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1.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210109, 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1346058

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo Analisar as percepções de enfermeiros sobre gestão do cuidado e seus fatores intervenientes para o controle da tuberculose na Atenção Primária em Saúde. Método Estudo descritivo, qualitativo, realizado com 29 enfermeiros que atuavam no controle da tuberculose em 23 Unidades Básicas de Saúde de Belém, Pará. Os dados foram produzidos por entrevistas individuais, utilizando roteiro semiestruturado, e submetidos à análise de conteúdo temática, proposta por Bardin. Resultados Originaram-se duas categorias temáticas: "A gestão do cuidado de enfermeiros para o controle da tuberculose nas Unidades Básicas de Saúde" e "Fatores intervenientes na efetivação da gestão do cuidado no controle da tuberculose nas Unidades Básicas de Saúde". Conclusão e implicações para a prática O conhecimento dos enfermeiros sobre a política e a gestão do cuidado no controle da tuberculose precisa ser fortalecido, e embora eles tenham clareza sobre suas competências, não conseguem realizá-las em sua plenitude por questões referentes à pouca organização dos serviços, centralização das atividades nos enfermeiros, baixa cooperação multiprofissional, falta de insumos e de pessoal e questões socioeconômicas ligadas ao usuário com tuberculose.


Resumen Objetivo Analizar la percepción de enfermeros sobre la gestión de la atención y los factores intervinientes para el control de la tuberculosis en la Atención Primaria de la Salud. Método Estudio descriptivo cualitativo realizado con 29 enfermeros que pre en el control de la tuberculosis en 23 Unidades Básicas de Salud de Belém, Pará. Los datos fueron producidos por entrevistas individuales, utilizando un guion semiestructurado, y sometido al análisis de contenido temático propuesto por Bardin. Resultados Se originaron dos categorías temáticas: "La gestión de la atención de enfermeros para el control de la tuberculosis en las Unidades Básicas de Salud" y "Factores intervinientes en la efectividad de la gestión de la atención en el control de la tuberculosis en las Unidades Básicas de Salud". Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica Es necesario fortalecer el conocimiento de las enfermeras sobre la política y la gestión de la atención en el control de la tuberculosis, y aunque tienen claras sus competencias, no pueden implementarlas en su totalidad debido a problemas relacionados con la mala organización de los servicios, la centralización de actividades en los enfermeros, baja cooperación multiprofesional, falta de insumos y personal y aspectos socioeconómicos relacionados con el usuario con tuberculosis.


Abstract Objective To analyze nurses' perceptions on care management and its intervening factors for tuberculosis control in Primary Health Care. Method A descriptive and qualitative study conducted with 29 nurses who worked on tuberculosis control in 23 Basic Health Units in Belém, Pará. The data were produced by individual interviews, using a semi-structured script, and submitted to thematic content analysis, as proposed by Bardin. Results Two thematic categories emerged, namely: "Care management by nurses for tuberculosis control in Basic Health Units" and "Intervening factors in the application of care management for tuberculosis control in Basic Health Units". Conclusion and implications for the practice The nurses' knowledge about the care policy and management for tuberculosis control needs to be strengthened and, although nurses are aware of their competences, they are unable to fully implement them due to issues related to poor organization services, centralization of activities on them, low multiprofessional cooperation, scarcity of supplies and personnel, and socioeconomic issues related to tuberculosis patients.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Tuberculose/prevenção & controle , Gestão em Saúde , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Prática Profissional , Apoio Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Tuberculose/enfermagem , Tuberculose/terapia , Educação em Saúde , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Vulnerabilidade em Saúde , Capacitação Profissional , Estigma Social , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento , Cuidados de Enfermagem
2.
J Nurs Adm ; 52(1): 51-56, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34910708

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to identify the differences in nurses' perceptions of their professional practice work environment (PPWE) related to their participation in shared governance (SG) councils and to examine the perception of effectiveness of SG councils among nurses who participate in them. BACKGROUND: Research suggests that adopting SG in nursing can lead to significant, positive outcomes, such as patient and nurse satisfaction and enhanced nurse empowerment, engagement, and a PPWE. METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional design in a Magnet®-designated urban Jordanian cancer care hospital. A convenience sample of 580 direct care nurses was used. The data were collected using self-administered questionnaires, the Council Health (CH) instrument, and the Professional Practice Work Environment Inventory (PPWEI). RESULTS: Results demonstrated a significant difference in the total score of PPWE between the SG council members (4.85) and nonmembers (4.68) (t = 2.906, P = 0.004). The results also indicated small to strong correlations of the total overall council health mean and all domain means of council effectiveness with total overall PPWEI mean and all domain means of PPWE (P < 0.05) among nurses who participated in SG councils. CONCLUSION: Findings support involving more staff in SG councils and that enhancing the SG councils' effectiveness positively affects the PPWE.


Assuntos
Conselho Diretor/organização & administração , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Percepção , Prática Profissional/organização & administração , Engajamento no Trabalho , Local de Trabalho , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Jordânia , Enfermagem Oncológica , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho/organização & administração , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
3.
Am J Nurs ; 122(1): 22-30, 2022 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34882584

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of the perceptions and experiences of nurses caring for patients and families under the COVID-19 pandemic's socially restrictive practices and policies. BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 global pandemic has affected the delivery of health care to patients and their families, with many aspects altered because of the need for social distancing, social isolation, and visitation restriction policies. These policies have created communication challenges for interdisciplinary health care teams, patients, and families. As frontline caregivers, nurses have felt strongly the impact of these challenges. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study was conducted among 17 RNs who were caring for patients during the COVID-19 pandemic and were recruited via social media posts on Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn. Watson's theory of human caring served as the conceptual framework for the study. RESULTS: Several themes emerged regarding nurses' experiences of communication with patients and families. These include communication challenges and barriers, prioritization, integration of group communication, nurse self-reflection, and acceptance of gratitude. CONCLUSIONS: The study findings underscore the importance of nurses' communication with patients and families under the pandemic's restricted conditions. They demonstrate the value of nurses' ability to innovate in fostering all parties' participation in the plan of care, and highlight the comfort nurses provide to patients who are isolated from loved ones. Strategies that fostered communication were identified, as were areas for further research.


Assuntos
COVID-19/enfermagem , Empatia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Relações Profissional-Família , COVID-19/complicações , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/tendências , Pesquisa Qualitativa
4.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 42(spe): e20200336, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787233

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the most frequent words in interviews given by nurses during the coronavirus pandemic. METHOD: This is a qualitative, exploratory, descriptive study, carried out with 45 interviews granted by nurses to newspapers of great circulation in Brazil and Portugal. The data were processed using the ATLAS.ti® software and analyzed using the word cloud tool. RESULTS: The seven most frequent words were: "home" (respect for isolation), "nurses" (valuing of the profession and structural problems), "patients/diseased" and "care" (referring to the severity of the disease), "family" (missing her own family/emotional stress) and "fear" (fear of contamination of oneself and others). FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: The word cloud revealed how straining nurses' experiences have been and reinforced the urgent need to rethink nursing work and the risks faced. Reflections like this contribute to the construction of more valued nursing and public policies for the protection of nurses.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Cuidados Críticos/psicologia , Emoções , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Pandemias , Brasil/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/enfermagem , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Portugal/epidemiologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estresse Fisiológico
5.
Am J Nurs ; 121(12): 18-28, 2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743129

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: For nurses, the challenges posed by demanding work environments and schedules often lead to fatigue, and this can be exacerbated during crises like the COVID-19 pandemic. In this article, the authors discuss causes and challenges of nurse fatigue and consider several evidence-based strategies and solutions for individual nurses and organizations. Barriers to implementation, including a negative workplace culture and inadequate staffing, are also described, and several resources are presented.


Assuntos
Fadiga/epidemiologia , Fadiga/prevenção & controle , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , COVID-19/enfermagem , Humanos , Recursos Humanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho/organização & administração , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
6.
Am J Nurs ; 121(12): 49-53, 2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792505

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Nurses are trusted to be truthful and to provide considered, substantiated information in a neutral way. Yet the COVID-19 crisis has highlighted how some nurses engage in misinformation on social media and in other venues. This article explores the reasons why people believe they are fully informed, including the possible influence of confirmation biases. It also describes the augmented ethical responsibilities of nurses to examine in depth what they think they know and understand and to account for cognitive biases. Strategies for nurse leaders, managers, and educators are provided to facilitate good practice and help ensure nurses are held accountable for their actions and social media postings.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Comunicação , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Mídias Sociais , Humanos
7.
J Prev Med Hyg ; 62(2): E415-E420, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604582

RESUMO

Introduction: Osteoporosis is a chronic and progressive disease associated with gradual bone loss and elevated risk of fracture. Role of health care professional especially nurses in lowering burden of osteoporosis via patients and public education is critical. Current study conducted to evaluate knowledge and attitude regarding osteoporosis among the nurses in orthopedic wards and their experience with national clinical osteoporosis guideline. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from August to December 2016 among all nurses in orthopedic ward of hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. The 23- item self-administered scale consisted of knowledge and attitude questions were used. Moreover, data regarding participation in osteoporosis training courses and awareness of the national osteoporosis clinical guideline were collected as a measure of nurses' experience with guideline. The gathered data were analyzed using SPSS (V. 16), student t-test was used to compare total knowledge and attitude scores between categorical demographic and professional data. Pearson test was used to calculate the correlation between total knowledge and attitude scores and years of practice. A p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: From total of 160 nurses, 143 of them completed the questionnaire (response rate: 89.3%). The total mean ± SD knowledge and attitude scores were 11.60 ± 3.10 and 3.47 ± 0.92 respectively. Six nurses (4.2%) had participated in osteoporosis training courses after graduation, and 39 (27.3%) had been aware of the national osteoporosis clinical guideline. Knowledge and attitude scores among nurses who practice in private hospitals was higher than those practices in the teaching hospitals. These differences were statistically significant based on student t-test. According to Pearson correlation coefficient, there was positive and significant correlation between nurses' knowledge and attitude score (Correlation coefficient: 0.199, p-value = 0.037). Conclusion: Our findings reveal that nurses' knowledge and attitude regarding osteoporosis was not satisfactory. Most of them were not aware of national osteoporosis clinical guideline and had not participated in osteoporosis training courses after their graduation. We need more empowered nurses to lowering burden of osteoporosis and its consequences in the future.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Guias como Assunto , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Osteoporose/psicologia , Idoso , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258099, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624019

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Organizational context is recognized as important for facilitating evidence-based practice and improving patient outcomes. Organizational context is a complex construct to measure and appropriate instruments that can quantify and measure context are needed. The aim of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Alberta Context Tool (ACT) to Norwegian, and to test the reliability and structural validity among registered nurses (RNs) and licenced practice nurses (LPNs) working in nursing homes. METHODS: This study was a validation study utilizing a cross-sectional design. The sample consisted of n = 956 healthcare personnel from 28 nursing homes from a municipality in Norway. In the first stage, the ACT was translated before being administered in 28 nursing homes. In the second stage, internal consistency and structural validity were explored using Cronbach's alpha and confirmatory factor analysis. RESULTS: A rigorous forward-and-back translation process was performed including a team of academics, experts, professional translators and the copyright holders, before an acceptable version of the ACT was piloted and finalized. The Norwegian version of the ACT showed good internal consistency with Chronbachs alpha above .75 for all concepts except for Formal interactions where the alpha was .69. Structural validity was acceptable for both RNs and LPNs with factors loadings more than .4 for most items. CONCLUSIONS: The Norwegian version of the ACT is a valid measure of organizational context in Norwegian nursing homes among RNs and LPNs.


Assuntos
Técnicos de Enfermagem/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Casas de Saúde/normas , Psicometria/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Alberta/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/normas , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Noruega/epidemiologia , Tradução
9.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258514, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anxiety, nausea and vomiting are common side effects suffered by paediatric patients receiving chemotherapy. Emerging evidence supports the efficacy of immersive virtual reality (IVR) on improving anxiety and distress symptoms including nausea and vomiting among this vulnerable group. This trial aims to assess the feasibility and acceptability of IVR for preventing and managing anxiety, nausea and vomiting among paediatric cancer patients receiving their first chemotherapy. METHOD AND ANALYSIS: An exploratory trial supplemented by qualitative methods will be conducted. We will recruit 20 paediatric patients who are aged between 6 and 12 years, chemotherapy naïve, scheduled to receive their first intravenous chemotherapy and able to understand Chinese. Participants will be randomly allocated to intervention or control groups. The intervention group will receive the IVR intervention for three sessions as follows: 4 hours before chemotherapy, 5 minutes before and during their first course chemotherapy and 5 minutes before and during their second course chemotherapy. The control group will receive standard care only. Main outcome measures included (1) key parameters for the design of a definitive trial (i.e. screening, eligibility, consent and withdrawal rates); (2) anxiety, anticipatory and acute chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting for collection of preliminary data; (3) feasibility and acceptability of the intervention. Semi-structured interviews will be conducted with patients, parents and oncology nurses. Generalized estimating equations model will be used to compare each of the outcome measures across the time points between the two groups. Qualitative data will be analysed by conventional content analysis. EXPECTED RESULTS: The results of this exploratory trial will inform the design and conduct of future definitive trial. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR1900021694; Pre-results.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Náusea/prevenção & controle , Realidade Virtual , Vômito/prevenção & controle , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Ansiedade/etiologia , Pressão Sanguínea , Cuidadores/psicologia , Criança , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Náusea/etiologia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Satisfação Pessoal , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vômito/etiologia
10.
Nurs Stand ; 36(11): 61-65, 2021 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34693669

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to a significant increase in the demand for palliative and end of life care, particularly in the community. Furthermore, palliative and end of life care services face growing pressures due to the increasing number of older people and increasing prevalence of chronic illness. Palliative and end of life care cannot be provided solely by specialists but needs to be integrated into mainstream healthcare. All nurses have a role in supporting patients with life-limiting conditions, and their families, by providing what is termed 'generalist palliative care'. However, some nurses may feel unprepared, unsupported or lacking the confidence and skills for that role. This article explores the definitions of palliative and end of life care, as well as the changes and challenges in service provision brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic. It also considers how nurses who have not specialised in this area of practice can be supported to care effectively for patients with life-limiting conditions, and their families, notably through workforce development initiatives such as training programmes and clinical supervision. This could not only increase the skills of the nursing workforce but also improve patient care.


Assuntos
Enfermagem em Saúde Comunitária/organização & administração , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/educação , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Idoso , COVID-19 , Competência Clínica , Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Assistência Terminal
13.
J Nurs Adm ; 51(11): 537-540, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34705759

RESUMO

Nurses and nurse leaders are working in unprecedented intense and demanding environments, and the COVID-19 pandemic continues to place strain on their mental well-being. If stressful work conditions remain at extraordinary high levels, nurses and leaders may ultimately leave their positions, creating even more uncertainty in the workforce. Enhancing individual resilience has become a superficial response in retaining nurses during a global nursing shortage. We argue that resilience is not solely an individual responsibility. Rather, resilience it is a mutual responsibility between the individual and the organization. In this article, we discuss how nurse leaders can foster organizational resilience while also enhancing their own individual resilience within the current pandemic environment, and as we transition to a post-COVID environment.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Mão de Obra em Saúde , Enfermeiras Administradoras , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Resiliência Psicológica , Saúde Global , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Saúde Mental , Enfermeiras Administradoras/organização & administração , Enfermeiras Administradoras/psicologia
14.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258224, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34714836

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burnout is a syndrome of emotional exhaustion, low personal accomplishment and depersonalization experienced by a health professional and it is more common in nurses due to high workload and job stress that is mostly caused by working proximity to patients and taking care of them. Burnout compromises the provision of quality health care. Despite this, there is no information in Ethiopia on burnout among nurses in study area. OBJECTIVES: To determine the magnitude of burnout and associated factors among nurses working in public hospitals of Harari regional state and Dire Dawa administration, eastern Ethiopia, February 1-29, 2020. METHODS: Institutional based quantitative cross-sectional study was employed from February 1-29 among 412 randomly selected nurses who have been working in hospitals for the last 6 months. Simple random sampling method was employed and data was collected by self-administered, standardized, reliable and valid, questionnaire (Maslachs Burnout Inventory- Human Services Survey). Data was entered into EpiData Version 3.1 and exported to statistical package for social science version 20 for analysis. All covariate with P-value less than 0.25 in bivariable analysis were candidate for multivariable analysis. Level of statistical significance was declared at p-value < 0.05. RESULTS: Among 412 nurses taking part in this study, 183(44.4%) of nurses with 95% CI, had experienced burnout. Married marital status [AOR:2.3,95%CI:(1.2-4.3)], poor current health status [AOR:4.8, 95% CI:(1.1-21.4)] and fair current health status [AOR:12, 95% CI:(4.5-32)], working greater than eight hour per-day[AOR:0.52, 95%CI:(0.29-0.92)], intention to leave a job [AOR:0.48,95%CI:(0.2-0.88), being working in emergency room [AOR:0.3,95%CI:(0.1-0.98)] and using a different medication related to work related health problems were factors associated with nurses' burnout. CONCLUSION: The nurses' burnout in this study is high and it is attributed by marriage, perceiving health status as poor and fair, whereas, having the intention to leave job, being working in emergency room and using a medication in relation to work related health problems reduced risk of developing burnout. So, the concerned bodies should provide trainings which focus on stress copying mechanisms and assertiveness program.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Hospitais Públicos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/organização & administração , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 7(9): e27715, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468331

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health misinformation is a public health concern. Various stakeholders have called on health care professionals, such as nurses and physicians, to be more proactive in correcting health misinformation on social media. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify US physicians' and nurses' motivations for correcting health misinformation on social media, the barriers they face in doing so, and their recommendations for overcoming such barriers. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 30 participants, which comprised 15 (50%) registered nurses and 15 (50%) physicians. Qualitative data were analyzed by using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Participants were personally (eg, personal choice) and professionally (eg, to fulfill the responsibility of a health care professional) motivated to correct health misinformation on social media. However, they also faced intrapersonal (eg, a lack of positive outcomes and time), interpersonal (eg, harassment and bullying), and institutional (eg, a lack of institutional support and social media training) barriers to correcting health misinformation on social media. To overcome these barriers, participants recommended that health care professionals should receive misinformation and social media training, including building their social media presence. CONCLUSIONS: US physicians and nurses are willing to correct health misinformation on social media despite several barriers. Nonetheless, this study provides recommendations that can be used to overcome such barriers. Overall, the findings can be used by health authorities and organizations to guide policies and activities aimed at encouraging more health care professionals to be present on social media to counteract health misinformation.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Comunicação , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/normas , Motivação , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Médicos/psicologia , Mídias Sociais/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
17.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 29: e3468, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468625

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to assess if changes in salivary alpha-amylase activity are associated with anxiety and stress among hospital nursing professionals and whether anxiety and stress are associated with sociodemographic, epidemiological, and occupational factors. METHOD: cross-sectional, quantitative study, carried out with 210 nursing professionals from a hospital. For data collection, we used a questionnaire to characterize workers, Beck's Anxiety Inventory, Lipp's Stress Symptoms Inventory for Adults and samples and saliva samples collected in work shifts. The data were analyzed descriptively and inferentially using the software Statistical Package for the Social Science and GraphPad Prism. RESULTS: most professionals experienced stress and anxiety. The variables age group, number of children, use of medication and workload were associated with anxiety; age group, smoking and medication use were associated with stress. An increase in the salivary alpha-amylase activity was observed in the middle of the work shift. Professionals who had stress and anxiety had significant changes in alpha-amylase in the night shift. CONCLUSION: changes in salivary alpha-amylase were associated with anxiety and stress among nursing professionals, indicating that this enzyme can be a possible biomarker of anxiety and stress in workers.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , alfa-Amilases Salivares , Estresse Psicológico , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Saliva , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia
18.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 51(4): 408-413, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497250

RESUMO

Recently, nurse suicide has emerged as one of the major issues. We tried to review the status of nurse suicide and its management in Korea through inspecting related web sites, news articles, and research. However, there were no sufficient reports or statistics along with the research throughout the country. Moreover, there were no organized nurse suicide management systems or programs including suicide prevention, suicide intervention, suicide postvention management. In other countries, there were various trials and successful experiences about nurse suicide programs, and those have been managed in organized and integrated ways. It gave us a lot of implications. To effectively prevent and manage the nurse suicide in Korea, nursing workforce, nursing managers, and nursing researchers should be concerned about nurse suicide. Furthermore, discussions and the research must be made actively. Based on such efforts, appropriate programs, organized manage systems, and policies must be devised at institution and national level.


Assuntos
Intervenção na Crise , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Humanos , República da Coreia , Suicídio/psicologia
19.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 51(4): 442-453, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497253

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to assess public awareness and policy challenges faced by practicing nurses. METHODS: After collecting nurse-related news articles published before and after 'the Thanks to You Challenge' campaign (between December 31, 2019, and July 15, 2020), keywords were extracted via preprocessing. A three-step method keyword analysis, latent Dirichlet allocation topic modeling, and keyword network analysis was used to examine the text and the structure of the selected news articles. RESULTS: Top 30 keywords with similar occurrences were collected before and after the campaign. The five dominant topics before the campaign were: pandemic, infection of medical staff, local transmission, medical resources, and return of overseas Koreans. After the campaign, the topics 'infection of medical staff' and 'return of overseas Koreans' disappeared, but 'the Thanks to You Challenge' emerged as a dominant topic. A keyword network analysis revealed that the word of nurse was linked with keywords like thanks and campaign, through the word of sacrifice. These words formed interrelated domains of 'the Thanks to You Challenge' topic. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study can provide useful information for understanding various issues and social perspectives on COVID-19 nursing. The major themes of news reports lagged behind the real problems faced by nurses in COVID-19 crisis. While the press tends to focus on heroism and whole society, issues and policies mutually beneficial to public and nursing need to be further explored and enhanced by nurses.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Jornais como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Análise de Rede Social , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
20.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 51(4): 454-464, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497254

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the level of complete knowledge about hand hygiene indications among nurses working at integrated nursing care service wards. METHODS: A total of 127 nurses in eight integrated nursing care service wards completed structured sheets while observing a video based on six scenarios developed by the research team. Complete knowledge level was calculated as the percentage (%) of participants who responded correctly to all questions among participants. Complete knowledge levels according to the scenarios were calculated and compared according to general characteristics using the chi-squared test or Wilcoxon rank-sum test. RESULTS: The complete knowledge level for each scenario ranged from 7.9% (scenario 6) to 42.5% (scenarios 4 and 5), and no one had complete knowledge of all scenarios. Only 3.1% of participants demonstrated complete knowledge in more than four scenarios, and 26.0% had complete knowledge of four or more hand hygiene moments. Complete knowledge level per scenario did not differ depending on work experience at hospitals and study wards, or prior hand hygiene training in the last year. CONCLUSION: As the complete knowledge level regarding hand hygiene moment is very low, it is suggested that regular hand hygiene training should be provided to nurses using video media that reflect real nursing tasks. Thus, they can acquire complete knowledge of when hand hygiene is needed or not during complex nursing work situations.


Assuntos
Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Higiene das Mãos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Desinfecção das Mãos/métodos , Hospitais , Humanos
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