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1.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535342

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the training and use of auditory perceptual evaluation of the voice reported by Colombian speech-language pathologists. Study Design: Cross-sectional observational research with a quantitative approach. Methods: A digital questionnaire was designed and distributed to gather information regarding professionals' training process and implementation of auditory-perceptual evaluation procedures. Descriptive statistics were applied, and several generalized linear models were adjusted to determine the influence of certain variables on others. Results: The survey received responses from 40 speech-language pathologists, revealing that the most used scales for training and evaluating vocal quality within this group are direct magnitude estimations (82.5% and 77.5%). Similarly, in this group, the tasks most frequently used to train and use as an evaluation strategy are vowel assessments (38%) followed by spontaneous speech (30%). Practitioners of this group were mostly trained using a conceptual framework involving multiple exposures to rating (42.5%). The use of direct magnitude estimation in training with a normal voice showed significance (p = 0.015), as did the use of the vowel /i/ in training with an equal-appearing interval (p = 0.013). The statistical models relating the scale used to the scale on which participants were trained were also significant (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The GRBAS scale is the training tool most used by the group of speech-language pathologists of the study group in Colombia. Future efforts should focus on improving training practices for auditory-perceptual evaluation, exploring alternative conceptual frameworks, and incorporating external references to enhance validity and reliability.


Objetivo: Explorar los reportes de fonoaudiólogos colombianos acerca del entrenamiento y uso de la evaluación perceptual auditiva de la voz. Diseño de estudio: Se eligió un diseño de investigación observacional transversal con un enfoque cuantitativo. Metodología: Se diseñó y distribuyó un cuestionario digital para recopilar información sobre el proceso de formación de los profesionales y la implementación de procedimientos de evaluación perceptual auditiva. Se aplicaron estadísticas descriptivas y se ajustaron varios modelos lineales generalizados para determinar la influencia de ciertas variables en otras. Resultados: La encuesta recibió respuestas de 40 fonoaudiólogos, revelando que las escalas más utilizadas para la formación y la evaluación de la calidad vocal en el grupo son las estimaciones de magnitud directa (82.5% y 77.5%). Del mismo modo, en este grupo las tareas más frecuentemente utilizadas para la formación y el uso como estrategia de evaluación son las vocales (38%), seguidas por el habla espontánea (30%). La mayoría de los profesionales del grupo fueron formados utilizando un marco conceptual que involucra múltiples exposiciones a la calificación (42.5%). El uso de la estimación de magnitud directa en la formación con una voz normal mostró significancia (p = 0.015), al igual que el uso de la vocal /i/ en la formación con intervalos de igual apariencia (p = 0.013). Los modelos estadísticos que relacionan la escala utilizada con la escala en la que los participantes fueron entrenados también fueron significativos (p < 0.05). Conclusiones: La escala GRBAS es la herramienta de formación más utilizada por el grupo de fonoaudiólogos del estudio. Los esfuerzos futuros deberían centrarse en mejorar las prácticas de formación para la evaluación perceptual auditiva, explorar marcos conceptuales alternativos e incorporar referencias externas para mejorar la validez y la confiabilidad.

2.
Indian J Psychol Med ; 46(2): 119-124, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725715

RESUMO

Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurobehavioral disorder among children, with an estimated prevalence of 1.3 per 1000 in India. The nationwide lockdown imposed due to the COVID-19 pandemic has led to the closure of schools for an indefinite period. After the reopening of schools, the lockdown period was feared to have caused a deterioration in symptoms of existing mental health conditions among school-going children. This field study aimed to probe the association of school closures due to lockdown with any change in symptoms of ADHD in aged 6-15 years in the largest tertiary care hospital in Kolkata. Methods: A longitudinal observational study was conducted involving 34 prediagnosed ADHD patients attending the Clinical Psychology outpatient department (OPD) of a tertiary hospital for follow-up. Data was collected by face-to-face interviews with the patients' parents using a predesigned, pretested structured study schedule. Conners' Parent Rating Scale (CPRS) was used to assess the ADHD symptoms. Results: Twenty-three (67.65%) patients were observed to have worsened ADHD symptoms after lockdown. Significant worsening was observed in the ADHD indicator and the mood disorder indicator. Significant contributing factors were rural residence, nuclear family, non-attendance at school, and knowledge inadequacy among parents. Conclusion: There was a significant worsening of symptoms of ADHD owing to the school closure due to the lockdown.

3.
Front Psychiatry ; 15: 1240357, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742131

RESUMO

Anxiety is common in neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD). The parent version of the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS-P) is a widely used measure to assess anxiety across a broad range of childhood populations. However, assessment of the measurement properties of the SCAS-P in NDDs have been limited. The present study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the SCAS-P in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using Rasch Measurement Theory. Data from the Province of Ontario Neurodevelopmental Disorders Network Registry were used in the analysis. Children (ages 6-13 years old) with a primary diagnosis of ADHD (n=146) or ASD (n=104) were administered the SCAS-P. Rasch Measurement Theory was used to assess measurement properties of the SCAS-P, including unidimensionality and item-level fit, category ordering, item targeting, person separation index and reliability and differential item functioning. The SCAS-P fit well to the Rasch model in both ADHD and ASD, including unidimensionality, satisfactory category ordering and goodness-of-fit. However, item-person measures showed poor precision at lower levels of anxiety. Some items showed differential item functioning, including items within the obsessive-compulsive, panic/agoraphobia and physical injury fears domains, suggesting that the presentation of anxiety may differ between ADHD and ASD. Overall, the results generally support the use of the SCAS-P to screen and monitor anxiety symptoms in children with ADHD and ASD. Future studies would benefit from examination of more severely anxious NDD cohort, including those with clinically diagnosed anxiety.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719577

RESUMO

Chemonucleolysis utilizing condoliase is a minimally invasive treatment for lumbar disc herniation (LDH) aimed at reducing intervertebral disc pressure and enhancing symptoms. In this study, lower limb pain was measured using the numeric rating scale (NRS) the day after treatment and 1 and 3 months after treatment. Prognostic factors were assessed, categorizing participants into an improvement group (I-group) for NRS lower limb pain scores of ≥3.5 and a non-improvement group (N-group) for scores of <3.5. This study included a total of 225 patients treated between April 2020 and March 2023. The mean age was 46.5 ± 16.5 years, with 151 males. The mean duration of illness was 6.2 ± 8.52 months. As of the day after treatment, 60 cases were classified into the I-group, 118 cases at 1 month after surgery, and 152 cases at 3 months after surgery. The disease duration before treatment was significantly shorter in the I-group at 1 (8.19 ± 8.74 [I-group] vs. 5.17 ± 8.04 [N-group] months) and 3 months (8.51 [I-group] ± 7.35 vs. 5.69 ± 8.87[N-group] months) after treatment. The comparison of baseline leg pain NRS shows a difference in leg pain NRS in the I-group when compared on the day after treatment (6.02 ± 2.64 [I-group] vs. 7.50 ± 1.79 [N-group]), 1 (5.13 ± 2.69 [I-group] vs. 7.58 ± 1.66 [N-group]), and 3 months (4.42 ± 2.70 [I-group] vs. 7.34 ± 1.77 [N-group]). Chemonucleolysis using condoliase for LDH can improve symptoms the day after treatment and can be a minimally invasive treatment to avoid surgery.

5.
Behav Res Methods ; 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710987

RESUMO

Rating scales are susceptible to response styles that undermine the scale quality. Optimizing a rating scale can tailor it to individuals' cognitive abilities, thereby preventing the occurrence of response styles related to a suboptimal response format. However, the discrimination ability of individuals in a sample may vary, suggesting that different rating scales may be appropriate for different individuals. This study aims to examine (1) whether response styles can be avoided when individuals are allowed to choose a rating scale and (2) whether the psychometric properties of self-chosen rating scales improve compared to given rating scales. To address these objectives, data from the flourishing scale were used as an illustrative example. MTurk workers from Amazon's Mechanical Turk platform (N = 7042) completed an eight-item flourishing scale twice: (1) using a randomly assigned four-, six-, or 11-point rating scale, and (2) using a self-chosen rating scale. Applying the restrictive mixed generalized partial credit model (rmGPCM) allowed examination of category use across the conditions. Correlations with external variables were calculated to assess the effects of the rating scales on criterion validity. The results revealed consistent use of self-chosen rating scales, with approximately equal proportions of the three response styles. Ordinary response behavior was observed in 55-58% of individuals, which was an increase of 12-15% compared to assigned rating scales. The self-chosen rating scales also exhibited superior psychometric properties. The implications of these findings are discussed.

6.
Muscle Nerve ; 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38712849

RESUMO

The amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) functional rating scale-revised (ALSFRS-R) has become the most widely utilized measure of disease severity in patients with ALS, with change in ALSFRS-R from baseline being a trusted primary outcome measure in ALS clinical trials. This is despite the scale having several established limitations, and although alternative scales have been proposed, it is unlikely that these will displace ALSFRS-R in the foreseeable future. Here, we discuss the merits of delta FS (ΔFS), the slope or rate of ALSFRS-R decline over time, as a relevant tool for innovative ALS study design, with an as yet untapped potential for optimization of drug effectiveness and patient management. In our view, categorization of the ALS population via the clinical determinant of post-onset ΔFS is an important study design consideration. It serves not only as a critical stratification factor and basis for patient enrichment but also as a tool to explore differences in treatment response across the overall population; thereby, facilitating identification of responder subgroups. Moreover, because post-onset ΔFS is derived from information routinely collected as part of standard patient care and monitoring, it provides a suitable patient selection tool for treating physicians. Overall, post-onset ΔFS is a very attractive enrichment tool that is, can and should be regularly incorporated into ALS trial design.

7.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1384198, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720780

RESUMO

Introduction: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a recurrent and disabling psychiatric disorder related to low-grade peripheral inflammation and altered levels of the members of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) family. The aim of this study was to evaluate the plasma levels of IGF-2, insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 1 (IGFBP-1), IGFBP-3, IGFBP-5, IGFBP-7, and inflammatory markers such as tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), and macrophage inflammatory protein 1ß (MIP-1ß). Methods: We used the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) to determine the severity of the symptomatology, while proteins were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). We included 20 patients with BD who suffered a manic episode and 20 controls. Some BD patients (n = 10) were evaluated after a period (17 ± 8 days) of pharmacological treatment. Results: No statistical difference was found in IGF-2, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-7, TNF-α, and MIP-1ß levels. However, IGFBP-3 and IGFBP-5 levels were found to be statistically decreased in BD patients. Conversely, the MCP-1 level was significantly increased in BD patients, but their levels were normalized after treatment. Intriguingly, only IGFBP-1 levels were significantly decreased after treatment. No significant correlation was found between the YMRS and any of the proteins studied either before or after treatment or between IGF proteins and inflammatory markers. Discussion: To some extent, IGFBP-3 and IGFBP-5 might be further explored as potential indicators of treatment responsiveness or diagnosis biomarkers in BD.

8.
Indian J Psychol Med ; 46(3): 268-269, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699770

RESUMO

Research outcomes in mental health disciplines are usually assessed using rating instruments that were developed as English language versions. However, in countries such as India, English is not the native language, and patients at even a single research center may speak in different regional tongues. It is permissible to assess such patients using rater-administered English language instruments designed to be scored after an unstructured interview conducted in the patient's preferred language. For many reasons, related to reliability and validity, it is not permissible to assess such patients in their preferred language by translating, impromptu, from English language versions of instruments that were designed to be self-administered or administered as a structured interview. In such situations, standardized, local language versions of the instruments should be used; that is, local language versions with established reliability and validity.

9.
PeerJ ; 12: e17158, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711624

RESUMO

Background: Rating of perceived exertion (RPE) is considered a valid method for prescribing prolonged aerobic steady-state exercise (SSE) intensity due to its association with physiological indicators of exercise intensity, such as oxygen uptake (V̇O2) or heart rate (HR). However, these associations between psychological and physiological indicators of exercise intensity were found during graded exercise tests (GXT) but are currently used to prescribe SSE intensity even though the transferability and validity of the relationships found during GXT to SSE were not investigated. The present study aims to verify whether (a) RPE-HR or RPE-V̇O2 relations found during GXTs are valid during SSEs, and (b) the duration and intensity of SSE affect these relations. Methods: Eight healthy and physically active males (age 22.6 ± 1.2 years) were enrolled. On the first visit, pre-exercise (during 20 min standing) and maximal (during a GXT) HR and V̇O2 values were measured. Then, on separate days, participants performed 4 SSEs on the treadmill by running at 60% and 80% of the HR reserve (HRR) for 15 and 45 min (random order). Individual linear regressions between GXTs' RPE (dependent variable) and HRR and V̇O2 reserve (V̇O2R) values (computed as the difference between maximal and pre-exercise values) were used to predict the RPE associated with %HRR (RPEHRR) and %V̇O2R (RPEV̇O2R) during the SSEs. For each relation (RPE-%HRR and RPE-%V̇O2R), a three-way factorial repeated measures ANOVA (α = 0.05) was used to assess if RPE (dependent variable) was affected by exercise modality (i.e., RPE recorded during SSE [RPESSE] or GXT-predicted), duration (i.e., 15 or 45 min), and intensity (i.e., 60% or 80% of HRR). Results: The differences between RPESSE and GXT-predicted RPE, which were assessed by evaluating the effect of modality and its interactions with SSE intensity and duration, showed no significant differences between RPESSE and RPEHRR. However, when RPESSE was compared with RPEV̇O2R, although modality or its interactions with intensity were not significant, there was a significant (p = 0.020) interaction effect of modality and duration yielding a dissociation between changes of RPESSE and RPEV̇O2R over time. Indeed, RPESSE did not change significantly (p = 0.054) from SSE of 15 min (12.1 ± 2.0) to SSE of 45 min (13.5 ± 2.1), with a mean change of 1.4 ± 1.8, whereas RPEV̇O2R decreased significantly (p = 0.022) from SSE of 15 min (13.7 ± 3.2) to SSE of 45 min (12.4 ± 2.8), with a mean change of -1.3 ± 1.5. Conclusion: The transferability of the individual relationships between RPE and physiological parameters found during GXT to SSE should not be assumed as shown by the results of this study. Therefore, future studies modelling how the exercise prescription method used (e.g., RPE, HR, or V̇O2) and SSE characteristics (e.g., exercise intensity, duration, or modality) affect the relationships between RPE and physiological parameters are warranted.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Exercício Físico , Frequência Cardíaca , Consumo de Oxigênio , Esforço Físico , Humanos , Masculino , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Esforço Físico/fisiologia , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Adulto , Percepção/fisiologia
10.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(9)2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732868

RESUMO

This paper presents the design, development, and validation of a novel e-textile leg sleeve for non-invasive Surface Electromyography (sEMG) monitoring. This wearable device incorporates e-textile sensors for sEMG signal acquisition from the lower limb muscles, specifically the anterior tibialis and lateral gastrocnemius. Validation was conducted by performing a comparative study with eleven healthy volunteers to evaluate the performance of the e-textile sleeve in acquiring sEMG signals compared to traditional Ag/AgCl electrodes. The results demonstrated strong agreement between the e-textile and conventional methods in measuring descriptive metrics of the signals, including area, power, mean, and root mean square. The paired data t-test did not reveal any statistically significant differences, and the Bland-Altman analysis indicated negligible bias between the measures recorded using the two methods. In addition, this study evaluated the wearability and comfort of the e-textile sleeve using the Comfort Rating Scale (CRS). Overall, the scores confirmed that the proposed device is highly wearable and comfortable, highlighting its suitability for everyday use in patient care.


Assuntos
Eletrodos , Eletromiografia , Têxteis , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos , Eletromiografia/métodos , Eletromiografia/instrumentação , Masculino , Adulto , Feminino , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Perna (Membro)/fisiologia
11.
J Clin Sleep Med ; 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38738598

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: An estimated 3% of the population suffers from clinically significant restless legs syndrome. Given the limited pharmacological options in the arsenal, there is a need for a therapeutic agent with a better side effect profile. METHODS: Twelve treatment naïve adults (10 women and 2 men with a median age of 41.5 [32-48.5] years) with primary RLS were recruited in our open-label pilot study; magnesium citrate 200 mg was administered daily for eight weeks. Serum magnesium levels, IRLS, Kohnen QOL scale, and multiple suggested immobilization tests were performed before and after supplementation. Paired t-tests and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests were used for data analysis. Pearson and Spearman's analyses assessed the association between magnesium levels and RLS variables. RESULTS: Participants had a significant reduction in IRLS scores (- 6.67 [2.33-11] p=0.006) and improved Kohnen QOL scores (-8.5 [2.09-14], p=0.014) without notable differences in serum magnesium levels (p=0.3). Average PLMW across all SIT trials (30.40 [5.20, 122.40] to 8.63 [0.32, 17.47] p=0.043) and subjective measures on mSIT also demonstrated improvement. Serum magnesium levels negatively correlated with m-SIT self-reported scores and the PLMW indices. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the limitations of open-label design, our study's positive results indicate the need for a placebo-controlled trial with a larger sample size. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov (NCT04462796).

13.
Sports (Basel) ; 12(4)2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38668576

RESUMO

This investigation aimed to examine the effect of verbal encouragement teacher to student (VETS) versus verbal encouragement student to student (VESS) on physical performance and affective responses during different modalities of sprint tests in active male students. In a randomized crossover design, twenty-two male sport science students (age: 21 ± 1.2 years, body height: 1.77 ± 0.3 m, body mass: 76.6 ± 2.1 kg, BMI: 22.9 ± 1.3 kg·m-2) performed linear and change-of-direction sprint tests under one of three conditions: (1) VETS; (2) VETS; (3) no verbal encouragement. In each condition, participants performed the 20 m sprint test, the 10 × 2 sprint test, and the L sprint test. The assessed parameters comprised physical performance, rating of perceived exertion (RPE), and a feeling scale. Post hoc test analysis indicates a significant increase in physical performance during VETS and VESS conditions compared to the control condition due to a decrease in sprint in line 20 m (VETS: p < 0.001, d = 0.55; VESS: p = 0.016, d = 0.41), sprint 10*2 (VETS: p < 0.001, d = 0.64; VESS: p = 0.05, d = 0.36), and sprint L (VETS: p = 0.001, d = 1.19) times compared to the control condition. Moreover, the feeling score was greater after VETS compared to other conditions (p = [<0.001-0.001], d = [0.77-1.18]). In addition, the RPE had no effect on sprint performance between the different conditions. It is indicated that VETS, rather than VESS, is a more significant and effective way to increase effort intensity and positive feelings during sprinting modalities.

14.
Toxins (Basel) ; 16(4)2024 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38668597

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The rehabilitation medical team is responsible for the therapeutic management of post-stroke patients and, therefore, for the complex therapeutic approach of spasticity. Considering the generous arsenal at our disposal in terms of both pharmacological treatment, through the possibility of administering botulinum toxin to combat spasticity, and in terms of accurate assessment through developed functional scales such as the GAS (Goal Attainment Scale), one of our purposes is to monitor the parameters that influence the achievement of functional goals set by patients together with the medical team in order to render the patients as close as possible to achieving their proposed functional goals, thus enhancing their quality of life. By assessing and establishing statistical and clinical correlations between the GAS and quantifiable parameters related to the affected post-stroke upper limb, namely degree of spasticity, motor control, pain level and evolution of pain under treatment with BoNT-A (abobotulinum toxin A), and patients' overall response to BoNT-A treatment, we aim to quantify the improvement of the therapeutic management of post-stroke patients with spasticity and develop a more personalized and effective approach to their disability and impairment. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS: The analysis concluded that there were two independent predictors of the Achieved GAS-T score (the study's endpoint parameter) motor control at any level of the upper limb and number of prior BoNT-A injections. The number of prior BoNT-A injections was an independent predictor of Achieved GAS-T score improvement but had no significant influence over Baseline GAS-T score. Enhancement in proximal and intermediate motor control showed a GAS score improvement of 3.3 points and a 0.93-point GAS score improvement for wrist motor control progress. From a separate viewpoint, patients with motor deficit on the left side have shown significantly greater improvement in Changed GAS-T scores by 2.5 points compared to patients with deficits on the right side; however, we note as a study limitation the fact that there was no statistical analysis over the dominant cerebral hemisphere of each patient. CONCLUSIONS: Improvement in the Achieved GAS-T score means better achievement of patients' goals. Thus, after the BoNT- A intervention, at follow-up evaluation, GAS was found to be directly correlated with improvement in motor control of the affected upper limb. Mobility of the corresponding limb was enhanced by pain decrease during p-ROM (passive range of motion) and by amelioration of spasticity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted an observational, non-randomized clinical study on 52 stroke patients, a representative sample of patients with post-stroke spasticity and disability from our neurological rehabilitation clinic, who have been treated and undergone a specific rehabilitation program in our tertiary diagnostic and treatment medical center, including BoNT-A focal treatment for spasticity in the affected upper limb. The primary objective of the study was to assess the influence of abobotulinum toxin A treatment on the Goal Attainment Scale. Secondary objectives of the study included the assessment of BoNT-A treatment efficacy on spasticity with the MAS (Modified Ashworth Scale), pain with the NRS (Numerical Rating Scale), and joint passive range of motion (p-ROM), identifying demographic, clinical, and pharmacological factors that influence the response to BoNT-A treatment, as well as to conduct a descriptive and exploratory analysis of the studied variables.


Assuntos
Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A , Espasticidade Muscular , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Espasticidade Muscular/tratamento farmacológico , Espasticidade Muscular/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Masculino , Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/métodos , Idoso , Resultado do Tratamento , Fármacos Neuromusculares/uso terapêutico , Extremidade Superior , Objetivos , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto
15.
Cureus ; 16(3): e56857, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38659549

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Manic depressive psychosis (MDP) or bipolar disorder, a prevalent psychiatric condition globally and in the Indian population, has been attributed to various pathological mechanisms. Hydrogen sulphide (H2S), a member of the gasotransmitter family, may be linked to the development of bipolar disorder because it plays a crucial role in maintaining proper neuronal function in terms of excitability, plasticity, and homeostatic functions. There is very little data regarding the role of the gasotransmitter H2S in MDP in terms of its association, diagnostic ability, and severity prediction, which led us to conduct this study among MDP patients in the Sub-Himalayan region of West Bengal. METHODS: This was an observational case-control study performed in the Department of Biochemistry, North Bengal Medical College and Hospital, Siliguri, West Bengal, India, from January 2022 to December 2022. Fifty diagnosed MDP patients and 50 healthy age- and sex-matched control subjects satisfying the inclusion and exclusion criteria were studied. The H2S level in the blood was assayed using the standardised spectrophotometric methylene blue method. The severity of depression was assessed by Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) scoring. RESULTS: Of the 50 MDP patients, 45 (90%) were in the depressive phase, and five (10%) were in the manic phase. Of the 45 depressive patients, eight (17.8%) had mild depression, 12 (26.7%) had moderate depression, 19 (42.2%) had severe depression, and six (13.3%) had very severe depression. The mean H2S level in MDP patients (41.98±18.88 µmol/l) was significantly (P<0.05) lower than that in control subjects (99.20± 15.20 µmol/l). It was also observed that the mean H2S level in MDP patients decreased with the duration of the disease but was not statistically significant. The mean H2S levels in the different depression severity groups were found to be significantly different (P<0.001). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis revealed that a cut-off value of H2S <78.5 µmol/l was associated with MDP, with a sensitivity of 96% and a specificity of 88%, and a cut-off value of H2S < 53 µmol/l predicted the severity of depression with a sensitivity of 89.3% and a specificity of 76.5%. CONCLUSION: The significant association of the gasotransmitter H2S in MDP patients and its role as a diagnostic and severity predictive marker can help us to employ proper measures for better management of MDP and improving quality of life.

16.
Assessment ; : 10731911241245792, 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38655743

RESUMO

The hypothesis implicit in the rating scale design is that the categories reflect increasing levels of the latent variable. Rasch models for ordered polytomous items include parameters, called thresholds, that allow for empirically testing this hypothesis. Failure of the thresholds to advance monotonically with the categories (a condition that is referred to as "threshold disordering") provides evidence that the rating scale is not functioning as intended. This work focuses on scales consisting of rather large numbers of categories, whose use is often recommended in the literature. Threshold disordering is observed in both an extended 8-point scale specially developed for the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and the original 10-point scale of the Behavioral Religiosity Scale. The results of this work prompt practitioners not to take the functioning of the rating scale for granted, but to verify it empirically.

17.
BMC Neurol ; 24(1): 133, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38641780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The German Rivermead Post-Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire (RPQ) can be used to assess post-concussion symptoms (PCS) after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in adults, adolescents, and children. METHODS: In this study, we examined the psychometric properties of the German RPQ proxy version (N = 146) for children (8-12 years) after TBI at the item, total and scale score level. Construct validity was analyzed using rank correlations with the proxy-assessed Post-Concussion Symptoms Inventory (PCSI-P), the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9), and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale 7 (GAD-7). Furthermore, sensitivity testing was performed concerning subjects' sociodemographic and injury-related characteristics. Differential item functioning (DIF) was analyzed to assess the comparability of RPQ proxy ratings for children with those for adolescents. RESULTS: Good internal consistency was demonstrated regarding Cronbach's α (0.81-0.90) and McDonald's ω (0.84-0.92). The factorial validity of a three-factor model was superior to the original one-factor model. Proxy ratings of the RPQ total and scale scores were strongly correlated with the PCSI-P (ϱ = 0.50-0.69), as well as moderately to strongly correlated with the PHQ-9 (ϱ = 0.49-0.65) and the GAD-7 (ϱ = 0.44-0.64). The DIF analysis revealed no relevant differences between the child and adolescent proxy versions. CONCLUSIONS: The German RPQ proxy is a psychometrically reliable and valid instrument for assessing PCS in children after TBI. Therefore, RPQ self- and proxy-ratings can be used to assess PCS in childhood as well as along the lifespan of an individual after TBI.


Assuntos
Concussão Encefálica , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Síndrome Pós-Concussão , Adulto , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Síndrome Pós-Concussão/diagnóstico , Síndrome Pós-Concussão/epidemiologia , Concussão Encefálica/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/diagnóstico , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/epidemiologia , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente
18.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1340182, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38646561

RESUMO

Background: Anxiety is common in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), especially in older patients with the definition of age over 60 years old. Few studies have focused on anxiety in older COPD patients. This study aimed to analyze the risk factors of anxiety in older COPD patients and the impacts of anxiety on future acute exacerbation. Methods: The general information, questionnaire data, previous acute exacerbation and pulmonary function were collected. Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA) was used to evaluate the anxiety of older COPD patients. The patients were followed up for one year, the number and the degrees of acute exacerbations of COPD were recorded. Results: A total of 424 older COPD patients were included in the analysis. 19.81% (N = 84) had anxiety symptoms, and 80.19% (N = 340) had no anxiety symptoms. There were increased pack-years, more comorbidities, and more previous acute exacerbations in older COPD patients with anxiety compared to those without anxiety (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, a higher modified Medical Research Council (mMRC), a higher COPD assessment test (CAT) score and a shorter six-minute walking distance (6MWD) were found in older COPD patients with anxiety (P < 0.05). The BODE index, mMRC, CAT score, comorbidities and acute exacerbations were associated with anxiety. Eventually, anxiety will increase the risk of future acute exacerbation in older COPD patients (OR = 4.250, 95% CI: 2.369-7.626). Conclusion: Older COPD patients with anxiety had worsening symptoms, more comorbidities and frequent acute exacerbation. Meanwhile, anxiety may increase the risk of acute exacerbation in the future. Therefore, interventions should be provided to reduce the risk of anxiety in older COPD patients at an early stage.

19.
Risk Manag Healthc Policy ; 17: 883-901, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623577

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this article is to investigate the relationship between the structural empowerment of first-line health managers and health facility performance, examining the mediating roles of resilience and social climate in shaping the ratings of Slovak hospitals. Additionally, we aim to investigate the deeper mechanisms of this relationship, particularly the impact of resilience and the social climate, which can positively influence it. Materials and Methods: The data collection was conducted through a questionnaire survey in February 2022. Respondents included 540 healthcare managers at the first level of management from 44 Slovak hospitals, all of which were part of the evaluation by the Institute for Economic and Social Reforms (INEKO). The analysis involved the use of the PLS-SEM method to examine the relationships between variables and assess direct and indirect effects, utilizing SmartPLS 3.3 software. Results: The findings reveal a positive association between the structural empowerment of first-level managers and the ranking of health facilities. The hypotheses regarding the mediation of both variables - First-Level Managers' (FLMs) resilience and social climate - are supported, whether considered separately or jointly. In the case of joint mediation, a significant portion of the indirect effect is conveyed through FLMs' resilience, suggesting a potential avenue of support from hospital management to enhance health facility ratings. Conclusion: Structural empowerment of first-line managers establishes the conditions for improving the ratings of health facilities. The total effect is significantly more pronounced in promoting their resilience and fostering a supportive social climate.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38645570

RESUMO

Objective: Replicated evidence shows a weak or non-significant correlation between different methods of evaluating executive functions (EF). The current study investigates the association between rating scales and cognitive tests of EF in a sample of children with ADHD and executive dysfunction. Method: The sample included 139 children (aged 6-13) diagnosed with ADHD and executive dysfunctions. The children completed subtests of the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB). Parents completed the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) and the Children's Organizational Skills Scale (COSS). Analysis: Pairwise Spearman correlations were calculated between the composite and separate subscales of cognitive tests and rating scales. In secondary analyses, pairwise Spearman correlations were conducted between all composite scales and subscales, stratified by child sex and child ADHD subtype. Results: The correlation analyses between composite scores yielded no significant correlations. The results when comparing CANTAB TO and BRIEF GE are r=-.095, p=.289, and r=.042, p=.643 when comparing CANTAB TO and COSS TO. The analyses between all composite scales and subscales found one significant negative correlation (r=-.25, p<.01). There are significant cross-method differences when stratified by the ADHD-Inattentive subtype, showing significant negative correlations (moderate) between CANTAB and BRIEF composite (r=-.355, p=.014) and subscales. Discussion: It is possible that the different methods measure different underlying constructs of EF. It may be relevant to consider the effects of responder bias and differences in ecological validity in both measurement methods. Conclusion: The results found no significant correlations. The expectation in research and clinical settings should not be to find the same results when comparing data from cognitive tests and rating scales. Future research might explore novel approaches to EF testing with a higher level of ecological validity, and designing EF rating scales that capture EF behaviors more so than EF cognition.

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