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1.
Foods ; 12(20)2023 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37893703

RESUMO

The naturally occurring lactic acid bacteria can be isolated from various sources. Pickled Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. et Coss. was used to isolate lactic acid bacteria (LAB). This study was conducted to compare the probiotic properties of probiotics isolated from pickled Vietnamese cabbage with some commercial strains of probiotics available on the Vietnamese market. The results showed that two strains (Lactobacillus fermentum and Lactiplantibacillus plantarum) isolated from pickled Vietnamese cabbage and three commercial strains of probiotics (Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus clausii, Lactobacillus acidophilus) all showed probiotic properties. Probiotic properties were evaluated through the ability to survive in low pH, pepsin, pancreatin, and bile salt media, the hydrophobicity of the bacteria, the antibiotic resistance, and the resistance to pathogenic bacteria. The isolated strain Lactiplantibacillus plantarum had fewer probiotic properties than Bacillus subtilis but more than the two commercial strains Bacillus clausii and Lactobacillus acidophilus, and the isolated Lactobacillus fermentum showed the fewest probiotic properties of the five strains.

2.
Food Res Int ; 172: 113060, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37689854

RESUMO

In this study, Pichia kluyveri (P. kluyveri) and Lactobacillus plantarum (L. plantarum) were sequentially inoculated into a plant-based beverage consisting of bananas, broccoli, and wolfberries. The physicochemical characteristics, functional components, and taste of it at different stages were determined. After 8-d fermentation, the viable counts of P. kluyveri and L. plantarum were 6.50 log CFU/mL and 8.43 log CFU/mL, respectively. The ethanol was <0.5 % (v/v). Compared with control group, the superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity increased by 96.08 folds and total phenolics content increased by 1.09 folds. The contents of lactic acid, protocatechuic acid, and chlorogenic acid exhibited an upgrade trend, whereas the contents of caffeic acid and malic acid presented a downward tendency. Some organic acids had positive correlations with sensory quality, especially sourness. In addition, the γ-amino butyric acid (GABA) concentration and antioxidant activity were also improved during fermentation. Results showed the nutritional functional properties and sensory quality of this beverage could be improved through co-fermentation of P. kluyveri and L. plantarum.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus plantarum , Fermentação , Bebidas Fermentadas , Pichia
3.
Food Chem ; 423: 136286, 2023 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37178598

RESUMO

In this study, a new composite modification method utilizing a cavitation jet combined with a composite enzyme (cellulase and xylanase) was developed to modify the insoluble dietary fibre (IDF) of okara (IDF was first treated with the cavitation jet at 0.3 MPa for 10 min, and then 6% of the enzyme was added, the composite enzyme with a 1:1 enzyme activity was hydrolysed for 1.5 h to obtain the modified IDF), and explored the structure-activity relationship between the structural properties, physicochemical properties and biological activities of IDF before and after modification. Under the action of cavitation jet and double enzyme hydrolysis, the modified IDF had a wrinkled and loose porous structure, which improved the thermal stability. Its water holding capacity (10.81 ± 0.17 g/g), oil holding capacity (4.83 ± 0.03 g/g) and swelling capacity (18.60 ± 0.60 mL/g) were significantly higher than those of unmodified IDF. In addition, compared with other IDFs, the combined modified IDF had greater advantages in nitrite adsorption (13.75 ± 0.14 µg/g), glucose adsorption (6.46 ± 0.28 mmol/g) and cholesterol adsorption (16.86 ± 0.83 mg/g), and improved in vitro probiotic activity and in vitro anti-digestion rate. The results show that the cavitation jet combined with compound enzyme modification method can effectively improve the economic value of okara.


Assuntos
Fibras na Dieta , Glucose , Fenômenos Químicos , Glucose/química , Hidrólise , Adsorção
4.
Front Nutr ; 9: 993828, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091223

RESUMO

This study investigated the chemical structures and probiotic potential of different polysaccharides (LPs) extracted from the litchi pulp that fermented with Lactobacillus fermentum for different times (i.e., 0-72 h corresponding to LP-0 through LP-72, respectively). Fermentation times affected the yields, total sugar contents, uronic acid contents, molecular weights, and monosaccharide compositions of LPs. The LPs yields and uronic acid contents exhibited irregular trends in association with fermentation time, while total sugar contents decreased, and the molecular weights increased. Particularly, LP-6 contained the highest extraction yields (2.67%), lowest uronic acid contents, and smallest average Mw (104 kDa) (p < 0.05). Moreover, analysis of the monosaccharide composition in the fermented LPs indicated that the proportions of glucose decreased, while arabinose and galacturonic acid proportions increased relative to unfermented LP-0. Further, LP-6 demonstrated the highest growth for Bifidobacterium compared to LP-0, while the other fermentation time led to comparable or worse probiotic promoting activities. These results suggest that lactic acid bacteria fermentation alters the physicochemical properties of litchi polysaccharides, such that suitable fermentation time can enhance their probiotic activities.

5.
Front Nutr ; 9: 826250, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35656157

RESUMO

Following the extraction of essential oil, citrus (Mousambi, Kinnow, and Orange) peel wastes were used to produce pectin. The yield of essential oil and pectin was maximum in orange. Pectin was characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy. The degree of esterification (DE) and methoxyl content (MC) was maximum in orange whereas, the equivalent weight was maximum in Mousambi. A significant increase (61.8%) in the Lactobacillus fermentum population was observed with pectin as compared with sugar. Three sources followed the Orange > Kinnow > Mousambi trend as a prebiotic source. It was attributed to higher DE as well as higher MC. Enhancement in the bacterial population was in the range of 79.16-87.50%. The present work confirms the potential of pectin as a probiotic source for the enhancement of the bacterial population. Thus, it has a large scope for use in the food industry targeting a circular economy.

6.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 38(6): 106, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35507200

RESUMO

Continue to hypothesize that honey is a storehouse of beneficial bacteria, and the majority of these isolates are levansucrase producers. Accordingly, ten bacterial strains were isolated from different honey sources. Four honey isolates that had the highest levansucrase production and levan yield were identified by the partial sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene as Achromobacter sp. (10A), Bacillus paralicheniformis (2M), Bacillus subtilis (9A), and Bacillus paranthracis (13M). The cytotoxicity of the selected isolates showed negative blood hemolysis. Also, they are sensitive to the tested antibiotics (Amoxicillin + Flucloxacillin, Ampicillin, Gentamicin, Benzathine benzylpenicillin, Epicephin, Vancomycin, Amikacin, and Zinol). The isolates had strong alkaline stability (pHs 9, 11) and were resistant to severe acidic conditions (29-100 percent). The tested isolates recorded complete tolerance to both H2O2 and the bile salt (0.3% Oxgall powder) after 24 h incubation. The cell-free supernatant of the examined strains had antifungal activities against C. Albicans with varying degrees. Also, isolates 2M and 13M showed strong activities against S. aureus. The isolates showed strong adhesion and auto-aggregation capacity. Isolate 10A showed the highest antioxidant activity (91.45%) followed by 2M (47.37%). The isolates recorded different catalase and protease activity. All isolates produced cholesterol oxidase and lipase with different levels. Besides, the four isolates reduced LDL (low-density lipoprotein) to different significant values. The cholesterol-reducing ability varied not only for strains but also for the time of incubation. The previous results recommended these isolates be used safely in solving the LDL problem.


Assuntos
Mel , Probióticos , Bacillus subtilis/genética , Colesterol , Mel/microbiologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Staphylococcus aureus/genética
7.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 38(3): 41, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35018552

RESUMO

The most crucial and expensive fragment in the broiler chicken production industry is the feed. Because of the rising demand, finding a cheap and effective feed is an urgent necessity. Fermentation of broiler feed by probiotic fungal starters can enhance the nutrient's availability and digestibility while preventing pathogenic growth. In this study different Rhizopus spp. have been isolated from agricultural soils around Izmir, Turkey, and tested for their probiotic potential and fermentative capacity. The isolated Rhizopus strains first underwent microscopical fluorescent investigation to exclude endofungal bacterial presence, then, those without endofungal bacteria (totally 82) were tested for antimicrobial activity counter bacterial and fungal pathogens. The ones with wide-spectrum antimicrobial activity (totally 10) were tested for gastrointestinal tolerance and antioxidant ability. Upon phenotypic and genotypic identification, the 10 isolates were found to belong to Rhizopus oryzae species. While all 10 strains showed variable gastrointestinal tolerance and antioxidant activities, three of them (92/1, 236/2, and 284) had relatively high antioxidant activity. Upon fermentative capacity assay, compared to unfermented commercial feed, there was a general decrease in crude fiber content by 56% after fermentation by 92/1 isolate for 4 days and 236/2 isolate for 2 days. The highest increase in crude protein content (by 14.5%) occurred after a 4-day fermentation period by 236/2 isolate. The highest increase in metabolizable energy was 8.64%, by the 284 isolate after 2 days of fermentation. In conclusion, the three strains showed good probiotic properties and fermentative capacities hence can be beneficial for the poultry industry.


Assuntos
Ração Animal , Produtos Agrícolas/microbiologia , Fermentação , Probióticos , Rhizopus oryzae/metabolismo , Animais , Antibacterianos , Antifúngicos , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Galinhas , Genótipo , Fenótipo , Rhizopus oryzae/genética , Rhizopus oryzae/isolamento & purificação , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo
8.
Foods ; 10(9)2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34574197

RESUMO

Traditional fermented foods are obtained by a complex consortium of autochthonous microorganisms producing a wide variety of bioactive compounds, thus representing a reservoir of strains with new functional properties. Here, doughs obtained using five different wholegrain flours were singly fermented with selected yeast strains, which were evaluated for their functional traits. Lactate, volatile fatty acids and conjugated linoleic acid isomers produced by fermented doughs were detected by HPLC, while dough anti-inflammatory capacity was measured on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells by flow cytometry. Yeast potential probiotic activity was assessed by evaluating their resistance to simulated gastric and intestinal fluids. For the first time we report evidence of yeast strains producing high levels of the conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomer CLA 10-12tc and propionic acid, which are known for their specific health benefits. Moreover, such yeast strains showed an anti-inflammatory capacity, as revealed by a significantly decreased production of the strongly pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-1ß. All our Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains were remarkably resistant to simulated gastric and intestinal fluids, as compared to the commercial probiotic strain. The two strains S. cerevisiae IMA D18Y and L10Y showed the best survival percentage. Our novel yeast strains may be exploited as valuable functional starters for the industrial production of cereal-based innovative and health-promoting fermented foods.

9.
Food Res Int ; 137: 109580, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33233191

RESUMO

Lactobacillus crispatus strain BC4, isolated from the human healthy vaginal environment and characterised by a strong antimicrobial activity against urogenital pathogens and foodborne microorganisms, was employed as a probiotic culture in the cheesemaking of the soft cheese Squacquerone. Such cheese is intended as a "gender food", that could be used as a hedonistic dietary strategy to reduce the incidence of woman vaginal dysbiosis and infections, given the evidence that a probiotic strain able to survive to the entire digestive process once ingested, can pass from intestine to vagina. This work was aimed to evaluate the resistance of L. crispatus BC4, carried in Squacquerone cheese, to different challenges of the human gastrointestinal tract, including the colon stage. The digestion process was tested using a Simulator of the Human Intestinal Microbial Ecosystem (SHIME®). The viability and metabolic activity of L. crispatus BC4 during the colon simulation were monitored by qPCR and gas chromatography, respectively, also in the presence of a complex microbiota. The results showed that L. crispatus BC4 survival was not affected by the gastric condition, while it was significantly affected by bile salts and pancreatic juice in small intestine conditions, where it decreased of approx. 0.6 log (colony-forming units) CFU/g. Differently, during colon simulation L. crispatus BC4 was able to grow in sterile colon conditions and to maintain viability in the presence of a complex microbiota. Moreover, during colon simulation, L. crispatus BC4 was metabolically active as demonstrated by the higher production of short chain fatty acids (SCFA) and lactate. In the presence of a complex gut microbiota, a decrease of lactate was observed, due to its conversion into propionate (anti-cholesterol activity) and butyrate (anti-inflammatory activity) by cross-feeding. However, no differences in propionate and butyrate production could be observed between control cheese and cheese containing L. crispatus BC4. Despite this may appear as a negative outcome, it must be taken into account that, in this setup, only a single dose of the cheese was tested and the outcome of the colonization and impact of the gut microbiota might be different when daily repeated doses are tested.


Assuntos
Queijo , Lactobacillus crispatus , Probióticos , Ecossistema , Feminino , Humanos , Intestinos
10.
J Appl Microbiol ; 128(6): 1764-1775, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027448

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of this study was to isolate Lactobacillus from gastrointestinal tract of healthy postweaning piglets and investigate its synergistic antimicrobial and probiotic effects with ZnO nanoparticles (nZnO). METHODS AND RESULTS: Of the 128 isolates, Lactobacillus plantarum BLPL03 was selected based on its excellent acid and bile salt tolerance properties. Lactobacillus plantarum BLPL03 was sensitive to ß-lactams, macrolides, amphenicols and cephalosporins, whereas it displayed the steady resistance to aminoglycosides, tetracyclines, quinolones and peptide antibiotics. In vitro analysis of antibacterial activities showed that L. plantarum BLPL03 inhibited the four common food-borne pathogenic bacteria including Escherichia coli O157:H7 CMCC 44828, Salmonella Typhimurium ATCC 13311, Staphylococcus aureus CMCC 26003 and Listeria monocytogenes CMCC 54007 in synergy with nZnO. Furthermore, the quantitative polymerase chain reaction test demonstrated that the combined administration of L. plantarum BLPL03 fermentation liquor (LFL) and nZnO synergistically elevated the faecal number of Bifidobacterium by 73·19-fold, and reduced the two potential enteropathogenic bacteria Enterobacteriaceae and Clostridium perfringens in mice challenged with Salm. Typhimurium. Finally, dietary supplementation with low dose of nZnO (20 mg kg-1 ) when combined with LFL administration enhanced final body weight, fur appearance and average daily gain, and decreased feed conversion ratio and diarrhoea incidence in weaned piglets. The faecal Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus of piglets were dramatically enhanced by 81·96- and 3·15-fold, respectively, after administration of a mixture of nZnO and LFL. Meanwhile, combination of nZnO with LFL resulted in low levels of Bacteroides, Enterococcus, and Enterobacteriaceae. CONCLUSIONS: A combination of nZnO and LFL exhibits potential health-benefit properties for the control of gut microbial composition by their synergistic antimicrobial and probiotic effects. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: This study may provide a potential nutritional strategy to improve performance and gut health of animals with gut microbiota disorders caused by pathogen infections and weanling, and so on.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Lactobacillus plantarum/isolamento & purificação , Lactobacillus plantarum/fisiologia , Probióticos/farmacologia , Óxido de Zinco/farmacologia , Animais , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Suplementos Nutricionais , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Fezes/microbiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Trato Gastrointestinal/microbiologia , Lactobacillus plantarum/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Nanopartículas/química , Probióticos/administração & dosagem , Suínos/microbiologia , Desmame , Óxido de Zinco/administração & dosagem , Óxido de Zinco/química
11.
J Appl Microbiol ; 121(4): 1117-29, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27389465

RESUMO

AIMS: To analyse the effect of Enterococcus faecalis CECT7121 on intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) and its effects on the mucosal immune response. METHODS AND RESULTS: Enterococcus faecalis CECT7121 showed a high adhesion capacity to completely and heterogeneously differentiated human intestinal epithelial cell line (Caco-2 cells). In addition, the contact of this bacterium with Caco-2 cells did not induce inflammatory chemokines (IL-8 and CCL-20). The presence of IgA(+) and IL-6(+) cells in the small intestine, as well as the production of inflammatory cytokines (TNFα, IL-6 and IL-12) in the gut, was determined after intragastric inoculation of Ent. faecalis CECT7121 in BALB/c mice. The administration of Ent. faecalis CECT7121 increased the number of IgA(+) cells in the intestinal lamina propria without modifying the percentage of IL-6(+) cells. No differences were observed in the cytokines measured in the intestinal extracts between probiotic-treated and control mice. CONCLUSIONS: Enterococcus faecalis CECT7121 stimulates local mucosal immunity and adheres to IECs without inducing inflammatory signals. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: Our results indicate that, apart from its already reported systemic immune activity, Ent. faecalis CECT7121 has a modulatory effect at a local level.


Assuntos
Enterococcus faecalis/fisiologia , Células Epiteliais/imunologia , Imunidade nas Mucosas/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/imunologia , Intestinos/imunologia , Probióticos/administração & dosagem , Animais , Células CACO-2 , Citocinas/biossíntese , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/microbiologia , Humanos , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Interleucina-8/imunologia , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/microbiologia , Intestino Delgado/imunologia , Intestino Delgado/microbiologia , Intestinos/efeitos dos fármacos , Intestinos/microbiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia
12.
Mycobiology ; 43(4): 415-22, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26839501

RESUMO

The study aimed to evaluate the probiotic properties, antioxidant activity and fermentative capacity of Acremonium charticola and Rhizopus oryzae isolated from the Indonesian fermented dried cassava, with particular application on poultry. A. charticola inhibited the growth of Escherichia coli and Aspergillus flavus. A. charticola and R. oryzae grew in potato dextrose agar (PDA) adjusted to pH 3 and 8 or in PDA supplemented with bile salt up to 0.8%. After soaking for 8 hr, the survival rate of A. charticola in the simulated gastric juice (pH 2) and bile solutions (2% bile salt) was lower than that of R. oryzae. A. charticola and R. oryzae exhibited strong antioxidant activities. Compared to unfermented cassava pulp (control), the fibre content of cassava pulp tended to be lower after fermentation with A. charticola for 14 days. The populations of A. charticola and R. oryzae were significantly higher in fermented cassava pulp than in unfermented one. Coliform was higher in cassava pulp fermented with R. oryzae or A. charticola + R. oryzae compared to control after 7 days of fermentation, however, the bacteria were not different between A. charticola-fermented cassava pulp and control. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were higher in A. charticola- and R. oryzae-fermented cassava pulp than those in control, however, no difference of LAB was observed between A. charticola + R. oryzae-fermented cassava pulp and control. In conclusion, A. charticola exhibited antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant activity, gastrointestinal persistence and fermentative capacity that may be beneficial for poultry industry.

13.
Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins ; 4(3): 145-53, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26782040

RESUMO

Bacillus cereus strain F, collected from relict permafrost located in Siberia, was analyzed for probiotic activity in the mouse Salmonella enterica model. Viable bacterial cells were found in frozen soils taken at Mammoth Mountain in Yakutia from a depth below the level of seasonal thawing. Geological data indicated the absence of a thawing within millions of years of deposited soils, which helped to ensure the ancient origin of our sample. According to DNA analysis, bacterial cells collected from the relict permafrost appeared to be B. cereus strain F. The morphology of these bacteria was analyzed using atomic force microscopy. B. cereus strain F was assessed as a nonpathogenic bacterium by evaluation of its pathogenicity. A S. enterica model is described in mice after per oral inoculation and serves as a model for the human carrier state. Using this model, probiotic activity by the bacterial strain isolated from the ancient permafrost has been shown against Salmonella infection in mice.

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