555-1559, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576735

RESUMO

Evidence-based practice (EBP) has been the gold standard in healthcare for nearly three centuries and aims to assist physicians in providing the safest and most effective healthcare for their patients. The well-established hierarchy of evidence lists systematic reviews and meta-analyses at the top however these methodologies are not always appropriate or possible and in these instances case-control studies, case series and case reports are utilised to support EBP. Case-control studies allow simultaneous study of multiple risk factors and can be performed rapidly and relatively cheaply. A recent example was during the Coronavirus pandemic where case-control studies were used to assess the efficacy of personal protective equipment for healthcare workers. Case series and case reports also play a role in EBP and are particularly useful to study rare diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease in transgender and gender non-conforming individuals. They are also vital in generating and disseminating early signals and encouraging further research. Whilst these methodologies have weaknesses, particularly with regards to bias and loss of patient confidentiality for rare pathologies, they have an important part to play in EBP and when appropriately utilised can significantly impact upon clinical practice.

6.
Ann Med Surg (Lond) ; 86(4): 2067-2080, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576928

RESUMO

Background and objective: Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) has been found to have some interesting association with vaccinations. This paper mainly focuses on exploring different associations between COVID-19 vaccination and GBS. Methods: Electronic databases such as PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane, and Embase were searched using MESH terms for case reports published till 1 August 2023 from which 70 case reports were documented involving 103 individuals from 23 different countries. Result and discussion: The case reports were from a wide range of individuals aged from 13 to 87 years with an average age of 53±20 interquartile range years along with male predominance. The average time between receiving the vaccine and the onset of symptoms was 13.08±2.14 days. Prominent clinical features included back pain, facial diplegia, weakness, and paraesthesia whereas the main diagnostic studies were cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis and electromagnetic studies. The principal diagnostic clue was albumin-cytological dissociation in CSF while being negative for anti-ganglioside antibodies or SARS-CoV-2. Available treatment options consisted of intravenous immunoglobulin and Plasmapheresis. Patients with comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, permanent atrial fibrillation, hypothyroidism, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, asthma, osteoporosis, migraine, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ulcerative colitis, coeliac disease, seizures, bipolar disorder, endometriosis, multiple sclerosis, bell's palsy, squamous cell carcinoma, prostate cancer were included in our study. Conclusion: Overall, this review evaluated innovative and clinically relevant associations between COVID-19 vaccination and GBS. Understanding of this uncommon potential side effect of COVID-19 vaccination is crucial for prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Importantly, GBS should not be considered a contraindication to vaccination. This underscores the importance of ongoing research to enhance the safety and efficacy of COVID-19 vaccination efforts.

7.
Eur Heart J Case Rep ; 8(4): ytae128, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567279

RESUMO

Background: Giant cell myocarditis (GCM) is an inflammatory form of acute heart failure with high rates of cardiac transplantation or death. Standard acute treatment includes multi-drug immunosuppressive regimens. There is a small but growing number of case reports utilizing rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin in severe cases. Case summary: Two cases are presented with similar presentations and clinical courses. Both are middle-aged patients with no significant past medical history, who presented with new acute decompensated heart failure that quickly progressed to cardiogenic shock requiring inotropic and mechanical circulatory support. Both underwent endomyocardial biopsies that diagnosed GCM. Both were treated with a multi-agent immunosuppressive regimen, notably including rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin, with subsequent resolution of shock and recovery of left ventricular ejection fraction. Both remain transplant-free and without ventricular arrhythmias at 7 months and 26 months, respectively. Discussion: In aggregate, these cases are typical of GCM. They add to growing observational data that upfront rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin may reduce morbidity and mortality in GCM, including potentially preventing the need for complex interventions like orthotopic heart transplantation.

8.
Radiol Case Rep ; 19(6): 2323-2327, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38559656

RESUMO

Mediastinal malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT) is an exceedingly rare and aggressive neoplasm, particularly uncommon in infants. We present the case of a previously healthy 7-month-old male infant with mediastinal MRT. The patient initially presented with left eyelid ptosis and was otherwise asymptomatic. Initial investigations, including brain MRI, yielded unremarkable results, and the infant was discharged with vitamin B supplements. However, he was readmitted a week later with prolonged fever, poor feeding, diarrhea, and respiratory distress. Despite an initial diagnosis of bronchiolitis/viral respiratory tract infection, the patient's condition rapidly deteriorated. Subsequent evaluation revealed mediastinal MRT as the underlying cause. This case underscores the diagnostic challenges associated with mediastinal MRT in infants and highlights the importance of considering rare neoplastic etiologies in atypical clinical presentations.

9.
HCA Healthc J Med ; 5(1): 27-34, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560393

RESUMO

Introduction: Gastric bypass surgery is an effective surgical intervention for morbid obesity. However, it is not without risk. Gastric bypass surgery may produce malabsorptive or surgical complications, which can result in nutritional deficiencies as well as syndromes related to bacterial overgrowth in the blind loops of the bowel. Case Presentation: Severe nutritional deficiencies may occur due to patient noncompliance with the prescribed regimen, or arise secondary to malabsorptive or mechanical surgical complications. We describe a case of a 37-year-old female who underwent gastric bypass surgery and experienced a recalcitrant eczematous eruption with sporadic subcutaneous, purulent nodules which completely resolved after the reversal of her bariatric procedure. Conclusion: Since 2001, the number of morbidly obese patients who have undergone bariatric surgery has been increasing. As a result, clinicians can expect to more frequently encounter complications that can result from these procedures.

10.
HCA Healthc J Med ; 5(1): 39-43, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560396

RESUMO

Introduction: Primary mucinous carcinoma of the thyroid is an exceedingly rare malignancy that is histologically similar to mucinous carcinoma of other sites. Accurate diagnosis is a challenging yet crucial component of clinical management for both patients and our understanding of this rare disease. Case Presentation: We report the case of a 69-year-old male patient with primary mucinous carcinoma of the thyroid. Microscopic examination of a biopsy specimen showed fibrous tissue, which was extensively and irregularly infiltrated by a cytologically malignant epithelial neoplasm showing glandular differentiation with mucin production. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated that tumor cells were positive for TTF1, thyroglobulin, CK7, and PAX8. Co-expression of TTF1 and PAX8 is most commonly seen in thyroid tumors. These findings support our diagnosis of mucinous carcinoma of thyroid origin, which is rare and highly aggressive. Conclusion: In this report, we present the only documented case of primary mucinous carcinoma of the thyroid reported in the United States in the last decade. The diagnosis of primary mucinous carcinoma of the thyroid can be challenging. Therefore, we discuss and detail the clinicopathologic tumor profile and provide more current, detailed histological criteria to assist in the diagnosis of this rare disease.

11.
JPRAS Open ; 40: 190-193, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577347

RESUMO

We present a case of a 49-year-old man with a giant basal cell carcinoma of the back, with metastases in the lungs, liver, mediastinum and both adrenal glands. Neoadjuvant vismodegib was administered, after which wide local resection of the tumour was performed. There have been no signs of local recurrence.

12.
J Ayurveda Integr Med ; 15(2): 100905, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574517

RESUMO

Crush injuries to the foot have become increasingly prevalent in contemporary settings, primarily arising from incidents such as the impact of large objects falling onto the foot or involvement in traffic accidents. The complexity of treating these injuries is compounded by the intricate anatomy of the foot. In specific scenarios, the implementation of an integrated management approach could prove advantageous. In this report, we depict the case of a 23-year-old male who visited the Shalya OPD with a wound on his left foot caused by trauma. The wound covered the medial portion of the foot, involving the dorsal area, and measured roughly 20 cm by 9 cm and was unable to walk. We successfully managed the case by adopting an integrative approach. The Ayurvedic treatment included Panchavalkala kashaya for wound irrigation, as well as oral administration of Amalaki rasayana, Triphala guggulu, Shatavari churna and Ashwagandha churna. Jatyadi taila was topically applied. For the first seven days, in addition to these ayurvedic medications, we also employed analgesics and antibiotics to treat infection and pain. To accomplish early closure, we employed a split-thickness skin graft after sufficient granulation tissue had appeared. The wound was completely healed within three months and the patient was able to walk freely without any support. The combined approach yielded a promising result in this case.

13.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(2): e202310068, abr. 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1537959

RESUMO

El priapismo es una erección dolorosa y persistente acompañada o no de estímulo sexual. Una causa poco frecuente de esta anormalidad es la leucemia mieloide crónica. Se han reportado pocos casos de priapismo como manifestación inicial de una leucemia de este tipo en pacientes adolescentes. A continuación, se informa el caso de un paciente de 16 años de edad que presentó priapismo como manifestación inicial de una leucemia mieloide crónica. Durante su evolución, no se realizó aspiración de los cuerpos cavernosos. Se inició tratamiento hematológico específico y, ante la persistencia del priapismo, fue necesario realizar un shunt de cuerpos cavernosos en dos ocasiones, tratamiento a pesar del cual existen altas probabilidades de secuelas.


Priapism is a painful and persistent erection, with or without sexual stimulation. A rare cause of such abnormality is chronic myeloid leukemia. Few cases of priapism as an initial manifestation of this type of leukemia have been reported in adolescent patients. Here we describe the case of a 16-year-old patient who presented with priapism as the initial manifestation of chronic myeloid leukemia. No cavernosal aspiration was performed. A specific hematological treatment was started and, given the persistence of priapism, the patient required 2 corpora cavernosa shunt procedures; despite this treatment, there is a high probability of sequelae.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Priapismo/complicações , Priapismo/etiologia , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/complicações , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/diagnóstico , Doença Crônica
14.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 117: 109456, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452645

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare mesenchymal tumors with varied clinical presentations. This case report highlights the significance of recognizing atypical GIST presentations, such as hematemesis, especially in resource-limited settings. CASE PRESENTATION: A 52-year-old male from an economically disadvantaged background presented with hematemesis and severe anemia. Initial investigations suggested iron deficiency anemia, but further evaluation revealed a gastric mass, raising suspicion of GIST. Despite limited resources, a distal radical gastrectomy confirmed the GIST diagnosis, and the patient underwent surgical resection followed by imatinib therapy. CLINICAL DISCUSSION: This case underscores the diagnostic challenges posed by GISTs and the importance of imaging studies, given their often nonspecific symptoms. Limited resources and economic constraints in low-income settings can hinder comprehensive diagnosis and treatment. Access to specialized oncological services is crucial for accurate management. CONCLUSION: Early recognition and management of GIST, even in atypical presentations like hematemesis, can significantly impact patient outcomes. This case report highlights the need for improved healthcare infrastructure in low-resource settings and calls for initiatives to ensure equitable access to diagnostic tests and appropriate treatment for rare diseases like GIST.

15.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 117: 109443, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458018

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Chondrosarcoma of the manubrium sterni is an exceedingly rare localization of chondrosarcoma. Its treatment poses a significant therapeutic challenge due to the tumor's proximity to the mediastinal organs and the clavicles. This challenge is magnified when the inner ends need to be resected due to tumor contact with the sternoclavicular joints and, more critically, during the reconstruction of the thoracic wall. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 71-year-old female with a 45x42x51 mm chondrosarcoma of the manubrium sterni, extending to both sternoclavicular joints. The diagnosis was confirmed cytologically and histologically after an ultrasound-guided biopsy. A surgical strategy involving en bloc resection of the manubrium sterni, the internal ends of both clavicles, and the first two ribs, followed by sternal reconstruction using a synthetic manubrial plate and titanium costal staples without clavicular bridging, was indicated and executed. CLINICAL DISCUSSION: This case outlines the surgical considerations and techniques adopted for this complex procedure, emphasizing the operative planning and interdisciplinary collaboration required for a successful outcome. CONCLUSION: At 18 months post-surgery, the patient demonstrated favorable clinical and radiological progress, indicating a positive response to the treatment strategy employed.

16.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 117: 109503, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471212

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Idiopathic Scrotal Calcinosis (ISC) is a rare and benign dermatological condition, characterized by the formation of calcified nodules on the scrotal skin. CASE PRESENTATION: A 47-year-old man with a 15-year history of painless, chamois-colored nodules on his scrotum. Surgical excision of the affected skin was performed, followed by primary closure, with histopathological examination confirming ISC. The patient recovered well with no recurrence noted at a 14-month follow-up. CLINICAL DISCUSSION: The etiology of ISC remains uncertain, with theories ranging from dystrophic calcification of epidermal cysts to Dartos muscle degeneration. In this case, no signs of epithelial cells or anatomical structure degeneration were observed, supporting the idiopathic nature of ISC. Treatment is typically surgical and aimed at aesthetic or symptomatic relief. While surgery is generally effective, the literature indicates a variable risk of recurrence, underscoring the need for long-term follow-up. CONCLUSION: This report contributes to the understanding of ISC, highlighting its idiopathic nature and the diversity of its etiological theories. It reinforces the effectiveness of surgical treatment for symptomatic relief and underscores the importance of ongoing research to elucidate the condition's etiology and optimize patient care.

17.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 117: 109531, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507938

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor (AT/RT) is a rare aggressive neoplasm that mainly affects the pediatric population with a peak incidence in the first two years of life and a slight male predominance, whereas presentation of this neoplasm in older ages is extremely rare. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein, we present two cases of AT/RT. In the first case, a 9-year-old female presented with diplopia, dizziness, headache, and morning vomiting. CT Scan of the head demonstrated a heterogeneous mass in the left frontal-parietal region with vasogenic edema and midline deviation. In the second case, a 57-year-old female presented with severe generalized headache, numbness, and tingling in the right hand. MRI revealed a lobulated cystic mass in the right occipitotemporal region, with surrounding edema compressing the left lateral ventricle and causing a midline shift to the left, and enlargement of the right lateral ventricle. In both case, histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations revealed the diagnosis of Atypical teratoid/Rhabdoid tumors. CLINICAL DISCUSSION: Microscopic examination demonstrated the proliferation of medium-sized to large cells with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm, large vesicular eccentric nuclei, and conspicuous nucleoli with areas of necrosis and hemorrhage, thus confirming the diagnosis with adequate immunohistochemical staining. The first patient developed signs of recurrence and passed away six months later, whereas in the second case, the 57-year-old female received radiotherapy for 6 weeks before being put on chemotherapy. CONCLUSION: Despite the challenges facing the diagnosis of this aggressive neoplasm, we managed to present our cases with detailed histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations.

18.
Cureus ; 16(2): e53460, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38435162

RESUMO

One of the most frequently encountered congenital anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract is the Meckel's diverticulum. Perforation of the diverticulum, a rare complication, can significantly hinder accurate diagnosis of the condition. Other common complications associated with Meckel's diverticulum include intestinal obstruction, intussusception, volvulus, inflammation, and hemorrhage. The presentation is similar to the presentation of appendicitis at times. Formation of a phlegmon around a perforated Meckel's diverticulum can mask clinical signs and symptoms. We present a case of a 59-year-old man who presented with pain in the right upper and lower quadrants. After imaging, the patient underwent exploratory laparotomy, which revealed a perforated Meckel's diverticulum. This case highlights the importance of considering Meckel's diverticulum as a possible diagnosis in patients presenting with acute abdominal pain. A thorough approach to history and physical exam combined with imaging can help in the early diagnosis of a perforated Meckel's diverticulum.

19.
J Ovarian Res ; 17(1): 57, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38444000

RESUMO

Mesonephric-like adenocarcinoma is a new class of rare subtypes of the female reproductive system. Its clinical symptoms are similar to other types of ovarian tumors. The diagnosis is based on pathological and immunohistochemical methods. The main treatment option is surgery combined with chemotherapy. Few cases have been reported at home and abroad. We reported a case of a 45-year-old woman with a cystic solid mass in the left adnexa. The postoperative pathological diagnosis was mesonephric-like adenocarcinoma of the left ovary and mature cystic teratoma (partial infiltration of the small intestine). This case had no specific clinical symptoms. Immunohistochemical findings showed positive results of GATA3, TTF1, CD10, ER, and PR. Paclitaxel and carboplatin chemotherapy were given after the operation. Currently, no specific criteria are available for diagnosis and treatment of the disease. This article aims to improve the understanding of clinicians in this disease and create a basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Pelve , Carboplatina
20.
SAGE Open Med Case Rep ; 12: 2050313X241235823, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38444697

RESUMO

Onychomycosis is the most prevalent nail disease and is frequently encountered in clinical practice. Despite having multiple therapeutic options, of which systemic antifungals are the most effective, treatment is not always mandatory in all patients. Especially when considering systemic treatment, the risk of adverse reactions may outweigh the potential benefits of treatment. In this case report, we present a clinical case of a 49-year-old male patient with a blank past medical history who experienced a severe drug eruption from terbinafine prescribed for mild onychomycosis that required discontinuation of terbinafine, additional evaluation, and treatment of this adverse reaction.

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