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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 23(4): 645-683, jul. 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538073

RESUMO

Information on the knowledge and ways of using food and medicinal plants by traditional populations, family farmers and Brazilian native population in the Amazon is essential to guarantee the food sovereignty of these groups. This study was conducted using semi-structured interviews applied to local respondents. A total of 269 species of both non-conventional food plants and medicinal plants were identified, distributed in 83 botanical families and 198 genera. The Arecaceae and Lamiaceae families had the highest species richness (11 and 7, respectively). The Shannon-Wiener (H') and Pielou (J') diversity indices were considered high (5.02 and 0.9, respectively) when compared to other ethnobotanical works. In the environment in which these families are found, these species become the only food and medicinal resources available.


La información sobre los saberes y formas de uso de las plantas alimenticias y medicinales por parte de las poblaciones tradicionales, agricultores familiares e indígenas brasileños en la Amazonía es fundamental para garantizar la soberanía alimentaria de estos grupos. Este estudio se realizó utilizando entrevistas semiestructuradas aplicadas a encuestados locales. Se identificaron un total de 269 especies tanto de plantas alimenticiasno convencionales como de plantas medicinales, distribuidas en 83 familias botánicas y 198 géneros. Las familias Arecaceae y Lamiaceae tuvieron la mayor riqueza de especies (11 y 7, respectivamente). Los índices de diversidad de Shannon-Wiener (H') y Pielou (J') fueron considerados altos (5,02 y 0,9, respectivamente) en comparación con otros trabajos etnobotánicos. En el ambiente en que se encuentran estas familias, estas especies se convierten en los únicos recursos alimenticios y medicinales disponibles.


Assuntos
Plantas Comestíveis , Plantas Medicinais , Etnobotânica , Brasil , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (46): 58440, Jan.-Jun. 2024. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1550243

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução: A Cultura de Segurança do Paciente é considerada um importante componente estrutural dos serviços, que favorece a implantação de práticas seguras e a diminuição da ocorrência de eventos adversos. Objetivo: Identificar os fatores associados à cultura de segurança do paciente nas unidades de terapia intensiva adulto em hospitais de grande porte da região Sudeste do Brasil. Método: Estudo transversal do tipo survey e multicêntrico. Participaram 168 profissionais de saúde de quatro unidades (A, B, C e D) de terapia intensiva adulto. Foi utilizado o questionário "Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture". Considerou-se como variável dependente o nível de cultura de segurança do paciente e variáveis independentes aspectos sociodemográficos e laborais. Foram usadas estatísticas descritivas e para a análise dos fatores associados foi elaborado um modelo de regressão logística múltipla. Resultados: Identificou-se associação entre tipo de hospital com onze dimensões da cultura de segurança, quanto à função a categoria profissional médico, técnico de enfermagem e enfermeiro foram relacionadas com três dimensões; o gênero com duas dimensões e tempo de atuação no setor com uma dimensão. Conclusão: Evidenciou-se que o tipo de hospital, categoria profissional, tempo de atuação no setor e gênero foram associados às dimensões de cultura de segurança do paciente.


Resumen Introducción: La cultura de seguridad del paciente se considera un componente estructural importante de los servicios, que favorece la aplicación de prácticas seguras y la reducción de la aparición de acontecimientos adversos. Objetivo: Identificar los factores asociados a la cultura de seguridad del paciente en unidades de terapia intensiva adulto en hospitales de la región Sudeste del Brasil. Metodología: Estudio transversal de tipo encuesta y multicéntrico. Participaron 168 profesionales de salud de cuatro unidades (A, B, C y D) de terapia intensiva adulto. Se utilizó el cuestionario "Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture". Se consideró como variable dependiente el nivel de cultura de seguridad del paciente y variables independientes los aspectos sociodemográficos y laborales. Fueron usadas estadísticas descriptivas y, para analizar los factores asociados, fue elaborado un modelo de regresión logística múltiple. Resultados: Se identificó asociación entre tipo de hospital con once dimensiones de cultura de seguridad del paciente. En relación a la función, personal médico, técnicos de enfermería y personal de enfermería fueron asociados con tres dimensiones, el género con dos dimensiones y tiempo de actuación con una dimensión en el modelo de regresión. Conclusión: Se evidenció que el tipo de hospital, función, tiempo de actuación en el sector y género fueron asociados a las dimensiones de la cultura de seguridad del paciente.


Abstract Introduction: Patient safety culture is considered an important structural component of the services, which promotes the implementation of safe practices and the reduction of adverse events. Objective: To identify the factors associated with patient safety culture in adult intensive care units in large hospitals in Belo Horizonte. Method: Cross-sectional survey and multicenter study. A total of 168 health professionals from four units (A, B, C and D) of adult intensive care participated. The questionnaire "Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture" was used. The patient's level of safety culture was considered as a dependent variable, and sociodemographic and labor aspects were the independent variables. Descriptive statistics were used and a multiple logistic regression model was developed to analyze the associated factors. Results: An association was identified between the type of hospital and eleven dimensions of the safety culture. In terms of function, the doctors, nursing technicians, and nurse were related to three dimensions; gender with two dimensions, and time working in the sector with one dimension. Conclusion: It was evidenced that the type of hospital, function, time working in the sector, and gender were associated with the dimensions of patient safety culture.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Segurança do Paciente , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Brasil , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/normas
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701894

RESUMO

The continuous development of medicine in most fields requires physicians to apply the latest methods and technology to ensure patients' safety. In the field of anesthesiology we are pioneers in the application of measures that guarantee the security of our patients, making possible the greatest reduction in mortality seen among all other specialties. This objective has been achieved thanks to the introduction of changes such as the one presented in this review article. The specific NRFit® connections for neuraxial and other regional anesthesia applications prevent wrong route medication errors to occur. These medication errors have been related to a high morbidity and mortality rate. This article reviews this new technology based in our own two-year experience at Hospital Universitario Príncipe de Asturias (Alcalá de Henares, Madrid) as well as a literature review using PubMed, UpToDate and ClinicalKey.

4.
Conserv Biol ; : e14276, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721859

RESUMO

Restoring ecosystems is an imperative for addressing biodiversity loss and climate change, and achieving the targets of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework. One form of restoration, rewilding, may have particular promise but may also be precluded by requirements for other forms of land use now or in the future. This opportunity space is critical but challenging to assess. We explored the potential area available for rewilding in Great Britain until the year 2080 with a multisectoral land-use model with several distinct climatic and socioeconomic scenarios. By 2080, areas from 5000 to 7000 km2 were either unmanaged or managed in ways that could be consistent with rewilding across scenarios without conflicting with the provision of ecosystem services. Beyond these areas, another 24,000-42,000 km2 of extensive upland management could provide additional areas for rewilding if current patterns of implementation hold in the future. None of these areas, however, coincided reliably with ecosystems of priority for conservation: peatlands, ancient woodlands, or wetlands. Repeatedly, these ecosystems were found to be vulnerable to conversion. Our results are not based on an assumption of support for or benefits from rewilding and do not account for disadvantages, such as potential losses of cultural landscapes or traditional forms of management, that were beyond the modeled ecosystem services. Nevertheless, potential areas for rewilding emerge in a variety of ways, from intensification elsewhere having a substantial but inadvertent land-sparing effect, popular demand for environmental restoration, or a desire for exclusive recreation among the wealthy elite. Our findings therefore imply substantial opportunities for rewilding in the United Kingdom but also a need for interventions to shape the nature and extent of that rewilding to maintain priority conservation areas and societal objectives.


Una evaluación del potencial futuro de la resilvestración en el Reino Unido Resumen La restauración de ecosistemas es urgente para abordar la pérdida de biodiversidad y el cambio climático, así como para lograr los objetivos del Marco Mundial de Biodiversidad de Kunming­Montreal. Un método de restauración, la resilvestración, puede ser particularmente prometedor, aunque también puede ser excluido por los requerimientos para otras formas de uso de suelo actuales o en el futuro. Este espacio de oportunidad es crítico, pero también un reto para evaluar. Exploramos el área potencial disponible para el resilvestrado en Gran Bretaña hasta el año 2080 con un modelo multisectorial de uso de suelo con varios escenarios climáticos y socioeconómicos. Para este año, las áreas entre 5,000 y 7,000 km2 no estaban gestionadas o lo estaban, pero de manera que podían ser consistentes con el resilvestrado de los escenarios sin conflictuar el suministro de servicios ambientales. Más allá de estas áreas, otros 24,000­42,000 km2 de gestión extensiva tierra arriba podrían proporcionar áreas adicionales para el resilvestrado si los patrones actuales de implementación siguen en pie en el futuro. Sin embargo, ninguna de estas áreas coincidió de manera confiable con los ecosistemas de prioridad para la conservación: las turberas, bosques antiguos o humedales. Estos ecosistemas aparecieron varias veces como vulnerables a la conversión. Nuestros resultados no están basados en una suposición de apoyo para o los beneficios de la resilvestración y no consideran las desventajas, como la pérdida potencial de paisajes culturales o las maneras tradicionales de manejo, que estaban fuera del alcance de los servicios ambientales modelados. Sin embargo, las áreas potenciales para el resilvestrado emergen en una variedad de formas, desde la intensificación en otros lugares con un efecto de ahorro de tierras sustancial pero inadvertido, la demanda popular por la restauración ambiental o el deseo de una recreación exclusiva entre la elite acaudalada. Por lo tanto, nuestros descubrimientos implican una oportunidad sustancial para la resilvestración en el Reino Unido, aunque también una necesidad de intervenciones para moldear la naturaleza y la extensión de ese resilvestrado para mantener las áreas prioritarias de conservación y los objetivos sociales.

5.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740262

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pelvic organ prolapse is a condition with high prevalence in elderly women. With increasing life expectancy and a desire for improved quality of life, a rise in the frequency of surgical treatments for these women is anticipated. The aim is to compare complication, success, and satisfaction rates among elderly patients (aged >70 years) in comparison to younger women undergoing robotic sacrocolpopexy, thereby assessing the safety and efficacy of this surgery in this group of patients. METHOD: A prospective observational comparative study of 123 robotic sacrocolpopexies conducted between December 2016 and June 2022. Patients were stratified by age (cutoff point: 70 years). Baseline characteristics, type, and grade of prolapse, intra and postoperative data, complications, functional and anatomical outcomes, and satisfaction levels were collected. RESULTS: Among the 123 patients, 62.6% were under 70 years old, while 37.4% were 70 years or older, exhibiting similar baseline characteristics, prolapse grade, and type. The percentages of intraoperative (6.5%) and postoperative complications (4.4-9%) were comparable in both age groups. Furthermore, success and satisfaction rates exceeded 90%, with no significant differences between women under and over 70 years during a two-year follow-up. CONCLUSION: Robotic sacrocolpopexy is at least as effective and safe in women aged 70 years or older as in younger individuals, with no higher rates of intra and postoperative complications and similar rates of anatomical and subjective success.

6.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 15: 1-6, maio. 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1553952

RESUMO

Objetivo: Identificar os eventos adversos no pós-operatório imediato de queiloplastia e/ou palatoplastia em crianças e comparar os eventos identificados aos notificados ao Núcleo de Segurança do Paciente. Métodos: Estudo descritivo, retrospectivo e quantitativo, realizado em um hospital público e terciário brasileiro. Os dados foram coletados por meio da descrição nos registros de enfermagem e comparados aos notificados ao Núcleo de Segurança do Paciente, referente a junho e dezembro de 2019. Os resultados foram submetidos a análise estatística descritiva. Resultados: A amostra constou de 203 crianças, das quais 51% (n=103) apresentaram evento adverso. Foram identificados 176 eventos adversos, de 8 tipos, com prevalência da laringite pós-extubação (n=50; 28%), edema de língua (n=34; 19%) e lesão de comissura labial (n=25; 14%). Destes, apenas 5% (n=9) foram notificados ao Núcleo de Segurança do Paciente. Conclusão: Os eventos adversos prevalentes se relacionaram a cavidade oral e tecidos adjacentes, e a subnotificação foi expressiva. (AU)


Objective: To identify adverse events in the immediate postoperative period of cheiloplasty and/or palatoplasty in children and compare the identified events to those notified to the Patient Safety Center. Methods: Descriptive, retrospective and quantitative study, carried out in a Brazilian public and tertiary hospital. Data were collected through descriptions in nursing records and compared to those notified to the Patient Safety Center, referring to June and December 2019. The results were subjected to descriptive statistical analysis. Results: The sample consisted of 203 children, of which 51% (n=103) had an adverse event. A total of 176 adverse events of 8 types were identified, with prevalence of post-extubation laryngitis (n=50; 28%), tongue edema (n=34; 19%) and labral commissure lesion (n=25; 14%). Of these, only 5% (n=9) were notified to the Patient Safety Center. Conclusion: The prevalent adverse events were related to the oral cavity and adjacent tissues, and underreporting was significant. (AU)


Objetivo: Identificar eventos adversos en el postoperatorio inmediato de queiloplastia y/o palatoplastia en niños y comparar los eventos identificados con los notificados al Centro de Seguridad del Paciente. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y cuantitativo, realizado en un hospital público y terciario brasileño. Los datos se recolectaron mediante descripciones en registros de enfermería y se compararon con los notificados al Centro de Seguridad del Paciente, referidos a junio y diciembre de 2019. Los resultados fueron sometidos a análisis estadístico descriptivo. Resultados: La muestra estuvo conformada por 203 niños, de los cuales el 51% (n = 103) tuvo un evento adverso. Se identificaron un total de 176 eventos adversos de 8 tipos, con prevalencia de laringitis posextubación (n=50; 28%), edema de lengua (n=34; 19%) y lesión de la comisura del labrum (n=25; 14%). De estos, solo el 5% (n=9) fueron notificados al Centro de Seguridad del Paciente. Conclusion: Los eventos adversos prevalentes se relacionaron con la cavidad bucal y los tejidos adyacentes y el subregistro fue significativo. (AU)


Assuntos
Segurança do Paciente , Período Pós-Operatório , Anormalidades Congênitas , Criança , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos
7.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 15: 1-7, maio. 2024.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1553630

RESUMO

Objetivo: Conhecer a percepção dos enfermeiros em ambiente hospitalar sobre a implementação das tecnologias na assistência de enfermagem com foco na segurança do paciente. Métodos: Estudo descritivo, qualitativo, realizado com oito enfermeiros, responsáveis pelo gerenciamento de riscos em hospitais. Utilizou-se a técnica Snowball para eleger os participantes e a plataforma Skype para as entrevistas, realizadas no período de março a abril de 2021. Resultados: Apontou-se a utilização da tecnologia por meio do prontuário eletrônico, com a inserção de programa como o Tasy, o qual avançou para comunicação em rede, com vistas a facilitar checagens, auditorias, indicadores, gerenciamento e análise dos eventos. Desvelou-se também para a utilização do código de barras na identificação do paciente e no controle de dispensação e recebimento de medicamentos. No entanto, foram apresentadas limitações na implementação como dificuldade no manuseio das ferramentas digitais por profissionais antigos, caracterizada como resistência. Conclusão: A aplicabilidade das tecnologias na práxis da enfermagem contribui para a segurança do paciente face a favorecer o controle de eventos e o gerenciamento de riscos. Remete para a importância de capacitação e treinamentos dos profissionais para desenvolvimento de habilidades na utilização das ferramentas digitais. (AU)


Objective: Getting to know the perceptions from nurses on hospital environment about the technology implantation in the aid of patient's safety focused nursing. Methods: Descriptive, qualitative study made with eight nurses, responsible for risk management in hospitals. The Snowball technique was used to select the participants and the Skype platform used in the interviews, from March to April 2021. Results: The technology use was detected on the patient's electronic records through the Tasy program, which advanced to a net communication to facilitate checking, audits, pointers, management and event analysis. It was also detected by the use of bar codes in the identification of patients and control of medication dispensation and receiving. However, some limitations were found in the technology implementation, like elderly people having trouble using the digital tools, which is characterized by resistance. Conclusion: The technology applicability in the nursing practice contributes to the patient's safety to favor event control and risk management. It points to the importance of staff training and qualification to promote the ability of using digital tools. (AU)


Objetivo: Conocer las percepciones de las enfermeras del entorno hospitalario sobre la implementación de tecnologias enfocado en la seguridad del paciente. Métodos: Fue realizado un estudio descripctivo, cualitativo, con ocho enfermeras responsables de la gestión de riesgos en los hospitales. Se utilizó la tecnica snowball para elegir a los participantes y la plataforma skype para las entrevistas realizadas de marzo a abril de 2021. Resultados: Con el desarrollo de la tecnologia a través de historias clínicas eletrónicas, la inserción de un programa como Tasy, que avanzó a la comunicación em red, con el objetivo de facilitar verificaciones como auditorias, gestión y análisis en cualquier eventualidad. Tambien se dio a conocer para el uso de códigos de barras en la identificación de pacientes y en el control de la dispensación y recepción de medicamentos. Sin embargo, se presentaron limitaciones en la implementación, como la dificultad en el manejo de herramientas digitales por parte de algunos profesionales. Conclusión: La aplicabilidad de tecnologias en la enfermeria contribuye a la seguridad del paciente favoreciendo en el control de riesgos. Se refiere a la importancia de la calificación y formación de los profesionales, para desarrollar habilidades en el uso de herramientas digitales. (AU)


Assuntos
Tecnologia , Segurança do Paciente , Cuidados de Enfermagem
8.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 15: 1-5, maio. 2024. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1553746

RESUMO

Objetivo: Relatar a construção e implantação de painel de bordo, desenvolvido por enfermeiros e profissionais da tecnologia da informação, para gerenciamento do Protocolo de Prevenção de Lesão por Pressão. Métodos: Trata-se de um relato de experiência sobre a construção e implantação de painel de bordo informatizado para gerenciamento de protocolo em um hospital privado universitário, localizado no interior do estado de São Paulo. Resultados: A construção do painel de bordo foi dividida nas seguintes etapas: revisão e atualização do protocolo, construção do modelo eletrônico e implementação. A divulgação foi realizada pela Comissão de Prevenção de Lesão por Pressão. Conclusão: O painel de bordo possibilitou a visualização rápida e em tempo real dos riscos dos pacientes, intervenções propostas e efetividade das medidas de prevenção, além de promover a integração e empoderamento dos profissionais na gestão do cuidado. (AU)


Objective: To report the construction and implementation of a dashboard, developed by nurses and information technology professionals, to manage the Pressure Injury Prevention Protocol. Methods: This is an experience report on the construction and implementation of a computerized dashboard for protocol management in a private university hospital, located in the interior of the state of São Paulo. Results: The construction of the dashboard was divided into the following steps: review and update of the protocol, construction of the electronic model and implementation. The Pressure Injury Prevention Commission disclosed the tool. Conclusion: The dashboard enabled the quick and real-time visualization of patient risks, proposed interventions and effectiveness of prevention measures, in addition to promoting the integration and empowerment of professionals in the management of care. (AU)


Objetivo: Informar la construcción e implementación de un panel, desarrollado por enfermeras y profesionales de tecnologías de la información, para gestionar el Protocolo de Prevención de Lesiones por Presión. Métodos: Se trata de un informe de experiencia sobre la construcción e implementación de un panel computarizado para la gestión del protocolo en un hospital universitario privado, en el interior del estado de São Paulo. Resultados: La construcción del panel se dividió en los siguientes pasos: revisión y actualización del protocolo, construcción del modelo electrónico e implementación. La divulgación fue realizada por la Comisión de Prevención de Lesiones por Presión. Conclusión: El panel permitió la visualización rápida y en tiempo real de los riesgos del paciente, las intervenciones propuestas y la efectividad de las medidas de prevención, además de promover la integración y el empoderamiento de los profesionales en la gestión del cuidado. (AU)


Assuntos
Gestão de Riscos , Úlcera por Pressão , Segurança do Paciente , Gestão da Informação em Saúde , Cuidados de Enfermagem
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615714

RESUMO

This report describes how postoperative delirium in an elderly man during COVID-19 pandemic led to a serious event involving a central venous catheter. Delirium is a common cause of perioperative morbidity and mortality, and is characterised by an alteration in consciousness and perception and a reduced ability to focus, sustain or shift attention. The event was analysed by a multidisciplinary committee which developed a risk stratification delirium protocol in order to prevent similar events in the future.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38677902

RESUMO

Intensive Care Units (ICUs) have undergone enhancements in patient safety, and artificial intelligence (AI) emerges as a disruptive technology offering novel opportunities. While the published evidence is limited and presents methodological issues, certain areas show promise, such as decision support systems, detection of adverse events, and prescription error identification. The application of AI in safety may pursue predictive or diagnostic objectives. Implementing AI-based systems necessitates procedures to ensure secure assistance, addressing challenges including trust in such systems, biases, data quality, scalability, and ethical and confidentiality considerations. The development and application of AI demand thorough testing, encompassing retrospective data assessments, real-time validation with prospective cohorts, and efficacy demonstration in clinical trials. Algorithmic transparency and explainability are essential, with active involvement of clinical professionals being crucial in the implementation process.

11.
J Healthc Qual Res ; 39(3): 188-194, 2024.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614936

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Mechanical restraints are widely used in health care practice, despite the numerous ethical conflicts they raise. The aim of this study is to evaluate the ethical considerations contemplated in the current protocols on mechanical restraint in Spain. METHOD: Systematic review in PubMed, WOS and Scopus, Google and Google Scholar. An ad hoc list of 30 items was used to evaluate the ethical content of the protocols. The quality of guidelines was assessed with AGREE II. RESULTS: The need for informed consent (IC) is reflected in 72% of the documents, the IC model sheet is included in only 41% of them, the rest of the analyzed characteristics on IC are fulfilled in percentages between 6% (the document includes the need to reevaluate the indication for IC) and 31% (the document contemplates to whom it should be requested). More than 20 ethical contents are reflected in 31% of them and less than 10 in 19% of the guidelines. The quality of the guides, according to AGREE II, ranged from 27 to 116 points (maximum possible 161), with a mean score of 68.7. Only 9% of the documents were classified as high quality. Finally, the correlation between ethical content and quality measured with AGREE II was 0.75. CONCLUSIONS: The variability of ethical contents in guidelines on mechanical restraints is very high. The ethical requirements to be included in protocols, consensus or Clinical Practice Guidelines should be defined.


Assuntos
Restrição Física , Espanha , Humanos , Restrição Física/ética , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido/ética , Consenso , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Protocolos Clínicos/normas
12.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38643027

RESUMO

Arboviruses represent a threat to transfusion safety for several reasons: the presence of vectors and the notification of autochthonous cases in our region, the recent increase in the number of cases transmitted through blood and/or blood component transfusion, the high prevalence rates of RNA of the main arboviruses in asymptomatic blood donors, and their ability to survive processing and storage in the different blood components. In an epidemic outbreak caused by an arbovirus in our region, transfusion centres can apply different measures: reactive measures, related to donor selection or arbovirus screening, and proactive measures, such as pathogen inactivation methods. The study of the epidemiology of the main arboviruses and understanding the effectiveness of the different measures that we can adopt are essential to ensure that our blood components remain safe.

13.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Evidence on the long-term use of tolvaptan in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is limited. The aim was to evaluate the tolvaptan effectiveness and safety in real clinical setting. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single-center observational study (2016-2022) involving ADPKD patients treated with tolvaptan was conducted. Annual change in serum creatinine (sCr) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) before and after treatment initiation were evaluated. Change in total kidney volume (TKV), blood pressure (BP) and urinary albuminuria at 12, 24 and 36 months after initiation were also determined. Adverse events (AEs) according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v5.0 were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 22 patients were included. No significant differences pre- vs post tolvaptan treatment in annual rate of change in eGFR (-3.52ml/min/1.73m2 [-4.98%] vs -3.98ml/min/1.73m2 [-8.48%], p=0.121) and sCr (+0.06mg/dL [4.22%] vs +0.15mg/dL [7.77%], p=0.429) were observed. Tolvaptan improved urinary osmolality at 12 (p=0.019) and 24 months (p=0.008), but not at 36 months (p=0.11). There were no changes in TKV, BP control and urinary albuminuria at 12, 24 or 36 months. A worse response was shown in patients with rapid kidney function decline (p=0.042). A 36.4% of the patients developed grade III/IV AEs. A 22.7% discontinued treatment due to unacceptable toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows a modest benefit of tolvaptan in ADPKD patients, as well as safety concerns.

14.
Farm Hosp ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575411

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the process of implementing a traceability and safe drug manufacturing system in the clean room of a Pharmacy Service to increase patient safety, in accordance with current legislation. METHODS: The process was carried out between September 2021 and July 2022. The software program integrated all the recommended stages of the manufacturing process outlined in the "Good Practices Guide for Medication Preparation in Pharmacy Services" (GBPP). The following sections were parameterized in the software program: personnel, facilities, equipment, starting materials, packaging materials, standardized work procedures, and quality controls. RESULTS: A total of 50 users, 4 elaboration areas and 113 equipments were included. 435 components were parameterized (195 raw materials and 240 pharmaceutical specialties), 54 packaging materials, 376 standardized work procedures (123 of them corresponding to sterile medicines and 253 to non-sterile medicines, of which 52 non-sterile were dangerous), in addition 17 were high risk, 327 medium risk, 32 low risk, and 13 quality controls. CONCLUSIONS: The computerization of the production process has allowed the implementation of a traceability and secure drug manufacturing system in a controlled environment in accordance with current legislation.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594110

RESUMO

Healthcare professionals working in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) care for patients suffering from a critical illness and their relatives. Working within a team of people with different personalities, competencies, and specialties, with constraints and demands might contribute to a working environment that is prone to conflicts and disagreements. This highlights that the ICU is a stressful place that can threaten healthcare professionals' wellbeing. This article aims to address the concept of wellbeing by describing how the stressful ICU work-environment threatens the wellbeing of health professionals and discussing how this situation jeopardizes patient safety. To promote wellbeing, it is imperative to explore actionable interventions such as improve communication skills, educational sessions on stress management, or mindfulness. Promoting ICU healthcare professionals' wellbeing through evidence-based strategies will not only increase their personal resilience but might contribute to a safer and more efficient patient care.

16.
Aten Primaria ; 56(10): 102948, 2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38688187

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the profile of the informal primary caregiver (IPC) of adult patients with type2 diabetes (T2D) and the possible factors associated with caregiver collapse (CC). DESIGN: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional and analytical study. SITE: Ambulatory Care Medical Unit. PARTICIPANTS: Mexican CPIs of adult patients with T2D. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected through a prolective design using the Zarit scale and a structured survey on sociodemographic factors. A descriptive statistical analysis and univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were performed. RESULTS: The CPI profile is assumed by: women, people aged 36-58, daughters, people with a secondary and high school educational level, married, Catholic, with income <8,900 Mexican pesos, own home, inhabited by a maximum of 5 inhabitants, with support networks, who have dedicated >5years to the care of their patient, without training and with chronic diseases. The risk factors that increase the risk of CC are: being a woman (OR=11.03; 95%CI: 1.49-81.95), having a history of more than 5years of having assumed the role of caregiver (OR=2, 65; 95%CI: 1.07-6.55), living in one's own house (OR=3.03; 95%CI: 1.04-8.82), with 6 or more inhabitants (OR=2.41; 95%CI: 1.08-5.38). The support of other family members and/or friends was associated as a protective factor (OR=0.15; 95%CI: 0.07-0.33). CONCLUSIONS: Prevention programs are required to avoid CC and complications, as well as interventions to improve the quality of life of the CPI and patients in care, incorporating strategies to generate and/or increase their family and social support networks.

17.
Farm Hosp ; 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553258

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Skin burns are associated with the presence of metallic components in transdermal drug delivery systems during Magnetic Resonance Imaging, cardioversion or defibrillation procedures. The aim of the study was to review the presence of metallic components in marketed products of transdermal drug delivery systems in Spain. METHOD: For each presentation, the summary of product characteristics was reviewed. If the information was not provided, manufacturers were contacted. RESULTS: We identified 59 marketed products of transdermal drug delivery systems of 12 different active substances. 59.3% of patches contained metallic components or their presence could not be ruled out. Information regarding the need to remove the patch was only included in 8 summaries of product characteristics (13.6%). A table was elaborated and included the following aspects: product, active substance, manufacturer, need to remove the patch before the exposure to magnetic or electric fields and references. CONCLUSION: More than a half of the patches at the time of the study contained metals or their absence could not be confirmed by the manufacturer. However, this information was only included in 13.6% of summaries of product characteristics.

18.
Farm Hosp ; 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38531754

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the errors in the preparation of parenteral nutrition in a Pharmacy Service, detected through an already consolidated gravimetric and product quality control, and compare them with those detected during the initial years of implementing this quality control. METHODS: All errors detected through quality control in the compounding of pediatric and adult parenteral nutrition between 2019 and 2021 were prospectively analyzed. This quality control consisted of 3 sequential processes: a visual check, a gravimetric control, and a product control. Errors were classified as gravimetric, when the nutrition had a deviation of more than 5% from the theoretical weight, or as product errors when a qualitative or quantitative error was detected upon reviewing the remainder of the components used. These errors were analyzed in terms of type and the component involved. A comparison was made with the errors detected during the implementation phase of this quality control from 2016 to 2018. RESULTS: A total of 41,809 parenteral nutritions were reviewed, and 345 errors were detected (0.83% of the preparations); of these, 59 errors were found in pediatric nutritions (0.68% of them), and 286 in adult nutritions (0.86% of them). Among these errors, 193 were of gravimetric nature, while 152 were detected through product control. The main components involved in product errors were electrolytes, primarily due to the addition of excessive volumes and the use of incorrect components. A significant absolute reduction of 0.71% (p < 0.05) in the total number of errors was observed when compared to the implementation phase. This reduction was consistent in both gravimetric errors (-0.59%) and product-related errors (-0.12%) (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Comprehensive quality control of parenteral nutrition preparation is an easily implementable tool that effectively detected and prevented significant errors. Furthermore, its widespread adoption contributed to a reduction in the overall error count.

19.
Gac Sanit ; 38: 102382, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38555696

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare the current Spanish and Chilean regulations regarding occupational risk prevention, regarding the existence of specific indications that protect the occupational health and safety of people over 55 years of age. METHOD: Qualitative study in which a documentary content analysis was carried out using ATLAS/ti. The sample was 88 regulatory documents on occupational risk prevention for Spain and Chile. The guidance of the European Agency for Safety at Work (EU-OSHA) regarding age-critical risks was followed. RESULTS: In global terms, 21.9% of the total Spanish documents analyzed show the explicit presence of considerations on aging, while for Chile this occurs in 9%. Both countries mention indications regarding ergonomic risks and noise. Shift work and psychosocial risks are considered only in Spain, while extreme temperatures, vibrations and geographical altitude appear exclusively in Chilean regulations. Neither country refers to issues inherent to working women (care responsibilities, menopause). CONCLUSIONS: The Spanish regulations present a greater presence of indications on aging compared to the Chilean one. However, development in this area is insufficient in both countries. Chile and Spain have guides of recommendations, which are not mandatory, and their application is voluntary. This suggests that the prevention of occupational risks has a great pending challenge with people over 55 years of age.

20.
Prensa méd. argent ; 110(1): 7-12, 20240000. fig
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1552462

RESUMO

En este artículo se relaciona el trabajo en equipo con la seguridad del paciente y la importancia de su enseñanza en las carreras universitarias. Esto surge ante la creciente complejidad del sistema de salud que presenta mayores posibilidades de error. De esta manera aparece el trabajo en equipo como una herramienta fundamental para el ejercicio profesional. El avance tecnológico llevó a una transformación cultural y a la horizontalización de la estructura organizacional, aunque la figura del líder sigue resultando de importancia para no perder el tradicional enfoque humanístico. La enseñanza universitaria debe tratar este problema desde que el estudiante ingresa hasta que egresa para mejorar las tomas de decisiones y brindar seguridad


This article relates teamwork to patient safety and the importance of teaching it in university courses. This arises due to the growing complexity of the health system, which presents greater possibilities of error. In this way, teamwork appears as a fundamental tool for professional practice. Technological advancement led to a cultural transformation and the horizontalization of the organizational structure, although the figure of the leader continues to be important so as not to lose the traditional humanistic approach. University education must address this problem from the moment the student enters until he or she graduates to improve decision-making and provide security


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Gestão da Segurança/organização & administração , Educação Médica/organização & administração
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