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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253696, 2024. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355862

RESUMO

Abstract Transplanting time and genotype contribute to improving crop yield and quality of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). A field experiment was conducted to investigate the impact of foliar applied of triacontanol (TRIA) and eggplant genotypes 25919, Nirala, 28389 and Pak-10927,transplanted on 1 March,15 March, and 1 April on exposure to high air temperature conditions. The experiment was performed according to Randomized Complete Block Design and the data was analyzed by using Tuckey,s test . The TRIA was applied at 10µM at flowering stage; distilled water was used as the control. Rate of photosynthesis and transpiration, stomatal conductance, water use efficiency, and effects on antioxidative enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase and peroxidase) were evaluated. The 10µM TRIA increased photosynthesis rate and water use efficiency and yield was improved in all genotypes transplanted at the different dates. Foliar application of 10µM TRIA increased antioxidative enzyme activities (SOD, POD & CAT) and improved physiological as well as biochemical attributes of eggplant genotypes exposed to high heat conditions. Highest activity of dismutase enzyme 5.41mg/1g FW was recorded in Nirala genotype in second transplantation. Whereas, lowest was noted in PAK-10927 (2.30mg/g FW). Maximum fruit yield was found in accession 25919 (1.725kg per plant) at 1st transplantation with Triacontanol, whereas accession PAK-10927 gave the lowest yield (0.285 kg per plant) at control treatment on 3rd transplantation. Genotype, transplanting date and application of TRIA improved growth, yield and quality attributes under of heat stress in eggplant.


Resumo O tempo de transplante e o genótipo contribuem para melhorar a produtividade e a qualidade da cultura da berinjela (Solanum melongena L.). Um experimento de campo foi conduzido para investigar o impacto da aplicação foliar de triacontanol (TRIA) e genótipos de berinjela 25919, Nirala, 28389 e Pak-10927, transplantados em 1 de março, 15 de março e 1 de abril de exposição a condições de alta temperatura do ar. O experimento foi realizado de acordo com o Randomized Complete Block Design e os dados foram analisados pelo teste de Tuckey. O TRIA foi aplicado a 10 µM na fase de floração; água destilada foi utilizada como controle. Taxa de fotossíntese e transpiração, condutância estomática, eficiência do uso da água e efeitos sobre as enzimas antioxidantes (superóxido dismutase, catalase e peroxidase) foram avaliados. O TRIA 10 µM aumentou a taxa de fotossíntese e a eficiência do uso da água e o rendimento foi melhorado em todos os genótipos transplantados nas diferentes datas. A aplicação foliar de TRIA 10µM aumentou as atividades das enzimas antioxidantes (SOD, POD e CAT) e melhorou os atributos fisiológicos e bioquímicos de genótipos de berinjela expostos a condições de alto calor. A atividade mais elevada da enzima dismutase 5,41mg / 1g FW foi registrada no genótipo Nirala no segundo transplante. Considerando que o mais baixo foi observado em PAK-10927 (2,30 mg / g FW). A produtividade máxima de frutos foi encontrada no acesso 25919 (1,725 ​​kg por planta) no 1º transplante com Triacontanol, enquanto o acesso PAK-10927 deu a menor produção (0,285 kg por planta) no tratamento de controle no 3º transplante. Genótipo, data de transplante e aplicação de TRIA, melhoramento do crescimento, rendimento e atributos de qualidade sob estresse térmico em berinjela.


Assuntos
Solanum melongena/genética , Solanum melongena/metabolismo , Fotossíntese , Resposta ao Choque Térmico , Álcoois Graxos , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia
2.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 15(1): 246-260, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36626243

RESUMO

The female reproductive system is quite sensitive to regulation, and external environmental stimuli may cause oxidative stress which in turn may lead to accelerated aging and programmed cell death in female reproductive cells. The aim of this study was to investigate whether or not mitoquinone (MitoQ) could resist ROS-induced apoptosis in human granulosa cells and mouse oocytes. We found that the MitoQ treatment significantly reduced production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and imbalance in mitochondrial membrane potential. The MitoQ treatment prevented an excessive mitochondrial fragmentation by upregulating Drp1 S637 and decreasing Drp1 S637 phosphorylation. More importantly, MitoQ maintained aerobic respiration and reduced anaerobic respiration by regulating reprogramming of intracellular energy metabolism, which enhanced cellular ATP production. MitoQ effectively reduced the expressions of AIFM1 and PGAM5, key molecules whose expressions were reversed not only in granulosa cells but also in mouse oocytes. Our findings suggest that MitoQ can ameliorate the mitochondrial deterioration caused by ROS and reprogram cellular energy metabolism, providing protection to cells against apoptosis. The presence of MitoQ may help in protecting human germ cells under in vitro culture conditions.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Oócitos , Camundongos , Feminino , Humanos , Animais , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Oócitos/metabolismo , Metabolismo Energético , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo
3.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; 460: 116375, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36634873

RESUMO

Estrogen contributes to the development of breast cancer through estrogen receptor (ER) signaling and by generating genotoxic metabolites that cause oxidative DNA damage. To protect against oxidative stress, cells activate nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and its downstream cytoprotective genes that initiate antioxidant responses and detoxify xenobiotics. Nrf2 activation occurs by inhibiting the protein-protein interaction (PPI) between Nrf2 and its inhibitor Keap1, which otherwise targets Nrf2 for ubiquitination and destruction. In this study, we examined a series of novel direct inhibitors of Keap1-Nrf2 PPI in their role in promoting the availability of Nrf2 for antioxidant activity and attenuating estrogen-mediated responses in breast cancer. ER-positive human breast cancer cells MCF-7 were treated with 17ß-estradiol (E2) in the presence or absence of selected Keap1-Nrf2 PPI inhibitors. Keap1-Nrf2 PPI inhibitors suppressed the mRNA and protein levels of estrogen responsive genes induced by E2 exposure, such as PGR. Keap1-Nrf2 PPI inhibitors caused significant activation of Nrf2 target genes. E2 decreased the mRNA and protein level of the Nrf2 target gene NQO1, and the Keap1-Nrf2 PPI inhibitors reversed this effect. The reversal of E2 action by these compounds was not due to binding to ER as ER antagonists. Further, a selected compound attenuated oxidative stress induced by E2, determined by the level of a biomarker 8-oxo-deoxyguanosine. These findings suggest that the Keap1-Nrf2 PPI inhibitors have potent antioxidant activity by activating Nrf2 pathways and inhibit E2-induced gene and protein expression. These compounds may serve as potential chemopreventive agents in estrogen-stimulated breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Estrogênios/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica
4.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 21(1): 21, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic nonspecific disease with unknown etiology. Currently, the anti-inflammatory therapeutic approaches have achieved a certain extent of effects in terms of inflammation alleviation. Still, the final pathological outcome of intestinal fibrosis has not been effectively improved yet. RESULTS: In this study, dextran-coated cerium oxide (D-CeO2) nanozyme with superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities was synthesized by chemical precipitation. Our results showed that D-CeO2 could efficiently scavenge reactive oxide species (ROS) as well as downregulate the pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, and iNOS) to protect cells from H2O2-induced oxidative damage. Moreover, D-CeO2 could suppress the expression of fibrosis-related gene levels, such as α-SMA, and Collagen 1/3, demonstrating the anti-fibrotic effect. In both TBNS- and DSS-induced colitis models, oral administration of D-CeO2 in chitosan/alginate hydrogel alleviated intestinal inflammation, reduced colonic damage by scavenging ROS, and decreased inflammatory factor levels. Notably, our findings also suggested that D-CeO2 reduced fibrosis-related cytokine levels, predicting a contribution to alleviating colonic fibrosis. Meanwhile, D-CeO2 could also be employed as a CT contrast agent for noninvasive gastrointestinal tract (GIT) imaging. CONCLUSION: We introduced cerium oxide nanozyme as a novel therapeutic approach with computed tomography (CT)-guided anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic therapy for the management of IBD. Collectively, without appreciable systemic toxicity, D-CeO2 held the promise of integrated applications for diagnosis and therapy, pioneering the exploration of nanozymes with ROS scavenging capacity in the anti-fibrotic treatment of IBD.


Assuntos
Cério , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Humanos , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cério/farmacologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Fibrose , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Inflamação , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Tomografia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
5.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2023: 4743885, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36659906

RESUMO

Increased accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and decline of adaptive response of antioxidants to oxidative stimuli has been implicated in the aging process. Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) activation is a core event in attenuating oxidative stress-associated aging. The activity is modulated by a more complex regulatory network. In this study, we demonstrate the proteasome activator REGγ function as a new regulator of Nrf2 activity upon oxidative stress in cell aging model induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). REGγ deficiency promotes cell senescence in primary MEF cells after H2O2 treatment. Accordingly, ROS scavenging is accelerated in WT cells but blunted in REGγ lacking cells during 12-hour recovery from a 1-hour H2O2 treatment, indicating long-lasting antioxidant buffering capacity of REGγ. Mechanistically, through GSK-3ß inhibition, REGγ enhances the nuclear distribution and transcriptional activity of Nrf2, which is surveyed by induction of phase II enzymes including Ho1 and Nqo1. Meanwhile, Nrf2 mediates the transcriptional activation of REGγ upon H2O2 stimulation. More interestingly, short-term exposure to H2O2 leads to transiently upregulation and gradually descent of REGγ transcription, however sustained higher REGγ protein level even in the absence of H2O2 for 24 hours. Thus, our results establish a positive feedback loop between REGγ and Nrf2 and a new layer of adaptive response after oxidative stimulation that is the REGγ-GSK-3ß-Nrf2 pathway.


Assuntos
Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Senescência Celular , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Animais
6.
Toxins (Basel) ; 15(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36668856

RESUMO

Fridericia chica (Bignoniaceae) is a Colombian Caribbean plant with numerous health benefits, including properties such as wound healing, immune system stimulation, and antioxidant capacity, among others. Mycotoxins alpha-zearalenol (α-ZEL) and beta-zearalenol (ß-ZEL) are phase I metabolites of zearalenone, a natural product involved in endocrine disruption and cell proliferation processes. This study aimed to investigate the cytotoxic potential of the hydroethanolic extract of F. chica leaves (HEFc) and determine their protective effects against proliferation induced by α-ZEL and ß-ZEL on human hepatoma HepG2, lung cancer Calu-1, and primary normal human epidermal keratinocytes, neonatal (HEKn). The cytotoxicity of HEFc was measured in a range from 4 to 1000 µg/mL and from 0.4 to 100 µM for both α-ZEL and ß-ZEL. Cell production of intracellular ROS was monitored using the H2-DCFDA probe. The cells exposed to HEFc presented IC50 of 128, 249, and 602 µg/mL for the HepG2, Calu-1, and HEKn cells, respectively. A greater selectivity was seen in HepG2 cells [selectivity index (SI) = 3.5] than in Calu-1 cells (SI = 2.4). Cells treated with mycotoxins remained viable during the first day, and cell proliferation increased at low tested concentrations (0.4-6.3 µM) in all three cell lines. However, after 48 h treatment, cells exposed to 50 and 100 µM of α-ZEL and ß-ZEL displayed decreased viability. HEFc at 16 µg/mL was able to give some protection against cytotoxicity induced by high concentrations of ß-ZEL in HepG2, reducing also cell proliferation elicited at low levels of α-ZEL and ß-ZEL. ROS production was not observed in cells treated with this HEFc concentration; however, it prevented ROS formation induced by treatment with 50 µM α-ZEL or ß-ZEL. In summary, HEFc isolated from plants grown in northern Colombia displayed promising results against cell proliferation and oxidative stress caused by mycotoxins.


Assuntos
Bignoniaceae , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Micotoxinas , Zearalenona , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Zearalenona/toxicidade , Micotoxinas/toxicidade , Linhagem Celular
7.
Toxins (Basel) ; 15(1)2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36668888

RESUMO

The current study was performed to investigate the toxic effects of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) through the evaluation of kidney function tests and histopathological examination of renal tissues, targeting the therapeutic role of Marjoram (Origanum vulgare essential oil-OEO) in improving health status. Forty-eight New Zealand Whites growing rabbits (four weeks old) weighing on average 660.5 ± 2.33 g were randomly and equally distributed into four groups, each of which had four replicas of three animals as the following: Control group (only basal diet), AFB1 group (0.3 mg AFB1/kg diet), OEO group (1 g OEO/kg diet) and co-exposed group (1 g OEO/kg + 0.3 mg AF/kg diet). Our study lasted eight weeks and was completed at 12 weeks of age. The results revealed that OEO decreased the toxic effects of AFB1 in rabbit kidneys by substantially reducing the cystatin C levels in the AFB1 group. Additionally, OEO decreased oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation levels in the co-exposed group. Moreover, OEO reduced DNA damage and inflammatory response in addition to the down-regulation of stress and inflammatory cytokines-encoding genes. Besides, OEO preserved the cytoarchitecture of rabbits' kidneys treated with AFB1. In conclusion, O. vulgare essential oil supplementation ameliorated the deleterious effects of AFB1 on the rabbits' kidneys by raising antioxidant levels, decreasing inflammation, and reversing oxidative DNA damage.


Assuntos
Nefropatias , Óleos Voláteis , Origanum , Animais , Coelhos , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Origanum/metabolismo , Aflatoxina B1/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Nefropatias/induzido quimicamente , Nefropatias/tratamento farmacológico
8.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 1131, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36670131

RESUMO

Oxidative stress and inflammation are hypothesised as the main contributor for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Cigarette smoke (CS), a major cause of COPD leads to inflammation resulting in recruitment of neutrophils and macrophages which are rich sources of oxidants. Activation of these cells produces excess oxidants and depletes antioxidants resulting in stress. Presently, effective drug for COPD is limited; therefore, novel compounds from natural sources, including plants are under exploration. The present study aims to investigate the protective effect of Ocimum sanctum leaf extract (OLE) in CS - induced model of COPD. Exposure to CS was performed thrice a week for 8 weeks and OLE (200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg) was administered an hour before CS exposure. Control group (negative control) were exposed to ambient air while COPD group was exposed to CS (positive control). Administration of OLE doses reduced inflammation, decreased oxidant concentration and increased antioxidant concentration (p < 0.01). Molecular docking studies between the major phytocompounds of OLE (Eugenol, Cyclohexane and Caryophyllene) and antioxidant enzymes Superoxide dismutase (SOD), Catalase, Glutathione peroxidase (GPx), Glutathione reductase (GR) and Glutathione S Transferase (GST) showed strong binding interaction in terms of binding energy. In vivo and in silico findings for the first time indicates that OLE extract significantly alleviates oxidative stress by its potent free radical scavenging property and strong interaction with antioxidant enzymes. OLE extract may prove to be a therapeutic option for COPD prevention and treatment.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Ocimum sanctum , Lesão Pulmonar/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo , Oxidantes/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo
9.
Biomolecules ; 13(1)2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36671529

RESUMO

Vitamin C (ascorbic acid; AA) and copper (Cu2+) are well used supplements with many health-promoting actions. However, when they are used in combination, the Fenton reaction occurs, leading to the formation of highly reactive hydroxyl radicals. Given that kidney is vulnerable to many toxicants including free radicals, we speculated that the in vivo administration of AA plus Cu2+ may cause oxidative kidney injury. The purpose of this study was to address this possibility. Mice were administered with AA and Cu2+, alone or in combination, via oral gavage once a day for various periods. Changes in the systemic oxidative status, as well renal structure and functions, were examined. The administration of AA plus Cu2+ elevated protein oxidation in serum, intestine, bladder, and kidney, as evidenced by the increased sulfenic acid formation and decreased level of free sulfhydryl groups (-SH). The systemic oxidative stress induced by AA plus Cu2+ was associated with a significant loss of renal function and structure, as indicated by the increased blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine and urinary proteins, as well as glomerular and tubular cell injury. These effects of AA and Cu2+ were only observed when used in combination, and could be entirely prevented by thiol antioxidant NAC. Further analysis using cultured renal tubular epithelial cells revealed that AA plus Cu2+ caused cellular protein oxidation and cell death, which could be abolished by NAC and catalase. Moreover, coincubation of AA and Cu2+ led to H2O2 production. Collectively, our study revealed that a combined administration of AA and Cu2+ resulted in systemic oxidative stress and renal cell injury. As health-promoting supplements, AA and Cu2+ should not be used together.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico , Cobre , Camundongos , Animais , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Ácido Ascórbico/metabolismo , Cobre/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Vitaminas/farmacologia , Rim/metabolismo
10.
Biomolecules ; 13(1)2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36671520

RESUMO

Alcohol abuse, a global health problem, is closely associated with many pathological processes, such as dyslipidemia and cardiovascular disease. In particular, excessive alcohol consumption promotes dyslipidemia and liver damage, such as hepatic steatosis, fibrosis, and cirrhosis. Beeswax alcohol (BWA) is a natural product used for its antioxidant properties that has not been evaluated for its efficacy in alcohol-induced liver injury. In the present study, zebrafish were exposed to 1% ethanol with supplementation of 10% fermented black rice bran (BRB-F), 10% BWA, or 10% mixtures of BWA+BRB-F (MIX). The BRB-F, BWA, and MIX supplementation increased the survival rate dramatically without affecting the body weight changes. In histology of hepatic tissue, alcoholic foamy degeneration was ameliorated by the BWA or MIX supplements. Moreover, dihydroethidium (DHE) and immunohistochemistry staining suggested that the MIX supplement decreased the hepatic ROS production and interleukin-6 expression significantly owing to the enhanced antioxidant properties, such as paraoxonase. Furthermore, the MIX supplement improved alcohol-induced dyslipidemia and oxidative stress. The BWA and MIX groups showed lower blood total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) levels with higher high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) than the alcohol-alone group. The MIX group showed the highest HDL-C/TC ratio and HDL-C/TG ratio with the lowest low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-C/HDL-C ratio. In conclusion, BWA and BRB-F showed efficacy to treat alcohol-related metabolic disorders, but the MIX supplement was more effective in ameliorating the liver damage and dyslipidemia, which agrees with an enhanced antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity exhibited by BWA/BRB-F in a synergistic manner.


Assuntos
Dislipidemias , Oryza , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Etanol/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Oryza/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Lipoproteínas LDL/metabolismo , Dislipidemias/metabolismo , Colesterol/metabolismo , HDL-Colesterol/metabolismo , Suplementos Nutricionais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios/metabolismo , Triglicerídeos/metabolismo
11.
Biomolecules ; 13(1)2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36671539

RESUMO

The current study aimed to monitor the impact of H2O2-induced oxidative stress on avian bone formation during the early stage of embryonic development. Fertilized Cobb broiler eggs were divided into five treatment groups and micro-injected with varying concentrations of H2O2, i.e., control (PBS; 0 nM), 10 nM, 30 nM, 100 nM, and 300 nM, on embryonic day 3, with continued incubation thereafter. The treatment concentrations were selected based on the level of lipid peroxidation and the survival rate of embryo. Embryos were collected at 6 h, 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h post-injection. The mRNA expression levels of apoptotic markers, antioxidant enzymes, and early bone formation gene markers were measured. The results showed that the microinjection of H2O2 altered the expression pattern of antioxidant enzymes' mRNA during early embryogenesis and decreased the expression of COL1A2 and COL2A1 at 6 h and 24 h post-injection. Decreased expression of BMP, BGLAP, and RUNX2 was observed 48 h post-injection. Additionally, a shorter embryo length was observed in the 100 nM and 300 nM H2O2 treatment groups 72 h post-injection. In conclusion, H2O2-induced oxidative stress suppressed the expression of bone formation gene markers, with chronic effects on avian embryonic development.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Galinhas , Animais , Galinhas/genética , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Osteogênese , Estresse Oxidativo , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(3): 3882-3893, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36629473

RESUMO

The catalytic and antioxidant properties of platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) make them promising candidates for several applications in nanomedicine. However, an open issue, still shared among most nanomaterials, is the understanding on how internalized PtNPs, which are confined within endo-lysosomal compartments, can exert their activities. To address this problem, here we study the protective effect of 5 nm PtNPs on a human hepatic (HepG2) cell line exposed to dichlorodiphenylethylene (DDE) as a model of oxidative stress. Our results indicate that PtNPs are very efficient to reduce DDE-induced damage in HepG2 cells, in an extent that depends on DDE dose. PtNPs can contrast the unbalance of mitochondrial dynamics induced by DDE and increase the expression of the SOD2 mitochondrial enzyme that recovers cells from oxidative stress. Interestingly, in cells treated with PtNPs─alone or in combination with DDE─mitochondria form contact sites with a rough endoplasmic reticulum and endo-lysosomes containing nanoparticles. These findings indicate that the protective capability of PtNPs, through their intrinsic antioxidant properties and modulating mitochondrial functionality, is mediated by an inter-organelle crosstalk. This study sheds new light about the protective action mechanisms of PtNPs and discloses a novel nano-biointeraction mechanism at the intracellular level, modulated by inter-organelle communication and signaling.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Humanos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Platina/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo
13.
Food Chem ; 409: 135271, 2023 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36587513

RESUMO

This study aims to explore whether ultra-high pressure (UHP) pre-treatment strengthened the bioaccessibility and bioactivities of the free (QF), esterified (QE) and insoluble-bound phenolics (QIB) from Que Zui tea (QT). The results revealed that the extraction yields, the total phenolic (TPC) and total flavonoid contents (TFC) of three phenolic fractions from QT were markedly increased after ultra-high pressure (UHP) processing (p < 0.05). A total of 19 and 20 compounds were characterized and quantified in non- and UHP-treated QT, respectively, including the content of 6'-O-caffeoylarbutin (11775.68 and 13248.87 µg/g of dry extract) was highest in QF, the content of caffeic acid was highest in QE (2131.58 and 7362.99 µg/g of dry extract) and QIB (9151.89 and 10930.82 µg/g of dry extract). QF, QE and QIB from QT after UHP processing had better antioxidant, ROS scavenging, and anti-apoptosis effects. The possible mechanism of cytoprotective effect was related to Keap1-Nrf2 pathway.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/análise , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch , Fenóis/farmacologia , Fenóis/análise , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Chá , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos
14.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 305: 116032, 2023 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36587882

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Kabasura Kudineer (KK), the traditional Indian medicine of Siddha, effectively manages common respiratory symptoms such as flu, cold, and fever. However, there is no evidence of the immunomodulatory capacity of KK in the cultured Jurkat T-lymphocytes under the LPS insult studied. AIM OF THE STUDY: Assess the effect of the traditional Indian medicine of Siddha, Kabasura Kudineer (KK) on immunomodulation by suppressing oxidative damage in cultured Jurkat T cells in vitro. The miRNA activity on anti-inflammatory gene receptors and cellular nitric oxide levels also was studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Jurkat T cells were exposed to LPS treatment in the presence or absence of KK. Cell viability and nitric oxide (NO) were measured with MTT and Griess assay. Cellular antioxidant systems (glutathione and SOD) were determined using glutathione and SOD assay. Lipid peroxidation was measured using an MDA assay. MiRNA-15a-5p expression was performed using microRNA qPCR Assays. Both inflammatory and anti-inflammatory genes (IL-6, IL-1, IL-10, IL-13) were performed using a qPCR and ELISA assay. RESULTS: The data showed that reduced cell proliferation and exaggerated NO production was observed in LPS treated condition compared to the control condition. Further, LPS treatment increased lipid peroxidation and reduced antioxidant enzyme activities (SOD and glutathione) in cultured Jurkat T cells. However, treatment with KK or N-acetyl cysteine (NAC; antioxidant) treatment mitigates the above effect. Mechanistically, LPS-induced oxidative stress upregulated miR- 15-5p expression and suppressed IL-10 Receptor alpha (IL-10Rα) by binding to its 3'-UTR region. The deregulated expression of IL-10Rα expression leads to increased IL-6 and IL-1ß expression in LPS-induced Jurkat T cells; however, treatment with KK or NAC reversed the above effects. CONCLUSION: Collectively, our study revealed the previously undefined mechanistic role of Kabasura Kudineer (KK) that alleviates the LPS-induced oxidative damage associated with inflammation by inhibiting the miRNA-15-5p/IL-10Rα axis.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Inflamação , Estresse Oxidativo , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Glutationa/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
15.
Metab Brain Dis ; 38(2): 671-686, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36595156

RESUMO

Neurobehavioral deficits have been severally reported as a comorbid outcome in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). This study evaluated neurological changes in the experimental model of IBDs, as well potential protective effects of methyl jasmonate (MJ). The study used the acetic acid model of colitis and thereafter delayed the healing process by the administration of indomethacin (Indo) (2 mg/kg, SC). Thirty male Wistar rats (120-160 g) were divided into 5 groups (n = 6). Control, Colitis, Colitis + Indo, MJ (50 mg/kg, IP) + Colitis and MJ + Colitis + Indo. Colitis was induced by intrarectal administration of 2 mL, 4% acetic acid. Neurobehavioral studies were carried out to assess memory function, depression, and anxiety on day 7 of post-colitis induction. Animals were thereafter sacrificed to collect the brain tissues for routine histology, immunoreactivity of GFAP and IBA-1, and biochemical assays. Neurobehavioral tests showed anxiety, depression, and memory deficits, especially in the Colitis + Indo group which were accompanied by increased IBA-1 and GFAP count. MJ reversed these effects and reduced GFAP count in the hippocampus and amygdala as well as IBA-1 count in the hippocampus, amygdala, and cortex. Histological observations of these areas showed no significant histopathological changes across all groups. GPx and CAT levels were significantly reduced, while MPO was significantly increased in colitis and Colitis+indo groups when compared with control, which was attenuated in groups administered with MJ. These findings tuggest that MJ possesses neuroprotective, anti-oxidant, and neuron-regeneration properties. Therefore, it could be considered as a potential treatment for behavioral deficits associated with ulcerative colitis.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Colite , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Ratos , Animais , Masculino , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Colite Ulcerativa/patologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Ratos Wistar , Ácido Acético/toxicidade , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/patologia , Colo/patologia
16.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 158, 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36599902

RESUMO

Cyclophosphamide (CYP) is an alkylating agent that is used on a wide range as a treatment of malignancies and autoimmune diseases. Previous studies have shown the promising role of hesperidin (HSP) as an antioxidant agent against various models of toxic agents. The protective effect of the HSP against CYP-induced parotid damage was evaluated in this study. Forty rats (180-200 g) were divided into four equal groups: Group I (received normal saline), Group II (HSP-treated at a dose of 100 mg/kg/day for 7 consecutive days), Group III (CYP-treated at a dose of 200 mg/kg single intraperitoneal injection on the 7th day of the experiment), Group IV (CYP + HSP); HSP-treated at a dose of 100 mg/kg/day for 7 consecutive days and CYP (200 mg/kg) single intraperitoneal injection on the 7th day of the experiment. Afterwards, the oxidative stress and inflammatory markers, the histopathological and immunohistochemical alterations of the parotid tissues in the studied groups were evaluated. CYP intoxication induced a significant parotid tissue injury represented by the elevation in the values of malondialdehyde (MDA), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and decrease in the catalase activity and glutathione peroxidase (GPx). Histologically, extensive histopathological alterations e.g., widely spaced serous acini with irregular shapes and congested blood vessels as well as downregulated ki-67 and alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) immunoexpression were induced by CYP. HSP administration markedly improved the biochemical and the histopathological studies. We can conclude that HSP elicited protective effects against the CYP-induced parotid toxicity.


Assuntos
Hesperidina , Glândula Parótida , Animais , Ratos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/toxicidade , Hesperidina/farmacologia , Hesperidina/uso terapêutico , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos Wistar , Glândula Parótida/lesões , Glândula Parótida/patologia
17.
Phytomedicine ; 110: 154607, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36610352

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sambucus williamsii Hance (SWH) has effectively been adopted to treat joint and bone disorders. Diabetes-induced osteopenia (DOP) is caused primarily by impaired bone formation as a result of hyperglycemia. We had previously demonstrated that SWH extract accelerated fracture healing and promoted osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cell proliferation and osteogenic differentiation. This study assessed the impacts of SWH extract on diabetes-induced bone loss and explored the mechanisms underlying its osteoprotective effects. METHODS: This work employed MC3T3-E1 cell line for evaluating how SWH extract affected osteogenesis, oxidative stress (OS), and the underlying mechanism in vitro. Streptozotocin-induced osteopenia mouse model was applied with the purpose of assessing SWH extract's osteoprotection on bone homeostasis in vivo. RESULTS: The increased OS of MC3T3-E1 cells exposed to high glucose (HG) was largely because of the upregulation of pro-oxidant genes and the downregulation of antioxidant genes, whereas SWH extract reduced the OS by modulating NADPH oxidase-4 and thioredoxin-related genes by activating cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) production and increasing the level of cGMP-mediated protein kinase G type-2 (PKG2). The oral administration of SWH extract maintained bone homeostasis in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) mice by enhancing osteogenesis while decreasing OS. In bones from hyperglycemia-induced osteopenia mice and HG-treated MC3T3-E1 cells, the SWH extract achieved the osteoprotective effects through activating the cGMP/PKG2 signaling pathway, upregulating the level of antioxidant genes, as well as downregulating the level of pro-oxidant genes. CONCLUSION: SWH extract exerts osteoprotective effects on hyperglycemia-induced osteopenia by reversing OS via cGMP/PKG signal transduction and is a potential therapy for DOP.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas , Hiperglicemia , Sambucus , Camundongos , Animais , Osteogênese , Sambucus/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Osteoblastos , Transdução de Sinais , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/etiologia , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/metabolismo , Hiperglicemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperglicemia/metabolismo , Homeostase , Estresse Oxidativo
18.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 305: 116120, 2023 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36610674

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Eryngium is known for producing a wide range of bioactive compounds with proved medicinal properties. In the last years, research has focused on E. maritimum, with previous studies reporting anticancer, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities. Ethnobotanical literature suggests that it has been traditionally used to treat a wide range of illnesses, having antitussive, diuretic and aphrodisiac properties. Being rhizome one of the most bioactive organs, much of the available references from traditional uses suggest that it has been specifically used to treat renal diseases. In this sense, inflammation and oxidative processes play a major role in kidney dysfunctions, which could be associated to the mechanism of action of the plant extracts. AIM OF THE STUDY: The main aim of the study was to investigate the effects of E. maritimum rhizome extract on the antioxidant and inflammatory response in human immune cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Rhizome extracts were obtained from plants growing in Mallorca (Balearic Islands), and its composition was determined using HPLC-DAD, highlighting simple phenolic compounds such as trans-ferulic acid, catechin, chlorogenic acid, epicatechin and rosmarinic acid as the major constituents. Total antioxidant capacity was determined using the FRAP assay. Jurkat cells were cultured to analyse cytotoxicity by cell viability assay. In parallel, cells were stimulated with phytohemagglutinin and treated with different extract concentrations. Gene and protein expression, as well as nitrite and cytokine levels were evaluated as indicators of metabolic responses. RESULTS: The plant extract showed a high diversity of pharmacologically bioactive compounds with potential therapeutic uses. The extract presented null cytotoxicity and exerted antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects on Jurkat cells by inducing an antioxidant response and reducing cytokine and nitric oxide release and the expression of pro-inflammatory genes. CONCLUSION: The present findings suggest that E. maritimum is a promising phytotherapeutic species because of its strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential, which could explain some of its traditional uses.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Eryngium , Humanos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Rizoma , Células Jurkat , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674494

RESUMO

Previously, we demonstrated that the administration of either geranylgeraniol (GGOH) or green tea polyphenols (GTP) improved bone health. This study examined the combined effects of GGOH and GTP on glucose homeostasis in addition to bone remodeling in obese mice. We hypothesized that GGOH and GTP would have an additive or synergistic effect on improving glucose homeostasis and bone remodeling possibly in part via suppression of proinflammatory cytokines. Forty-eight male C57BL/6J mice were assigned to a high-fat diet (control), HFD + 400 mg GGOH/kg diet (GG), HFD + 0.5% GTP water (TP), or HFD + GGOH + GTP (GGTP) diet for 14 weeks. Results demonstrated that GTP supplementation improved glucose tolerance in obese mice. Neither GGOH nor GTP affected pancreas insulin or bone formation procollagen type I intact N-terminal, bone volume at the lumbar vertebrae, or bone parameters at the trabecular bone and cortical bone of the femur. There was an interactive effect for serum bone resorption collagen type 1 cross-linked C-telopeptide concentrations, resulting in no-GGOH and no-GTP groups having the highest values. GGOH increased trabecular number and decreased trabecular separation at the lumbar vertebrae. GTP increased trabecular thickness at lumbar vertebrae. The GG group produced the greatest connectivity density and the lowest structure model index. Only GTP, not GGOH, decreased adipokines concentrations (resistin, leptin, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and interleukin-6). In an obese male mouse model, individual GGOH and GTP supplementation improved glucose homeostasis, serum CTX, and trabecular microstructure of LV-4. However, the combined GGOH and GTP supplementation compromises such osteoprotective effects on serum CTX and trabecular bone of obese mice.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Polifenóis , Camundongos , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos Obesos , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Remodelação Óssea , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Chá/química , Glucose/farmacologia , Homeostase , Biomarcadores
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674585

RESUMO

Oxidative stress in high-yielding dairy goats adversely affects lactation length, milk quality, and the economics of dairy products. During the lactation period, goat mammary epithelial cells (GMECs) are often in a state of disordered metabolic homeostasis primarily caused by the overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Sulforaphane (SFN), an electrophilic compound that is enriched in broccoli, is a promising antioxidant agent for future potential clinical applications. The objective of the present study was to investigate the function of SFN on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative damage in primary GMECs and the underlying molecular mechanisms. Isolated GMECs in triplicate were pretreated with SFN (1.25, 2.5, and 5 µM) for 24 h in the absence or presence of H2O2 (400 µM) for 24 h. The results showed that SFN effectively enhanced superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, elevated the ratio of glutathione (GSH)/glutathione oxidized (GSSG), and reduced H2O2-induced ROS and malondialdehyde (MDA) production and cell apoptosis. Mechanically, SFN-induced nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2/NFE2L2) translocation to the nucleus through the activation of the adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway coupled with inhibition of the caspase apoptotic pathway. In addition, GMECs were transfected with NFE2L2 small interfering RNA (NFE2L2 siRNA) for 48 h and/or treated with SFN (5 µM) for 24 h before being exposed to H2O2 (400 µM) for 24 h. We found that knockdown of NFE2L2 by siRNA abrogated the preventive effect of SFN on H2O2-induced ROS overproduction and apoptosis. Taken together, sulforaphane suppressed H2O2-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis via the activation of the AMPK/NFE2L2 signaling pathway in primary GMECs.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Feminino , Animais , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Cabras/genética , Estresse Oxidativo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Isotiocianatos/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Apoptose
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