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1.
Food Chem ; 366: 130626, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325244

RESUMO

The protective effects of the peptides Asp-Asp-Asp-Tyr (DDDY) and Asp-Tyr-Asp-Asp (DYDD) against AAPH-induced HepG2 cells are unclear. Our objective was to investigate the active sites of these peptides and their cellular antioxidant mechanism. DDDY and DYDD show a direct free radical scavenging effect in reducing ROS levels and maintained cellular antioxidant enzymes at normal levels. The quantum chemistry analysis of the electronic properties of antioxidant activity showed that DYDD has a greater energy in the highest occupied molecular orbital than DDDY, and O58-H59 and N10-H12 were identified as the active antioxidant sites in DYDD and DDDY, respectively, indicating that the inconsistent arrangement of amino acids affects the distribution of the highest occupied orbital energy as well as the active sites; thus, influences the antioxidant activity of peptides. It provide valuable insights into the antioxidant active sites of peptides.


Assuntos
Estresse Oxidativo , Peptídeos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Domínio Catalítico , Dipeptídeos
2.
Food Chem ; 366: 130643, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34330031

RESUMO

To protect walnut peptides from harsh external environments during their storage and digestion, proliposomes loaded with walnut peptides were fabricated using sucrose, trehalose, and mannitol as carriers and lyoprotectants. The physicochemical properties, environmental stability, antioxidant/antibacterial activities, and digestion in vitro of the proliposomes were evaluated. The freshly prepared liposomes were uniform in size, but the hydrated proliposomes showed a more uneven size distribution. The lyoprotectants helped maintain favorable liposome shape during lyophilization. Alongside the lyoprotectants, the walnut peptides further stabilized the lipid bilayer. Proliposomes encapsulation didn't impact the peptides' antioxidant activity. Furthermore, walnut peptides-loaded proliposomes exhibited antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The proliposomes were stable during gastric-phase digestion. The lyoprotectants changed the free fatty acid release behaviors of the proliposomes. These characteristics suggest potential applications for proliposomes as effective delivery systems for biopeptides in food stuffs, thereby protecting bioactivities during storage and passage through the gastrointestinal tract.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Juglans , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Lipossomos , Tamanho da Partícula , Peptídeos
3.
Food Chem ; 368: 130782, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392121

RESUMO

In this study, the aerial parts and bulbs of nine Allium species were investigated for their functional phytochemical profile, in vitro antioxidant activities, acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), α-amylase, α-glucosidase, and tyrosinase inhibitory properties. Phenolics, alkaloids, glucosinolates and other sulfur-containing compounds were distinctively profiled in the different species. Maceration in methanol allowed recovering the highest cumulative phenolic content in A. scabrifolium (42.31 mg/g), followed by A. goekyigiti (33.15 mg/g) and A. atroviolaceum (28.35 mg/g). The aerial parts of all Allium species showed high in vitro antioxidant activity whereas methanolic extract of A. cappadocicum bulb showed the highest inhibition against AChE (2.44 mg galantamine equivalent/g) and the water extracts of A. isauricum aerial part were the best BChE inhibitors (4.31 mg galantamine equivalent/g). Bulbs were the richer source of oligosaccharides, and in vitro digestion determined an increase of oligosaccharides bioaccessibility. A promising nutraceutical potential could be highlighted in our understudied Allium species.


Assuntos
Allium , Antioxidantes , Acetilcolinesterase , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Butirilcolinesterase , Inibidores Enzimáticos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
4.
Food Chem ; 368: 130864, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34438172

RESUMO

Ultra-high pressure (UHP) is a novel non-thermal pretreatment method in food processing for improving the extraction yield of polyphenols and functional properties. The present work investigated the phenolic profiles, antioxidant activities, and cytoprotective effects of the free, esterified, and insoluble-bound phenolic fractions from mango leaves before and after ultra-high pressure (UHP) treatment. UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap-MS/MS analysis resulted in the identification of 42 phenolic compounds in the different phenolic forms. UHP pretreatment could significantly influence the contents of total phenols, total flavonoids and individual compounds in the different phenolic fractions (p < 0.05). After UHP pretreatment, these phenolic fractions exhibited greater antioxidant activity, and inhibited reactive oxygen species production and cell apoptosis (p < 0.05). Meanwhile, IBP were the most potential antioxidative and cytoprotective ingredients. Therefore, UHP pretreated mango leaves with enhanced bioactivity could be used as biological agents in the health food industry to improve its application and economic values.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Mangifera , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Flavonoides/análise , Fenóis/análise , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
5.
Food Chem ; 370: 131012, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500293

RESUMO

Peumus boldus is an endemic tree species from Chile whose leaves have been the focus of study for decades given that their infusions are reported to relieve rheumatic symptoms, headache, dyspepsia, urinary tract inflammation, and symptoms of other illnesses. These health properties have been studied mainly using leaves and bark, then it is relevant to know more about these properties in different parts of the plant. Considering the importance of P. boldus fruits in the diet of some rural populations, we analyzed their properties to explore its impact on the Chilean population health. Liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry analysis confirmed the presence of alkaloids such as boldine, although aporphine N-methyl-laurotetanine was the most abundant. In addition, flavonoids catechin, chrysin and quercetin were also found in the extract. Cytotoxicity and anti-inflammatory activities of the fruit extract were invitro tested by using a murine macrophage cell model, observing that a diluted fraction of the extract was not cytotoxic, but showed anti-inflammatory activity, which is likely attributed to antioxidants activities. By means of quantum chemical calculations, we calculated the redox potential of the respective alkaloids and flavonoids found in the extract. Results suggest a synergistic effect between alkaloids and flavonoids, where boldine and N-methyl-laurotetanine showed similar antioxidant properties. Finally, we present a description of the oxidation mechanisms for both groups of molecules which will sustain P. boldus fruit biological properties, in order to give this kind of fruits scientific value focusing on human health.


Assuntos
Peumus , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Frutas , Humanos , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta
6.
J Sci Food Agric ; 102(1): 19-40, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453323

RESUMO

Eleocharis dulcis, an aquatic plant belonging to Cyperaceae family, is indigenous to Asia, and also occurs in tropical Africa and Australia. The edible corm part of E. dulcis is a commonly consumed aquatic vegetable with a planting area of 44.46 × 103 hm2 in China. This work aims to explore the potential of E. dulcis corm for use as a new food source for sufficient nutrients and health benefits by reviewing its nutrients, phytochemicals, functions, processing and food products. Eleocharis dulcis corm contains starches, dietary fibers, non-starch polysaccharides, proteins, amino acids, phenolics, sterols, puchiin, saponins, minerals and vitamins. Among them, phenolics including flavonoids and quinones could be the major bioconstituents that largely contribute to antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antitumor, hepatoprotective, neuroprotective and hypolipidemic functions. Peel wastes of E. dulcis corm tend to be enriched in phenolics to a much higher extent than the edible pulp. Fresh-cut E. dulcis corm can be consumed as a ready-to-eat food or processed into juice for beverage production, and anti-browning processing is a key to prolonging shelf life. Present food products of E. dulcis corm are centered on various fruit and vegetable beverages, and suffer from single categories and inadequate development. In brief, underutilized E. dulcis corm possesses great potential for use as a new food source for sufficient nutrients and health benefits. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Eleocharis/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Animais , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/metabolismo , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Eleocharis/metabolismo , Manipulação de Alimentos , Humanos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/metabolismo , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Caules de Planta/química , Caules de Planta/metabolismo
7.
J Sci Food Agric ; 102(1): 41-52, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34460939

RESUMO

Phenolic compounds are abundant in nature and have multiple beneficial effects on human health due to their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antithrombotic, antiallergenic, anticancer, and antiatherosclerotic properties. For this reason, phenolics are becoming relevant functional ingredients for several industries, mainly the food industry, derived from food consumer exigencies and regulations. However, the use of their beneficial properties still presents some limitations, such as chemical instability under environmental and processing conditions, which leads to structural changes and compromises their biological activities. They also present poor water solubility and sensitivity to pH changes, decreasing their bioavailability in the organism. The technologies for extraction and stabilization of these compounds have evolved rapidly in the development of different delivery systems to encapsulate sensitive active molecules. Biopolymeric nanoparticles are biodegradable polymer-based colloidal systems with sizes ranging from 1 to 1000 nm, and different techniques can be carried out to develop them. These systems have emerged as a green and effective alternative to improve stability, bioavailability, and biological effects of phenolic compounds. This comprehensive review aims to present an overview of recent advances in encapsulation processes of phenolic compounds within biopolymer nanoparticles as delivery systems and the impact on their physicochemical properties and biological effects after encapsulation. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Biopolímeros/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/instrumentação , Nanopartículas/química , Fenóis/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Disponibilidade Biológica , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Humanos , Fenóis/farmacologia
8.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 200(1): 172-182, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33682074

RESUMO

T-2 toxin is a trichothecene mycotoxin produced by fusarium species, which is mainly prevalent in grain and livestock feed. One of the main effects of this toxin is immunodepression. Previous studies have shown that T-2 toxin can cause damage to immune organs and impaired immune function in animals. However, selenomethionine (SeMet) as an organic selenium source can not only promote the growth and development of the body but also effectively improve the body's immune function. In this study, rabbits were exposed to 0.4-mg/kg T-2 toxin, and abnormal blood routine indicators were found in the rabbits. HE staining also showed obvious lesions in the spleen and thymus tissue structures, accompanied by a large number of bleeding points. In addition, rabbits showed strong oxidative stress and inflammatory response after T-2 toxin action. 0.2 mg/kg, 0.4 mg/kg, and 0.6 mg/kg organic selenium were added to the feed. However, it was found that 0.2 mg/kg selenium can effectively improve the abnormal changes of blood routine and spleen and thymus tissue of rabbits. On the other hand, it can significantly increase the expression of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) in the spleen and thymus, and downregulate the expression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA). In addition, inflammatory factors interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in blood were also significantly inhibited; the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in the spleen and thymus was also significantly increased after low-dose selenium treatment. Surprisingly, 0.4 mg/kg and 0.6 mg/kg of selenium did not effectively alleviate the immunotoxic effects caused by T-2 toxin, and cause damage to a certain extent. In summary, our results show that 0.2 mg/kg of SeMet can effectively alleviate the immunotoxicity caused by T-2 toxin. Selenium may protect rabbits from T-2 toxin by improving its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capabilities.


Assuntos
Selênio , Toxina T-2 , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Malondialdeído , Estresse Oxidativo , Coelhos , Selenometionina/metabolismo , Selenometionina/toxicidade , Toxina T-2/toxicidade
9.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 200(1): 197-205, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559025

RESUMO

The widespread industrial use of nitrite in preservatives, colorants, and manufacturing rubber products and dyes increases the possibilities of organ toxicity. Lithium borate (LB) is known as an antioxidant and an oxidative stress reliever. Therefore, this study is aimed at examining the effect of LB on nitrite-induced hepatorenal dysfunction. Twenty-eight male Swiss mice were divided into four equal groups. Group 1, the control group, received saline. Group 2 received LB orally for 5 consecutive days at a dose of 15 mg/kg bw. Group 3, the nitrite group, received sodium nitrite (NaNO2) on Day 5 (60 mg/kg bw intraperitoneally). Group 4, the protective group (LB + NaNO2 group), received LB for 5 days and then a single dose of NaNO2 intraperitoneally on Day 5, the same as in Groups 2 and 3, respectively. Samples of blood and kidney were taken for serum analysis of hepatorenal biomarkers, levels of antioxidants and cytokines, and the expression of genes associated with oxidative stress and inflammation. NaNO2 intoxication increased markers of liver and kidney functions yet decreased reduced glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase activities in blood. NaNO2 also increased the expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß and interleukin-6 (IL-1ß and IL-6). Pre-administration of LB protected mice from oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation, and the decrease in antioxidant enzyme activity. Moreover, LB protected mice from cytokine changes, which remained within normal levels. LB ameliorated the changes induced by NaNO2 on the mRNA of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nfr2), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), transforming growth factor-beta 2 (TGF-ß2), and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) as determined using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). These results collectively demonstrate that LB ameliorated NaNO2-induced oxidative stress by controlling the oxidative stress biomarkers and the oxidant/antioxidant state through the involvement of the Nrf2/HO-1 and NF-κB signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Heme Oxigenase-1 , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Boratos/farmacologia , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Oxidantes , Estresse Oxidativo , Nitrito de Sódio/toxicidade
10.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 361: 109463, 2022 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742143

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify the phenolic compounds contained in propolis and to evaluate the effect of propolis and its extracts on the antifungal activity, pH, color, and sensory analysis of creamy cheese with thyme (thyme labneh). Ethanolic and water extracts of propolis were evaluated to determine its phenolic compound content and antioxidant activity. Phenolic compounds in propolis were identified and quantified using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Antifungal activities, color, pH, and sensory evaluation of propolis and its extracts (water and ethanolic) were investigated at concentrations of 0.5%, 1%, and 1.5%. The results showed 11 phenolic compounds in the propolis extract. Our findings revealed a significant difference in phenolic content and antioxidant activity in the ethanolic extract of propolis when compared with the water extract (P < 0.05). Microbial counts in thyme labneh treated with propolis powder and its extracts (ethanolic and water) showed significant differences compared with the control at all concentrations (0.5%, 1%, and 1.5%). Propolis powder and ethanolic extracts at concentrations of 1% and 1.5% were limited the rapid growth of mold and yeast, so the results showed no significant difference between 14 and 21 days for these samples. In addition, the 1.5% water extract did not show a significant difference (P > 0.05) between Days 14 and 21. The sensory panel did not detect a significant difference in any sensory attribute in the thyme labneh treated with propolis extracts. This study identified the significant antioxidant and antimicrobial effectiveness of using propolis in dairy products, suggesting its potential as a natural preservative.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Própole , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Etanol , Fenóis , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Própole/farmacologia
11.
J Sci Food Agric ; 102(1): 280-290, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091920

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A polysaccharide was purified in this study, which was acquired from the fermentation broth of Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo. We aimed to investigate the structural features and bioactivity of this polysaccharide. RESULTS: The polysaccharide was purified and the main polysaccharide fraction (i.e., DOP-1) was obtained. High-performance gel permeation chromatography (HPGPC) revealed that the molecular weight of DOP-1 was 447.48 kDa. Galactose, glucose and mannose were found to be present in DOP-1 via monosaccharide composition analysis, at a ratio of 1:1.79:6.71. Methylation and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic analysis indicated that the backbone of DOP-1 was →4)-α-d-Glcp-(1 → 4)-α-d-Manp-(1 → 4)-α-d-Manp-(1 → 4,6)-α-d-Manp-(1→, and its repeating units were also preliminarily established. In vitro tests proved that DOP-1 not only protects RAW264.7 macrophages from the cytotoxic effect induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), but also inhibits cytokines (i.e., interleukin-6 and tumour necrosis factor-α) induced by LPS. DOP-1 demonstrated good scavenging activity in vitro toward 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl and hydroxyl radicals, as well as good metal chelating activity. Therefore, DOP-1 has potential antioxidant applications. CONCLUSION: The structural characteristics of DOP-1 support its favourable biological activities and lay a strong foundation for further exploration of its structure-activity relationships and activity development, providing experimental data for the development and utilisation of fermentation broth of D. officinale. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Dendrobium/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Sequência de Carboidratos , Cromatografia em Gel , Fermentação , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Peso Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Polissacarídeos/isolamento & purificação , Células RAW 264.7 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
12.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2021: 6021763, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34754326

RESUMO

Background: Oxidative stress, inflammation, and nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs) apoptosis are involved in pathogenesis of intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration (IVDD). Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) has been found to effectively depress oxidative stress and inflammation via the Nrf2 pathway. Hence, this project was designed to explore the underlying mechanisms of how DMF protects NPCs from damage by LPS challenge. Methods and Results: CCK8 assay and flow cytometry of apoptosis indicated that DMF treatment attenuated LPS-induced NPC damage. Western blot analysis demonstrated that DMF enhanced the expressions of nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in LPS-challenged NPCs. DMF treatment significantly decreased the accumulation of ROS, downregulated inflammatory cytokines (p-NF-κB, IL-1ß, and TNF-α), and ER stress-associated apoptosis proteins (Bip, calpain-1, caspase-12, caspase-3, and Bax) in LPS-challenged NPCs. The level of antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2 was promoted by DMF treatment in LPS-challenged NPCs. Glutathione (GSH) assay showed that DMF treatment improved reduced to oxidized glutathione ratio in LPS-challenged NPCs. Furthermore, the results of western blot analysis indicated that in LPS-challenged NPCs, DMF treatment ameliorated the elevated levels of matrix degradation enzymes (MMP-13, aggrecanase 1) and type I collagen and the reduced levels of matrix composition (type II collagen and ACAN). However, Nrf2 knockdown abolished these protective effects of DMF. Conclusion: Our data suggested that treatment with DMF mitigated LPS-induced oxidative stress, inflammation, and ER stress-associated apoptosis in NPCs via the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway, thus reliving LPS-induced dysfunction of NPCs, which offered a novel potential pharmacological treatment strategy for IVDD.


Assuntos
Fumarato de Dimetilo/farmacologia , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/tratamento farmacológico , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/agonistas , Núcleo Pulposo/efeitos dos fármacos , Núcleo Pulposo/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Biologia Computacional , Citocinas/metabolismo , Citoproteção/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Núcleo Pulposo/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 16: 7319-7337, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34754187

RESUMO

Introduction: Viola betonicifolia is a rich source of numerous secondary metabolites, such as alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, phenolic compounds, saponins, triterpenoids, and so on, that are biologically active towards different potential biomedical applications. To broaden the potential use of Viola betonicifolia in the realm of bionanotechnology, we investigated the plant's ability to synthesize gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) in a green and efficient manner for the very first time. Methods: The gold nanoparticles (VB-Au NPs) were synthesized using the leaves extract of Viola betonicifolia, in which plant's secondary metabolites function as both reducing and capping agents. The VB-Au NPs were successfully characterized with spectroscopic techniques. The antimicrobial properties of the VB-Au NPs were further explored against bacterial and mycological species. Additionally, their antioxidant, cytotoxic, and cytobiocompatibility properties were examined in vitro against linoleic acid peroxidation, MCF-7 cancer cells, and human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), respectively. Results: Results demonstrated that VB-Au NPs presented excellent antibacterial, antifungal, and biofilm inhibition performance against all the tested microbial species compared to plant leaves extract and commercially purchased chemically synthesized gold NPs (CH-Au NPs). Moreover, they also exhibited significant antioxidant potential, comparable to the external standard. The VB-Au NPs displayed good cytobiocompatibility with hMSCs and demonstrated excellent cytotoxic potential against MCF-7 cancer cells compared to CH-Au NPs. The current work presents a green method for synthesizing VB-Au NPs with enhanced antioxidant, antimicrobial, cytotoxic and biofilm inhibition efficacy compared to CH-Au NPs might be attributed to the synergistic effect of the nanoparticle's physical properties and the adsorbed biologically active phytomolecules from the plant leaves extract on their surface. Conclusion: Thus, our study establishes a novel ecologically acceptable route for nanomaterials' fabrication with increased and/or extra medicinal functions derived from their herbal origins.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Viola , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Ouro , Química Verde , Humanos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta
14.
Acta Cir Bras ; 36(10): e361005, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817026

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Reactive oxygen species (ROS), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) have been shown in the pathogenesis of acrylamide neurotoxicity. Hippophae rhamnoides L. extract (HRE) has a cytoprotective effect by stabilizing the production of ROS, IL-1ß and TNF-α. The objective of the article was to investigate the effect of HRE on acrylamide-induced brain damage in rats biochemically and histopathologically. METHODS: To the HRE+acrylamide only (ACR) group (n=6) of the animals, HRE was administered orally at a dose of 50 mg / kg into the stomach by gavage. The same volume of solvent (olive oil) was administered orally to the ACR (n=6) and healthy (HG) (n=6) groups. One hour after HRE administration, acrylamide was given orally at a dose of 20 mg/kg to HRE+ACR and ACR groups in the same way. This procedure was repeated once a day for 30 days. At the end of this period, brain tissues extracted from animals killed with 50 mg/kg thiopental anesthesia were examined biochemically and histopathologically. RESULTS: It has been shown that HRE prevents the increase of malondialdehyde (MDA), myeloperoxidase (MPO), IL-1ß and TNF-α with acrylamide and the decrease of total glutathione (tGSH) and glutathione reductase (GSHRd) levels in brain tissue. CONCLUSIONS: HRE may be useful in the treatment of acrylamide-induced neurotoxicity.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas , Hippophae , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Malondialdeído , Estresse Oxidativo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Ratos
15.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(45): 13350-13363, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730960

RESUMO

Insulin resistance (IR) is one of the pathological reasons for type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Therefore, it is important to prevent the body from developing T2DM by improving IR and maintaining glucose homeostasis. Anthocyanins (ACNs) are water-soluble pigments and are widely distributed in natural products. This article summarizes research on the bioavailability and metabolism of ACNs. Moreover, we further elaborate on how ACNs reduce IR and hyperglycemia during the development of T2DM based on studies over the past 20 years. Many studies have demonstrated that ACNs are small molecules that target the pancreatic, liver, muscle, and adipose tissues, preventing IR and hyperglycemia. However, the molecular mechanisms are still unclear. Therefore, we envision whether the molecular mechanism of reducing T2DM by ACNs could be more deeply investigated.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Resistência à Insulina , Antocianinas , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Glicemia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Dieta , Humanos , Insulina
16.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(10): 1540-1546, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755670

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the antioxidant, anti-tumor and immunomodulatory activities of exopolysaccharides with different molecular masses isolated from Rhizopus nigricans. METHODS: Three polysaccharides with different molecular masses, namely RPS-1, RPS-2 and RPS-3, were separated from the fermentation broth of Rhizopus nigricans by fractional ethanol precipitation, and their capacity for scavenging DPPH, ABTS, and hydroxyl radicals was assessed. Cell counting kit-8 was used to analyze the changes in the viability of MFC, A549 and RAW 264.7 cells following treatments with the 3 polysaccharides; The level of nitric oxide in the supernatant of RAW 264.7 cells was detected using a nitric oxide detection kit, and the apoptosis rate of A549 cells was analyzed with flow cytometry. RESULTS: All the 3 polysaccharides had good antioxidant activities, and among them RPS-1 with a medium molecular mass exhibited the strongest scavenging capacity for DPPH and ABTS radicals (P < 0.05) while RPS-3 with the lowest molecular mass had the best scavenging activity for hydroxyl radicals (P < 0.01). All the 3 polysaccharides were capable of inhibiting the proliferation of MFC cells and A549 cells, activating the macrophages RAW 264.7 cells, and inducing apoptosis of A549 cells. RPS-2 with the highest molecular mass showed the strongest inhibitory effects against MFC and A549 cells (P > 0.05), and RPS-2 had the strongest activity for inducing apoptosis in A549 cells (P < 0.05). Compared with the other two polysaccharides, RPS-2 more strongly promoted the proliferation of RAW 264.7 cells and enhanced NO release from the cells (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The 3 polysaccharides all have antioxidant, anti-tumor and immunomodulatory activities, and among them RPS-1 and RPS-3 have better antioxidant activities, and RPS-2 has stronger anti-tumor and immunomodulatory activities.


Assuntos
Polissacarídeos , Rhizopus , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Macrófagos , Camundongos , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Células RAW 264.7
17.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(10): 1554-1561, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755672

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanism of PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway for mediating the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects of chrysin. METHODS: RAW264.7 cells were treated with different concentrations of chrysin for 24 h, and the changes in cell viability were detected using CCK-8 method. The cells with or without chrysin pretreatment for 2 h were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for different lengths of time, and the related signal molecules were screened using protein chip technique. In cells pretreated with chrysin for 2 h followed by LPS stimulation for 18 h, the release of IL-6, MCP-1 and TNF-α by the cells was detected with ELISA, and NO production was examined using Griess method, and ROS level was determined using DCFH-DA. The effects of chrysin, LPS, and their combination on the mRNA expressions of iNOS and COX-2 were detected using RT-PCR; Western blotting was performed to examine the changes in cellular expressions of p-AKT, p-PRAS40, p-mTOR, mTOR, p-P70S6k, p-S6RP and S6RP following the treatments with LPS, N-Acetyl-L-cysteine, and chrysin, alone or in combinations. RESULTS: Chrysin below 60 µg/mL did not significantly affect the viability of RAW264.7 cells (P>0.05). Chrysin treatment significantly reduced the release of IL-6, MCP-1, and TNF-α and the level of NO (P < 0.01), and inhibited the mRNA and protein expressions of iNOS and COX-2 (P < 0.01) in the cells. The results of protein chip screening suggested that LPS could activate the AKT/mTOR pathway, which was significantly inhibited by chrysin pretreatment, and the results were verified by Western blotting (P < 0.01). Chrysin treatment significantly reduced the generation of endogenous ROS, and treatment with N-Acetyl-L-cysteine to eliminate intracellular ROS obviously reduced the expressions of iNOS and COX-2 (P < 0.05) and blocked the AKT/mTOR pathway (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Chrysin can inhibit the synthesis of the upstream signaling molecule ROS to inhibit the activation of AKT/mTOR signaling pathway, regulate the translation process of ribosomes, down-regulate the synthesis and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and inflammatory mediators, and thus produce anti-inflammatory effects.


Assuntos
Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Citocinas , Flavonoides , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Análise Serial de Proteínas , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
18.
J Biotechnol ; 342: 79-91, 2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751134

RESUMO

GR15 is a short molecule or peptide composed of aliphatic amino acids and possesses to have antioxidant properties. The GR15, 1GGGAFSGKDPTKVDR15 was identified from the protein S-adenosylmethionine synthase (SAMe) expressed during the sulfur departed state of Arthrospira platensis (spirulina or cyanobacteria). The in-silico assessment and the structural features of GR15 showed its antioxidant potency. Real-time PCR analysis found the up-regulation of ApSAMe expression on day 15 against oxidative stress due to 10 mM H2O2 treatment in A. platensis (Ap). The antioxidant activity of GR15 was accessed by the cell-free antioxidant assays such as ABTS, SARS, HRAS and NO; the results showed dose-dependent antioxidant activity. The toxicity assay was performed in both in vitro and in vivo models, in which peptide does not exhibit any toxicity in MDCK cell and zebrafish embryos. The intercellular ROS reduction potential of GR15 peptide was also investigated in both in vitro and in vivo models including LDH assay, antioxidant enzymes (SOD and CAT), and fluorescent staining assay (DCFDA, Hochest and Acridine orange sting) was performed; the results showed that the GR15 peptide was effectively reduced the ROS level. Further, RT-PCR demonstrated that GR15 enhanced the antioxidant property and also up-regulated the antioxidant gene, thus reduced the ROS level in both in vitro and in vivo models. Based on the results obtained from this study, we propose that GR15 has the potential antioxidant ability; hence further research can be directed towards the therapeutic product or drug development against disease caused by oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Spirulina , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cães , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/toxicidade , Larva/metabolismo , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Estresse Oxidativo , Peptídeos/metabolismo , S-Adenosilmetionina , Spirulina/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
19.
Phytomedicine ; 92: 153754, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607205

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bisphenol A (BPA) is an artificial chemical widely used in the production of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins. Accumulating evidence indicates that BPA exposure is associated with metabolic disorders. The beneficial effects of green tea and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), major catechin present in green tea, on alleviating BPA-induced metabolic disorders have been shown in various studies. PURPOSE: Protective effects of green tea extract and EGCG on BPA-induced metabolic disorders and possible underlying mechanisms were investigated. METHODS: Rats were randomly divided into control, green tea extract (50 and 100 mg/kg, IP), EGCG (20 and 40 mg/kg, IP), BPA (10 mg/kg, gavage), BPA plus green tea extract (25, 50, and 100 mg/kg, IP), BPA plus EGCG (10, 20, and 40 mg/kg, IP), and BPA plus vitamin E (200 IU/kg, IP). After two months, body weight, blood pressure, biochemical blood tests, hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA), and glutathione (GSH) were assessed. By enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, serum levels of insulin, leptin, adiponectin, TNFα, and IL-6, and by western blotting, hepatic insulin signaling (IRS-1, PI3K, Akt) were measured. RESULTS: BPA increased body weight, blood pressure, and MDA, decreased GSH, elevated serum levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, total cholesterol, triglyceride, glucose, insulin, leptin, TNFα, IL-6, and liver enzymes including alanine aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase, and lowered high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and adiponectin levels. In western blot, decreased phosphorylation of IRS-1, PI3K, and Akt was obtained. Administration of green tea extract, EGCG, or vitamin E with BPA reduced the detrimental effects of BPA. CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that green tea extract and EGCG can be effective in preventing or reducing metabolic disorders induced by BPA linked to their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity, regulating the metabolism of lipids, and improving insulin signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Catequina , Doenças Metabólicas , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Catequina/farmacologia , Doenças Metabólicas/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Metabólicas/tratamento farmacológico , Fenóis , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ratos , Chá
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(19)2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639090

RESUMO

Cervical cancer is a life-threatening disease and the fourth most common cancer among women worldwide. Apple pomace is a multifunctional phenolic compound possessing effective biological activity against cervical cancer cells. This study aimed to investigate the anticancer effects of quercetin-3-glucoside (Q3G) extracted from apple pomace in HeLa cell lines and analyze its molecular mechanisms. High-performance liquid chromatography revealed that Q3G, coumaric acid, phloridzin, quercetin, and phloretin are the major polyphenolic compounds constituting apple pomace. Among them, Q3G possessed the greatest antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in vitro and exhibited significant cytotoxic effects in HeLa cells in a dose-and time-dependent manner. Flow cytometric analysis indicated that Q3G induced cell cycle arrest at the S phase in a time-dependent manner by altering cyclin-dependent kinase 2. Moreover, it induced apoptosis via chromosomal DNA degradation and increased reactive oxygen species generation. Furthermore, Q3G treatment altered the apoptosis-associated protein expression in the cells by activating caspase-9/-3, downregulating anti-apoptosis protein B-cell lymphoma (Bcl)-2 expressions and up regulating the pro-apoptotic Bcl-2-associated X protein. BH3-interacting domain death agonist cleavage occurred prior to the degradation of an anti-apoptotic Mu-2-related death-inducing gene involved in cell death signaling. Consequently, apple pomace Q3G holds promise as an anti-inflammatory and anticancer agent for treating cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Malus/química , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Humanos , Quercetina/farmacologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
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