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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253065, 2024. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1350311

RESUMO

Abstract Routine blood culture is used for the detection of bloodstream infections by aerobic and anaerobic bacteria and by common pathogenic yeasts. A retrospective study was conducted in a public hospital in Maceió-AL, by collecting data of all medical records with positive blood cultures. Out of the 2,107 blood cultures performed, 17% were positive with Staphylococcus coagulase negative (51.14%), followed by Staphylococcus aureus (11.21%) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (6.32%). Gram-positive bacteria predominated among positive blood cultures, highlighting the group of Staphylococcus coagulase-negative. While Gram-negative bacteria had a higher number of species among positive blood cultures.


Resumo A cultura sanguínea de rotina é usada para a detecção de infecções na corrente sanguínea por bactérias aeróbias e anaeróbias e por leveduras patogênicas comuns. Estudo retrospectivo realizado em hospital público de Maceió-AL, por meio da coleta de dados de todos os prontuários com culturas sanguíneas positivas. Das 2.107 culturas sanguíneas realizadas, 17% foram positivas com Staphylococcus coagulase negativo (51,14%), seguido por Staphylococcus aureus (11,21%) e Klebsiella pneumoniae (6,32%). As bactérias Gram-positiva predominaram entre as culturas de sangue positivas, destacando-se o grupo das Staphylococcus coagulase-negativo. Enquanto as bactérias Gram-negativas apresentaram um número maior de espécies entre as culturas de sangue positivas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Sepse , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Brasil , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hospitais
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e251671, 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345526

RESUMO

Abstract Trypanosomiasis is a protozoan infection affecting both human and animals in almost all parts of the world. It can affect a very large range of domestic and wild hosts including camelids, equines, cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, pigs, dogs and other carnivores, deer, gazelles and elephants. This review paper was designed to address the effect of this economically important disease in countries on the Red Sea, especially in Egypt, Sudan, Somalia, and Saudi Arabia during the period 2010 to 2020. The prevalence of trypanosomiasis is different between these countries due to different types of diagnostic methods (Giemsa-stained blood smears, Hematocrit centrifugation, Serological test, and molecular analysis PCR) used and differential distribution of vector (Tse tse) flies. In current review, retrospective studies of published literature on distribution and prevalence of Trypanosoma evansi infection in the Red Sea Countries was conducted [Google Scholar and PubMed were used to retrieve the published literature from 2000-2020. A total of 77 published articles met the eligibility criteria and were reviewed. A total of 16 reports have been reported on the prevalence and distribution of Trypnosoma evansi infection in the Red Sea Countries have been from 2010-2020]. According to the published literature, we can say that trypanosomiasis in camels are more prevalent in Sudan than in other countries, followed by 17% and 51.78% in both clinical and non-clinical cases. Hence, the reliable diagnostic tests should be used for rapid treatment or control of the disease as if not treated appropriately in early-stage, can lead to death of the camels.


Resumo A tripanossomíase é uma infecção por protozoário que afeta humanos e animais em quase todas as partes do mundo. Pode afetar grande variedade de hospedeiros domésticos e selvagens, incluindo camelídeos, equinos, gado, búfalos, ovelhas, cabras, porcos, cães e outros carnívoros, veados, gazelas e elefantes. Este artigo de revisão foi elaborado para abordar o efeito dessa doença economicamente importante em países do mar Vermelho, especialmente Egito, Sudão, Somália e Arábia Saudita, durante o período de 2010 a 2020. A prevalência de tripanossomíase é diferente entre esses países devido a tipos distintos de métodos diagnósticos (esfregaços de sangue corados com Giemsa, centrifugação de hematócrito, teste sorológico e PCR de análise molecular) usados ​​e distribuição diferencial de moscas vetoras (tsé-tsé). Na revisão atual, foram realizados estudos retrospectivos da literatura publicada sobre distribuição e prevalência da infecção por Trypanosoma evansi nos países do mar Vermelho [Google Scholar e PubMed foram usados ​​para recuperar a literatura publicada de 2000 a 2020. Um total de 77 artigos publicados preencheu os critérios de elegibilidade e foi revisado. E há também 16 relatos sobre a prevalência e distribuição da infecção por Trypnosoma evansi nos países do mar Vermelho, de 2010 a 2020]. De acordo com a literatura publicada, podemos afirmar que a tripanossomíase em camelos é mais prevalente no Sudão do que em outros países, seguida por 17% e 51,78% em casos clínicos e não clínicos. Assim, os testes diagnósticos confiáveis ​​devem ser utilizados para o tratamento rápido ou controle da doença, pois, se eles não forem tratados de forma adequada na fase inicial, isso pode levar à morte dos camelos.


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Tripanossomíase/diagnóstico , Tripanossomíase/veterinária , Tripanossomíase/epidemiologia , Cervos , Bovinos , Ovinos , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Oceano Índico , Cavalos
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e239323, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339341

RESUMO

Abstract The β-lactam/lactamase inhibitors (BLBLIs) combination drugs are considered an effective alternative to carbapenems. However, there is a growing concern that the increased use of BLBLIs may lead to increased resistance. This study determined the temporal association between the consumption of BLBLI and the antimicrobial resistance in Gram-negative bacteria. In this retrospective study, electronic data on the Gram-negative bacterial isolates, including A. baumannii, P. aeruginosa, E. coli, and K. pneumoniae from in-patients and susceptibility testing results were retrieved from the medical records of the clinical laboratory. A linear regression and cross-correlation analysis were performed on the acquired data. Increasing trends (p<0.05) in the consumption of BIBLI and carbapenem with a median use of 27.68 and 34.46 DDD/1000 PD per quarter were observed, respectively. A decreased trend (p=0.023) in the consumption of fluoroquinolones with a median use of 29.13 DDD/1000 PD per quarter was observed. The resistance rate of K. pneumoniae was synchronized with the BIBLI and carbapenem consumptions with a correlation coefficient of 0.893 (p=0.012) and 0.951 (p=0.016), respectively. The cross-correlation analysis against the consumption of BIBLI and meropenem resistant K. pneumoniae was peaked at 0-quarter lag (r=951, p=0.016). There was an increasing trend in the consumption of BLBLI and carbapenems. The increasing trend in the rates of resistance to piperacillin/tazobactam, in line with the increasing consumption of BLBLI, suggests that BLBLI has to be used with caution and cannot be directly considered as a long-term alternative to carbapenems.


Resumo Os medicamentos combinados de β-lactâmicos / inibidores da lactamase (BLBLIs) são considerados uma alternativa eficaz aos carbapenêmicos. No entanto, existe uma preocupação crescente de que o aumento do uso de BLBLIs pode levar ao aumento da resistência. Este estudo determinou a associação temporal entre o consumo de BLBLI e a resistência antimicrobiana em bactérias gram-negativas. Neste estudo retrospectivo, os dados eletrônicos sobre as bactérias gram-negativas isoladas, incluindo A. baumannii, P. aeruginosa, E. coli e K. pneumoniae de pacientes internados e os resultados dos testes de suscetibilidade foram recuperados dos registros médicos do laboratório clínico. Uma regressão linear e análise de correlação cruzada foram realizadas nos dados adquiridos. Foram observadas tendências crescentes (p < 0,05) no consumo de BIBLI e carbapenem com uma mediana de uso de 27,68 e 34,46 DDD/1000 PD por trimestre, respectivamente. Foi observada uma tendência de diminuição (p = 0,023) no consumo de fluoroquinolonas com uma mediana de uso de 29,13 DDD/1000 PD por trimestre. A taxa de resistência de K. pneumoniae foi sincronizada com os consumos de BIBLI e carbapenem com coeficiente de correlação de 0,893 (p = 0,012) e 0,951 (p = 0,016), respectivamente. A análise de correlação cruzada contra o consumo de BIBLI e K. pneumoniae resistente ao meropenem atingiu o pico no intervalo de 0 quarto (r = 951, p = 0,016). Houve uma tendência de aumento no consumo de BLBLI e carbapenêmicos. A tendência crescente nas taxas de resistência a piperacilina/tazobactam, em linha com o consumo crescente de BLBLI, sugere que BLBLI deve ser usado com cautela e não pode ser considerado diretamente como alternativa de longo prazo aos carbapenêmicos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/epidemiologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escherichia coli , Bactérias Gram-Negativas
4.
J Invest Surg ; 36(1): 1-10, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36341742

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the recurrence rate and prognosis between minimally invasive surgical (MIS) approach and open surgical approach of endometrial carcinoma (EC) patients with different prognostic risk groups. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all cases undergoing EC surgery between January 2011 and March 2018 was performed. The patients were grouped according to the management guidelines of EC patients jointly formulated by the ESGO/ESTRO/ESP 2020. Different surgical approaches were compared with regard to tumor characteristics, recurrence rate, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: A total of 665 patients met the inclusion criteria of which 196 patients underwent MIS (29.5%), and 469 patients underwent open surgery (70.5%). In the MIS group, there was a significant higher rate of recurrence (17.3% vs 6.6%, P = 0.000) compared to the open surgery group. The recurrence rate of MIS was 7.7% (P = 0.000) in the medium-high risk group and 8.2% (P = 0.014) in the high-risk group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the independent factors influencing recurrence included prognostic risk grouping, surgical approach and lymph vascular space invasion (LVSI) positivity (P < 0.05). K-M survival analysis revealed that in the intermediate and high-risk group of EC, MIS patients had a significantly lower DFS than those undergoing open surgery (P < 0.05), but no significant difference was found in OS. CONCLUSIONS: For patients with EC at moderate and high prognostic risk, MIS is associated with poorer DFS compared to open surgery, but OS was similar across prognostic risk groups. The application of MIS in patients with moderate and high-risk EC needs further research and analysis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , Feminino , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia
5.
Scand Cardiovasc J ; 57(1): 1-7, 2023 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337012

RESUMO

Background. Pacemakers are used to treat syncope in patients with bradyarrhythmia; however, the risk of recurrent syncope has only been investigated in few and smaller studies. Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the risk of recurrent syncope after pacemaker implantation in patients with bradyarrhythmia and prior syncope. Methods. This retrospective, population-based cohort study included patients with a prior syncope and implantation of a pacemaker using data from the Danish nationwide registers from 1996 to 2017. Cumulative incidence and cox regression was used to estimate the 5-year incidence and the risk of recurrent syncope, respectively. Results. In total, 11,126 patients (median age: 78 years, interquartile range: 69-85, 56% male) were included and the 5-year cumulative incidence of recurrent syncope was 19.6% (95% confidence interval (CI): 18.8-20.3%). Sinus node dysfunction (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.29, 95%CI: 1.17-1.42) and unspecified type of bradyarrhythmia (HR: 1.32, 95%CI: 1.15-1.52) were associated with an increased risk of syncope compared to advanced atrioventricular (AV) block. Male sex (HR: 1.22, 95%CI: 1.22-1.34), cerebrovascular disease (HR: 1.17, 95%CI: 1.05-1.30), and prior number of syncopes were significantly associated with a higher HR of recurrent syncope. Conclusion. Almost one-in-five patients with bradyarrhythmia and prior syncope who had a pacemaker implanted had a recurrent syncope within five years. A higher risk of syncope was observed among patients with sinus node dysfunction and unspecified type of bradyarrhythmia compared to AV block. Male sex, cerebrovascular disease, and prior number of syncopes were associated risk factors of recurrent syncope.


Assuntos
Bloqueio Atrioventricular , Marca-Passo Artificial , Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Feminino , Bradicardia/diagnóstico , Bradicardia/epidemiologia , Bradicardia/terapia , Síndrome do Nó Sinusal/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Coortes , Marca-Passo Artificial/efeitos adversos , Síncope/diagnóstico , Síncope/epidemiologia , Síncope/terapia , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/diagnóstico , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/epidemiologia , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/terapia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/efeitos adversos
6.
Fam Community Health ; 46(1): 79-86, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36322616

RESUMO

Congestive heart failure (CHF) readmissions are frequent and costly but preventable. The purpose of this study was to analyze socioeconomic and health-related factors of CHF readmissions by examining the relationship between 30-day readmissions of individuals with CHF and their payer status, race, ethnicity, primary language spoken, living arrangement, and comorbidities. This retrospective case-control study used secondary data from 450 CHF patients admitted to a not-for-profit Northern Virginia hospital from July 2014 to December 2017. Data were analyzed using χ 2 and logistic regression. Living arrangements and comorbid chronic renal failure (CRF) were statistically significant predictors of CHF readmissions; all other factors were nonsignificant. Patients who lived with family and those in assisted living facilities were less likely to be readmitted than those who lived alone (odds ratio [OR] = 0.2 and 0.5, respectively). Patients without CRF were less likely to be readmitted than those who had CRF (OR = 0.6). This study contributes data to inform community-based health programs tailored toward frequently readmitted individuals due to CHF exacerbation.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Readmissão do Paciente , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Risco
7.
J Intensive Care Med ; 38(1): 42-50, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35611506

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Dysglycemia is associated with poor outcomes in critically ill patients,which is uncertain in patients with diabetes regarding to the situation of glucose control before hospitalization. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of the difference between the level of blood glucose during ICU stay and before admission to ICU upon the outcomes of critically ill patients with diabetes. METHOD: Patients with diabetes expected to stay for more than 24hs were enrolled, HbA1c was converted to A1C-derived average glucose (ADAG) by the equation: ADAG = [ (HbA1c * 28.7) - 46.7 ] * 18-1, blood glucose were measured four times a day during the first 7 days after admission, the mean glucose level(MGL) and SOFA (within 3, 5, and 7days) were calculated for each person, GAPadm and GAPmean was calculated as admission blood glucose and MGL minus ADAG, the incidence of moderate hypoglycemia(MH), severe hypoglycemia (SH), total dosage of glucocorticoids and average daily dosage of insulin, duration of renal replacement therapy(RRT), ventilator-free hours, and non-ICU days were also collected. Patients were divided into survival group and nonsurvival group according to survival or not at 28-day, the relationship between GAP and mortality were analyzed. RESULTS: 431 patients were divided into survival group and nonsurvival group. The two groups had a comparable level of HbA1c, the nonsurvivors had greater APACHE II, SOFA, GAPadm, GAPmean-3, GAPmean-5, GAPmean-7 and higher MH and SH incidences. Less duration of ventilator-free, non-ICU stay and longer duration of RRT were recorded in the nonsurvival group. GAPmean-5 had the greatest predictive power with an AUC of 0.807(95%CI: 0.762-0.851), the cut-off value was 3.6 mmol/L (sensitivity 77.7% and specificity 76.6%). The AUC was increased to 0.852(95%CI: 0.814-0.889) incorporated with SOFA5 (NRI = 11.34%). CONCLUSION: Glycemic GAP between the MGL within 5 days and ADAG was independently associated with 28-day mortality of critically ill patients with diabetes. The predictive power was optimized with addition of SOFA5.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Hipoglicemia , Humanos , Glicemia , Estado Terminal , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Glucose , Estudos Retrospectivos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva
8.
J Intensive Care Med ; 38(1): 51-59, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35656768

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrest (CA) is associated with worse outcomes in patients with cardiogenic shock (CS). To better understand the contribution of CA on CS, we evaluated transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) parameters in CS patients with and without CA. METHODS: We retrospectively identified CS patients with a TTE performed near cardiac intensive care unit admission between 2007 to 2018. We compared TTE measurements of left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) function in patients with and without CA. The primary outcome was all-cause in-hospital mortality, as determined using multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: We included 1085 patients, 35% of whom had CA. Median age was 70 years and 37% were females. CA patients had higher severity of illness, more invasive mechanical ventilation and greater vasopressor/inotrope use. In-hospital mortality was 31% and was higher in CA patients (45% vs. 23%, p <0.001). Although LV ejection fraction (LVEF) was similar (35% vs. 37%, p = 0.05), CA patients had lower cardiac index, mitral valve E wave peak velocity, E/A ratio and E/e' ratio. TTE variables that were associated with hospital mortality varied, among patients with CA, these included measures of RV pressure and function and among patients without CA, these included parameters reflecting LV systolic function. CONCLUSIONS: Doppler assessments of RV systolic dysfunction were the strongest TTE predictors of hospital mortality in CS patients with CA, unlike CS patients without CA in whom LV systolic function was more important. This emphasizes the importance of RV assessment for mortality risk stratification after CA.


Assuntos
Parada Cardíaca , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Masculino , Choque Cardiogênico/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ecocardiografia , Parada Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Volume Sistólico
9.
Int J Cancer ; 152(1): 24-30, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35712762

RESUMO

Local retroperitoneal recurrence (RPR) after radical nephrectomy (RN) is rare in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC); however, it is associated with poor prognosis and lacks standard treatment. Our study aimed to assess oncological outcomes and prognostic factors of patients that underwent targeted therapy for RPR after RN, and to evaluate the role of presurgical targeted therapy in this context. This was a retrospective multicenter study of 85 patients with RPR treated with targeted therapy for RPR after RN (July 2008-October 2020). Clinical and pathological characteristics were reported using descriptive statistics. Cancer-specific survival (CSS) was examined using the Cox proportional hazards model. The median follow-up time was 50 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 33.3-66.7) after the RPR diagnosis. The median CSS was 96 months in the presurgical targeted therapy followed by surgical resection group and 42 months (95% CI: 28.8-55.2) in the targeted therapy alone group (P = .0011). In multivariate analysis, International Metastatic RCC Database Consortium classification intermediate/poor risk, number of recurrence lesions and surgical resection were independent predictors of CSS. Presurgical targeted therapy may increase the feasibility of tumor resection for RPR after RN. Patients who underwent surgical resection following presurgical targeted therapy had better CSS than those treated with targeted therapy alone.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/etiologia , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/secundário , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
J Intensive Care Med ; 38(1): 78-85, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35722731

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine the impact of chronic comorbidities on mortality in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of adults with ARDS (ICD-10-CM code J80) from the National Inpatient Sample between January, 2016 and December, 2018. For the primary outcome of mortality, we conducted weighted logistic regression adjusting for factors identified on univariate analysis as potentially significant or differing between the two groups at baseline. We used negative binomial regression adjusting for the same comorbidities to identify risk factors for longer length of stay (LOS) among ARDS survivors. RESULTS: After exclusions, 1046 records were analyzed (3355 ARDS survivors and 1875 non-survivors.) The comorbidities examined included hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity, hypothyroidism, alcohol and drug use, chronic kidney disease (CKD), cardiovascular disease, chronic liver disease, chronic pulmonary disease and malignancy. In multivariate analysis, we found that malignancy (OR 2.26, 95% CI 1.84-2.78, p < 0.001), cardiovascular disease (OR 1.54, 95% CI 1.23-1.92, p < 0.001), and CKD (OR 1.75, 95% CI 1.22-2.50, p = 0.002) increased the risk of death. In interaction analyses, cardiovascular disease combined with either malignancy or CKD conferred higher odds of death compared to either risk factor alone. CONCLUSIONS: The comorbidity of malignancy confers the most reliable risk of poor outcomes in ARDS with higher odds of hospital death and a simultaneous association with longer hospital LOS among survivors.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Adulto , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doença Crônica
11.
Int J Cancer ; 152(1): 42-50, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35751420

RESUMO

Conventional imaging examinations are not sensitive enough for the early detection of recurrent or metastatic lesions in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients. We aimed to explore the role of 68 Ga-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-11 positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in the detection of primary and metastatic lesions in such patients. We retrospectively analyzed 50 RCC patients who underwent 68 Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT from November 2017 to December 2020. We observed a higher median accuracy and tumor-to-background maximum standard uptake value (SUVmax ) ratio (TBR) of 68 Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT in clear cell RCC (ccRCC; 96.57% and 6.00, respectively) than in non-clear cell RCC (ncRCC; 82.05% and 2.99, respectively). The accuracies in detecting lesions in the renal region, bone, lymph nodes and lungs in ccRCC were 100.00%, 95.00%, 98.08% and 75.00%, respectively, and those in the renal region, bone and lymph nodes in ncRCC were 100.00%, 86.67% and 36.36%, respectively. The median TBRs of the lesions from the above locations were 0.38, 10.96, 6.69 and 13.71, respectively, in ccRCC and 0.13, 4.02 and 0.73, respectively, in ncRCC. The PSMA score evaluated with immunohistochemistry was correlated with the SUVmax (P = .046) in RCC. Higher PSMA scores were observed in ccRCC than in ncRCC (P = .031). 68 Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT resulted in changes in clinical management in 12.9% (4/31) of cases because of the discovery of new metastases not detected with conventional imaging. These results indicate that 68 Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT is a promising method for the detection of metastatic lesions in ccRCC, especially for those in the bone and lymph nodes.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Neoplasias da Próstata , Masculino , Humanos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem
12.
J Intensive Care Med ; 38(1): 106-113, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35795966

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics, critical care resource requirements, and outcomes of children who were hospitalized after a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) consult in the Emergency Department (ED). METHODS: In this single-centre retrospective cohort study, we conducted chart reviews for children (<18 years) hospitalized following a PICU consult in the ED to examine patient characteristics, timing of consult, ED length of stay, Medical Emergency Team (MET) utilization, PICU nursing workload, and critical care interventions for children who were and were not admitted to the PICU. RESULTS: During the one-year study period, 247 PICU consults were performed in the ED resulting in 161 (65.2%) direct admissions to PICU and 1 indirect PICU admission via the ward. Of 105 children with complex chronic conditions, 73 (69.5%) were admitted to PICU, including 32 (91.4%) of 35 children with chronic home ventilatory needs, only 2 (6.2%) of whom received a critical care intervention beyond respiratory support. Within 24 h of hospitalization, 112 (69.1%) of 162 PICU admissions received a critical care-specific intervention. Of 86 (34.8%) ward admissions, 16 (18.6%) were reviewed by the MET. Children admitted to the ward had a significantly longer post-consult ED length of stay than children admitted to PICU (median 428 min vs. 130 min; p <0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Over two-thirds of children admitted to PICU from the ED required early critical care interventions, with the remainder potentially benefitting from closer monitoring or a higher frequency of non-critical care interventions than can be reasonably provided on general inpatient wards. More research is needed to evaluate critical care and hospital resource utilization when children are triaged to the ward following a PICU consult in the ED.


Assuntos
Hospitalização , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Tempo de Internação
13.
J Intensive Care Med ; 38(1): 5-10, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35892180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Critical illness in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) is increasing in occurrence, and by virtue of its adverse effect on prognosis, its presence may influence the decision to offer admission to intensive care units (ICU). Our objective was to examine the determinants and outcome of patients with CLD admitted to ICU. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of patients admitted to four adult ICUs in Queensland, Australia from 2017 to 2019. Patients with mild or moderate-severe CLD were defined by the absence and presence of portal hypertension, respectively, and were was determined using granular ICU and state-wide administrative databases. The primary outcome was 90-day all cause case-fatality. RESULTS: We included 3836 patients in the analysis, of which, 60 (2%) had mild liver disease and 132 (3%) had moderate-severe liver disease . Patients with CLD had higher incidence of other co-morbidities with the median adjusted-Charlson co-morbidity index (CCI) was 1 (interquartile range; IQR 0-3) for no CLD, 2 (IQR 1.5-4) for mild CLD, and 3 (IQR 2-5) for moderate-severe CLD. Case-fatality rates at 90 days was 17% for no CLD, 25% for mild CLD, and 41% for moderate-severe CLD. Among those with mild and moderate-severe CLD, an increased co-morbidity burden as measured by an adjusted CCI score of low (0-3), medium (4-5), high (6-7) and very high (>7) resulted in increasing case-fatality rates of 24-40%, 11-28.5%, 33-62%, and 50% respectively. Moderate-severe CLD, but not mild CLD, was independently associated with increased case-fatality at 90 days (Odds Ratio 1.58; 95% confidence interval 1.01-2.48; p = 0.004) after adjusting for medical co-morbidities and severity of illness using logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Although patients with moderate-severe CLD have an increased risk for 90-day case-fatality, patients with mild CLD are not at higher risk for death following ICU admission.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal , Hipertensão Portal , Adulto , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Estudos de Coortes , Hipertensão Portal/complicações
14.
Clin Rehabil ; 37(1): 119-131, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36039504

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Rehabilitation may mitigate the high mortality rates and health declines post-fracture for adults with cerebral palsy, but this is understudied. The objectives were to characterize the post-fracture rehabilitation pathways and identify their association with 1-year survival among adults with cerebral palsy. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of adults with cerebral palsy with a fragility fracture with continuous health plan enrollment ≥1-year prior to and ≥1 day after their fracture date was performed using a random 20% Medicare fee-for-service dataset. Participants were categorized as a home discharge or inpatient rehabilitation admission post-fracture. For the home discharge cohort, weekly exposure to outpatient physical/occupational therapy (PT/OT) was examined up to 6-month post-fracture. Cox regression examined the association between time-varying PT/OTuse within 6-month post-fracture and mortality from 30 days to 1-year post-fracture before and after adjusting for confounders (e.g. medical complexity). RESULTS: Of 3598 adults with cerebral palsy with an incident fragility fracture, 74% were discharged home without inpatient rehabilitation; they were younger, but more medically complex compared to the 26% admitted to inpatient rehabilitation. Among the home discharge cohort (n = 2662), 43.1% initiated PT/OTwithin 6-month post-fracture, and cumulative PT/OTexposure post-fracture was associated with improved survival; for example, per 3 weeks of PT/OTexposure, the adjusted mortality rate was 40% lower (95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.41-0.89). CONCLUSIONS: Most adults with cerebral palsy with a fragility fracture were discharged home rather than to inpatient rehabilitation, and only 43.1% of that group initiated outpatient PT/OTwithin 6 months post-fracture. Receiving outpatient PT/OTwas associated with improved 1-year survival.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Fraturas Ósseas , Idoso , Adulto , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Medicare , Estudos Retrospectivos , Paralisia Cerebral/diagnóstico , Planos de Pagamento por Serviço Prestado , Alta do Paciente
16.
Thorac Surg Clin ; 33(1): 19-24, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372529

RESUMO

The rapid adoption of robotic-assisted thoracic surgery has led to increased interest in the management of complications. Overall rates of complication during robotic-assisted thoracic surgery are low. Reported complications include pulmonary vascular injury; great vessel injury; thoracic duct injury; erroneous transection; tracheobronchial injury; and esophageal, diaphragmatic, and abdominal organ injury. A robotic thoracic surgeon should understand and have a management plan for any potential complication. When a complication occurs, the priority is to stabilize the patient. Then, after stabilization, an assessment of the situation will determine whether the procedure can be continued robotically or whether conversion to thoracotomy or sternotomy is required.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Cirurgia Torácica , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Toracotomia/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida
17.
Thorac Surg Clin ; 33(1): 33-41, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372531

RESUMO

Robotic lobectomy volume in the United States has increased dramatically in the past 10 years. Improved perioperative outcomes and increased public demand for minimally invasive techniques continue to drive its popularity. Preoperative workup is similar to VATs lobectomy and includes appropriate tumor staging, pulmonary function tests, and imaging. Severe intraoperative complications are rare but can be catastrophic; individualized response to each is required.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Robótica , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Thorac Surg Clin ; 33(1): 43-49, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372532

RESUMO

Pulmonary segmentectomy is a parenchymal-sparing alternative approach to lobectomy for the surgical management of stage I NSCLC. Segmentectomy is an anatomical resection that requires meticulous dissection and exposure of the segmental pulmonary artery, vein, and bronchus. The open thoracotomy approach has been gradually replaced by video-assisted thoracoscopy (VATS) and robotic-assisted minimally invasive approaches for performing segmentectomy for surgical resection for early-stage lung cancer. There are 2 recent randomized studies that demonstrated that pulmonary segmentectomy is equivalent to lobectomy for the surgical management of NSCLC tumors 2 cm or smaller. This article will review robotic-assisted segmentectomy techniques that are performed for the surgical management of stage I nonsmall cell lung cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Pneumonectomia/métodos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Thorac Surg Clin ; 33(1): 51-60, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372533

RESUMO

Performing robotic thoracic lung resection is becoming an option for patients with complex thoracic disease. The robotic-assisted approach has similar survival with decreased postoperative pain, morbidity, and hospital length of stay compared with the open approach in pneumonectomy, bronchoplasty, and arterioplasty. Appropriate patient selection based on medical and surgical history combined with surgeon experience is imperative for an excellent outcome. This article will discuss the use of the robot in pneumonectomy, arterioplasty, and bronchoplasty to provide information about the technical approach and postoperative management.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Robótica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pneumonectomia , Pulmão , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Thorac Surg Clin ; 33(1): 61-69, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372534

RESUMO

Robotic tracheobronchoplasty (TBP) is a new surgical approach to treat tracheobronchomalacia (TBM), and is based on open TBP, which has undergone various technical iterations since the 1950s. The robotic approach to TBM may allow for more patients to undergo TBP, and in retrospective series has demonstrated equivalent outcomes compared to open TBP if not superior in terms of postoperative complications. Long-term data are eagerly awaited, and we describe our approach in this article.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Traqueobroncomalácia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Traqueobroncomalácia/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias
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