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1.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(4): 215, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38489063

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical efficacy in terms of mean root coverage in RT2 recession treated with a coronally advanced flap combined with a xenogeneic collagen matrix versus a connective tissue graft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 20 patients were randomized to receive one of two treatments: coronally advanced flap + xenogeneic collagen matrix (test group) and coronally advanced flap + connective tissue graft (control group). Patient-related outcomes measures and professional aesthetic assessment by root esthetic score were performed. A descriptive and analytical statistical analysis of the variables was performed. RESULTS: At 12 months, the mean root coverage was 56.48% in the test group and 69.72% in the control group (p = 0.048), with a 35% and 40% complete root coverage in the xenogeneic collagen matrix and connective tissue graft, respectively. Test group presented less pain (3.65 vs. 5.2 VAS units) (p = 0.015) and less surgical time (45 vs. 49.15 min) (p = 0.004) than control group. CONCLUSION: The use of xenogeneic collagen matrix in RT2 recessions was effective for recession reduction to those obtained using autologous grafts; with the advantage that the duration of surgery and patient morbidity decreased. Therefore, xenogeneic collagen matrix in RT2 recessions could be an alternative to autologous grafts. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The use of xenogeneic collagen matrix decreases the surgery time and patient morbidity but connective tissue graft results in significantly better mean root coverage and complete root coverage. Xenogeneic collagen matrix can be used in the treatment of RT2 gingival recessions. STUDY REGISTRATION: NCT03344315.


Assuntos
Gengiva , Retração Gengival , Humanos , Raiz Dentária , Estética Dentária , Colágeno/uso terapêutico , Tecido Conjuntivo/transplante , Retração Gengival/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Arch Craniofac Surg ; 25(1): 1-10, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38461822

RESUMO

The facial nerve stimulates the muscles of facial expression and the parasympathetic nerves of the face. Consequently, facial nerve paralysis can lead to facial asymmetry, deformation, and functional impairment. Facial nerve palsy is most commonly idiopathic, as with Bell palsy, but it can also result from a tumor or trauma. In this article, we discuss traumatic facial nerve injury. To identify the cause of the injury, it is important to first determine its location. The location and extent of the damage inform the treatment method, with options including primary repair, nerve graft, cross-face nerve graft, nerve crossover, and muscle transfer. Intracranial proximal facial nerve injuries present a challenge to surgical approaches due to the complexity of the temporal bone. Surgical intervention in these cases requires a collaborative approach between neurosurgery and otolaryngology, and nerve repair or grafting is difficult. This article describes the treatment of peripheral facial nerve injury. Primary repair generally offers the best prognosis. If primary repair is not feasible within 6 months of injury, nerve grafting should be attempted, and if more than 12 months have elapsed, functional muscle transfer should be performed. If the affected nerve cannot be utilized at that time, the contralateral facial nerve, ipsilateral masseter nerve, or hypoglossal nerve can serve as the donor nerve. Other accompanying symptoms, such as lagophthalmos or midface ptosis, must also be considered for the successful treatment of facial nerve injury.

3.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 39(1): 1-4, jan.mar.2024. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525801

RESUMO

Cútis laxa é uma rara doença do tecido conectivo caracterizada pela disfunção das fibras elásticas. Indivíduos acometidos por essa enfermidade queixam-se de sua aparência envelhecida. Os tratamentos se baseiam no uso de cosméticos ou em técnicas cirúrgicas, sendo a cirurgia plástica uma ferramenta de extrema relevância. A blefaroplastia tem o objetivo de melhorar a aparência senil e proporcionar rejuvenescimento na área ao redor dos olhos, fazendo com que o olhar pareça mais descansado e alerta. Trata-se de um estudo observacional retrospectivo utilizando os dados do prontuário. Relato do Caso: Paciente do sexo feminino, 17 anos, encaminhada ao serviço de Cirurgia Plástica do Hospital Universitário Walter Cantídio, Fortaleza- CE, para tratamento devido à insatisfação com a sua aparência. Submetida a uma blefaroplastia superior e inferior associada a cantopexia sem cantotomia. No período pós-operatório, foi observado resultado satisfatório para a cirurgia proposta e adequada correção das alterações existentes. Conclusão: Observa-se a importância da correção cirúrgica facial nos casos de cútis laxa, ressaltando a relevância da aplicação de técnicas cirúrgicas adequadas e o aprimoramento das mesmas nesse perfil de paciente.


Cutis laxa is a rare connective tissue disease characterized by dysfunction of elastic fibers. Individuals affected by this disease complain about their aged appearance. Treatments are based on the use of cosmetics or surgical techniques, with plastic surgery being an extremely relevant tool. Blepharoplasty aims to improve the senile appearance and provide rejuvenation in the area around the eyes, making the look appear more rested and alert. This is a retrospective observational study using medical record data. Case Report: A female patient, 17 years old, was referred to the Plastic Surgery Service of the Walter Cantídio University Hospital, Fortaleza-CE, for treatment due to dissatisfaction with her appearance. She underwent upper and lower blepharoplasty associated with canthopexy without canthotomy. In the postoperative period, a satisfactory result was observed for the proposed surgery and adequate correction of existing changes. Conclusion: The importance of facial surgical correction in cases of lax skin is observed, highlighting the relevance of applying appropriate surgical techniques and improving them in this patient profile.

4.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 39(1): 1-7, jan.mar.2024. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525807

RESUMO

Introdução: O mercado de procedimento estéticos cresce exponencialmente no Brasil. Tal crescimento tem despertado o interesse de várias categorias profissionais. A decisão de praticar no setor deve considerar as oportunidades de mercado da localidade na qual se pretende atuar. Entretanto, a área carece de análises comparativas documentando prováveis diferenças regionais no país. O objetivo do estudo é descrever as diferenças de mercado em procedimentos estéticos entre os estados e regiões brasileiras. Um índice de potencial consumo de cosmiatria (IPCC) é calculado para tal análise comparativa. Método: Estudo transversal envolvendo prestadores de procedimentos estéticos não cirúrgicos no Brasil. Buscas no Google®-Google Maps® foram conduzidas usando termoschave e entrevistas telefônicas realizadas para obter informações sobre categorias profissionais, tipo de provedores e serviços oferecidos. Valores preditivos positivos foram obtidos para todas as estratégias de busca e usados para estimar o número total de provedores. O tamanho da população e a renda per capita foram considerados para o cálculo dos IPCCs para os estados brasileiros. Resultados: São Paulo, Minas Gerais e Rio de Janeiro apresentaram os maiores IPCCs, sendo 524, 210 e 180, respectivamente. Roraima teve um IPCC de 14, o mais baixo do país. A Região Sudeste apresentou, em média, o maior IPCC (242) entre todas as regiões brasileiras. Conclusão: Considerando o tamanho da população e a renda, a Região Sudeste apresenta as maiores oportunidades de mercado em procedimentos estéticos não cirúrgicos no Brasil. Nossos achados podem ser de interesse para profissionais de saúde e investidores que atuam ou pretendem atuar no setor.


Introduction: The aesthetic procedure market is growing exponentially in Brazil. This growth has aroused the interest of several professional categories. The decision to practice in the sector must consider the market opportunities in the location in which you intend to operate. However, the area lacks comparative analyses documenting probable regional differences in the country. The objective of the study is to describe market differences in aesthetic procedures between Brazilian states and regions. An index of potential cosmetic consumption (IPCC) is calculated for such a comparative analysis. Method: Cross-sectional study involving providers of nonsurgical aesthetic procedures in Brazil. Searches on Google Maps® were conducted using key terms, and telephone interviews were conducted to obtain information on professional categories, types of providers, and services offered. Positive predictive values were obtained for all search strategies and used to estimate the total number of providers. Population size and per capita income were considered to calculate the IPCCs for Brazilian states. Results: São Paulo, Minas Gerais, and Rio de Janeiro presented the highest IPCCs, being 524, 210, and 180, respectively. Roraima had an IPCC of 14, the lowest in the country. The Southeast Region presented, on average, the highest IPCC (242) among all Brazilian regions. Conclusion: Considering population size and income, the Southeast Region presents the greatest market opportunities for nonsurgical aesthetic procedures in Brazil. Our findings may be of interest to healthcare professionals and investors who work or intend to work in the sector.

5.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 39(1): 1-11, jan.mar.2024. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525813

RESUMO

Introdução: O envelhecimento facial é um processo gradual, complexo e multifatorial. É o resultado de mudanças na qualidade, volume e posicionamento dos tecidos. Cirurgiões plásticos têm modificado sua abordagem na cirurgia do rejuvenescimento facial optando pelo plano subaponeurótico (SMAS). O objetivo deste estudo é analisar 100 casos de pacientes operados pela técnica de SMAS profundo, avaliando sua aplicabilidade e eficácia. Método: Foram avaliados 100 pacientes, submetidos a cirurgia plástica facial pela técnica de SMAS profundo - "Deep Smas", e acompanhados por 6 meses. Observou-se a satisfação dos pacientes, número de complicações, número de reoperações, riscos e vantagens da técnica. Resultados: Foram operados 100 pacientes, num período de 3 anos. A idade variou de 41 a 79 anos, sendo 95% sexo feminino. As complicações foram 8 casos (8%) de lesões de ramos do nervo facial, sendo: 4 casos lesão do zigomático, 3 casos de lesão do mandibular e 1 caso de lesão do bucal; houve 1 caso (1%) de queloide retroauricular; 1 caso (1%) de hematoma. Em relação às revisões cirúrgicas, houve 8 casos (8%) de complementação cirúrgica por insatisfação das pacientes. Houve 15% de lesões nervosas entre a 1ª e a 40ª cirurgia, 5% entre a 41ª e a 80ª, e nenhuma lesão entre o 81º e o 100º paciente. Conclusão: O lifting facial profundo ou subSMAS mostrou ser efetivo, proporcionando bons resultados estéticos. Apresenta baixa taxa de recidiva e baixa taxa de morbidade, porém, necessita de uma longa curva de aprendizagem.


Introduction: Facial aging is a gradual, complex, and multifactorial process. It is the result of changes in the quality, volume, and positioning of tissues. Plastic surgeons have modified their approach to facial rejuvenation surgery, opting for the subaponeurotic plane (SMAS). The objective of this study is to analyze 100 cases of patients operated on using the deep SMAS technique, evaluating its applicability and effectiveness. Method: 100 patients were evaluated, undergoing facial plastic surgery using the deep SMAS technique - "Deep Smas", and followed up for 6 months. Patient satisfaction, number of complications, number of reoperations, risks, and advantages of the technique were observed. Results: 100 patients were operated on over 3 years. Age ranged from 41 to 79 years, with 95% being female. The complications were 8 cases (8%) of injuries to branches of the facial nerve, of which 4 cases of zygomatic injury, 3 cases of mandibular injury, and 1 case of buccal injury; there was 1 case (1%) of post-auricular keloid; 1 case (1%) of hematoma. Regarding surgical revisions, there were 8 cases (8%) of surgical completion due to patient dissatisfaction. There were 15% of nerve injuries between the 1st and 40th surgery, 5% between the 41st and 80th, and no injuries between the 81st and 100th patient. Conclusion: Deep facial lifting or subSMAS has proven to be effective, providing good aesthetic results. It has a low recurrence rate and low morbidity rate; however, it requires a long learning curve.

6.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 39(1): 1-5, jan.mar.2024. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525831

RESUMO

Introdução: O trauma de face representa significativa incapacitação para a vítima, além de um desafio para as equipes de saúde devido a sua complexidade e envolvimento de estruturas nobres. Analisar a sua epidemiologia permite coordenar medidas em saúde pública para melhorar o atendimento e a prevenção. Método: Estudo observacional, descritivo, longitudinal, com abordagem retrospectiva a partir dos prontuários dos pacientes vítimas de trauma de face atendidos pela clínica cirúrgica no período entre 2010 e 2019. Resultados: Dentre os 529 prontuários incluídos no estudo e analisados, 71,08% tratava-se de cirurgias eletivas e o restante, 28,92%, de cirurgias de urgência. O trauma foi mais frequente em indivíduos de 20 a 29 anos, o que corresponde a 31,76% do total de casos. Também foi mais frequente em indivíduos do sexo masculino, correspondendo a 78,45% do total de casos. Acidentes automobilísticos foram a causa mais comum, descrita em 22,31% dos prontuários, e a principal fratura, presente em 85,83% dos casos, foi dos ossos próprios do nariz. Conclusão: As vítimas de traumatismo bucomaxilofacial atendidas no Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro são predominantemente homens na terceira década de vida, envolvidos em acidentes automobilísticos, com lesões em ossos do nariz que foram abordadas de forma eletiva.


Introduction: Facial trauma represents significant incapacitation for the victim, as well as a challenge for healthcare teams due to its complexity and involvement of important structures. Analyzing its epidemiology allows us to coordinate public health measures to improve care and prevention. Method: Observational, descriptive, longitudinal study with a retrospective approach based on the medical records of patients who suffered facial trauma treated by the surgical clinic between 2010 and 2019. Results: Among in individuals aged 20 to 29 years, which corresponds to 31.76% of total cases. It was also more common in males, corresponding to 78.45% of total cases. Car accidents were the most common cause, described in 22.31% of medical records, and the main fracture, present in 85.83% of cases, was of the bones of the nose. Conclusion: Victims of oral and maxillofacial trauma treated at the Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro are predominantly men in their third decade of life, involved in automobile accidents, with injuries to the bones of the nose that were treated electively.

7.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 90: 161-170, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368758

RESUMO

Large soft tissue defects of the face often require free flap-based reconstruction. To avoid a conspicuous patch-like appearance, choosing flaps with a color similar to that of the adjacent facial skin is crucial. This study aimed to identify the flap types that show the best color match via objective color evaluation. Patients who underwent free flap-based facial reconstruction between 2013 and 2023 were retrospectively reviewed. Based on standardized photographs, average color samples of the flap skin paddle and adjacent skin were obtained. The color differences were compared by flap type at two different time points, early (within 1-3 months, post-operative) and late (after 1 year, post-operative), using the delta E value. Fifty-eight free flaps were analyzed, including 22 thoracodorsal artery perforator (TDAP) flaps, 17 anterolateral thigh (ALT) flaps, nine superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator (SCIP) flaps, and eight radial forearm (RF) flaps. In the analysis of early outcomes, the RF flaps showed the least color difference, followed by the SCIP and TDAP flaps, and the ALT flaps showed the greatest difference, with the differences being significant. Most cases showed generally improved color matching over time. Time-dependent changes were significant in the ALT and TDAP flap groups. In the analysis of late outcomes, all flap types showed delta E values less than 10, with the RF flaps showing the least color difference, followed by the SCIP flap. The four workhorse flaps provided acceptable outcomes with long-term improvements. The RF flaps provided the best color matching in the long run.


Assuntos
Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Retalho Perfurante , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Retalho Perfurante/irrigação sanguínea , Artérias
8.
Int Braz J Urol ; 50(1): 46-57, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38166222

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate objective treatment efficacy and safety, and subjective patient-reported outcomes in patients with complex ureteral strictures (US) undergoing minimally invasive lingual mucosal graft ureteroplasty (LMGU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients underwent robotic or laparoscopic LMGU between May 2020 and July 2022. Clinical success was defined as symptom-free and no radiographic evidence of re-obstruction. Patient-reported outcomes, including health-related quality of life (HRQoL), mental health status and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), were longitudinally evaluated before surgery, 6 and 12 months postoperatively. RESULTS: Overall, 41 consecutive patients were included. All procedures were performed successfully with 32 patients in robotic approach and 9 in laparoscopic. Forty (97.56%) patients achieved clinical success during the median follow-up of 29 (range 15-41) months. Although patients with complex US experienced poor baseline HRQoL, there was a remarkable improvement following LMGU. Specifically, the 6-month and 12-month postoperative scores were significantly improved compared to the baseline (p < 0.05) in most domains. Twenty-eight (68.3%) and 31 (75.6%) patients had anxiety and depression symptoms before surgery, respectively. However, no significant decrease in the incidence of these symptoms was observed postoperatively. Moreover, there was no significant deterioration of OHRQoL at 6 months and 12 months postoperatively when compared to the baseline. CONCLUSIONS: LMGU is a safe and efficient procedure for complex ureteral reconstruction that significantly improves patient-reported HRQoL without compromising OHRQoL. Assessing patients' quality of life enables us to monitor postoperative recovery and progress, which should be considered as one of the criteria for surgical success.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Ureter , Obstrução Ureteral , Humanos , Constrição Patológica/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Ureter/cirurgia , Obstrução Ureteral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Pak J Med Sci ; 40(1Part-I): 36-40, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38196456

RESUMO

Background and Objective: A thorough insight into the management of hand injuries can shape the approach of a surgeon in order to achieve optimal outcomes for the patients. The aim of this study was to share our experience in reconstruction of the hand and establishing an algorithm for classification and treatment of hand injuries. Methods: This is a descriptive cross sectional study and was conducted from January 2020 to August 2022 at Burns and Plastic Surgery center, Peshawar. Data was collected from medical records about the patient demographics, mechanism of injury and type of procedures done. Defect size was classified into small (<5cm), medium (5cm to 10 cm) and large (>10cm). The defect site and size was cross tabulated against the method of soft tissue reconstruction in order to make the algorithm for reconstruction of hand injuries. Data was analyzed using SPSS. Results: The study population included 41 (75.9%) male and 13 (24.1%) female patients, mean age 31.56±14.1. Machine injuries (33.3%) and electric burns (24.1%) were the most common cause of hand soft tissue defects. The most commonly performed flap was Posterior introsseous artery (PIA) flap, followed by First dorsal metacarpal artery (FDMA) flap. Flap necrosis was observed in three cases (5.6%). Conclusion: This treatment algorithm for coverage of soft tissue defects in hand injuries will help with the decision making process of hand reconstruction and has didactic value for novice surgeons. It will also form the foundation for further work on this aspect of hand injuries.

10.
World J Surg Oncol ; 21(1): 379, 2023 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38044454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abdominally based free flaps are commonly used in breast reconstruction. A frequent complication is venous congestion, which might contribute to around 40% of flap failures. One way to deal with it is venous supercharging. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the scientific evidence for the effects of venous supercharging. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, and Cochrane library. The included articles were critically appraised, and certainty of evidence was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE) approach. RESULTS: Thirty-six studies were included. Most studies had serious study limitations and problems with directness. Three studies report 'routine' use of venous supercharging and performed it prophylactically in patients who did not have clinical signs of venous congestion. Seventeen studies report on flap complications, of which one is a randomised controlled trial demonstrating statistically significant lower complication rates in the intervention group. The overall certainty of evidence for the effect of a venous supercharging on flap complications, length of hospital stay and operative time, in patients without clinical signs of venous congestion, is very low (GRADE ⊕ ⊕ ⊝ ⊝), and low on and surgical takebacks (GRADE ⊕ ⊕ ⊝ ⊝). Twenty-one studies presented data on strategies and overall certainty of evidence for using radiological findings, preoperative measurements, and clinical risk factors to make decisions on venous supercharging is very low (GRADE ⊕ ⊝ ⊝ ⊝). CONCLUSION: There is little scientific evidence for how to predict in which cases, without clinical signs of venous congestion, venous supercharging should be performed. The complication rate might be lower in patients in which a prophylactic venous anastomosis has been performed. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO (CRD42022353591).


Assuntos
Hiperemia , Mamoplastia , Retalho Perfurante , Humanos , Hiperemia/etiologia , Hiperemia/prevenção & controle , Hiperemia/cirurgia , Retalho Perfurante/efeitos adversos , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Mamoplastia/efeitos adversos , Veias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
11.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 38(4): 1-8, out.dez.2023. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525441

RESUMO

Queloides e cicatrizes hipertróficas são lesões formadas a partir da resposta fibroproliferativa anormal ao processo de cicatrização de feridas, gerando uma proliferação excessiva do colágeno nas lesões. Geralmente, predominam em pacientes do sexo feminino e em indivíduos com tons de pele mais escuros. A abordagem terapêutica dessas cicatrizes pode ser indicada de acordo com alguns critérios, como déficit funcional, tamanho e tempo de cicatrização da ferida. Nesse sentido, o presente estudo objetivou realizar uma revisão descritiva da literatura, buscando as evidências de tratamento dos últimos cinco anos neste tema. A revisão foi realizada com base no guideline PRISMA, utilizando as bases de dados PubMed, LILACS, Cochrane Library, SCOPUS, Web of Science e Grey Literature, entre os anos de 2018 e 2022. Foram encontrados 740 artigos, dos quais 16 ensaios clínicos randomizados foram selecionados. Foi evidenciado que manejo do queloide apresenta abordagem multimodal, não havendo um padrão-ouro de tratamento, com taxa de recorrência baixa. Além disso, a terapia combinada de diferentes agentes pareceu ser superior ao uso isolado de métodos terapêuticos no tratamento dessas lesões.


Keloids and hypertrophic scars are lesions formed from the abnormal fibroproliferative response to the wound healing process, generating excessive collagen proliferation in the lesions. They generally predominate in female patients and individuals with darker skin tones. The therapeutic approach to these scars can be indicated according to criteria such as functional deficit, size, and wound healing time. In this sense, the present study aimed to conduct a descriptive review of the literature, seeking evidence of treatment over the last five years. The review was carried out based on the PRISMA guideline, using the databases PubMed, LILACS, Cochrane Library, SCOPUS, Web of Science, and Grey Literature between 2018 and 2022. Seven hundred forty articles were found, of which 16 randomized clinical trials were selected. It was demonstrated that keloid management presents a multimodal approach, with no gold standard of treatment with a low recurrence rate. Furthermore, combined therapy with different agents appeared superior to the isolated therapeutic methods in treating these injuries.

12.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 38(4): 1-5, out.dez.2023. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525492

RESUMO

Introdução: As técnicas microcirúrgicas caracterizam-se pela aplicação de manobras e suturas em estruturas milimétricas com o auxílio de lentes de aumento. São técnicas complexas, utilizadas em diversas especialidades médicas, que demandam grande habilidade e treinamento antes da aplicação em humanos. O objetivo é desenvolver um modelo de baixo custo e alta fidelidade, para o treinamento de técnicas de microcirurgia, utilizando um fragmento de patch de pericárdio bovino. Método: São utilizados para a confecção deste modelo segmentos remanescentes de uma placa de pericárdio bovino, previamente utilizado em reparos vasculares. O material é recortado em duas partes simétricas e suas extremidades fixadas aos campos cirúrgicos, com auxílio de clamps. A borda superior de cada uma das partes é, então, suturada à borda inferior com fio de Prolene 8-0, de maneira que cada uma forme uma estrutura tubular. Posteriormente, as extremidades tubulares livres passam pela dissecção da camada adventícia e são suturadas entre si, mimetizando uma anastomose vascular término-terminal. Resultados: Com o modelo, simulam-se os mesmos inconvenientes/ dificuldades presentes nas suturas vasculares humanas, como a delaminação de camadas, excesso da camada adventícia e risco de sutura inadvertida da parede posterior, provando sua utilidade na aquisição de habilidades microcirúrgicas básicas, sem necessidade de manipulação de tecidos humanos ou animais. A prática neste modelo pode ocorrer dentro do próprio centro cirúrgico e emprega materiais que seriam descartados. Conclusão: A utilização do pericárdio bovino para confecção de suturas milimétricas mimetiza o tecido vascular humano e é um procedimento de baixo custo, que possibilita o treinamento de habilidades microcirúrgicas.


Introduction: Microsurgical techniques are characterized by the application of maneuvers and sutures to millimetric structures with the aid of magnifying lenses. These are complex techniques, used in various medical specialties, which require great skill and training before applying them to humans. The objective is to develop a lowcost and high-fidelity model for training microsurgery techniques using a fragment of bovine pericardium patch. Method: Remaining segments of a bovine pericardium plate, previously used in vascular repairs, are used to create this model. The material is cut into two symmetrical parts, and its ends are fixed to the surgical drapes with the aid of clamps. The upper edge of each part is then sutured to the lower edge with 8-0 Prolene thread so that each one forms a tubular structure. Subsequently, the free tubular ends undergo dissection of the adventitial layer and are sutured together, mimicking an end-to-end vascular anastomosis. Results: With the model, the same inconveniences/ difficulties present in human vascular sutures are simulated, such as delamination of layers, excess of the adventitial layer, and risk of inadvertent suturing of the posterior wall, proving its usefulness in the acquisition of basic microsurgical skills, without need to manipulate human or animal tissues. Practice in this model can take place within the surgical center itself and uses materials that would otherwise be discarded. Conclusion: The use of bovine pericardium to create millimetric sutures mimics human vascular tissue and is a low-cost procedure that allows the training of microsurgical skills.

13.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 38(4): 1-5, out.dez.2023. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525494

RESUMO

Introdução: Os arcos branquiais são os precursores embriológicos da face, pescoço e faringe. As anomalias dos arcos branquiais são a segunda lesão congênita mais comum de cabeça e pescoço em crianças. Entre essas anomalias, estão os cistos de arcos branquiais (BCC), que surgem devido a uma incorreta obliteração das fendas branquiais, ainda no período embrionário. Os BCC podem ser assintomáticos, apenas percebidos incidentalmente, e não se manifestar até a idade adulta. Resultados: Anomalias do segundo arco branquial devem ser consideradas como um dos possíveis diagnósticos diferenciais de massas cervicais, especialmente as que se manifestam como um abaulamento em região lateral do pescoço. Os BCC são formações de revestimento epitelial, sem aberturas externas. Após seu diagnóstico, o tratamento é cirúrgico, usualmente por meio de uma incisão cervical transversa e cuidadosa dissecação das estruturas, com o objetivo de extirpar toda a lesão. Conclusão: O método descrito, de excisão da lesão, por meio de incisão transversa em região cervical, dissecção tecidual por planos e ressecção de massa cística, é uma opção para o tratamento dessa deformidade, com adequado resultado estético e boa reprodutibilidade.


Introduction: The branchial arches are the embryological precursors of the face, neck, and pharynx. Branchial arch anomalies are the second most common congenital head and neck lesions in children. Among these anomalies are branchial arch cysts (BCC), which arise due to incorrect obliteration of the branchial slits, still in the embryonic period. BCCs may be asymptomatic, only noticed incidentally, and not manifest until adulthood. Results: Anomalies of the second branchial arch should be considered as one of the possible differential diagnoses of neck masses, especially those that manifest as a bulge in the lateral region of the neck. BCCs are epithelial lining formations without external openings. After diagnosis, treatment is surgical, usually through a transverse cervical incision and careful dissection of the structures, with the aim of extirpating the entire lesion. Conclusion: The method described of excision of the lesion through a transverse incision in the cervical region, tissue dissection in planes, and resection of the cystic mass is an option for the treatment of this deformity, with adequate aesthetic results and good reproducibility.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38114394

RESUMO

The volume of the reconstructed tongue is considered a critical factor for tongue function. Studies investigating the difference in volume loss between the anterolateral thigh free flap (ALTF) and radial forearm free flap (RFFF) used in reconstruction of the tongue after hemiglossectomy are lacking. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a significant difference in shrinkage between these two flaps. This was a retrospective study of all patients treated for tongue cancer by hemiglossectomy who underwent either ALTF or RFFF reconstruction at the University of Florida College of Medicine between January 2018 and April 2022. Computed tomography scans were used to measure the volumetric changes in the ALTF and RFFF at two time points over a 6-month period. Of the 85 patients assessed, 10 fulfilled the inclusion criteria: five were reconstructed with an ALTF and five with a RFFF. All underwent adjuvant radiotherapy. The mean ALTF percentage shrinkage was 39.6% ± 3.9%, while for the RFFF it was 51.1% ± 6.2% (P = 0.008). Therefore, it is recommended that the difference in volume loss between the two flaps is taken into consideration. It is suggested that in hemiglossectomy cases, the ALTF is made 1.4 times larger than the defect, while the RFFF is made 1.5 times larger.

15.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 23(1): 860, 2023 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38098016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although abdominal or hysteroscopic metroplasty for septate uterus is considered to reduce pregnancy loss and increase the take-home baby (THB) rate in women with a history of recurrent pregnancy loss, there exists an inherent risk of impaired fertility. This study aimed to clarify the reproductive outcomes of women with septate uterus who underwent abdominal and hysteroscopic metroplasty in a single center. METHODS: This retrospective observational study enrolled 27 women who underwent metroplasty between 2007 and 2019. The analysis included women with septate uterus [European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE)/European Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy (ESGE) type U2)] or septate-bicornuate uterus (ESHRE/ESGE type U3b) who underwent either abdominal or hysteroscopic metroplasty. Women who did not have an immediate desire to conceive were excluded from the analysis. As a rule, we recommended pregnancy without surgery for women who had not experienced repeated pregnancy loss. Abdominal metroplasty (ABM) was performed using the modified Tompkins' method and hysteroscopic metroplasty was performed using hysteroscopic transcervical resection of the septum [transcervical metroplasty (TCM)]. The conception ratio was calculated as the number of women who achieved ≥ 1 conception/total number of women, the pregnancy loss ratio was calculated as the number of women who experienced ≥ 1 pregnancy loss/the number of women who conceived, and the THB ratio was calculated as the number of women who achieved ≥ 1 THB/total number of women. RESULTS: Seventeen women underwent ABM and 10 women underwent TCM. Thirty-three conceptions and 26 babies were taken home after surgery. ABM did not change the ≥ 1 conception ratio (76% vs. 83% before and after surgery, respectively; RR = 1.08, p = 0.80). Meanwhile, ABM decreased the ≥ 1 pregnancy loss ratio (100% vs. 36%, RR = 0.36, p < 0.001) and increased the ≥ 1 THB ratio (12% vs. 71%, RR = 6.00, p < 0.01). Similarly, TCM did not change the ≥ 1 conception ratio, decreased the ≥ 1 pregnancy loss ratio, and increased the ≥ 1 THB ratio. CONCLUSIONS: Both abdominal and hysteroscopic metroplasty for septate uterus increased the THB rate by preventing pregnancy loss without affecting the chance of pregnancy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Not applicable.


Assuntos
Aborto Habitual , Infertilidade Feminina , Útero Septado , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Histeroscopia/métodos , Útero/cirurgia
16.
Australas J Dermatol ; 2023 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38158628

RESUMO

To reconstruct a large anterior skin and cartilage defect of the upper half of the external ear in an elderly patient after cancer surgery, different techniques are possible, but single-stage procedures should be advised. Combining flaps with reliable vascular supply, like the revolving door post-auricular flap and a mastoid advancement flap, is an attractive single-stage reconstructive option to rebuild a sturdy auricle.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37872055

RESUMO

The functional restoration of Brown class III maxillary defects is a challenging endeavour in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Conventional reconstruction techniques with osseous free flaps have certain limitations, such as the need for multiple operations and greater patient morbidity. This study introduces a single-stage computer-assisted approach for tumour resection and functional restoration of these defects using titanium mesh, zygomatic implants, and a vascularized anterolateral thigh flap (ALTF). Virtual surgical planning was used to simulate tumour resection, titanium mesh placement, and zygomatic implant insertion. Surgery was performed under the guidance of mixed reality and surgical navigation. The tumour was resected by total hemimaxillectomy, and the reconstruction was performed using a pre-bent patient-specific titanium mesh for the orbital floor and two zygomatic implants placed and exposed through tunnels in an ALTF. The ALTF survived without any perioperative complications. A fixed prosthesis with built-in titanium frame was delivered 4 months postoperatively. At the 1-year follow-up, there was no tumour recurrence, the implants were osseointegrated, and aesthetics and masticatory function were satisfactory. An occlusal force of 155 N was attained on the reconstructed side, compared to 127 N on the non-surgical side.

18.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 38(3): 1-7, jul.set.2023. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525372

RESUMO

Introdução: As intervenções cirúrgicas pós-bariátricas vêm se tornando cada vez mais frequentes e englobam a abdominoplastia, a cirurgia plástica interna da coxa, a braquioplastia e a mastopexia. Porém, devido ao caráter disabsortivo e restritivo do paciente bariátrico, esse estudo tem como objetivo apresentar as complicações advindas de procedimentos estéticos realizados nestes pacientes, expondo os fatores de risco mais associados às sequelas e levantando opções para um melhor desfecho. Método: Foi realizada uma revisão integrativa da literatura, de caráter qualitativo, segundo a pergunta norteadora: "Quais as principais complicações em cirurgias plásticas realizadas em pacientes bariatricados?". A busca foi realizada nas plataformas Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde (BVS) e PubMed. Os artigos incluídos no estudo foram analisados pelo método de conteúdo. Resultados: No total foram incluídos 6 artigos, nos quais observou-se que as principais complicações de cirurgias de contorno corporal, tais como a abdominoplastia e a braquioplastia, em pacientes bariatricados foram, principalmente, deiscência de feridas, seromas e hematomas, complicações, essas, relacionadas principalmente ao índice de massa corporal (IMC) do paciente, às suas comorbidades e ao tabagismo. Conclusão: Percebe-se, hoje, uma maior demanda pelas cirurgias plásticas reparadoras pósbariátrica, principalmente pela abdominoplastia. Consequentemente, houve, também, um aumento no número de complicações intraoperatórias, destacando-se o seroma e a deiscência de feridas. Para amenizá-las, a melhor solução é trabalhar no controle de fatores de risco pré-operatórios do paciente, tais como o IMC elevado e o tabagismo, além de comorbidades que levam à deficiência de cicatrização.


Introduction: Post-bariatric surgical interventions have become increasingly frequent, including abdominoplasty, inner thigh plastic surgery, brachioplasty, and mastopexy. However, due to bariatric patients' malabsorptive and restrictive nature, this study aims to present complications arising from aesthetic procedures performed on these patients, exposing the risk factors most associated with sequelae and raising options for a better outcome. Method: An integrative qualitative literature review was carried out according to the guiding question: "What are the main complications in plastic surgeries performed on bariatric patients?". The search was conducted on the Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde (BVS) and PubMed platforms. The articles included in the study were analyzed using the content method. Results: In total, 6 articles were included, in which it was observed that the main complications of body contouring surgeries, such as abdominoplasty and brachioplasty, in bariatric patients were mainly wound dehiscence, seromas and hematomas, complications, these, mainly related to the patient's body mass index (BMI), their comorbidities and smoking. Conclusion: Today, there is a greater demand for post-bariatric reconstructive plastic surgery, especially abdominoplasty. Consequently, there was also an increase in intraoperative complications, notably seroma and wound dehiscence. To alleviate them, the best solution is to work on controlling the patient's preoperative risk factors, such as high BMI and smoking, as well as comorbidities that lead to poor healing.

19.
Yonago Acta Med ; 66(2): 317-321, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37234222

RESUMO

When resecting the internal jugular veins bilaterally in surgery for head and neck cancer, it is necessary to perform neck dissection in two stages or to reconstruct the internal jugular veins in one stage. Reconstruction of the internal jugular vein using grafting or direct anastomosis to the external jugular vein have both been reported. We report the case of a 53-year-old man with accidental injury to the left internal jugular vein after resection of the right internal jugular vein for supraglottic cancer. The left internal jugular vein was damaged near the inflow of the subclavian vein, making vein grafting difficult. Therefore, internal jugular venous return was reestablished by end-to-side anastomosis of the left internal jugular vein to the left external jugular vein system. In this surgical procedure, by incising the internal jugular vein obliquely, it was not necessary to match the calibers of the internal jugular vein and the external jugular vein system, and a smooth hemodynamic body was reconstructed. In addition, we were able to reconstruct the internal jugular vein while preserving blood flow in the external jugular vein system. End-to-side anastomosis of the internal jugular vein to the external jugular system is an option for internal jugular vein reconstruction.

20.
Front Surg ; 10: 1109936, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36843998

RESUMO

A gastrocnemius muscle flap is a versatile option for covering the proximal one-third of the lower leg and around the knee. On the other hand, it is of limited use in patients with short gastrocnemius muscle or insufficient volume. The authors present a case in which a knee soft tissue defect occurred in a very thin patient and was reconstructed using a gastrocnemius myocutaneous flap and a distally based gracilis flap as a supplementary flap.

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