Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 43.674
Filtrar
Mais filtros








Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210183, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1346052

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo analisar a influência do retorno ao trabalho de mães trabalhadoras da enfermagem no aleitamento materno. Método pesquisa qualitativa, desenvolvida por meio de formulário semiestruturado, via Google Forms, junto a 49 trabalhadoras de enfermagem do estado do Rio de Janeiro. Os dados foram submetidos à análise lexicográfica, com auxílio do software Interface de R pour Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes Et de Questionnaires (IRAMUTEQ), pelo método de Nuvem de Palavras e Classificação Hierárquica Descendente. Resultados o aproveitamento do corpus textual foi de 88,24%, gerando quatro classes de segmentos de texto. As principais influências do retorno ao trabalho na amamentação relatadas pelas participantes foram: a falta de apoio dos chefes e colegas de trabalho, a necessidade de local e tempo adequados para ordenha do leite materno, a diminuição na produção de leite por fatores inerentes ao trabalho e sobrecarga e ambientes insalubres de trabalho na enfermagem. Conclusão e implicações para a prática a identificação desses fatores possibilita a compreensão das demandas das nutrizes participantes e aponta para a necessidade de estratégias inovadoras, que garantam o direito das trabalhadoras, assim como adequações de infraestrutura em seus ambientes laborais.


Resumen Objetivo analizar la influencia de la reincorporación al trabajo sobre la lactancia materna de madres lactantes trabajadoras de enfermería. Método investigación cualitativa, desarrollada a través de un formulario semiestructurado, con utilización de Google Forms, con 49 trabajadoras de enfermería en el estado de Río de Janeiro. Los datos fueron sometidos a análisis lexicográfico, con el auxilio del software Interface de R pour Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes Et de Questionnaires (IRAMUTEQ), por los métodos de Nube de Palabras y Clasificación Jerárquica Descendente. Resultados el aprovechamiento del corpus textual fue del 88,24%, y se generaron cuatro clases de segmentos textuales. Las principales influencias de la reincorporación al trabajo sobre la lactancia materna señaladas por las participantes fueron: falta de apoyo de jefes y compañeros, necesidad de disponer de lugar y tiempo adecuados para el ordeñe de la leche materna, disminución de la producción de leche por factores inherentes al trabajo y sobrecarga e insalubridad de los ambientes de trabajo en enfermería. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica la identificación de estos factores permite comprender las demandas de las madres lactantes participantes y señala la necesidad de adoptar estrategias innovadoras, que garanticen los derechos de las trabajadoras, además de adaptaciones de infraestructura en sus ambientes de trabajo.


Abstract Objective to analyze the influences of returning to work on maternal breastfeeding in mothers who are Nursing workers. Method a qualitative research developed through a semi-structured form, using Google Forms, with 49 female Nursing workers in the state of Rio de Janeiro. The data were submitted to lexicographic analysis, with the aid of the Interface de R pour Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes Et de Questionnaires (IRAMUTEQ) software, by the Word Cloud and Descending Hierarchical Classification methods. Results leverage of the text corpus was 88.24%, generating four classes of text segments. The main influences of returning to work on breastfeeding reported by the participants were as follows: lack of support from the management and coworkers, need for an adequate place and time for milking breast milk and decrease in milk production due to factors inherent to the work, in addition to overload and unhealthy working environments in Nursing. Conclusion and implications for the practice the identification of these factors enables understanding the demands of the participating nursing mothers and points to the need for innovative strategies, which guarantee the workers' rights, as well as infrastructure adaptations in their work environments.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Aleitamento Materno , Retorno ao Trabalho , Técnicos de Enfermagem , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Apoio Social , Desmame , Jornada de Trabalho , Carga de Trabalho , Licença Parental , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Extração de Leite
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211606, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1253158

RESUMO

Aim: The present study sought to investigate dental caries experience and its association with sociodemographic, postnatal and breastfeeding variables in children in the agerange from 6 to 71 months of age, in the Xingu Indigenous Park, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Methods: This was an analytical cross-sectional study that used secondary data pertaining to 402 indigenous children of the Low, Middle and Eastern Xingu regions, who participated in the Oral Health Epidemiological Survey in 2013. The dependent variable was dental caries, dichotomized by the median (dmf-t≤1 and dmf-t>1). The data of independent variables were obtained by means of instruments of the Local Health Information System of the Xingu Indigenous Special Sanitary District (DSEI). Raw analyses were performed to test the association of the independent variables with the dependent variable. The variables were tested in the multiple logistic regression model. Results: The mean value of the dmf-t index was 2.60 and the prevalence of affected children was 51%. In the multiple analysis, only children older than 36 months (OR: 6.64; CI95%: 4.11 to 10.73) and those that were breastfed for a longer period of time (OR: 1.88; CI95%: 1.16 to 3.02) showed significant association with the dmf-t>1 index. Conclusion: Childhood dental caries among indigenous children was associated with age and breastfeeding prolonged for over 26 months, therefore, pointing out the need to offer dental follow-up care at earlier ages


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Aleitamento Materno , Índios Sul-Americanos , Saúde Bucal , Cárie Dentária
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(41): e27472, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731125

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Although the number of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is on the rise, only few studies have examined the cumulative stress associated with breastfeeding after childbirth. GDM mothers are susceptible to stress due to insulin resistance, and their level of stress is associated with breastfeeding. This study aimed to identify patterns of stress change over time in GDM mothers and healthy mothers and to identify the factors influencing those patterns.The participants of this study were mothers within 14 days after childbirth. The GDM group consisted of 32 mothers, and the healthy group comprised 30 mothers. Cumulative stress was measured in terms of heart rate variability, and linear mixed models were used to analyze changes over time.The cumulative stress of healthy mothers was about 8 points higher than that of mothers with GDM (t = -2.95, P = .005). The cumulative stress level was inversely associated with the mother's age (ß=-1.20, P = .018), the mother's weight (ß=-0.64, P = .008), and the baby's body mass index (ß=-3.09, P = .038). Furthermore, an insufficient amount of breast milk was associated with higher stress (ß=16.09, P = .007).GDM mothers and healthy mothers experienced different patterns of cumulative stress. Breastfeeding should be started quickly to promote health and stress reduction among mothers who are physically and psychologically vulnerable after childbirth.It is necessary to incorporate programs to promote breastfeeding considering stress levels at an appropriate time according to the mother's health condition.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Diabetes Gestacional/psicologia , Voluntários Saudáveis/psicologia , Estresse Fisiológico/fisiologia , Adulto , Peso ao Nascer , Aleitamento Materno/métodos , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Modelos Lineares , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos , Período Pós-Parto/psicologia , Gravidez , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Trials ; 22(1): 834, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34819117

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The benefits of mother's own milk (MOM) for preterm infants have been widely recognized. Many studies have shown that the rate of breastfeeding of premature infants remains very low. Although many studies use measures to promote breastfeeding, few high-quality cluster randomized controlled studies have evaluated the effectiveness of these measures. WeChat is an instant messaging software for smart terminals, and WeChat mini-programs have been widely used to promote health and self-management in China. Based on this background, we designed a randomized controlled study based on WeChat mini-programs to promote MOM feeding of premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS/DESIGN: This study will evaluate the effectiveness of WeChat mini-programs to increase the consumption of MOM feeding in twelve NICUs in Jiangsu Province, namely, six "intervention" NICUs and six "control" NICUs. The study process is as follows: (1) design and preparation, (2) NICU recruitment and training, (3) interpretation and analysis of baseline data, (4) quality control implementation process, and (5) data analysis feedback and publication of study reports. The primary outcome is the proportion of MOM feeding of premature infants during NICU hospitalization. The secondary outcomes are as follows: (1) time to initiation of MOM feeding (hours) and proportion of first-time MOM feeding (%), (2) duration of parenteral nutrition (days), (3) time to total gastrointestinal feeding (days), (4) hospitalization time and hospitalization cost, and (5) incidence of complications (necrotizing enterocolitis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, feeding intolerance, late-onset sepsis, retinopathy of prematurity). DISCUSSION: This study is the first cluster randomized controlled trial on the intervention of using a WeChat mini-program-based lactation consultant for premature infants in the NICU in China. We hope this study can improve the consumption of MOM by NICU premature infants during hospitalization through the intervention of WeChat mini-programs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04383379. Registered on May 5, 2020.


Assuntos
Consultores , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Aleitamento Materno , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Lactação , Leite Humano , Mães , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
5.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 119(6): e582-e588, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813237

RESUMO

Breast milk is the ideal food for infants and its benefits can be observed in the short and long term. In crisis situations, breastfeeding should be promoted the most because it is one of the most cost-effective interventions aimed at reducing infant morbidity and mortality. In addition to the multiple advantages of breast milk in the mother-child bond and biological and immune properties, the most relevant characteristic of breast milk is that it covers all nutritional needs. When breastfeeding is not possible, the World Health Organization recommends infant formula as the first option. The second option is diluted cow's milk, which entails the risk for nutritional deficiency that should be strictly monitored and timely resolved. When infants are fed with diluted cow's milk, they are mainly at risk for iron, zinc, vitamin A, D, C, and E, amino acid and essential fatty acid deficiency.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Hipersensibilidade a Leite , Animais , Bovinos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Fórmulas Infantis , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente , Leite Humano
6.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 119(6): e600-e609, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813240

RESUMO

Short frenulum, or ankyloglossia, may lead to breastfeeding problems, with an impact on infant development, nipple damage, and early abandonment of breastfeeding. There are currently no homogeneous diagnostic criteria, thus leading to both overdiagnosis and underdiagnosis and associated clinical consequences. The challenge to approach this condition lies in establishing whether it is a normal anatomical variation or a lingual frenulum without a functional impact and when breastfeeding difficulties which are typically attributed to it are actually caused by the frenulum. Approximately 50% of ankyloglossia cases do not result in breastfeeding problems or these can be resolved with support and advice. Surgery may be proposed for the rest of the cases. This article offers an update on the classification and treatment of ankyloglossia, which will help health care providers to provide an adequate management to these patients.


Assuntos
Anquiloglossia , Aleitamento Materno , Criança , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Freio Lingual/cirurgia , Mamilos
7.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 50(5): 741-747, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749866

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feeding patterns of infants under 6 months of age in rural areas of Nanchong City, Sichuan Province, and to explore the driving factors of different feeding patterns. METHODS: A total of 837 pairs of infants under 6 months of age(<183 days of age) and their primary caregivers(450 male infants and 387 female infants, with an average age of(2.9±1.8) months, most of the primary caregivers were mothers(95.70%)) were selected by multi-stage random cluster sampling in Nanchong City in 2019.An electronic tablet equipped with a computer assisted system was used to input the face-to-face inquiry questionnaire to collect information, mainly including the sociodemographic characteristics of the subjects, infant feeding patterns, mothers' feeding knowledge, mothers' feeding attitudes, family support for breastfeeding, negative support from the surrounding population and other relevant information. Using disordered multi-classification Logistic regression, excluding non-maternal nursing samples, non-lactating mothers and mothers unable to breastfeed due to disease, 789 pairs of infants and their mothers were included in the regression model. After controlling the demographic characteristics of infants and their mothers, the independent influencing factors of exclusive breastfeeding relative to mixed feeding and artificial feeding were analyzed. RESULTS: The rates of exclusive breastfeeding, mixed feeding and artificial feeding were 35.13%(294/837), 50.30%(421/837) and 14.57%(122/837) in rural areas of Nanchong. Compared with mixed feeding, mothers with high feeding knowledge(OR=2.06, 95%CI 1.47-2.86) were more likely to exclusively breastfeed. Compared with artificial feeding, mothers with high feeding knowledge(OR=2.48, 95%CI 1.36-4.54), positive attitude towards breastfeeding(OR=2.57, 95%CI 1.12-5.87) and high family support for breastfeeding(OR=3.01, 95%CI 1.73-5.24) were more likely to exclusively breastfeed, and mothers with negative support from the surrounding population(OR=0.37, 95%CI 0.14-0.98) were more likely to carry out artificial feeding. CONCLUSION: In rural areas of Nanchong City, Sichuan Province, three ways of exclusive breastfeeding, mixed feeding and artificial feeding coexist. Mixed-feeding is the main method, and the rate of exclusive breastfeeding is low. Mothers' feeding knowledge is an important factor influencing feeding patterns, and breastfeeding attitudes and breastfeeding family support are the main drivers of artificial feeding.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Mães , Pré-Escolar , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(10): 1002-1007, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719414

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the characteristics of immune function of healthy full-term infants at the age of 3 months, and to analyze the relationship of immune function with feeding pattern and sex. METHODS: A total of 84 healthy full-term infants born in four hospitals in Beijing and Hohhot, China were prospectively recruited. Their feeding patterns remained unchanged within 4 months after birth. They were divided into a breast-feeding group and a milk powder feeding group according to their feeding patterns. At the age of 3 months after birth, peripheral venous blood samples of the two groups were collected to evaluate cellular immunity and humoral immunity and perform routine blood test. The laboratory indices were compared between infants with different feeding patterns and sexes. RESULTS: Compared with the milk powder feeding group, the breast-feeding group had significantly lower proportion of T cell second signal receptor CD28, immunoglobulin M, and proportion and absolute count of neutrophils (P<0.05) and significantly higher expression and proportion of HLA-DR, a surface activation marker of CD8+ T cells, and proportion of lymphocytes (P<0.05). The male infants had a significantly lower white blood cell count and a significantly higher proportion of eosinophils compared with the female infants (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Sex has no significant effect on the proportion of lymphocyte subsets in 3-month-old full-term infants, but feeding patterns are associated with the proportion of CD28+ T cells (lymphocyte functional subset) and HLA-DR+ T cells (lymphocyte activation subset), suggesting that feeding patterns have a certain effect on the development of immune function in 3-month-old full-term infants.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Antígenos HLA-DR , Aleitamento Materno , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Ativação Linfocitária , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
9.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(10): 4783-4794, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730663

RESUMO

This article aims to evaluate the conformity between drug package inserts (DPIs) and evidence-based bibliographic sources regarding the presence of contraindications to the use of contraceptives and anti-infective agents during breastfeeding. Contraceptive and anti-infectives were selected, according to ATC, with the updated record in the ANVISA and present in the bibliographic sources Breastfeeding and Use of Medicines and Other Substances, Medications and Mother's Milk, LactMed®, Micromedex® and UpToDate®. Information was extracted from the DPI "Contraindications" and "Warnings and precautions" sections and compared with the information in the bibliographic sources. The contraindication of the drug during breastfeeding was evaluated. Contraindications were found in the DPIs of five (55.5%) of the nine contraceptives. The contraindication percentage ranged from 0 to 55.5% among the bibliographic sources, depending on the source. The percentage was 46.3% in the DPIs, ranging from 0 to 12.9% in the bibliographic sources for anti-infectives. There is an agreement between the DPIs and the bibliographic sources regarding contraceptives; regarding anti-infectives, the DPIs are more often contraindicated for use during breastfeeding.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Aleitamento Materno , Anticoncepcionais , Rotulagem de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos
11.
Pan Afr Med J ; 40: 17, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733385

RESUMO

Introduction: in Tanzania, for the past decade, there has been a rising trend of women with short inter-pregnancy interval (IPI) (16% to 19%). Short IPI is associated with poor maternal and neonatal outcomes. We aimed to determine the factors associated with short IPI among women attending antenatal clinic (ANC) at Mnazi Mmoja Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted in September 2018 at Mnazi Mmoja hospital among women receiving ante-natal care. A total of 530 women were included in the analysis. Analysis was conducted through SPSS version 24 computer program using descriptive analyses to determine the IPI and characteristics thereof, and logistic regression analysis to examine factors associated with IPI among pregnant women. Associations with a p-value < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: twenty-two percent of the women attending ANC in Mnazi Mmoja hospital had short IPI. Short IPI was associated with young (<25years) age (AOR=2.67, 95% CI=1.23-5.79); non-use of a contraceptive method (AOR=2.05, 95%CI=1.22-3.45); breastfeeding for less than 6 months (AOR=3.45, 95% CI=1.17-10.13) and having an antecedent dead child at the time of index conception (AOR=3.38, 95% CI=1.15-9.93). Conclusion: about 1 in every 5 women attending ANC in Dar es Salaam had a short IPI. Addressing short IPI will complement the government´s efforts to improve maternal indicators in Tanzania and areas with similar contexts. Such efforts should emphasize in adherence to recommended infant feeding practices, women at a younger reproductive age group, those with a history of pregnancy loss, and strengthening contraception use among women of reproductive age.


Assuntos
Intervalo entre Nascimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Contraceptivo/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado da Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Tanzânia , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769876

RESUMO

Breastfeeding rates remain extremely low in Greece and women with gestational diabetes mellitus and hypothyroidism may experience additional difficulties. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of a structured individualized lactation educational intervention by a midwife on increasing breastfeeding rates in women with endocrine disorders and low-risk women compared to women receiving standard care, 24 months after delivery. Two-hundred women made up the study population. Half of them were experiencing endocrine pregnancy disorders and 100 women constituted the low-risk pregnancy standard care control group. Women who were breastfeeding exclusively were significantly higher in the midwifery intervention group with endocrine disorders, namely breastfeeding continued at four months (breastfeeding: 20% vs. 12%, exclusive breastfeeding: 50% vs. 26%, p = 0.0228), and at six months after childbirth (breastfeeding: 54% vs. 28%, exclusive breastfeeding: 32% vs. 12%, p = 0.0011), compared to the standard care control group with endocrine disorder. The low-risk midwifery intervention group breastfed at four months (22% vs. 14%, p = 0.0428) and at six months (52% vs. 26%, p = 0.0018) at higher rates compared to the standard care control group. In addition, exclusive breastfeeding was significantly higher in the low-risk midwifery intervention group at four months (46% vs. 20%, p = 0.0102) and six months (38% vs. 4%, p < 0.0001) compared to the standard care control group. This study was the first attempt of a structured midwifery breastfeeding education in Greece and its major contribution reflects a significant positive impact on breastfeeding rates in terms of duration and exclusivity in women with gestational endocrine disorders as well as in low-risk women, and could possibly be applied and instituted in everyday clinical practice to increase the low breastfeeding rates in Greece.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Tocologia , Feminino , Grécia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactação , Masculino , Parto , Gravidez
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that implementing the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative can protect, promote, and support breastfeeding. However, few studies have valuated the quality of breastfeeding supportive services provided by Baby-Friendly Hospitals from the perspective of service users. METHODS: This was a hospital-based prospective study, conducted at eight Baby-Friendly Hospitals with a total of 707 pregnant women in Shanghai, China between October 2016 and September 2021. Breastfeeding supportive services during hospitalization were assessed at childbirth discharge using a 12-question questionnaire based on the Chinese "Baby-Friendly Hospital Evaluation Standards". Women were followed up on six months postpartum. The impact of breastfeeding supportive services during hospitalization on the exclusive breastfeeding at discharge and six months postpartum were assessed. RESULTS: Of the 707 mothers who completed the survey at discharge, 526 were followed up on six months after delivery. The overall exclusive breastfeeding rate among participants was 34.4% at discharge and 52.1% at six months postpartum. Mothers who received better breastfeeding supportive services during hospitalization were more likely to practice exclusive breastfeeding at hospitalization discharge compared with mothers who received poorer services (aOR: 3.00; 95% CI: 2.08, 4.35; p < 0.001). Furthermore, they were also more likely to exclusively breastfeed at six months postpartum (aOR: 1.50; 95% CI: 1.03, 2.22; p = 0.033). CONCLUSION: Better breastfeeding supportive services during hospitalization were significantly associated with higher rate of exclusive breastfeeding at discharge and six months postpartum. More effective measures should be adopted to improve the implementation of the breastfeeding supportive services in Baby-Friendly Hospitals to promote exclusive breastfeeding and better maternal and child health.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Promoção da Saúde , Criança , China , Feminino , Hospitalização , Hospitais , Humanos , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 19: eAO6451, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787293

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the situation of breastfeeding and the adequacy of prescription of infant formulas to infants assisted by a secondary care program of the Public Health System. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with analysis of medical records of 350 infants from zero to 6 months, followed up between February to April 2019. RESULTS: The possibility of breastfeeding was present in 97.0% of mothers and no infant presented an acceptable medical condition for proscription of breastfeeding. Despite this, only 47.2% of cases were on exclusive breastfeeding before being referred to the program. Regarding the reasons for the introduction of infant formulas, complementation to breast milk was the most present (75.8%), followed by mothers returning to the job market (20.1%). The general rates of inadequacy of those prescribed were 65% before arriving at the program, increasing to 69% (standard formulas) and 80% (formulas for special purposes) during follow-up. CONCLUSION: The low rate of exclusive breastfeeding and the indiscriminate prescription of infant formulas are a concern for damage to maternal-child healthcare and sound finances of the Public Health System.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Fórmulas Infantis , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Mães , Saúde Pública
15.
A A Pract ; 15(11): e01544, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34784304

RESUMO

Many anesthesiologists and nurse anesthetists want to continue breastfeeding their babies when returning to work from maternity leave. The cornerstone of breast milk supply maintenance is breast milk pumping sessions at regular intervals. These breast milk pumping sessions require time and private space for lactation. We surveyed Iowa hospitals and ambulatory surgery centers and created an educational spreadsheet to guide inquiry and postgraduate job selection of our anesthesiology residents and nurse anesthetist students (eg, when considering future family planning). The survey and spreadsheet showed a low prevalence of dedicated lactation space for anesthesia practitioners near the surgical suites.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios , Aleitamento Materno , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Lactente , Iowa , Lactação , Gravidez , Prevalência
16.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 75Suppl 2(Suppl 2): e20201371, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787277

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the effect of educational video on newborn care to increase the knowledge of pregnant, postpartum, and family members. METHODS: a quasi-experimental study, with pre-intervention and post-intervention evaluation with a single group. Fifty-eight pregnant, postpartum, and family members treated in basic health units and a hospital in Ceará, Brazil, participated. The study used the McNemar and binomial tests for the analysis. RESULTS: after the intervention, there was an increase in the frequency of hits, from 70.82% to 92.97%. Most of the questions presented a significant increase of hits (p < 0.05) with an emphasis on sleeping position, drying of clothes, free demand for breastfeeding, and things to avoid (such as accessories in the sleeping place and talc in diaper change). CONCLUSIONS: the educational video was effective to participants in acquiring knowledge on the care of newborns and can assist in health education activities carried out by nurses.


Assuntos
Cuidados de Enfermagem , Período Pós-Parto , Aleitamento Materno , Família , Feminino , Educação em Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez
17.
Am J Occup Ther ; 75(5)2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34780643

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Occupational therapy practitioners can play a pivotal role in supporting breastfeeding mothers as they transition to and form new routines for this occupation. OBJECTIVE: To explore whether occupational therapy programming can assist breastfeeding mothers in reaching their personal occupation-based wellness goals. DESIGN: Mixed-methods design that involved development of an occupational profile and a goal attainment scale (GAS). After the intervention, participants rescored their GAS goals and completed a semistructured exit interview. SETTING: Nonprofit lactation center located in the suburbs of a large mid-Atlantic U.S. city. PARTICIPANTS: Women recruited through convenience sampling who had been breastfeeding an infant for <6 mo, who were not currently weaning, and who had met with a lactation consultant at least once since giving birth were eligible (N = 17). INTERVENTION: Group occupational therapy that consisted of 10 weekly 1-hr sessions. Topics were based on occupational profiles, GAS scores, and lactation consultant input. Outcomes and Measures: Each participant created and scored three goals using the GAS before and after the intervention. RESULTS: Data from 14 of the 17 participants were analyzed. The average postintervention GAS score was 56.50 (M = 50), indicating that most personal wellness goals were reached. Thematic analysis revealed that occupational therapy programming helped mothers persevere with breastfeeding, feel more confident as new parents, and value both themselves and their baby. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: There is an increasing role for occupational therapy practitioners in helping new mothers reach their personal wellness goals in ways that support their ability to continue breastfeeding. What This Article Adds: Maternal wellness and breastfeeding represent an emerging area of practice in which occupational therapy practitioners can provide new mothers with physical, social, and psychological supports that help them maintain self-efficacy related to breastfeeding and other meaningful occupations. This study provides foundational evidence in support of this collaboration.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Terapia Ocupacional , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Mães , Pais , Gravidez , Autoeficácia
18.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 29: e3485, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755773

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to identify the levels of anxiety and breastfeeding self-efficacy in puerperal women at the intervals of 60, 120, and 180 days postpartum; and to verify the influence of anxiety on breastfeeding self-efficacy among these puerperal women. METHOD: an analytical, longitudinal and prospective study, conducted with 186 puerperal women, and which used a sociodemographic and obstetric characterization questionnaire, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale - Short Form. The analyses were performed by means of descriptive statistics, and Fisher's Exact Test was used. RESULTS: most of the puerperal women presented low levels of trait anxiety (55.4%) and of state anxiety (66.2% at 60 days, 72.8% at 120 days, and 75.5% at 180 days), and a high level of self-efficacy (77.3% at 60 days, 75.3% at 120 days, and 72.1% at 180 days of puerperium). Low levels of trait anxiety and state anxiety were associated with high self-efficacy at 60 days (p=0.0142 and p=0.0159, respectively). CONCLUSION: it is necessary to pay greater attention to the mental health of puerperal women, considering that those who presented low levels of anxiety had higher levels of self-efficacy, a situation that can result in longer exclusive breastfeeding.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Autoeficácia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Mães , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Sex Reprod Healthc ; 30: 100671, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommend that infants be exclusively breastfed until six months of age. The Baby Friendly Health Initiative (BFHI) was developed for protecting, promoting, and supporting breastfeeding. The BFHI global criteria guides hospital practice for supporting infant feeding and reducing disparities in breastfeeding outcomes. AIM: The aim of this study was to analyse 2019 data to identify factors that predict exclusive breastfeeding vs non-exclusive breastfeeding on discharge to determine areas for intervention in relation to BFHI guidelines. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 5836 neonates born at an Australian tertiary hospital in 2019 was conducted. Descriptive statistics were used to report exclusive breastfeeding rates. Univariate and logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding and non-exclusive breastfeeding on discharge. RESULTS: A total of 69% of neonates were exclusively breastfed on discharge in 2019. When excluding admissions to Newborn Services, 75% of neonates were exclusively breastfed on discharge, achieving the BFHI benchmark. Predictors which significantly reduced the odds of exclusive breastfeeding on discharge were maternal country of birth (Vietnam, p < 0.001, Sudan p < 0.001, Samoa p < 0.01, Philippines p < 0.05), main language (Other, p < 0.05), birth type (caesarean or assisted vaginal birth p < 0.001), first-feed type (mixed feeding or formula p < 0.001), and Newborn Services admission (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Examining breastfeeding outcomes is an important quality assurance process for health services. Understanding groups of mothers who commence breastfeeding but do not exclusively breastfeed upon discharge enables identification of areas for intervention to achieve BFHI targets and reduce breastfeeding disparities.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Mães , Austrália , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária
20.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 10: CD005252, 2021 10 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preterm infants often start milk feeds by gavage tube. As they mature, sucking feeds are gradually introduced. Women with preterm infants may not always be in hospital to breastfeed their baby and need an alternative approach to feeding. Most commonly, milk (expressed breast milk or formula) is given by bottle. Whether using bottles during establishment of breastfeeds is detrimental to breastfeeding success is a topic of ongoing debate. OBJECTIVES: To identify the effects of avoidance of bottle feeds during establishment of breastfeeding on the likelihood of successful breastfeeding, and to assess the safety of alternatives to bottle feeds. SEARCH METHODS: A new search strategy was developed for this update. Searches were conducted without date or language limits in September 2021 in: MEDLINE, CENTRAL, and CINAHL.  We also searched the ISRCTN trial registry and the reference lists of retrieved articles for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-RCTs.  SELECTION CRITERIA: We included RCTs and quasi-RCTs comparing avoidance of bottles with use of bottles for preterm infants where their mothers planned to breastfeed. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently assessed trial quality and extracted data. When appropriate, we contacted study authors for additional information. We used the GRADE approach to assess the certainty of evidence. Outcomes included full breastfeeding and any breastfeeding on discharge home and at three and six months after discharge, as well as length of hospital stay and episodes of infant infection. We synthesised data using risk ratios (RR), risk differences (RD) and mean differences (MD), with 95% confidence intervals (CI). We used the GRADE approach to assess the certainty of the evidence. MAIN RESULTS: We included seven trials with 1152 preterm infants in this updated review. There are three studies awaiting classification. Five included studies used a cup feeding strategy, one used a tube feeding strategy and one used a novel teat when supplements to breastfeeds were needed. We included the novel teat study in this review as the teat was designed to closely mimic the sucking action of breastfeeding. The trials were of small to moderate size, and two had high risk of attrition bias. Adherence with cup feeding was poor in one of the studies, indicating dissatisfaction with this method by staff or parents (or both); the remaining four cup feeding studies provided no such reports of dissatisfaction or low adherence. Avoiding bottles may increase the extent of full breastfeeding on discharge home (RR 1.47, 95% CI 1.19 to 1.80; 6 studies, 1074 infants; low-certainty evidence), and probably increases any breastfeeding (full and partial combined) on discharge (RR 1.11, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.16; studies, 1138 infants; moderate-certainty evidence). Avoiding bottles probably increases the occurrence of full breastfeeding three months after discharge (RR 1.56, 95% CI 1.37 to 1.78; 4 studies, 986 infants; moderate-certainty evidence), and may also increase full breastfeeding six months after discharge (RR 1.64, 95% CI 1.14 to 2.36; 3 studies, 887 infants; low-certainty evidence). Avoiding bottles may increase the occurrence of any breastfeeding (full and partial combined) three months after discharge (RR 1.31, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.71; 5 studies, 1063 infants; low-certainty evidence), and six months after discharge (RR 1.25, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.41; 3 studies, 886 infants; low-certainty evidence). The effects on breastfeeding outcomes were evident at all time points for the tube alone strategy and for all except any breastfeeding three months after discharge for cup feeding, but were not present for the novel teat. There were no other benefits or harms including for length of hospital stay (MD 2.25 days, 95% CI -3.36 to 7.86; 4 studies, 1004 infants; low-certainty evidence) or episodes of infection per infant (RR 0.70, 95% CI 0.35 to 1.42; 3 studies, 500 infants; low-certainty evidence). AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Avoiding the use of bottles when preterm infants need supplementary feeds probably increases the extent of any breastfeeding at discharge, and may improve any and full breastfeeding (exclusive) up to six months postdischarge. Most of the evidence demonstrating benefit was for cup feeding. Only one study used a tube feeding strategy. We are uncertain whether a tube alone approach to supplementing breastfeeds improves breastfeeding outcomes; further studies of high certainty are needed to determine this.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Nutrição Enteral , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Tempo de Internação , Leite Humano
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA