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1.
Turkiye Parazitol Derg ; 46(3): 213-218, 2022 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36094123

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to identify the larval form of Eustrongylides sp. isolated from the visceral organs of Channa punctata (Bloch, 1793) using morphological and molecular methods. Methods: Fishes were collected from fish farms in Nadia and North 24 Paraganas for the collection of nematodes. The visceral organs were dissected and kept in 0.67% normal saline. Nematodes collected from the abdominal regions and visceral organs for light microscopy study were fixed in 70% ethanol. Morphological features were studied by placing the nematodes in lactophenol. The specimens were later preserved in 70% ethanol containing 5% glycerine. Specimens processed for scanning electron microscopy were fixed in 2.5% glutaraldehyde and postfixed in 1% osmium tetraoxide. Proper identification was done by using standard methology. Molecular studies were performed for the 18S rRNA, ITS1, 5.8S rRNA, ITS2 and 28S rRNA gene fragments using polymerase chain reaction amplification, sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. Results: The morphological characteristics of nematodes were described with the help of light and scanning electron microscopy. Additional features not described earlier like dimensions and shape of the cephalic papillae, absence of somatic papillae, presence of caudal papillae, were identified for the first time. Moreover, molecular studies with ITS regions further confirmed the identification of the nematode. Conclusion: Thus the use of morphotaxonomy along with molecular techniques would help in proper identification of Eustrongylides sp infecting edible fish. Studies on the nematode would help toexplore the intermediate as well as paratenic hosts of the parasite. Data in this regard would contribute significantly to the fish database in regard to parasites infesting edible fishes.


Assuntos
Dioctophymatoidea , Nematoides , Animais , Dioctophymatoidea/anatomia & histologia , Peixes , Larva/anatomia & histologia , Filogenia
2.
J Parasitol ; 108(2): 180-191, 2022 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35377438

RESUMO

Dioctophyme renale has a worldwide distribution and has been diagnosed in several wild and domestic animals as well as in humans. As numerous reports in the literature exist concerning the presence of D. renale in different animal species, as well as its diagnosis, treatment, and confirmation in new geographic areas, we reviewed existing information to contribute to the knowledge of the etiology, biology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of D. renale. Results of dioctophymosis may range from asymptomatic infection to even death of the host. Diagnosis is based on data from morphology, imaging, and antibody testing, with surgical treatment being the most effective. A high potential for infection of pets exists when there is overlap with wild parasitized animals; given common risk factors for infections in humans, D. renale should be considered as having zoonotic potential.


Assuntos
Dioctophymatoidea , Infecções por Enoplida , Animais , Animais Domésticos , Biologia , Infecções por Enoplida/diagnóstico , Infecções por Enoplida/epidemiologia , Infecções por Enoplida/terapia , Fatores de Risco
3.
J Parasitol ; 108(2): 209-216, 2022 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35435986

RESUMO

The genus Eustrongylides includes zoonotic nematodes that infect fish species and fish-eating birds of freshwater ecosystems. This study aimed to evaluate the occurrence of Eustrongylides in the paratenic host Perca fluviatilis (European perch) and in the definitive host, Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis (great cormorant), in Lake Annone, a shallow eutrophic lake located in the pre-mountainous area of the Alps in northwest Italy where wintering cormorants coexist with new breeding colonies. A total of 114 European perch and 48 cormorants were examined for the occurrence of Eustrongylides. All parasites collected were identified with microscopic examination and molecular analysis. Overall, 11 specimens of European perch (9.6%) and 13 individuals of cormorants (27%) harbored nematodes identified as fourth-stage larvae and adults of Eustrongylides excisus. The observed prevalence of Eustrongylides spp. appears to be intermediate between the higher values in cormorant breeding areas in northern Europe and the lower prevalence observed in their wintering sites in southernmost Europe. Considering the eutrophication status of freshwater ecosystems and the increasing population of the cormorants, Eustrongylides has an increasing potential range of dispersion in Europe, including Italy; thus an extensive surveillance should be carried out, especially given the zoonotic potential of this nematode.


Assuntos
Dioctophymatoidea , Helmintos , Nematoides , Percas , Animais , Aves/parasitologia , Ecossistema , Lagos , Percas/parasitologia
4.
J Parasitol ; 108(2): 127-131, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35312004

RESUMO

In this article, we present 2 case reports of puppies less than 4 mo of age at the time of infection with the nematode known as giant red kidney worm (Diotophyma renale). The first puppy was prepared for an ovariohysterectomy that evolved into an exploratory laparotomy. An inflamed omentum was observed, and D. renale infection was suspected due to the puppies' place of origin. The algorithm developed by the Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals for the diagnosis and treatment of D. renale infections in dogs was followed. Both puppies had a history of origin from northern Manitoba, Canada. Due to the puppies' ages, the authors suspect that the transmission of infection for both puppies could be transmammary, transplacental, or ingestion of paratenic hosts or that these cases challenge what is thought to be the current prepatent period. In addition, D. renale infections in dogs, especially from northern communities, could be common.


Assuntos
Dioctophymatoidea , Doenças do Cão , Infecções por Enoplida , Nematoides , Animais , Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico , Cães , Infecções por Enoplida/diagnóstico , Infecções por Enoplida/epidemiologia , Infecções por Enoplida/veterinária , Rim , Ontário
6.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 31(1): e016821, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35195185

RESUMO

This study aimed to verify the occurrence of Dioctophyme renale in stray dogs in the city of Pelotas, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The Laboratório Regional de Diagnóstico of the Universidade Federal de Pelotas received 146 wandering dogs for necropsy, sent by the City Hall of Pelotas from March 2012 to January 2020. Among the necropsied animals, seventeen dogs (11.64%) were diagnosed with dioctophymosis. Among these dogs, 11 were parasitized with one specimen in the right kidney, two dogs presented two specimens in the right kidney, and in other two dogs, the parasites were in the abdominal cavity. In one dog, two parasites were found in the left kidney; in another dog, both kidneys were parasitized, with two parasites in the right kidney and one in the left kidney. The data obtained in this study showed that the occurrence of D. renale in stray dogs in the city of Pelotas is high, and D. renale mainly parasitizes the right kidney.


Assuntos
Dioctophymatoidea , Doenças do Cão , Infecções por Enoplida , Animais , Animais Selvagens , Brasil/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico , Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cão/parasitologia , Cães , Infecções por Enoplida/epidemiologia , Infecções por Enoplida/veterinária , Rim/parasitologia
7.
Vet Parasitol ; 303: 109674, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35158126

RESUMO

The nematode Dioctophyme renale affects mainly the right kidney of domestic and wild mammals, in addition to having zoonotic potential. Therefore, this study aimed to produce excretion and secretion antigens of adult D. renale (DES) to diagnose canine dioctophimosis. To obtain the excretion and secretion antigens (DES), five D. renale adults were maintained for three weeks in supplemented RPMI medium with weekly supernatant collections. After the DES concentration, 2200 mL of the collected supernatant was used, which was centrifuged, followed by two filtrations and dialyzed, resulting in 12.5 mL of DES with a protein concentration of 0.59 mg/mL. The polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) of the DES antigen showed fractions with molecular weights ranging from 30 to 250 Kda. In the indirect ELISA with the DES antigen, the mean absorbance of the positive sera (38) was 0.839 ± 0.267, and the mean of the negative control sera (7) was 0.208 ± 0.083; the specificity and sensitivity of the ELISA were 100 and 97.4 %, respectively, being as effective as the surgical method in the presence of viable parasites. Thus, for the first time, this study describes the production of excretion and secretion antigens of adult D. renale and standardizes an indirect ELISA to diagnose dioctophimosis.


Assuntos
Dioctophymatoidea , Doenças do Cão , Infecções por Enoplida , Nematoides , Animais , Antígenos de Helmintos , Doenças do Cão/parasitologia , Cães , Infecções por Enoplida/parasitologia , Infecções por Enoplida/veterinária , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/veterinária , Testes Imunológicos/veterinária
8.
Acta sci. vet. (Online) ; 50(suppl.1): Pub. 735, 9 jan. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Português | VETINDEX | ID: vti-32744

RESUMO

Background: Dioctophymosis is caused by Dioctophyma renale, a parasite known as the giant kidney worm, that canparasitize the kidneys of domestic and wild animals. There are also reports of its occurrence in humans, thus revealing itszoonotic potential. In most cases, parasitized animals are asymptomatic. This parasite can cause atrophy or destroy therenal parenchyma, although ectopic locations may occur. The diagnosis is made through ultrasonography, based on thepresence of eggs in the urine, visualization of the parasite, or during necropsy. Therefore, the aim of this work was to reportthe case of a young dog infected with D. renale and subjected to nephrectomy in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.Case: A 6-month-old bitch with a clinical suspicion of hydronephrosis in the right kidney was referred to the VeterinaryHospital of Anhanguera-Uniderp University in the city of Campo Grande, MS. A physical examination of the patientrevealed an alteration in the urinary system. An abdominal ultrasound, urinalysis, complete blood count (CBC) tests andbiochemical profile were ordered. The erythrogram indicated erythrocytosis resulting from dehydration and loss of bodyfluids, while enzyme levels (creatinine, urea, alanine aminotransferase [ALT] and albumin) were within normal limits.The abdominal ultrasound showed the presence of a cylindrical and rounded structure characteristic of a nematode and inthe right kidney, and loss of renal parenchyma typical of D. renale infection. A urinalysis then revealed the presence ofhelminth eggs, confirming the diagnosis. The owner was informed about the need for nephrectomy of the affected rightkidney, which showed destruction of the renal parenchyma. One adult female and one adult male parasite were removedfrom inside the kidney, measuring approximately 50 cm and 35 cm in length. The patient was successfully treated, keptin hospital for observation, and returned two weeks later for reassessment of her...(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Nefrectomia/veterinária , Infecções por Enoplida/cirurgia , Infecções por Enoplida/veterinária , Dioctophymatoidea , Hidronefrose/veterinária , Nematoides , Helmintos , Brasil
9.
Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports ; 27: 100657, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35012714

RESUMO

An adult female Leopardus pardalis from Jardín Botánico y Zoológico de Asunción, Paraguay was brought in from the wild, and inspected for a parasitic structure attached to the vulva. The parasite was removed and was identified as a Dioctophyme renale female. Blood samples and ultrasound did not show abnormalities in any organ, confirming the ectopic presentation of the parasite. This is the first report of D. renale in the L. pardalis and a first time for ectopic location in vagina and spontaneous elimination in a felid.


Assuntos
Carnívoros , Dioctophymatoidea , Infecções por Enoplida , Felidae , Animais , Infecções por Enoplida/parasitologia , Infecções por Enoplida/veterinária , Feminino , Paraguai/epidemiologia
12.
Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports ; 25: 100604, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474797

RESUMO

This is the first scientific report of the ectopic occurrence of Dioctophyma renale in subcutaneous tissue of a domestic dog's paw from Bolivia. An 18-month-old male dog (Pug) from Bolivia (San Matías) was examined on September 15, 2020 presenting limited mobility and apparent swelling in the left pelvic limb. After clinic evaluation, left foot edema was observed from tibio-tarsal to metatarsophalangeal joints which was more pronounced on the dorsolateral face. An incision at the site revealed serosanguinous exudation associated with a wide reddish nematode, which was identified as a female Dioctophyma renale. Epidemiological considerations were highlighted as this disease has zoonotic potential, and the infected dog was kept in a yard to which amphibians (Anura) and reptiles had access. Moreover, there is a lack of information on its occurrence in San Matías, a border city with Brazil.


Assuntos
Dioctophymatoidea , Doenças do Cão , Infecções por Enoplida , Nematoides , Animais , Bolívia/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico , Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cão/cirurgia , Cães , Infecções por Enoplida/diagnóstico , Infecções por Enoplida/epidemiologia , Infecções por Enoplida/veterinária , Feminino , Masculino
13.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1306: 129-142, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33959911

RESUMO

Dioctophyme renale, the giant kidney worm, is a renal nematode from domestic and wild mammals that has zoonotic potential. In humans, dioctophimosis has been reported in several countries, mainly on the Asian continent, totaling more than 40 cases, which describe the parasite mainly infecting the kidneys, bladder, urethra and skin. Infection in animals and humans is related to the ingestion of the infective larva (L3) present in the aquatic oligochaete annelid (mandatory intermediate host) or fish and anurans (facultative paratenic hosts). Thus, the infection is related to the habit of drinking water contaminated with the mandatory intermediate host, as well as raw or undercooked meat from the facultative paratenic hosts. Dioctophimosis destroys the renal parenchyma and, in some cases, can cause the death of its hosts. In this chapter, we discuss the main topics regarding dioctophimosis in humans, domestic and wild animals, highlighting its importance in public health.


Assuntos
Dioctophymatoidea , Nematoides , Parasitos , Animais , Humanos , Saúde Pública , Zoonoses/epidemiologia
14.
Parasitol Res ; 120(6): 2269-2274, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002260

RESUMO

The genus Eustrongylides Jägerskiöld, 1909 includes parasitic nematodes (Dioctophymatidae) affecting various fish species and piscivorous birds of freshwater ecosystems. Currently, there is little information on the molecular characterization of E. excisus based on nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) rDNA regions. However, before the present study, there had been no reports of characterizing the E. excisus using nuclear small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) and mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) genes sequences. In the present study, Eustrongylides spp. larvae were collected from pike-perch Sander lucioperca (L.) in Northern Turkey, and characterized by sequencing of ITS regions, SSU rRNA, and COI markers. Larvae herein morphologically identified as the fourth stage of Eustrongylides spp. were genetically identified as E. excisus based on the ITS sequence analysis. This study is the first record of SSU rRNA and COI sequences for E. excisus in GenBank. This is also a molecular characterization of E. excisus for the first time in Turkey. The ITS, SSU rRNA, and COI sequences of E. excisus can be used to establish the phylogenetic relationships of Eustrongylides species from Turkey and worldwide for further studies.


Assuntos
Dioctophymatoidea/genética , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Percas/parasitologia , Animais , DNA Ribossômico , Dioctophymatoidea/anatomia & histologia , Dioctophymatoidea/classificação , Ecossistema , Feminino , Água Doce , Larva/classificação , Masculino , Filogenia , Turquia
15.
Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports ; 24: 100568, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024384

RESUMO

Dioctophyme renale, is the largest of parasitic nematodes, which infects different species of fish-eating carnivores worldwide. The northern provinces of Iran (Guilan and Mazandaran) located in south of the Caspian Sea are suitable for parasitic infections due to the mild and humid climatic conditions. From separate surveys of road-killed canids in various parts of the Caspian Sea littoral area in Iran, 70 carcasses were collected along the roads of Guilan and Mazandaran from 2015 to 2017. Dioctophyme renale detected by direct observation and molecular methods based on Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (COX1 gene) sequencing analysis. Molecular investigation was also performed to validate prevalence and reduce false negative concerns. Dioctophyme renale was found in eight of 70 carnivores, mostly in the right kidneys, as well as two cases in the abdominal cavity of a dog and a golden jackal. More carcasses on the roads were seen with lacerated internal organs. Given the frequent number of giant kidney worms in canids in the region, the transmission of this zoonotic helminth to humans seems possible, since the area is a tourism hub in the country. The infection burden of this helminth should be investigated using DNA analysis of kidney tissue of road-killed carnivores in Iran.


Assuntos
Dioctophymatoidea , Doenças do Cão , Infecções por Enoplida , Animais , Doenças do Cão/parasitologia , Cães , Infecções por Enoplida/veterinária , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Rim/parasitologia , Saúde Pública
16.
Parasitol Int ; 83: 102359, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33878480

RESUMO

A case of abdominal dioctophymosis in a domestic cat was found in San Juan Bautista district, the Peruvian rainforest, in the Loreto department of Peru. The pet went to a veterinary clinic for a routine ovariohysterectomy during which a large nematode was found in the abdominal cavity. The nematode was morphologically identified as an adult female of Dioctophyme sp. A few morphological parameters, such as the vagina distance from the anterior part and the egg size, were different than D. renale. Partial sequences of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (cox1) and the small subunit 18S ribosomal RNA genes were compared with the references from public sequence database and showed a genetic identifies of 89.25% and 99.65% with D. renale, respectively. This is the first mitochondrial molecular analysis of a Dioctophyme specimen from South America and the results showed up to 12.5% nucleotide sequence variation in cox 1 gene of D. renale.


Assuntos
Doenças do Gato/parasitologia , Dioctophymatoidea/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Enoplida/veterinária , Infecções Intra-Abdominais/veterinária , Animais , Doenças do Gato/diagnóstico , Gatos , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/análise , Dioctophymatoidea/classificação , Infecções por Enoplida/diagnóstico , Infecções por Enoplida/parasitologia , Feminino , Proteínas de Helminto/análise , Infecções Intra-Abdominais/diagnóstico , Infecções Intra-Abdominais/parasitologia , Peru , RNA de Helmintos/análise , RNA Ribossômico 18S/análise , Floresta Úmida , Análise de Sequência de DNA/veterinária , Análise de Sequência de RNA/veterinária
17.
J Parasitol ; 107(2): 358-363, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33906232

RESUMO

The life cycle of Dioctophyma renale involves an intermediate host (oligochaete), a paratenic hosts (fish and frogs), and a definitive host (mustelids and canids). Dogs are at risk of infection with D. renale when they consume paratenic hosts infected with the larval form of D. renale. Water containing the oligochaete intermediate host cannot be disregarded as another source of infection. Infections occur mainly in the right kidney, but worms have also been found in the abdominal cavity as well as other organs. Most dogs appear asymptomatic and infections are usually noted as incidental findings on necropsy. Recently, the Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) and Humane Society conducted transports of dogs located in northern remote communities. In 2016, some female dogs were found to be infected with D. renale upon ovariohysterectomy. In response to this discovery, we developed a screening protocol to screen for D. renale infections. In 2018, a total of 130 intact dogs were transferred from 2 northern communities in the provinces of Ontario and Manitoba. A prevalence of 7.94% (95% confidence interval 3.87-14.11%) was found from dogs from the northern communities. The screening protocol we developed provides a method of screening for dogs that are transported from communities that could be at risk of infection with D. renale.


Assuntos
Dioctophymatoidea/fisiologia , Doenças do Cão/parasitologia , Infecções por Enoplida/veterinária , Animais , Intervalos de Confiança , Dioctophymatoidea/isolamento & purificação , Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico , Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cão/terapia , Cães , Infecções por Enoplida/diagnóstico , Infecções por Enoplida/epidemiologia , Infecções por Enoplida/terapia , Feminino , Rim/parasitologia , Rim/fisiologia , Testes de Função Renal/veterinária , Masculino , Manitoba/epidemiologia , Programas de Rastreamento/veterinária , Ontário/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Urina/parasitologia
18.
Parasitol Int ; 82: 102303, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33601021

RESUMO

Parasitism is an important factor in conservation worldwide, especially for endangered species, as it can affect host populations by reducing growth rates, fecundity and affecting nutritional status. The maned wolf Chrysocyon brachyurus, a near-threatened species, is distributed across different habitats from the south Amazonian forest in Brazil to northern Argentina, Paraguay and eastern Bolivia. Most studies on gastrointestinal parasites in wild maned wolves are based on coprological findings, and there is little information about adult parasites and parasite species richness. Therefore, this study aims to expand the knowledge about the helminth infracommunity of a maned wolf, describe adult parasites, and explore parasitic coinfections. We performed a necropsy of an adult individual found road killed in Chaco province, Argentina. We collected adult worms from subcutaneous tissues, from the right ventricle, kidneys, and intestine. The parasites were morphologically identified as Dirofilaria immitis, Dioctophyma renale and Spirometra sp. respectively. To our knowledge, this is the first record for adults of Dirofilaria immitis in maned wolves. Filarioids were located within the heart as well as in subcutaneous tissues with mature females containing uterine microfilariae; this study also adds C. brachyurus as a new host for Spirometra sp. in Argentina. Considering that the three helminths found herein are zoonotic and that the maned wolf is an endangered canid, it is essential provide baseline information to determine the risk factors involved in the transmission and extend the studies to sympatric wild and domestic canids in the area.


Assuntos
Canidae , Infecções por Cestoides/veterinária , Dirofilariose/parasitologia , Infecções por Enoplida/veterinária , Animais , Argentina , Infecções por Cestoides/parasitologia , Dioctophymatoidea/isolamento & purificação , Dirofilaria immitis/isolamento & purificação , Espécies em Perigo de Extinção , Infecções por Enoplida/parasitologia , Feminino , Masculino , Spirometra/isolamento & purificação
19.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(1): 197-202, Jan.-Feb. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1153066

RESUMO

Dioctophymosis is the disease caused by Dioctophyma renale, a large nematode, popularly known as giant kidney worm, and whose definitive hosts are the domestic dog and many wild mammal species. There are some reports of maned wolf parasitism by D. renale, however, in most cases the reports are restricted to the finding of the parasite during necropsy, without clinical assessment. The present report aimed to describe the clinical-therapeutic, ultrasonographic and pathological aspects of D. renale parasitism in a free-ranging maned wolf, emphasizing the treatment with an association of doramectin, praziquantel, pyrantel pamoate, and febantel that resulted in complete elimination of the parasite.(AU)


A dioctofimose é a doença causada pelo Dioctophyma renale, um nemátodo grande, popularmente chamado de verme gigante do rim e que tem como hospedeiro definitivo o cão doméstico e inúmeras espécies de mamíferos silvestres. Existem alguns relatos do parasitismo do lobo-guará por D. renale, contudo, na maioria das vezes, os relatos se restringem apenas ao achado do parasita durante a necropsia, sem a correlação clínica. O presente relato objetiva descrever os aspectos clínico-terapêuticos, ultrassonográficos e patológicos do parasitismo por D. renale em um lobo-guará de vida livre, enfatizando o tratamento com uma associação de doramectina, praziquantel, pamoato de pirantel e febantel, o que resultou na eliminação completa do parasita.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Infecções por Enoplida/patologia , Infecções por Enoplida/veterinária , Infecções por Enoplida/diagnóstico por imagem , Canidae/parasitologia , Dioctophymatoidea , Animais Selvagens/parasitologia , Animais de Zoológico/parasitologia
20.
Parasitol Int ; 80: 102211, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164870

RESUMO

Dioctophymosis is the disease caused by the nematode Dioctophyme renale, normally found parasitizing the right kidney of dogs. The absence of symptoms is frequent in parasitized animals. The surgical procedures are commonly performed to treat this disease. This work describes a case involving a canine with renal and ectopic parasitosis in the abdominal and thoracic regions. A mixed-breed female dog, approximately four months old, was diagnosed by ultrasound as for the presence of D. renale in the right kidney and abdominal and thoracic cavities. The animal underwent exploratory celiotomy, nephrectomy of the parasitized kidney, and transdiaphragmatic thoracotomy to remove the thoracic parasite, with a single abdominal surgical wound and excellent postoperative recovery. Several reports of ectopic parasitosis are found, however, the thoracic finding is unusual, and curative therapeutic transdiaphragmatic thoracotomy for dioctophymosis in dogs has not been previously described.


Assuntos
Cavidade Abdominal/parasitologia , Dioctophymatoidea/isolamento & purificação , Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico , Infecções por Enoplida/veterinária , Cavidade Torácica/parasitologia , Animais , Doenças do Cão/parasitologia , Cães , Infecções por Enoplida/diagnóstico , Infecções por Enoplida/parasitologia , Feminino , Rim/parasitologia , Ultrassonografia/veterinária
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