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1.
J Aging Stud ; 59: 100971, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794716

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has underscored how everyday information and communication technology (EICT), such as online banking, e-shopping, or e-mail, are essential for individuals of all ages to maintain activity engagement, health, and well-being. Yet, older adults are often stereotypically portrayed as incapable, technophobic, or unwilling to engage in EICT. This may further contribute to the digital divide, as age stereotypes have the power to act like self-fulfilling prophecies and impede older adults' engagement in complex everyday life tasks. This study aimed to shed light on internalized ageism as manifested in older non-users' narrations about EICT use. It further explored how age stereotypes in the context of EICT are constructed and perpetuated through disempowering and ageist environments. A qualitative approach was applied, performing semi-structured interviews in participants' homes (N = 15). Data were analyzed following the principles of qualitative content analysis, applying both deductive categorization and inductive coding. Internalized ageism appeared to be an omnipresent element in older adults' narrations about EICT non-use. This was reflected in the four subcategories "competence and learning", "relevance and use", "technology design", and "intergenerational contact". Ageism, as manifested in the social environment and the design of technology, seemingly contributed to the internalization of age stereotypes and low EICT engagement. This research calls for inclusive technology designs, ageism-free EICT learning settings, and awareness campaigns about lifelong learning to help close the digital divide and ensure optimal aging experiences for older people.


Assuntos
Ageismo , COVID-19 , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estereotipagem , Tecnologia
2.
J Aging Stud ; 59: 100974, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794719

RESUMO

While a large body of evidence suggests potential cultural variations in the experiences of subjective aging, very little is known about how members of Asian cultures feel about their aging. This study aims to acquire an in-depth understanding of subjective aging and its cultural/societal contexts among older Korean adults. In-depth face-to-face interviews were conducted with 20 community-dwelling Korean adults over age 65. Guided by the Stereotype Embodiment Theory, open-ended questions were asked to address how exposure to cultural/societal views about older adults relate to individuals' subjective aging. Data were analyzed using the constant comparative method. Seven categories were identified, which were grouped into three primary themes: 1) exposure to negative views on aging/older persons; 2) salience gain from self-relevance; and 3) influence on older adults' subjective aging. Most participants were generally not satisfied with their aging, felt they were a burden, and were prone to experience intergenerational conflicts. This may be attributed in part to their exposure to widespread negative age stereotypes and disrespect for older adults. Awareness of age-related changes and experience of age discrimination appear to be triggers through which the negative cultural/societal views on aging/older persons influence one's subjective perceptions and experience of aging. This in-depth data from an understudied population contributes to the existing literature by suggesting that the dominant-negative experience of aging among older Koreans may be better understood from socio-cultural contexts. Our findings can inform culture-specific intervention strategies to promote positive subjective aging.


Assuntos
Ageismo , Envelhecimento , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , República da Coreia , Estereotipagem
3.
J Aging Stud ; 59: 100981, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794725

RESUMO

Ageism in the manager-employee relationship is one of the main obstacles towards an age-inclusive workplace. Ageism in the labour market is rooted in the use of age as an organising principle of employment relations. This article contributes to the study of ageism in the workplace by investigating how stages of life, as normalised age categories, are mobilised through discursive practices in performance appraisals. Based on the analysis of video recordings of actual performance appraisal interviews at an Italian labour union, three discursive ways of 'doing age' - or of how age, as a constructed social category, is performed and enacted - were identified: quantification (e.g. number of years in the organisation), 'ageing within the organisation' and age-group membership identification (e.g. 'young' vs. 'old'). The analysis suggests that stages of life categories and age attributes are 'done' in social interactions and employed by both employees and managers as shared culture to sustain ongoing organisational activities, thereby reproducing discriminatory age norms and stereotypes. The study demonstrates how the ordering power of the stages of life categories is situated in organisational culture and challenges the implementation of equal and inclusive workplace policies.


Assuntos
Ageismo , Local de Trabalho , Envelhecimento , Humanos , Cultura Organizacional
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639790

RESUMO

Both COVID-19 and ageism can have a negative impact on the well-being of older people. Yet, our knowledge on the links between COVID-19, ageism and well-being is still emerging. The present study aimed to contribute to this knowledge by exploring the lived experiences of older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. To do so, we analyzed older persons' subjective experiences and perceptions of ageism arising from COVID-19-related policies and discourses in two country contexts-Austria and Ireland-and the implications of these experiences for personal well-being. Based on the thematic analysis of 27 interviews with older adults, we found that participants perceived and encountered a discriminatory homogeneous representation of older people as a group. Three specific forms of this homogenization, namely stigmatization, paternalism, and scapegoating, were identified as impact on well-being. Moreover, our analysis showed how these forms of ageism challenge both the individual and social identities of older people, revealing older participants' different attitudes in responding to this challenge. With reference to the international research literature, we discussed the impact of these experiences on the well-being of older people and the possible legal and socio-political implications of our findings.


Assuntos
Ageismo , COVID-19 , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estereotipagem
6.
J Aging Soc Policy ; 33(4-5): 305-319, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542025

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted life globally through virus-related mortality and morbidity and the social and economic impacts of actions taken to stop the virus' spread. It became evident early in the pandemic that COVID-19 and the strategies adopted to mitigate its effects would have a disproportionate impact on older adults. This special issue of the Journal of Aging & Social Policy reports original empirical research and perspectives on the ramifications of the COVID-19 pandemic for this population. This introductory essay highlights key issues pertaining to the impact of COVID-19 on older adults and their families, caregivers, and communities. The prevalence and susceptibility of COVID-19 infection in the older adult population is discussed, including the devastating consequences of the pandemic for residents and staff of long-term care facilities. This is followed by a brief examination of ageism and social isolation brought to the fore during the pandemic, as well as the adverse effects of the pandemic for the economy and racial and ethnic minority populations. It concludes with an overview of issue content.


Assuntos
Ageismo , COVID-19/etnologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Casas de Saúde , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Idoso , COVID-19/mortalidade , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
7.
Front Public Health ; 9: 662231, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540778

RESUMO

The Covid-19 pandemic has been particularly difficult for older Canadians who have experienced age discrimination. As the media can provide a powerful channel for conveying stereotypes, the current study aimed to explore how Canadian Francophone older adults and the aging process were depicted by the media during the first wave of the Covid-19 pandemic, and to examine if and how the media discourse contributed to ageist attitudes and behaviors. A content analysis of two French Canadian media op-eds and comment pieces (n = 85) published over the course of the first wave of the pandemic was conducted. Findings reveal that the aging process was mainly associated with words of decline, loss, and vulnerability. More so, older people were quasi-absent if not silent in the media discourse. Older adults were positioned as people to fight for and not as people to fight along with in the face of the pandemic. The findings from this study enhance the understanding of theories and concepts of the Theory of Social Representations and the Stereotype Content Model while outlining the importance of providing older people with a voice and a place in the shaping of public discourse around aging. Results also illustrate the transversality and influence of ageism in this linguistic minority context.


Assuntos
Ageismo , COVID-19 , Idoso , Canadá , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
8.
9.
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 29(10): 1027-1032, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389221

RESUMO

This article explores the nature and extent of barriers to access to justice that older persons experience, including those with mental health conditions. It finds that access to justice-the right to fair, prompt and responsive decisions by administrative decision-makers and equal access to courts and tribunals to obtain timely and effective remedies-is not only an important right in itself but also enables the enjoyment of many other human rights. Yet older persons, particularly those with mental health conditions, face a significant "justice gap." Ageist attitudes, laws and practices interact with other forms of bias such as mentalism, sexism, ableism, racism, homophobia, and heterosexism exacerbating older persons' disadvantage and marginalization, particularly those with mental health conditions, and older indigenous persons. These discriminatory practices, together with the phenomena of elder abuse, all severely limit older persons' access to timely and responsive justice. International and national standards, both general and specific to older persons, have been shown to be inadequate to respond to this justice gap. An international standard in the form of a binding legal obligation that specifically addresses older persons' rights of access to justice is needed urgently as part of a new international treaty on the human rights of older persons.


Assuntos
Ageismo , Transtornos Mentais , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Direitos Humanos , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Justiça Social
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444578

RESUMO

Recently, 194 World Health Organization member states called on the international organization to develop a global campaign to combat ageism, citing its alarming ubiquity, insidious threat to health, and prevalence in the media. Existing media studies of age stereotypes have mostly been single-sourced. This study harnesses a 1.1-billion-word media database comprising the British National Corpus and Corpus of Contemporary American English-with genres including spoken/television, fiction, magazines, newspapers-to provide a comprehensive view of ageism in the United Kingdom and United States. The US and UK were chosen as they are home to the largest media conglomerates with tremendous power to shape public opinion. The most commonly used synonym of older adults was identified, and its most frequently used descriptors were analyzed for valence. Such computational linguistics techniques represent a new advance in studying aging narratives. The key finding is consistent, though no less alarming: Negative descriptions of older adults outnumber positive ones by six times. Negative descriptions tend to be physical, while positive ones tend to be behavioral. Magazines contain the highest levels of ageism, followed by the spoken genre, newspapers, and fiction. Findings underscore the need to increase public awareness of ageism and lay the groundwork to design targeted societal campaigns to tackle ageism-one of our generation's most pernicious threats.


Assuntos
Ageismo , Estereotipagem , Opinião Pública , Televisão , Estados Unidos
12.
J Aging Stud ; 58: 100956, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425984

RESUMO

Using theoretical tools from trans studies and disability/crip studies, we reconceptualize the self in the context of dementia. We illustrate that most dementia discourse, scholarship and intervention emphasize a maintenance of the pre-dementia self. We argue that the compulsory biographical continuity needed to maintain the pre-dementia self is based on interlocking forms of ageism, ableism, and cogniticism, and interacts with what we call cisism (the oppressive system that discriminates against people on the basis of change) and its normative components, cisnormativity* and ciscognonormativity. After providing a critical genealogy of the term cisnormativity*, we resignify and redeploy this concept in the context of dementia, demonstrating how it is useful for critiquing compulsory biographical continuity. Following the verbs queering and cripping, we propose a transing of dementia that leads to a new conceptualization of the self that is fluid and changing, rather than one anchored in multiple oppressions.


Assuntos
Ageismo , Demência , Humanos
14.
Brasília; Conselho Nacional de Saúde; ago. 9, 2021. 3 p.
Não convencional em Português | CNS - Conselho Nacional de Saúde do Brasil | ID: biblio-1284124

RESUMO

Recomenda ad referendum do Pleno do Conselho Nacional de Saúde á Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS): I - Que reconsidere e altere a denominação do código MG2A-velhice, inserido na CID-11, para um termo de consenso a partir da consulta aos seus países membros, incluindo nesta consulta representantes de pessoas idosas, especialistas, associações, universidades e instituições que atuem no campo da saúde da pessoa idosa e do envelhecimento populacional; e II - Que o novo termo, a ser utilizado na substituição de velhice, esteja em consonância com a Década do Envelhecimento Saudável e com a declaração da própria OMS, no Relatório Global sobre o Preconceito de Idade, que "reúne as melhores evidencias disponíveis sobre a magnitude e natureza do preconceito etário, seus determinantes e seu impacto". À Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde OPAS/OMS: I - Que reforce junto à OMS a posição do Conselho Nacional de Saúde do Brasil, e das diferentes representações contrárias à inclusão do termo velhice no capítulo 21 da CID-11; e II - Que colabore com o governo brasileiro na constituição de um grupo pontual emergencial para a discussão visando à proposição de um novo termo para o código MG2A, que não fira a integridade, o respeito e os direitos humanos das pessoas idosas do Brasil, das Américas e do mundo. Ao Ministério da Saúde: I - Que constitua um grupo de trabalho emergencial, em parceria com este Conselho Nacional de Saúde, com a OPAS/OMS-Brasil, associações, universidades, representações de idosos e profissionais do campo da saúde da pessoa idosa e do envelhecimento, para a discussão e proposição à OMS de substituição do código MG2A-velhice, constante na CID-11, por outro que não fira a integridade, o respeito e os direitos humanos das pessoas idosas do Brasil, das Américas e do mundo; e II - Que o novo código a ser proposto permita que os países tenham informações sobre as causas de morte e de morbidade, de forma que as políticas públicas que visem à qualidade das ações desenvolvidas para os idosos possam ser elaboradas e fortalecidas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Direitos dos Idosos , Classificação Internacional de Doenças/normas , Estigma Social , Ageismo , Política de Saúde , Envelhecimento
15.
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 29(10): 1015-1020, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34226135

RESUMO

Although older persons wish to age at home, many older persons with mental health conditions and psychosocial disability (MHC-PSD) spend the last few years of their life in residential facilities. This paper will examine the impact of ageism and human rights violations manifested in environmental design, specifically regarding social isolation, loneliness, inadequate psychosocial, environmental, recreational and spiritual support. This is compounded by failure to meet basic care needs-nutrition, hydration, pain and medication support. This paper highlights two innovative initiatives from the Netherlands, which show that older persons' rights can be maintained in innovative, collective living arrangements. It is concluded that the creation of inclusive and safe environments for older persons with MHC-PSD can facilitate the enjoyment of Human Rights.


Assuntos
Ageismo , Pessoas com Deficiência , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Direitos Humanos , Humanos , Solidão , Saúde Mental
17.
Geriatr Nurs ; 42(4): 961-962, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229872

RESUMO

With its long commitment to addressing ageism in healthcare, the American Geriatrics Society (AGS) began addressing the intersection of racism and ageism in 2020. An AGS writing group developed five priorities that tap into our shared values as individuals and as an organization, while remaining broad enough to allow for future flexibility, growth, and opportunities. AGS members then participated in focus groups to identify an initial set of strategies that individuals, our Society, and our partners can adopt together to achieve these priorities. The AGS has also taken some smaller steps as we work to infuse attention to equity and eliminating bias across our portfolio.


Assuntos
Ageismo , Geriatria , Racismo , Atenção à Saúde , Instalações de Saúde , Humanos , Estados Unidos
19.
Hist Philos Life Sci ; 43(3): 91, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34258692

RESUMO

Ageism has unfortunately become a salient phenomenon during the COVID-19 pandemic. In particular, triage decisions based on age have been hotly discussed. In this article, I first defend that, although there are ethical reasons (founded on the principles of benefit and fairness) to consider the age of patients in triage dilemmas, using age as a categorical exclusion is an unjustifiable ageist practice. Then, I argue that ageism during the pandemic has been fueled by media narratives and unfair assumptions which have led to an ethically problematic group homogenization of the older population. Finally, I conclude that an intersectional perspective can shed light on further controversies on ageism and triage in the post-pandemic future.


Assuntos
Ageismo/ética , COVID-19/terapia , Triagem/ética , Ageismo/prevenção & controle , Ageismo/psicologia , Ageismo/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Triagem/estatística & dados numéricos
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