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1.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 83: 1-10, 2023. mapas, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX, VETINDEX | ID: vti-765522

RESUMO

Estuaries receive daily inputs of chemical elements which can impact the quality of water and sediment, as well as the health of biota. In addition to the sediment, bivalve mollusks have been used in the chemical monitoring of these systems. This study investigated the presence and contents of As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn in superficial sediment and in bivalves (Crassostrea gasar, C. rhizophorae and Mytella guyanensis) from estuaries in the south / extreme south of Bahia State, northeast Brazil. The samples were evaluated with inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES, Varian 710). Except for Cd, all other elements were found in the samples, being that Co was exclusive in the sediment. The estuaries equivalent to sampling stations #1 - Valença, #2 - Taperoá, #3 - Ilhéus and #4 - Belmonte showed levels of metals compatibles with those established by the Brazilian legislation, however, the #5 - Santa Cruz Cabrália, in addition to the presence of As, presented a high level of Pb and Cu in C. gasar, which was attributed to the impacts of nautical activities in that locality.(AU)


Estuários recebem entradas diárias de elementos químicos, que podem impactar a qualidade de água e do sedimento, assim como a saúde da biota. Além do sedimento, moluscos bivalves têm sido utilizados no monitoramento químico desses sistemas. Neste estudo investigou-se a presença e os teores de As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb e Zn no sedimento superficial e em bivalves (Crassostrea gasar, C. rhizophorae e Mytella guyanensis) de estuários do sul / extremo sul do estado da Bahia, Nordeste do Brasil. As amostras foram avaliadas por espectrometria de emissão óptica de plasma indutivamente acoplado (ICP-OES, Varian 710). Exceto Cd, todos os demais elementos foram encontrados nas amostras, sendo que Co foi exclusivo no sedimento. Os estuários equivalentes às estações amostrais #1 - Valença, #2 - Taperoá, #3 - Ilhéus e #4 - Belmonte mostraram níveis de metais compatíveis com os estabelecidos pela legislação brasileira, porém, a #5 - Santa Cruz Cabrália, além da presença de As, apresentou alto nível de Pb e de Cu em C. gasar, o que foi atribuído aos impactos por atividades náuticas nesse local.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Bivalves , Sedimentos/análise , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Poluição de Estuários/análise
2.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 83: 1-7, 2023. mapas, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX, VETINDEX | ID: vti-765490

RESUMO

To investigate the role of cow dung in soil reclamation and bio assimilation along with bio accumulation of heavy metals in earthworm (P. posthuma) (N=900) earthworms were used and treatment groups of CD-soil mixture of different proportion of cow dung were designed. Nonlethal doses of lead acetate and cadmium chloride were added in treatment groups. Mature P. posthuma were released in each experimental pot maintaining the favorable conditions. The pH, carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, exchangeable cations, and heavy metal level of each mixture was evaluated. The results indicated that bio-assimilation of Pb and Cd by P. posthuma were significantly (P ˂ 0.01) higher in different soil-CD treatments compared to control. Highest bio-assimilation of both metals was observed in T¹ of both groups (Pb = 563.8 mg/kg and Cd = 42.95 mg/kg). The contents of both metals were significantly (P ˂ 0.05) lowered in casting. The nutrient concentration in the final castings of all soil-CD treatments were also equally transformed from less or insoluble to more soluble and available for plants, except for carbon level which increased with CD proportion. It is concluded that cow dung as organic matter has a positive effect on soil reclamation and bio-assimilation of metals by P. posthuma.(AU)


Para investigar o papel do esterco de vaca na recuperação do solo e bioassimilação, juntamente com a bioacumulação de metais pesados em minhocas (P. posthuma) (N = 900), minhocas foram usadas e grupos de tratamento de mistura CD-solo de diferentes proporções de esterco de vaca foram projetados. Doses não letais de acetato de chumbo e cloreto de cádmio foram adicionadas aos grupos de tratamento. P. posthuma maduros foram liberados em cada vaso experimental, mantendo as condições favoráveis. Foram avaliados o pH, carbono, nitrogênio, fósforo, cátions trocáveis e nível de metais pesados de cada mistura. Os resultados indicaram que a bioassimilação de Pb e Cd por P. posthuma foi significativamente (P ˂ 0,01) maior em diferentes tratamentos de solo-CD em relação ao controle. A maior bioassimilação de ambos os metais foi observada em T1 de ambos os grupos (Pb = 563,8 mg / kg e Cd = 42,95 mg / kg). O conteúdo de ambos os metais foi significativamente (P ˂ 0,05) reduzido na fundição. A concentração de nutrientes nas fundições finais de todos os tratamentos de solo-CD também foi igualmente transformada de menos ou insolúvel para mais solúvel e disponível para as plantas, exceto o nível de carbono que aumenta com a proporção de CD. Conclui-se que o esterco de vaca como matéria orgânica tem um efeito positivo na recuperação do solo e na bioassimilação de metais por P. posthuma.(AU)


Assuntos
Oligoquetos , Esterco/análise , Chumbo/administração & dosagem , Cádmio/administração & dosagem , Tratamento do Solo/métodos
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245197, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1360198

RESUMO

Abstract The water quality parameters of a fish pond are essential to be managing properly under control for successful operations of fish culture. Improper management of pond water quality during the juvenile stages can create stressful conditions to produce various harmful diseases, which may decrease the fish quality and results in low profits. The present study was aimed to monitored important water quality parameters of nursery ponds of Labeo rohita culturing in Bannu fish hatchery. The study duration was 75 days extends from 10th June to 24th August 2019 for the successful culture of this specie which can play a significant role in breeding season. Furthermore, the concentration of some heavy metals like copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), cadmium (Cd), and zinc (Zn) in pond water and fry stages of this species was also determined. The data obtained from all water quality parameters were analyzed expressed as range, mean and standard deviation using MS Excel 2013. The obtained results of 75 days study revealed that the water pH & temperature, electric conductivity, total dissolved solids (TDS), and total dissolved oxygen (DO) of pond water samples were found within a tolerable limit except salinity and dissolved ammonia concentration were not permissible for fish growth. The average concentration of heavy metals in pond water exhibited descending order Fe>Ni>Mn>Zn>Cd>Ni, which was found in acceptable ranges. Whereas, the average values of heavy metals in fry stages were in the order of Zn>Fe>Ni>Cu>Cd>Mn, and found within the recommended values of WHO/FAO. Thus, it was concluded from this study that good water quality is a precondition, maintaining balanced levels of water quality parameters is fundamental for both the health and growth of fish culture which is quite necessary for assuring increased fish productivity. It is recommended to monitor and assess water quality parameters on a routine basis for promoting healthy fish culture.


Resumo Os parâmetros de qualidade da água de um viveiro de peixes são essenciais para um manejo adequado e sob controle para operações bem-sucedidas de piscicultura. O manejo inadequado da qualidade da água do tanque durante os estágios juvenis pode criar condições estressantes para a produção de várias doenças nocivas, o que pode diminuir a qualidade do peixe e resultar em baixos lucros. O presente estudo teve como objetivo monitorar importantes parâmetros de qualidade da água de viveiros de cultivo de Labeo rohita em incubadora de peixes Bannu. A duração do estudo foi de 75 dias, estendendo-se de 10 de junho a 24 de agosto de 2019 para o sucesso do cultivo dessa espécie que pode desempenhar papel significativo na época de reprodução. Além disso, a concentração de alguns metais pesados como cobre (Cu), níquel (Ni), manganês (Mn), ferro (Fe), cádmio (Cd) e zinco (Zn) na água do tanque e estágios de fritura dessa espécie também foram determinados. Os dados obtidos de todos os parâmetros de qualidade da água foram analisados expressos como faixa, média e desvio padrão usando o MS Excel 2013. Os resultados obtidos de 75 dias de estudo revelaram que o pH e temperatura da água, condutividade elétrica, sólidos totais dissolvidos (TDS) e total de oxigênio dissolvido (OD) das amostras de água do lago foram encontrados dentro de um limite tolerável, exceto salinidade e concentração de amônia dissolvida não eram permitidas para o crescimento dos peixes. A concentração média de metais pesados ​​na água da lagoa apresentou ordem decrescente Fe > Ni > Mn > Zn > Cd > Ni, que foi encontrada em faixas aceitáveis. Já os valores médios dos metais pesados ​​nos estágios de fritura foram da ordem de Zn > Fe > Ni > Cu > Cd > Mn, e encontrados dentro dos valores recomendados pela OMS/FAO. Assim, concluiu-se deste estudo que a boa qualidade da água é uma condição prévia, manter níveis equilibrados dos parâmetros de qualidade da água é fundamental para a saúde e crescimento da piscicultura, o que é bastante necessário para garantir o aumento da produtividade piscícola. Recomendam-se monitorar e avaliar os parâmetros de qualidade da água em uma base rotineira para promover a piscicultura saudável.

4.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e247562, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339410

RESUMO

Abstract To investigate the role of cow dung in soil reclamation and bio assimilation along with bio accumulation of heavy metals in earthworm (P. posthuma) (N=900) earthworms were used and treatment groups of CD-soil mixture of different proportion of cow dung were designed. Nonlethal doses of lead acetate and cadmium chloride were added in treatment groups. Mature P. posthuma were released in each experimental pot maintaining the favorable conditions. The pH, carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, exchangeable cations, and heavy metal level of each mixture was evaluated. The results indicated that bio-assimilation of Pb and Cd by P. posthuma were significantly (P ˂ 0.01) higher in different soil-CD treatments compared to control. Highest bio-assimilation of both metals was observed in T1 of both groups (Pb = 563.8 mg/kg and Cd = 42.95 mg/kg). The contents of both metals were significantly (P ˂ 0.05) lowered in casting. The nutrient concentration in the final castings of all soil-CD treatments were also equally transformed from less or insoluble to more soluble and available for plants, except for carbon level which increased with CD proportion. It is concluded that cow dung as organic matter has a positive effect on soil reclamation and bio-assimilation of metals by P. posthuma.


RESUMO Para investigar o papel do esterco de vaca na recuperação do solo e bioassimilação, juntamente com a bioacumulação de metais pesados ​​em minhocas (P. posthuma) (N = 900), minhocas foram usadas e grupos de tratamento de mistura CD-solo de diferentes proporções de esterco de vaca foram projetados. Doses não letais de acetato de chumbo e cloreto de cádmio foram adicionadas aos grupos de tratamento. P. posthuma maduros foram liberados em cada vaso experimental, mantendo as condições favoráveis. Foram avaliados o pH, carbono, nitrogênio, fósforo, cátions trocáveis ​​e nível de metais pesados ​​de cada mistura. Os resultados indicaram que a bioassimilação de Pb e Cd por P. posthuma foi significativamente (P ˂ 0,01) maior em diferentes tratamentos de solo-CD em relação ao controle. A maior bioassimilação de ambos os metais foi observada em T1 de ambos os grupos (Pb = 563,8 mg / kg e Cd = 42,95 mg / kg). O conteúdo de ambos os metais foi significativamente (P ˂ 0,05) reduzido na fundição. A concentração de nutrientes nas fundições finais de todos os tratamentos de solo-CD também foi igualmente transformada de menos ou insolúvel para mais solúvel e disponível para as plantas, exceto o nível de carbono que aumenta com a proporção de CD. Conclui-se que o esterco de vaca como matéria orgânica tem um efeito positivo na recuperação do solo e na bioassimilação de metais por P. posthuma.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Oligoquetos , Poluentes do Solo , Metais Pesados/análise , Solo , Cádmio , Bovinos , Bioacumulação
5.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e249641, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339363

RESUMO

Abstract Estuaries receive daily inputs of chemical elements which can impact the quality of water and sediment, as well as the health of biota. In addition to the sediment, bivalve mollusks have been used in the chemical monitoring of these systems. This study investigated the presence and contents of As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn in superficial sediment and in bivalves (Crassostrea gasar, C. rhizophorae and Mytella guyanensis) from estuaries in the south / extreme south of Bahia State, northeast Brazil. The samples were evaluated with inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES, Varian 710). Except for Cd, all other elements were found in the samples, being that Co was exclusive in the sediment. The estuaries equivalent to sampling stations #1 - Valença, #2 - Taperoá, #3 - Ilhéus and #4 - Belmonte showed levels of metals compatibles with those established by the Brazilian legislation, however, the #5 - Santa Cruz Cabrália, in addition to the presence of As, presented a high level of Pb and Cu in C. gasar, which was attributed to the impacts of nautical activities in that locality.


Resumo Estuários recebem entradas diárias de elementos químicos, que podem impactar a qualidade de água e do sedimento, assim como a saúde da biota. Além do sedimento, moluscos bivalves têm sido utilizados no monitoramento químico desses sistemas. Neste estudo investigou-se a presença e os teores de As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb e Zn no sedimento superficial e em bivalves (Crassostrea gasar, C. rhizophorae e Mytella guyanensis) de estuários do sul / extremo sul do estado da Bahia, Nordeste do Brasil. As amostras foram avaliadas por espectrometria de emissão óptica de plasma indutivamente acoplado (ICP-OES, Varian 710). Exceto Cd, todos os demais elementos foram encontrados nas amostras, sendo que Co foi exclusivo no sedimento. Os estuários equivalentes às estações amostrais #1 - Valença, #2 - Taperoá, #3 - Ilhéus e #4 - Belmonte mostraram níveis de metais compatíveis com os estabelecidos pela legislação brasileira, porém, a #5 - Santa Cruz Cabrália, além da presença de As, apresentou alto nível de Pb e de Cu em C. gasar, o que foi atribuído aos impactos por atividades náuticas nesse local.


Assuntos
Animais , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Bivalves , Metais Pesados/análise , Brasil , Monitoramento Ambiental , Estuários , Sedimentos Geológicos
6.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 891034, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35497333

RESUMO

In recent years, faced with the improvement of environmental quality problems, cellulose and cellulose-based (nano) composites have attracted great attention as adsorbents. In this review article, we first report the recent progress of modification and functionalization of cellulose adsorbents. In addition, the adsorbents produced by the modification and functionalization of carboxymehyl cellulose are also introduced. Moreover, the cellulose-based (nano) composites as adsorbents are reviewed in detail. Finally, the development prospect of cellulose and cellulose-based (nano) composites is studied in the field of the environment. In this review article, a critical comment is given based on our knowledge. It is believed that these biomass adsorbents will play an increasingly important role in the field of the environment.

7.
Environ Pollut ; : 119280, 2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35500712

RESUMO

Marine sediments act as a sink for various heavy metals, which may have profound impact on sedimentary microbiota. However, our knowledge about the collaborative response of bacterial community to chronic heavy metal contamination remains little. In this study, concentrations of seven heavy metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Pb, and Zn) in sediments collected from the East China Sea were analyzed and Illumina Miseq 16S rRNA sequencing was applied to characterize the structure of bacterial community. Microbiota inhabiting sediments in the East China Sea polluted with heavy metals showed different community composition from relatively pristine sites. The response of bacterial community to heavy metal stress was further interrogated with weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA). WGCNA revealed ten bacterial modules exhibiting distinct co-occurrence patterns and among them, five modules were related to heavy metal pollution. Three of them were positively correlated with an increase in at least one heavy metal concentration, hubs (more influential bacterial taxa) of which were previously reported to be involved in the geochemical cycling of heavy metals or possess tolerance to heavy metals, while another two modules showed opposite patterns. Our research suggested that ecological functional transition might have occurred in East China Sea sediments by shifts of community composition with sensitive modules majorly involved in the meaningful global biogeochemical cycling of carbon, sulfur, and nitrogen replaced by more tolerant groups of bacteria due to long-term exposure to low-concentration heavy metals. Hubs may serve as indicators of perturbations of benthic bacterial community caused by heavy metal pollution and support monitoring remediation of polluted sites in marine environments.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35503147

RESUMO

Kumarkhali upazila in Kushtia district of western Bangladesh has become especially vulnerable to dye-effluent pollution over the last two decades. Twenty dyeing effluent samples were obtained at random from various dyeing units and used to determine the heavy metal concentration. The effluent pH, electrical conductivity and total dissolved solids ranged from 3.69 to 13.68, 627 to 7160 mS cm-1 and 4140 to 19800 mg L-1, respectively. In dyeing effluents, the average concentrations of Zn, Cu, Pb, Mn, Fe and Cr ions were 5.50, 82.75, 6.80, 14.27, 66.03 and 65.28 µg mL-1, respectively, while the amount of Cd was barely detectable. Total annual discharges of Cu, Zn, Pb, Mn, Fe and Cr were found to be 21.52, 1.43, 1.77, 3.71, 17.12 and 16.98 kg year-1, respectively, which were high enough to pollute the local environment. According to the survey report, only a minority were aware of public safety measures and proper disposal procedures, though many respondents were conscious of the dangers associated with dyes and chemical substances. Most interviewees (58.33%) used synthetic dyes and other dangerous chemicals throughout the dyeing process, despite the fact that 43.33% did not use hand gloves. A remarkable 80% of respondents were improperly disposing of unused dyes and chemicals. Overall, there was a lack of awareness, right attitude and appropriate behavioural patterns about using dyeing chemicals. To prevent the negative effects of dyeing effluents on the community in the research area, environmental conservation rules should be appropriately implemented.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35503150

RESUMO

Considering its richness in organic and inorganic mineral nutrients, the recycling of sewage sludge (SS) is highly considered as a soil supplement in agriculture. However, the fate of hazardous heavy metal accumulation in the crops cultivated in SS amended soils is always a source of concern. Since nanoparticles are widely recognized to reduce heavy metal uptake by crop plants; thus, the present experiment deals with okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) cultivation under the combined application of SS and TiO2-nanoparticles (NPs). Triplicated pot experiments were conducted using different doses of SS and TiO2-NPs such as 0 g/kg SS (control), 50 g/kg SS, 50 g/kg SS + TiO2, 100 g/kg SS, and 100 g/kg SS + TiO2, respectively. The findings of this study indicated that among the doses of treatment combinations investigated, 100 g/kg SS + TiO2 showed a significant (p < 0.05) increase in the okra plant yield (287.87 ± 4.06 g/plant) and other biochemical parameters such as fruit length (13.97 ± 0.54 cm), plant height (75.05 ± 3.18 cm), superoxide dismutase (SOD: 110.68 ± 3.11 µ/mg), catalase (CAT: 81.32 ± 3.52 µ/mg), and chlorophyll content (3.12 ± 0.05 mg/g fwt.). Also, the maximum contents of six heavy metals in the soil and cultivated okra plant tissues (fruit, stem, and root regions) followed the order of Fe > Mn > Cu > Zn > Cr > Cd using the same treatment. Bioaccumulation and health risk assessment indicated that foliar application of TiO2-NPs significantly reduced the fate of heavy metal accumulation under higher doses of SS application. Therefore, the findings of this study suggested that the combined use of SS and TiO2-NPs may be useful in ameliorating the negative consequences of heavy metal accumulation in cultivated okra crops.

10.
Toxicol Ind Health ; 38(5): 249-258, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35513769

RESUMO

Amiodarone (AMD) is an antiarrhythmic drug that induces idiosyncratic toxicity. Environmental pollutants, including heavy metals, could interact with its toxicity by affecting pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Other levels of interaction could exist in yeast, such as oxidative stress and the general stress response. In this study, we investigated the interaction of mercury chloride (HgCl2) and cadmium chloride (CdCl2) with AMD toxicity on Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Interaction type - synergistic, additive, or antagonistic - was determined by median drug effect analysis using "CompuSyn". HgCl2 potentiated AMD toxicity at high doses (≥ 71.4 µm, which yielded more than 60% inhibition). CdCl2 acted similarly at high doses (≥ 57.9 µm). An antagonistic effect appeared at lower doses with both heavy metals (≤ 49.4 µm for HgCl2 and AMD; ≤ 18.9 µm for CdCl2 and AMD). The threshold concentrations (HgCl2 or CdCl2 combined with AMD) that switched the interaction from antagonistic to additive, and then to synergistic, were decreased in the yeast strain mutant in catalase (CTT1), suggesting an important role for this enzyme. Moreover, mutation of the nutrient sensing receptor gene GPR1 caused the synergistic interaction of CdCl2, but not HgCl2, with AMD to occur at the lowest tested concentrations (1.2 µm). The reverse was obtained with the mutant strain in calcium-manganese transporter gene PMR1, where the synergistic interaction of HgCl2 with AMD occurred at concentrations (20.7 µm) lower than that of the wild type (71.4 µm). These results demonstrated a dose-dependent interaction between the two heavy metals with AMD toxicity, and the involvement of oxidative stress, calcium homeostasis, and nutrient sensing in the observed interaction.


Assuntos
Amiodarona , Mercúrio , Metais Pesados , Amiodarona/toxicidade , Cádmio/toxicidade , Cálcio , Mercúrio/toxicidade , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética
11.
Sci Total Environ ; : 155725, 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35526625

RESUMO

Exploring the relationships between heavy metal release and salinity can help address the problems of combination of toxic heavy metals and salinization in contaminated soils. Therefore, in this study, the release characteristics of heavy metals (Cd, Cu and Zn) under different salt types and mass concentrations were investigated through batch desorption experiments. Spearman's correlation analysis was performed to assess the effects of typical physicochemical properties on metal release under salt stress. The results indicated that the types and concentration gradients of salt had notably different impacts on the release of different metals; specifically, there were significant impacts for Cd but slight impacts for Cu and Zn. MgCl2 and CaCl2 had more obvious promoting effects on Cd release, followed by a salt mixture and NaCl, and this pattern was similar for Zn release. Most salts could slightly restrain the release of Cu, except for MgCl2 and Na2SO4, which had slight promoting effects. Moreover, low levels of CaCl2 could effectively restrain the release of Cu. The results showed that the release capacities of metals followed the order of Cd > Cu > Zn, possibly attributed to the competitive adsorption among cations. Ferromanganese oxides in the soil favored the release of Cd and Zn under salt treatments, and redox potential was an important factor affecting Cu release. The results also suggested that the background values of metals could affect metal release, but the effects were varied under different salt treatments for Zn. The reason for this may be that the addition of different salts changed the effects of certain soil properties on the metal release. Overall, this study can serve as an important reference for controlling heavy metal pollution in soils in salinization and coastal areas.

12.
J Basic Microbiol ; 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35551685

RESUMO

Through the years, the genus Amycolatopsis has demonstrated its biotechnological potential. The need to clean up the environment and produce new antimicrobial molecules led to exploit promising bacterial genera such as Amycolatopsis. In this present work, we analyze the genome of the strain Amycolatopsis tucumanensis AB0 previously isolated from copper-polluted sediments. Phylogenomic and comparative analysis with the closest phylogenetic neighbor was performed. Our analysis showed the genetic potential of the strain to deal with heavy metals such as copper and mitigate oxidative stress. In addition, the ability to produce copper oxide nanoparticles and the presence of genes potentially involved in the synthesis of secondary metabolites suggest that A. tucumanensis may find utility in gray, red, and nano-biotechnology. To our knowledge, this is the first genomic analysis of an Amycolatopsis strain with potential for different biotechnological fields.

13.
Environ Anal Health Toxicol ; 37(1): e2022004-0, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35500887

RESUMO

Genotoxicity and oxidative stress potential of Ajakanga Landfill Leachate (ALL) were investigated in this study. Forty-two male albino rats of the Wistar strain (100 g and 150 g) were divided equally into six groups. Group A (control) animals were given distilled water as drinking water for forty-five days; while groups B-F animals were exposed to 12.5%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% leachate respectively via drinking water for forty-five days. The effect of the leachate was assessed on markers of oxidative stress in the liver, kidney and testes of rats; markers of liver function (Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were determined in the serum and the genotoxic effect of the leachate was investigated using micronucleus assay. Physicochemical and heavy metal analysis were also carried out on the leachate sample. Exposure to ALL resulted in increase in the activities of ALT and AST. A significant increase in malondialdehyde level as well as alterations in antioxidant status was observed in the liver, kidney and testes of the rats compared with control. There was also significant increase in micronuclei formation in the bone marrow of rats exposed to the leachate. Physicochemical and heavy metal analysis of the leachate revealed the presence of some heavy metals at high concentrations as well as other toxic constituents and the total number of active bacteria in the leachate sample were also high. In conclusion, ALL induced oxidative stress and genotoxicity in rats. This suggests that the leachate may be toxic to humans if exposure occurs.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567682

RESUMO

We designed and synthesised a magnetic adsorbent (Fe3O4@Si-OH@CS-Glu) combining chitosan-silanol groups with glutaraldehyde as a cross-linking agent, which has improved physicochemical properties and can be used to remove multiple heavy metals and bacteria from polluted water. The adsorbent was characterised with SEM, XRD, FTIR, BET, VSM, and zeta potential. Under optimum conditions, the adsorption efficiencies of Fe3O4@Si-OH@CS-Glu for Cr6+, As5+, Hg2+, and Se6+ were as high as 90.5%, 73.5%, 91.6%, and 100% respectively. In addition, Escherichia coli (gram-negative) and Staphylococcus aureus (gram-positive) can be removed after 2-4 adsorption cycles with 2.5 mg Fe3O4@Si-OH@CS-Glu. The main adsorption mechanism of the adsorbent for heavy metals and bacteria is electrostatic adsorption. Overall, the synthesised Fe3O4@Si-OH@CS-Glu adsorbent showed high removal efficiency and adsorption capacity with a stable structure and easy separation. It has promising applications for the removal of heavy metals and bacteria from water.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35536448

RESUMO

The aim of this research was to assess the distribution, sources, contamination status, ecological risk, and human health risk of heavy metals (HMs) in soil and sediments of a used-automobile spare part market in Nigeria. Forty-three (43) soil samples were collected within a spare part market section (SPMS-17 samples), market-residential section (MRES-10 samples), traffic section (TRAS-10 samples), and non-market residential section (NMRS- 6 samples). Fifteen (15) stream sediments were collected within and around SPMS. Based on average concentrations, HMs (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mo, Pb, and Zn) had their highest values in SPMS, and their minimum values were observed in NMRS. The high concentration was as a result of contributions from anthropogenic activities such as the direct discharge of used-lubricant oil, scrap metals, tire wear, and traffic emission in the environment. However, Al, Co, and Mn were derived from the geology of the area. The same trend was observed in the stream sediment section (STSS), except that in addition to Al, Co and Mn in soils, Cr was also sourced from geogenic activity. There were moderate to high enrichment/contamination factors of the anthropogenically sourced HMs, especially in the soil of SPMS, MRES, TRAS and stream sediments (STSS). Similarly, high potential ecological risk (Eri) and ecological risks (RI) were observed for As, Pb, and Cd in SPMS and STSS, while these were moderate in MRES and TRAS. Assessment of health risks was within acceptable limit for most of the HMs in the different sections for both adults and children, except As, Cd, and Pb in SPMS and STSS, which were beyond the acceptable limit for children. The carcinogenic risk was within the acceptable limit.

16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(7): 1913-1920, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534262

RESUMO

This study explored whether Sagittaria sagittifolia polysaccharides(SSP) activates the nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor2(Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1(HO-1) signaling pathway to protect against liver damage jointly induced by multiple heavy metals. First, based on the proportion of dietary intake of six heavy metals in rice available in Beijing market, a heavy metal mixture was prepared for inducing mouse liver injury and HepG2 cell injury. Forty male Kunming mice were divided into five groups: control group, model group, glutathione positive control group, and low-and high-dose SSP groups, with eight mice in each group. After 30 days of intragastric administration, the liver injury in mice was observed by HE staining. In the in vitro experiment, MTT assay was conducted to detect the effects of SSP at 0.25, 0.5, 1, and 2 mg·mL~(-1) on HepG2 cell survival at different time points. The content of alanine transaminase(ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase(AST) in the 48-h cell culture fluid was measured using micro-plate cultivation method, followed by the detection of the change in reactive oxygen species(ROS) content by flow cytometry. The mRNA expression levels of Nrf2 and HO-1 in cells were determined by RT-PCR, and their protein expression by Western blot. HE staining results showed that compared with the model group, the SSP administration groups exhibited significantly alleviated inflammatory cell infiltration and fatty infiltration in the liver, with better outcomes observed in the high-dose SSP group. In the in vitro MTT assay, compared with the model group, SSP at four concentrations all significantly increased the cell survival rate, decreased the ALT, AST, and ROS content(P<0.05), and down-regulated Nrf2 and HO-1 mRNA and protein expression(P<0.05). SSP significantly improves inflammatory infiltration in the liver tissue of mice exposed to a variety of heavy metals and corrects the liver fat degeneration, which may be related to its regulation of the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway, reduction of ROS, and alleviation of oxidative damage.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Sagittaria , Animais , Heme Oxigenase-1/genética , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Fígado , Masculino , Metais Pesados/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Sagittaria/genética , Sagittaria/metabolismo
17.
Chemosphere ; : 134788, 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35504464

RESUMO

Rapid industrialization, increased waste production and surge in agricultural activities, mining, contaminated irrigation water and industrial effluents contribute to the contamination of water resources due to heavy metal (HM) accumulation. Humans employ HM-contaminated resources to produce food, which eventually accumulates in the food chain. Decontamination of these valuable resources, as well as avoidance of additional contamination has long been needed to avoid detrimental health impacts. Phytoremediation is a realistic and promising strategy for heavy metal removal from polluted areas, based on the employment of hyper-accumulator plant species that are extremely tolerant to HMs present in the environment/soil. Green plants are used to remove, decompose, or detoxify hazardous metals in this technique. For soil decontamination, five types of phytoremediation methods have been used: phytostabilization, phytodegradation, rhizofiltration, phytoextraction and phytovolatilization. Traditional phytoremediation methods, on the other hand, have significant limits in terms of large-scale application, thus biotechnological efforts to modify plants for HM phytoremediation ways are being used to improve the efficacy of plants as HM decontamination candidates. It is relatively a new technology that is widely regarded as economic, efficient and unique besides being environment friendly. New metal hyperaccumulators with high efficiency are being explored and employed for their use in phytoremediation and phytomining. Therefore, this review comprehensively discusses different strategies and biotechnological approaches for the removal of various HM containments from the environment, with emphasis on the advancements and implications of phytoremediation, along with their applications in cleaning up various toxic pollutants. Moreover, sources, effects of HMs and factors affecting phytoremediation of HMs metals have also been discussed.

18.
Heliyon ; 8(4): e09279, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35497039

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to investigate the development of a new and inexpensive adsorbent by immobilization synthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) onto banana leaves powder (BLP), and the prepared composite (BLP)/(AgNPs) was used as an adsorbent for Zn(II), Pb(II), and Fe(III) ion removal from aqueous solutions under the influence of various reaction conditions. (BLP)/(AgNPs) demonstrated remarkable sensitivity toward Zn (II), Pb (II), and Fe (III) ions; metal ions eliminations increased with increasing contact time, agitation speed, adsorbent dose, and temperature, yielding adequate selectivity and ideal removal efficiency of 79%, 88%, and 91% for Zn (II), Pb (II), and Fe (III) ions, respectively, at pH = 5 for Zn(II) and pH = 6 for Pb(II), and Fe(III). The equilibrium contact time for elimination of Zn (II), Pb (II), and Fe (III) ions was reaches at 40 min. Langmuir, Freundlich, and Temkin equations were used to test the obtained experimental data. Langmuir isotherm model was found to be more accurate in representing the data of Zn(II), Pb(II), and Fe(III) ions adsorption onto (BLP)/(AgNPs), with a regression coefficient (R2 = 0.999) and maximum adsorption capacities of 190, 244, and 228 mg/g for Zn(II), Pb(II), and Fe(III) ions, respectively. The thermodynamic parameters proved that adsorption of metal ions is spontaneous, feasible, and endothermic, whereas Kinetic studies revealed that the process was best described by a pseudo second order kinetics.

19.
J Hazard Mater ; 435: 129036, 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523097

RESUMO

Heavy metal ion pollution has always been a stringent problem facing the global environment. Therefore, the detection of heavy metal ions has been extremely important and challenging. An efficient and simple method for the preparation of carbon-supported X-manganate (XNi, Zn, and Cu) nanocomposites was explored for the individual and simultaneous electrochemical detection of Pb(II) and Hg(II). The metallic salt solutions were mixed with graphene to form the precursors through a hydrothermal reaction, and calcined in the air to obtain the final products. The structure and morphology of the synthesized NiMn2O4-graphene (NMO-GR), ZnMn2O4-graphene (ZMO-GR), and CuMn2O4-graphene (CMO-GR) nanocomposites were characterized by various methods, and NMO-GR showed more excellent electrochemical performances by square wave anodic stripping voltammetry (SWASV) than ZMO-GR and CMO-GR. NMO-GR provided a large specific surface area, abundant reaction sites, and good electrical conductivity, thereby enhancing its electrochemical performance. The electrochemical sensor based on NMO-GR displayed the widest linear ranges (1.4-7.7 µM for Pb(II) and 0.7-6.7 µM for Hg(II)) and with the lowest detection limits (0.050 µM for Pb(II) and 0.027 µM for Hg(II)) than ZMO-GR and CMO-GR. This study offered a new way to simultaneously detect Pb(II) and Hg(II), and greatly expanded its application in the field of electrochemistry.

20.
Chemosphere ; : 134902, 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35561773

RESUMO

This study reports for the first-time the possibility of deploying gas production by thiosulfate utilizing denitrifying bacteria (TUDB) as a proxy to evaluate water toxicity. The test relies on gas production by TUDB due to inhibited metabolic activity in the presence of toxicants. Gas production was measured using a bubble-type respirometer. Optimization studies indicated that 300 mg NO3--N/L, 0.5 mL acclimated culture, and 2100 mg S2O32-/L were the ideal conditions facilitating the necessary volume of gas production for sensitive data generation. Determined EC50 values of the selected heavy metals were: Cr6+, 0.51 mg/L; Ag+, 2.90 mg/L; Cu2+, 2.90 mg/L; Ni2+, 3.60 mg/L; As3+, 4.10 mg/L; Cd2+, 5.56 mg/L; Hg2+, 8.06 mg/L; and Pb2+, 19.3 mg/L. The advantages of this method include operational simplicity through the elimination of cumbersome preprocessing procedures which are used to eliminate interferences caused by turbidity when the toxicity of turbid samples is determined via spectrophotometry.

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