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1.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 83: 1-8, 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX, VETINDEX | ID: vti-765505

RESUMO

Ninety days study was conducted in hapas installed in earthen ponds. Fish of an average initial weight (220g) were evenly distributed in triplicate groups within fifteen hapas. Five experimental diets labeled as T1 (25% CP and NRC recommended amino acid level) as control diet, T2 (with 2% low protein and 5% amino acid supplementation), T3 (with 2% low protein and 10% amino acid supplementation), T4 (with 4% low protein and 10% amino acid supplementation) and T5 (with 4% low protein and 20% amino acid supplementation) were prepared. Fish were fed with @3% of their body weight twice a day at 10.00 & 16:00 hour. Significantly higher percent weight gain (420.18 ± 66.84a) and specific growth rate (13499.33±1273.54a) along with improved feed conversion ratio (1.29 ± 0.09b) and hundred percent survivals were recorded during the trial. Furthermore proximate analysis of meat showed significant improvement in the crude protein level (81.77 ± 0.19a) served with diet containing 20% limiting amino acids mixture. Therefore, limiting amino acids can be a source of cost effective feed and use safely in L. rohita diet.(AU)


O estudo de 90 dias foi realizado em hapas instalados em tanques de terra. Peixes com peso inicial médio (220 g) foram distribuídos uniformemente em grupos triplicados em 15 hapas. Cinco dietas experimentais rotuladas como T1 (25% de CP e NRC recomendado nível de aminoácidos) como dieta controle, T2 (com 2% de proteína baixa e 5% de suplementação de aminoácidos), T3 (com 2% de proteína baixa e 10% de suplementação de aminoácidos), T4 (com 4% de baixa proteína e 10% de suplementação de aminoácidos) e T5 (com 4% de baixa proteína e 20% de suplementação de aminoácidos) foram preparadas. Os peixes foram alimentados com 3% do seu peso corporal duas vezes por dia às 10h00 e 16h00. Ganho de peso significativamente maior (420,18 ± 66,84a) e taxa de crescimento específico (13499,33 ± 1273,54a) juntamente com taxa de conversão alimentar melhorada (1, 29 ± 0,09b) e sobrevivência de cem por cento foram registrados durante o ensaio. Além disso, a análise aproximada da carne mostrou melhora significativa no nível de proteína bruta (81,77 ± 0,19a) servida com dieta contendo 20% de mistura de aminoácidos limitantes. Portanto, a limitação de aminoácidos pode ser uma fonte de alimentação econômica e usada com segurança na dieta de L. rohita.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cyprinidae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cyprinidae/metabolismo , Dietoterapia/veterinária , Dieta com Restrição de Proteínas/veterinária
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e249422, 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339393

RESUMO

Abstract Ninety days study was conducted in hapas installed in earthen ponds. Fish of an average initial weight (220g) were evenly distributed in triplicate groups within fifteen hapas. Five experimental diets labeled as T1 (25% CP and NRC recommended amino acid level) as control diet, T2 (with 2% low protein and 5% amino acid supplementation), T3 (with 2% low protein and 10% amino acid supplementation), T4 (with 4% low protein and 10% amino acid supplementation) and T5 (with 4% low protein and 20% amino acid supplementation) were prepared. Fish were fed with @3% of their body weight twice a day at 10.00 & 16:00 hour. Significantly higher percent weight gain (420.18 ± 66.84a) and specific growth rate (13499.33±1273.54a) along with improved feed conversion ratio (1.29 ± 0.09b) and hundred percent survivals were recorded during the trial. Furthermore proximate analysis of meat showed significant improvement in the crude protein level (81.77 ± 0.19a) served with diet containing 20% limiting amino acids mixture. Therefore, limiting amino acids can be a source of cost effective feed and use safely in L. rohita diet.


Resumo O estudo de 90 dias foi realizado em hapas instalados em tanques de terra. Peixes com peso inicial médio (220 g) foram distribuídos uniformemente em grupos triplicados em 15 hapas. Cinco dietas experimentais rotuladas como T1 (25% de CP e NRC recomendado nível de aminoácidos) como dieta controle, T2 (com 2% de proteína baixa e 5% de suplementação de aminoácidos), T3 (com 2% de proteína baixa e 10% de suplementação de aminoácidos), T4 (com 4% de baixa proteína e 10% de suplementação de aminoácidos) e T5 (com 4% de baixa proteína e 20% de suplementação de aminoácidos) foram preparadas. Os peixes foram alimentados com 3% do seu peso corporal duas vezes por dia às 10h00 e 16h00. Ganho de peso significativamente maior (420,18 ± 66,84a) e taxa de crescimento específico (13499,33 ± 1273,54a) juntamente com taxa de conversão alimentar melhorada (1, 29 ± 0,09b) e sobrevivência de cem por cento foram registrados durante o ensaio. Além disso, a análise aproximada da carne mostrou melhora significativa no nível de proteína bruta (81,77 ± 0,19a) servida com dieta contendo 20% de mistura de aminoácidos limitantes. Portanto, a limitação de aminoácidos pode ser uma fonte de alimentação econômica e usada com segurança na dieta de L. rohita.


Assuntos
Animais , Cyprinidae , Ração Animal/análise , Suplementos Nutricionais , Dieta/veterinária , Aminoácidos
3.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2429: 547-554, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35507188

RESUMO

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a small subpopulation of self-renewing cancer cells that are present within tumors. Calculating the frequency of tumor-initiating cells is important in the assessment of the number of CSCs present in a cell population. In this chapter, we present a protocol developed for quantification of CSCs from breast cancer tumors that can be adapted to CSCs from other types of tumors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo
4.
Ann Bot ; 2022 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35608820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Tree growth in plateau forests is critically limited by harsh climatic conditions. Many mathematical statistics have been used to identify the relationship between tree growth and climatic factors, but there is still uncertainty regarding the relative importance of these factors across different regions. We tested major climatic limits at 30 sites to provide insights into the main climatic limits for juniper trees (Juniperus tibetica Kom.) across the southern Tibetan Plateau. METHODS: We analysed the linear and nonlinear relationships between tree growth and climatic factors using Pearson correlation statistics and a process-based forward Vaganov-Shashkin-Lite (VS-Lite) model, respectively. These relationships were used to identify the strength of the influence of different climatic factors throughout junipers' growing season and to identify the main climatic factors limiting tree growth. KEY RESULTS: The growth of juniper trees began in April and ended in October in the study area. The radial growth of juniper trees was limited by the soil moisture throughout the summer (June to August) of the current year at 24 sampling sites and limited by temperature at the six extra sites on the southern Tibetan Plateau. CONCLUSIONS: Soil moisture limited juniper growth at the majority of sites. The temperature in the current summer limited the growth of juniper trees at a few sampling sites in the western part of the study area. Local climate conditions may contribute to different limiting factors in the growth response of trees on the southern Tibetan Plateau. These findings may contribute to the understanding of divergent forest dynamics and to sustainable forest management under future climate scenarios.

5.
Water Res ; 219: 118562, 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35580393

RESUMO

Occurring worldwide, blooms of Raphidiopsis raciborskii threaten the use of water resources especially in tropical and subtropical waterbodies. Its high flexibility in the uses of light and macronutrients (C, N, P) frustrates any bloom prediction and control based on macronutrients regulation. To identify the critical factors promoting periodic blooms of R. raciborskii, the trends of meteorological, hydrodynamic, physical, and chemical variables (including macro- and micronutrients: N, P, Fe) were analyzed in a Chinese tropical large reservoir (Dashahe reservoir) over five years. It was hypothesized that Fe availability, mediated by the mixing pattern of the reservoir, played a crucial role in the periodic blooms of the cyanobacterium. To have a more complete understanding, the effects of Fe on growth of a local R. raciborskii strain were tested in a monoculture experiment. The biomass and relative abundance of R. raciborskii in the reservoir showed a clear seasonal trend, with relative abundance > 50% in summer/autumn (July to October). Three habitat types along a dominance gradient were identified in the reservoir and 17 variables were used to compare them. Statistical analysis and habitat comparison showed that temperature and stratification, dissolved Fe and N concentrations in the epilimnion, and dissolved Fe and oxygen concentrations in the hypolimnion were the critical factors driving the dynamics of R. raciborskii in the study reservoir. The habitat dominated by R. raciborskii was characterized by a relatively low availability of macro resources (Zeu/Zm < 1, SRP < 0.01 mg/L, DIN < 0.3 mg/L) and by a high Fe availability supplemented from hypoxic hypolimnion. The dependence of growth on Fe concentration increase was confirmed in culture where the maximum was reached at 0.689 mg Fe /L. Our results suggest that a high Fe bioavailability, also originating from the hypoxic hypolimnion, influences the dynamics R. raciborskii and favors the blooms of the species. As a consequence, Fe concentrations in the water column as well as oxygen measurements along the water column should be routinely included in the monitoring programs aimed at predicting and controlling R. raciborskii blooms.

6.
BMC Med Ethics ; 23(1): 52, 2022 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35578235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For children with life-limiting conditions who are unable to participate in decision-making, decisions are made for them by their parents and paediatricians. Shared decision-making is widely recommended in paediatric clinical care, with parents preferring a collaborative approach in the care of their child. Despite the increasing emphasis to adopt this approach, little is known about the roles and responsibilities taken by parents and paediatricians in this process. In this study, we describe how paediatricians approach decision-making for a child with a life-limiting condition who is unable to participate in decision-making for his/herself. METHODS: This qualitative phenomenological study involved 25 purposively sampled paediatricians. Verbatim transcripts from individual semi-structured interviews, conducted between mid-2019 and mid-2020, underwent thematic analysis. Interviews were based around a case vignette matched to the clinical experience of each paediatrician. RESULTS: Two key themes were identified in the exploration of paediatricians' approach to decision-making for children with life-limiting conditions: (1) there is a spectrum of paediatricians' roles and responsibilities in decision-making, and (2) the specific influences on paediatricians' choice of approach for end-of-life decisions. In relation to (1), analysis showed four distinct approaches: (i) non-directed, (ii) joint, (iii) interpretative, and (iv) directed. In relation to (2), the common factors were: (i) harm to the child, (ii) possible psychological harm to parents, (iii) parental preferences in decision-making, and (iv) resource allocation. CONCLUSIONS: Despite self-reporting shared decision-making practices, what paediatricians often described were physician-led decision-making approaches. Adopting these approaches was predominantly justified by paediatricians' considerations of harm to the child and parents. Further research is needed to elucidate the issues identified in this study, particularly the communication within and parental responses to physician-led approaches. We also need to further study how parental needs are identified in family-led decision-making approaches. These nuances and complexities are needed for future practice guidance and training around paediatric decision-making. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Not applicable.

7.
Clin Case Rep ; 10(5): e05802, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35600039

RESUMO

Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is a rare complication of the Multiple Evanescent White Dot Syndrome (MEWDS). It can develop after resolving of the disease when there is already no evident inflammatory activity. Therefore, a long-term follow-up of such patients is important.

8.
J Pediatr Psychol ; 47(5): 606-616, 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35552431

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Living with a child with a life-limiting condition (LLC), for which there is no hope of cure and premature death is expected, places much stress on a family unit. Familial communication has the potential to serve as a buffer when children are faced with stressful situations. The overall aim of the study was to learn more about illness-related communication between parents and well-siblings, giving particular consideration to the amount of illness-related communication, and sibling satisfaction with familial communication. METHODS: Participants included 48 well-siblings (aged 6-21 years) of children with LLCs and their parents. Parents and well-siblings independently completed validated measures of familial communication and sibling functioning. Parents also provided demographic information and completed a questionnaire assessing amount of illness-related information provided to well-siblings. RESULTS: Parents reported that 47.8% of well-siblings never or rarely initiated conversations about their sibling's illness. Moreover, 52.2% of well-siblings never or rarely spoke about death. Amount of illness-related communication between parents and well-siblings was most strongly predicted by parental resilience and well-sibling age. Parents engaged in significantly more illness-related communication with girls than boys (t(44)=-2.28, p = .028). Well-siblings (p < .01) and parents (p < .05) rated satisfaction with familial communication significantly higher than published norms. The only significant predictor of well-sibling satisfaction with familial communication was greater familial cohesion. Family communication variables were not significantly correlated with measures of sibling functioning (all p's>.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides new information regarding parent and well-sibling communication in families who have a child with a LLC.

9.
Molecules ; 27(9)2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35566197

RESUMO

The linear and nonlinear optical properties of two BODIPY derivatives, 1,7-Diphenyl-3,5-bis(9,9-dimethyl-9H-fluoren-2-yl)-boron-diuoride-azadipyrromethene (ZL-61) and 1,7-Diphenyl-3,5-bis(4-(1,2,2-triphenylvinyl)phenyl)-boron-diuoride-azadipyrromethene (ZL-22), were comprehensively investigated based on experimental and theoretical studies. It was found that both compounds show a strong two-photon absorption response in the near-infrared regime, and the two-photon-absorption cross-section values of ZL-61 and ZL-22 were determined to be 8321 GM and 1864 GM at 800 nm, respectively. The improvement of the two-photon absorption cross section in ZL-61 was attributed to the enhancement of the donor group, which was confirmed by transient absorption measurements and DFT calculation. Our results indicate that these BODIPY derivatives are a promising candidate for optical limiting and two-photon imaging applications.

10.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(9)2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35566911

RESUMO

Hybrid polymer films of polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP)/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) embedded with gradient levels of Bi-powder were prepared using a conventional solution casting process. XRD, FTIR, and SEM techniques have been used to examine the micro/molecular structure and morphology of the synthesized flexible films. The intensities of the diffraction peaks and transmission spectrum of the PVP/PVA gradually declined with the introduction of Bi-metal. In addition, filler changes the microstructure surface of the pure film. The modification in the microstructure leads to an enhancement in the optical absorption characteristic of the blend films. The indirect allowed transition energy was calculated via Tauc's and ASF (Absorption Spectra Fitting) models. The decrease in the hybrid film's bandgap returns to the localized states in the forbidden region, which led the present films to be suitable for photo-electric, solar cell, etc., applications. The relation between the transition energy and the refractive index was studied. The enhancement in the refractive index with Bi-metal concentrations led to use the as-prepared films in optical sensors. The rise of Bi-metal concentrations leads also to the improvement of the nonlinear susceptibility and refractive parameters. The optical limiting characteristics revealed that the higher concentration dopant films reduce the light transmission intensity which is appropriate for laser attenuation and optical limiting in photonic devices. The results suggest that hybrid films are promising materials in a wide range of opto-electronic applications.

11.
Cureus ; 14(4): e24085, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35573563

RESUMO

Granular parakeratosis (GP) is a rare, idiopathic, and self-limiting cutaneous disorder. It clinically presents as erythematous to brown hyperkeratotic or scaly papules that can coalesce to form plaques. If GP is suspected clinically, histopathological confirmation is adequate for diagnosis. Several treatment modalities were tried with varying success, but none was consistently efficacious. Given the rarity of GP and the variety in its clinical presentation and management, we report a case of a self-resolving infra-abdominal GP. Our patient is a 47-year-old female who presented with a one-week history of asymptomatic, multiple, linear, horizontal, brown, hyperpigmented scaly papules in the infra-abdominal fold. She had a three-year history of applying almond oil and Sudocrem Antiseptic Healing Cream®. Histopathology showed the retention of basophilic keratohyalin granules within the area of parakeratosis in the stratum corneum, which is consistent with GP. She was discharged on emollients, and on follow-up one month later, her lesions completely resolved. In conclusion, GP is a rare cutaneous disorder characterized by hyperkeratotic plaques or papules typically on intertriginous areas. The natural history of the disease may vary from spontaneous resolution to a waxing and waning condition. In addition, given how uncommon the disease is and its variable etiologies and course, definite management is yet to be established and a standardized treatment recommendation is lacking.

12.
Front Mol Biosci ; 9: 857491, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35517863

RESUMO

The fatty acid dehydrogenase fat-1 gene, derived from Caenorhabditis elegans, encodes n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid dehydrogenase (Δ15 desaturase) and catalyzes the 18-20-carbon n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-6 PUFA) to generate corresponding n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA). Subsequently, fat-1 can influence the n-6: n-3 PUFA ratio in fat-1 transgenic cells. This study aimed to explore which processes of energy metabolism are affected exogenous fat-1 transgene and the relationship between these effects and DNA methylation. Compared with the wild-type group, the n-3 PUFA content in fat-1 transgenic bovine fetal fibroblasts was significantly increased, and the n-6 PUFA content and the n-6: n-3 PUFA ratio decreased. In the context of energy metabolism, the increase of exogenous fat-1 transgene decreased ATP synthesis by 39% and reduced the activity and expression of key rate-limiting enzymes in glycolysis, the tricarboxylic acid cycle, and oxidative phosphorylation, thus weakening the cells' capacity for ATP production. DNA methylation sequencing indicated that this inhibition of gene expression may be due to altered DNA methylation that regulates cell energy metabolism. Exogenous fat-1 transgenic cells showed changes in the degree of methylation in the promoter region of genes related to energy metabolism rate-limiting enzymes. We suggest that alters the balance of n-6/n-3 PUFA could regulate altered DNA methylation that affect mitochondrial energy metabolism.

13.
Rom J Ophthalmol ; 66(1): 79-83, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531456

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the development of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) atrophy after uncomplicated pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with epiretinal membrane (ERM) and/or internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling in 2 patients. Cases description: Case 1: A 79-years-old female with diagnosis of a full-thickness macular hole in her right eye (OD) with best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of: 20/100 and left eye (OS): 20/70. After surgery she developed large RPE hyperplasia and presented hand movement that did not improve with pinhole. Case 2: A 69-years-old female patient who had ERM in her OS with BCVA of 20/30 in both eyes (OU). PPV was assisted with brilliant blue (BB) to better visualize the ILM. During follow-up visits we evidenced RPE atrophy in the zone where peeling was done. In the last control after 2-years, her visual acuity was 20/40 that did not improve with pinhole. Discussion: There are three possible mechanisms to explain this complication: toxic damage, mechanical trauma during the membrane removal with forceps, or a combination of both. In our cases, a combination of them is probably the cause of the presence of RPE atrophy. Conclusion: Vitrectomy with membrane removal is successful in most cases with low rate of complications. Because RPE atrophy is infrequent, our suggestion is to continue performing this technique and if possible, it should be done without dye staining to minimize risks. Abbreviations: ERM = epiretinal membrane, ILM = internal limiting membrane, MH = macular hole, RPE = Retinal pigment epithelium, OD = right eye, BCVA = Best corrected visual acuity, OS = left eye, OU = both eyes, IOL = intraocular lens, OCT = Optical coherence tomography, BB = Brilliant blue, TB = Trypan blue, ICG = indocyanine green.


Assuntos
Membrana Epirretiniana , Perfurações Retinianas , Idoso , Atrofia , Membrana Basal/cirurgia , Membrana Epirretiniana/diagnóstico , Membrana Epirretiniana/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Perfurações Retinianas/diagnóstico , Perfurações Retinianas/etiologia , Perfurações Retinianas/cirurgia , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Vitrectomia/efeitos adversos , Vitrectomia/métodos
14.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1): 169, 2022 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421936

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We report for the first time a way to predict the 2-dimensional extension of an internal limiting membrane (ILM) defect by detecting the area with dissociated optic nerve fiber layer (DONFL)-like spots in the preoperative optical coherence tomography (OCT) en-face images. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Case 1 was a 67-year-old man with metamorphopsia and decreased vision in his right eye. His best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 20/100, with a pterygium, a moderate nuclear cataract, and an epiretinal membrane (ERM). Case 2 was a 73-year-old man with metamorphopsia and decreased vision in his left eye. His BCVA was 20/25, with a moderate nuclear cataract and an ERM. Both patients underwent simultaneous cataract surgery and pars plana vitrectomy with ERM and ILM peeling. Brilliant Blue G staining, performed before ERM and ILM peeling, revealed an unstained area. A careful evaluation of the area showed that it was not covered by either the ERM or ILM. A postoperative evaluation of the preoperative OCT images obtained from these cases showed DONFL-like low-brightness spots in the ILM defect area on the OCT en-face images. CONCLUSIONS: OCT en-face images may indicate the area of the ILM defect. To avoid iatrogenic damage to the retinal nerve fiber layer by touching/pinching it with forceps, detecting areas with DONFL-like spots in the preoperative OCT en-face images may be useful to predict an ILM defect.


Assuntos
Catarata , Membrana Epirretiniana , Idoso , Membrana Basal/cirurgia , Membrana Epirretiniana/diagnóstico , Membrana Epirretiniana/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Fibras Nervosas , Nervo Óptico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Acuidade Visual , Vitrectomia/métodos
15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202202853, 2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35478311

RESUMO

As one of the most representative polyoxometalate (POM) structures, Keggin clusters have attracted considerable attention. Nevertheless, the noble-metal-templated Keggin structure has not been reported to date. In this work, for the first time, a Ag atom was successfully incorporated to template the formation of a γ-Keggin alkytin-oxo cluster. Moreover, the central Ag atom has brought a significant heavy atom effect, showing the important influence on the electronic structure and optical properties. Theoretical calculations demonstrate that the Ag atom affects the frontier molecular orbitals and excited states of the AgSn12 cluster, and also the process of electron transfer. The solid structure of the AgSn12 cluster exhibits a significant third-order nonlinear optical (NLO) response, and an excellent optical limiting effect has been experimentally verified. The success of this work opens the way for the construction and optical properties modulation of noble metal templated Keggin structures.

16.
Radiother Oncol ; 170: 21-26, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35367525

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Trametinib is a MEK inhibitor with intracranial activity indicated for BRAF-mutant metastatic malignancies. Yet, the safety of trametinib concurrent with whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) is unknown. We performed a single-institution, prospective, 3 + 3, phase I clinical trial to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of trametinib with WBRT. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients with brain metastases (BM) received daily trametinib for 28 days, starting 7 days prior to and continuing through WBRT (37.5 Gy/15 fractions). Dose levels (DL)1-3 were 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 mg. The MTD of trametinib plus WBRT, the max dose where ≤1 of 6 patients experienced a dose limiting toxicity (DLT), was the primary endpoint. RESULTS: 10 patients were enrolled (median age-59 [47-64], BM-5 [1-10], 50% melanoma). Three and 7 patients were assigned to DL1 and 2. One DL2 patient withdrew. 89% of remaining patients completed therapy per protocol, but 1 DL2 patient with systemic progression discontinued therapy at 30 Gy. Thirteen grade (G)3-4 toxicities were observed, of which 12 occurred at DL2 (4/6 of patients). DLT was reached at DL2 (G4 thrombocytopenia and G3 diarrhea, 1 each). There were no G5 toxicities. Median overall survival was 2.2 months. During the study period, changing practice patterns favored utilization of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Thus, the trial closed early prior to completion. CONCLUSIONS: In a patient population representative of modern candidates for WBRT, trametinib plus WBRT is highly toxic with a MTD <1.5 mg. The safety of trametinib with SRS remains an important question for future study.

17.
Environ Sci Technol ; 56(10): 6678-6688, 2022 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35475365

RESUMO

Osmotically assisted reverse osmosis (OARO) has shown great potential for low-cost and energy-efficient brine management. However, its performance can be significantly limited by membrane fouling. Here, we performed for the first time a comprehensive study on OARO membrane fouling, explored the associated fouling mechanisms, and evaluated fouling reversibility via simple physical cleaning strategies. First, internal membrane fouling at the draw (permeate) side was shown to be insignificant. Flux behavior in short-term operation was correlated to both the evolution of fouling and the change of internal concentration polarization. In long-term operation, membrane fouling constrained the OARO water flux to a singular, common upper limit, in terms of limiting flux, which was demonstrated to be independent of operating pressures and membrane properties. Generally, once the limiting flux was exceeded, the OARO process performance could not be improved by higher-pressure operation or by utilizing more permeable and selective membranes. Instead, different cyclic cleaning strategies were shown to be more promising alternatives for improving performance. While both surface flushing and osmotic backwashing (OB) were found to be highly effective when using pure water, a full flux recovery could not be achieved when a nonpure solution was used during OB due to severe internal clogging during OB. All in all, the presented findings provided significant implications for OARO operation and fouling control.

18.
Cureus ; 14(3): e23469, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35475108

RESUMO

Japanese encephalitis is one of the most important causes of viral encephalitis in Asian countries caused by an arbovirus belonging to the flavivirus family. Complications following infection are frequent. Most common complications include dystonia, movement disorders, seizures, behavioral abnormalities, and persistent cognitive impairment. Herein, we describe a patient who after one month of being diagnosed with Japanese encephalitis developed opsoclonus-myoclonus. At a two-month follow-up, opsoclonus-myoclonus significantly improved with steroid therapy.

19.
Environ Entomol ; 2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35486381

RESUMO

Bess beetle species tend to be endemic and are useful indicators for the designation of conservation areas. However, little is known about the diversity and distribution of these beetles in El Salvador. Here, we present results from a study testing if species segregated along the altitudinal gradient of Montecristo National Park, El Salvador. The survey was done between September and December 2015. Beetles were collected at nine transects from three ecosystems, which included cloud, mixed-pine, and dry forests that occur along the altitudinal gradient of Montecristo. We sampled a total of 696 trees, finding 79 galleries of bess beetles, belonging to 13 species, which included: Arrox agassizi (Kaup), Chondrocephalus granulifrons (Bates), Chondrocephalus sp., Chondrocephalus salvadorae (Schuster), Heliscus eclipticus (Truqui), Odontotaenius striatopunctatus (Percheron), Ogyges politus (Hincks), Oileus sargi (Kaup), Passalus punctatostriatus Percheron, Passalus punctiger Lepeletier & Audinet-Serville, Verres hageni Kaup, Vindex sculptilis Bates, and Chondrocephalus gemmae Reyes-Castillo & Castillo which is a new species record for El Salvador. We found that species segregated by altitude, with the highest species richness observed in the cloud forest (n = 6), followed by the dry (n = 5) and mixed pine-oak (n = 4) forests. Most species were randomly associated with different tree species trunks, with the exception of V. hageni which was associated with trunks of Cecropia sp. Loefl. (Rosales: Urticaceae), and P. punctastriatus and P. punctiger which were associated with trunks of Cordia alliodora (Ruiz & Pav.) Oken (Boraginales: Boraginaceae). Our results show that species segregate by habitat, as only two species (C. gemmae and H. eclipticus) were found in more than one ecosystem.

20.
BMC Womens Health ; 22(1): 124, 2022 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35439954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Demand for family planning is predominantly for birth limiting rather than birth spacing in India. Despite several family planning programmes in India, the use of reversible contraception for limiting family planning has been stagnant and largely depends on female sterilization. Though many researchers have examined patterns and determinants of using modern contraception for total family planning, studies on patterns and determinants of contraceptive use for birth limiting are limited in India. This paper examines the patterns of contraceptive use for liming demand and its determinants in India. METHODS: The National Family Health Survey-4, 2015-16 data was used. Bivariate chi-square significant test and multivariate binary logistic regression model used to accomplish the study objectives. RESULTS: Majority of women (86.5%) satisfied limiting demand (SLD) in India; the SLD was found significantly low among the women's age 15-19 years (53.1%) and parity 0 (42%). The satisfied limiting demand by modern reversible contraception (mrSLD) was found significantly high in age group 15-19 years (49.1%), Muslims (30.6%) and North-east region (45.4%). The satisfied limiting demand by traditional contraception (tSLD) was almost three times higher in North-east region (26.1%) than national average of India (8.7%). The women's years of schooling, wealth status, religion and presence of son child found to be significant determinants of mrSLD. The likelihood of tSLD was found significantly high among the women who had no son child (AOR = 1.41; 95% CI:1.34, 1.48), Muslim (AOR = 1.78; 95% CI:1.70, 1.87). A considerable regional variability in levels of SLD, mrSLD and tSLD was found in India. CONCLUSION: Public investment in family planning is required to promote and provide subsidized modern reversible contraception (MRC) services, especially to women from North-east region, Muslim, Scheduled tribe, poor household and who had no son child. Improving the quality and availability of MRC services in public health centre will be helpful to increase SLD among the above mentioned women. Besides, the promotion of MRC will be supportive to overcome the issues of sterilization regrets in India.


Assuntos
Anticoncepcionais , Serviços de Planejamento Familiar , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Anticoncepção , Comportamento Contraceptivo , Anticoncepcionais/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Índia , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
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