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1.
Environ Sci Technol ; 58(15): 6509-6518, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561599

RESUMO

We aimed to evaluate the association between air pollutants and mortality risk in patients with acute aortic dissection (AAD) in a longitudinal cohort and to explore the potential mechanisms of adverse prognosis induced by fine particulate matter (PM2.5). Air pollutants data, including PM2.5, PM10.0, nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and ozone (O3), were collected from official monitoring stations, and multivariable Cox regression models were applied. Single-cell sequencing and proteomics of aortic tissue were conducted to explore the potential mechanisms. In total, 1,267 patients with AAD were included. Exposure to higher concentrations of air pollutants was independently associated with an increased mortality risk. The high-PM2.5 group carried approximately 2 times increased mortality risk. There were linear associations of PM10, NO2, CO, and SO2 exposures with long-term mortality risk. Single-cell sequencing revealed an increase in mast cells in aortic tissue in the high-PM2.5 exposure group. Enrichment analysis of the differentially expressed genes identified the inflammatory response as one of the main pathways, with IL-17 and TNF signaling pathways being among the top pathways. Analysis of proteomics also identified these pathways. This study suggests that exposure to higher PM2.5, PM10, NO2, CO, and SO2 are associated with increased mortality risk in patients with AAD. PM2.5-related activation and degranulation of mast cells may be involved in this process.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Dissecção Aórtica , Ozônio , Humanos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Proteômica , Material Particulado/análise , Ozônio/análise , Dióxido de Enxofre , Exposição Ambiental/análise , China
2.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 13(8): e031578, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563379

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In 2009, a workplace-based hypertension management program was launched among men with hypertension in the Kailuan study. This program involved monitoring blood pressure semimonthly, providing free antihypertensive medications, and offering personalized health consultations. However, the cost-effectiveness of this program remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: This analysis included 12 240 participants, with 6120 in each of the management and control groups. Using a microsimulation model derived from 10-year follow-up data, we estimated costs, quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), life-years, and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) for workplace-based management compared with routine care in both the study period and over a lifetime. Analyses are conducted from the societal perspective. Over the 10-year follow-up, patients in the management group experienced an average gain of 0.06 QALYs with associated incremental costs of $633.17 (4366.85 RMB). Projecting over a lifetime, the management group was estimated to increase by 0.88 QALYs or 0.92 life-years compared with the control group, with an incremental cost of $1638.64 (11 301.37 RMB). This results in an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of $1855.47 per QALY gained and $1780.27 per life-year gained, respectively, when comparing workplace-based management with routine care. In probabilistic sensitivity analyses, with a threshold willingness-to-pay of $30 765 per QALY (3 times 2019 gross domestic product per capita), the management group showed a 100% likelihood of being cost-effective in 10 000 samples. CONCLUSIONS: Workplace-based management, compared with routine care for Chinese men with hypertension, could be cost-effective both during the study period and over a lifetime, and might be considered in working populations in China and elsewhere.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Masculino , Humanos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Local de Trabalho , China/epidemiologia , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida
3.
Sci Total Environ ; 926: 172121, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565345

RESUMO

Mycorrhizae and their hyphae play critical roles in soil organic carbon (SOC) accumulation. However, their individual contributions to SOC components and stability under climate warming conditions remain unclear. This study investigated the effects of warming on the SOC pools of Picea asperata (an ectomycorrhizal plant) and Fargesia nitida (an arbuscular mycorrhizal plant) mycorrhizae/hyphae on the eastern Tibetan Plateau. The results indicated that mycorrhizae made greater contributions to SOC accumulation than hyphae did by increasing labile organic carbon (LOC) components, such as particle organic carbon (POC), easily oxidizable organic carbon, and microbial biomass carbon, especially under warming conditions. Plant species also had different effects on SOC composition, resulting in higher mineral-associated organic carbon (MAOC) contents in F. nitida plots than in P. asperata plots; consequently, the former favored SOC stability more than the latter, with a lower POC/MAOC. Partial least-squares path modelling further indicated that mycorrhizae/hyphae indirectly affected LOC pools, mainly by changing soil pH and enzyme activities. Warming had no significant effect on SOC content but did change SOC composition by reducing LOC through affecting soil pH and iron oxides and ultimately increasing SOC stability in the presence of mycorrhizae for both plants. Therefore, the mycorrhizae of both plants are major contributors to the variation of SOC components and stability under warming conditions.


Assuntos
Micorrizas , Solo , Solo/química , Micorrizas/química , Carbono/análise , Hifas/química , Tibet , China , Plantas , Minerais , Microbiologia do Solo
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 41(4): 437-442, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565509

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical phenotype and genetic characteristics of a Chinese pedigree affected with Spastic paraplegia type 5A (SPG5A). METHODS: A pedigree suspected for Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) at Henan Children's Hospital on August 15 2022 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the pedigree was collected. Peripheral blood samples were collected from members of the pedigree. Following extraction of genomic DNA, trio-WGS was carried out, and candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: The child, a 1-year-old boy, had presented with microcephaly, hairy face and dorsal side of distal extremities and trunk, intellectual and motor development delay, increased muscle tone of lower limbs, hyperreflexes of bilateral knee tendons, and positive pathological signs. His parents and sister both had normal phenotypes. Trio-WGS revealed that the child has harbored a homozygous c.1250G>A (p.Arg417His) variant of the CYP7B1 gene, for which his mother was heterozygous, the father and sister were of the wild type. The variant was determined to have originated from maternal uniparental disomy (UPD). The result of Sanger sequencing was in keeping with the that of trio-WGS. SPG5A due to maternal UPD of chromosome 8 was unreported previously. CONCLUSION: The child was diagnosed with SPG5A, a complex type of HSP, for which the homozygous c.1250G>A variant of the CYP7B1 gene derived from maternal UPD may be accountable.


Assuntos
Paraplegia Espástica Hereditária , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , China , Mutação , Paraplegia/genética , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Paraplegia Espástica Hereditária/genética
5.
Environ Sci Technol ; 58(15): 6605-6615, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566483

RESUMO

Microbial nitrogen metabolism is a complicated and key process in mediating environmental pollution and greenhouse gas emissions in rivers. However, the interactive drivers of microbial nitrogen metabolism in rivers have not been identified. Here, we analyze the microbial nitrogen metabolism patterns in 105 rivers in China driven by 26 environmental and socioeconomic factors using an interpretable causal machine learning (ICML) framework. ICML better recognizes the complex relationships between factors and microbial nitrogen metabolism than traditional linear regression models. Furthermore, tipping points and concentration windows were proposed to precisely regulate microbial nitrogen metabolism. For example, concentrations of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) below tipping points of 6.2 and 4.2 mg/L easily reduce bacterial denitrification and nitrification, respectively. The concentration windows for NO3--N (15.9-18.0 mg/L) and DOC (9.1-10.8 mg/L) enabled the highest abundance of denitrifying bacteria on a national scale. The integration of ICML models and field data clarifies the important drivers of microbial nitrogen metabolism, supporting the precise regulation of nitrogen pollution and river ecological management.


Assuntos
Desnitrificação , Nitrogênio , Nitrogênio/análise , Rios , Nitrificação , China , Bactérias
6.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 20(1): 2337161, 2024 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566539

RESUMO

The epidemiological and clinical aspects of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection in women have been extensively studied. However, there is a lack of information regarding HPV characteristics in males. In this study, we conducted a retrospective and observational study of 3737 consecutive male individuals attending outpatient clinics of Guangdong Women and Children Hospital from 2012 to 2023 in Guangzhou, South China, to determine the age- and genotype-specific prevalence of HPV in men. The results showed the overall prevalence of HPV among men was 42.15% (1575/3737), with variations ranging from 29.55% to 81.31% across distinct diagnostic populations. Low-risk HPV6 (15.47%), HPV11 (8.94%), and high-risk HPV52 (5.51%) were the most common types. The annual HPV prevalence decreased significantly (Z = -3.882, p < .001), ranging from 31.44% to 52.90%. 28.77% (1075/3737) of men manifested infection with a singular HPV type, predominantly identified as a low-risk type. The age-specific distribution of HPV infections revealed distinctive peaks in the < 25 y age group (47.60%, 208/437) and the 40-44 y age group (44.51%, 154/346). Notably, the positive rate of Chlamydia trachomatis was significantly higher among HPV-positive individuals in comparison to HPV-negatives (16.14% vs. 11.25%, p < .05). Our findings reveal a substantial prevalence of HPV infection among outpatient men in Guangzhou, South China. It is recommended to consider the inclusion of HPV vaccination for adolescent males in national immunization schedules, once an adequate supply of vaccines is accessible.


Assuntos
Infecções por Papillomavirus , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Humanos , Masculino , China/epidemiologia , Genótipo , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Risco , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Vacinação , Adulto Jovem , Adulto
7.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(4): 266, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568470

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Family caregivers, also known as informal caregivers, are critical for the home care of patients with urostomy. The present study aimed to investigate the benefits of family caregivers in China while taking care of patients with urostomy from a positive perspective. METHODS: A qualitative research design was adopted, with a thematic analysis. The qualitative research software NVivo was used for data analysis. Twenty-two family caregivers of urostomy patients participated in an in-depth interview for 60-90 min. A qualitative analysis was performed using a thematic approach in accordance with the six-stage thematic analysis process reported by Braun and Clarke (2006). RESULTS: The following four benefits were identified: mastering knowledge and skills, promoting self-growth, establishing close family ties, and changing the way of life. Among these four themes, 11 sub-themes were constructed by coders. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides new insights into intervention measures for family caregivers of patients with urostomy, which could play an important role in developing the overall model of family-centered nursing.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Humanos , China , Pesquisa Qualitativa , População do Leste Asiático
8.
Sci Total Environ ; 926: 172133, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569960

RESUMO

Evaluating the impact of global warming on rice production and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is critical for ensuring food security and mitigating the consequences of climate change. Nonetheless, the impacts of warming on crop production, GHG emissions, and microbial mechanisms in the single-cropping rice systems remain unclear. Here, a two-year field experiment was conducted to explore the effects of warming (increased by 2.7-3.0 °C on average) in the rice growing season on crop production and functional microorganisms associated with GHG emissions. Results showed that warming resulted in significant reduction (p < 0.01) in the aboveground biomass and grain yield as well as in grain weight, the number of spikelets per panicle, and the seed-setting rate. However, it caused a significant increase (p < 0.01) in the number of panicles by 15.6 % and 34.9 %, respectively. Furthermore, warming significantly increased (p < 0.01) seasonal methane (CH4) emissions but reduced nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, particularly in 2022.The relative abundance of genes associated with CH4 metabolism and nitrogen metabolism was increased by 40.7 % and 32.7 %, respectively, in response to warming. Moreover, warming had a positive impact on the abundance of genes related to CH4 production and oxidation processes but did not affect the denitrification processes associated with N2O production. These results showed that warming decreased rice yield and biomass in the single cropping rice system but increased CH4 emissions and global warming potential. Taken together, to address the increasing food demand of a growing population and mitigate the impacts of global warming, it is imperative to duce GHG emissions and enhance crop yields.


Assuntos
Gases de Efeito Estufa , Oryza , Gases de Efeito Estufa/análise , Oryza/metabolismo , Agricultura/métodos , Aquecimento Global , Produção Agrícola , Óxido Nitroso/análise , Metano/análise , Solo , China
9.
J Psychiatr Res ; 173: 340-346, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579479

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are highly prevalent and increase risks of various morbidities. However, the extent to which depressive symptoms could account for incidence of these chronic conditions, in particular multimorbidity patterns, remains to be examined and quantified. METHODS: For this cohort analysis, we included 9024-14,093 participants aged 45 years and older from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the longitudinal associations between depressive symptoms and 13 common chronic diseases and 4 multimorbidity patterns. Population attributable fractions (PAFs) combining the information on both exposure prevalence and risk association were estimated to quantify the magnitude of the burden of these conditions attributable to depressive symptoms. RESULTS: Depressive symptoms were associated with increased risks of liver disease, stroke, heart problem, asthma, diabetes, arthritis, kidney disease, chronic lung disease, digestive disease, dyslipidemia, and memory-related disease, and the adjusted HRs (95% CIs) and PAFs (95% CIs) ranged from 1.15 (1.05-1.26) to 1.64 (1.38-1.96) and 5% (0-10%) to 17% (6-28%), respectively. In addition, individuals with depressive symptoms had elevated risks of the cardiometabolic-cancer pattern, the cerebrovascular-memory pattern, the articular-visceral organ pattern, and the respiratory pattern, with respective HRs (95% CIs) of 1.26 (1.11-1.42), 1.34 (1.07-1.69), 1.45 (1.29-1.63), and 2.01 (1.36-2.96), and respective PAFs (95% CIs) of 5% (0-10%), 8% (-4-21%), 12% (7-17%), and 20% (5-35%). CONCLUSION: Depressive symptoms contribute substantially to the burden across a broad range of chronic diseases as well as different multimorbidity patterns in middle-aged and older Chinese.


Assuntos
Depressão , Multimorbidade , Idoso , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/complicações , Estudos Longitudinais , Incidência , Doença Crônica , China/epidemiologia
10.
Environ Sci Technol ; 58(15): 6814-6824, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581381

RESUMO

Identifying persistent, mobile, and toxic (PMT) substances from synthetic chemicals is critical for chemical management and ecological risk assessment. Inspired by the triazine analogues (e.g., atrazine and melamine) in the original European Union's list of PMT substances, the occurrence and compositions of alkylamine triazines (AATs) in the estuarine sediments of main rivers along the eastern coast of China were comprehensively explored by an integrated strategy of target, suspect, and nontarget screening analysis. A total of 44 AATs were identified, of which 23 were confirmed by comparison with authentic standards. Among the remaining tentatively identified analogues, 18 were emerging pollutants not previously reported in the environment. Tri- and di-AATs were the dominant analogues, and varied geographic distributions of AATs were apparent in the investigated regions. Toxic unit calculations indicated that there were acute and chronic risks to algae from AATs on a large geographical scale, with the antifouling biocide cybutryne as a key driver. The assessment of physicochemical properties further revealed that more than half of the AATs could be categorized as potential PMT and very persistent and very mobile substances at the screening level. These results highlight that AATs are a class of PMT substances posing high ecological impacts on the aquatic environment and therefore require more attention.


Assuntos
Atrazina , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Rios/química , Triazinas/análise , Atrazina/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(15): e37643, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608104

RESUMO

To investigate the status of the drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) among children in Sichuan, and to find out the risk factors and high-risk population related to drug resistance among children. The clinical data of tuberculosis patients ≤14 years old with culture-confirmed tuberculosis hospitalized in Chengdu Public Health Clinical Center from January 2013 through December 2022 were collected. Clinical data such as gender, age, ethnicity, history of anti-TB treatment, history of exposure to tuberculosis, nutritional status, and specific drug resistance of the children were collected and recorded. The drug resistance of children in different age groups (0-4 years old, 5-9 years old, 10-14 years old) and different periods (2013-2017 and 2018-2022) were grouped and compared. Logistic regression analysis was to analyze analysis of risk factors of drug resistance in children. A total of 438 children with culture-confirmed tuberculosis were screened. Among them, 26.19% (11/42) were 0 to 4 years old, 33.33% (22/66) were 5 to 9 years old, and 36.67% (121/330) were 10 to 14 years old among the resistant children. There was no statistically significant difference in the resistance rate among the 3 groups (P = .385). The proportions of DR-TB, monoresistant tuberculosis, polydrug-resistant tuberculosis were decreased during 2019 to 2022 compared with 2013 to 2017 (P < .0001). The resistance rates of drug resistant, monoresistant, polydrug-resistant, isoniazid-resistant, and rifampicin resistant during 2018 to 2022 were decreased compared with those from 2013 to 2017 (P < .05), but the multi-drug resistance rate was not decreased (P = .131, without statistical difference). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that male gender OR = 1.566 (95% CI 1.035-2.369), a history of antituberculosis therapy OR = 4.049 (95% CI 1.442-11.367), and pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis OR = 7.335 (95% CI 1.401-38.392) were risk factors for the development of drug resistance; but fever OR = 0.581 (95% CI 0.355-0.950) was Protective factor. The total drug resistance rate of children in Sichuan showed a downward trend, but the rate of multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis was still at a high level, and the form of drug resistance was still severe. Absence of fever, male, retreatment, and pulmonary concurrent with extrapulmonary tuberculosis are risk factors for DR-TB in children.


Assuntos
Tuberculose Extrapulmonar , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Adolescente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos/tratamento farmacológico , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , China/epidemiologia , Febre
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(15): e37691, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608109

RESUMO

To describe the epidemiology of congenital malformations of the external ear (CMEE). Data were obtained from the Birth Defects Surveillance System in Hunan Province, China, 2016 to 2020. The prevalence of CMEEs is defined as the number of cases per 1000 fetuses (births and deaths at 28 weeks of gestation and beyond) (unit: ‰). Prevalence and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated by the log-binomial method. Chi-square trend tests (χ2trend) were used to determine trends in prevalence by year. P < .05 was considered statistically significant. Crude odds ratios (ORs) were calculated to examine the association of sex, residence, and maternal age with CMEEs. Our study included 847,755 fetuses, and 14,459 birth defects were identified, including 1227 CMEEs (accounted for 8.49% of birth defects). The prevalences of birth defects and CMEEs were 17.06‰ (95%CI: 16.78-17.33) and 1.45‰ (95%CI: 1.37-1.53), respectively. A total of 185 microtia-anotias were identified, accounting for 15.08% of CMEEs, with a prevalence of 0.22‰ (95%CI: 0.19-0.25). And 1042 other CMEEs were identified, accounting for 84.92% of CMEEs. From 2016 to 2020, the prevalences of birth defects were 18.20‰, 18.00‰, 16.31‰, 16.03‰, and 16.47‰, respectively, showing a downward trend (χ2trend =8.45, P < .01); the prevalences of CMEEs were 1.19‰, 1.62‰, 1.80‰, 1.21‰, and 1.35‰, respectively, with no significant trend (χ2trend =0.09, P = .77). CMEEs were more common in males than females (1.60‰ vs 1.27‰, OR = 1.26, 95%CI: 1.12-1.41), in urban areas than in rural areas (1.77‰ vs 1.23‰, OR = 1.45, 95%CI: 1.29-1.62). The prevalences of CMEEs for maternal age < 20, 20-24, 25-29, 30-34, and ≥ 35 were 1.75‰, 1.27‰, 1.44‰, 1.47‰, and 1.58‰, respectively, with no significant difference (P > .05, reference: 25-29). Most CMEEs were diagnosed by clinical examinations (92.34%), and most CMEEs were diagnosed postpartum (within 7 days) (96.25%). In summary, we have presented the epidemiology of CMEEs in Hunan Province, China. CMEEs were more common in males than females, in urban areas than rural areas, whereas there was no significant difference in prevalence of CMEEs by maternal age. We inferred that CMEEs may be mainly related to genetics, and the mechanism needs to be examined in the future.


Assuntos
Microtia Congênita , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , China/epidemiologia , Orelha Externa , Feto , Idade Materna
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(15): e37575, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608122

RESUMO

A comprehensive understanding of physical activity levels (PAL) among Chinese pregnant women and an exploration, from a continuous care perspective, of various factors influencing these activity levels. Investigating the correlations between adverse habits, psychological factors, and PAL in prenatal health management. This study aims to provide substantial guidance for prenatal health management and personalized care, offering recommendations to healthcare professionals and policymakers to enhance the overall health and well-being of pregnant women. This study enrolled 1256 pregnant women as research subjects. Baseline information was collected through a personal information collection form. Subsequently, continuous care was provided during the early, middle, and late stages of pregnancy, documenting the respective influencing factors. Simultaneously, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was utilized to assess the PAL of pregnant women across different trimesters. Finally, using the SPSS software version 25.0, a combined approach of generalized linear mixed effects (GLME) models and multivariate logistic regression was used to statistically analyze the collected data, comprehensively exploring the influencing factors of PAL during pregnancy. The proportion of research subjects engaged in low-level physical activity decreased from 60.80% to 40.34% across various stages of pregnancy, while the proportion engaged in moderate-level physical activity ranged from 25.32% to 40.75%. Meanwhile, the proportion engaged in high-level physical activity accounted for 13.88% to 18.91%.There was P = .021 and ß = -0.276 for smoking before pregnancy. The P-value of pregnant women who smoke in the second trimester was.035, the Odds Ratio (OR) value was 0.638, and the 95% confidence interval (CI) was (0.406, 0.972). The difference was statistically significant (all P < .05). In China, the physical activity level of pregnant women is generally low, which is related to factors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, sleep disorders, and depression during pregnancy. Medical personnel should improve the living habits of pregnant women and enhance their PAL through measures such as health education and psychological counseling.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Gestantes , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Povo Asiático , China/epidemiologia , Exercício Físico
14.
Wound Manag Prev ; 70(1)2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608161

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of recombinant human epidermal growth factor (rhEGF) in healing pressure injuries (PIs). METHODS: A meta-analysis was conducted of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving rhEGF in the treatment of PIs that were identified in PubMed, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI). The population, intervention, comparison, outcomes, study design (PICOS) strategy was applied to determine analysis eligibility. The Cochrane risk of bias tool was used, and statistical analysis, including sensitivity analysis, was performed of 3 outcomes indicators: the primary outcome was total efficacy of rhEGF in treating PIs, and the secondary outcomes were the proportion of complete healing and the time to complete healing. Total efficacy refers to the proportion of cases that have been cured, obviously effective, or effective. Complete healing refers to cases where the wound has healed, scabbed, and the scab has sloughed off. RESULTS: Sixteen RCTs were included, comprising a total of 1,206 patients. Study and control group size varied by outcomes. The total effective healing rate in rhEGF group was 97.18%, which was significantly higher than 83.38% in control group (OR: 5.69, [95% CI: 3.61, 8.97], z=7.49, P < .001). The proportion of complete healing in the rhEGF group was 73.30%, which was higher than 39.52% in control group (OR: 3.88, [95% CI: 3.01, 5.01], z=10.39, P < .001). Furthermore, the healing time using rhEGF was shorter (SMD: -2.14 days, [95% CI: -2.60, -1.67], z=9.07, P < .001). Sensitivity analyses indicated that the results were robust. CONCLUSIONS: The meta-analysis indicated that rhEGF was effective in healing PIs with few negative effects. Further research beyond Chinese populations involving larger studies and studies that distinguish between results found in using rhEGF alone or in combination are recommended.


Assuntos
Lesão por Pressão , Humanos , China , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/farmacologia , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/uso terapêutico , Lesão por Pressão/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
15.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 19(1): 157, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38610052

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ABCB4 gene-related cholestatic liver diseases have a wide spectrum of clinical and genetic variations. The correlation between genotype and clinical phenotype still unclear. This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical and pathological characteristics of 23 patients with ABCB4 gene-related cholestatic liver diseases. Next-generation sequencing was used to identify the genetic causes. RESULTS: The 23 included patients (15 children and 8 adults) were diagnosed as progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 3 (PFIC3), drug-induced liver injury (DILI), cirrhosis cholestasis, cirrhosis, and mild liver fibrosis. Nineteen patients underwent liver pathological examination of the liver, exhibiting fibrosis, small bile duct hyperplasia, CK7(+), Cu(+), bile duct deletion, and cirrhosis. Thirty ABCB4 variants were identified, including 18 novel variants. CONCLUSION: ABCB4 gene-related cholestatic liver diseases have a wide spectrum of clinical and genetic variations. Biallelic ABCB4 mutation carriers tended to severe PFIC3, which mostly occurs in children; while ABCB4 non-biallelic variants can lead to milder ICP, LACP, DILI or overlapping, mostly in adults. Thus, the ABCB4 genotype has a specific correlation with the phenotype, but there are exceptions. Non-biallelic null mutations can cause severe diseases. The mechanisms underlying this genetic phenotype require further investigation.


Assuntos
Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP , Colestase Intra-Hepática , Colestase , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/deficiência , China , Colestase/genética , Colestase Intra-Hepática/genética , Cirrose Hepática , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 49(1): 40-46, 2024 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615164

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There are a variety of minimally invasive interventional treatments for trigeminal neuralgia, and the efficacy evaluation is different. The preferred treatment scheme is still controversial. This study aims to investigate the differences in treatment effects between patients with primary trigeminal neuralgia (PTN) treated with percutaneous balloon compression (PBC) for the first intervention and patients with pain recurrence after radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RT) who then received PBC for PTN, and to offer clinicians and patients more scientifically grounded and precise treatment alternatives. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 103 patients with PTN admitted to the Department of Pain Management of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from January 2020 to December 2021, including 49 patients who received PBC for the first time (PBC group) and 54 patients who received PBC for pain recurrence after RT (RT+PBC group). General information, preoperative pain score, intraoperative oval foramen morphology, oval foramen area, balloon volume, duration of compression, and postoperative pain scores and pain recurrence at each time point on day 1 (T1), day 7 (T2), day 14 (T3), 1 month (T4), 3 months (T5), and 1 year (T6) were collected and recorded for both groups. The differences in treatment effect, complications and recurrence between the 2 groups were compared, and the related influencing factors were analyzed. RESULTS: The differences of general information, preoperative pain scores, foramen ovale morphology, foramen ovale area, T1 to T3 pain scores between the 2 groups were not statistically different (all P>0.05). The balloon filling volume in the PBC group was smaller than that in the RT+PBC group, the pain scores at T4 to T6 and pain recurrence were better than those in the RT+PBC group (all P<0.05). Pain recurrence was positively correlated with pain scores of T2 to T6 (r=0.306, 0.482, 0.831, 0.876, 0.887, respectively; all P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The choice of PBC for the first intervention in PTN patients is superior to the choice of PBC after pain recurrence after RT treatment in terms of treatment outcome and pain recurrence.


Assuntos
Neuralgia do Trigêmeo , Humanos , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , China , Eletrocoagulação , Dor Pós-Operatória
17.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 49(1): 135-144, 2024 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615175

RESUMO

Advance care planning (ACP) is designed to ensure that patients lacking autonomous decision-making capacity receive medical services in accordance with their expectations and preferences. Individuals with advanced cancer are a crucial target for ACP implementation. However, the current practice of ACP in this group in China is suboptimal, demanding high-quality implementation evidence to strengthen ACP in the clinical practice of patients with advanced cancer. The existing literature can be summarized into 27 pieces of evidence across 7 dimensions, including initiation time, intervention content, intervention providers, intervention modalities, communication skills, outcome indicators, and environmental support. The aforementioned evidence could provide crucial support for improving ACP implementation for patients with advanced cancer. Subsequent research efforts should integrate patient preferences and explore the most suitable implementation strategies for ACP in the Chinese population with advanced cancer, considering diverse aspects such as traditional culture, ACP education and training, legislative support, and healthcare system refinement.


Assuntos
Planejamento Antecipado de Cuidados , Neoplasias , Humanos , Povo Asiático , China , Cognição , Neoplasias/terapia
18.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 12(4): e2441, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38618928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Auriculocondylar syndrome (ARCND) is a rare congenital craniofacial developmental malformation syndrome of the first and second pharyngeal arches with external ear malformation at the junction between the lobe and helix, micromaxillary malformation, and mandibular condylar hypoplasia. Four subtypes of ARCND have been described so far, that is, ARCND1 (OMIM # 602483), ARCND2 (ARCND2A, OMIM # 614669; ARCND2B, OMIM # 620458), ARCND3 (OMIM # 615706), and ARCND4 (OMIM # 620457). METHODS: This study reports a case of ARCND2 resulting from a novel pathogenic variant in the PLCB4 gene, and summarizes PLCB4 gene mutation sites and phenotypes of ARCND2. RESULTS: The proband, a 5-day-old male neonate, was referred to our hospital for respiratory distress. Micrognathia, microstomia, distinctive question mark ears, as well as mandibular condyle hypoplasia were identified. Trio-based whole-exome sequencing identified a novel missense variant of NM_001377142.1:c.1928C>T (NP_001364071.1:p.Ser643Phe) in the PLCB4 gene, which was predicted to impair the local structural stability with a result that the protein function might be affected. From a review of the literature, only 36 patients with PLCB4 gene mutations were retrieved. CONCLUSION: As with other studies examining familial cases of ARCND2, incomplete penetrance and variable expressivity were observed within different families' heterozygous mutations in PLCB4 gene. Although, motor and intellectual development are in the normal range in the vast majority of patients with ARCND2, long-term follow-up and assessment are still required.


Assuntos
Otopatias , Orelha , Micrognatismo , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , China , Orelha/anormalidades , Fosfolipase C beta , População do Leste Asiático
19.
Water Sci Technol ; 89(7): 1665-1681, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619896

RESUMO

By integrating the successful case of the European Union emissions trading system, this study proposes a water emissions trading system, a novel method of reducing water pollution. Assuming that upstream governments allocate initial quotas to upstream businesses as the compensation standard, this approach defines the foundational principles of market trading mechanisms and establishes a robust watershed ecological compensation model to address challenges in water pollution prevention. To be specific, the government establishes a reasonable initial quota for upstream enterprises, which can be used to limit the emissions of upstream pollution. When enterprises exceed their allocated emissions quota, they face financial penalties. Conversely, these emissions rights can be transformed into profitable assets by participating in the trading market as a form of ecological compensation. Numerical simulations demonstrate that various pollutant emissions from upstream businesses will have various effects on the profits of other businesses. Businesses in the upstream region received reimbursement from the assigned emission rights through the market mechanism, demonstrating that ecological compensation for the watershed can be achieved through the market mechanism. This novel market trading system aims at controlling emissions management from the perspectives of individual enterprises and ultimately optimizing the aquatic environment.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Rios , Poluição da Água/análise , Modelos Teóricos , China
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619977

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, and slightly halophilic alphaproteobacterium, designated strain EGI FJ00035T, was isolated from enrichment sediment samples of a saline lake in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, PR China. The taxonomic position of the isolate was determined using the polyphasic taxonomic and phylogenomic analyses. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain EGI FJ00035T formed a distinct clade with 'Chelativorans alearense' UJN715 and 'Chelativorans xinjiangense' lm93 with sequence similarities of 98.44 and 98.22 %, respectively, while sharing less than 96.7 % with other valid type strains. The novel isolate could be distinguished from other species of the genus Chelativorans by its distinct phenotypic, physiological, and genotypic characteristics. Optimal growth of strain EGI FJ00035T occurred on marine agar 2216 at pH 7.0 and 30 °C. The major respiratory quinone was Q-10, while the major fatty acids (>5 %) were C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c, summed feature 8 (C17 : 1 ω6c and/or C17 : 1 ω7c), C16 : 0, C18 : 0, and iso-C17 : 0. The detected polar lipids included diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, unidentified aminophospholipids, unidentified glycolipids, and an unidentified lipid. Based on its genome sequence, the G+C content of strain EGI FJ00035T was 63.2 mol%. The average nucleotide identity, average amino acid identity, and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values of strain EGI FJ00035T against related members of the genus Chelativorans were below the thresholds for delineation of a novel species. According our polyphasic taxonomic data, strain EGI FJ00035T represents a new species of the genus Chelativorans, for which the name Chelativorans salis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the proposed novel isolate is EGI FJ00035T (=KCTC 92251T=CGMCC 1.19480T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Phyllobacteriaceae , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Ubiquinona/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Lagos/análise , Composição de Bases , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , China , Phyllobacteriaceae/genética
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