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Braz. j. biol ; 84: e260090, 2024. graf
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1374700


Ophiactis savignyi could be discovered all over the world in tropical marine environments. People could have aided in the spread of O. savignyi, particularly in the western and eastern populations of Panama's Isthmus. The brittle star Ophiactis savignyi, often known as savigny's brittle star, coexists alongside the sponge Geodia corticostylifera. The focus of this research has been to assess the functional relevance of G. corticostylifera secondary metabolites as antifoulant against mussels, protection against generalist fish, and chemical cues to affiliated brittle stars. Both in flow-through and static seawater laboratory studies, O. savignyi which has previously been connected with sponges, was given both treated and control mimics at the same time. The sponge extract was also tested for its ability to protect fish against predators and fouling. Deterrence test using chemicals indicated that the normal level of the sponge extract may also suppress generalist fish predation in the field as well as the mussel Perna perna's normal attachment in clinical contexts. According to the findings, G. corticostylifera crude extract has many roles in the aquatic environments, apparently being accountable for this sponge's tighter relationship with O. savignyi, which protects the ophiuroid and inhibits epibionts on itself.

Ophiactis savignyi pode ser descoberta em todo o mundo em ambientes marinhos tropicais. A população pode ter contribuído para a propagação de O. savignyi, particularmente as populações ocidentais e orientais do istmo do Panamá. A estrela-quebradiça O. savignyi, muitas vezes conhecida como estrela-quebradiça de Savignyi, coexiste com a esponja Geodia corticostylifera. O foco desta pesquisa foi avaliar a relevância funcional dos metabólitos secundários de G. corticostylifera como anti-incrustante contra mexilhões, proteção contra peixes generalistas e sinais químicos para estrelas-quebradiças afiliadas. Em estudos de laboratório com fluxo contínuo e estático de água do mar, O. savignyi, que anteriormente havia se ligado a esponjas, recebeu mimetizadores tratados e controle ao mesmo tempo. O extrato de esponja também foi testado por sua capacidade de proteger os peixes contra predadores e incrustações. Testes de dissuasão usando produtos químicos indicaram que o nível normal de extrato de esponja também pode suprimir a predação de peixes generalistas no campo, bem como a fixação normal do mexilhão Perna perna em ambientes clínicos. De acordo com os achados, o extrato bruto de G. corticostylifera tem diversas funções em ambientes aquáticos, aparentemente responsáveis ​​pela relação mais próxima dessa esponja com O. savignyi, protegendo o ofiuroide e inibindo os epibiontes.

Animais , Poríferos/parasitologia , Simbiose , Bactérias , Geodia/parasitologia
Bioresour Technol ; 369: 128422, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36462768


The impacts of carrier type on anammox community assembly, species interactions and nitrogen conversion were studied in this work. It was found that in addition to shared species with higher abundance, different carrier types recruited rare species by imposing selection pressure. Results from co-occurrence networks revealed that carrier type strongly influenced interactions between keystone species inhabiting within anammox biofilm through potentially inducing niche differences. Overall, elastic cubic sponges would lead to closer cooperation between different populations, whereas plastic hollow cylinders would trigger fiercer competition. Meanwhile, the results based on metagenomics sequencing showed carrier type significantly affected nitrogen conversion related genes abundances, and higher reads number was detected on the elastic cubic sponges. The information obtained in this work could provide some valuable information for the selection and optimization of carrier type in the anammox process.

Curr Res Microb Sci ; 3: 100127, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35909605


Gut health is intimately linked to dietary habits and the microbial community (microbiota) that flourishes within. The delicate dependency of the latter on nutritional availability is also strongly influenced by interactions (such as, parasitic or mutualistic) between the resident microbes, often affecting their growth rate and ability to produce key metabolites. Since, cultivating the entire repertoire of gut microbes is a challenging task, metabolic models (genome-based metabolic reconstructions) could be employed to predict their growth patterns and interactions. Here, we have used 803 gut microbial metabolic models from the Virtual Metabolic Human repository, and subsequently optimized and simulated them to grow on 13 dietary compositions. The presented pairwise interaction data ( and the associated bacterial growth rates are expected to be useful for (a) deducing microbial association patterns, (b) diet-based inference of personalised gut profiles, and (c) as a steppingstone for studying multi-species metabolic interactions.

Entomol Res ; 52(5): 235-240, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35846163


The stagnation of our fight against malaria in recent years, mainly due to the development of mosquito insecticide resistance, argues for the urgent development of new weapons. The dramatic evolution of molecular tools in the last few decades led to a better understanding of parasite-mosquito interactions and coalesced in the development of novel tools namely, mosquito transgenesis and paratransgenesis. Here we provide a historical view of the development of these new tools and point to some remaining challenges for their implementation in the field.

Trends Biochem Sci ; 46(5): 417-428, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33309324


To identify the appropriate times for growth and development, organisms must sense and process information about the availability of nutrients, energy status, and environmental cues. For sessile eukaryotes such as plants, integrating such information can be critical in life or death decisions. For nearly 30 years, the conserved phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-related protein kinases (PIKKs) target of rapamycin (TOR) has been established as a central hub for integrating external and internal metabolic cues. Despite the functional conservation across eukaryotes, the TOR complex has evolved specific functional and mechanistic features in plants. Here, we present recent findings on the plant TOR complex that highlight the conserved and unique nature of this critical growth regulator and its role in multiple aspects of plant life.

Sirolimo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR , Plantas/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
J Cell Commun Signal ; 10(4): 337-340, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27822878


The human gut microflora has drawn a lot of attention as a potent therapeutic tool for many decades. More recently, efforts have been developed to devise efficient ways of complementing or replacing deficient intestinal microflora associated with intestinal diseases that are resistant to conventional medical treatments. Aside from the medical and industrial applications that emerged from the use of gut microbiota, the complex constitution of this ecosystem raises fascinating questions regarding host-cell communication and host response mechanisms to the ever changing environment. This brief comment also points to questions raised by some unexpected applications that have recently emerged from this field.