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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e252426, 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1374656

RESUMO

Fresh dates of seventeen varieties and khalts from Southern Morocco were analysed for their colour, pigments content, and sensory profile. The results showed significant differences between the sensory profiles of the samples due to the variability of the genotype and their different origin. Fresh date varieties and khalts were a good source of ß-carotene (0.49 - 10.86 µg of ß-carotene /100 g FW). The results revealed that the date varieties and khalts were found to have an excellent functional composition and good sensory characteristics. Therefore, these varieties of Moroccan dates could be used for fresh consumption and in the processing industry, which will constitute a significant source of antioxidants.


Tâmaras frescas de 17 variedades e khalts do sul do Marrocos foram analisadas por sua cor, conteúdo de pigmentos e perfil sensorial. Os resultados mostraram diferenças significativas entre os perfis sensoriais das amostras devido à variabilidade do genótipo e suas diferentes origens. Variedades de tâmaras frescas e khalts foram consideradas uma boa fonte de ß-caroteno (0,49-10,86 µg de ß-caroteno / 100 g FW). Na verdade, os resultados revelaram que as variedades de tâmaras e khalts apresentam uma boa composição funcional e boas características sensoriais. Portanto, essas variedades de tâmaras marroquinas podem ser usadas para consumo in natura e na indústria de processamento, que constituirá uma fonte considerável de antioxidantes.


Assuntos
Pigmentação da Pele , Carotenoides , Phoeniceae/genética , Antioxidantes
2.
Toxicon ; 218: 70-75, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087714

RESUMO

Scorpionism is a serious public health problem in several parts of the world including Morocco, where is considered as the first cause of intoxication. The Beni Mellal-Khenifra region is one of the most affected regions by this health problem. The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiological and faunistic characteristics of scorpionism in this area. A retrospective epidemiological study was conducted based on the data of 16,388 cases of scorpion stings recorded between 2016 and 2020. In the laboratory, the collected scorpions were determined morphologically based on the valid taxonomic keys. Statistical and descriptive analyses were performed using Excel 2016. Statistical significance was determined by P-value < 0.05. The study comprised 16,388 stung patients. The scorpion stings incidence was 123.58 cases/100,000 population/year and was significantly higher at Azilal province (217.69 cases/100,000 population/year). We found a positive correlation between the scorpion stings incidence and the percentage of the rural population (r = 0.72) and between the scorpion stings incidence and the number of harmful species found in each province (r = 0.69). The general lethality rate was on average of 0.30% with a higher rate in Fquih Ben Salah province (0.63%) followed by Azilal province (0.32%). Children have the highest lethality than adults (p < 0.05). In the study area, eight species were identified, belonging to the families Buthidae and Scorpionidae, including dangerous species. Scorpionism is a real health problem in the Beni Mellal-Khenifra region, which is a rich and diverse area of scorpion fauna. Our findings can be useful for better understanding the problem of scorpionism in this region in order to better control it.

3.
Afr J Infect Dis ; 16(2 Suppl): 72-77, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36124329

RESUMO

Background: The main challenge faced in the African countries was to implement efficient molecular diagnostic facilities and start Covid-19 diagnosis as fast as possible to handle the rapid and unpredictable rise of cases. Materials Methods and Results: We describe our experience in implementing a molecular biology unit at Sheikh Zaïd International University Hospital in Rabat, with a delay as short as one week, and starting real-time RT-PCR assay for the detection of SARS-Cov-2 infection, since the outbreak widened in Morocco in mid-March, 2020. Conclusion: The challenges encountered in the first period of Covid-19 pandemic are still present. This work aims to give an example of a rapid and adaptive response in order to maintain our diagnosis ability for Covid-19 and for other pathogens.

4.
Telemed J E Health ; 2022 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126680

RESUMO

Background: Recent technological advances have paved the way for a new modality of medical practice known as teleconsultation. Positive perceptions about the benefits of teleconsultation and its acceptance by clinicians are key predictors of its uptake. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, perceptions, and acceptability of teleconsultation among Moroccan physicians. Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted at the Cheikh Khalifa International University Hospital (HCK) of Casablanca, Morocco. Study participants answered an anonymous self-administered questionnaire designed based on similar studies. The questionnaire contained four sections related to demographic characteristics, knowledge about telemedicine and teleconsultation, perceptions about teleconsultation, and its acceptability by the study participants. Results: Of 486 eligible participants, a total of 212 completed the questionnaire. Approximately 96.7% had prior knowledge of teleconsultation. Most participants identified internet access (95.3%), data security (93.4%), and confidentiality (92.9%) as the main facilitators to the use of teleconsultation. The main barriers to the use of teleconsultation were internet access issues (98.6%), poor audio quality (96.2%), poor video quality (94.3%), and difficulty encountered by patients in expressing themselves and communicating with their physician (79.7%). The majority of participants (91.5%) believed that teleconsultation will be an integral part of future medical practice and about 70.8% thought that they would be able to allot time to teleconsultation in their current schedules. Conclusions: The findings of this study should be used by policy makers to remove barriers and promote enablers of teleconsultation use by physicians to bring health care closer to the Moroccan population.

5.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1705, 2022 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enacted or anticipated stigma among people living with HIV (PLHIV) can negatively impact healthcare engagement. We identified factors associated with having avoided HIV health services for fear of stigma among PLHIV in Morocco. METHODS: The Stigma Index survey was conducted in Morocco in March-June 2016. Factors associated with avoiding HIV testing and treatment services for fear of stigma by (A) health personnel or family/neighbours and (B) health personnel and family/neighbours compared to people who did not avoid health services for fear of stigma from either of the two sources were assessed using multinomial logistic regression models. RESULTS: Among 583 respondents, 280 (48.0%) were women and median number of years living with HIV was 5[IQR:2-7]. Half of the respondents reported avoiding health services for fear of stigma by health personnel and/or family/neighbours: (A) n = 228, 39.1% and (B) n = 68, 11.7%. After adjustment on perceived health status, not having had easy access to antiretroviral treatment ((A) aRR [95% CI] = 1.76[1.16; 2.68]; (B) 2.18[1.11; 4.27]), discrimination by PLHIV ((A) 1.87[1.12; 3.13]; (B) 3.35[1.63; 6.88]) and exclusion from social activities ((A) 1.70[1.10; 2.61]; (B) 2.63[1.39; 5.00]) were associated with having avoided health services for fear of stigma by health personnel or/and family/neighbours. Being female (2.85[1.48; 5.47]), not having been referred for an HIV test for suspected symptoms 3.47[1.67; 7.22], having discussed sexual/reproductive health with a health professional (4.56[2.38; 8.71]), and not having the feeling to influence decisions on local projects for PLHIV (3.47[1.37; 7.83], were associated with having avoided health services for fear of stigma by both sources. CONCLUSION: Results suggest a cumulative effect of fear of stigma and discrimination among PLHIV in Morocco. PLHIV who have experienced discrimination may seek to avoid similar situations at the expense of their health. These results should inform multi-level interventions and broader advocacy efforts to reduce stigma and discrimination.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Atenção à Saúde , Medo , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Marrocos , Estigma Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Mediterr J Rheumatol ; 33(2): 224-231, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36128204

RESUMO

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the therapeutic maintenance level of methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis patients enrolled in the Moroccan biotherapy registry and to identify predictive factors for discontinuing MTX treatment. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using the baseline data of the Moroccan biotherapy registry for RBSMR (a multicentric study that aims to evaluate tolerance of biological therapy on patients affected with rheumatic diseases). Demographics and disease features were compared using descriptive statistics. Therapeutic maintenance levels were determined according to a Kaplan-Meier survival curve and a univariate Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to compare the strength of potential factors, followed by a multivariate Cox model to identify significant predictors of MTX discontinuation. Statistically significant results were considered for p values less than 0.05. Results: 224 patients with rheumatoid arthritis were included in this study. The mean age of patients was 51.83±11.26 years with a majority of females (87.50%). The median duration of disease was 12 [1.66-41.02] years. The therapeutic maintenance level of MTX was 91.1% at 1 year, 87.1% at 2 years, and 68.3% at 5 years. The median of treatment duration was 2, 02 [0, 46-27,76] years. Causes of treatment interruption were side effects (66/88=75%), inefficiency (12/88=13.63%), and other reasons (10/88=11.36%). Predictive factors for stopping MTX were presence of rheumatoid factor (HR 2.24; 95% CI 1.14-5.15; p=0.02) and the access to education (HR 0.37; 95% CI 0.16-0.88; p=0.02). Conclusion: The therapeutic maintenance level of MTX in our study was satisfactory and comparable to other series, and influenced by many factors such as the occurrence of a side effect. It is necessary to sensitise medical practitioners on symptomatic prevention and management of side effects.

7.
J Med Entomol ; 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36130172

RESUMO

Northern Morocco is endemic for cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis. Our entomological investigations aim to evaluate the risk of Leishmania transmission by determining the species composition, the density, and seasonal fluctuation of sand fly populations in endemic and nonendemic areas of leishmaniasis in Tetouan province (North-Western Morocco). Using Sticky-paper traps, 8,370 specimens were collected between May and November 2015 in two localities: peri-urban area of Tetouan city, where leishmaniasis is endemic and that of the Oued Laou village where no cases of leishmaniasis have been recorded. Six sand fly species were identified. The genus Phebotomus was represented by five species: Phlebotomus ariasi, Phlebotomus. longicuspis, Phlebotomus perniciosus, Phlebotomus kazeruni, and Phlebotomus sergenti, while the genus Sergentomyia was represented by only one species Sergentomyia minuta. Phlebotomus perniciosus was dominant in the nonendemic area (47%) while Phlebotomus sergenti was dominant in the endemic area (51%). The spatio-temporal distribution of sand fly populations is discussed according to biotic and abiotic variables. Seasonal fluctuation in sand fly density showed a bimodal pattern for the subgenus Larroussius and a unimodal pattern for the subgenus Paraphlebotomus in Tetouan city. But, in Oued Laou village, a unimodal density distribution for species of the Larroussius subgenus and a bimodal seasonal distribution for species of the subgenus Paraphlebotomus were identified. We affirm the coexistence, in the study area, of vectors of both cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis, namely P. ariasi, P. longicuspis and P. perniciosus vectors of Leishmania infantum and P. sergenti vector of L. tropica. However, the geographic distribution, the specific abundance, and the activity reveal significant differences between endemic and nonendemic areas in the region.

8.
Ecancermedicalscience ; 16: 1411, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36072231

RESUMO

The progress on cancer diagnosis and treatment has attained, in the last decade, enormous achievements by any estimate. Immunotherapy, new generations of targeted therapies, Chimeric antigen T-cells, cancer vaccines and the fascinating breakthroughs in translational research and cancer biology have changed the direction of cancer care. However, the fact that all patients worldwide cannot have access to these advances is dramatic. Alongside this, taking part in clinical research is one way to improve and invest in cancer care. Patients from African-and most low-resources countries-are rarely offered the chance of being included in clinical trials. This well-known fact paints a disheartening picture of what having cancer is like in the poorest settings. This situation will further decline with population aging, major changes in risk profile imported from developed countries and life expectancy increasing in most African countries. If no radical changes are made, this North-South contrast will become more critical and continue to grow. Yet, there is room for hope because only when we acknowledge the problem can we begin to address it. We need a better understanding of the reasons behind this gap and to advocate for more representation from African patients in clinical trials, with respect to the socio-economic, epidemiological and unique demands of each country across the continent.

9.
Nutrients ; 14(17)2022 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36079915

RESUMO

Nutrition plays an important role both from a nutrition and a socio-psychological point of view; this part seems to be even more crucial in cerebral palsy where undernutrition is responsible for an increase in morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of swallowing disorders and oral malformations on the nutritional status of children with cerebral palsy. We evaluated 65 patients aged 2 to 17 years using a cross-sectional, descriptive and observational approach. All patients had a definite diagnosis of cerebral palsy. The measurement of anthropometric variables (weight, height, Body Mass Index (BMI) and circumferences) was performed according to recognized techniques and measurements. The Z-score was also calculated using the World Health Organization (WHO) references. The 5-level Gross Motor Function Classification System was used, providing a standardized classification of motor disability patterns for children with cerebral palsy. The population had a median age of 9.25 (4.50-16.00) and was about 53% female. Furthermore, 75% of the patients had a height inferior to 158 cm. The results of our study show that 42 (64.6%) had false routes, 17 (26.2%) had oral-facial malformations and 51 (78.5%) did not have lip prehensions during meals. The results also show that growth retardation is closely related to gross motor function with p = 0.01, as well as all nutritional indices (Z-score weight for age, Z-score height for age and Z-score BMI for age) are affected by swallowing disorders and oral malformations, with statistically significant values < 0.05. In conclusion, a preventive and curative management specific to this population of children with cerebral palsy must be implemented with an interdisciplinary concertation.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Transtornos de Deglutição , Pessoas com Deficiência , Transtornos Motores , Paralisia Cerebral/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Transtornos de Deglutição/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Nutricional
10.
Heliyon ; 8(8): e10209, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046543

RESUMO

During the last century, a great deal of effort has been directed toward determining soil erosion rates using various methods under a wide range of climatic conditions, soil types, land uses, topography, and among others. Therefore, to better understand soil erosion studies in Morocco, a country with diverse physiography and climatic variations we undertook an analysis of national data of several soil erosion modeling and fingerprinting. The approach used for this research is a review of scientific articles, conference papers and thesis on soil erosion, focusing more on categorization of the different soil erosion models and other methods applied. The results reveal very interesting information as follows: (i) the distribution and frequency level of modeling and fingerprinting applications; the focus was on the north of the country: (Rif 32.89%, High Atlas 32.89%, Occidental Meseta 18.43% and Middle Atlas 10.53%), (ii) The (R) USLE models remain the most widely used models (51,32%) in Morocco, (iii) The support practice factor was severely lacking across the country, (iv) the highest erosion rate is concentrated in the Atlas and Rif mountains; and (v) a positive relationship between erosion rate and geological features, slope, climate, land use and cover, plus other environmental characteristics, as well as measurement and modeling conditions, and a negative relationship with the study areas size and scale. Even though the overall results show a high degree of variability, which cannot be explained by this combination of factors, but is at a minimum partly related to the experimental conditions. This overview research and database are designed to assist in the future assessment of soil erosion and to help define priorities for soil erosion research by providing a state of art for future focused and comprehensive analyses to address this issue of soil erosion in Morocco.

11.
Ethiop J Health Sci ; 32(4): 747-754, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35950071

RESUMO

Background: Therapeutic observance remains a major problem in managing diabetic subjects, just like in other pathologies treated by medication and lifestyle modification. This study aims to determine the rate of therapeutic observance among diabetic subjects in the province of Essaouira and to identify the factors that influence it. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted among 498 type 1 and 2 diabetic subjects, regularly being checked at different health centers in the province of Essaouira (Morocco). Results: Almost a quarter of the surveyed subjects (23.3%) had poor observance. The results of the binary logistic regression model show that, in order of importance, observance is associated with six factors: Availability and access to medical treatment (Odds Ratio OR: 3; 95% CI confidence interval [1.78-5.03]); the side effects related to the treatment (OR: 2.60; 95% CI [1.65-4.09]); the family support (OR: 1.58 ; 95% CI [0.95-2.61]); duration of diabetes (OR: 0.55 ; 95% CI [0.34-0.88]); the age (OR: 0.50 ; 95% CI [0.30-0.82]); awareness level about the disease (OR: 0.43 ; 95% CI [0.21-0.90]). Conclusion: The results of the present study have allowed us to identify several factors that can influence therapeutic observance, that prove necessary to be considered and acted upon.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Marrocos , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Med Trop Sante Int ; 2(2)2022 06 30.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35919257

RESUMO

Introduction: Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease. All organs might be affected, but ocular syphilis occurs only in 0.6 percent of patients. A resurgence of syphilis cases has been observed for several years in many countries, especially in HIV-infected subjects. These patients often present with concomitant primary and secondary lesions or extensive presentations of syphilis. Case reports: We report 2 patients with syphilitic uveitis diagnosed and treated at the department of infectious diseases at the University hospital of Marrakech. Ocular involvement was inaugural in both HIV patients. Each had a specific treatment, but none had a complete recovery of visual function; the first patient was treated by ceftriaxone and the second one was treated by penicillin. Conclusion: Syphilis must be discussed in all patients diagnosed with uveitis or papillitis. The diagnosis should be suspected in cases of eye inflammation even in the absence of favourable clinical presentation or anamnesis. Search for HIV co-infection should be systematic. Although not evidence-based, prompt therapy may lead to functional recovery. Ceftriaxone could be a suitable alternative to penicillin in the treatment of early syphilis in HIV-infected patients. This treatment has a concomitant effectiveness even for asymptomatic forms of neurosyphilis. Ocular syphilis is a form of neurosyphilis and requires neurosyphilis therapy regardless of when it develops after primary infection.Conventional syphilis staging is of little use in understanding ocular syphilis. Co-infection between HIV and ocular syphilis is common, but does not affect response to a neurosyphilis regimen of penicillin in the short term.


Assuntos
Coinfecção , Endoftalmite , Infecções Oculares Bacterianas , Infecções por HIV , Neurossífilis , Sífilis , Uveíte , Ceftriaxona/uso terapêutico , Coinfecção/tratamento farmacológico , Endoftalmite/complicações , Infecções Oculares Bacterianas/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Humanos , Marrocos , Neurossífilis/complicações , Penicilinas/uso terapêutico , Sífilis/complicações , Uveíte/diagnóstico
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36033924

RESUMO

Background: Peripheral neuropathies constitute a common complaint in general and neurology practice, and are a source of handicap to patients. Epidemiological data in the Middle East and North Africa region as well as in the African continent are sparse. Nevertheless, regional etiological profiles are crucial in navigating the diagnostic maze of neuropathies. This study outlines the etiological profile of peripheral neuropathies in an academic hospital in southern Morocco. Results: A total of 180 cases were recorded in a span of 8 years (22.5 cases per year). The mean age of patients was 42.35 years. Male gender was predominant (68.88%), with a sex ratio of 2.2. Motor symptoms were the most frequently reported (86.6%). The axonal form (40.56%) was the most frequently encountered electrophysiologic form. The most frequent etiologies in the study were diabetes (26.7%), acute polyradiculoneuropathy (26.1%) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (16.1%). Alcohol neuropathy was found in 2.2% of the cohort. No cause was found in 5% of cases. Outcome was mostly favorable under treatment, although 10 deaths due to acute polyradiculoneuropathy were recorded (mortality = 21.3%). Conclusions: Knowledge of the etiological profile of peripheral neuropathies should guide clinicians to an early diagnosis and aid in an adapted management of patients. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1186/s41983-022-00531-4.

14.
Curr Pediatr Rep ; 10(3): 57-92, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36034212

RESUMO

Purpose of Review: Review building of programs to eliminate Toxoplasma infections. Recent Findings: Morbidity and mortality from toxoplasmosis led to programs in USA, Panama, and Colombia to facilitate understanding, treatment, prevention, and regional resources, incorporating student work. Summary: Studies foundational for building recent, regional approaches/programs are reviewed. Introduction provides an overview/review of programs in Panamá, the United States, and other countries. High prevalence/risk of exposure led to laws mandating testing in gestation, reporting, and development of broad-based teaching materials about Toxoplasma. These were tested for efficacy as learning tools for high-school students, pregnant women, medical students, physicians, scientists, public health officials and general public. Digitized, free, smart phone application effectively taught pregnant women about toxoplasmosis prevention. Perinatal infection care programs, identifying true regional risk factors, and point-of-care gestational screening facilitate prevention and care. When implemented fully across all demographics, such programs present opportunities to save lives, sight, and cognition with considerable spillover benefits for individuals and societies. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s40124-022-00269-w.

15.
Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique ; 70(5): 230-242, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927117

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This systematic review aims to determine the epidemiological profile, etiology and risk factors, prevention, diagnosis, treatment, cost-effectiveness, survival, and quality of life related to cervical cancer in Morocco. METHODS: This study was conducted according to the recommendations of the "preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis." The PubMed, ScienceDirect, Springer, Web of Science data bases were used, as was Google Scholar for the grey literature. The review protocol was registered in the PROSPERO register (CRD42021235241). RESULTS: Fifty studies were selected. The mean age was 49.31 ±6.3 years. HPV infection prevalence ranged from 13.30% to 76%, with a peak in HIV-positive women. Acceptability of the HPV vaccine was higher among parents (35% and 82%) than among adolescents (16.9% to 46.6%). Knowledge of the vaccine and its price are two key factors related to vaccine acceptability among parents. This systematic review highlights that the fact that few eligible women (not more than 11%) were participating in the cervical cancer screening program. Moroccan women's level of knowledge and awareness regarding cervical cancer screening was low, negatively impacting their use of such screening tools, as illustrated by the high percentage (mean 76.32% ± 17.21) of women who had never been screened for cervical cancer. Treatment was the most significant component of the global care budget (95.87%), with an annual cost of $13,027,609. Five-year overall survival ranged from 41.3% to 73.6%, with higher survival rates for patients diagnosed at an earlier stage (77.3-85% for stage I). Lastly, low quality of life was observed in women with tumors at an advanced stage who had received brachytherapy and lacked social support. CONCLUSIONS: Subjects that require further investigation include Moroccan women's knowledge, attitudes, and awareness, especially among those at high risk of developing cervical cancer, and its impact on their quality of life and survival.


Assuntos
Infecções por Papillomavirus , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Adolescente , Adulto , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Marrocos/epidemiologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
16.
Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique ; 70(5): 243-251, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Suicide is a widespread phenomenon that affects persons of all ages, and it has become a major public health problem in Morocco. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to describe the epidemiological profile of suicide attempters in Morocco, as well as the identification of associated factors. METHODS: The present work is a systematic review that was conducted according to the recommendations of the "Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis (2009)", including articles dealing with suicide attempts in Morocco that meet the usual inclusion criteria. The PubMed, ScienceDirect and Scopus databases were searched; articles had to be written in English or French. Additional studies were manually identified through via Google Scholar. Quality assessment of the included studies was carried out according to the NIH Assessment Tool. The review protocol was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42020165493). RESULTS: Twenty studies were selected. Adults and adolescents are the age groups most affected by suicide. That said, the phenomenon mainly concerns children over 10 years of age. In some studies, more than 90% of the cases involve females, and they are more numerous in urban than in rural settings, and single individuals are more affected than married people. As for children and adolescents, most of them had divorced parents, and more than 50% of suicidal persons of all ages had a low socio-economic level. Although females are more likely than males to commit suicide, males are more exposed to death due to the violent means used. CONCLUSIONS: Because of the alarming rate of suicide in our country, nationwide prevention strategies are called for.


Assuntos
Ideação Suicida , Tentativa de Suicídio , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Marrocos/epidemiologia
17.
Account Res ; : 1-20, 2022 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938392

RESUMO

Plagiarism is widely regarded as an issue of low- and middle-income countries because of several factors such as the lack of ethics policy and poor research training. In Morocco, plagiarism and its perception by academics has not been investigated on a large scale. In this study, we evaluated different aspects of plagiarism among scholars based on a 23-question cross-sectional survey. Factors associated with plagiarism were explored using contingency tables and logistic regression. The survey results covered all public universities (n=12) and included 1,220 recorded responses. The academic level was significantly associated with plagiarism (p<0.001). Having publication records was statistically associated with a reduced plagiarism (p=0.002). Notably, the ability of participants to correctly define plagiarism was also significantly associated with a reduced plagiarism misconduct (p<0.001). Unintentional plagiarism (p<0.001), time constraint to write an original text (p<0.001), and inability of participants to paraphrase (p<0.001) were associated factors with plagiarism. Moreover, participants that considered plagiarism as a serious issue in academic research had significantly committed less plagiarism (p<0.001). The current study showed that various actionable factors associated with plagiarism can be targeted by educational interventions, and therefore, it provided the rationale to build training programs on research integrity in Morocco.

18.
J Fluoresc ; 2022 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35948854

RESUMO

The present study, combining UV-Visible absorption and 3D fluorescence supported by PARAFAC chemometric analysis, focused on the characterization of soil water extractable organic matter (WEOM) in the zone of Doukkala located near the Atlantic coast of Morocco. The extracts, in water, of a set of 30 samples covering the four main types of agricultural soils in the region (commonly labeled Tirs, Faid, Hamri and R'mel) were investigated. [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] absorbance ratios [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] spectral slopes, along with their ratios[Formula: see text], as well as the fluorescence [Formula: see text] and humification [Formula: see text] indices were calculated and interpreted. In the four soil types, these parameters revealed, on the one hand, organic materials of terrigenous origin with some biological component, and showed, on the other hand, that these materials are in similar stages of humification with an important humic character. In all the soils investigated, 3D fluorescence crossed with PARAFAC chemometrics highlighted the absence of any protein component and revealed the prevalence of the fulvic acids fraction in the organic matter humic material.

19.
Lab Med ; 2022 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36036632

RESUMO

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection varies substantially among individuals. One of the factors influencing viral infection is genetic variability. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism is a genetic factor that has been correlated with different types of pathologies, including HIV-1. The MTHFR gene encodes the MTHFR enzyme, an essential factor in the folate metabolic pathway and in maintaining circulating folate and methionine at constant levels, thus preventing the homocysteine accumulation. Several studies have shown the role of folate on CD4+ T lymphocyte count among HIV-1 subjects. In this case-control study we aimed to determine the association between the MTHFR C677T polymorphism and HIV-1 infection susceptibility, AIDS development, and therapeutic outcome among Moroccans. The C677T polymorphism was genotyped by polymerase chain reaction followed by fragment length polymorphism digestion in 214 participants living with HIV-1 and 318 healthy controls. The results of the study revealed no statistically significant association between MTHFR C677T polymorphism and HIV-1 infection (P > .05). After dividing HIV-1 subjects according to their AIDS status, no significant difference was observed between C677T polymorphism and AIDS development (P > .05). Furthermore, regarding the treatment response outcome, as measured by HIV-1 RNA viral load and CD4+ T cell counts, no statistically significant association was found with MTHFR C677T polymorphism. We conclude that, in the genetic context of the Moroccan population, MTHFR C677T polymorphism does not affect HIV-1 infection susceptibility, AIDS development, or response to treatment. However, more studies should be done to investigate both genetic and nutritional aspects for more conclusive results.

20.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 885258, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36003978

RESUMO

Suicide amongst adolescents is a growing epidemic accounting for 6% of all adolescent deaths. Even though 79% of adolescent suicides occur in low- and middle-income countries, where suicide is the second leading cause of death, research is relatively lacking. As such, we aim to gain a greater understanding of suicide in said countries by assessing ideation and planning and associated factors in Morocco. Global Schools Health Survey data was analyzed. Approximately 14.4 and 12.9% reported ideation and planning respectively during the prior year in 2016, indicating a decrease from the reported rates of ideation of 16.0 and 17.0% and planning of 14.6 and 15.0% in 2006 and 2010 surveys respectively. Increased ideation was found to be positively associated with identifying as female and increasing age, whereas planning was positively associated with a lower educational level and living in a rural area. Both were positively associated with increased hunger frequency. Several factors increased the likelihood of ideation: bullying, feeling lonely, current cigarettes smoking, and current marijuana use. Studying factors associated with suicide is challenging, alternatively, factors affecting ideation and planning can be assessed. Sociocultural differences may impact trends in a specific region, though countries in said region may have comparable trends. The study adds to the limited data available in the region. Reverse causality and under-reporting could be the main limitations of this study. Interventions taking into account those results should be tested to decrease such a prevalence.

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