Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 530
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535339

RESUMO

Objetivo: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo principal validar el Voice Handicap Index (VHI) y su versión abreviada (VHI-10) adaptados al español rioplatense de Argentina, con objetivos específicos centrados en evaluar su fiabilidad y validez. Metodología: La adaptación cultural incluyó técnicas de traducción directa, síntesis y retrotraducción, evaluación de la equivalencia semántica y aplicación a un grupo piloto. Para la validación se evaluó la fiabilidad de ambos índices adaptados mediante la consistencia interna (coeficiente alfa de Cronbach) y la estabilidad test-retest (prueba de Bland-Altman, CCI y r de Spearman). Además, se examinó la validez de criterio y de constructo. 213 sujetos participaron en la validación del índice adaptado de 30 ítems (123 disfónicos; 90 de control); 113, en la del índice abreviado (63 disfónicos; 50 de control). Resultados: Se constituyó el Índice de Desventaja Vocal (IDV) como la versión adaptada del VHI al español rioplatense de Argentina. Ambos índices demostraron excelente consistencia interna (IDV-30 α = 0,96; IDV-10 α = 0,92) y estabilidad y concordancia (IDV-30 CCI = 0,95; IDV-10 CCI = 0,96). Se halló alta correlación entre los puntajes de ambos índices y la autoevaluación de la severidad de la disfonía de los participantes (r = 0,85). Ambos índices demostraron capacidad de diferenciar entre individuos con disfonía y sujetos sanos (p< 0,001). El análisis factorial reveló tres factores para el IDV-30 y un factor para el IDV-10. Conclusiones: El IDV-30 e IDV-10 presentan grados adecuados de fiabilidad y validez. Ambos pueden ser incluidos en protocolos de valoración de la función vocal por profesionales de Argentina.


Aim: This study aimed to validate the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) and its abbreviated version (VHI-10) adapted into Rioplatense Spanish from Argentina, with specific goals centered on assessing their reliability and validity. Methods: Cultural adaptation involved direct translation, synthesis and back-translation techniques, followed by an assessment of semantic equivalence and application to a pilot group. For the validation process, the reliability of both adapted indices was assessed through measures of internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficient) and test-retest stability (Bland-Altman test, ICC and Spearman's correlation coefficient). Additionally, we conducted analyses to asses criterion and construct validity. 213 subjects participated in the validation of the adapted 30-items index, (123 with dysphonia; 90 from control group); 113, in the abbreviated version (63 with dysphonia; 50 from control group). Results: The "Índice de Desventaja Vocal" (IDV) was established as the adapted version of the VHI into Rioplatense Spanish from Argentina. Both indeces exhibited excellent internal consistency (IDV-30 α = 0,96; IDV-10 α = 0,92) and satisfactory stability and agreement (IDV-30 CCI = 0,95; IDV-10 CCI = 0,96). Regarding validity, a strong correlation was observed between the scores of both indeces and the participant's self-assessment of dysphonia degree (r = 0,85). Both indices effectively differentiated between individuals with dysphonia and healthy subjects (p< 0,001). Factor analysis revealed three factors for the IDV-30 and one factor for the IDV-10. Conclusion: The IDV-30 and IDV-10 demonstrate satisfactory levels of reliability and validity. Both indices can be incorporated into the assessment protocols for evaluating the vocal function by professionals in Argentina.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535342

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the training and use of auditory perceptual evaluation of the voice reported by Colombian speech-language pathologists. Study Design: Cross-sectional observational research with a quantitative approach. Methods: A digital questionnaire was designed and distributed to gather information regarding professionals' training process and implementation of auditory-perceptual evaluation procedures. Descriptive statistics were applied, and several generalized linear models were adjusted to determine the influence of certain variables on others. Results: The survey received responses from 40 speech-language pathologists, revealing that the most used scales for training and evaluating vocal quality within this group are direct magnitude estimations (82.5% and 77.5%). Similarly, in this group, the tasks most frequently used to train and use as an evaluation strategy are vowel assessments (38%) followed by spontaneous speech (30%). Practitioners of this group were mostly trained using a conceptual framework involving multiple exposures to rating (42.5%). The use of direct magnitude estimation in training with a normal voice showed significance (p = 0.015), as did the use of the vowel /i/ in training with an equal-appearing interval (p = 0.013). The statistical models relating the scale used to the scale on which participants were trained were also significant (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The GRBAS scale is the training tool most used by the group of speech-language pathologists of the study group in Colombia. Future efforts should focus on improving training practices for auditory-perceptual evaluation, exploring alternative conceptual frameworks, and incorporating external references to enhance validity and reliability.


Objetivo: Explorar los reportes de fonoaudiólogos colombianos acerca del entrenamiento y uso de la evaluación perceptual auditiva de la voz. Diseño de estudio: Se eligió un diseño de investigación observacional transversal con un enfoque cuantitativo. Metodología: Se diseñó y distribuyó un cuestionario digital para recopilar información sobre el proceso de formación de los profesionales y la implementación de procedimientos de evaluación perceptual auditiva. Se aplicaron estadísticas descriptivas y se ajustaron varios modelos lineales generalizados para determinar la influencia de ciertas variables en otras. Resultados: La encuesta recibió respuestas de 40 fonoaudiólogos, revelando que las escalas más utilizadas para la formación y la evaluación de la calidad vocal en el grupo son las estimaciones de magnitud directa (82.5% y 77.5%). Del mismo modo, en este grupo las tareas más frecuentemente utilizadas para la formación y el uso como estrategia de evaluación son las vocales (38%), seguidas por el habla espontánea (30%). La mayoría de los profesionales del grupo fueron formados utilizando un marco conceptual que involucra múltiples exposiciones a la calificación (42.5%). El uso de la estimación de magnitud directa en la formación con una voz normal mostró significancia (p = 0.015), al igual que el uso de la vocal /i/ en la formación con intervalos de igual apariencia (p = 0.013). Los modelos estadísticos que relacionan la escala utilizada con la escala en la que los participantes fueron entrenados también fueron significativos (p < 0.05). Conclusiones: La escala GRBAS es la herramienta de formación más utilizada por el grupo de fonoaudiólogos del estudio. Los esfuerzos futuros deberían centrarse en mejorar las prácticas de formación para la evaluación perceptual auditiva, explorar marcos conceptuales alternativos e incorporar referencias externas para mejorar la validez y la confiabilidad.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535344

RESUMO

Purpose: To describe the acoustic characteristics of a classroom, voice quality, fatigue, and vocal load of university professors. Methods: Exploratory, observational, longitudinal, and descriptive study with a single group of participants, including vocal monitoring data over two weeks. Acoustic characterization of the classroom, perceptual-auditory evaluation, and acoustic analysis of voice samples were conducted before and after classes. Vocal dosimetry was performed during classes, and the Vocal Fatigue Index (VFI) was assessed at the beginning of each week. Descriptive analysis of the findings was conducted, and randomization test was performed to verify the internal reliability of the judge. Results: All participants reported speaking loudly in the classroom, with the majority reporting vocal changes in the past six months, and only one participant reported a current vocal change. The classroom had acoustical measures and estimations that deviated from established standards. The professors used high vocal intensities during classes. After the classes, an increase in the absolute values of the aggregated data for CAPE-V, jitter, and fundamental frequency was found, varying within the range of normality. Furthermore, there was an observed increase in both post-lesson intensity and VFI when comparing the two-week period. Conclusions: Vocal intensities and VFI were possibly impacted by the acoustics of the classroom. The increase in average VFI between the weeks may be attributed to a cumulative fatigue sensation. Further research with a larger number of participants and in acoustically conditioned classrooms is suggested in order to evaluate collective intervention proposals aimed at reducing the vocal load on teachers.


Objetivo: Describir las características acústicas, calidad vocal, fatiga y carga vocal de profesores universitarios. Métodos: Estudio exploratorio, observacional, longitudinal, descriptivo con un solo grupo de participantes y datos de monitoreo vocal durante dos semanas. Se realizó caracterización acústica de la sala, evaluación auditiva-perceptiva y acústica de muestras de voz antes y después de las clases. Se realizó dosimetría vocal durante las clases y se verificó el Índice de Fatiga Vocal (IFV) en dos semanas. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de los hallazgos y una prueba de aleatorización para verificar la confiabilidad interna del juez. Resultados: Todos los participantes informaron hablar en voz alta en clase, la mayoría informó cambios vocales en los últimos seis meses y solo uno informó cambios vocales actuales. La sala presentó mediciones y estimaciones acústicas fuera de las normas establecidas. Los profesores utilizaron intensidades vocales altas durante las clases. Hubo un aumento en los valores absolutos de los datos agrupados para CAPE-V, jitter y frecuencia fundamental, variando dentro de los límites normales, después de las clases. La intensidad después de las clases y el IFV, en la comparación entre las dos semanas, mostraron un aumento. Conclusiones: La dosis vocal y el IFV posiblemente se vieron afectados por la acústica del aula. El aumento del IFV medio entre semanas pudo deberse a la sensación de cansancio acumulada. Se sugieren nuevas investigaciones con un mayor número de participantes y que se realicen en la sala acondicionada acústicamente para evaluar propuestas de intervención colectiva, con el objetivo de reducir la carga vocal de los docentes.

4.
J Voice ; 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755076

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To synthesize existing evidence of the relationship between voice parameters and speech intelligibility. METHODS: Following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis extension for Scoping Review (PRISMA-ScR) guidelines, 13 databases were searched and a manual search was conducted. A narrative synthesis of methodological quality, study characteristics, participant demographics, voice parameter categorization, and their relationship to speech intelligibility was conducted. A Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) assessment was also performed. RESULTS: A total of 5593 studies were retrieved, and 30 eligible studies were included in the final scoping review. The studies were given scores of 10-25 (average 16.93) out of 34 in the methodological quality assessment. Research that analyzed voice parameters related to speech intelligibility, encompassing perceptual, acoustic, and aerodynamic parameters, was included. Validated and nonvalidated perceptual voice assessments showed divergent results regarding the relationship between perceptual parameters and speech intelligibility. The relationship between acoustic parameters and speech intelligibility was found to be complex and the results were inconsistent. The limited research on aerodynamic parameters did not reach a consensus on their relationship with speech intelligibility. Studies in which listeners were not speech-language pathologists (SLPs) far outnumbered those with SLP listeners, and research conducted in English contexts significantly exceeded that in non-English contexts. The GRADE evaluation indicated that the quality of evidence varied from low to moderate. DISCUSSION: The results for the relationship between voice parameters and intelligibility showed significant heterogeneity. Future research should consider age-related voice changes and include diverse age groups. To enhance validity and comparability, it will be necessary to report effect sizes, tool validity, inter-rater reliability, and calibration procedures. Voice assessments should account for the validation status of tools because of their potential impact on the outcomes. The linguistic context may also influence the results.

5.
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol ; 90(4): 101437, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701618

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Identifying voice handicap and voice-related quality of life in patients presenting pulmonary impairment associated with COVID-19 infection, comparing pulmonary parameters between these patients and individuals in the control group, as well as correlating pulmonary parameters to self-assessment questionnaires (IDV-10 and QVV). METHODS: Thirty-five (35) patients presenting pulmonary impairment with COVID-19 infection were herein selected and compared to 35 individuals who were not affected by COVID-19 infection. Two self-assessment questionnaires were applied (vocal handicap index and voice quality of life protocol). Maximum phonation time Forced Expiratory Pressure (PEF) and Forced Inspiratory Pressure (PIF) were measured and videolaryngoscopy was performed. RESULTS: There was statistically significant difference in scores recorded in voice self-assessment questionnaires (IDV-10 and QVV), Expiratory Pressure (PEF) and Forced Inspiratory Pressure (PIF) between patients with pulmonary impairment associated with COVID-19 infection and those in the control group. Correlation between PEF/PIF and scores recorded in voice self-assessment questionnaires was also observed. CONCLUSION: Pulmonary impairment associated with COVID-19 infection has worsened voice handicap and voice-related quality of life in the assessed patients, as well as reduced their forced expiratory and inspiratory pressure in comparison to the control group.

6.
J Voice ; 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714436

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the effects of thyroidectomy-a surgical intervention involving the removal of the thyroid gland-on voice quality, as represented by acoustic and electroglottographic measures. Given the thyroid gland's proximity to the inferior and superior laryngeal nerves, thyroidectomy carries a potential risk of affecting vocal function. While earlier studies have documented effects on the voice range, few studies have looked at voice quality after thyroidectomy. Since voice quality effects could manifest in many ways, that a priori are unknown, we wish to apply an exploratory approach that collects many data points from several metrics. METHODS: A voice-mapping analysis paradigm was applied retrospectively on a corpus of spoken and sung sentences produced by patients who had thyroid surgery. Voice quality changes were assessed objectively for 57 patients prior to surgery and 2months after surgery, by making comparative voice maps, pre- and post-intervention, of six acoustic and electroglottographic (EGG) metrics. RESULTS: After thyroidectomy, statistically significant changes consistent with a worsening of voice quality were observed in most metrics. For all individual metrics, however, the effect sizes were too small to be clinically relevant. Statistical clustering of the metrics helped to clarify the nature of these changes. While partial thyroidectomy demonstrated greater uniformity than did total thyroidectomy, the type of perioperative damage had no discernible impact on voice quality. CONCLUSIONS: Changes in voice quality after thyroidectomy were related mostly to increased phonatory instability in both the acoustic and EGG metrics. Clustered voice metrics exhibited a higher correlation to voice complaints than did individual voice metrics.

7.
J Voice ; 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705738

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze self-perceived vocal symptoms and discomfort in amateur church singers and compare them between genders and church types. METHODS: It was a quantitative cross-sectional study involving 99 amateur church singers aged between 18 and 59years. Data collection was carried out through the completion of a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Voice Symptom Scale (VoiSS), and the Vocal Tract Discomfort Scale (VTDS). The Mann-Whitney test was used for comparisons, and Spearman's correlation test was used for analyzing correlations between scale scores. The adopted significance level was 5% (P < 0.05). RESULTS: There was a prevalence of females (71.7%), amateur singers from Protestant churches (73.7%), with a mean age of 27.5years. The average VoiSS total score was 22.6 points, the "limitation" domain was 12.3, the "emotional" domain was 2.55, and the "physical" domain was 7.7. The most self-perceived sensations in the VTDS were "dryness," "sore throat," and "itchiness" with mild to moderate intensity. There was a statistically significant difference between genders (P < 0.05) and a positive correlation from weak (r = 0.212) to strong magnitude (r = 0.660) between vocal symptoms and vocal tract discomfort. There was no statistically significant difference between types of churches. CONCLUSION: Amateur singers self-report high levels of vocal symptoms, which impact limitation, emotional, and physical domains. Furthermore, they experience vocal tract discomfort sensations, with dryness being the most frequently reported, followed by sore throat and itching. No significant differences were found between the scale scores and church types. However, females reported a greater frequency and intensity of vocal tract discomfort sensations. The greater the self-reported vocal symptoms in this population, the higher their self-reported frequency and intensity of vocal tract discomfort sensations. These findings underscore the importance of addressing vocal health issues in amateur singers to enhance their overall well-being.

8.
J Voice ; 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772832

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess voice changes in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) using subjective and objective assessment tools and to make inferences regarding the underlying pathological causes for different phases of radiotherapy (RT). METHODS: A total of 187 (123 males and 64 females) patients with post-RT NPC with no recurrence of malignancy or other voice diseases and 17 (11 males and 6 females) healthy individuals were included in this study. The patients were equally divided into 11 groups according to the number of years after RT. The acoustic analyses, GRBAS (grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, and strain) scales, and Voice Handicap Index (VHI)-10 scores were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: The fundamental frequency (F0) parameters in years 1 and 2 and year 11 were significantly lower in patients with NPC than in healthy individuals. The maximum phonation times in years 1 and 11 were significantly shorter than those in healthy individuals. The jitter parameters were significantly different between year 1 and from years 8 to 11 and the healthy individuals. The shimmer parameters were significantly different between years 1, from years 9 to 11, and healthy individuals. Hoarseness was the most prominent problem compared to other items of the GRBAS. The VHI-10 scores were significantly different between years 1 and 2 and year 11 after RT in patients with NPC. CONCLUSIONS: Voice quality was worse in the first 2 years and from years 8 to 11 but remained relatively normal from years 3 to 7 after RT. Patient-reported voice handicaps began during year 3 after RT. The most prominent problem was perceived hoarseness, which was evident in the first 2 years and from years 9 to 11 after RT. The radiation-induced mucous edema, laryngeal intrinsic muscle fibrosis, nerve injuries, upper respiratory tract changes, and decreased lung capacity might be the pathological reasons for voice changes in post-RT patients with NPC.

9.
Cranio ; : 1-7, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38738830

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the voice quality in TMD patients compared to healthy individuals using the Dysphonia Severity Index (DSI) and evaluated the correlation between the DSI and TMD severity. METHODS: Patients who had TMD with Fonseca's anamnestic index were subjected to an examination based on the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD). A sample of 35 patients with TMD and 36 healthy subjects were included in the study. RESULTS: There were significant differences in the DSI score and its components between healthy subjects and TMD patients (p < .001). A significant correlation was found between the DSI scores and TMD severity (Spearman's rho: -0.90, p < .001). CONCLUSION: Patients with TMD demonstrated lower DSI scores and lower voice quality compared to healthy subjects.

10.
J Voice ; 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38519332

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There are very diverse approaches for voice therapy, and the application of voice quality used in vocal arts in voice therapy can also be seen. However, there is little research on the application of opera voice quality in voice therapy. This study explored the applications of our Opera Voice Quality Exercise in the field of voice therapy and investigated the impacts of this exercise on pitch, intensity, voice quality, and vocal ability. METHODS: Sixty-two healthy subjects, defined as those with no discomfort in their voice and no appearance of organic lesions on the larynx via stroboscopic laryngoscopy were included in the study. The subjects were randomly divided into an experimental group of 31 subjects and a control group of 31 subjects. The experimental group received a voice health education and weekly coaching sessions of Opera Voice Quality Exercise, whereas the subjects in the control group only had the former. The acoustic and aerodynamic parameters were evaluated before and after the experimental interventions. RESULTS: When producing [a] at comfortable speech pitch and intensity, the experimental group compared to the control group showed statistically significant improvement (P < 0.05) in the irregularity component (IC) parameter for males. When producing [a] at loudest intensity at a higher pitch in the normal speech pitch range, the experimental group compared to the control group showed statistically significant increase (P < 0.01) in sound pressure level (SPL) as well as improvements (P < 0.05) in shimmer and IC parameters for males. There was a statistically significant increase (P < 0.05) in SPL for females. During continuous speech, the experimental group compared to the control group showed statistically significant increase (P < 0.01) in SPLmax (maximum sound pressure level) for both males and females. There was a statistically significant increase in highest pitch (P < 0.01) and lowest pitch (P < 0.05) for males. CONCLUSION: Regardless of gender, there is the greatest impact of Opera Voice Quality Exercise on phonation intensity. Furthermore, for males, this exercise causes the voice quality to be improved and the speech pitch to raise. Therefore, there may be applications of Opera Voice Quality Exercise in voice problems with weak voice such as nonorganic hypofunctional dysphonia, vocal fold paresis and paralysis, and voice problems related to Parkinson and age.

11.
J Voice ; 2024 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38523022

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To map the phonatory tasks and the result measures used to evaluate vocal fatigue in vocally healthy individuals. METHODS: This is a scoping review based on the following research question: What are the phonatory tasks and outcome measures used for the evaluation of vocal fatigue in vocally healthy individuals? The construction of the search strategy followed the PCC strategy; population: vocally healthy adult individuals; concept: phonatory tasks and vocal evaluation measures; and context: vocal fatigue. The search was performed electronically in the databases Medline (PubMed), LILACS (BVS), SCOPUS (Elsevier), Web of Science (Clarivate), EMBASE, and COCHRANE. A manual search in the references of the selected articles and in the journal with the highest number of publications was also performed. The selection of articles was based on reading the titles, abstracts, and full text, applying the eligibility criteria. The selected articles were related to the evaluation of vocal fatigue in healthy individuals from a predetermined vocal load task. Data regarding the characteristics of the publication, sample, phonatory tasks, and outcomes were extracted. The results were presented in a descriptive format, due to a frequency distribution analysis. RESULTS: In total, 3756 studies were identified during the search, of which 60 were selected. The most used vocal load activity was the reading task, with duration ranging from 46 to 120 minutes. The (1) sustained vowel /a/ and (2) the reading of texts and phrases, both in usual intensity and frequency without the interference of the researcher, were the most used evaluation tasks. The most used outcome measures are the following: (1) acoustic parameters-fundamental frequency [fo] (mean, variance), sound pressure level (mean), local jitter (%), local shimmer (%), cepstral peak prominence (mean); (2) vocal self-assessment by the validated instruments-Perceived Phonatory Effort Scale, Visual Analog Scale, Borg-CR-10 Scale. CONCLUSIONS: There is a diversity of phonatory tasks and outcome measures recurrently used in scientific articles to evaluate the signs of vocal fatigue in vocally healthy individuals. The most used vocal sample to evaluate vocal fatigue was the sustained vowel /a/ in habitual intensity and frequency without the interference of the researcher. The most frequently reported outcome measures for the assessment of immediate vocal fatigue effects were the acoustic analysis and vocal self-assessment.

12.
Logoped Phoniatr Vocol ; : 1-8, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38440900

RESUMO

Understanding the impact of listening effort (LE) and fatigue has become increasingly crucial in optimizing the learning experience with the growing prevalence of online classrooms as a mode of instruction. The purpose of this study was to investigate the LE, fatigue, and voice quality experienced by students during online and face-to-face class sessions. A total of 110 participants with an average age of 20.76 (range 18-28) comprising first year undergraduate students in Speech and Language Therapy and Audiology programs in Turkey, rated their LE during the 2022-2023 spring semester using the Listening Effort Screening Questionnaire (LESQ) and assessed their fatigue with the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20). Voice quality of lecturers was assessed using smoothed cepstral peak prominence (CPPS) measurements. Data were collected from both online and face-to-face sessions. The results revealed that participants reported increased LE and fatigue during online sessions compared to face-to-face sessions and the differences were statistically significant. Correlation analysis showed significant relationships (p < 0.05) between audio-video streaming quality and LE-related items in the LESQ, as well as MFI sub-scales and total scores. The findings revealed a relationship between an increased preference for face-to-face classrooms and higher levels of LE and fatigue, emphasizing the significance of these factors in shaping the learning experience. CPPS measurements indicated a dysphonic voice quality during online classroom audio streaming. These findings highlight the challenges of online classes in terms of increased LE, fatigue, and voice quality issues. Understanding these factors is crucial for improving online instruction and student experience.

13.
Acta Otolaryngol ; 144(1): 65-70, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38265886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of effective treatment for idiopathic unilateral vocal fold paralysis (IUVFP). A better phonation was reported by patients after laryngeal nerve stimulation during our clinical examination. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate immediate effect of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) stimulation on phonation in patients with IUVFP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-two patients with clinically identified IUVFP underwent RLN stimulation with needle electrodes. Laryngoscopy, acoustic analysis, and voice perception assessment were performed for quantitative comparison of vocal function and voice quality before and after the intervention. RESULTS: Laryngoscopic images showed a larger motion range of the paralyzed vocal fold (p < .01) and better glottal closure (p < .01) after RLN stimulation. Acoustic analysis revealed that the dysphonia severity index increased significantly (p < .01) while the jitter and shimmer decreased after the intervention (p < .05). According to perceptual evaluation, RLN stimulation significantly increased RBH grades in patients with IUVFP (p < .01). Furthermore, the improvement in voice perception had a moderate positive correlation with the decrease in the glottal closure. CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: This study shows a short-term improvement of phonation in IUVFP patients after RLN stimulation, which provides proof-of-concept for trialing a controlled delivery of RLN stimulation and assessing durability of any observed responses.


Assuntos
Paralisia das Pregas Vocais , Voz , Humanos , Nervo Laríngeo Recorrente , Prega Vocal , Paralisia das Pregas Vocais/terapia , Voz/fisiologia , Fonação/fisiologia
14.
Acta Otolaryngol ; 144(1): 58-64, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38294703

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early glottic cancer can be treated with laser resection or radiotherapy. In an earlier study, we found that voice function after laser resection was inferior to that after radiotherapy. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine if reduced margins at laser resection improved voice function without impairing oncologic results. METHOD: A total of 268 patients with previously untreated T1-T2 glottic carcinoma were studied. They were primarily treated with either radiotherapy (n = 119) or laser resection (n = 149). Survival, need for additional treatment (radiotherapy and/or total layngectomi) and voice function was compared. RESULT: Median follow up time was 7 years with range 0.5-16.6. There was no difference in the overall survival (p = .065) or disease-specific survival. (p = .126). After radiotherapy 32/119 patients and after laser resection 57/149 patients had recurrence. Total rate of laryngectomy was 24% in the radiotherapy group, and 8% in the laser resection group (p = .001). Voice analysis (T1A) showed more roughness in the radiotherapy group, otherwise no difference. CONCLUSIONS: By reducing the surgical margins, we have achieved a better voice function (T1A) but more patients have needed repeated laser excisions and some have also needed supplementary radiotherapy. The risk of laryngectomy and survival were apparently not affected.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Laríngeas , Terapia a Laser , Humanos , Laringectomia , Neoplasias Laríngeas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Laríngeas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Seguimentos , Glote/cirurgia , Glote/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Resultado do Tratamento , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Clin Linguist Phon ; 38(2): 97-115, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36592050

RESUMO

To study the possibility of using acoustic parameters, i.e., Acoustic Voice Quality Index (AVQI) and Maximum Phonation Time (MPT) for predicting the degree of lung involvement in COVID-19 patients. This cross-sectional case-control study was conducted on the voice samples collected from 163 healthy individuals and 181 patients with COVID-19. Each participant produced a sustained vowel/a/, and a phonetically balanced Persian text containing 36 syllables. AVQI and MPT were measured using Praat scripts. Each patient underwent a non-enhanced chest computed tomographic scan and the Total Opacity score was rated to assess the degree of lung involvement. The results revealed significant differences between patients with COVID-19 and healthy individuals in terms of AVQI and MPT. A significant difference was also observed between male and female participants in AVQI and MPT. The results from the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis and area under the curve indicated that MPT (0.909) had higher diagnostic accuracy than AVQI (0.771). A significant relationship was observed between AVQI and TO scores. In the case of MPT, however, no such relationship was observed. The findings indicated that MPT was a better classifier in differentiating patients from healthy individuals, in comparison with AVQI. The results also showed that AVQI can be used as a predictor of the degree of patients' and recovered individuals' lung involvement. A formula is suggested for calculating the degree of lung involvement using AVQI.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Disfonia , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Disfonia/diagnóstico , Acústica da Fala , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Viabilidade , Estudos Transversais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Acústica , Tomografia , Medida da Produção da Fala/métodos
16.
Laryngoscope ; 134(3): 1327-1332, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37676064

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Asymmetry of vocal fold (VF) vibration is common in patients with voice complaints and also observed in 10% of normophonic individuals. Although thyroarytenoid (TA) muscle activation plays a crucial role in regulating VF vibration, how TA activation asymmetry relates to voice acoustics and perception is unclear. We evaluated the relationship between TA activation asymmetry and the resulting acoustics and perception. METHODS: An in vivo canine model of phonation was used to create symmetric and increasingly asymmetric VF vibratory conditions via graded stimulation of bilateral TA muscles. Naïve listeners (n = 89) rated the perceptual quality of 100 unique voice samples using a visual sort-and-rate task. For each phonatory condition, cepstral peak prominence (CPP), harmonic amplitude (H1-H2), and root-mean-square (RMS) energy of the voice were measured. The relationships between these metrics, vibratory asymmetry, and perceptual ratings were evaluated. RESULTS: Increasing levels of TA asymmetry resulted in declining listener preference. Furthermore, only severely asymmetric audio samples were perceptually distinguishable from symmetric and mildly asymmetric conditions. CPP was negatively correlated with TA asymmetry: voices produced with larger degrees of asymmetry were associated with lower CPP values. Listeners preferred audio samples with higher values of CPP, high RMS energy, and lower H1-H2 (less breathy). CONCLUSION: Listeners are sensitive to changes in voice acoustics related to vibratory asymmetry. Although increasing vibratory asymmetry is correlated with decreased perceptual ratings, mild asymmetries are perceptually tolerated. This study contributes to our understanding of voice production and quality by identifying perceptually salient and clinically meaningful asymmetry. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: N/A (Basic Science Study) Laryngoscope, 134:1327-1332, 2024.


Assuntos
Disfonia , Voz , Humanos , Animais , Cães , Vibração , Acústica da Fala , Voz/fisiologia , Fonação/fisiologia , Acústica , Percepção
17.
Laryngoscope ; 134(3): 1249-1257, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37672673

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Analysis of medial surface dynamics of the vocal folds (VF) is critical to understanding voice production and treatment of voice disorders. We analyzed VF medial surface vibratory dynamics, evaluating the effects of airflow and nerve stimulation using 3D reconstruction and empirical eigenfunctions (EEF). STUDY DESIGN: In vivo canine hemilarynx phonation. METHODS: An in vivo canine hemilarynx was phonated while graded stimulation of the recurrent and superior laryngeal nerves (RLN and SLN) was performed. For each phonatory condition, vibratory cycles were 3D reconstructed from tattooed landmarks on the VF medial surface at low, medium, and high airflows. Parameters describing medial surface trajectory shape were calculated, and underlying patterns were emphasized using EEFs. Fundamental frequency and smoothed cepstral peak prominence (CPPS) were calculated from acoustic data. RESULTS: Convex-hull area of landmark trajectories increased with increasing flow and decreasing nerve activation level. Trajectory shapes observed included circular, ellipsoid, bent, and figure-eight. They were more circular on the superior and anterior VF, and more elliptical and line-like on the inferior and posterior VF. The EEFs capturing synchronal opening and closing (EEF1) and alternating convergent/divergent (EEF2) glottis shapes were mostly unaffected by flow and nerve stimulation levels. CPPS increased with higher airflow except for low RLN activation and very dominant SLN stimulation. CONCLUSION: We analyzed VF vibration as a function of neuromuscular stimulation and airflow levels. Oscillation patterns such as figure-eight and bent trajectories were linked to high nerve activation and flow. Further studies investigating longer sections of 3D reconstructed oscillations are needed. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: N/A, Basic Science Laryngoscope, 134:1249-1257, 2024.


Assuntos
Glote , Prega Vocal , Animais , Cães , Prega Vocal/fisiologia , Glote/fisiologia , Fonação/fisiologia , Nervo Laríngeo Recorrente/fisiologia , Nervos Laríngeos/fisiologia , Vibração
18.
Laryngoscope ; 134(6): 2805-2811, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38112338

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The acoustic voice quality index (AVQI) is a reliable tool that objectively assesses dysphonia levels using six acoustic parameters. Despite its high criterion-related concurrent validity, diagnostic accuracy, and minimal detectable change derived from test-retest reliability, the minimal important difference (MID) of the AVQI has not been tested before. This study aimed to estimate the MIDs of AVQI for improvement audibly perceived by clinicians and self-reported improvement by patients. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 110 patients who received treatment for voice disorders. Patients completed AVQI and Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10) questionnaires before and after the therapy. The MIDs of the AVQI were estimated using the anchor of either auditory-perceptual judgment of total dysphonia levels by clinicians or the VHI-10 questionnaire by patients. A distribution-based approach was also used to complement the results. RESULTS: First, using the auditory-perceptual anchor, a decrease of 0.95 in the AVQI was estimated as the MID for clinicians' perception, as a result of the receiver operating curve. Then, using the patient-reported anchor, an improvement of 1.36 in the AVQI was estimated as the MID for patients' voice-related disability. The distribution-based approach also ensured the anchor-based results of both the MIDs. CONCLUSIONS: The AVQI is a reliable and valid tool for evaluating voice quality, and a 0.95 decrease in the AVQI represents a meaningful improvement for clinicians' perception, whereas a 1.36 decrease in the AVQI influences patients' self-reported disability. This study contributes to understanding the minimal change necessary for clinicians to make informed decisions and ensure patient satisfaction. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3 Laryngoscope, 134:2805-2811, 2024.


Assuntos
Qualidade da Voz , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Distúrbios da Voz/diagnóstico , Distúrbios da Voz/terapia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Idoso , Disfonia/diagnóstico , Disfonia/terapia , Disfonia/fisiopatologia , Diferença Mínima Clinicamente Importante , Resultado do Tratamento , Acústica da Fala
19.
Mult Scler Relat Disord ; 82: 105378, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38142514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Impairments in voice quality in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) have recently been investigated and different results were found. A voice-centered multidimensional assessment protocol with patient-reported outcome measures was conducted to evaluate all the aspects of the voice changes. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to compare the objective, subjective, and perceptual measures of voice between the people with MS and the healthy control group. METHODS: A total of 128 participants, including 64 people with MS age, and gender-matched healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Subjective, objective, and auditory-perceptual voice assessments of the participants were performed. The auditory-perceptual evaluation was performed with GRBAS. The Dysphonia Severity index was computed for both groups. All the participants completed the Turkish version of The Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10) and the Voice-Related Quality of Life (VRQoL). RESULTS: Acoustic and aerodynamic parameters of voice were found significantly different for both males and females between the MS and control group. DSI was found significantly different for both males and females in the MS group compared to the control group (p<0.05). All components of the GRBAS scale were significantly higher in the MS group (p<0.001). Using a multivariate regression model, it was determined that age, gender, EDSS score, number of MS attacks, and disease duration did not affect the DSI. The overall VHI-10 score was higher in the MS group (median=1.0 range= 0-28) and lower in the control group (median=0 range= 0-4). The mean VRQoL was lower in the MS group (median=95 range= 62.5-100) than in controls (median=100 range= 85-100) (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that people with MS have significant differences in acoustic and aerodynamic parameters of voice compared to healthy individuals. A significant number of persons with MS are aware that their voice problem affects their quality of life. People with MS must be monitored for voice changes and a multidimensional voice assessment protocol should be implemented.


Assuntos
Disfonia , Esclerose Múltipla , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Disfonia/diagnóstico , Disfonia/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Esclerose Múltipla/complicações , Qualidade da Voz , Acústica , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
20.
CoDAS ; 36(1): e20220327, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520730

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Investigar se existem diferenças nas medidas acústicas cepstrais e espectrais entre mulheres com disfonia comportamental com e sem lesão laríngea, bem como verificar se existe correlação entre tais medidas e o julgamento perceptivo-auditivo da qualidade vocal. Método Participaram 78 mulheres com disfonia comportamental sem lesão laríngea (DCSL) e 68 com disfonia comportamental com lesão laríngea (nódulos vocais) (DCCL). Foram extraídas as medidas CPP (cepstral peak prominence), CPPS (cepstral peak prominence smoothed), declínio espectral e H1-H2 (diferença entre a amplitude do primeiro e do segundo harmônico), assim como o julgamento perceptivo-auditivo (JPA) do grau geral de desvio vocal (GG), graus de rugosidade (GR), de soprosidade (GS) e de tensão (GT). Resultados Mulheres com DCCL apresentaram maiores valores de H1-H2 e menores valores no CPP e CPPS, em relação às mulheres com DCSL. As vozes mais desviadas apresentaram menores valores do CPP e CPPS. As vozes soprosas apresentaram menores valores de CPP e CPPS, assim como maior valor de H1-H2 em relação às vozes rugosas. Houve correlação negativa fraca entre o CPP e o GR, negativa moderada com o GG e negativa forte com o GS. O CPPS apresentou correlação negativa moderada com o GG, GR e GS. A medida H1-H2 apresentou correlação positiva fraca com o GS. Houve correlação positiva fraca entre o declínio espectral e o GT. Conclusão As medidas acústicas H1-H2, CPP e CPPS apresentam diferenças entre mulheres com DCSL e DCCL. Além disso, há correlação entre as medidas cepstrais e espectrais e os diferentes parâmetros do JPA.


ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate whether there are differences in cepstral and spectral acoustic measures between women with behavioral dysphonia with and without laryngeal lesions and verify whether there is a correlation between such measures and the auditory-perceptual evaluation of voice quality. Methods The sample comprised 78 women with behavioral dysphonia without laryngeal lesions (BDWOL) and 68 with behavioral dysphonia with laryngeal lesions (vocal nodules) (BDWL). Cepstral peak prominence (CPP), cepstral peak prominence-smoothed (CPPS), spectral decrease, and H1-H2 (difference between the amplitude of the first and second harmonics) were extracted. They were submitted to the auditory-perceptual evaluation (APE) of the grade of hoarseness (GH), roughness (RO), breathiness (BR), and strain (ST). Results BDWL women had higher H1-H2 values and lower CPP and CPPS values than BDWOL women. More deviant voices had lower CPP and CPPS values. Breathy voices had lower CPP and CPPS values and higher H1-H2 values than rough ones. There was a weak negative correlation between CPP and RO, a moderate negative correlation with GH, and a strong negative correlation with BR. CPPS had a moderate negative correlation with GH, RO, and BR. H1-H2 had a weak positive correlation with BR. There was a weak positive correlation between spectral decrease and ST. Conclusion H1-H2, CPP, and CPPS were different between BDWOL and BDWL women. Furthermore, cepstral and spectral measures were correlated with the different APE parameters.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA