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1.
Proc Biol Sci ; 291(2020): 20232752, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593849

RESUMO

The repeated returns of vertebrates to the marine ecosystems since the Triassic serve as an evolutionary model to understand macroevolutionary change. Here we investigate the effects of the land-to-sea transition on disparity and constraint of the vertebral column in aquatic carnivorans (Carnivora; Pinnipedia) to assess how their functional diversity and evolutionary innovations influenced major radiations of crown pinnipeds. We use three-dimensional geometric morphometrics and multivariate analysis for high-dimensional data under a phylogenetic framework to quantify vertebral size and shape in living and extinct pinnipeds. Our analysis demonstrates an important shift in vertebral column evolution by 10-12 million years ago, from an unconstrained to a constrained evolutionary scenario, a point of time that coincides with the major radiation of crown pinnipeds. Moreover, we also demonstrate that the axial skeleton of phocids and otariids followed a different path of morphological evolution that was probably driven by their specialized locomotor strategies. Despite this, we found a significant effect of habitat preference (coastal versus pelagic) on vertebral morphology of crown taxa regardless of the family they belong. In summary, our analysis provides insights into how the land-to-sea transition influenced the complex evolutionary history of pinniped vertebral morphology.


Assuntos
Caniformia , Carnívoros , Animais , Filogenia , Ecossistema , Coluna Vertebral/anatomia & histologia , Evolução Biológica
2.
Neurosurg Rev ; 47(1): 140, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578529

RESUMO

In recent years, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs), which are considered to affect the prognosis of spinal surgery, have been widely used in perioperative analgesia in spinal surgery, but the relationship between these two factors remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of perioperative use of NSAIDs on the prognosis of patients treated with spinal surgery. We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library for relevant articles published on or before July 14, 2023. We used a random-effect model for the meta-analysis to calculate the standardized mean difference (SMD) with a 95% confidence interval (CI). Sensitivity analyses were conducted to analyze stability. A total of 23 randomized clinical trials including 1457 participants met the inclusion criteria. Meta-analysis showed that NSAIDs were significantly associated with postoperative morphine use (mg) (SMD = -0.90, 95% CI -1.12 to -0.68) and postoperative pain (SMD = -0.71, 95% CI -0.85 to -0.58). These results were further confirmed by the trim-and-fill procedure and leave-one-out sensitivity analyses. The current study shows that perioperative use of NSAIDs appears to be an important factor in reducing postoperative pain and morphine use in patients undergoing spinal surgery. However, well-designed, high-quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are still required.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides , Dor Pós-Operatória , Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Derivados da Morfina/uso terapêutico , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia
5.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 74(3): 573-575, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591301

RESUMO

The rare caudal duplication syn drome is a spectrum of anomalie s primarily involving par tial or compl ete dupl ication of organ s comp risin g the gastro intest ina l, genitourinary and distal neu ral tube system s. These findings are considered to be a result of aberrant embryogenesis. We hereby report a case of an adult female with comple te duplicat ion o f the genital and ur inary systems (ureth ra and bladder), hindgut a nd lower end of vertebral col umn with no functional impairment. She presented in her first pregnancy at 36 weeks gestation, in labo ur. To the author's knowle dge this is the first case of caudal duplication syn drom e with pregnanc y fro m Pakistan.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Humanos , Adulto , Gravidez , Feminino , Bexiga Urinária , Coluna Vertebral , Paquistão
6.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 166(1): 171, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592538

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Annulus fibrosus-endplate (AF-EP) junction lesions are important determinants for lumbar disc herniation (LDH). Utilizing biportal endoscopic spinal surgery (BESS), we introduce a novel repair method using bioabsorbable PushLock anchors with suture fibers to stretch disconnected AF tissues to the vertebral cortex. METHODS: The viewing and working portals are established to excise herniated disc materials causing radiculopathy. Through the working portal, a suture strand is passed through the intact AF tissue near the lesion and retrieved using the Suture Crossing Device. Then, the knotless suture limbs are secured into the cortical bone socket of the vertebral body with a PushLock anchor. CONCLUSION: The procedure is a simple, safe, and feasible knotless suturing technique for the treatment of LDH with AF-EP junction lesions.


Assuntos
Lesões Acidentais , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Humanos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Endoscopia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Coluna Vertebral
7.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 263, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with idiopathic scoliosis commonly present with an imbalance of the paraspinal muscles. However, it is unclear whether this muscle imbalance is an underlying cause or a result of idiopathic scoliosis. This study aimed to investigate the role of paraspinal muscles in the development of idiopathic scoliosis based on surface electromyography (sEMG) and radiographic analyses. METHODS: This was a single-center prospective study of 27 patients with single-curve idiopathic scoliosis. Posteroanterior whole-spine radiographs and sEMG activity of the erector spinae muscles were obtained for all patients in the habitual standing position (HSP), relaxed prone position (RPP), and prone extension position (PEP). The Cobb angle, symmetrical index (SI) of the sEMG activity (convex/concave), and correlation between the two factors were analyzed. RESULTS: In the total cohort, the mean Cobb angle in the HSP was significantly greater than the mean Cobb angle in the RPP (RPP-Cobb) (p < 0.001), whereas the mean Cobb angle in the PEP (PEP-Cobb) did not differ from the RPP-Cobb. Thirteen patients had a PEP-Cobb that was significantly smaller than their RPP-Cobb (p = 0.007), while 14 patients had a PEP-Cobb that was significantly larger than their RPP-Cobb (p < 0.001). In the total cohort and two subgroups, the SI of sEMG activity at the apex vertebra (AVSI) in the PEP was significantly greater than 1, revealing significant asymmetry, and was also significantly larger than the AVSI in the RPP. In the RPP, the AVSI was close to 1 in the total cohort and two subgroups, revealing no significant asymmetry. CONCLUSION: The coronal Cobb angle and the SI of paraspinal muscle activity in AIS patients vary with posture changes. Asymmetrical sEMG activity of the paraspinal muscles may be not an inherent feature of AIS patients, but is evident in the challenging tasks. The potential significance of asymmetric paraspinal muscle activity need to be explored in further research.


Assuntos
Cifose , Escoliose , Humanos , Adolescente , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Eletromiografia , Músculos Paraespinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Coluna Vertebral
8.
Wiad Lek ; 77(2): 358-362, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593002

RESUMO

Bone metastases from liver cancer are rare. We report two cases of bone metastases revealing HBV-induced HCC. A 26-year-old african man presented with 4 months of low back pain in the context of general deterioration. Examination revealed a lumbar spinal syndrome and hepatomegaly. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a multinodular liver, and a CT scan of the spine revealed osteolytic lesions. Biological tests revealed a hepatic cytolysis syndrome, hepatic cholestasis and hepatocellular insufficiency. Alpha foetoprotein levels were elevated and hepatitis B serology was positive. We adopted the diagnosis of HCC of viral B origin with bone metastasis. The second case involved a 44-year-old African man admitted for 10 days with back pain. Examination revealed a spinal syndrome, paraplegia and hepatomegaly. A thoracic-abdominal-pelvic CT scan revealed typical HCC lesions and osteolytic lesions on the ribs, pelvis and vertebrae. The biology revealed a biological inflammatory syndrome, hepatic cytolysis, a hepatocellular insufficiency syndrome and a cholestasis syndrome. Alfa-feto proteins were elevated and HBV serology was positive. The diagnosis of bone metastasis of HCC secondary to HBV infection was accepted.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Colestase , Hepatite B , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Hepatomegalia/complicações , Hepatite B/complicações , Coluna Vertebral/patologia , Colestase/complicações
9.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 48(2): 126-131, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605609

RESUMO

A deep learning-based model for automatic diagnosis and classification of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis has been constructed. This model mainly included key points detection and Cobb angle measurement. 748 full-length standing spinal X-ray images were retrospectively collected, of which 602 images were used to train and validate the model, and 146 images were used to test the model performance. The results showed that the model had good diagnostic and classification performance, with an accuracy of 94.5%. Compared with experts' measurement, 94.9% of its Cobb angle measurement results were within the clinically acceptable range. The average absolute difference was 2.1°, and the consistency was also excellent (r2≥0.9552, P<0.001). In the future, this model could be applied clinically to improve doctors' diagnostic efficiency.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Escoliose , Adolescente , Humanos , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Coluna Vertebral , Radiografia
10.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1370838, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606087

RESUMO

Purpose: To develop and validate a deep learning radiomics (DLR) model that uses X-ray images to predict the classification of osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVFs). Material and methods: The study encompassed a cohort of 942 patients, involving examinations of 1076 vertebrae through X-ray, CT, and MRI across three distinct hospitals. The OVFs were categorized as class 0, 1, or 2 based on the Assessment System of Thoracolumbar Osteoporotic Fracture. The dataset was divided randomly into four distinct subsets: a training set comprising 712 samples, an internal validation set with 178 samples, an external validation set containing 111 samples, and a prospective validation set consisting of 75 samples. The ResNet-50 architectural model was used to implement deep transfer learning (DTL), undergoing -pre-training separately on the RadImageNet and ImageNet datasets. Features from DTL and radiomics were extracted and integrated using X-ray images. The optimal fusion feature model was identified through least absolute shrinkage and selection operator logistic regression. Evaluation of the predictive capabilities for OVFs classification involved eight machine learning models, assessed through receiver operating characteristic curves employing the "One-vs-Rest" strategy. The Delong test was applied to compare the predictive performance of the superior RadImageNet model against the ImageNet model. Results: Following pre-training separately on RadImageNet and ImageNet datasets, feature selection and fusion yielded 17 and 12 fusion features, respectively. Logistic regression emerged as the optimal machine learning algorithm for both DLR models. Across the training set, internal validation set, external validation set, and prospective validation set, the macro-average Area Under the Curve (AUC) based on the RadImageNet dataset surpassed those based on the ImageNet dataset, with statistically significant differences observed (P<0.05). Utilizing the binary "One-vs-Rest" strategy, the model based on the RadImageNet dataset demonstrated superior efficacy in predicting Class 0, achieving an AUC of 0.969 and accuracy of 0.863. Predicting Class 1 yielded an AUC of 0.945 and accuracy of 0.875, while for Class 2, the AUC and accuracy were 0.809 and 0.692, respectively. Conclusion: The DLR model, based on the RadImageNet dataset, outperformed the ImageNet model in predicting the classification of OVFs, with generalizability confirmed in the prospective validation set.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , 60570 , Raios X , Coluna Vertebral , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem
11.
IEEE J Transl Eng Health Med ; 12: 401-412, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606393

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is a prevalent chronic disease worldwide, particularly affecting the aging population. The gold standard diagnostic tool for osteoporosis is Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA). However, the expensive cost of the DXA machine and the need for skilled professionals to operate it restrict its accessibility to the general public. This paper builds upon previous research and proposes a novel approach for rapidly screening bone density. The method involves utilizing near-infrared light to capture local body information within the human body. Deep learning techniques are employed to analyze the obtained data and extract meaningful insights related to bone density. Our initial prediction, utilizing multi-linear regression, demonstrated a strong correlation (r = 0.98, p-value = 0.003**) with the measured Bone Mineral Density (BMD) obtained from Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA). This indicates a highly significant relationship between the predicted values and the actual BMD measurements. A deep learning-based algorithm is applied to analyze the underlying information further to predict bone density at the wrist, hip, and spine. The prediction of bone densities in the hip and spine holds significant importance due to their status as gold-standard sites for assessing an individual's bone density. Our prediction rate had an error margin below 10% for the wrist and below 20% for the hip and spine bone density.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Osteoporose , Humanos , Idoso , Osteoporose/diagnóstico , Osso e Ossos , Absorciometria de Fóton/métodos , Coluna Vertebral
12.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 285, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609902

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of bone cement on the vertebral body and biomechanical properties in percutaneous cement discoplasty (PCD) for degenerative lumbar disc disease. METHODS: Three-dimensional reconstruction of L2 ~ L3 vertebral bodies was performed in a healthy volunteer, and the corresponding finite element model of the spine was established. Biomechanical analysis was performed on the changes in stress distribution in different groups of models by applying quantitative loads. RESULTS: Models with percutaneous discoplasty (PCD) showed improved stability under various stress conditions, and intervertebral foraminal heights were superior to models without discoplasty. CONCLUSION: Cement discoplasty can improve the stability of the vertebral body to a certain extent and restore a certain height of the intervertebral foramen, which has a good development prospect and potential.


Assuntos
Escoliose , Humanos , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Escoliose/cirurgia , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Cimentos Ósseos/uso terapêutico , Coluna Vertebral , Voluntários Saudáveis
13.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 234, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38610023

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Contiguous two-segment cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) is safe and effective, while post-operative radiographic change is poorly understood. We aimed to clarify the morphological change of the three vertebral bodies operated on. METHODS: Patients admitted between 2015 and 2020 underwent contiguous two-level Prestige LP CDA were included. The follow-up was divided into immediate post-operation (≤ 1 week), early (≤ 6 months), and last follow-up (≥ 12 months). Clinical outcomes were measured by Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score, visual analogue score (VAS), and neck disability index (NDI). Radiographic parameters on lateral radiographs included sagittal area, anterior-posterior diameters (superior, inferior endplate length, and waist length), and anterior and posterior heights. Sagittal parameters included disc angle, Cobb angle, range of motion, T1 slope, and C2-C7 sagittal vertical axis. Heterotopic ossification (HO) and anterior bone loss (ABL) were recorded. RESULTS: 78 patients were included. Clinical outcomes significantly improved. Of the three operation-related vertebrae, only middle vertebra decreased significantly in sagittal area at early follow-up. The four endplates that directly meet implants experienced significant early loss in length. Sagittal parameters were kept within an acceptable range. Both segments had a higher class of HO at last follow-up. More ABL happened to middle vertebra. The incidence and degree of ABL were higher for the endplates on middle vertebra only at early follow-up. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicated that after contiguous two-segment CDA, middle vertebra had a distinguishing morphological changing pattern that could be due to ABL, which deserves careful consideration before and during surgery.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas , Ortopedia , Humanos , Artroplastia/efeitos adversos , Coluna Vertebral , Corpo Vertebral
14.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 238, 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615068

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to assess the effectiveness of the simplified S1 vertebral bone quality (VBQ) score in predicting the incidence of proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) after surgery for degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS). METHODS: We reviewed 122 patients with DLS who underwent posterior lumbar decompression and long-segment fusion surgery in our hospital from January 2016 to December 2020. The patients were classified into PJK group and non-PJK group. S1 VBQ scores are determined by signal intensity measurements taken from the mid-sagittal plane of T1-weighted non-contrast MRI. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with PJK. Receiver-operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis was used to evaluate the value of S1 VBQ score in predicting pedicle PJK after DLS. RESULTS: 122 DLS patients (90 females and 32 males) met the inclusion criteria. In addition, 27 patients (22.13%) had PJK at the time of last follow-up. VBQ was higher in PJK patients than non-PJK patients (3.58 ± 0.67 vs. 3.08 ± 0.54, p < 0.001). Preoperatively, patients in the PJK group had a greater TLK than those in the non-PJK group (20.00 ± 6.22 vs. 16.86 ± 5.38, p = 0.011). After surgery, patients in the PJK group had greater TLK (p < 0.001) and PJA (p < 0.001) compared with the non-PJK group. At final FU, patients in the PJK group had greater TK (p = 0.002), TLK (p < 0.001), SVA (p < 0.001), and PJA (p < 0.001) than patients in the non-PJK group (Table 4). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, higher VBQ score (OR 4.565, 95% CI 1.43-14.568, p = 0.010), advanced age (OR 1.119, 95% CI 1.021-1.227, p = 0.016), and larger TLK (OR 1.191, 95% CI 1.041-1.362, p = 0.011) were significant predictors of postoperative PJK in patients with DLS (Table 6). A statistically significant positive correlation existed between VBQ score and PJA change (r = 0.370, p < 0.001). We created ROC curves for VBQ scores as predictors of PJK with a diagnostic accuracy of 72.1% (95% CI 60.15-82.9%.The ideal limit for the VBQ score was 3.205 (sensitivity: 77.8%, specificity: 81.4%). CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to evaluate the effectiveness of the S1 VBQ score in predicting postoperative PJK in DLS. Our study included major risk factors and found that S1 VBQ score was a significant predictor of PJK in patients undergoing DLS surgery. The higher the S1 VBQ score, the higher the probability of PJK.


Assuntos
Cifose , Escoliose , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Escoliose/cirurgia , Coluna Vertebral , Cifose/diagnóstico por imagem , Cifose/etiologia , Cifose/cirurgia , Hospitais , Região Lombossacral
15.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 10(4): 2398-2413, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477550

RESUMO

In vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty, bioinert poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) bone cement is a conventional filler employed for quick stabilization of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). However, because of the poor osteointegration, excessive stiffness, and high curing temperature of PMMA, the implant loosens, the adjacent vertebrae refracture, and thermal necrosis of the surrounding tissue occurs frequently. This investigation addressed these issues by incorporating the small intestinal submucosa (SIS) into PMMA (SIS-PMMA). In vitro analyses revealed that this new SIS-PMMA bone cement had improved porous structure, as well as reduced compressive modulus and polymerization temperature compared with the original PMMA. Furthermore, the handling properties of SIS-PMMA bone cement were not significantly different from PMMA. The in vitro effect of PMMA and SIS-PMMA was investigated on MC3T3-E1 cells via the Transwell insert model to mimic the clinical condition or directly by culturing cells on the bone cement samples. The results indicated that SIS addition substantially enhanced the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells. Additionally, the bone cement's biomechanical properties were also assessed in a decalcified goat vertebrae model with a compression fracture, which indicated the SIS-PMMA had markedly increased compressive strength than PMMA. Furthermore, it was proved that the novel bone cement had good biosafety and efficacy based on the International Standards and guidelines. After 12 weeks of implantation, SIS-PMMA indicated significantly more osteointegration and new bone formation ability than PMMA. In addition, vertebral bodies with cement were also extracted for the uniaxial compression test, and it was revealed that compared with the PMMA-implanted vertebrae, the SIS-PMMA-implanted vertebrae had greatly enhanced maximum strength. Overall, these findings indicate the potential of SIS to induce efficient fixation between the modified cement surface and the host bone, thereby providing evidence that the SIS-PMMA bone cement is a promising filler for clinical vertebral augmentation.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Cimentos Ósseos/farmacologia , Cimentos Ósseos/química , Polimetil Metacrilato/farmacologia , Polimetil Metacrilato/química , Osteogênese , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Coluna Vertebral
16.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 109: 134-146, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508290

RESUMO

Accurate and efficient segmenting of vertebral bodies, muscles, and discs is crucial for analyzing various spinal diseases. However, traditional methods are either laborious and time-consuming (manual segmentation) or require extensive training data (fully automatic segmentation). FastCleverSeg, our proposed semi-automatic segmentation approach, addresses those limitations by significantly reducing user interaction while maintaining high accuracy. First, we reduce user interaction by requiring the manual annotation of only two or three slices. Next, we automatically Estimate the Annotation on Intermediary Slices (EANIS) using traditional computer vision/graphics concepts. Finally, our proposed method leverages improved voxel weight balancing to achieve fast and precise volumetric segmentation in the segmentation process. Experimental evaluations on our assembled diverse MRI databases comprising 179 patients (60 male, 119 female), demonstrate a remarkable 25 ms (30 ms standard deviation) processing time and a significant reduction in user interaction compared to existing approaches. Importantly, FastCleverSeg maintains or surpasses the segmentation quality of competing methods, achieving a Dice score of 94%. This invaluable tool empowers physicians to efficiently generate reliable ground truths, expediting the segmentation process and paving the way for future integration with deep learning approaches. In turn, this opens exciting possibilities for future fully automated spine segmentation.


Assuntos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Bases de Dados Factuais
17.
Vestn Otorinolaringol ; 89(1): 45-51, 2024.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38506026

RESUMO

Intraosseous vascular pathology of the turbinates is extremely rare in the practice of an otorhinolaryngologist and can be presented in various histopathological variants. The article presents two clinical cases in which an intraosseous cavernous hemangioma was hidden under the mask of a hypertrophied middle turbinate. The final diagnosis was established by the results of histological examination. The analysis of these clinical cases indicates that, despite the low prevalence, atypical clinical and CT picture, intraosseous formations of the nasal cavity can be of a vascular nature and certainly require a comprehensive examination, including CT, CT with contrast and/or MRI of the nose and paranasal sinuses. These clinical observations indicate that preliminary embolization of feeding vessels before surgical treatment is not required.


Assuntos
Hemangioma Cavernoso , Crânio/anormalidades , Coluna Vertebral/anormalidades , Conchas Nasais , Malformações Vasculares , Humanos , Conchas Nasais/diagnóstico por imagem , Conchas Nasais/cirurgia , Conchas Nasais/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Hemangioma Cavernoso/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemangioma Cavernoso/cirurgia , Cavidade Nasal/cirurgia
18.
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg ; 144(4): 1821-1833, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472450

RESUMO

The hip-spine relationship is a critical consideration in total hip arthroplasty (THA) procedures. While THA is generally successful in patient, complications such as instability and dislocation can arise. These issues are significantly influenced by the alignment of implant components and the overall balance of the spine and pelvis, known as spinopelvic balance. Patients with alteration of those parameters, in particular rigid spines, often due to fusion surgery, face a higher risk of THA complications, with an emphasis on complications in instability, impingement and dislocation. For these reasons, over the years, computer modelling and simulation techniques have been developed to support clinicians in the different steps of surgery. The aim of the current review is to present current knowledge on hip-spine relationship to serve as a common platform of discussion among clinicians and engineers. The offered overview aims to update the reader on the main critical aspects of the issue, from both a theoretical and practical perspective, and to be a valuable introductory tool for those approaching this problem for the first time.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Luxações Articulares , Humanos , Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Luxações Articulares/cirurgia , Pelve/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
J Biomech ; 166: 112053, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38513400

RESUMO

Using a smartphone often involves a sustained head-forward tilt posture, which may deteriorate the mechanism of muscle reaction efficiency or reduce the stiffness of connective tissues of the cervical spine. These changes in muscular and connective tissues can impair cervical spine stability and contribute to developing neck pain symptoms. In this experiment, change in the cervical spine stability associated with a sustained smartphone use posture was evaluated by quantifying the effective stiffness and the reflexive responses of the head to sudden perturbations. Seventeen young smartphone users maintained their heads tilted forward approximately 30° for 30 min while watching videos on their smartphones in sitting. Data show that the measures of cervical spine stability did not change significantly after the smartphone use task despite developing mild to moderate neck and upper body discomfort symptoms. Study findings imply that keeping the head tilt posture for 30 min for smartphone use did not significantly alter spinal stability, rejecting its association with neck discomfort.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais , Smartphone , Humanos , Vértebras Cervicais/fisiologia , Pescoço/fisiologia , Coluna Vertebral/fisiologia , Cervicalgia , Postura/fisiologia
20.
Georgian Med News ; (346): 156-159, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38501642

RESUMO

Spinal Tuberculosis ranks as one of the most common extrapulmonary varieties of tuberculosis. The study outlines the Extended Posterior Circumferential Decompression (EPCD) procedure for managing tuberculous spondylitis, a prevalent extrapulmonary form of tuberculosis. EPCD involves 360-degree dural decompression, anterior column debridement, and reconstruction following posterior instrumentation. This technique addresses both the infection and associated complications, particularly beneficial in cases with or without paraplegia. EPCD aims to improve outcomes by effectively tackling the pathology and restoring spinal stability. Purpose - to evaluate the functional and radiological outcome following Extended Posterior Circumferential Decompression in the tuberculosis of dorsal spine. A total of 10 patients were included after fulfilling inclusion criteria between July 2019 to December 2021, all patient underwent Extended Posterior Circumferential Decompression. All patients assessed using Visual analog scale (VAS), Medical Research council (MRC) grading, Frankel grading, Kyphus angle, Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), X-rays preoperative, immediate postoperative period and 9 month follow up. All patients were available for follow up, in this study mean age was 55.7±17.91. Out of 10 patients 60% were female, 40% was male. VAS, MRC grading, Frankel, ESR values, Kyphus angle showed better results in terms of functional and radiological outcome at 9 month follow up compared to preoperative values. The Employed Posterior Costotransversectomy Decortication (EPCD) technique grants ample ingress to both the lateral and anterior domains of the spinal cord, ensuring an equally efficacious decompression. This approach, characterized by its diminished morbidity, steers clear of the entanglements linked with thoracotomy and laparotomy. Moreover, it fosters prompt mobilization, thereby forestalling the adversities entailed by protracted immobility. With its capability for favorable kyphosis correction, adept surgical decompression, and enhanced functional outcomes, it stands as a beacon of surgical finesse.


Assuntos
Coluna Vertebral , Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Vértebras Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia
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