Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.532
Filtrar
Mais filtros








Intervalo de ano de publicação
2.
JAMA ; 327(18): 1823-1824, 2022 05 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35536269
3.
J Glob Health ; 12: 05001, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35392585

RESUMO

Background: A previously published meta-analysis found that about one-third of the general population experienced some mental health problem during the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, potentially leading to a late mental health crisis. We aimed to describe the acute, short-term, and long-term effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health. Methods: A one-year online survey (S) was conducted in Spain (April 2020 - March 2021). We recruited 18 180 subjects using a virtual respondent-driven snowball sampling method (S1 April 2020, n = 6108; S2 October-November 2020, n = 6418; S3 March 2021, n = 5654). Participants completed the Spanish Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21). Results: Overall, our results suggest a progressive increase in the prevalence of anxiety and stress throughout the pandemic waves and relative stability of depression. Women had a greater probability of having depression, anxiety, or stress than men in each survey (P < 0.001). The youngest group (aged 18-24) reported a higher probability (P < 0.05) of having depression, anxiety, or stress than the older groups in S1 and S2. Middle-aged people (25-59) had a greater probability of being a case in the DASS-21 scales than the oldest group (60+), except for depression in men (P = 0.179). In S3, the trend changed: the youngest group showed a decrease in depression and stress while the oldest group showed a dramatic increase (anxiety: men = 664.5%, women = 273.52%; stress: men = 786%, women = 431.37%). Conclusions: It is plausible to conclude that COVID-19 psychological fatigue exists, especially in middle-aged and older adults. Strategies to assist people who have fewer coping skills should be implemented in the near future.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Fadiga Mental , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fadiga Mental/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Front Public Health ; 10: 868914, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35400047

RESUMO

Background: Professional identity (PI) influences the doctor's thoughts and behaviors. Thus, PI formation (PIF) plays an important role in medical students' education. Major changes to the learning environment could impact PIF, but the influence of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on medical students' PI had confusing conclusions in previous studies. We aimed to compare PI of medical students by using the data from three waves of national cross-sectional surveys conducted in China in 2019, 2020, and 2021, and to examine factors that influence PIF. Method: We used data from the China Medical Student Survey (CMSS) which has conducted three national cross-sectional surveys. From 2019 to 2021, CMCC retrieved data on PI from a nationally representative sample of medical students from 33, 121, and 123 colleges, respectively. We analyzed the data using Chi-square test, analysis of variance, and multivariable logistic regression according to sociodemographic characteristics, pre-university experience, college characteristics, and college experience. Results: A total of 244,040 medical students in China participated in the surveys. The overall score of PI increased from 3.80 in 2019 to 3.85 in 2021. Medical students with family medical background, high intrinsic and extrinsic motivation of major selection, teachers' positive role model, and high personal comprehensive quality ranking were more likely to have higher PI (all p < 0.05). The more attention students paid to the COVID-19 pandemic, the higher PI they would have (aOR 1.93, 95% CI 1.67-2.24 for more attention; aOR 2.31, 95% CI 2.00-2.68 for the most attention). However, parents' participation on the front lines of COVID-19 pandemic negatively influenced the PI of medical students (aOR 0.72, 95% CI 0.57-0.93). Conclusions: PI of medical students increased during the COVID-19 pandemic. The impact of the pandemic on PI was complex. To improve the PI of medical students, the education sector, health sector and the society need to make concerted efforts.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Autoimagem , Estudantes de Medicina , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
5.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 848, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35484616

RESUMO

Individuals' access to sport and physical activity has been hampered due to COVID-19 lockdown restrictions. In Australia participation in community sport was cancelled during lockdowns. There is limited research on the impact of sport participation restrictions on the health and wellbeing of adults.AimThe aim of this study was to investigate the perceived health and wellbeing of a sample of predominantly active Australian adults, both during COVID-19 and in comparison with one year earlier (pre COVID-19).MethodsA survey was conducted during the first COVID-19 restrictions and lockdowns in Australia in May-June 2020. It was distributed by national and state sporting organisations and through researchers' social media accounts. This particular paper focuses on adults aged 18-59 years. The survey collected information on participant demographics, the sport and physical activity patterns pre- COVID-19, and health and wellbeing outcomes during COVID-19 lockdown and compared to one year earlier. The health measures were cross-tabulated against the demographic and sport and physical activity variables, and group profiles compared with chi-square tests. Scales were derived from three wellbeing questions, and group differences were analysed by t-tests and F-tests.ResultsThe survey sample included 1279 men and 868 women aged 18-59 years. Most (67%) resided in metropolitan cities. The great majority (83%) were sport participants. During COVID-19 lockdown men were significantly more likely than women to report worse or much worse general (p = 0.014), physical (p = 0.015) and mental health (p = 0.038) and lower life satisfaction (p = 0.016). The inactive adults were significantly more likely to report poorer general health (p = 0.001) and physical health (p = 0.001) compared to active adults. The younger age cohort (18-29 years) were significantly more likely to report poorer general wellbeing (p < 0.001), and lower life satisfaction (p < 0.001) compared to the older age groups.ConclusionIt seems that the absence of playing competitive sport and training with friends, teams and within clubs has severely impacted males and younger adults in particular. Sports clubs provide an important setting for individuals' health and wellbeing which is why clubs require the capacity to deliver sport and individuals may need to regain the motivation to return.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Exercício Físico , Esportes , Adulto , Austrália/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/psicologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esportes/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 7049, 2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35487945

RESUMO

Intrusive memories of trauma are recurrent distressing sensory-perceptual impressions of the traumatic event that enter consciousness spontaneously and unwanted. They often contain the worst moment/s ('hotspots') of the trauma memory and have primarily been studied in clinical populations after real trauma. Intrusive memories can also be studied using analogue trauma as an 'experimental psychology model'. Little is known about the features of analogue trauma hotspots. Here we report an ancillary analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial. Seventy non-clinical participants viewed a trauma film containing COVID-19 related footage. Features of hotspots/intrusive memories of the film were explored using linguistic analysis and qualitative content coding. Participants reported on average five hotspots (M = 9.5 words/hotspot). Akin to hotspots soon after real trauma, analogue hotspots/intrusions primarily contained words related to space. Most contained sensory features, yet few cognitions and emotions. Results indicate that features of analogue trauma hotspots mirror those of hotspots soon after real trauma, speaking to the clinical validity of this 'experimental psychology model'.ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT04608097, registered on 29/10/2020.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Memória , Ferimentos e Lesões/psicologia , Afeto , COVID-19/psicologia , Cognição , Humanos , Filmes Cinematográficos
7.
Sante Publique ; Vol. 33(6): 959-970, 2022 Mar 11.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35485027

RESUMO

Since early 2020, the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, physicians have continued to report adverse events associated with care. Patients also continued to participate in the hospital satisfaction surveys. To date, no study in France has measured the impact of the pandemic on adverse events and patient satisfaction. We looked at the characteristics of these adverse events in relation to the pandemic and put patients' feelings into perspective. A qualitative and observational retrospective study of the REX and MCO48 databases was carried out. The quantitative study of the REX database was supplemented by a qualitative analysis of the declarations. The adverse events more often affects middle-aged men aged 60 years, while deaths occur in older patients with more complex pathologies and more urgent management. The nature of these events is different depending on the reporting period: Those reported in the first wave are more urgent, occur less frequently in the operating room than in the emergency room, and are considered less preventable than those reported in the second wave. The latter are more similar to the events that usually occur. The implementation of effective barriers, particularly within the teams, has made it possible to reduce the impact of the second wave on the occurrence of these events, the role of communication seems essential. The overall patient satisfaction score as well as those for medical and paramedical care has increased, which may reflect patient solidarity with caregivers. The attitude of active resilience on the part of all actors has been a major element in risk management during this crisis and it is essential to capitalize on these collaborative processes for the future.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Satisfação do Paciente , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , COVID-19/terapia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/normas , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Salas Cirúrgicas , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Gestão de Riscos
8.
Sci Data ; 9(1): 145, 2022 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35365668

RESUMO

During the second half of 2020, many European governments responded to the resurging transmission of SARS-CoV-2 with wide-ranging non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs). These efforts were often highly targeted at the regional level and included fine-grained NPIs. This paper describes a new dataset designed for the accurate recording of NPIs in Europe's second wave to allow precise modelling of NPI effectiveness. The dataset includes interventions from 114 regions in 7 European countries during the period from the 1st August 2020 to the 9th January 2021. The paper includes NPI definitions tailored to the second wave following an exploratory data collection. Each entry has been extensively validated by semi-independent double entry, comparison with existing datasets, and, when necessary, discussion with local epidemiologists. The dataset has considerable potential for use in disentangling the effectiveness of NPIs and comparing the impact of interventions across different phases of the pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19/terapia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Intervenção Psicossocial , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 5632, 2022 04 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35379888

RESUMO

Psychological-distress increased at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in Argentina. Longitudinal studies in developing countries are scarce. Particularly, Argentina had one of the longest lockdowns. Differences in preventive measures against the virus spread between countries may differentially affect the mental health of the populations. Here we aimed to characterize distinct psychological-distress and related-symptoms trajectories associated with the pandemic and explore risk/protective factors. In this longitudinal study, data from 832 Argentineans were collected every 3-5 months, between April 2020-August 2021. Mean psychological-distress levels and related-symptoms tended to increase over time. However, latent-class analysis identified four distinct psychological-distress trajectories. Most individuals had consistently good mental health (Resilient). Two classes showed psychological-distress worsening during the initial phase of the pandemic and recovered at different time points (Fast Recovery; Slow Recovery). The remaining class maintained a mild -level of psychological-distress and began to deteriorate in March 2021 (Deteriorating) continuously. Individuals who are younger, female, have pre-existing psychiatric diagnoses, or have high neuroticism or lower resilience were more likely to experiencing fluctuations in psychological-distress. The mental health trajectory during the pandemic had a complex dynamic. Although most participants remained resilient, a vulnerable group was detected, which deteriorated over time and should be considered by health-services.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Angústia Psicológica , Adaptação Psicológica , Argentina/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Países em Desenvolvimento , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Quarentena/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
10.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 6091, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35413973

RESUMO

The question of pet ownership contributing to human well-being has received mixed empirical evidence. This contrasts with the lay intuition that pet ownership contributes positively to wellness. In a large representative sample, we investigate the differences that may exist between pet vs. non-pet owners in terms of their well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic, and examine among different sociodemographic strata, for whom pet ownership can be more vs. less beneficial. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted among Canadian adults (1220 pet owners, 1204 non-pet owners). Pet owners reported lower well-being than non-pet owners on a majority of well-being indicators; this general pet ownership effect held when accounting for pet species (dogs, cats, other species) and number of pets owned. Compared to owners of other pets, dog owners reported higher well-being. When examining the effect of pet ownership within different socioeconomic strata, being a pet owner was associated with lower well-being among: women; people who have 2 + children living at home; people who are unemployed. Our results offer a counterpoint to popular beliefs emphasising the benefits of pets to human wellness during the COVID-19 pandemic and confirm the importance of accounting for sociodemographic factors to further understand the experience of pet ownership.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Propriedade , Animais de Estimação/psicologia , Animais , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Canadá , Estudos Transversais , Cães , Feminino , Humanos , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Goiânia; SES-GO; 04 mar. 2022. 1-7 p. ilus, tab.
Não convencional em Português | Coleciona SUS, Coleciona SUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1363013

RESUMO

As mudanças ocasionadas pela pandemia de COVID-19, nos últimos dois anos, têm resultado para muitas pessoas em sentimentos de medo, ansiedade e tristeza (WHO, 2020). Diante deste cenário, portanto, as autoridades de saúde ligaram o sinal de alerta para o possível aumento da mortalidade por suicídio ao redor do mundo durante a pandemia de COVID-19


The changes brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic in the last two years have resulted for many people in feelings of fear, anxiety and sadness (WHO, 2020). Faced with this scenario, therefore, health authorities turned on the alert signal for the possible increase in suicide mortality around the world during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto Jovem , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia
12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(4): 1403-1413, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35253198

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was planned to determine the burnout levels of physicians during the COVID-19 pandemic, and to contribute to taking the necessary measures by determining the associated factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This research was designed via Google Online Form as an online survey with questions of Sociodemographic Data Form, Maslach Burnout Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory and was conducted with 40 specialist physicians actively working at the Sakarya University Training and Research Hospital. The same questionnaire was re-applied online after two months, and 24 out of 40 physicians were accessed. The SPSS 25 (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA) program was used for the analysis of the data. RESULTS: According to the Maslach Burnout Inventory applied in the pre-test, it was found that the feeling of personal accomplishment was high, emotional burnout was normal, and depersonalization was low. Anxiety and burnout were found to be positively correlated, and there were no statistically significant differences in the average values of the pre-and post-test Maslach Burnout Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory scores. CONCLUSIONS: Detecting possible burnout in physicians working in a pandemic, identifying associated factors and taking required measures can be beneficial both for physicians and society from a biopsychosocial perspective.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Médicos/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Ansiedade , Correlação de Dados , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Condições Sociais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia/epidemiologia
13.
PLoS One ; 17(3): e0264962, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35303003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown pose a threat for adolescents' mental health, especially for those with an earlier vulnerability. Accordingly, these adolescents may need increased support from family and friends. This study investigated whether family functioning and peer connectedness protects adolescents with earlier internalizing or externalizing symptoms from increased depressive symptoms during the first Dutch COVID-19 lockdown in a low-risk community sample. METHODS: This sample comprised 115 adolescents (Mage = 13.06; 44% girls) and their parents (N = 111) and is part of an ongoing prospective study on child development. Internalizing and externalizing symptoms were self-reported a year before the COVID-19 lockdown. In an online survey during the first Dutch lockdown (April-May 2020), adolescents reported depressive symptoms and perceived peer connectedness, and parents reported family functioning. RESULTS: Twenty-four percent of adolescents reported clinically relevant symptoms of depression during the first COVID-19 lockdown. Depressive symptoms were significantly predicted by earlier internalizing, but not externalizing symptoms. Furthermore, higher quality of family functioning, but not peer connectedness, predicted fewer adolescent depressive symptoms. Family functioning and peer connectedness did not moderate the link between pre-existing internalizing symptoms and later depressive symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: In a low-risk community sample, one-in-four adolescents reported clinically relevant depressive symptoms at the first COVID-19 lockdown. Higher earlier internalizing symptoms and lower quality of family functioning increased risks. These results indicate that even in low-risk samples, a substantial group of adolescents and their families are vulnerable during times of crisis.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Adolescente , Mecanismos de Defesa , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
PLoS One ; 17(3): e0263568, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35312697

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 is a new pandemic that poses a threat to people globally. In Ethiopia, where classrooms are limited, students are at higher risk for COVID-19 unless they take consistent preventative actions. However, there is a lack of evidence in the study area regarding student compliance with COVID-19 preventive behavior (CPB) and its predictors. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess CPB and its predictors among students based on the perspective of the Health Belief Model (HBM). METHOD AND MATERIALS: A school-based cross-sectional survey was conducted from November to December 2020 to evaluate the determinants of CPB among high school students using a self-administered structured questionnaire. 370 participants were selected using stratified simple random sampling. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize data, and partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) analyses to evaluate the measurement and structural models proposed by the HBM and to identify associations between HBM variables. A T-value of > 1.96 with 95% CI and a P-value of < 0.05 were used to declare the statistical significance of path coefficients. RESULT: A total of 370 students participated with a response rate of 92%. The median (interquartile range) age of the participants (51.9% females) was 18 (2) years. Only 97 (26.2%), 121 (32.7%), and 108 (29.2%) of the students had good practice in keeping physical distance, frequent hand washing, and facemask use respectively. The HBM explained 43% of the variance in CPB. Perceived barrier (ß = - 0.15, p < 0.001) and self-efficacy (ß = 0.51, p <0.001) were significant predictors of student compliance to CPB. Moreover, the measurement model demonstrated that the instrument had acceptable reliability and validity. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS: COVID-19 prevention practice is quite low among students. HBM demonstrated adequate predictive utility in predicting CPBs among students, where perceived barriers and self-efficacy emerged as significant predictors of CPBs. According to the findings of this study, theory-based behavioral change interventions are urgently required for students to improve their prevention practice. Furthermore, these interventions will be effective if they are designed to remove barriers to CPBs and improve students' self-efficacy in taking preventive measures.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , COVID-19/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Modelo de Crenças de Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Análise de Classes Latentes , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Autoeficácia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
15.
PLoS One ; 17(3): e0265560, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35312701

RESUMO

AIM: The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted governments around the globe to implement various restriction policies, including lockdown, social distancing, and school closures. Subsequently, there has been a surge in sedentary behaviour particularly screen time (ST) together with a significant decline in physical activity that was more marked amongst children and adolescents. Excessive screen exposure in adolescents has been correlated with cardio-metabolic risk factors including obesity, hypertension, high cholesterol, and glucose intolerance that may have adverse morbidity and mortality implications in adulthood. Thus, the current study aimed to synthesize the literature on the relationship between ST of various types and the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in adolescents in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: In August 2021, a systematic search of the literature was undertaken using electronic databases: PubMed, PsycINFO, and the Cochran library. Studies were considered if they met the following key eligibility criteria: (i) Measure of ST as an exposure (TV, computer, videogames, internet, smartphone, tablet), using quantified duration/frequency either self-reported or observed; (ii) Measure of MetS as an outcome with standard definition and/or criteria required to establish MetS diagnosis. The Quality Assessment Tool for Observational Cohort and Cross-Sectional Studies was used to assess the risk of bias. RESULTS: A total of ten studies met the inclusion criteria, and the majority were cross sectional studies. Most studies met fair bias scoring. Overall, the review revealed considerable evidence that suggests a significant negative association between ST and components of MetS among adolescents with dose-response association. CONCLUSION: During the pandemic, screen usage may become more prevalent through periods of school closures, lockdowns, social isolation, and online learning classes. Public health policies and health promotion strategies targeting parents are needed to raise awareness of the adverse health effects associated with screen-based sedentary behaviour as a precursor of NCDs. Parent or home focused interventions might be effective in limiting adolescents' screen exposure, alternatively substituted with an appropriate level of physical activity. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO 2021 CRD42021272436.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Comportamento Sedentário , Adolescente , COVID-19/psicologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/etiologia , Tempo de Tela
16.
PLoS One ; 17(3): e0265695, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35312726

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In the current study, the views of Jordanian regarding sharing medical reports for research purposes were investigated during the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, motivators and barriers regarding sharing of medical records were examined. METHODS: This observational survey-based cross-sectional study was conducted using an electronic questionnaire during the COVID-19 pandemic (second half of 2020). The questionnaire link was disseminated through two social media platforms (WhatsApp and Facebook), targeting Jordanian adults (age >18 years). RESULTS: In this study, 1,194 participants agreed to complete the study survey. Results showed that 58.3% of them (n = 696) reported to be willing to share their medical data. while 17.6% of the participants (n = 210) showed hesitancy to share their medical information. The most important motivators as perceived by the study participants were helping other patients who have similar health conditions (n = 995, 83.3%). Moreover, fearing from stigma (n = 753, 63.1%), and the lack of confidence in data security and privacy (n = 728, 61.0%) were among the main barriers preventing participants from sharing their information. Finally, results showed that participants with higher educational level (bachelor or higher) (OR = 0.299, P<0.001), or those living in center of Jordan (OR = 0.270, P<0.001) showed a lower tendency to share their medical data. While participants those who have shared data before showed a higher tendency to share their medical data (OR = 2.524, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: In this study, many of the participants had a positive attitude towards sharing biomedical data for scientific research during the COVID-19 pandemic, many had doubts in the control over their data. Thus, policymakers and data users should address the concerns and values of patients and understand their preferences in favor of an ethically scrupulous use of data in research.


Assuntos
Árabes/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Disseminação de Informação , Privacidade/psicologia , Adulto , Pesquisa Biomédica , COVID-19/psicologia , Segurança Computacional , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Jordânia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estigma Social , Adulto Jovem
17.
PLoS One ; 17(3): e0265496, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35320309

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although vaccines are considered the most effective and fundamental therapeutic tools for consistently preventing the COVID-19 disease, worldwide vaccine hesitancy has become a widespread public health issue for successful immunization. The aim of this review was to identify an up-to-date and concise assessment of potential factors influencing COVID-19 vaccine acceptance and refusal intention, and to outline the key message in order to organize these factors according to country count. METHODS: A systematic search of the peer-reviewed literature articles indexed in reputable databases, mainly Pub Med (MEDLINE), Elsevier, Science Direct, and Scopus, was performed between21stJune 2021 and10th July 2021. After obtaining the results via careful screening using a PRISMA flow diagram, 47 peer-reviewed articles met the inclusion criteria and formed the basic structure of the review. RESULTS: In total, 11 potential factors were identified, of which the greatest number of articles (n = 28) reported "safety" (34.46%; 95% CI 25.05─43.87) as the overarching consideration, while "side effects" (38.73%; 95% CI 28.14─49.32) was reported by 22 articles, which was the next common factor. Other potential factors such as "effectiveness" were identified in 19 articles (29.98%; 95% CI 17.09─41.67), followed by "trust" (n = 15 studies; 27.91%; 95% CI 17.1─38.73),"information sufficiency"(n = 12; 34.46%; 95% CI 35.87─63.07),"efficacy"(n = 8; 28.73%; 95% CI 9.72─47.74), "conspiracy beliefs" (n = 8; 14.30%; 95% CI 7.97─20.63),"social influence" (n = 6; 42.11%; 95% CI 14.01─70.21), "political roles" (n = 4; 16.75%; 95% CI 5.34─28.16), "vaccine mandated" (n = 4; 51.20%; 95% CI 20.25─82.15), and "fear and anxiety" (n = 3; 8.73%; 95% CI 0.59─18.05). The findings for country-specific influential vaccination factors revealed that, "safety" was recognized mostly (n = 14) in Asian continents (32.45%; 95% CI 19.60─45.31), followed by the United States (n = 6; 33.33%; 95% CI12.68─53.98). "Side effects" was identified from studies in Asia and Europe (n = 6; 35.78%; 95% CI 16.79─54.77 and 16.93%; 95% CI 4.70─28.08, respectively), followed by Africa (n = 4; 74.60%, 95% CI 58.08─91.11); however, public response to "effectiveness" was found in the greatest (n = 7) number of studies in Asian countries (44.84%; 95% CI 25─64.68), followed by the United States (n = 6; 16.68%, 95% CI 8.47─24.89). In Europe, "trust" (n = 5) appeared as a critical predictor (24.94%; 95% CI 2.32─47.56). "Information sufficiency" was identified mostly (n = 4) in articles from the United States (51.53%; 95% CI = 14.12─88.74), followed by Asia (n = 3; 40%; 95% CI 27.01─52.99). More concerns was observed relating to "efficacy" and "conspiracy beliefs" in Asian countries (n = 3; 27.03%; 95% CI 10.35─43.71 and 18.55%; 95% CI 8.67─28.43, respectively). The impact of "social influence" on making a rapid vaccination decision was high in Europe (n = 3; 23.85%, 95% CI -18.48─66.18), followed by the United States (n = 2; 74.85%). Finally, "political roles" and "vaccine-mandated" were important concerns in the United States. CONCLUSIONS: The prevailing factors responsible for COVID-19 vaccine acceptance and hesitancy varied globally; however, the global COVID-19 vaccine acceptance relies on several common factors related to psychological and, societal aspect, and the vaccine itself. People would connect with informative and effective messaging that clarifies the safety, side effects, and effectiveness of prospective COVID-19 vaccines, which would foster vaccine confidence and encourage people to be vaccinated willingly.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , /estatística & dados numéricos , COVID-19/psicologia , Humanos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Fatores de Risco , /psicologia
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35270389

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic led to numerous restrictions in daily life that had a significant impact on the well-being and mental health of the population. Among others, children and adolescents were particularly affected, being a vulnerable group at risk. The aim of this study was to assess the emotional situation of children and adolescents during different phases of the pandemic and to identify modifying factors. Data from the serial cross-sectional COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) survey in Germany were used for this study. The survey waves 12 (19th/20th May 2020) and 21 (15th/16th September 2020) were investigated as examples of two different pandemic phases. The psychosocial and emotional situation and well-being of children were measured with the emotional subscale of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) assessed by parents. Descriptive analyses and logistic regressions were calculated. In total, a third of the participating parents in wave 12 and in wave 21 reported having children and adolescents with emotional symptoms. Especially children with younger parents seemed to be more affected by emotional symptoms. Sociodemographic aspects, such as household language, showed a significant association with reported emotional symptoms in children (Wave 12: OR = 2.22; 95% CI: 1.20-4.09). Reported prevalences of emotional symptoms in children did not differ between the pandemic phases. In conclusion, the pandemic had negative influences on the emotional symptoms of children and adolescents in COVID-19 pandemic waves in 2020, indicating a forecasted reoccurrence and need for preventive measures for upcoming waves and other pandemics in the future.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Pandemias , Adolescente , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Emoções , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Quarentena/psicologia , SARS-CoV-2
19.
PLoS One ; 17(3): e0264257, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35275930

RESUMO

COVID-19 pandemic has led to psychological health issues one of which is fear. This study validates the Arabic version of the fear of COVID-19 scale and suggests a new cutoff score to measure fear of COVID-19 among the Syrian Population. A total of 3989 participants filled an online survey consisting of socio-demographic information, the fear of COVID-19 scale, the patient health questionnaire 9-item, and the generalized anxiety disorder 7-item. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was used to define cutoff scores for the fear of COVID-19 scale in relation to generalized anxiety disorder 7-item and the patient health questionnaire 9-item. The Cronbach α value of the Arabic fear of COVID-19 scale was 0.896, revealing good stability and internal consistency. The inter-item correlations were between [0.420-0.868] and the corrected item-total correlations were between [0.614-0.768]. A cutoff point of 17.5 was deduced from the analysis. According to the deduced cutoff point, 2111(52.9%) were categorized as extreme fear cases. This cutoff score deduced from this study can be used for screening purposes to distinguish community members that may be prone to developing extreme fear of COVID-19. Therefore, early preventive and supportive measures can then be delivered.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , COVID-19 , Medo/psicologia , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Síria/epidemiologia
20.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 191, 2022 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35260098

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 social restrictions have increased the risk for depression compared to the previous period in Italian women with Low-Risk Pregnancy (LRP). lLess is known about the impact of COVID-19 restrictions on High-Risk Pregnancy (HRP). This study aimed: 1) to explore levels of depression in women who become pregnant before and during COVID-19 pandemic, distinguishing between LRP and HRP; 2) to analyze the impact of COVID-19 restrictions on pregnancy experience in LRP and HRP. METHODS: A before-during COVID-19 pandemic cross-sectional study was carried out on 155 pregnant women (Mean age = 34.18), between 23 and 32 weeks of gestation. 77 women were recruited before COVID-19 pandemic (51.9% LRP; 48.1% HRP) and 78 women were recruited during COVID-19 pandemic (51.3% LRP; 48.7% HRP). HRP group was enrolled during hospitalization for high-risk pregnancy. Participants filled out Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. Moreover, only COVID-19 group answered an open-ended question about the impact of restriction on pregnancy experience. RESULTS: HRP women reported higher levels of depressive symptoms than LRP. No difference emerged for COVID (before/during) but an interaction effect between COVID-19 and obstetric condition was found. The qualitative results showed the impact of restrictions on emotions and concerns. CONCLUSION: Respect to the previous period, LRP women during COVID-19 presented an increased risk for depressive symptoms than HRP. The HRP women during COVID-19 seemed to use hospitalization as a resource to find a social support network with other pregnant women and to be reassured on the clinical ongoing of pregnancy.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Gravidez de Alto Risco/psicologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Emoções , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Itália , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez/psicologia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Quarentena/psicologia , SARS-CoV-2
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA