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1.
Bone ; 166: 116575, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36195245

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) have high proliferative and multilineage differentiation potential in mesenchymal stem cells. However, several studies have indicated that there are individual differences in the potential for osteogenic differentiation of DPSCs, and the factors determining these differences are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To identify the genes responsible for the individual differences in the osteogenic differentiation ability of DPSCs. METHODS: We divided DPSCs into high and low osteogenic differentiation ability groups (HG or LG) with ALP and von Kossa stain, and compared the gene expression patterns using RNA-seq. In addition, genes that may affect osteogenic differentiation were knocked down using small interfering RNA (siRNA) and their effects were investigated. RESULTS: The RNA-seq patterns revealed that VCAM1 and GFPT2 were significantly expressed at higher levels in the HG than in the LG. The results of siRNA analysis showed that VCAM1 and GFPT2 knockdown significantly reduced the expression of osteogenic markers. Furthermore, we analyzed the involvement of these two genes in cell signaling in DPSC differentiation. The results indicated that the VCAM1-mediated Ras-MEK-Erk and PI3K/Akt pathways are involved in the osteogenic differentiation of DPSCs, and that GFPT2-mediated HBP signaling influences the osteogenic differentiation of DPSCs. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that DPSCs that highly express VCAM1 and GFPT2 have a high capacity for osteogenic differentiation. Evaluation of VCAM1 and GFPT2 expression in undifferentiated DPSCs may predict the outcome of bone regenerative therapy using DPSCs. Moreover, the expression levels of VCAM1 and GFPT2 in DPSCs may be useful in setting criteria for selecting donors for allogeneic cell transplantation for bone regeneration.


Assuntos
Osteogênese , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular , Humanos , Osteogênese/genética , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/genética , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Polpa Dentária , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Osteoblastos , Células Cultivadas , Proliferação de Células
2.
Noncoding RNA Res ; 8(1): 89-95, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36439972

RESUMO

Human periodontal ligament-derived cells are important seed cells for periodontal regeneration, and their osteogenic potential closely affects alveolar bone repair and periodontal regeneration. Human periodontal ligament stem cells are pluripotent stem cells of mesenchymal origin, which can differentiate in osteoblasts and cementoblasts. However, the molecular mechanism of this differentiation activity is poorly studied. Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) belong to RNAs, which do not encode proteins and represent a large segment of the human transcriptome, mainly including microRNAs (miRNAs), long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), and circular RNAs (circRNAs). It was shown that ncRNAs is involved in the proliferation and differentiation of cells, epigenetic modifications, apoptosis, as well as in complex control and pathogenesis of various diseases. NcRNAs are actively involved in the regulation of osteogenic genes in human periodontal ligament-derived cells. This article reviews the research progress of ncRNAs in the regulatory targets, pathways and functions of ncRNAs in the osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament-derived cells.

3.
Carbohydr Polym ; 301(Pt A): 120299, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36436865

RESUMO

We develop a kind of photocurable liquid crystal hydrogels with bone extracellular matrix (ECM)-like liquid crystal state and viscoelasticity, as well as different chargeability. First, positively charged chitin whiskers (CHWs) and negatively charged maleic anhydride chitin whiskers (mCHWs) were prepared, which further self-assemble to form chiral nematic liquid crystals under ultrasonic treatment, respectively. Subsequently, poly (ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) and photo initiator were added, and then two kinds of liquid crystal hydrogels with bone ECM-like viscoelasticity and different chargeability were prepared under ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. Benefiting from the bone ECM-like liquid crystal state and viscoelasticity, the prepared liquid crystal hydrogels exhibit remarkable cell affinity and osteogenic ability. Moreover, the liquid crystal hydrogel with negatively charged mCHWs is more favorable for cell adhesion, spreading and osteogenic differentiation than that with positively charged CHWs. This work provides a promising strategy to prepare the hydrogels with bone ECM-like liquid crystal properties and viscoelasticity for bone repair.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Cristais Líquidos , Animais , Hidrogéis/química , Quitina/química , Osteogênese , Vibrissas
4.
Bioact Mater ; 20: 598-609, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35846837

RESUMO

There is a continuing need for artificial bone substitutes for bone repair and reconstruction, Magnesium phosphate bone cement (MPC) has exceptional degradable properties and exhibits promising biocompatibility. However, its mechanical strength needs improved and its low osteo-inductive potential limits its therapeutic application in bone regeneration. We functionally modified MPC by using a polymeric carboxymethyl chitosan-sodium alginate (CMCS/SA) gel network. This had the advantages of: improved compressive strength, ease of handling, and an optimized interface for bioactive bone in-growth. The new composites with 2% CMCS/SA showed the most favorable physicochemical properties, including mechanical strength, wash-out resistance, setting time, injectable time and heat release. Biologically, the composite promoted the attachment and proliferation of osteoblast cells. It was also found to induce osteogenic differentiation in vitro, as verified by expression of osteogenic markers. In terms of molecular mechanisms, data showed that new bone cement activated the Wnt pathway through inhibition of the phosphorylation of ß-catenin, which is dependent on focal adhesion kinase. Through micro-computed tomography and histological analysis, we found that the MPC-CMCS/SA scaffolds, compared with MPC alone, showed increased bone regeneration in a rat calvarial defect model. Overall, our study suggested that the novel composite had potential to help repair critical bone defects in clinical practice.

5.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 127-138, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35475029

RESUMO

Calcium phosphates (CaP) are widely used synthetic bone graft substitutes, having bioactivity that is regulated by a set of intertwined physico-chemical and structural properties. While some CaPs have shown to be as effective in regenerating large bone defects as autologous bone, there is still the need to understand the role of individual material properties in CaP performance. Here, we aimed to decouple the effects of chemical composition and surface-microstructure of a beta-tricalcium phosphate (TCP) ceramic, with proven osteoinductive potential, on human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSCs) differentiation. To this end, we replicated the surface structure of the TCP ceramic into polylactic acid without inorganic additives, or containing the chemical constituents of the ceramic, i.e., a calcium salt, a phosphate salt, or TCP powder. The microstructure of the different materials was characterized by confocal laser profilometry. hMSCs were cultured on the materials, and the expression of a set of osteogenic genes was determined. The cell culture medium was collected and the levels of calcium and phosphate ions were quantified by inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The results revealed that none of the tested combinations of properties in polymer/composite replicas was as potent in supporting the osteogenic differentiation of hMSCs as the original ceramic. Nevertheless, we observed some effects of the surface structure in the absence of inorganics, as well as combined effects of surface structure and the added salts, in particular calcium, on osteogenic differentiation. The approach presented here can be used to study the role of independent properties in other CaP-based biomaterials.

6.
Cytokine ; 161: 156058, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36209650

RESUMO

Understanding the crosstalk between endothelial cells (ECs) and bone-marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in response to hypoxic environments and deciphering of the underlying mechanisms are of great relevance for better application of BMSCs in tissue engineering. Here, we demonstrated that hypoxia promoted BMSCs proliferation, colony formation, osteogenic markers expression, mineralization, and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) phosphorylation, and that PD98059 (ERK inhibitor) blocked hypoxia-induced osteogenic differentiation. Hypoxia enhanced ECs migration, cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) and integrin αvß3 expression, and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) secretion. NS398 (selective COX-2 inhibitor) and LM609 (integrin αvß3 specific inhibitor) impaired the ECs response to hypoxia, and exogenous PGE2 partially reversed the effects of NS398. BMSCs: ECs co-culture under hypoxia upregulated BMSCs osteogenesis and ERK phosphorylation, as well as ECs migration, integrin αvß3 expression, and PGE2 and VEGF secretion. NS398 (pretreated ECs) lessened PGE2, VEGF concentrations of the co-culture system. NS398-treated ECs and AH6809 (combined EP1/2 antagonist)/L-798106 (selective EP3 antagonist)/L-161982 (selective EP4 antagonist)/SU5416 [VEGF receptor (VEGFR) inhibitor]-treated BMSCs impaired the co-cultured ECs-induced enhancement of BMSCs osteogenic differentiation. In conclusion, hypoxia enhances BMSCs proliferation and ERK-mediated osteogenic differentiation, and augments the COX-2-dependent PGE2 and VEGF release, integrin αvß3 expression, and migration of ECs. COX-2/PGE2/VEGF signaling is involved in intercellular BMSCs: ECs communication under hypoxia.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteogênese , Humanos , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Hipóxia/metabolismo , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Integrinas , Células Cultivadas
7.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 222: 113016, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36427406

RESUMO

Bone tissue engineering requires a material that can simultaneously promote osteogenic differentiation and anti-inflammatory effects at specific times in response to a series of problems after bone implantation. In this study, the porous network-like titanium matrix was constructed and polypyrrole/dexamethasone (Ppy/Dex) composite coatings with three-dimensional nano-network structure were prepared by electrochemical deposition. The biocompatibility of the composite coatings was further improved by the composite of the extracellular matrix (ECM). The Ppy/Dex/ECM composite coatings released Dex by changing the redox state of Ppy under the electrical stimulation of negative pulses, achieving a drug release controlled by electric field. In terms of osteogenic differentiation, the Ppy/Dex/ECM composite coatings exhibited the best osteogenic activity under electrical controlled release, indicating the synergistic effect of Dex and ECM on osteogenic differentiation. In terms of anti-inflammatory properties, ECM exhibited simultaneous inhibition of both pro- and anti-inflammatory process, while Dex demonstrated significant promotion of anti-inflammatory processes. In this work, the effect of electrical controlled drug release on osteogenic differentiation and inflammation in the ECM cell microenvironment was achieved by preparing Ppy/Dex/ECM composite coatings, which is of great significance for bone tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

8.
Biomater Adv ; 143: 213173, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36356468

RESUMO

The application of bone substitutes to reconstruct bone defects is a strategy for repairing alveolar bone loss caused by periodontal disease. Bioactive glasses (BGs) are attractive synthetic bone substitutes owing to their abilities to degrade, form bone-like mineral and stimulate bone regeneration. Our previous studies showed that the incorporation of fluoride into alkali-free bioactive silicate glass promoted osteogenesis to some extent in vitro, while the incorporation of chloride facilitated glass degradation and accelerated the formation of hydroxyapatite. However, whether there is a synergistic effect of incorporating fluoride and chloride on further enhancement of osteogenesis and angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo was not known. Therefore, we synthesized three halide-containing BGs with fluoride only, or chloride only, or mixed fluoride and chloride, investigated their physicochemical properties and osteogenic and angiogenic effects both in vitro and in vivo. The results showed that the addition of both fluoride and chloride in a bioactive silicate glass could combine the structural roles of both, leading to a faster apatite formation than the glass with the presence of fluoride only and a more stable fluorapatite formation than the glass with the presence of chloride only, which formed hydroxyapatite upon immersion. The studied BGs were cytocompatible, as suggested by the cytotoxicity evaluation of hPDLSCs cultivated in the extracted BGs-conditioned culture media. More importantly, these BGs stimulated osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs without adding growth factors as indicated by the fact that BGs-conditioned media up-regulated the expression of BMP-2, OPN and VEGF of hPDLSCs and promoted the formation of bone nodules and collagen in vitro. By comparison, the incorporation of fluoride facilitated the expression of osteogenic-related biomarkers and bone nodule formation preferentially, while the incorporation of chloride induced the expression of angiogenic-related biomarkers and collagen formation. The in vivo investigation results demonstrated that the developed halide-containing BGs accelerated the process of bone regeneration, while the glass with mixed fluoride and chloride showed the most significant promotion effect among the three BGs. Therefore, our findings revealed a synergistic effect of incorporating fluoride and chloride into a BG on osteogenesis and angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo and highlighted the potential of fluoride and chloride containing bioactive glasses being bone substitutes for clinical use.


Assuntos
Substitutos Ósseos , Osteogênese , Substitutos Ósseos/química , Fluoretos/farmacologia , Cloretos/farmacologia , Hidroxiapatitas/farmacologia
9.
Am J Transl Res ; 14(10): 7027-7039, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36398274

RESUMO

To study the effect of miR-153-3p on the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in a high glucose environment and its potential mechanism. The results showed that high glucose inhibited the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs, and the expression of miR-153-3p increased during osteogenic differentiation. Further experiments found that in BMSCs induced by high glucose, overexpression of miR-153-3p inhibited the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs, and the expressions of osteogenesis-related genes bone sialoprotein, Collagen I and alkaline phosphatase were down-regulated, while silencing of miR-153-3p alleviated the inhibition effect. The dual-luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed that the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of runt related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) had a targeted binding site with miR-153-3p and a negative regulatory effect. Molecular studies further confirmed that miR-153-3p inhibited the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs by targeting the 3'-UTR of RUNX2. In conclusion, our study found that as one key regulator of high glucose affecting the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs, miR-153-3p may play a negative regulatory role by inhibiting the expression of RUNX2.

10.
Hum Cell ; 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401086

RESUMO

Alteration of N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is closely linked to spanning biological processes including osteoporosis (OP) development. This research focuses on the function of methyltransferase like 14 (METTL14) in bone turnover and its interaction with T cell factor 1 (TCF1). A mouse model of OP was established by ovariectomy (OVX). The bone mass parameters were evaluated by micro-CT analysis. Mouse MC3T3-E1 cells and mouse bone marrow macrophages (BMMs) were induced for osteogenic or osteoclastic differentiation, respectively, for in vitro experiments. The osteogenesis or osteoclasis activity was analyzed by measuring the biomarkers such as OPG, ALP, NFATC1, CTSK, RANKL, and TRAP. RT-qPCR and IHC assays identified reduced METTL14 expression in bone tissues of osteoporotic patients and ovariectomized mice. Artificial METTL14 overexpression increased bone mass of mice and promoted osteogenesis whereas suppressed osteoclasis both in vivo and in vitro. METTL14 promoted TCF1 expression through m6A mRNA methylation, and TCF1 increased the osteogenic activity by elevating the protein level of RUNX2, a key molecule linked to bone formation. In rescue experiments, TCF1 restored the RUNX2 level and osteogenic activity of cells suppressed by METTL14 silencing. In summary, this research demonstrates that METTL14 plays a protective role against OP by promoting the TCF1/RUNX2 axis.

11.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 17: 5327-5338, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36411765

RESUMO

Introduction: Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) has good biosafety and chemical stability for bone repair. However, PEEK is biologically inert and cannot promote bone apposition. This study investigated whether graphene-modified PEEK (G-PEEK) could improve cell adhesion and osteogenic differentiation. Methods: G-PEEK was prepared by melted blending and was characterized. In vitro, the biocompatibility of G-PPEK and the ability to promote cell adhesion and osteogenic differentiation in rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs) were examined using live and dead cell double staining, the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, immunofluorescence and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT‒PCR). An in vivo rabbit extra-articular graft-to-bone healing model was established. At 4 and 12 weeks after surgery, CT analysis and histological evaluation were performed. Results: In vitro, G-PEEK significantly improved the adhesion and proliferation of rBMSCs, with good biocompatibility. In vivo, G-PEEK promoted new bone formation at the site of the bone defect. Conclusion: G-PEEK showed excellent osteogenesis performance, which promises new applications in implant materials.


Assuntos
Grafite , Osteogênese , Animais , Coelhos , Adesão Celular , Grafite/química , Polímeros , Cetonas/farmacologia , Cetonas/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química
12.
Int J Med Sci ; 19(13): 1879-1887, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36438924

RESUMO

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has been reported potentiate osteogenic differentiation, while Docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), another Omega-3 fatty acid, its contribution to the osteogenic differentiation of human bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (hBMSCs) is not entirely elucidated. The Alizarin Red S (ARS) staining and the expression of osteogenesis­associated genes were analyzed during osteogenic induction by DPA. Then, bioinformatics analysis and dual luciferase reporter assays were investigated to confirm the interactions between miR-9-5p and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). miR-9-5p mimics / inhibitor were transfected to human hBMSCs and the osteogenic assay above was also performed. Furthermore, DPA significantly promoted the phosphorylation of ERK via miR-9-5p. PD98059, a highly specific and potent ERK1/2 inhibitor, inhibited the activation of ALP and partially reversed the role of DPA during osteogenic differentiation. These data indicated that DPA promoted osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs potentially through miR-9-5p/ERK/ALP signaling pathway, providing a potentially useful therapeutic strategy for patients to improve bone loss.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Osteogênese/genética , Fosfatase Alcalina/genética , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/genética , Células Cultivadas , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética
13.
Int J Biochem Cell Biol ; : 106341, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36442735

RESUMO

Bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9) is an effective osteogenic factor and a promising candidate for bone tissue engineering. The osteoblastic potential of BMP9 needs to be further increased to overcome its shortcomings. However, the details of how BMP9 triggers osteogenic differentiation in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are unclear. In this study, we used real-time PCR, western blot, histochemical staining, mouse ectopic bone formation model, immunofluorescence, immunoprecipitation, and chromatin immunoprecipitation to investigate the role of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 4 (PDK4) in BMP9-induced osteogenic differentiation of C3H10T1/2 cells, as well as the underlying mechanism. We found that PDK4 was upregulated by BMP9 in C3H10T1/2 cells. BMP9-induced osteogenic markers and bone mass were increased by PDK4 overexpression, but decreased by PDK4 silencing. ß-catenin protein level was increased by BMP9, which was enhanced by PDK overexpression and decreased by PDK4 silencing. BMP9-induced osteogenic markers were reduced by PDK4 silencing, which was almost reversed by ß-catenin overexpression. PDK4 increased the BMP9-induced osteogenic markers, which was almost eliminated by ß-catenin silencing. Sclerostin was mildly decreased by BMP9 or PDK4, and significantly decreased by combined BMP9 and PDK4. In contrast, sclerostin increased significantly when BMP9 was combined with PDK4 silencing. BMP9-induced p-SMAD1/5/9 was increased by PDK4 overexpression, but was reduced by PDK4 silencing. PDK4 interacts with p-SMAD1/5/9 and regulates the sclerostin promoter. These findings suggest that PDK4 can increase the osteogenic potential of BMP9 by enhancing Wnt/ß-catenin signaling via the downregulation of sclerostin. PDK4 may be an effective target to strengthen BMP9-induced osteogenesis.

14.
Acta Biomater ; 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36442823

RESUMO

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanotubes can improve the osseointegration of pure titanium implants, but this exact mechanism has not been fully elucidated. The purinergic receptor P2Y6 is expressed in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and participates in the regulation of bone metabolism. However, it is unclear as to whether P2Y6 is involved in the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs induced by TiO2 nanotubes. TiO2 nanotubes were prepared on the surface of titanium specimens using the anodizing method and characterized their features. Quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and western blotting were used to detect the expression of P2Y6, markers of osteogenic differentiation, and PKCα-ERK1/2. A rat femoral defect model was established to evaluate the osseointegration effect of TiO2 nanotubes combined with P2Y6 agonists. The results showed that the average inner diameter of the TiO2 nanotubes increased with an increase in voltage (voltage range of 30-90V), and the expression of P2Y6 in BMSCs could be upregulated by TiO2 nanotubes in osteogenic culture. Inhibition of P2Y6 expression partially inhibited the osteogenic effect of TiO2 nanotubes and downregulated the activity of the PKCα-ERK1/2 pathway. When using in vitro and in vivo experiments, the osteogenic effect of TiO2 nanotubes when combined with P2Y6 agonists was more pronounced. TiO2 nanotubes promoted the P2Y6 expression of BMSCs during osteogenic differentiation and promoted osteogenesis by activating the PKCα-ERK1/2 pathway. The combined application of TiO2 nanotubes and P2Y6 agonists may be an effective new strategy to improve the osseointegration of titanium implants. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanotubes can improve the osseointegration of pure titanium implants, but this exact mechanism has not been fully elucidated. The purinergic receptor P2Y6 is expressed in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and participates in the regulation of bone metabolism. However, it is unclear as to whether P2Y6 is involved in the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs induced by TiO2 nanotubes. For the first time, this study revealed the relationship between TiO2 nanotubes and purine receptor P2Y6, and further explored its mode of action, which may provide clues as to the regulatory role of TiO2 nanotubes on osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. These findings will help to develop novel methods for guiding material design and biosafety evaluation of nano implants.

15.
Mol Biotechnol ; 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36443618

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus (DM) affects bone metabolism and causes osteoporosis. Musashi 1 (MSI1), a member of the Musashi family, regulates protein expression by targeting protein mRNA and has been reported to play an important role in osteogenic differentiation. Therefore, this paper attempts to explore the role of MSI1 in diabetic osteoporosis and discussing its specific mechanism. The glucose concentration for high glucose (HG) and control MC3T3-E1 cells were 30 and 5.5 mM. MC3T3-E1 cells induced by high glucose (HG) were used to simulate diabetic osteoporosis in vivo. The interaction between MSI1 and microtubule actin crosslinking factor 1 (MACF1) was confirmed by RNA Immunoprecipitation (RIP). The mRNA and protein expressions of MSI1 and MACF1 in MC3T3-E1 cells and HG-induced MC3T3-E1 cells after indicated transfection were tested by Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) assay and western blot. After transfection, the proliferation, apoptosis, and osteogenic differentiation of HG-induced MC3T3-E1 cells were detected by cell counting kit (CCK)-8, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity assay, and alizarin red staining. The expression of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway-related proteins in HG-induced MC3T3-E1 cells after transfection was detected by western blot. This work shows that MSI1 can combine with MACF1. The expression of MSI1 and MACF1 was increased in HG-induced MC3T3-E1 cells. Upregulation of MSI1 promoted the proliferative and differentiative capabilities, but inhibited the apoptosis of HG-insulted MC3T3-E1 cells, which could be reversed by MACF1 knockdown. MSI1 stabilizes MACF1 to suppress apoptosis and promote osteogenic differentiation in HG-induced MC3T3-E1 cells by inhibiting Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway.

16.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 14(21): 8839-8855, 2022 11 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: lncRNA, a type of non-coding RNA, plays an important role in the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs). In this study, lncRNA and mRNA microarrays were performed to study the change of gene expression during osteogenic differentiation of BM-MSCs. We focused on Hedgehog interacting protein (HHIP), because HHIP mRNA and lncRNA HHIP-AS1 were gradually down-regulated on days 0, 7, and 14 during osteogenic differentiation. In addition, the gene coding lncRNA HHIP-AS1 is located on the anti-sense of Hhip gene, implying the potential interaction between lncRNA HHIP-AS1 and HHIP mRNA. METHODS: BM-MSCs with over-expressed or silenced lncRNA HHIP-AS1 were constructed to explore the biological role of HHIP-AS1 in osteogenic differentiation. BM-MSCs were lysed to determine the alkaline phosphatase activity. Fluorescence in situ hybridization and immunofluorescence were performed to analyze HHIP-AS1, HHIP, RUNX2 and osteocalcin. RESULTS: Overexpression of lncRNA HHIP-AS1 increased HHIP expression, which suppressed Hedgehog signaling pathway, as indicated by the reduction of SMO, Gli1 and Gli2. The suppression of Hedgehog signal was associated with the inhibited osteogenesis. HHIP knockdown abolished the suppression of osteogenesis induced by lncRNA HHIP-AS1 overexpression. Through binding to HHIP mRNA, lncRNA HHIP-AS1 recruited ELAVL1 to HHIP mRNA, whereby increasing the mRNA stability and the protein level. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that down-regulation of HHIP due to lncRNA HHIP-AS1 reduction promoted the osteogenic differentiation of BM-MSCs though removing the suppression of Hedgehog signal.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , RNA Longo não Codificante , Proteínas Hedgehog/genética , Osteogênese/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Diferenciação Celular/genética , RNA Mensageiro , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Células Cultivadas
17.
Photochem Photobiol ; 2022 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36437584

RESUMO

Increasing evidence suggests stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs) serve as desirable sources of dentin regeneration. Photobiomodulation (PBM) has shown great potential in enhancing the proliferation and osteogenesis of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMMSCs). However, the specific role of PBM in odontogenic differentiation of SHEDs is little know, and we further investigated potential mechanism of PBM osteo/odontogenisis. A 980 nm diode laser with different energy densities of (0.5, 5, 10 J/cm2 ) in a 100-mW continuous wave was used for irradiation every 24h. Osteo/odontogenic differentiation of SHEDs was achieved by performing alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and alizarin red staining (ARS) and osteo/odontogenic markers were also evaluated by qRT-PCR and western blotting. Additionally, western blot and immunohistochemical staining were performed to evaluate the levels of BMP/Smad and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling-related proteins. We found that PBM at 5 J/cm2 increased mineral deposition, and upregulated the expression of related osteo/odontogenic markers along with the elevated expression of ß-catenin and phosphorylation level of Smad1/5/9. Furthermore, Wnt signaling inhibition using DKK1 and BMP signaling inhibition using noggin inhibited PBM-induced osteo/odontogenic marker expression when used individually or jointly. In conclusion, PBM induces the osteo/odontogenic differentiation of SHEDs through cross-talk between BMP/Smad and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathways.

18.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 1011853, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338134

RESUMO

Bioactive coatings are promising for improving osseointegration and the long-term success of titanium dental or orthopaedic implants. Biomimetic octacalcium phosphate (OCP) coating can be used as a carrier for osteoinductive agents. κ-Carrageenan, a highly hydrophilic and biocompatible seaweed-derived sulfated-polysaccharide, promotes pre-osteoblast activity required for bone regeneration. Whether κ-carrageenan can functionalize OCP-coating to enhance osseointegration of titanium implants is unclear. This study aimed to analyze carrageenan-functionalized biomimetic OCP-coated titanium structure, and effects of carrageenan functionalization on pre-osteoblast behavior and osteogenic differentiation. Titanium discs were coated with OCP/κ-carrageenan at 0.125-2 mg/ml OCP solution, and physicochemical and biological properties were investigated. κ-Carrageenan (2 mg/ml) in the OCP coating of titanium discs decreased the pore size in the sheet-like OCP crystal by 41.32%. None of the κ-carrageenan concentrations tested in the OCP-coating did affect hydrophilicity. However, κ-carrageenan (2 mg/ml) increased (1.26-fold) MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblast spreading at 1 h i.e., κ-Carrageenan in the OCP-coating increased pre-osteoblast proliferation (max. 1.92-fold at 2 mg/ml, day 1), metabolic activity (max. 1.50-fold at 2 mg/ml, day 3), and alkaline phosphatase protein (max. 4.21-fold at 2 mg/ml, day 3), as well as matrix mineralization (max. 5.45-fold at 2 mg/ml, day 21). κ-Carrageenan (2 mg/ml) in the OCP-coating increased gene expression of Mepe (4.93-fold) at day 14, and Runx2 (2.94-fold), Opn (3.59-fold), Fgf2 (3.47-fold), Ocn (3.88-fold), and Dmp1 (4.59-fold) at day 21 in pre-osteoblasts. In conclusion, κ-carrageenan modified the morphology and microstructure of OCP-coating on titanium discs, and enhanced pre-osteoblast metabolic activity, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation. This suggests that κ-carrageenan-functionalized OCP coating may be promising for in vivo improvement of titanium implant osseointegration.

19.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 1028278, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338136

RESUMO

The repair and reconstruction of bone defects remain a challenge in orthopedics. The present study offers a solution to this problem by developing a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) shell-core microspheres loaded on 3D-printed porous titanium alloy via gelatin coating to prepare a titanium-alloy microsphere scaffold release system. The composite scaffold was characterized via scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy disperse spectroscopy (EDS), and the effect of the composite scaffold on the adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation of osteoblasts were determined in vitro. Furthermore, a rabbit femoral defect model was established to verify the effect of the composite scaffold on osteogenesis and bone formation in vivo. The results demonstrated that the composite scaffold could release VEGF and BMP-2 sequentially. Meanwhile, the composite scaffold significantly promoted osteoblast adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation (p < 0.05) compared to pure titanium alloy scaffolds in vitro. Furthermore, the composite scaffold can exhibit significant osteogenic differentiation (p < 0.05) than gelatin-coated titanium alloy scaffolds. The in vivo X-rays demonstrated that the implanted scaffolds were in a good position, without inflammation and infection. Micro-CT and quantitative results of new bone growth illustrated that the amount of new bone in the composite scaffold is significantly higher than that of the gelatin-coated and pure titanium alloy scaffolds (p < 0.05). Similarly, the fluorescence labeling and V-G staining of hard tissue sections indicated that the bone integration capacity of the composite scaffold was significantly higher than the other two groups (p < 0.05). This research suggests that VEGF/BMP-2 shell-core microspheres loaded on 3D-printed titanium alloy porous scaffold through gelatin hydrogel coating achieved the sequential release of VEGF and BMP-2. Most importantly, the in vitro and in vivo study findings have proven that the system could effectively promote osteogenic differentiation and osseointegration.

20.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-18, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36369887

RESUMO

Whether long non-coding RNA Mir-99a-Let-7c Cluster Host Gene (LncRNA MIR99AHG) is involved in osteoporosis (OP) remains vague, so we hereby center on its implication. Old C57BL/6J mice were injected with the silencing lentivirus of MIR99AHG and subjected to microCT analysis and immunohistochemistry on osteogenic cells. The osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) with or without transfection was determined by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and Alizarin Red S staining. Total N(6)-methyladenosine (m6A) on the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) was quantified. The potential methylation site and the complementary binding sites with candidate microRNA (miR) were predicted via bioinformatic analyses, with the latter being confirmed via dual-luciferase reporter, RNA immunoprecipitation and RNA pull-down assays. Quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot were used for quantification assays. MIR99AHG was decreased during the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs, where increased Osterix (OSX), Collagen, Type I, Alpha 1 (Col1A1), Osteocalcin (OCN) and RUNX Family Transcription Factor 2 (RUNX2) as well as more color-stained areas were found. Also, silencing MIR99AHG relieved the OP in mice and reduced the loss of osteogenic cells. M6A methylation in undifferentiated BMSCs was low and MIR99AHG overexpression abolished the effects of overexpressed METTL3 on promoting osteogenic differentiation. MiR-4660, which was downregulated in BMSCs without differentiation but increased during osteogenic differentiation, could bind with MIR99AHG. Furthermore, miR-4660 promoted osteogenic differentiation and reversed the effects of overexpressed MIR99AHG. The present study demonstrated that METTL3-mediated LncRNA MIR99AHG methylation enhanced the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs via targeting miR-4660.

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