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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253084, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345551

RESUMO

Abstract Repeatedly frying process of dietary edible oil has a potential role in the generation of free radicals. Therefore, questions have always been raised as to whether, there is an efficient and economical method to reduce the harmful effects of repeated use of frying edible oil. Since hibiscus has been stated to have a wide variety of therapeutic effects, it was important to investigate its properties against harmful effects of free radicals. The current study aspires to find out whether irradiated powder of hibiscus has a protective role against adverse effects of repeated use of frying edible oil. Thirty-five adult male albino rats were equally assigned into five groups. First group"G1" was fed with normal diet as control group, meanwhile, group"G2" the diet mixed with fresh oil, "G3" diet mixed with repeatedly frying oil only, "G4" diet mixed with frying oil treated with hibiscus and "G5" diet mixed with frying oil treated with irradiated hibiscus. Feeding duration was six weeks. Fatty acid analyses of oil as well as peroxide values were determined. Blood and liver samples were collected for biochemical analyses as well as histological study. Repeatedly heated cooked oil has significant increases in peroxide value, acid value, free fatty acid and both conjugated diene and triene compared with repeatedly frying oil treated with hibiscus. Also there are significant increases in cholesterol and triglyceride and impaired in liver functions in "G3"compared with others. In addition, relative to the hibiscus groups, there is a substantial reduction in oxygen consumption in "G3". Both hibiscus as well as irradiated hibiscus attract attention in order to play a vital and economical role against harmful effects of frequent use of frying edible oil on some biological functions but, irradiated hibiscus was more effective.


Resumo O processo de fritura repetida de óleo comestível da dieta tem papel potencial na geração de radicais livres que podem ter efeitos prejudiciais em algumas funções biológicas. Portanto, sempre se questionou se existe uma maneira eficiente e econômica de prevenir ou pelo menos reduzir os efeitos nocivos do uso repetido de óleo comestível para fritar. Como o hibisco tem ampla variedade de efeitos terapêuticos, foi importante investigar suas propriedades como agente antioxidante contra os efeitos nocivos dos radicais livres. O presente estudo pretende descobrir se o pó irradiado de hibisco tem papel protetor contra os efeitos adversos do uso repetido de óleo comestível para fritar. Trinta e cinco ratos albinos machos adultos foram divididos igualmente em cinco grupos. O primeiro grupo "G1" foi alimentado com dieta normal como grupo controle, enquanto o grupo "G2" dieta misturada com óleo fresco, dieta "G3" misturada com óleo de fritura repetida, dieta "G4" misturada com óleo de fritura tratada com hibisco e dieta "G5" misturada com óleo de fritura tratada com hibisco irradiado. A duração da alimentação foi de seis semanas. Foram determinadas as análises de ácidos graxos de óleo, bem como os valores de peróxidos. Amostras de sangue e fígado foram coletadas para análises bioquímicas e estudo histológico. O óleo cozido repetidamente aquecido tem aumentos significativos no valor de peróxido, valor de ácido, ácido graxo livre e dieno e trieno conjugados em comparação com óleo de fritura repetidamente tratado com hibisco. Também há aumentos significativos no colesterol e triglicérides e comprometimento das funções hepáticas no "G3" em comparação com outros. Além disso, em relação aos grupos de hibiscos, há uma redução substancial no consumo de oxigênio no "G3". Tanto o hibisco como o hibisco irradiado chamam atenção por desempenhar papel vital e econômico contra os efeitos nocivos do uso frequente de óleo comestível para fritar em algumas funções biológicas, mas o hibisco irradiado foi mais eficaz.


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Hibiscus , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Colesterol , Culinária , Temperatura Alta
2.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 83: 1-11, 2023. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX, VETINDEX | ID: vti-765554

RESUMO

Hypoxia is a prominent feature of head and neck cancer. However, the oxygen element characteristics of proteins and how they adapt to hypoxia microenvironments of head and neck cancer are still unknown. Human genome sequences and proteins expressed data of head and neck cancer were retrieved from pathology atlas of Human Protein Atlas project. Then compared the oxygen and carbon element contents between proteomes of head and neck cancer and normal oral mucosa-squamous epithelial cells, genome locations, pathways, and functional dissection associated with head and neck cancer were also studied. A total of 902 differentially expressed proteins were observed where the average oxygen content is higher than that of the lowly expressed proteins in head and neck cancer proteins. Further, the average oxygen content of the up regulated proteins was 2.54% higher than other. None of their coding genes were distributed on the Y chromosome. The up regulated proteins were enriched in endocytosis, apoptosis and regulation of actin cytoskeleton. The increased oxygen contents of the highly expressed and the up regulated proteins might be caused by frequent activity of cytoskeleton and adapted to the rapid growth and fast division of the head and neck cancer cells. The oxygen usage bias and key proteins may help us to understand the mechanisms behind head and neck cancer in targeted therapy, which lays a foundation for the application of stoichioproteomics in targeted therapy and provides promise for potential treatments for head and neck cancer.(AU)


A hipóxia é uma característica proeminente do câncer de cabeça e pescoço. No entanto, as características do elemento oxigênio das proteínas e como elas se adaptam aos microambientes de hipóxia do câncer de cabeça e pescoço ainda são desconhecidas. Sequências do genoma humano e dados expressos de proteínas de câncer de cabeça e pescoço foram recuperados do atlas de patologia do projeto Human Protein Atlas. Em seguida, comparou o conteúdo do elemento de oxigênio e carbono entre proteomas de câncer de cabeça e pescoço, e células epiteliais escamosas da mucosa oral normal, localizações do genoma, vias e dissecção funcional associada ao câncer de cabeça e pescoço também foram estudadas. Um total de 902 proteínas expressas diferencialmente foi observado onde o conteúdo médio de oxigênio é maior do que as proteínas expressas de forma humilde em proteínas de câncer de cabeça e pescoço. Além disso, o conteúdo médio de oxigênio das proteínas reguladas positivamente foi 2,54% maior do que das outras. Nenhum de seus genes codificadores foi distribuído no cromossomo Y. As proteínas reguladas positivamente foram enriquecidas em endocitose, apoptose e regulação do citoesqueleto de actina. O conteúdo aumentado de oxigênio das proteínas altamente expressas e reguladas pode ser causado pela atividade frequente do citoesqueleto e adaptado ao rápido crescimento e divisão das células cancerosas de cabeça e pescoço. O viés do uso de oxigênio e as proteínas-chave podem nos ajudar a entender os mecanismos por trás do câncer de cabeça e pescoço na terapia direcionada, o que estabelece uma base para a aplicação da estequioproteômica na terapia direcionada e oferece uma promessa para potenciais tratamentos para o câncer de cabeça e pescoço.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Hipóxia
3.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 83: 1-9, 2023. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX, VETINDEX | ID: vti-765526

RESUMO

The present study was designed to investigate the effects of Gundelia tournefortii L. plant extract on different tissues in terms of DNA damage, biochemical and antioxidant parameter values in rats with high-calorie diets. With this aim, Wistar albino male rats were divided into 4 groups containing 6 rats each and the study was completed over 12 weeks duration. At the end of the implementation process over the 12 weeks, rats were sacrificed and blood and tissue samples were obtained. Analyses were performed on blood and tissue samples. According to results for DNA damage (8-OHdG), in brain tissue the OG2 group was significantly reduced compared to the NC group. For MDA results in liver tissue, OG1 and OG2 groups were determined to increase by a significant degree compared to the control group, while the OG2 group was also increased significantly compared to the obese group. In terms of the other parameters, comparison between the groups linked to consumption of a high calorie diet (HCD) and administration of Gundelia tournefortii L. in terms of antioxidant activities and serum samples obtained statistically significant results. Gundelia tournefortii L. plant extracts had effects that may be counted as positive on antioxidant parameter activity and were especially identified to improve DNA damage and MDA levels in brain tissues. Additionally, consumption of Gundelia tournefortii L. plant extract in the diet may have antiobesity effects; thus, it should be evaluated for use as an effective weight-loss method and as a new therapeutic agent targeting obesity.(AU)


O presente estudo foi desenhado para investigar os efeitos do extrato da planta Gundelia tournefortii L. em diferentes tecidos em termos de danos ao DNA, valores de parâmetros bioquímicos e antioxidantes em ratos com dietas hipercalóricas. Com esse objetivo, ratos Wistar albinos machos foram divididos em 4 grupos contendo 6 ratos cada e o estudo foi concluído ao longo de 12 semanas de duração. No final desse processo de implementação, os ratos foram sacrificados e amostras de sangue e tecido foram obtidas. As análises foram realizadas em amostras de sangue e tecido. De acordo com os resultados para danos ao DNA (8-OHdG), no tecido cerebral o grupo OG2 foi significativamente reduzido em comparação com o grupo NC. Para os resultados de MDA no tecido hepático, os grupos OG1 e OG2 aumentaram significativamente em comparação ao grupo controle, enquanto o grupo OG2 também aumentou significativamente em comparação ao grupo obeso. Quanto aos demais parâmetros, a comparação entre os grupos ligados ao consumo de dieta hipercalórica (DC) e à administração de Gundelia tournefortii L. em termos de atividades antioxidantes e amostras de soro obteve resultados estatisticamente significativos. Os extratos de plantas de Gundelia tournefortii L. tiveram efeitos que podem ser considerados positivos na atividade dos parâmetros antioxidantes e foram especialmente identificados para melhorar os danos ao DNA e os níveis de MDA nos tecidos cerebrais. Além disso, o consumo de extrato vegetal de Gundelia tournefortii L. na dieta pode ter efeitos antiobesidade; portanto, deve ser avaliado para uso como um método eficaz de perda de peso e como um novo agente terapêutico voltado para a obesidade.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Asteraceae/química , Ratos Wistar/anatomia & histologia , Ratos Wistar/sangue , Ratos Wistar/genética , Antioxidantes/análise , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Camundongos Obesos
4.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 83: 1-11, 2023. graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX, VETINDEX | ID: vti-765487

RESUMO

Dipteryx alata Vogel is a tree species widely found in Cerrado, settling preferentially in well drained soils. Studies related to ecophysiology of D. alata may contribute to the decision making about using seedlings of this species in projects aimed at the recovery of degraded areas where seasonal flooding happens. This study aimed to assess the effects of flooding on photosynthetic and antioxidant metabolism and quality of D. alata seedlings cultivated or not under flooding during four assessment periods (0, 20, 40, and 60 days), followed by 100 days after the end of each assessment period (0+100, 20+100, 40+100, and 60+100 days), allowing verifying the potential for post-flooding recovery. Flooded plants showed lower photosynthetic efficiency than non-flooded plants, regardless of the periods of exposure. However, this efficiency was recovered in the post-flooding, with values similar to that of the non-flooded seedlings. Moreover, the damage to FV/FM was evidenced by an increase in the period of exposure to flooding, but recovery was also observed at this stage of the photosynthetic metabolism. Seedling quality decreased under flooding, not varying between periods of exposure, but remained lower although the increase observed in the post-flooding period, with no recovery after flooding. The occurrence of hypertrophied lenticels associated with physiological changes and an efficient antioxidant enzyme system might have contributed to the survival and recovery of these seedlings. Thus, this species is sensitive to flooding stress but capable of adjusting and recovering metabolic characteristics at 100 days after the suspension of the water stress, but with no recovery in seedling quality. Thus, we suggested plasticity under the cultivation condition and determined that the time of 100 days is not enough for the complete resumption of growth.(AU)


Dipteryx alata Vogel é uma arbórea de ampla ocorrência no Cerrado, se estabelecendo preferencialmente em solos bem drenados. Estudos referentes à ecofisiologia de D. alata em podem contribuir para a tomada de decisão sobre o uso de mudas dessa espécie em programas de recuperação de áreas degradadas sujeitas a alagamento temporário. Objetivamos com essa pesquisa avaliar os efeitos do alagamento no metabolismo fotossintético e antioxidante, além da qualidade de mudas dessa espécie, cultivadas ou não sob alagamento durante quatro períodos de avaliação (0, 20, 40 e 60 dias) seguidos de 100 dias após o término de cada período (0+100, 20+100, 40+100, 60+100 dias), possibilitando verificar o potencial de recuperação pós-alagamento. Observamos que as plantas alagadas apresentaram menor eficiência fotossintética e danos em FV/FM entretanto houve recuperação dessas características no pós alagamento. A qualidade das mudas reduziu sob alagamento não variando entre os períodos de exposição e embora tenha aumentado no pós-alagamento manteve-se menor não se recuperando. A ocorrência de lenticelas hipertrofiadas associadas a alterações fisiológicas e um eficiente sistema enzimático antioxidante devem ter contribuído para a sobrevivência e recuperação metabólica dessas mudas. Diante disso, sugerimos que a espécie é sensível ao estresse por alagamento, mas capaz de se ajustar e recuperar as características metabólicas 100 dias após a suspensão deste estresse hídrico, no entanto a qualidade da mudas não apresentou recuperação, assim, sugerimos plasticidade diante da condição de cultivo e ressaltamos que o tempo de 100 dias não é suficiente para a completa retomada do crescimento.(AU)


Assuntos
Dipteryx/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Dipteryx/metabolismo , Dipteryx/fisiologia
5.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 83: 1-15, 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX, VETINDEX | ID: vti-765481

RESUMO

Background: The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals. Aim: The study examined the expression of Neuroglobin (Ngb) and Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (Hif-1α) in adult and young yak brain tissues, and provided researchers with meaningful insight into the anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of this mammal. Method: The study employed immunohistochemistry (IHC), quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), and Western blot (WB) to obtain the results. Results: Ngb and Hif-1α were significantly (P<0.05) expressed in the cerebellar cortex, piriform lobe, medulla, and corpus callosum of the adult yak while in the young yak brain tissues, the protein expressions were significantly found in the white matter of the cerebellum, pineal gland, corpus callosum, and cerebellar cortex. The Ngb and Hif-1α expression showed similarities and differences. This may have resulted from similar animal species, source of nutrition, age factors, brain size, emotional activities, and communication. The findings documented that Ngb and Hif-1α are commonly expressed in various adult and young yak brain tissues. Multiple roles in the brain tissues of the adult and young yaks are involved in the expression and distribution and are proposed to play a significant role in the adaptation of the yak to the high altitude environment. Conclusion: This study provides meaningful data to understand the adaptive mechanism to hypoxia and recommended researchers to expand on the adaptive mechanism and brain tissues that are not recorded.(AU)


Contexto: O cérebro é um órgão que funciona como o centro do sistema nervoso em todos os animais vertebrados e na maioria dos invertebrados. Objetivo: O estudo examinou a expressão de neuroglobina (Ngb) e fator-1α indutível por hipóxia (Hif-1α) em tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens e forneceu aos pesquisadores uma visão significativa da anatomia, fisiologia e bioquímica desse mamífero. Método: O estudo utilizou imuno-histoquímica (IHC), PCR quantitativo em tempo real (qRT-PCR) e western blot (WB) para a obtenção dos resultados. Resultados: Ngb e Hif-1α foram significativamente (P < 0,05) expressos no córtex cerebelar, lobo piriforme, medula e corpo caloso do iaque adulto, enquanto nos tecidos cerebrais do iaque jovem as expressões proteicas foram encontradas significativamente na substância branca do cerebelo, glândula pineal, corpo caloso e córtex cerebelar. A expressão de Ngb e Hif-1α apresentou semelhanças e diferenças. Isso pode ter resultado de espécies animais semelhantes, fonte de nutrição, fatores de idade, tamanho do cérebro, atividades emocionais e comunicação. Os resultados documentaram que o Ngb e o Hif-1α são comumente expressos em vários tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens. Múltiplos papéis nos tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens estão envolvidos na expressão e distribuição e são propostos para desempenhar um papel significativo na adaptação do iaque ao ambiente de alta altitude. Conclusão: Este estudo fornece dados significativos para compreender o mecanismo adaptativo à hipóxia e recomendou que os pesquisadores expandissem o mecanismo adaptativo e os tecidos cerebrais que não foram registrados.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Bovinos , Bovinos , Cérebro/anatomia & histologia , Cérebro/fisiologia , Fenômenos Bioquímicos , Neuroglobina/análise , Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/análise
6.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245330, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339394

RESUMO

Abstract Background The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals. Aim The study examined the expression of Neuroglobin (Ngb) and Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (Hif-1α) in adult and young yak brain tissues, and provided researchers with meaningful insight into the anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of this mammal. Method The study employed immunohistochemistry (IHC), quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), and Western blot (WB) to obtain the results. Results Ngb and Hif-1α were significantly (P<0.05) expressed in the cerebellar cortex, piriform lobe, medulla, and corpus callosum of the adult yak while in the young yak brain tissues, the protein expressions were significantly found in the white matter of the cerebellum, pineal gland, corpus callosum, and cerebellar cortex. The Ngb and Hif-1α expression showed similarities and differences. This may have resulted from similar animal species, source of nutrition, age factors, brain size, emotional activities, and communication. The findings documented that Ngb and Hif-1α are commonly expressed in various adult and young yak brain tissues. Multiple roles in the brain tissues of the adult and young yaks are involved in the expression and distribution and are proposed to play a significant role in the adaptation of the yak to the high altitude environment. Conclusion This study provides meaningful data to understand the adaptive mechanism to hypoxia and recommended researchers to expand on the adaptive mechanism and brain tissues that are not recorded.


Resumo Contexto O cérebro é um órgão que funciona como o centro do sistema nervoso em todos os animais vertebrados e na maioria dos invertebrados. Objetivo O estudo examinou a expressão de neuroglobina (Ngb) e fator-1α indutível por hipóxia (Hif-1α) em tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens e forneceu aos pesquisadores uma visão significativa da anatomia, fisiologia e bioquímica desse mamífero. Método O estudo utilizou imuno-histoquímica (IHC), PCR quantitativo em tempo real (qRT-PCR) e western blot (WB) para a obtenção dos resultados. Resultados Ngb e Hif-1α foram significativamente (P < 0,05) expressos no córtex cerebelar, lobo piriforme, medula e corpo caloso do iaque adulto, enquanto nos tecidos cerebrais do iaque jovem as expressões proteicas foram encontradas significativamente na substância branca do cerebelo, glândula pineal, corpo caloso e córtex cerebelar. A expressão de Ngb e Hif-1α apresentou semelhanças e diferenças. Isso pode ter resultado de espécies animais semelhantes, fonte de nutrição, fatores de idade, tamanho do cérebro, atividades emocionais e comunicação. Os resultados documentaram que o Ngb e o Hif-1α são comumente expressos em vários tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens. Múltiplos papéis nos tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens estão envolvidos na expressão e distribuição e são propostos para desempenhar um papel significativo na adaptação do iaque ao ambiente de alta altitude. Conclusão Este estudo fornece dados significativos para compreender o mecanismo adaptativo à hipóxia e recomendou que os pesquisadores expandissem o mecanismo adaptativo e os tecidos cerebrais que não foram registrados.


Assuntos
Animais , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Hipóxia , Encéfalo , RNA Mensageiro , Bovinos , Neuroglobina
7.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e251198, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339350

RESUMO

Abstract The present study was designed to investigate the effects of Gundelia tournefortii L. plant extract on different tissues in terms of DNA damage, biochemical and antioxidant parameter values in rats with high-calorie diets. With this aim, Wistar albino male rats were divided into 4 groups containing 6 rats each and the study was completed over 12 weeks duration. At the end of the implementation process over the 12 weeks, rats were sacrificed and blood and tissue samples were obtained. Analyses were performed on blood and tissue samples. According to results for DNA damage (8-OHdG), in brain tissue the OG2 group was significantly reduced compared to the NC group. For MDA results in liver tissue, OG1 and OG2 groups were determined to increase by a significant degree compared to the control group, while the OG2 group was also increased significantly compared to the obese group. In terms of the other parameters, comparison between the groups linked to consumption of a high calorie diet (HCD) and administration of Gundelia tournefortii L. in terms of antioxidant activities and serum samples obtained statistically significant results. Gundelia tournefortii L. plant extracts had effects that may be counted as positive on antioxidant parameter activity and were especially identified to improve DNA damage and MDA levels in brain tissues. Additionally, consumption of Gundelia tournefortii L. plant extract in the diet may have antiobesity effects; thus, it should be evaluated for use as an effective weight-loss method and as a new therapeutic agent targeting obesity.


Resumo O presente estudo foi desenhado para investigar os efeitos do extrato da planta Gundelia tournefortii L. em diferentes tecidos em termos de danos ao DNA, valores de parâmetros bioquímicos e antioxidantes em ratos com dietas hipercalóricas. Com esse objetivo, ratos Wistar albinos machos foram divididos em 4 grupos contendo 6 ratos cada e o estudo foi concluído ao longo de 12 semanas de duração. No final desse processo de implementação, os ratos foram sacrificados e amostras de sangue e tecido foram obtidas. As análises foram realizadas em amostras de sangue e tecido. De acordo com os resultados para danos ao DNA (8-OHdG), no tecido cerebral o grupo OG2 foi significativamente reduzido em comparação com o grupo NC. Para os resultados de MDA no tecido hepático, os grupos OG1 e OG2 aumentaram significativamente em comparação ao grupo controle, enquanto o grupo OG2 também aumentou significativamente em comparação ao grupo obeso. Quanto aos demais parâmetros, a comparação entre os grupos ligados ao consumo de dieta hipercalórica (DC) e à administração de Gundelia tournefortii L. em termos de atividades antioxidantes e amostras de soro obteve resultados estatisticamente significativos. Os extratos de plantas de Gundelia tournefortii L. tiveram efeitos que podem ser considerados positivos na atividade dos parâmetros antioxidantes e foram especialmente identificados para melhorar os danos ao DNA e os níveis de MDA nos tecidos cerebrais. Além disso, o consumo de extrato vegetal de Gundelia tournefortii L. na dieta pode ter efeitos antiobesidade; portanto, deve ser avaliado para uso como um método eficaz de perda de peso e como um novo agente terapêutico voltado para a obesidade.


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Asteraceae , Antioxidantes , Dano ao DNA , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ratos Wistar , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico
8.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 115-126, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35475030

RESUMO

Nanoparticle-based therapeutics represent potential strategies for treating atherosclerosis; however, the complex plaque microenvironment poses a barrier for nanoparticles to target the dysfunctional cells. Here, we report reactive oxygen species (ROS)-responsive and size-reducible nanoassemblies, formed by multivalent host-guest interactions between ß-cyclodextrins (ß-CD)-anchored discoidal recombinant high-density lipoprotein (NP3 ST) and hyaluronic acid-ferrocene (HA-Fc) conjugates. The HA-Fc/NP3 ST nanoassemblies have extended blood circulation time, specifically accumulate in atherosclerotic plaque mediated by the HA receptors CD44 highly expressed in injured endothelium, rapidly disassemble in response to excess ROS in the intimal and release smaller NP3 ST, allowing for further plaque penetration, macrophage-targeted cholesterol efflux and drug delivery. In vivo pharmacodynamicses in atherosclerotic mice shows that HA-Fc/NP3 ST reduces plaque size by 53%, plaque lipid deposition by 63%, plaque macrophage content by 62% and local inflammatory factor level by 64% compared to the saline group. Meanwhile, HA-Fc/NP3 ST alleviates systemic inflammation characterized by reduced serum inflammatory factor levels. Collectively, HA-Fc/NP3 ST nanoassemblies with ROS-responsive and size-reducible properties exhibit a deeper penetration in atherosclerotic plaque and enhanced macrophage targeting ability, thus exerting effective cholesterol efflux and drug delivery for atherosclerosis therapy.

9.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 666-677, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35600979

RESUMO

An increased level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) plays a major role in endothelial dysfunction and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation during in-stent thrombosis and restenosis after coronary artery stenting. Herein, we report an electrospun core-shell nanofiber coloaded with 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine 1-oxyl (TEMPOL) and rapamycin (RAPA) that correspondingly serves as an ROS scavenger and VSMC inhibitor. This system has the potential to improve the biocompatibility of current drug-eluting stent (DES) coatings with the long-term and continuous release of TEMPOL and rapamycin. Moreover, the RAPA/TEMPOL-loaded membrane selectively inhibited the proliferation of VSMCs while sparing endothelial cells (ECs). This membrane demonstrated superior ROS-scavenging, anti-inflammatory and antithrombogenic effects in ECs. In addition, the membrane could maintain the contractile phenotype and mitigate platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB)-induced proliferation of VSMCs. In vivo results further revealed that the RAPA/TEMPOL-loaded covered stents promoted rapid restoration of vascular endothelium compared with DES and persistently impeded inflammation and neointimal hyperplasia in porcine models.

10.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e249424, 2023. graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345538

RESUMO

Abstract Hypoxia is a prominent feature of head and neck cancer. However, the oxygen element characteristics of proteins and how they adapt to hypoxia microenvironments of head and neck cancer are still unknown. Human genome sequences and proteins expressed data of head and neck cancer were retrieved from pathology atlas of Human Protein Atlas project. Then compared the oxygen and carbon element contents between proteomes of head and neck cancer and normal oral mucosa-squamous epithelial cells, genome locations, pathways, and functional dissection associated with head and neck cancer were also studied. A total of 902 differentially expressed proteins were observed where the average oxygen content is higher than that of the lowly expressed proteins in head and neck cancer proteins. Further, the average oxygen content of the up regulated proteins was 2.54% higher than other. None of their coding genes were distributed on the Y chromosome. The up regulated proteins were enriched in endocytosis, apoptosis and regulation of actin cytoskeleton. The increased oxygen contents of the highly expressed and the up regulated proteins might be caused by frequent activity of cytoskeleton and adapted to the rapid growth and fast division of the head and neck cancer cells. The oxygen usage bias and key proteins may help us to understand the mechanisms behind head and neck cancer in targeted therapy, which lays a foundation for the application of stoichioproteomics in targeted therapy and provides promise for potential treatments for head and neck cancer.


Resumo A hipóxia é uma característica proeminente do câncer de cabeça e pescoço. No entanto, as características do elemento oxigênio das proteínas e como elas se adaptam aos microambientes de hipóxia do câncer de cabeça e pescoço ainda são desconhecidas. Sequências do genoma humano e dados expressos de proteínas de câncer de cabeça e pescoço foram recuperados do atlas de patologia do projeto Human Protein Atlas. Em seguida, comparou o conteúdo do elemento de oxigênio e carbono entre proteomas de câncer de cabeça e pescoço, e células epiteliais escamosas da mucosa oral normal, localizações do genoma, vias e dissecção funcional associada ao câncer de cabeça e pescoço também foram estudadas. Um total de 902 proteínas expressas diferencialmente foi observado onde o conteúdo médio de oxigênio é maior do que as proteínas expressas de forma humilde em proteínas de câncer de cabeça e pescoço. Além disso, o conteúdo médio de oxigênio das proteínas reguladas positivamente foi 2,54% maior do que das outras. Nenhum de seus genes codificadores foi distribuído no cromossomo Y. As proteínas reguladas positivamente foram enriquecidas em endocitose, apoptose e regulação do citoesqueleto de actina. O conteúdo aumentado de oxigênio das proteínas altamente expressas e reguladas pode ser causado pela atividade frequente do citoesqueleto e adaptado ao rápido crescimento e divisão das células cancerosas de cabeça e pescoço. O viés do uso de oxigênio e as proteínas-chave podem nos ajudar a entender os mecanismos por trás do câncer de cabeça e pescoço na terapia direcionada, o que estabelece uma base para a aplicação da estequioproteômica na terapia direcionada e oferece uma promessa para potenciais tratamentos para o câncer de cabeça e pescoço.


Assuntos
Humanos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Oxigênio , Carbono , Proteoma/genética , Microambiente Tumoral
11.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246451, 2023. graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339402

RESUMO

Abstract Dipteryx alata Vogel is a tree species widely found in Cerrado, settling preferentially in well drained soils. Studies related to ecophysiology of D. alata may contribute to the decision making about using seedlings of this species in projects aimed at the recovery of degraded areas where seasonal flooding happens. This study aimed to assess the effects of flooding on photosynthetic and antioxidant metabolism and quality of D. alata seedlings cultivated or not under flooding during four assessment periods (0, 20, 40, and 60 days), followed by 100 days after the end of each assessment period (0+100, 20+100, 40+100, and 60+100 days), allowing verifying the potential for post-flooding recovery. Flooded plants showed lower photosynthetic efficiency than non-flooded plants, regardless of the periods of exposure. However, this efficiency was recovered in the post-flooding, with values similar to that of the non-flooded seedlings. Moreover, the damage to FV/FM was evidenced by an increase in the period of exposure to flooding, but recovery was also observed at this stage of the photosynthetic metabolism. Seedling quality decreased under flooding, not varying between periods of exposure, but remained lower although the increase observed in the post-flooding period, with no recovery after flooding. The occurrence of hypertrophied lenticels associated with physiological changes and an efficient antioxidant enzyme system might have contributed to the survival and recovery of these seedlings. Thus, this species is sensitive to flooding stress but capable of adjusting and recovering metabolic characteristics at 100 days after the suspension of the water stress, but with no recovery in seedling quality. Thus, we suggested plasticity under the cultivation condition and determined that the time of 100 days is not enough for the complete resumption of growth.


Resumo Dipteryx alata Vogel é uma arbórea de ampla ocorrência no Cerrado, se estabelecendo preferencialmente em solos bem drenados. Estudos referentes à ecofisiologia de D. alata em podem contribuir para a tomada de decisão sobre o uso de mudas dessa espécie em programas de recuperação de áreas degradadas sujeitas a alagamento temporário. Objetivamos com essa pesquisa avaliar os efeitos do alagamento no metabolismo fotossintético e antioxidante, além da qualidade de mudas dessa espécie, cultivadas ou não sob alagamento durante quatro períodos de avaliação (0, 20, 40 e 60 dias) seguidos de 100 dias após o término de cada período (0+100, 20+100, 40+100, 60+100 dias), possibilitando verificar o potencial de recuperação pós-alagamento. Observamos que as plantas alagadas apresentaram menor eficiência fotossintética e danos em FV/FM entretanto houve recuperação dessas características no pós alagamento. A qualidade das mudas reduziu sob alagamento não variando entre os períodos de exposição e embora tenha aumentado no pós-alagamento manteve-se menor não se recuperando. A ocorrência de lenticelas hipertrofiadas associadas a alterações fisiológicas e um eficiente sistema enzimático antioxidante devem ter contribuído para a sobrevivência e recuperação metabólica dessas mudas. Diante disso, sugerimos que a espécie é sensível ao estresse por alagamento, mas capaz de se ajustar e recuperar as características metabólicas 100 dias após a suspensão deste estresse hídrico, no entanto a qualidade da mudas não apresentou recuperação, assim, sugerimos plasticidade diante da condição de cultivo e ressaltamos que o tempo de 100 dias não é suficiente para a completa retomada do crescimento.


Assuntos
Plântula , Dipteryx , Fotossíntese , Inundações , Antioxidantes
12.
Inflamm Bowel Dis ; 28(4): 639-648, 2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34871402

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC), an etiologically complicated and relapsing gastrointestinal disease, is characterized by the damage of mucosal epithelium and destruction of the intestinal homeostasis, which has caused a huge social and economic burden on the health system all over the world. Its pathogenesis is multifactorial, including environmental factors, genetic susceptibility, epithelial barrier defect, symbiotic flora imbalance, and dysregulated immune response. Thus far, although immune cells have become the focus of most research, it is increasingly clear that intestinal epithelial cells play an important role in the pathogenesis and progression of UC. Notably, apoptosis is a vital catabolic process in cells, which is crucial to maintain the stability of intestinal environment and regulate intestinal ecology. In this review, the mechanism of apoptosis induced by reactive oxygen species and endoplasmic reticulum stress, as well as excessive apoptosis in intestinal epithelial dysfunction and gut microbiology imbalance are systematically and comprehensively summarized. Further understanding the role of apoptosis in the pathogenesis of UC may provide a novel strategy for its therapy in clinical practices and the development of new drugs.


Recently, the prevalence of ulcerative colitis (UC) has increased, but the pathogenesis of UC remains poorly understood. A better understanding of the role of apoptosis in the pathogenesis of UC may provide a promising prospect for UC treatment.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Apoptose , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Homeostase , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
13.
Artif Organs ; 46(4): 597-605, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951495

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: M101 is an extracellular hemoglobin isolated from a marine lugworm and is present in the medical device HEMO2 life®. The clinical investigation OXYOP was a paired kidney analysis (n = 60) designed to evaluate the safety and performance of HEMO2 life® used as an additive to preservation solution in renal transplantation. The secondary efficacy endpoints showed less delayed graft function (DGF) and better renal function in the HEMO2 life® group but due to the study design cold ischemia time (CIT) was longer in the contralateral kidneys. METHODS: An additional analysis was conducted including OXYOP patients and patients from the ASTRE database (n = 6584) to verify that the decrease in DGF rates observed in the HEMO2 life® group may not be due solely to the shorter CIT but also to HEMO2 life® performance. Kaplan-Meier estimate curves of cumulative probability of achieving a creatinine level below 250 µmol/L were generated and compared in both groups. A Cox model was used to test the effect of the explanatory variables (use of HEMO2 life® and CIT). Finally, a bootstrap strategy was used to randomly select smaller samples of patients and test them for statistical comparison in the ASTRE database. RESULTS: Kaplan-Meier estimate curves confirmed the existence of a relation between DGF and CIT and Cox analysis showed a benefit in the HEMO2 life® group regardless of the associated CIT. Boostrap analysis confirmed these results. CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggested that the better recovery of renal function observed among kidneys preserved with HEMO2 life® in the OXYOP study is a therapeutic benefit of this breakthrough innovative medical device.


Assuntos
Isquemia Fria , Transplante de Rim , Isquemia Fria/efeitos adversos , Isquemia Fria/métodos , Função Retardada do Enxerto , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Hemoglobinas , Humanos , Rim/fisiologia , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Rim/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
14.
Cell Biol Int ; 46(4): 660-670, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35066972

RESUMO

The predominance of cardiovascular diseases among men compared to premenopausal women has been attributed to testosterone, which is implicated in vascular remodeling. Molecular mechanisms underlying its role have not been clarified but oxidative stress-induced inflammation may be important. We therefore investigated in vitro the effects of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone, (a nonaromatized androgen), on redox homeostasis in absence (basal conditions) and after corticotropin-releasing hormone-induced pro-oxidant action in macroendothelial cells. More specifically, we explored their role on well-established antioxidant enzymes activity, namely endothelial nitric oxide synthase, superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione. We observed that both androgens significantly increased the intracellular reactive oxygen species levels, endothelial nitric oxide synthase activity, nitric oxide concentration as well as superoxide dismutase activity and decreased catalase activity. These effects of Testosterone and DHT were reversed in the presence of the androgen receptor antagonist, flutamide. Moreover, testosterone and dihydrotestosterone similarly enhanced the stimulatory effect of corticotropin-releasing hormone on intracellular reactive oxygen species levels and superoxide dismutase activity but did not influence the inhibitory effect on endothelial nitric oxide synthase activity, nitric oxide release and catalase activity. Finally, androgens did not have a detectable effect on glutathione levels or the glutathione/glutathione plus glutathione disulfide ratio. Our results reveal that testosterone and DHT rise the intracellular redox threshold of the endothelial cell and increases NO synthesis. These findings suggest that the action of testosterone is affected by the redox status of the endothelium and help to explain its controversial effects on the cardiovascular system.


Assuntos
Di-Hidrotestosterona , Testosterona , Di-Hidrotestosterona/farmacologia , Endotélio , Endotélio Vascular , Feminino , Homeostase , Humanos , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico , Oxirredução , Testosterona/farmacologia
15.
Food Chem X ; 13: 100233, 2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35498987

RESUMO

Bacterial exopolysaccharides are high molecular weight polysaccharides that are secreted by a wide range of bacteria, with diverse structures and easy preparation. Fucose, fucose-containing oligosaccharides (FCOs), and fucose-containing polysaccharides (FCPs) have important applications in the food and medicine fields, including applications in products for removing Helicobacter pylori and infant formula powder. Fucose-containing bacterial exopolysaccharide (FcEPS) is a prospective source of fucose, FCOs, and FCPs. This review systematically summarizes the common sources and applications of FCPs and FCOs and the bacterial strains capable of producing FcEPS reported in recent years. The repeated-unit structures, synthesis pathways, and factors affecting the production of FcEPS are reviewed, as well as the degradation methods of FcEPS for preparing FCOs. Finally, the bioactivities of FcEPS, including anti-oxidant, prebiotic, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, and anti-microbial activities, are discussed and may serve as a reference strategy for further applications of FcEPS in the functional food and medicine industries.

16.
FASEB J ; 36 Suppl 12022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35554216

RESUMO

Peroxiredoxin-4 (PRDX4), an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-localized antioxidant enzyme, plays an essential role in cellular redox homeostasis by reducing hydrogen peroxide from thiol-containing compounds. The dopamine D5 Receptor (D5R) also plays a protective role against oxidative stress. We hypothesize that D5 R interacts with the PRDX4 to reduce oxidative stress in the kidney. In D5 R-HEK 293 cells, fenoldopam (FEN, 25 nM/12 hr, n=4), a D1 R and D5 R receptor agonist, increased PRDX4 protein expression (1.92±0.12-fold over basal level, n=4), mainly in non-lipid raft (LR) fractions (LRs: 24.9±11.4%, non-LRs: 75.1±11.4%, baseline; LRs: 30.9±13.9%, non-LRs: 174.1±16.7%, FEN). By contrast, fenoldopam did not affect PRDX4 protein expression in D1 R-HEK 293 cells, indicating a D5 R-specific effect on PRDX4 protein expression. In human renal proximal tubule cells (hRPTCs) and D5 R HEK293 cells, fenoldopam increased the co-immunoprecipitation between PRDX4 and D5 R and their co-localization in the ER. SiRNA-mediated silencing of PRDX4 increased hydrogen peroxide production in both the vehicle (Veh)- and fenoldopam-treated hRPTCs [(scrambled siRNA: 100 ±15.1% and 55.2± 7.2% with Veh and FEN, respectively; PRDX4 siRNA: 161.8±15.3% and 145.1±14.6 % with Veh and FEN, respectively, n=4)]. The D5 R protects against inflammation and siRNA silencing of PRDX4 increased the production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines, interleukin-1ß [26.88±3.8 and 46.40±4.2 pg/mL (n=3, D5 R-HEK 293); 15.87±1.2 and 37.9±1.4 pg/mL (n=3, hRPTCs), and tumor necrosis factors [131.7±6.5 and 271.2±18.1 pg/mL (n=4, D5 R-HEK 293); 108.8±11.8 and 240.1±13.7 pg/mL (n=4, hRPTCs)]. In D5 R-HEK293 and hRPTCs, the fenoldopam-mediated decrease in ER-resident caspase-12 was also impaired by gene silencing of PRDX4. Furthermore, PRDX4 protein expression was reduced in the kidney cortices of Drd5-/- mice, relative to Drd5 WT mice (WT: 1.00±0.12, n=4; Drd5-/- : 0.64±0.13, n=4; P<0.05). We conclude that D5 R positively interacts with PRDX4 to reduce ER stress in the kidney.

17.
Sleep ; 45(5)2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35554582

RESUMO

Recent electron microscopic analyses of neurons in the Drosophila and rodent brain demonstrate that acute or chronic sleep loss can alter the structures of various organelles, including mitochondria, nucleus, and Golgi apparatus. Here, we discuss these findings in the context of biochemical findings from the sleep deprived brain, to clarify how these morphological changes may related to altered organelle function. We discuss how, taken together, the available data suggest that sleep loss (particularly chronic sleep loss) disrupts such fundamental cellular processes as transcription, translation, intracellular transport, and metabolism. A better understanding of these effects will have broad implications for understanding the biological importance of sleep, and the relationship of sleep loss to neuropathology.

18.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 807436, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35557543

RESUMO

Background: Little is known regarding the quantification of sleep apnea- and hypoxemia-elicited heart rate (HR) response and its prognostic significance of the cardiovascular risk. We sought to explore the impact of HR response and variability specific to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on the occurrence of a common cardiovascular event - acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods: Consecutive patients with suspected OSA were enrolled and underwent nocturnal respiratory study and electrocardiography monitoring. The minimal oxygen saturation (minSpO2) was determined from the oxygen saturation curve under a subject-specific search window. Primary HR metrics such as maximal HR in response to minSpO2 and respiratory event-specific HR variability were computed from the synchronized recordings. Multivariate regression analyses were conducted to analyze the associations between individualized HR metrics and the occurrence of AMI. Results: Of 2,748 patients recruited, 39% (n = 1,071) had moderate-to-severe OSA (respiratory event index, REI ≥ 15), and 11.4% (n = 313) patients had AMI. Patients with AMI experienced severe OSA, severe minSpO2, and greater HR reactions. Patients with minSpO2 <90% had an adjusted odds ratio (OR) of 1.48 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.09-2.00, p = 0.012) for AMI. Notably, minSpO2-induced elevated mean HR response (HRmean > 73 bpm) was significantly associated with AMI (OR 1.72, 95% CI: 1.32-2.23, p < 0.001). Patients with both severe minSpO2 (<90%) and elevated HRmean carried an additive OR of 2.65 (95% CI: 1.74-4.05, p < 0.001) for the risk of AMI after adjustment for potential confounders. A large total power spectrum specific to respiratory events was correlated with an adjusted OR of 0.61 for AMI risk. Conclusion: Patients with substantial HR reactions to OSA-induced oxygen nadir and restricted cardiac cycle shifting to respiratory events were likely at increased risk of developing AMI. Detection of nocturnal HR response to hypoxemia may help improve cardiovascular risk stratification.

19.
J Gastrointest Oncol ; 13(2): 683-694, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35557570

RESUMO

Background: The association between colorectal cancer (CRC) and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) has been attracting increasing attention. several studies had confirmed that OSA increases the risk of CRC onset. However, the findings of studies on the morbidity of OSA in patients with CRC were unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the morbidity of OSA in patients with CRC as well as the association between the clinicopathological characteristics of OSA and CRC. Methods: A total of 414 patients with a pathological diagnosis of CRC from 1 January, 2020 to 30 December, 2020 were included in this study. Demographic characteristics, clinical information, and tumor characteristics of participants were collected; sleep was monitored using a wearable oximeter and via sleep quality questionnaire. The oxygen desaturation index (ODI) was used to classify OSA severity so that the diagnostic criteria for OSA were set based on the ODI as 0-5 (normal) and ≥5 (abnormal). After correcting for confounding factors, a logistic regression analysis was performed to calculate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for the factors affecting the tumor lymph node stage (N stage). Results: A total of 402 patients with CRC were included in this study, including 225 (55.97%) men and 177 (44.03%) women. The mean ODI value of participants was 3.40±8.17. The morbidity of OSA among the patients with CRC having ODI ≥5 was 16.17%. A comparison between the normal and abnormal ODI value groups revealed that the high proportion of abnormal ODI was related to higher N stage (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis revealed a correlation of ODI values and age to the N stage. Specifically, CRC patients with an abnormal ODI had a higher risk of lymph node metastasis compared to those with normal ODI (OR =1.915, 95% CI: 1.025 to 3.579). Moreover, patients with CRC aged ≥65 years had a higher risk of lymph node metastasis compared to those aged <65 years (OR =2.190, 95% CI: 1.163 to 4.125). Conclusions: CRC patients with abnormal ODI are susceptible to OSA. Additionally, abnormal ODI and age ≥65 years are relevant factors for the N2 stage.

20.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 10: 878395, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35557943

RESUMO

Recent studies from Slc4a11 -/- mice have identified glutamine-induced mitochondrial dysfunction as a significant contributor toward oxidative stress, impaired lysosomal function, aberrant autophagy, and cell death in this Congenital Hereditary Endothelial Dystrophy (CHED) model. Because lysosomes are derived from endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Golgi, we asked whether ER function is affected by mitochondrial ROS in Slc4a11 KO corneal endothelial cells. In mouse Slc4a11 -/- corneal endothelial tissue, we observed the presence of dilated ER and elevated expression of ER stress markers BIP and CHOP. Slc4a11 KO mouse corneal endothelial cells incubated with glutamine showed increased aggresome formation, BIP and GADD153, as well as reduced ER Ca2+ release as compared to WT. Induction of mitoROS by ETC inhibition also led to ER stress in WT cells. Treatment with the mitochondrial ROS quencher MitoQ, restored ER Ca2+ release and relieved ER stress markers in Slc4a11 KO cells in vitro. Systemic MitoQ also reduced BIP expression in Slc4a11 KO endothelium. We conclude that mitochondrial ROS can induce ER stress in corneal endothelial cells.

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