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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e256945, 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1374655

RESUMO

The gastrointestinal microflora regulates the body's functions and plays an important role in its health. Dysbiosis leads to a number of chronic diseases such as diabetes, obesity, inflammation, atherosclerosis, etc. However, these diseases can be prevented by using probiotics ­ living microorganisms that benefit the microflora and, therefore, improve the host organism's health. The most common probiotics include lactic acid bacteria of the Bifidobacterium and Propionibacterium genera. We studied the probiotic properties of the following strains: Bifidobacterium adolescentis АС-1909, Bifidobacterium longum infantis АС-1912, Propionibacterium jensenii В-6085, Propionibacterium freudenreichii В-11921, Propionibacterium thoenii В-6082, and Propionibacterium acidipropionici В-5723. Antimicrobial activity was determined by the 'agar blocks' method against the following test cultures: Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Salmonella enterica ATCC 14028, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Pseudomonas aeruginosa B6643, Proteus vulgaris ATCC 63, and Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 7644. Moderate antimicrobial activity against all the test cultures was registered in Bifidobacterium adolescentis АС-1909, Propionibacterium jensenii В-6085, and Propionibacterium thoenii В-6082. Antioxidant activity was determined by the DPPH inhibition method in all the lactic acid strains. Our study indicated that some Propionibacterium and Bifidobacterium strains or, theoretically, their consortia could be used as probiotic cultures in dietary supplements or functional foods to prevent a number of chronic diseases.


A microbiota gastrointestinal regula as funções do corpo e desempenha um papel importante na sua saúde. A disbiose leva a uma série de doenças crônicas, como diabetes, obesidade, inflamação, aterosclerose, etc. No entanto, essas doenças podem ser prevenidas pelo uso de probióticos − microrganismos vivos que beneficiam a microflora e, portanto, melhoram a saúde do organismo hospedeiro. Os probióticos mais comuns incluem bactérias do ácido láctico dos gêneros Bifidobacterium e Propionibacterium. Nós estudamos as propriedades probióticas das seguintes cepas: Bifidobacterium adolescentis АС-1909, Bifidobacterium longum infantis АС-1912, Propionibacterium jensenii В-6085, Propionibacterium freudenreichii В-11921, Propionibacterium thoenii В-6082 В-6082 acid e Propionibacterium thoenii В-6082 В-6082 acidibion. A atividade antimicrobiana foi determinada pelo método de 'blocos de ágar' contra as seguintes culturas de teste: Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Salmonella enterica ATCC 14028, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Pseudomonas aeruginosa B6643, Proteus vulgaris ATCC 63 e Listeria monocytogenes moderada atividade ATCC 7644. Uma atividade antimicrobiana moderada contra todas as culturas de teste foi registrado em Bifidobacterium adolescentis АС-1909, Propionibacterium jensenii В-6085 e Propionibacterium thoenii В-6082. A atividade antioxidante foi determinada pelo método de inibição do DPPH em todas as cepas de ácido lático. Nosso estudo indicou que algumas cepas de Propionibacterium e Bifidobacterium − ou, teoricamente, seus consórcios − poderiam ser usadas ​​como culturas probióticas em suplementos dietéticos ou alimentos funcionais para prevenir uma série de doenças crônicas.


Assuntos
Animais , Propionibacterium , Bifidobacterium , Ácido Láctico , Probióticos , Lactobacillales , Microbioma Gastrointestinal
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e259094, 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364533

RESUMO

Due to extensive application of antibiotics as growth promoters in animal feed, antimicrobial resistance has been increased. To overcome this challenge, rumen microbiologists search for new probiotics to improve the rate of livestock production. The present study was aimed to isolate and evaluate breed-specific lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as potential animal probiotics. The current study was conducted during 10 months from July 2020 to April 2021, in which a total of n=12 strains were isolated from different samples including milk, rumen, and feces of Nilli Ravi Buffaloes. These isolates were evaluated for their antimicrobial potential against common animal pathogens (Bacillus spp., E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella spp., Listeria spp.). All the isolates were identified using 16S rRNA gene sequencing and the phylogenetic analyses inferred that these strains showed close relations to the species of various genera; Enterococcus lactis, Pediococcus pentosaceus, Bacillus subtilis Weissella cibaria, Weissella soli, Bacillus tequilensis, Weissella bombi, Bacillus licheniformis, Lactococcus lactis, Bacillus megaterium, Lactobacillus ruminis, and Lactococcus lactis. NMCC-Ru2 has exhibited the enormous potential of antimicrobial activity, 28 mm, for Salmonella typhimurium;23 mm for Listeria monocytogenes 21 mm for E.coil. Highest resistance was seen in NMCC-Ru2 agasint test antbiotic, like 25.5 mm for Tetracycline. Overall results revesl that the probiotic profile of isolates was achieved using standard criteria, particularly with animal probiotic properties


Devido à extensa aplicação de antibióticos como promotores de crescimento na alimentação animal, a resistência aos antimicrobianos aumentou. Para superar esse desafio, os microbiologistas do rúmen buscam novos probióticos para melhorar a produtividade do gado. O presente estudo teve como objetivo isolar e avaliar bactérias lácticas específicas de raças (BAL) como potenciais probióticos animais. 12 cepas foram isoladas de diferentes amostras, incluindo leite, rúmen e fezes de búfalos Nilli Ravi. Esses isolados foram avaliados quanto ao seu potencial antimicrobiano contra patógenos animais comuns (Bacillus spp., E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella spp., Listeria spp.). Todos os isolados foram identificados por meio do sequenciamento do gene 16S rRNA e as análises filogenéticas inferiram que essas cepas apresentaram estreita relação com as espécies de vários gêneros; Enterococcus lactis, Pediococcus pentosaceus, Bacillus subtilis, Weissella cibaria, Weissella soli, Bacillus tequilensis, Weissella bombi, Bacillus licheniformis, Lactococcus lactis, Bacillus megaterium, Lactobacillus ruminis e Lactococcus lactis. O perfil probiótico dos isolados foi obtido usando critérios padrão, particularmente com propriedades probióticas animais.


Assuntos
Animais , Búfalos , Enterococcus , Probióticos , Trato Gastrointestinal , Lactobacillus , Antibacterianos
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e254513, 2024. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1360222

RESUMO

Aerobic vaginitis (AV) is a recently defined vaginal recurring infection, which is treated with antibiotics. However, excessive and prolonged use of antibiotics disrupts healthy vaginal microflora and leads to the emergence of antibiotic resistance among pathogens. This situation has directed researchers to explore alternative antimicrobials. The current study describes in vitro and in vivo antimicrobial efficacy and pharmaceutical interactions between plant essential oils (EOs) and five lactic acid bacteria (LABs), isolated from the healthy vagina, against E. faecalis, one of the major etiological agents of AV. In vitro experiments confirm good antimicrobial activity of both plant EOs and cell free supernatant (CFS) from LABs. Based on high antimicrobial efficacy, Moringa essential oil (MO) was selected to determine its nature of interaction with CFS of five LAB strains. Synergism was recorded between MO and CFS of L. reuteri (MT180537). To validate in vitro findings, prophylactic responses of individual and synergistic application of MO and L. reuteri (MT180537) were evaluated in an E. faecalis (MW051601) induced AV murine model. The prophylactic efficacy was evidenced by a reduction in intensity of clinical symptoms, E. faecalis (MW051601) count per vaginal tissue along with a reduction in AV associated changes in histological markers of infection in animals receiving Moringa essential oil and L. reuteri (MT180537) alone or in combination. However, significant synergism between Moringa essential oil and L. reuteri (MT180537) could not be observed. Our data confirms the importance of in vivo experiments in deducing pharmacological interactions.


Vaginite aeróbica (VA) é uma infecção vaginal recorrente definida recentemente, que é tratada com antibióticos. No entanto, o uso excessivo e prolongado de antibióticos perturba a microflora vaginal saudável e leva ao surgimento de resistência aos antibióticos entre os patógenos. Esta situação levou os pesquisadores a explorar antimicrobianos alternativos. O presente estudo descreve a eficácia antimicrobiana in vitro e in vivo e as interações farmacêuticas entre óleos essenciais vegetais (OE) e cinco bactérias lácticas (BAL), isoladas de vagina sã, contra E. faecalis, um dos principais agentes etiológicos da AV. Os experimentos in vitro confirmam a boa atividade antimicrobiana de ambos os EOs de plantas e sobrenadante livre de células (CFS) de LABs. Com base na alta eficácia antimicrobiana, o óleo essencial de Moringa (MO) foi selecionado para determinar sua natureza de interação com o sobrenadante livre de células (CFS) de cinco cepas de LAB. Sinergismo foi registrado entre MO e CFS de L. reuteri (MT180537). Para validar os resultados in vitro, as respostas profiláticas da aplicação individual e sinérgica de MO e L. reuteri (MT180537) foram avaliadas em um modelo murino AV induzido por E. faecalis (MW051601). A eficácia profilática foi evidenciada por uma redução na intensidade dos sintomas clínicos, contagem de E. faecalis (MW051601) por tecido vaginal, juntamente com uma redução nas alterações associadas a AV nos marcadores histológicos de infecção em animais que receberam óleo essencial de Moringa e L. reuteri (MT180537) sozinho ou em combinação. No entanto, não foi possível observar sinergismo significativo entre o óleo essencial de Moringa e L. reuteri (MT180537). Nossos dados confirmam a importância dos experimentos in vivo na dedução de interações farmacológicas.


Assuntos
Vaginite/tratamento farmacológico , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Moringa , Antibacterianos
4.
Food Chem ; 400: 134092, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084600

RESUMO

Chiral analysis of food components can provide important information for food quality, bioactivity and safety. Determination of enantiomeric ratios in food is a tedious task, due to the poor resolution and insufficient sensitivity for simultaneous discrimination and quantification of trace amounts of d-form metabolites. Herein, a high-throughput, high-sensitive and high-resolution method was developed for simultaneously determining enantiomeric ratios of multiple chiral α-hydroxy/amino acids (HA/AAs) from fermented milks in one-run by [d0]/[d5]-estradiol-3-benzoate-17ß-chloroformate labeling-assisted ion mobility - mass spectrometry. Results revealed extensive variation in chiral HA/AA profiles among 15 fermented milks. A total of 14 D-HA/AAs were identified. d-Lactic acid and d-alanine appeared as the most discriminatory in fermented milks with live lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Results suggested that glycolysis, casein hydrolysis and enantioisomerization of HA/AAs were most likely affected by various starter culture LAB. It may contribute to entail a valuable step forward in food quality control and discovering functional-related chiral biomarkers.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos , Caseínas , Alanina/análise , Aminoácidos/análise , Animais , Benzoatos/análise , Caseínas/análise , Estradiol/análise , Hidroxiácidos/análise , Ácido Láctico/análise , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Leite/química , Estereoisomerismo
5.
Biotechnol Lett ; 2022 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36152223

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The release behavior of Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus from single bilayer microcapsules of alginate-chitosan (AC) and its double bilayer (ACAC) was investigated in simulated gastric fluid (SGF) and simulated intestinal fluid (SIF). Methods Multilayer polyelectrolyte AC microcapsules were fabricated using the layer-by-layer (LbL) self-assembly technique through electrostatic interactions. Results AC and ACAC microcapsules kept their integrity and mechanical stability in simulated gastric conditions. Bacterial cells remained inside microcapsules in SGF and dissolution of microcapsules was observed in SIF. To improve the bacterial survivability, L. rhamnosus was co-encapsulated in a double bilayer of AC hydrogels with calcium carbonate as an antacid agent. Conclusions The LbL self-assembly technology provides stable and target release for ACAC microcapsules. Therefore, the double bilayer polyelectrolyte microcapsules have a remarkable potential for successful application in the targeted and controlled delivery of different probiotics and drugs.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36173591

RESUMO

Honey is a valuable reservoir of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and, particularly, of fructophilic LAB (FLAB), a relatively novel subgroup of LAB whose functional potential for human and food application has yet to be explored. In this study, FLAB and LAB strains have been isolated from honeys of different floral origins and selected for their broad antimicrobial activity against typical foodborne pathogenic bacteria and spoilage filamentous fungi. The best candidates, two strains belonging to the species Lactiplantibacillus plantarum and Fructobacillus fructosus, were submitted to partial characterisation of their cell free supernatants (CFS) in order to identify the secreted metabolites with antimicrobial activity. Besides, these strains were examined to assess some major functional features, including in vitro tolerance to the oro-gastrointestinal conditions, potential cytotoxicity against HT-29 cells, adhesion to human enterocyte-like cells and capability to stimulate macrophages. Moreover, when the tested strains were applied on table grapes artificially contaminated with pathogenic bacteria or filamentous fungi, they showed a good ability to antagonise the growth of undesired microbes, as well as to survive on the fruit surface at a concentration that is recommended to develop a probiotic effect. In conclusion, both LAB and FLAB honey-isolated strains characterised in this work exhibit functional properties that validate their potential use as biocontrol agents and for the design of novel functional foods. We reported antimicrobial activity, cytotoxic evaluation, probiotic properties and direct food application of a F. fructosus strain, improving the knowledge of this species, in particular, and on FLAB, more generally.

7.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 381: 109889, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057216

RESUMO

Plant-based food products are generating a growing interest as part of the ongoing transition to a primarily plant-based diet, which makes demands to the quality, functionality, and health properties of plant proteins. Microbes used for traditional food fermentations such as lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and fungi (yeasts and molds) carry out enzymatic changes on their protein substrates by which technological and sensorial characteristics can be improved. The literature on extracellular proteases targeting plant proteins, on the other hand, is scattered with only a narrow representation of plants even for traditionally plant-based products. Therefore, this review aims to explore the current state of knowledge regarding the application potential of microbial extracellular proteases targeting plant proteins, with a focus on traditional applied food microbes. Plant proteins are targeted by proteolytic microbes of both animal and plant origins, and their proteases show a wide range of activities. Extracellular microbial proteases can hydrolyze specific protein-based allergens and even reduce the toxicity of plant proteins. Additionally, microbial assisted proteolysis can improve plant protein digestibility by increasing availability of peptides and amino acids. This catabolic process will change the organoleptic characteristics of fermented plant proteins, and the release of bioactive peptides can provide additional functionalities to the plant matrix. The proteolytic activity is determined by the microbial strain, and it can be quite substrate selective, which is why proteases may be overlooked by the prevalent use of casein as substrate in proteolytic screenings. The synergetic effects of LAB and fungal species consortia can facilitate and steer plant protein hydrolysis by which co-fermentation may increase or change the properties of plant protein hydrolysates. Microbes do not necessarily require extracellular proteases because endogenous proteases in a plant-matrix may meet the microbial amino acid requirements. However, extracellular proteases have the potential to provide central properties to diverse food-matrixes by which the full proteolytic potential of food microbes needs to be explored in order to facilitate the development of high-quality plant-based food products.


Assuntos
Lactobacillales , Peptídeo Hidrolases , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Animais , Caseínas/metabolismo , Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Fermentação , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Lactobacillales/metabolismo , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Hidrolisados de Proteína
8.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 381: 109907, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36063684

RESUMO

Chitosan is an active highly charged polysaccharide that has initially been developed in oenology to eliminate the spoilage yeast B. bruxellensis. However, different forms of chitosan exist, some complying with EU regulation for their use in wines, others not. Moreover, with the trend in oenology of limiting SO2, more and more questions arise as to the impact of chitosan on other microorganisms of the grape and wine environment. We investigated the antimicrobial efficiency of chitosan on a large oenological microbial collection, englobing technological as well as spoilage microorganisms. Results show that most species are affected at least transiently. Furthermore, a high variability prevails within most species and sensitive, intermediate and tolerant strains can be observed. This study also highlights different efficiencies depending on the wine parameters or the winemaking stage, giving important indications on which winemaking issues can be solved using chitosan. Chitosan treatment does not seem to be appropriate to limit the musts microbial pressure and Saccharomyces cerevisiae cannot be stopped during alcoholic fermentation, especially in sweet wines. Likewise, acetic acid bacteria are poorly impacted by chitosan. After alcoholic fermentation, chitosan can efficiently limit non-Saccharomyces yeast and lactic acid bacteria but special care should be given as to whether malolactic fermentation is wanted or not. Indeed, O. oeni can be severely impacted by chitosan, even months after treatment. Finally, this study highlights the crucial importance of the chitosan type used in its efficiency towards microbial stabilization. While a high molecular weight chitosan has limited antimicrobial properties, a chitosan with a much lower one, complying with EU and OIV regulation and specifications for its use in wine is much more efficient.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Quitosana , Vitis , Vinho , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Quitosana/farmacologia , Fermentação , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Vitis/microbiologia , Vinho/microbiologia
9.
Arch Oral Biol ; 143: 105515, 2022 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084351

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to characterise the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from local Malaysian fermented foods with oral probiotics properties. DESIGN: The LAB strains isolated from Malaysian fermented foods, Lactobacillus brevis FT 6 and Lactobacillus plantarum FT 12, were assessed for their antimicrobial properties against Porphyromonas gingivalis ATCC 33277 via disc diffusion assay. Anti-biofilm properties were determined by treating the overnight P. gingivalis ATCC 33277 biofilm with different concentrations of LAB cell-free supernatant (LAB CFS). Quantification of biofilm was carried out by measuring the optical density of stained biofilm. The ability of L. brevis FT 6 and L. plantarum FT 12 to tolerate salivary amylase was also investigated. Acid production with different sugars was carried out by pH measurement and screening for potential antimicrobial organic acid by disc diffusion assay of neutralised probiotics CFS samples. In this study, L. rhamnosus ATCC 7469, a commercial strain was used to compare the efficacy of the isolated strain with the commercial strain. RESULTS: Lactobacillus brevis FT 6 and L. plantarum FT 12 possess antimicrobial activity against P. gingivalis with inhibition diameters of more than 10 mm, and the results were comparable with L. rhamnosus ATCC 7469. The MIC and MBC assay results for all tested strains were recorded to be 25 µl/µl concentration. All LAB CFS reduced biofilm formation proportionally to the CFS concentration and tolerated salivary amylase with more than 50% viability. Overnight cultures of all lactic acid bacteria strains showed a pH reduction and neutralised CFS of all lactic acid bacteria strains did not show any inhibition towards P. gingivalis. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that the isolated probiotics have the potential as probiotics to be used as a supportive oral health treatment, especially against a periodontal pathogen, P. gingivalis.

10.
Gut Microbes ; 14(1): 2127438, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36170451

RESUMO

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and bifidobacteria may serve as reservoirs of antimicrobial resistance, but the risk posed by strains intentionally introduced into the agro-food chain has not yet been thoroughly investigated. The aim of our study was to evaluate whether probiotics, starter and protective cultures, and feed additives represent a risk to human health. In addition to commercial strains of LAB and bifidobacteria, isolates from human milk or colostrum, intestinal mucosa or feces, and fermented products were analyzed. Phenotypic susceptibility data of 474 strains showed that antimicrobial resistance was more common in intestinal isolates than in commercial strains. Antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs) and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) were characterized in the whole genome sequences of 1114 strains using comparative genomics. Intrinsic ARGs were abundant in enterococci, bifidobacteria, and lactococci but were considered non-risky due to the absence of MGEs. The results revealed that 13.8% of commercial strains contained acquired ARGs, most frequently for tetracycline. We associated 75.5% of the acquired ARGs with known or novel MGEs, and their potential for transmission was assessed by examining metagenomic sequences. We confirmed that ARGs and MGEs were not as abundant or diverse in commercial strains as in human intestinal isolates or isolates from human milk, suggesting that strains intentionally introduced into the agro-food chain do not pose a significant threat. However, attention should be paid especially to individual probiotic strains containing elements that have been shown to have high potential for transferability in the gut microbiota.Abbreviations: ARG, antimicrobial resistance gene; ICE, integrative and conjugative element; IME, integrative and mobilizable element; LAB, lactic acid bacteria; MDR, multidrug resistance; MIC, minimum inhibitory concentration; MGE, mobile genetic element; TRRPP, tetracycline-resistant ribosomal protection protein; WGS, whole genome sequences.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Lactobacillales , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bifidobacterium/genética , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Cadeia Alimentar , Pool Gênico , Humanos , Lactobacillales/genética , Tetraciclinas
11.
Foods ; 11(18)2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36140884

RESUMO

To investigate the effects of inoculation fermentation on the quality of Zhayu (a traditional fermented fish product in China), different amounts of L. plantarum, P. acidilactici, and P. pentosaceus were inoculated into samples, and the safety, nutritional, textural, and flavor properties of the samples were evaluated. Fermentation with lactic acid bacteria (LAB) decreased pH values and total volatile basic nitrogen content. The addition of 108~109 cfu/100 g LAB significantly increased the content of crude fat and water-soluble proteins in Zhayu. The addition of L. plantarum and P. acidilactici increased the content of soluble solids in Zhayu. Moreover, fermentation with LAB made the products tender and softer, and the samples prepared with 109 cfu/100 g LAB presented better overall qualities. Additionally, Zhayu fermented with L. plantarum and P. acidilactici showed the strongest sourness, while the samples prepared with P. pentosaceus showed the strongest umami taste, consistent with the highest contents of Asp (25.1 mg/100 g) and Glu (67.8 mg/100 g). The addition of LAB decreased the relative contents of aliphatic aldehydes, (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol, and 1-octen-3-ol, reducing the earthy and fishy notes. However, LAB enhanced the contents of terpenoids, acids, esters, and S-containing compounds, increasing the sour, pleasant, and unique odors of Zhayu.

12.
Foods ; 11(18)2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36140946

RESUMO

A metabolic feature of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) is the production of exopolysaccharides (EPSs), which have technological and functional properties of interest to the food sector. The present study focused on the characterization of the Weissella cibaria strain C43-11, a high EPS producer in the presence of sucrose, in comparison with a low-producing strain (C2-32), and on possible genetic regulatory elements responsible for the modulation of dextransucrase (dsr) genes expression. NMR analysis of the polymeric material produced by the C43-11 strain indicated the presence of dextran consisting mainly of a linear scaffold formed by α-(1-6) glycosidic linkages and a smaller amounts of branches derived from α-(1-2), α-(1-3), and α-(1-4) linkages. Molecular analysis of the dsr genes and the putative transcriptional promoters of the two strains showed differences in their regulatory regions. Such variations may have a role in the modulation of dsr expression levels in the presence of sucrose. The strong upregulation of the dsr gene in the C43-11 strain resulted in a high accumulation of EPS. This is the first report showing differences in the regulatory elements of the dsr gene in W. cibaria and indicates a new perspective of investigation to identify the regulatory mechanism of EPS production.

13.
Foods ; 11(18)2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36141001

RESUMO

Lactic acid fermentation is a promising method for developing sandwich seaweed scraps. The objectives of this study were to investigate the effect of fermentation with Lactiplantibacillus plantarum MMB-05, Lactiplantibacillus casei FJAT-7928, mixed bacteria (1:1, v/v) and control on the physicochemical indexes, in vitro antioxidant activity, and volatile compounds of Porphyra yezoensis sauce. Sensory evaluation was also performed. The results indicated that all lactic acid bacteria strains grew well in P. yezoensis sauce after 72 h of fermentation, with the viable cell counts of L. plantarum MMB-05 exceeding 10.0 log CFU/mL, the total phenolic content increasing by 16.54%, and the lactic acid content increasing from 0 to 44.38 ± 0.11 mg/mL. Moreover, the metabolism of these strains significantly increased the content of umami, sweet and sour free amino acids in P. yezoensis sauce. The total antioxidant capacity of L. plantarum MMB-05, L. casei FJAT-7928, mix and control groups increased by 594.59%, 386.49%, 410.27%, and 287.62%, respectively. Gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (GC-IMS) analysis suggested that aldehydes and ketones accounted for the largest proportion, and the relative contents of acids and alcohols in P. yezoensis sauce increased significantly after lactic acid bacteria fermentation. In addition, the analysis of dynamic principal component analysis (PCA) and fingerprinting showed that the volatile components of the four treatment methods could be significantly distinguished. Overall, the L. plantarum MMB-05 could be recommended as an appropriate starter for fermentation of sandwich seaweed scraps, which provides a fundamental knowledge for the utilization of sandwiched seaweed scraps.

14.
Microorganisms ; 10(9)2022 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36144334

RESUMO

Ferulic acid esterase (FAE+)-producing lactobacilli are being studied as silage inoculants due to their potential of increasing forage fiber digestibility. In this work, three FAE+ Lactobacillus (L.) johnsonii strains were isolated from caprine feces and characterized according to their potential probiotic characteristics and as silage inoculants. Limosilactobacillus fermentum CRL1446, a human probiotic isolated from goat cheese, was also included in the experiments as a potential silage inoculant. FAE activity quantification, probiotic characterization, and growth in maize aqueous extract indicated that L. johnsonii ETC187 might have a better inoculant and probiotic aptitude. Nevertheless, results in whole-corn mini silos indicated that, although acid detergent fiber (ADF) was significantly reduced by this strain (3% compared with the uninoculated (UN) group), L. johnsonii ETC150 and CRL1446 not only induced similar ADF reduction but also reduced dry matter (DM) loss (by 7.3% and 6.5%, respectively) compared with the UN group. Additionally, CRL1446 increased in vitro DM degradability by 10%. All treatments reduced gas losses when compared with the UN group. The potential probiotic features of these strains, as well as their beneficial impact on corn fermentation shown in this study, encourage further studies as enhancers in animal production.

15.
Microorganisms ; 10(9)2022 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36144335

RESUMO

Cancer is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. According to 2022 statistics from the World Health Organization (WHO), close to 10 million deaths have been reported in 2020 and it is estimated that the number of cancer cases world-wide could increase to 21.6 million by 2030. Breast, lung, thyroid, pancreatic, liver, prostate, bladder, kidney, pelvis, colon, and rectum cancers are the most prevalent. Each year, approximately 400,000 children develop cancer. Treatment between countries vary, but usually includes either surgery, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy. Modern treatments such as hormone-, immuno- and antibody-based therapies are becoming increasingly popular. Several recent reports have been published on toxins, antibiotics, bacteriocins, non-ribosomal peptides, polyketides, phenylpropanoids, phenylflavonoids, purine nucleosides, short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and enzymes with anticancer properties. Most of these molecules target cancer cells in a selective manner, either directly or indirectly through specific pathways. This review discusses the role of bacteria, including lactic acid bacteria, and their metabolites in the treatment of cancer.

16.
Microorganisms ; 10(9)2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36144396

RESUMO

Carnobacterium maltaromaticum is a non-starter lactic acid bacterium (LAB) of interest in the dairy industry for biopreservation. This study investigated the interference competition network and the specialized metabolites biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) content in this LAB in order to explore the relationship between the antimicrobial properties and the genome content. Network analysis revealed that the potency of inhibition tended to increase when the inhibition spectrum broadened, but also that several strains exhibited a high potency and narrow spectrum of inhibition. The C. maltaromaticum strains with potent anti-L. monocytogenes were characterized by high potency and a wide intraspecific spectrum. Genome mining of 29 strains revealed the presence of 12 bacteriocin BGCs: four of class I and eight of class II, among which seven belong to class IIa and one to class IIc. Overall, eight bacteriocins and one nonribosomal peptide synthetase and polyketide synthase (NRPS-PKS) BGCs were newly described. The comparison of the antimicrobial properties resulting from the analysis of the network and the BGC genome content allowed us to delineate candidate BGCs responsible for anti-L. monocytogenes and anti-C. maltaromaticum activity. However, it also highlighted that genome analysis is not suitable in the current state of the databases for the prediction of genes involved in the antimicrobial activity of strains with a narrow anti-C. maltaromaticum activity.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36085426

RESUMO

Sargassum horneri contains water-soluble polysaccharides, which have antihypertensive effects, and arsenic, which is harmful to the human body. Boiling and other treatments are effective in removing arsenic; however, water-soluble polysaccharides are lost during processing. Therefore, a method to remove arsenic and further increase its antihypertensive effect is required. To this end, we investigated fermentation with Lactiplantibacillus pentosus SN001 in this study. Boiled and fermented S. horneri were administered to spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), and blood pressure and arsenic accumulation in organs were observed to simultaneously examine the effects of fermentation on hypertension and arsenic accumulation. The ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibition rate, an indicator of antihypertensive effects, showed a maximum at 4 days of fermentation. Consecutive dosing studies using S. horneri, boiled S. horneri, and fermented boiled S. horneri in SHR were conducted. Although the boiled group showed high blood pressure values, the fermented boiled group showed lower blood pressure values than the boiled cohort. The amount of arsenic accumulated in the liver, kidney, and spleen of rats was significantly lower in the boiled and fermented boiled groups than that in the S. horneri group. This confirmed the arsenic removal effect of boiling pretreatment and the in vivo safety of fermented boiled S. horneri. These results suggest that fermentation of arsenic-free S. horneri with L. pentosus SN001 can enhance its antihypertensive effect in vivo. This is the first study to simultaneously examine the antihypertensive effect of fermentation of S. horneri and its effect on the arsenic accumulation in vivo.

18.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 938153, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118219

RESUMO

Silage exposed to air is prone to deterioration and production of unpleasant volatile chemicals that can seriously affect livestock intake and health. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Lactobacillus plantarum (LP), Lactobacillus buchneri (LB), and a combination of LP and LB (PB) on the quality, microbial community and volatile chemicals of Leymus chinensis silage at 0, 4, and 8 days after aerobic exposure. During aerobic exposure, LP had higher WSC and LA contents but had the least aerobic stability, with more harmful microorganisms such as Penicillium and Monascus and produced more volatile chemicals such as Isospathulenol and 2-Furancarbinol. LB slowed down the rise in pH, produced more acetic acid and effectively improved aerobic stability, while the effect of these two additives combined was intermediate between that of each additive alone. Correlation analysis showed that Actinomyces, Sphingomonas, Penicillium, and Monascus were associated with aerobic deterioration, and Weissella, Pediococcus, Botryosphaeria, and Monascus were associated with volatile chemicals. In conclusion, LB preserved the quality of L. chinensis silage during aerobic exposure, while LP accelerated aerobic deterioration.

19.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 908506, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118245

RESUMO

It is well established that the gastrointestinal (GI) microbiota plays a major role in human health. Dietary interventions, and consumption of fermented foods that contain live microbes, in particular, are among the approaches being investigated to modulate the GI microbiota and improve health. However, the persistence of fermented food-associated bacteria (FAB) within the GI tract is typically limited by host factors that limit colonization and competition with autochthonous microbes. In this research, we examined if the addition of prebiotics, dietary substrates that are selectively metabolized by microbes to improve health, would enhance the persistence of FAB. We evaluated the persistence of bacteria from three live microbe-containing fermented foods-kefir, sausage, and sauerkraut-in fecal microbial communities from four healthy adults. Fecal communities were propagated in vitro and were inoculated with fermented food-associated microbes from kefir, sausage, or sauerkraut at ~107 CFU/mL. Communities were diluted 1:100 every 24 h into fresh gut simulation medium to simulate microbial community turnover in the GI tract. We measured the persistence of Lactobacillaceae from fermented foods by quantitative PCR (qPCR) and the persistence of other FAB through 16S rRNA gene sequencing. FAB were unable to persist in vitro, reaching undetectable levels within 96 h. Addition of prebiotics, including xylooligosaccharides and a mixture of fructooligosaccharides and galactooligosaccharides enhanced the persistence of some species of FAB, but the level of persistence varied by fecal donor, fermented food, and prebiotic tested. Addition of prebiotics also increased the relative abundance of Bifidobacterium species, which most likely originated from the fecal microbiota. Collectively, our results support previous in vivo studies demonstrating the transient nature of FAB in the GI tract and indicate that consumption of prebiotics may enhance their persistence.

20.
Curr Res Food Sci ; 5: 1452-1464, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119372

RESUMO

Chocolate is a product of the fermentation of cacao beans. Performed on-farm or at local cooperatives, these are spontaneous cacao fermentations (SCFs). To better understand SCFs, this study sought to identify SCF microbes, their interrelationships, and other key parameters that influence fermentation. This is important because differences in fermentation can have an impact on final product quality. In this study, a systematic data extraction was performed, searching for literature that identified microbes from SCFs. Each unique microbe, whether by location or by fermentation material, was extracted from the articles, along with parameters associated with fermentation. Data were collected and analyzed for three interactions: microbe-to-geography, microbe-to-fermentation method, and microbe-to-microbe. The goal was to attribute microbes to geographical locations, fermentation materials, or to other microbes. Statistically significant relationships will reveal target areas for future research. Over 1700 microbes (440 unique species) were identified across 60 articles. The top three countries represented are Brazil (22 articles, n = 612 microbes), the Ivory Coast (14 articles, n = 237), and Ghana (10 articles, n = 257). Several countries were far less, or never represented, and should be considered for future research. No specific relationship was identified with microbes to either geographical location or fermentation method. Using a Presence-Absence chart, 127 microbe-to-microbe interactions were identified as statistically significant. Data extraction into SCF research has revealed major gaps of knowledge for the cacao microbiome. By better understanding the cacao microbiome, researchers will be able to identify key microbes and fermentation parameters to better influence the fermentation.

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