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1.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 83: 1-15, 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX, VETINDEX | ID: vti-765481

RESUMO

Background: The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals. Aim: The study examined the expression of Neuroglobin (Ngb) and Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (Hif-1α) in adult and young yak brain tissues, and provided researchers with meaningful insight into the anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of this mammal. Method: The study employed immunohistochemistry (IHC), quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), and Western blot (WB) to obtain the results. Results: Ngb and Hif-1α were significantly (P<0.05) expressed in the cerebellar cortex, piriform lobe, medulla, and corpus callosum of the adult yak while in the young yak brain tissues, the protein expressions were significantly found in the white matter of the cerebellum, pineal gland, corpus callosum, and cerebellar cortex. The Ngb and Hif-1α expression showed similarities and differences. This may have resulted from similar animal species, source of nutrition, age factors, brain size, emotional activities, and communication. The findings documented that Ngb and Hif-1α are commonly expressed in various adult and young yak brain tissues. Multiple roles in the brain tissues of the adult and young yaks are involved in the expression and distribution and are proposed to play a significant role in the adaptation of the yak to the high altitude environment. Conclusion: This study provides meaningful data to understand the adaptive mechanism to hypoxia and recommended researchers to expand on the adaptive mechanism and brain tissues that are not recorded.(AU)


Contexto: O cérebro é um órgão que funciona como o centro do sistema nervoso em todos os animais vertebrados e na maioria dos invertebrados. Objetivo: O estudo examinou a expressão de neuroglobina (Ngb) e fator-1α indutível por hipóxia (Hif-1α) em tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens e forneceu aos pesquisadores uma visão significativa da anatomia, fisiologia e bioquímica desse mamífero. Método: O estudo utilizou imuno-histoquímica (IHC), PCR quantitativo em tempo real (qRT-PCR) e western blot (WB) para a obtenção dos resultados. Resultados: Ngb e Hif-1α foram significativamente (P < 0,05) expressos no córtex cerebelar, lobo piriforme, medula e corpo caloso do iaque adulto, enquanto nos tecidos cerebrais do iaque jovem as expressões proteicas foram encontradas significativamente na substância branca do cerebelo, glândula pineal, corpo caloso e córtex cerebelar. A expressão de Ngb e Hif-1α apresentou semelhanças e diferenças. Isso pode ter resultado de espécies animais semelhantes, fonte de nutrição, fatores de idade, tamanho do cérebro, atividades emocionais e comunicação. Os resultados documentaram que o Ngb e o Hif-1α são comumente expressos em vários tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens. Múltiplos papéis nos tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens estão envolvidos na expressão e distribuição e são propostos para desempenhar um papel significativo na adaptação do iaque ao ambiente de alta altitude. Conclusão: Este estudo fornece dados significativos para compreender o mecanismo adaptativo à hipóxia e recomendou que os pesquisadores expandissem o mecanismo adaptativo e os tecidos cerebrais que não foram registrados.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Bovinos , Bovinos , Cérebro/anatomia & histologia , Cérebro/fisiologia , Fenômenos Bioquímicos , Neuroglobina/análise , Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/análise
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245330, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339394

RESUMO

Abstract Background The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals. Aim The study examined the expression of Neuroglobin (Ngb) and Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (Hif-1α) in adult and young yak brain tissues, and provided researchers with meaningful insight into the anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of this mammal. Method The study employed immunohistochemistry (IHC), quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), and Western blot (WB) to obtain the results. Results Ngb and Hif-1α were significantly (P<0.05) expressed in the cerebellar cortex, piriform lobe, medulla, and corpus callosum of the adult yak while in the young yak brain tissues, the protein expressions were significantly found in the white matter of the cerebellum, pineal gland, corpus callosum, and cerebellar cortex. The Ngb and Hif-1α expression showed similarities and differences. This may have resulted from similar animal species, source of nutrition, age factors, brain size, emotional activities, and communication. The findings documented that Ngb and Hif-1α are commonly expressed in various adult and young yak brain tissues. Multiple roles in the brain tissues of the adult and young yaks are involved in the expression and distribution and are proposed to play a significant role in the adaptation of the yak to the high altitude environment. Conclusion This study provides meaningful data to understand the adaptive mechanism to hypoxia and recommended researchers to expand on the adaptive mechanism and brain tissues that are not recorded.


Resumo Contexto O cérebro é um órgão que funciona como o centro do sistema nervoso em todos os animais vertebrados e na maioria dos invertebrados. Objetivo O estudo examinou a expressão de neuroglobina (Ngb) e fator-1α indutível por hipóxia (Hif-1α) em tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens e forneceu aos pesquisadores uma visão significativa da anatomia, fisiologia e bioquímica desse mamífero. Método O estudo utilizou imuno-histoquímica (IHC), PCR quantitativo em tempo real (qRT-PCR) e western blot (WB) para a obtenção dos resultados. Resultados Ngb e Hif-1α foram significativamente (P < 0,05) expressos no córtex cerebelar, lobo piriforme, medula e corpo caloso do iaque adulto, enquanto nos tecidos cerebrais do iaque jovem as expressões proteicas foram encontradas significativamente na substância branca do cerebelo, glândula pineal, corpo caloso e córtex cerebelar. A expressão de Ngb e Hif-1α apresentou semelhanças e diferenças. Isso pode ter resultado de espécies animais semelhantes, fonte de nutrição, fatores de idade, tamanho do cérebro, atividades emocionais e comunicação. Os resultados documentaram que o Ngb e o Hif-1α são comumente expressos em vários tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens. Múltiplos papéis nos tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens estão envolvidos na expressão e distribuição e são propostos para desempenhar um papel significativo na adaptação do iaque ao ambiente de alta altitude. Conclusão Este estudo fornece dados significativos para compreender o mecanismo adaptativo à hipóxia e recomendou que os pesquisadores expandissem o mecanismo adaptativo e os tecidos cerebrais que não foram registrados.


Assuntos
Animais , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Hipóxia , Encéfalo , RNA Mensageiro , Bovinos , Neuroglobina
3.
Am J Transl Res ; 14(4): 2184-2198, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35559378

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether curcumin has a therapeutic effect on endometriosis (EM) and to determine the specific mechanism. METHODS: Network pharmacology was used to obtain the core targets of curcumin for the treatment of EM and the specific biologic processes involved. A mouse model of EM was constructed and divided into different groups, as follows: control, negative control, curcumin, and denogestrel. The number, volume, and degree of adhesions of the lesions in each group were measured. The levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, and VEGFA in the peritoneal cavity were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Western blot and Q-PCR were used to detect HIF-1α and VEGFA proteins and gene expression levels in the lesion tissues. RESULTS: Network pharmacology suggested that curcumin treated EM through the HIF signaling pathway, of which IL-6, HIF-1α, and VEGFA are key targets. The number of lesions, volume, and degree of adhesions were significantly reduced in the curcumin group compared to the negative control group and the control group (P < 0.05). IL-6, IL-1ß, and VEGFA levels were reduced in the peritoneal fluid (P < 0.05). HIF-1α and VEGFA protein and gene levels were significantly reduced in the lesions (P < 0.05). No modulation of HIF-1α was shown by denogestins. CONCLUSION: Curcumin played a role in the treatment of EM by modulating the HIF signaling pathway, improving the local hypoxia of the lesion, and reducing the inflammatory state of EM.

4.
F S Sci ; 3(2): 187-196, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35560016

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the antitumor effects of the selective hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) inhibitors echinomycin and PX-478 on uterine fibroids. DESIGN: Experimental study using in vitro primary culture systems and an in vivo mouse xenograft model. SETTING: Academic university center. PATIENT(S): Women with uterine fibroids who underwent hysterectomy or myomectomy. INTERVENTION(S): Administration of the selective HIF-1 inhibitors echinomycin and PX-478 to the media of the primary cultured uterine fibroid cells and to nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient mice bearing fibroid xenografts consisting of the primary cultured fibroid cells and type Ⅰ collagen gels beneath the kidney capsule. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Cell proliferation was measured by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. Apoptosis was evaluated by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling assay and by measuring caspase 3 and 7 activities. The xenografts were evaluated by gross appearance, surface area, and histology. The Ki-67 index was measured to evaluate proliferation of the xenografts. RESULT(S): Both echinomycin and PX-478 inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in fibroid cells cultured under hypoxia and normoxia. Enlargement of the fibroid xenografts was significantly attenuated. The Ki-67 index significantly decreased after the administration of the HIF-1 inhibitors in the xenograft model. Eight of 27 xenografts treated with the HIF-1 inhibitors contained calcification and hyalinizing components from 3 days after the grafting to 2 weeks, suggesting that the HIF-inhibitors induce degeneration of the fibroid xenografts. CONCLUSION(S): The selective HIF-1 inhibitors echinomycin and PX-478 show antitumor effects against uterine fibroids both in vitro and in vivo. These findings support the potential use of HIF-1 inhibitors for the treatment of uterine fibroids.

5.
Cell Biol Int ; 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35544947

RESUMO

The main reason for the high incidence of cardiovascular disease in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with vascular calcification (VC) is also the main cause of death in CKD patients. Lanthanum hydroxide (LH) has an inhibitory effect on VC in chronic renal failure; however, the mechanism of its inhibition is poorly defined. Here, we used network pharmacology analysis and found that hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is related to VC. In a CKD rat model induced by adenine combined with high phosphorus (1.2%), LH improved the survival rate and inhibited the occurrence and development of VC. In an in vitro study, we found that lanthanum chloride inhibited the occurrence of VC induced by high phosphorus and reduced the production of reactive oxygen species. This study thus revealed that LH can inhibit the occurrence and development of VC by inhibiting the activation of HIF-1.

6.
Int J Oncol ; 60(6)2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543151

RESUMO

Metabolic rewiring fuels rapid cancer cell proliferation by promoting adjustments in energetic resources, and increasing glucose uptake and its conversion into lactate, even in the presence of oxygen. Furthermore, solid tumors often contain hypoxic areas and can rapidly adapt to low oxygen conditions by activating hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)­1α and several downstream pathways, thus sustaining cell survival and metabolic reprogramming. Since TNF receptor­associated protein 1 (TRAP1) is a HSP90 molecular chaperone upregulated in several human malignancies and is involved in cancer cell adaptation to unfavorable environments and metabolic reprogramming, in the present study, its role was investigated in the adaptive response to hypoxia in human colorectal cancer (CRC) cells and organoids. In the present study, glucose uptake, lactate production and the expression of key metabolic genes were evaluated in TRAP1­silenced CRC cell models under conditions of hypoxia/normoxia. Whole genome gene expression profiling was performed in TRAP1­silenced HCT116 cells exposed to hypoxia to establish the role of TRAP1 in adaptive responses to oxygen deprivation. The results revealed that TRAP1 was involved in regulating hypoxia­induced HIF­1α stabilization and glycolytic metabolism and that glucose transporter 1 expression, glucose uptake and lactate production were partially impaired in TRAP1­silenced CRC cells under hypoxic conditions. At the transcriptional level, the gene expression reprogramming of cancer cells driven by HIF­1α was partially inhibited in TRAP1­silenced CRC cells and organoids exposed to hypoxia. Moreover, Gene Set Enrichment Analysis of TRAP1­silenced HCT116 cells exposed to hypoxia demonstrated that TRAP1 was involved in the regulation of ribosome biogenesis and this occurred with the inhibition of the mTOR pathway. Therefore, as demonstrated herein, TRAP1 is a key factor in maintaining HIF­1α­induced genetic/metabolic program under hypoxic conditions and may represent a promising target for novel metabolic therapies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Oxigênio , Hipóxia Celular , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Glucose/metabolismo , Glicólise , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipóxia , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Lactatos , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ribossomos/genética , Ribossomos/metabolismo , Ribossomos/patologia , Fator 1 Associado a Receptor de TNF/metabolismo
7.
Acta Physiol (Oxf) ; : e13826, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35491502

RESUMO

AIM: Erythropoietin (EPO) is regulated by hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-2. In the kidney, it is produced by cortico-medullary perivascular interstitial cells, which transdifferentiate into collagen-producing myofibroblasts in response to injury. Inhibitors of prolyl hydroxylase domain (PHD) dioxygenases (HIF-PHIs) activate HIF-2 and stimulate kidney and liver EPO synthesis in patients with anemia of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We examined whether HIF-PHIs can reactivate EPO synthesis in interstitial cells that have undergone myofibroblast transdifferentiation in established kidney fibrosis. METHODS: We investigated Epo transcription in myofibroblasts, we characterized the histological distribution of kidney Epo transcripts with RNA in situ hybridization combined with immunofluorescence and used lectin absorption chromatography to assess liver-derived EPO production in mice with adenine nephropathy treated with HIF-PHI molidustat. In addition, we examined kidney Epo transcription in Phd2 knockout mice with obstructive uropathy. RESULTS: In AN, molidustat-induced Epo transcripts were not found in areas of fibrosis and did not colocalize with interstitial cells that expressed α-smooth muscle actin, a marker of myofibroblast transdifferentiation. Epo transcription was associated with megalin-expressing, kidney injury molecule 1-negative nephron segments and contingent on residual renal function. Liver-derived EPO did not contribute to serum EPO in molidustat-treated mice. Epo transcription was not associated with myofibroblasts in Phd2 knockout mice with obstructive uropathy. CONCLUSIONS: Our studies suggest that HIF-PHIs do not reactivate Epo transcription in interstitial myofibroblasts and that their efficacy in inducing kidney EPO in CKD is dependent on the degree of myofibroblast formation, the preservation of renal parenchyma and the level of residual renal function.

8.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2451: 285-403, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35505024

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a non-to-minimally invasive treatment modality that utilizes photoactivatable drugs called photosensitizers to disrupt tumors with locally photoproduced reactive oxygen species (ROS). Photosensitizer activation by light results in hyperoxidative stress and subsequent tumor cell death, vascular shutdown and hypoxia, and an antitumor immune response. However, sublethally afflicted tumor cells initiate several survival mechanisms that account for decreased PDT efficacy. The hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) pathway is one of the most effective cell survival pathways that contributes to cell recovery from PDT-induced damage. Several hundred target genes of the HIF-1 heterodimeric complex collectively mediate processes that are involved in tumor cell survival directly and indirectly (e.g., vascularization, glucose metabolism, proliferation, and metastasis). The broad spectrum of biological ramifications culminating from the activation of HIF-1 target genes reflects the importance of HIF-1 in the context of therapeutic recalcitrance. This chapter elaborates on the involvement of HIF-1 in cancer biology, the hypoxic response mechanisms, and the role of HIF-1 in PDT. An overview of inhibitors that either directly or indirectly impede HIF-1-mediated survival signaling is provided. The inhibitors may be used as pharmacological adjuvants in combination with PDT to augment therapeutic efficacy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Sobrevivência Celular , Humanos , Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35499237

RESUMO

Disruption of the blood-urine barrier can result in acute or chronic inflammatory bladder injury. Activation of the oxygen-regulated hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) pathway has been shown to protect mucosal membranes by increasing the expression of cytoprotective genes and by suppressing inflammation. The activity of HIF is controlled by prolyl hydroxylase domain (PHD) dioxygenases, which have been exploited as therapeutic targets for the treatment of anemia of chronic kidney disease. Here we established a mouse model of acute cyclophosphamide (CYP)-induced blood-urine barrier disruption associated with inflammation and severe urinary dysfunction to investigate the HIF-PHD axis in inflammatory bladder injury. We found that systemic administration of dimethyloxalylglycine (DMOG) or molidustat, two small molecule inhibitors of HIF-prolyl hydroxylases (HIF-PHIs), profoundly mitigated CYP-induced bladder injury and inflammation as assessed by morphologic analysis of transmural edema and urothelial integrity and by measuring tissue cytokine expression. Void spot analysis to examine bladder function quantitatively demonstrated that HIF-PHI administration normalized micturition patterns and protected against CYP-induced alteration of urinary frequency and micturition patterns. Our studies highlight the therapeutic potential of HIF-activating small molecule compounds for the prevention or therapy of bladder injury and urinary dysfunction due to blood-urine barrier disruption.

10.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 12(3): 1163-1185, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35530162

RESUMO

Cancer immunotherapy has become a new generation of anti-tumor treatment, but its indications still focus on several types of tumors that are sensitive to the immune system. Therefore, effective strategies that can expand its indications and enhance its efficiency become the key element for the further development of cancer immunotherapy. Natural products are reported to have this effect on cancer immunotherapy, including cancer vaccines, immune-check points inhibitors, and adoptive immune-cells therapy. And the mechanism of that is mainly attributed to the remodeling of the tumor-immunosuppressive microenvironment, which is the key factor that assists tumor to avoid the recognition and attack from immune system and cancer immunotherapy. Therefore, this review summarizes and concludes the natural products that reportedly improve cancer immunotherapy and investigates the mechanism. And we found that saponins, polysaccharides, and flavonoids are mainly three categories of natural products, which reflected significant effects combined with cancer immunotherapy through reversing the tumor-immunosuppressive microenvironment. Besides, this review also collected the studies about nano-technology used to improve the disadvantages of natural products. All of these studies showed the great potential of natural products in cancer immunotherapy.

11.
J Biol Chem ; : 102020, 2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35537551

RESUMO

The aspariginyl-hydroxylase human Factor Inhibiting HIF (FIH) is an important regulator of the transcriptional activity of hypoxia inducible factor (HIF). FIH also catalyses the hydroxylation of asparaginyl and other residues in ankyrin repeat domain (ARD) containing proteins, including apoptosis stimulating of p53 protein (ASPP) family members. ASPP2 is reported to undergo a single FIH catalysed hydroxylation at Asn-986. We report biochemical and crystallographic evidence showing FIH catalyses the unprecedented post-translational hydroxylation of both asparaginyl-residues in "VNVN" and related motifs of ankyrin repeat domains in ASPP proteins (i.e. ASPP1, ASPP2 and iASPP) and the related ASB11 and p18-INK4C proteins. Our biochemical results extend the substrate scope of FIH catalysis and may have implications for its biological roles, including in the hypoxic response and ASPP family function.

12.
CEN Case Rep ; 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534679

RESUMO

Hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors improve anemia in CKD and dialysis patients and were approved for anemia treatment with these populations in Japan. An 89 year-old man with anemia and on maintenance hemodialysis was successfully treated with a dose-up of darbepoetin alfa from 10 to 20 µg per week, and the dose was gradually tapered to 5 µg. Later, serum hemoglobin levels decreased with the newly occurring sustained inflammation and left pleural effusion of an unknown cause, and the darbepoetin alfa dose was increased again to 20 µg per week, which was not effective. Darbepoetin alfa was switched to 4 mg of daprodustat daily, which was fairly effective under sustained inflammation, with serum hemoglobin levels maintained at 11-12 g/dL. The increase in hemoglobin levels was ascribed to the increase in the number of red blood cells, not the mean corpuscular hemoglobin level. During the inflammatory state, despite the contrasting effect on anemia by the 20 µg of darbepoetin alfa weekly and 4 mg of daprodustat daily, the reticulocyte counts were equivalent. The serum erythropoietin levels during daprodustat administration were within the physiological range (8.5-18.8 mIU/mL). For anemia treatment in hemodialysis patients, daprodustat is less influenced by the inflammatory status than darbepoetin alfa, and one of the possible reasons for this includes the extended red blood cell lifespan.

13.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(11): 2537-2543, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535908

RESUMO

Obstructive sleep apnea can worsen the prognosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we established a mouse model of subarachnoid hemorrhage using the endovascular perforation method and exposed the mice to intermittent hypoxia for 8 hours daily for 2 consecutive days to simulate sleep apnea. We found that sleep apnea aggravated brain edema, increased hippocampal neuron apoptosis, and worsened neurological function in this mouse model of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Then, we established an in vitro HT-22 cell model of hemin-induced subarachnoid hemorrhage/intermittent hypoxia and found that the cells died, and lactate dehydrogenase release increased, after 48 hours. We further investigated the underlying mechanism and found that sleep apnea increased the expression of hippocampal neuroinflammatory factors interleukin-1ß, interleukin-18, interleukin-6, nuclear factor κB, pyroptosis-related protein caspase-1, pro-caspase-1, and NLRP3, promoted the proliferation of astrocytes, and increased the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α and apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD, which are the key proteins in the hypoxia-inducible factor 1α/apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD signaling pathway. We also found that knockdown of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α expression in vitro greatly reduced the damage to HY22 cells. These findings suggest that sleep apnea aggravates early brain injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage by aggravating neuroinflammation and pyroptosis, at least in part through the hypoxia-inducible factor 1α/apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD signaling pathway.

14.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 37(3): 370-379, 2022 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35605218

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study is to investigate the protective mechanism of dexmedetomidine (Dex) in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MIR)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) of diabetic rats by inhibiting hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α). METHODS: Initially, healthy male Sprague Dawley rats were treated with streptozocin to induce diabetes. Then, three weeks after the induction, Dex or lentiviral vector (LV)-HIF-1α was injected into the rats 30 minutes prior to the MIR modeling. After four weeks, lung tissues were harvested for pathological changes observation and the wet/dry weight (W/D) ratio determination. Afterwards, oxidative stress indicators and pro-inflammatory factors were measured. In addition, HIF-1α expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis. RESULTS: Dex could suppress inflammatory cell infiltration, improve lung tissue structure, reduce pathological score and the W/D ratio, and block oxidative stress and inflammatory response in MIR-induced ALI of diabetic rats. Besides, Dex could also inhibit HIF-1α expression. Moreover, Dex + LV-HIF-1α reversed the protective role of Dex on diabetic MIR-induced ALI. CONCLUSION: Our study has made it clear that Dex inhibited the upregulation of HIF-1α in diabetic MIR-induced ALI, and thus protect lung functions by quenching the accumulation of oxygen radical and reducing lung inflammatory response.

15.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 17(1): 286, 2022 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35597989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a very common skeletal disorder that increases the risk of fractures. However, the treatment of osteoporosis is challenging. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) plays an important role in bone metabolism. Roxadustat is a novel HIF stabilizer, and its effects on bone metabolism remain unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effects of roxadustat on osteoblast differentiation and bone remodeling in an ovariectomized (OVX) rat model. METHODS: In vitro, primary mouse calvarial osteoblasts were treated with roxadustat. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and extracellular matrix mineralization were assessed. The mRNA and protein expression levels of osteogenic markers were detected. The effects of roxadustat on the HIF-1α and Wnt/ß-catenin pathways were evaluated. Furthermore, osteoblast differentiation was assessed again after HIF-1α expression knockdown or inhibition of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. In vivo, roxadustat was administered orally to OVX rats for 12 weeks. Then, bone histomorphometric analysis was performed. The protein expression levels of the osteogenic markers HIF-1α and ß-catenin in bone tissue were detected. RESULTS: In vitro, roxadustat significantly increased ALP staining intensity, enhanced matrix mineralization and upregulated the expression of osteogenic markers at the mRNA and protein levels in osteoblasts compared with the control group. Roxadustat activated the HIF-1α and Wnt/ß-catenin pathways. HIF-1α knockdown or Wnt/ß-catenin pathway inhibition significantly attenuated roxadustat-promoted osteoblast differentiation. In vivo, roxadustat administration improved bone microarchitecture deterioration and alleviated bone loss in OVX rats by promoting bone formation and inhibiting bone resorption. Roxadustat upregulated the protein expression levels of the osteogenic markers, HIF-1α and ß-catenin in the bone tissue of OVX rats. CONCLUSION: Roxadustat promoted osteoblast differentiation and prevented bone loss in OVX rats. The use of roxadustat may be a new promising strategy to treat osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Osteogênese , Osteoporose , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Estrogênios/metabolismo , Estrogênios/farmacologia , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Isoquinolinas , Camundongos , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose/etiologia , Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Via de Sinalização Wnt , beta Catenina/metabolismo
16.
J Nutr Biochem ; : 109038, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35533901

RESUMO

The radioresistance of glioma is related to the presence of glioma stem cells. Apigenin, a natural flavonoid compound present in numerous health foods and edible plants, has inhibitory effects on a variety of glioma cells. However, the effects of apigenin on glioma and radiotherapy remain unclear. Here, we used radioresistant SU3-5R stem cells-inoculated subcutaneous glioma model to investigate the effects of apigenin and potential mechanisms. The results showed that after treatment of mouse subcutaneous glioma with apigenin 20 mg/kg for 12 days, irradiation 8 Gray twice or their combination, the tumor volume and weight were significantly decreased, especially in the combined treatment group. Apigenin treatment inhibited the activities of glycolytic related enzymes and expressions of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65, hypoxia inducible factor-lα (HIF-1α), glucose transporter (GLUT)-1/3 and pyruvate kinase isozyme type M2 (PKM2) proteins in tumor tissues. After treatment of SU3-5R cells with apigenin 7.5 µM, the fluorescence intensity of CD133 positive cells was decreased, the percentage of cells with comet tails caused by irradiation was increased, and the expressions of lipopolysaccharide-induced NF-κB p65, HIF-1α, GLUT-3 and PKM2 proteins were reduced. These results demonstrate that apigenin can sensitize the radiotherapy of subcutaneous glioma in nude mice, and its mechanisms may result from the attenuations of cell stemness and DNA damage repair by inhibiting NF-κB/HIF-1α-mediated glycolytic related enzymes and protein expressions. In conclusion, our findings suggest that apigenin and apigenin-rich health foods can be used in the radiotherapy of glioma as a radiosensitizer.

17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(9)2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35563616

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease distinguished by an excessive proliferation and abnormal differentiation of keratinocytes. Immune cells, such as T lymphocytes and neutrophils, and inflammatory cytokines, such as Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin 17 (IL-17), are essential for maintaining psoriatic lesions. Additionally, a hypoxic milieu present in the skin promotes the expression of transcriptional factor hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α). This protein regulates the expression of angiogenic and glycolytic factors, such as vascular endothelial grown factor and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), both relevant in chronic inflammation. The von Hippel-Lindau protein (pVHL) is a negative regulator of HIF-1α. Previously, we found that pVHL was almost absent in the lesions of psoriasis patients; therefore, we investigated the impact of rescue pVHL expression in lesional skin. We used the imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like mouse model as an adenoviral vector that allowed us to express pVHL in the skin. Our data show that, in lesional skin, pVHL expression was reduced, whereas HIF-1α was increased. Remarkably, the retrieval of pVHL prevented psoriatic lesions, diminishing erythema, scale, and epidermal and vascular thickness. Furthermore, pVHL expression was capable of reducing HIF-1α, LDH, TNF-α and immune cell infiltration (mainly IL-17+ neutrophils). In conclusion, our results demonstrate that pVHL has a protective role to play in the pathophysiology of psoriasis.

18.
Cells ; 11(9)2022 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35563731

RESUMO

There are currently no effective treatments for sepsis and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The repositioning of existing drugs is one possible effective strategy for the treatment of sepsis and ARDS. We previously showed that vascular repair and the resolution of sepsis-induced inflammatory lung injury is dependent upon endothelial HIF-1α/FoxM1 signaling. The aim of this study was to identify a candidate inducer of HIF-1α/FoxM1 signaling for the treatment of sepsis and ARDS. Employing high throughput screening of a library of 1200 FDA-approved drugs by using hypoxia response element (HRE)-driven luciferase reporter assays, we identified Rabeprazole (also known as Aciphex) as a top HIF-α activator. In cultured human lung microvascular endothelial cells, Rabeprazole induced HIF1A mRNA expression in a dose-dependent manner. A dose-response study of Rabeprazole in a mouse model of endotoxemia-induced inflammatory lung injury identified a dose that was well tolerated and enhanced vascular repair and the resolution of inflammatory lung injury. Rabeprazole treatment resulted in reductions in lung vascular leakage, edema, and neutrophil sequestration and proinflammatory cytokine expression during the repair phrase. We next used Hif1a/Tie2Cre knockout mice and Foxm1/Tie2Cre knockout mice to show that Rabeprazole promoted vascular repair through HIF-1α/FoxM1 signaling. In conclusion, Rabeprazole is a potent inducer of HIF-1α that promotes vascular repair and the resolution of sepsis-induced inflammatory lung injury via endothelial HIF-1α/FoxM1 signaling. This drug therefore represents a promising candidate for repurposing to effectively treat severe sepsis and ARDS.

19.
J Ginseng Res ; 46(3): 408-417, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35600778

RESUMO

Background: Korean Red Ginseng extract (KRGE) has been used as a health supplement and herbal medicine. Astrocytes are one of the key cells in the central nervous system (CNS) and have bioenergetic potential as they stimulate mitochondrial biogenesis. They play a critical role in connecting the brain vasculature and nerves in the CNS. Methods: Brain samples from KRGE-administered mice were tested using immunohistochemistry. Treatment of human brain astrocytes with KRGE was subjected to assays such as proliferation, cytotoxicity, Mitotracker, ATP production, and O2 consumption rate as well as western blotting to demonstrate the expression of proteins related to mitochondria functions. The expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) was diminished utilizing siRNA transfection. Results: Brain samples from KRGE-administered mice harbored an increased number of GFAP-expressing astrocytes. KRGE triggered the proliferation of astrocytes in vitro. Enhanced mitochondrial biogenesis induced by KRGE was detected using Mitotracker staining, ATP production, and O2 consumption rate assays. The expression of proteins related to mitochondrial electron transport was increased in KRGE-treated astrocytes. These effects were blocked by HIF-1α knockdown. The factors secreted from KRGE-treated astrocytes were determined, revealing the expression of various cytokines and growth factors, especially those related to angiogenesis and neurogenesis. KRGE-treated astrocyte conditioned media enhanced the differentiation of adult neural stem cells into mature neurons, increasing the migration of endothelial cells, and these effects were reduced in the background of HIF-1α knockdown. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that KRGE exhibits prophylactic potential by stimulating astrocyte mitochondrial biogenesis through HIF-1α, resulting in improved neurovascular function.

20.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 15(5): 701-710, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35601164

RESUMO

AIM: To reveal whether and how Yes-associated protein (YAP) promotes the occurrence of subretinal fibrosis in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: Cobalt chloride (CoCl2) was used in primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) to induce hypoxia in vitro. Eight-week-old male C57BL/6J mice weighing 19-25 g were used for a choroidal neovascularization (CNV) model induced by laser photocoagulation in vivo. Expression levels of YAP, phosphorylated YAP, mesenchymal markers [α smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), vimentin, and Snail], and endothelial cell markers (CD31 and zonula occludens 1) were measured by Western blotting, quantitative real-time PCR, and immunofluorescence microscopy. Small molecules YC-1 (Lificiguat, a specific inhibitor of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α), CA3 (CIL56, an inhibitor of YAP), and XMU-MP-1 (an inhibitor of Hippo kinase MST1/2, which activates YAP) were used to explore the underlying mechanism. RESULTS: CoCl2 increased expression of mesenchymal markers, decreased expression of endothelial cell markers, and enhanced the ability of primary HUVECs to proliferate and migrate. YC-1 suppressed hypoxia-induced endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT). Moreover, hypoxia promoted total expression, inhibited phosphorylation, and enhanced the transcriptional activity of YAP. XMU-MP-1 enhanced hypoxia-induced EndMT, whereas CA3 elicited the opposite effect. Expression of YAP, α-SMA, and vimentin were upregulated in the laser-induced CNV model. However, silencing of YAP by vitreous injection of small interfering RNA targeting YAP could reverse these changes. CONCLUSION: The findings reveal a critical role of the hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α)/YAP signaling axis in EndMT and provide a new therapeutic target for treatment of subretinal fibrosis in AMD.

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