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1.
Ann Lab Med ; 42(1): 36-46, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374347

RESUMO

Background: The emergence of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) represents a major clinical problem. Recently, the occurrence of CPE has increased globally, but epidemiological patterns vary across region. We report the trends in the genotypic distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility of CPE isolated from rectal and clinical samples during a four-year period. Methods: Between January 2016 and December 2019, 1,254 nonduplicated CPE isolates were obtained from four university hospitals in Korea. Carbapenemase genotypes were determined by multiplex real-time PCR. Antimicrobial susceptibility was profiled using the Vitek 2 system (bioMérieux, Hazelwood, MO, USA) or MicroScan Walkaway-96 system (Siemens West Sacramento, CA, USA). The proportions of carbapenemase genotypes and nonsusceptibility were analyzed using Pearson's chi-square test. Results: Among the 1,254 CPE isolates, 486 (38.8%), 371 (29.6%), 357 (28.5%), 8 (0.6%), 8 (0.6%), and 24 (1.9%) were Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC), oxacillinase (OXA)-48-like, New Delhi metallo-ß-lactamase (NDM), imipenemase (IMP), Verona integron-encoded metallo-ß-lactamase (VIM), and multiple producers, respectively. The predominant species was K. pneumoniae (72.6%), followed by Escherichia coli (6.5%). More than 90% of the isolates harboring KPC, NDM, and OXA-48-like were nonsusceptible to cephalosporins, aztreonam, and carbapenems. Conclusions: The impact of CPE is primarily due to KPC-, NDM-, and OXA-48-like-producing K. pneumoniae isolates. Isolates carrying these carbapenemase are mostly multidrug-resistant. Control strategies based on these genotypic distributions and antimicrobial susceptibilities of CPE isolates are required.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Enterobacteriáceas Resistentes a Carbapenêmicos , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/epidemiologia , Genótipo , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , República da Coreia , beta-Lactamases/genética
2.
Food Chem ; 366: 130650, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34330030

RESUMO

Mixed lauric acid esters (MLE) with antibacterial and antioxidative activities were produced through lipase-catalyzed two-step esterification in solvent-free system without purification. In the first reaction, erythorbyl laurate was synthesized for 72 h. Successive reaction for 6 h at molar ratio of 1.0 (lauric acid to glycerol) produced MLE containing erythorbyl laurate and glyceryl laurate with small amounts of residual substrates, by converting 99.52% of lauric acid. MLE addition (0.5-2.0%, w/w) to Tween 20-stabilized emulsions decreased droplet size, polydispersity index, and zeta-potential, possibly enhancing the emulsion stability. In the emulsions, MLE at 0.5 and 2.0% (w/w) caused 4.4-4.6 and 5.9-6.1 log reductions of Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes) and Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa), respectively, within 12 h. Lipid hydroperoxide concentrations decreased to 50.8-98.3% in the presence of 0.5-2.0% (w/w) MLE. These findings support a novel approach without needing purification to produce multi-functional food additives for emulsion foods.


Assuntos
Ésteres , Lipase , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes , Catálise , Esterificação , Ácidos Láuricos , Lipase/metabolismo , Solventes
3.
Food Chem ; 366: 130643, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34330031

RESUMO

To protect walnut peptides from harsh external environments during their storage and digestion, proliposomes loaded with walnut peptides were fabricated using sucrose, trehalose, and mannitol as carriers and lyoprotectants. The physicochemical properties, environmental stability, antioxidant/antibacterial activities, and digestion in vitro of the proliposomes were evaluated. The freshly prepared liposomes were uniform in size, but the hydrated proliposomes showed a more uneven size distribution. The lyoprotectants helped maintain favorable liposome shape during lyophilization. Alongside the lyoprotectants, the walnut peptides further stabilized the lipid bilayer. Proliposomes encapsulation didn't impact the peptides' antioxidant activity. Furthermore, walnut peptides-loaded proliposomes exhibited antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The proliposomes were stable during gastric-phase digestion. The lyoprotectants changed the free fatty acid release behaviors of the proliposomes. These characteristics suggest potential applications for proliposomes as effective delivery systems for biopeptides in food stuffs, thereby protecting bioactivities during storage and passage through the gastrointestinal tract.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Juglans , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Lipossomos , Tamanho da Partícula , Peptídeos
4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 605: 727-740, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365309

RESUMO

Developing durable photocatalysts with highly efficient antibiotics degradation is crucial for environment purification. Herein, tetra (4-carboxyphenyl) porphyrin (TCPP) was loaded onto the surface of Bi2MoO6 microspheres to gain hierarchical organic-inorganic TCPP/Bi2MoO6 (TCPP/BMO) heterojunctions via a facile impregnation strategy. The catalytic properties of these catalysts were comprehensively investigated through the photodegradation of tetracycline hydrochloride (TC) under visible light. Among all the TCPP/BMO heterojunctions, the highest photodegradation rate constant (0.0278 min-1) was achieved with 0.25 wt% TCPP (TCPP/BMO-2), which was approximately 1.15 folds greater than that of pristine Bi2MoO6 and far superior to pure TCPP. The extremely high photocatalytic performance is attributed to the interfacial interaction between TCPP and Bi2MoO6, which favors the efficient separation of charge carriers and the enhancement of visible-light absorbance. TCPP/BMO-2 possesses high mineralization capability and good recycling performance. Photo-induced O2-, h+, and OH were mainly responsible for the degradation of TC. The degradation pathways of TC and toxicity of degradation intermediates were analyzed based on the intermediates detected by the high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometer (HPLC-MS) and the toxicity assessment by the quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) prediction. A possible photocatalytic mechanism over TCPP/BMO is proposed. This work offers an insight in developing the porphyrin-based organic-inorganic heterojunctions for effectively remedying pharmaceutical wastewater.


Assuntos
Porfirinas , Tetraciclina , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bismuto , Molibdênio
5.
Meat Sci ; 183: 108661, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467880

RESUMO

The increasing concern of consumers about food quality and safety and their rejection of chemical additives has promoted the breakthrough of the biopreservation field and the development of studies on the use of beneficial bacteria and their metabolites as potential natural antimicrobials for shelf life extension and enhanced food safety. Control of foodborne pathogens in meat and meat products represents a serious challenge for the food industry which can be addressed through the intelligent use of bio-compounds or biopreservatives. This article aims to systematically review the available knowledge about biological strategies based on the use of lactic acid bacteria to control the proliferation of undesirable microorganisms in different meat products. The outcome of the literature search evidenced the potential of several strains of lactic acid bacteria and their purified or semi-purified antimicrobial metabolites as biopreservatives in meat products for achieving longer shelf life or inhibiting spoilage and pathogenic bacteria, especially when combined with other technologies to achieve a synergistic effect.


Assuntos
Conservação de Alimentos/métodos , Lactobacillales/fisiologia , Produtos da Carne/microbiologia , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Bacteriocinas/farmacologia , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Lactobacillales/metabolismo , Produtos da Carne/análise
6.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 2): 132131, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492413

RESUMO

Ion exchange membranes (IEMs) are widely used in water treatment applications such as electrodialysis. However, the exploration of IEMs as effective antibacterial food contact materials (e.g., food packaging membranes) against pathogenic bacteria to ensure food safety has not been reported. Here, we report a simple but effective method to prepare high performance antibacterial membranes via ion exchange coupled with in-situ reduction. The general membrane properties are characterized using SEM, EDS, FTIR, XPS, XRD, DSC, TGA, water uptake, etc. The distribution of silver and copper in the membranes are generally in line with the distribution of sulfur, indicating that the antibacterial ions are introduced into the membranes via ion exchange and are bonded with the sulfonate groups in the membranes. The antibacterial performance is investigated using zone of inhibition tests and continuous bacteria growth inhibition tests. All of the prepared membranes show obvious antibacterial activities compared to the bare cation exchange membranes. The diameters of inhibition zone against Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) are all larger than those of Escherichia coli (E. coli), indicating that the prepared membranes are more efficient in inhibiting S. aureus compared to E. coli. Furthermore, the silver-based membrane shows more sustainable antibacterial activities compared to the copper-based membrane. Especially, the results clearly reveal that the silver-based membrane is capable of killing bacteria instead of just inhibiting the growth of bacteria. We have shown for the first time that membranes derived from IEMs have the potential as food contact materials to inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria so as to eliminate the risk of bacterial infections and meanwhile delay food spoilage due to bacteria growth.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Prata , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Cobre , Escherichia coli , Troca Iônica , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Prata/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus
7.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 3): 132271, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547560

RESUMO

In this study, novel biogenic silver (AgNPs) and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were developed using a green approach with Ganoderma lucidum (GL) extract. The optimization of synthesis conditions for the best outcomes was conducted. The prepared materials were characterized and their applicability in catalysis, antibacterial and chemical sensing was comprehensively evaluated. The GL-AgNPs crystals were formed in a spherical shape with an average diameter of 50 nm, while GL-AuNPs exhibited multi-shaped structures with sizes ranging from 15 to 40 nm. As a catalyst, the synthesized nanoparticles showed excellent catalytic activity (>98% in 9 min) and reusability (>95% after five recycles) in converting 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol. As an antimicrobial agent, GL-AuNPs were low effective in inhibiting the growth of bacteria, while GL-AgNPs expressed strong antibacterial activity against all the tested strains. The highest growth inhibition activity of GL-AgNPs was observed against B. subtilis (14.58 ± 0.35 mm), followed by B. cereus (13.8 ± 0.52 mm), P. aeruginosa (12.38 ± 0.64 mm), E. coli (11.3 ± 0.72 mm), and S. aureus (10.41 ± 0.31 mm). Besides, GL-AgNPs also demonstrated high selectivity and sensitivity in the colorimetric detection of Fe3+ in aqueous solution with a detection limit of 1.85 nM. Due to the suitable thickness of the protective organic layer and the appropriate particle size, GL-AgNPs validated the triple role as a high-performance catalyst, antimicrobial agent, and nanosensor for environmental monitoring and remediation.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Catálise , Colorimetria , Escherichia coli , Compostos Férricos , Ouro , Química Verde , Íons , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Extratos Vegetais , Prata , Staphylococcus aureus
8.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt A): 118282, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619178

RESUMO

Wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluents are pointed as hotspots for the introduction of both commensal and pathogenic bacteria as well as their antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in receiving water bodies. For the first time, the effect of partially treated submarine effluents was explored at the bottom and surface of the water column to provide a comprehensive overview of the structure of the microbiome and associated AR, and to assess environmental factors leading to their alteration. Seawater samples were collected over a 5-month period from submarine outfalls in central Adriatic Sea, Croatia. 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing was used to establish taxonomic and resistome profiles of the bacterial communities. The community differences observed between the two discharge areas, especially in the abundance of Proteobacteria and Firmicutes, could be due to the origin of wastewaters treated in WWTPs and the limiting environmental conditions such as temperature and nutrients. PICRUSt2 analysis inferred the total content of ARGs in the studied microbiomes and showed the highest abundance of resistance genes encoding multidrug efflux pumps, such as MexAB-OprM, AcrEF-TolC and MdtEF-TolC, followed by the modified peptidoglycan precursors, transporter genes encoding tetracycline, macrolide and phenicol resistance, and the bla operon conferring ß-lactam resistance. A number of pathogenic genera introduced by effluents, including Acinetobacter, Arcobacter, Bacteroides, Escherichia-Shigella, Klebsiella, Pseudomonas, and Salmonella, were predicted to account for the majority of efflux pump-driven multidrug resistance, while Acinetobacter, Salmonella, Bacteroides and Pseudomonas were also shown to be the predominant carriers of non-efflux ARGs conferring resistance to most of nine antibiotic classes. Taken together, we evidenced the negative impact of submarine discharges of treated effluents via alteration of physico-chemical characteristics of the water column and enrichment of bacterial community with nonindigenous taxa carrying an arsenal of ARGs, which could contribute to the further propagation of the AR in the natural environment.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Croácia , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Genes Bacterianos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Águas Residuárias/análise
9.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt A): 118284, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626704

RESUMO

Microplastics (MPs) are an emerging global concern as they are abundant in the environment and can act as vectors of various contaminants. However, whether and how MPs can be vectors of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), especially extracellular ARGs (eARGs), remains far from explicit. This study addresses the adsorption of both intracellular ARGs (iARGs) and eARGs by four types of MPs in municipal wastewater, and then explores the potential horizontal gene transfer of iARGs and eARGs exposed to MPs. Results indicate that though MPs significantly adsorbed both iARGs and eARGs, eARGs were adsorbed with a significantly higher fold enrichment (2.0-5.0 log versus 2.0-3.3 log) and rate (0.0056 min-1 versus 0.0037 min-1) than iARGs. While all four types of MPs adsorbed ARGs, polypropylene MPs showed the highest adsorption capacity for ARGs. Background constituents such as humic acid and antibiotics significantly inhibited adsorption of iARGs, but not eARGs on MPs. The presence of sodium chloride didn't significantly affect adsorption of iARGs or eARGs. The adsorption of ARGs was well explained by the extended Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (XDLVO) interaction energy profile. Higher eARG adsorption was attributed to a lower energy barrier between MPs and eARGs than that between MPs and iARGs. Exposure to MPs enhanced horizontal gene transfer of both iARGs and eARGs by 1.5 and 2.0 times, respectively. The improved contact potential between donors and recipients, as well as the increased cell permeability of recipients induced the improved horizontal gene transfer by MPs. This study underscores the need to address ARG propagation through adsorption to MPs.


Assuntos
Microplásticos , Águas Residuárias , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Genes Bacterianos , Plásticos
10.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt A): 118304, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627965

RESUMO

The prevalence and transmission of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and opportunistic pathogens in water environments can pose great threat to public health. However, the dissemination of ARGs and opportunistic pathogens from water environments to humans has been poorly explored. Here, we employed 16S rRNA gene sequencing and high-throughput quantitative PCR techniques to explore the seasonal distribution of ARGs and opportunistic pathogens in the Yellow River water (source water) and tap water, as well as their relationships with healthy humans at Lanzhou, China. Physiochemical analysis was applied to detect water quality parameters and heavy metal contents. The absolute abundance and diversity of ARGs in the Yellow River and tap water demonstrated distinct seasonal patterns. In winter, the Yellow river water had the highest ARG abundance and diversity, while tap water owned the lowest. Mobile genetic elements (MGEs) were the predominant driver of ARG profiles in both the Yellow river and tap water. Null model analysis showed that ARG assembly in the Yellow River was more influenced by stochastic processes than tap water and this was independent of seasons. Total organic carbon and arsenic contents exhibited positive correlations with many ARGs. Opportunistic pathogens Aeromonas and Pseudomonas may be potential hosts for ARGs. Approximately 80% of detected ARGs were shared between water samples and the human gut. These persistent ARGs could not be entirely eliminated through drinking water treatment processes. Thus, it is crucial to protect sources of tap water from anthropogenic pollution and improve water treatment technologies to reduce the dissemination of ARGs and ensure drinking-water biosafety for human health.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Rios , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , China , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Genes Bacterianos , Humanos , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Estações do Ano
11.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt A): 118364, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648838

RESUMO

The ARG profiles in pet feces, such as cat and dog feces, and their potential threat to environmental safety are still unclear. In this study, ARGs in 45 cat and 28 dog fecal samples were detected, and a diffusion experiment was performed to assess the risk of ARGs diffusion into the air. The results showed that the abundances of ARGs in cat feces and dog feces were high, and the abundance in dog feces (0.89 ± 0.17 copies/bacterial cell) was significantly higher than that in cat feces (0.46 ± 0.09 copies/bacterial cell) (P < 0.05). The bacterial community, especially Firmicutes and Desulfobacterota in cat feces, and Proteobacteria in dog feces, was the main factor affecting the variation in the ARG profiles, contributing to 31.6% and 32.4% of the variation in cat feces and dog feces, respectively. Physicochemical factors (especially NH4+-N) and age also indirectly affected the variation in the ARG profiles by affecting the bacterial community. In addition, the ARGs in cat feces and dog feces diffused into the air, but there was no evidence that this diffusion posed a threat to environmental safety and human health. These results can provide reference data for healthy animal breeding and the prevention and control of ARG pollution.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Genes Bacterianos , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias/genética , Gatos , Cães , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Fezes
12.
Food Chem ; 370: 131032, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500294

RESUMO

Both microbiological and chemical food spoilages remain to be the major challenges in the food industry's efforts to combat food waste and loss because of the lack of high efficacy food preservatives. In this study, dual-functional conjugates that simultaneously suppress both lipid oxidation and microorganism growth are fabricated by covalently conjugating natural antioxidant gentisic acid (GA) on native antibacterial lysozyme (Lys). The mixing ratio of Lys and GA determines the particle size, morphology, antioxidant activity, and antimicrobial performance of the ensuing conjugates. With more of GA being grafted, a drastic decrease in the net surface charge with the concomitant occurrence of aggregations are observed in the conjugates. The maximum antioxidant activity and antibacterial performance of the conjugates is achieved when Lys:GA molar ratio is 1:112. The findings could guide the rational design of future functional food ingredients that combine multiple natural bioactive compounds to effectively intervene food waste and loss.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Eliminação de Resíduos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes , Alimentos , Gentisatos , Muramidase
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 803: 150126, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525757

RESUMO

This work explored the feasibility of dewatered swine manure-derived biochar (DSMB) as an additive to facilitate anaerobic digestion (AD) of swine wastewater for energy recovery and antibiotic resistance genes (ARG) attenuation enhancements. With 20 g/L DSMB assistance, the methanogenic lag time of swine wastewater was shortened by 17.4-21.1%, and the maximum CH4 production rate increased from 40.8 mL/d to 48.3-50.5 mL/d, among which DSMB prepared under 300 °C exhibited a better performance than that prepared under 500 °C and 700 °C. Integrated analysis of DSMB electrochemical properties, microbial electron transfer system activity, and microbial community succession revealed the potential of DSMB-300 to act as redox-active electron transfer mediators between syntrophic microbes to accelerate syntrophic methanogenesis via potential direct interspecies electron transfer. Meanwhile, DSMB preparation by pyrolysis dramatically reduced ARG abundance by almost 4 logs. Adding DSMB into AD not only strengthened the attenuation efficiency of ARG in the original swine wastewater, but also effectively controlled the potential risk of horizontal gene transfer by mitigating 74.8% of the mobile gene elements abundance. Accordingly, we proposed a win-win scenario for bio-waste management in swine farms, highlighting the more advanced energy recovery and ARG attenuation compared to the current status.


Assuntos
Esterco , Águas Residuárias , Anaerobiose , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Carvão Vegetal , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Suínos
14.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 2): 131731, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388866

RESUMO

Photocatalysis has gained attention as a viable wastewater remediation technique. However, the difficulty of recovering powder-based photocatalyst has often become a major limitation for their on-site practical application. Herein, we report on the successful in-situ preparation of a novel three-dimensional (3D) photocatalyst consisting of Cu2O/TiO2 loaded on a cellulose nanofiber (CNF)/reduced graphene hydrogel (rGH) via facile hydrothermal treatment and freeze-drying. The 3D macrostructure not only provides a template for the anchoring of Cu2O and TiO2 but also provides an efficient electron transport pathway for enhanced photocatalytic activity. The results showed that the Cu2O and TiO2 were uniformly loaded onto the aerogel framework resulting in the composites with large surface area with exposed actives sites. As compared to bare rGH, CNF/rGH, Cu2O/CNF/rGH and TiO2/CNF/rGH, the Cu2O/TiO2/CNF/rGH showed improved photocatalytic activity for methyl orange (MO) degradation. MO degradation pathway is proposed based on GC-MS analysis. The enhanced photoactivity can be attributed to the charge transfer and electron-hole separation from the synergistic effect of Cu2O/TiO2 anchored on CNF/rGH. In terms of their anti-bacterial activity towards Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, the synergistic effect of the Cu2O/TiO2 anchored on the CNF/rGH framework showed excellent activity towards the bacteria.


Assuntos
Grafite , Nanofibras , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Catálise , Celulose , Hidrogéis , Titânio
15.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 3): 131744, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391111

RESUMO

The presence of Microcystis aeruginosa (M. aeruginosa) can affect the transference of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), and the presence of carbon-based copper nanocomposites (CCN) can affect the growth of M. aeruginosa. However, the effect of CCN on M. aeruginosa and ARGs is not fully understood. In this study, metagenomic sequencing was employed to analyze the movability of ARGs, their potential transfer, and possible hosts in photobioreactor treating urban water. The results uggested that 20 mg/L of CCN changed the composition and abundance of microorganisms in urban water, significantly promoted the flocculation of M aeruginosa, and decreased the composing proportion of Cyanophyta sp. and M aeruginosa. The results indicated that 20 mg/L of CCN significantly decreased the absolute abundance and ARGs proportions which mediated by plasmids (32.7 %). Furthermore, the lower co-occurrence probability of ARGs and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) suggested that 20 mg/L of CCN weakened the movability potential of ARGs mediated by MGEs such as plasmids. Among the 452 metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs), 95 MAGs belonging to 41 bacterial categories were identified as possible ARG hosts. These results will provide insights into the control of harmful cyanobacteria and the management of ARGs in urban water.


Assuntos
Microcystis , Nanocompostos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Carbono , Cobre , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Genes Bacterianos , Microcystis/genética , Água
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 804: 150154, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798728

RESUMO

Antibiotic resistance comprising of antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) is an emerging problem causing global human health risks. Several reviews exist on antibiotic resistance in various environmental compartments excluding the air-borne resistome. An increasing body of recent evidence exists on the air-borne resistome comprising of antibiotic resistance in air-borne bioaerosols from various environmental compartments. However, a comprehensive review on the sources, dissemination, behavior, fate, and human exposure and health risks of the air-borne resistome is still lacking. Therefore, the current review uses the source-pathway-receptor-impact-mitigation framework to investigate the air-borne resistome. The nature and sources of antibiotic resistance in the air-borne resistome are discussed. The dissemination pathways, and environmental and anthropogenic drivers accounting for the transfer of antibiotic resistance from sources to the receptors are highlighted. The human exposure and health risks posed by air-borne resistome are presented. A health risk assessment and mitigation strategy is discussed. Finally, future research directions including key knowledge gaps are summarized.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Genes Bacterianos , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Humanos
17.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1354: 145-159, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34807441

RESUMO

The chicken gastrointestinal tract (GIT) has a complex, biodiverse microbial community of ~ 9 million bacterial genes plus archaea and fungi that links the host diet to its health. This microbial population contributes to host physiology through metabolite signaling while also providing local and systemic nutrients to multiple organ systems. In a homeostatic state, the host-microbial interaction is symbiotic; however, physiological issues are associated with dysregulated microbiota. Manipulating the microbiota is a therapeutic option, and the concept of adding beneficial bacteria to the intestine has led to probiotic and prebiotic development. The gut microbiome is readily changeable by diet, antibiotics, pathogenic infections, and host- and environmental-dependent events. The intestine performs key roles of nutrient absorption, tolerance of beneficial microbiota, yet responding to undesirable microbes or microbial products and preventing translocation to sterile body compartments. During homeostasis, the immune system is actively preventing or modulating the response to known or innocuous antigens. Manipulating the microbiota through nutrition, modulating host immunity, preventing pathogen colonization, or improving intestinal barrier function has led to novel methods to prevent disease, but also resulted in improved body weight, feed conversion, and carcass yield in poultry. This review highlights the importance of adding different feed additives to the diets of poultry in order to manipulate and enhance health and productivity of flocks.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Probióticos , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Trato Gastrointestinal , Aves Domésticas , Prebióticos/análise
18.
Food Chem ; 371: 131372, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808772

RESUMO

To investigate antibacterial properties and application in food preservation of nanofibrous films (NFs), baicalin-liposomes (BCL-LPs) were loaded into polyvinyl alcohol-chitosan (PVA-CS) substrates to form NFs using electrospinning technology. The microstructure and phase identification of the NFs were characterized. The antibacterial properties and cytotoxicity of NFs were determined. The preservation of the NFs to mushrooms was evaluated. The results showed that smooth and uniform NFs were formed through molecular interaction between BCL-LPs and PVA-CS matrix. The NFs exhibited good antibacterial effects on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus due to the bacterial destruction resulting from the BCL delivery to bacterial cells by liposomes. In addition, the NFs were compatible with L929 fibroblasts. The BCL-LPs/PVA-CS NFs inhibited weight loss, browning, rancidity and bacterial growth as well as maintained the nutrients of mushrooms. The results show BCL-LPs/PVA-CS NFs possessed effective antibacterial properties, non-cytotoxicity and preservation performance, indicating the potential utilization as food-active packing.


Assuntos
Agaricales , Quitosana , Nanofibras , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Flavonoides , Lipossomos , Álcool de Polivinil
19.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt B): 118470, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748884

RESUMO

Recently, increasing attention has been paid to antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in urban stormwater runoff. However, there were little data on the diversity and distribution of ARGs associated with road sediments transported in runoff. The investigation of ARGs diversity showed that sulfonamide resistance genes (sul2 and sul3) occupied 61.7%-82.3% of total ARGs in runoff. The analysis of ARGs distribution in particulate matter (PM) implied that both tetQ and trbC existed mainly in PM with size of 150-300 µm, but other ARGs and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) were dominant in PM with size <75 µm. The discussion of potential hosts indicated that target genes (ermF, blaOXA1/blaOXA30, ermC, qnrA, sul2, tnpA-01, intI2, tetW, intI1, sul3, trbC) had the strongest subordinate relationship with Proteobacteria at phylum level and Enterobacter at genus level. The effect evaluation of ARGs distribution suggested that 13 kinds of ARGs were positively correlated with Pr/PS and Zeta potential, resulting in the more ARGs in PM with smaller size (<75 µm).


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Genes Bacterianos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética
20.
Sci Total Environ ; 805: 150086, 2022 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537705

RESUMO

Heavy metals driven co-selection of antibiotic resistance in soil and water bodies has been widely concerned, but the response of antibiotic resistance to co-existence of antibiotics and heavy metals in composting system is still unknown. Commonly used sulfamethoxazole and copper were individually and jointly added into four reactors to explore their effects on antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), mobile genetic elements (MGEs), heavy metal resistance genes (MRGs) and bacterial community structure. The abundance of total ARGs and MGEs were notably decreased by 68.64%-84.95% and 91.27-97.38%, respectively, after the composting. Individual addition of sulfamethoxazole, individual addition of copper, simultaneously addition of sulfamethoxazole and copper increased the abundance of ARGs and MGEs throughout the composting period. Co-exposure of sulfamethoxazole and copper elevated the total abundance of ARGs by 1.17-1.51 times by the end of the composting compared to individual addition of sulfamethoxazole or copper. Network analysis indicated that the shifts in potential host bacteria determined the ARGs variation. Additionally, MGEs and MRGs had significant effects on ARGs, revealing that horizontal gene transfer and heavy metals induced co-resistance could promote ARGs dissemination.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Metais Pesados , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Cobre/toxicidade , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Genes Bacterianos , Esterco , Sulfametoxazol/farmacologia , Suínos
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