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1.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 24(1): 238, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure is a serious medical condition that occurs when the heart is unable to pump sufficient blood to meet the needs of the tissues. Good self-care is an essential behavior in long term management and maintenance of physiologic stability, better medical and person-centered outcomes. Poor self-care behavior deteriorates the outcomes of heart failure patients. However, there were no sufficient evidences that illustrate the topic in the country, including the study area. METHODOLOGY: Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted among 250 heart failure patients from July 5-August 4, 2021. All adult heart failure patients who fulfill the inclusion criteria and have appointment during study period were included in the study. Interview and medical chart review was used to collect data. Epidata version 3.1 and SPSS version 20 were used for data entry and analysis respectively. Bivariate and multivariable analysis was computed. The model fitness was checked by Hosmer and Lemeshow test. RESULTS: From the total patients, 240 were interviewed with the response rate of 96%. Among these, 140(58.3%) [95% CI: 52.6, 64.9] had poor self-care behavior. Age>54: 9.891 [2.228, 43.922], poor knowledge: 6.980[1.065, 45.727], depression: 4.973[1.107, 22.338], low social support: 6.060[1.373, 26.739], insomnia: 4.801[1.019, 22.622] and duration with heart failure <1 year: 5.782[1.438, 23.247] were factors associated with poor self-care behavior. CONCLUSION: In this study, more than half of participants attending at Wachemo University Nigist Eleni Comprehensive Specialized Hospital in outpatient cardiac follow-up unit had poor self-care behavior. Of the study variables, older age, poor knowledge, depressive symptoms, low social support, insomnia and short duration with heart failure were related with poor self-care behavior. Thus, the findings highlight importance of assessing level of self-care behavior and implicate direction to take action to enhance level of self-care behavior.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Autocuidado , Humanos , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/psicologia , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Adulto , Fatores de Risco , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Assistência Ambulatorial , Fatores de Tempo , Hospitais Universitários
2.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 24(1): 239, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714966

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cerebral malperfusion (CM) is a common comorbidity in acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD), which is associated with high mortality and poor neurological prognosis. This meta-analysis investigated the surgical strategy of ATAAD patients with CM, aiming to compare the difference in therapeutic effectiveness between the central repair-first and the early reperfusion-first according to clinical outcomes. METHODS: The meta-analysis and systematic review was conducted based on studies sourced from the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane literature database, in which cases of ATAAD with CM underwent surgical repair were included. Data for baseline characteristics, mortality, survival were extracted, and risk ratio (RR) values and the pooled mortality were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 17 retrospective studies were analyzed, including 1010 cases of ATAAD with CM underwent surgical repair. The pooled early mortality in early reperfusion group was lower (8.1%; CI, 0.02 to 0.168) than that in the central repair group (16.2%; CI, 0.115 to 0.216). The pooled long-term mortality was 7.9% in the early reperfusion cohort and 17.4% the central repair-first cohort, without a statistically significant heterogeneity (I [2] = 51.271%; p = 0.056). The mean time of symptom-onset-to-the-operation-room in all the reports was 8.87 ± 12.3 h. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis suggested that early reperfusion-first may achieved better outcomes compared to central repair-first in ATAAD patients complicated with CM to some extent. Early operation and early restoration of cerebral perfusion may reduce the occurrence of some neurological complications. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The meta-analysis was registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews database (No. CRD CRD42023475629) on Nov. 8th, 2023.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Aórtico , Dissecção Aórtica , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Humanos , Dissecção Aórtica/cirurgia , Dissecção Aórtica/mortalidade , Dissecção Aórtica/complicações , Dissecção Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Dissecção Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Aneurisma Aórtico/cirurgia , Aneurisma Aórtico/mortalidade , Aneurisma Aórtico/complicações , Aneurisma Aórtico/fisiopatologia , Aneurisma Aórtico/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Doença Aguda , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/cirurgia , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/etiologia , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/mortalidade , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/diagnóstico , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Medição de Risco , Reperfusão , Tempo para o Tratamento
3.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1254, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714982

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression is a global burden with profound personal and economic consequences. Previous studies have reported that the amount of physical activity is associated with depression. However, the relationship between the temporal patterns of physical activity and depressive symptoms is poorly understood. In this exploratory study, we hypothesize that a particular temporal pattern of daily physical activity could be associated with depressive symptoms and might be a better marker than the total amount of physical activity. METHODS: To address the hypothesis, we investigated the association between depressive symptoms and daily dominant activity behaviors based on 24-h temporal patterns of physical activity. We conducted a cross-sectional study on NHANES 2011-2012 data collected from the noninstitutionalized civilian resident population of the United States. The number of participants that had the whole set of physical activity data collected by the accelerometer is 6613. Among 6613 participants, 4242 participants had complete demography and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) questionnaire, a tool to quantify depressive symptoms. The association between activity-count behaviors and depressive symptoms was analyzed using multivariable logistic regression to adjust for confounding factors in sequential models. RESULTS: We identified four physical activity-count behaviors based on five physical activity-counting patterns classified by unsupervised machine learning. Regarding PHQ-9 scores, we found that evening dominant behavior was positively associated with depressive symptoms compared to morning dominant behavior as the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Our results might contribute to monitoring and identifying individuals with latent depressive symptoms, emphasizing the importance of nuanced activity patterns and their probability of assessing depressive symptoms effectively.


Assuntos
Depressão , Exercício Físico , Aprendizado de Máquina , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Masculino , Feminino , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Big Data , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Fatores de Tempo , Acelerometria , Idoso
4.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 23(1): 155, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715023

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Given the increasing attention to glycemic variability (GV) and its potential implications for cardiovascular outcomes. This study aimed to explore the impact of acute GV on short-term outcomes in Chinese patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: This study enrolled 7510 consecutive patients diagnosed with acute STEMI from 274 centers in China. GV was assessed using the coefficient of variation of blood glucose levels. Patients were categorized into three groups according to GV tertiles (GV1, GV2, and GV3). The primary outcome was 30-day all-cause death, and the secondary outcome was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). Cox regression analyses were conducted to determine the independent correlation between GV and the outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 7136 patients with STEMI were included. During 30-days follow-up, there was a significant increase in the incidence of all-cause death and MACEs with higher GV tertiles. The 30-days mortality rates were 7.4% for GV1, 8.7% for GV2 and 9.4% for GV3 (p = 0.004), while the MACEs incidence rates was 11.3%, 13.8% and 15.8% for the GV1, GV2 and GV3 groups respectively (p < 0.001). High GV levels during hospitalization were significantly associated with an increased risk of 30-day all-cause mortality and MACEs. When analyzed as a continuous variable, GV was independently associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 1.679, 95% confidence Interval [CI] 1.005-2.804) and MACEs (HR 2.064, 95% CI 1.386-3.074). Additionally, when analyzed as categorical variables, the GV3 group was found to predict an increased risk of MACEs, irrespective of the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM). CONCLUSION: Our study findings indicate that a high GV during hospitalization was significantly associated with an increased risk of 30-day all-cause mortality and MACE in Chinese patients with STEMI. Moreover, acute GV emerged as an independent predictor of increased MACEs risk, regardless of DM status.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Glicemia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Glicemia/metabolismo , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Fatores de Risco , Medição de Risco , Biomarcadores/sangue , Causas de Morte , Incidência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 19(1): 279, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715032

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Reports on long-term outcomes of surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) for patients aged < 60 years are scarce in Japan. Hence, we aimed to evaluate these outcomes in patients aged < 60 years. METHODS: Between March 2000 and December 2020, 1477 patients underwent aortic valve replacement. In total, 170 patients aged < 60 years who underwent aortic valve replacement were recruited. Patients aged < 18 years were excluded. Patient data collected from the operative records and follow-up assessments were reviewed. RESULTS: The mean age was 49 ± 9 years, and 64.1% of patients were male. One-hundred-and-fifty-two patients (89.4%) underwent aortic valve replacement with a mechanical valve and 18 (10.6%) with a bioprosthetic valve. The mean follow-up period was 8.1 ± 5.5 years. No operative mortality occurred, and in-hospital mortality occurred in one patient (0.6%). Ten late deaths occurred, with seven cardiac-related deaths. The overall survival rate was 95.4 ± 1.7%, 93.9 ± 2.3%, 90.6 ± 3.9%, and 73.2 ± 11.8% at 5, 10, 15, and 20 years, respectively. Freedom from major bleeding was 96.4 ± 1.6% at 5, 10, and 15 years, and 89.0 ± 7.3% at 20 years. Freedom from thromboembolic events was 98.7 ± 1.3%, 97.3 ± 1.9%, 90.5 ± 4.5%, and 79.0 ± 11.3% at 5, 10, 15, and 20 years, respectively. Freedom from valve-related reoperation was 99.4 ± 0.6% at 5 years, 97.8 ± 1.7% at 10 and 15 years, and 63.9 ± 14.5% at 20 years. CONCLUSIONS: Patients aged < 60 years undergoing aortic valve replacement with a high mechanical valve implantation rate had favorable long-term outcomes.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Adulto , Bioprótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Japão/epidemiologia , Seguimentos , Resultado do Tratamento , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores Etários , Fatores de Tempo , Mortalidade Hospitalar
6.
Trials ; 25(1): 306, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715042

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Premature infants commonly encounter difficulties with oral feeding, a complication that extends hospital stays, affects infants' quality of life, and imposes substantial burdens on families and society. Enhancing preterm infants' oral feeding skills and facilitating their transition from parenteral or nasal feeding to full oral feeding pose challenges for neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) healthcare professionals. Research indicates that oral motor interventions (OMIs) can enhance preterm infants' oral feeding capabilities and expedite the transition from feeding initiation to full oral feeding. Nonetheless, the most suitable timing for commencing these interventions remains uncertain. METHODS: This is a single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Preterm with a gestational age between 29+0 to 34+6 weeks will be eligible for the study. These infants will be randomized and allocated to one of two groups, both of which will receive the OMIs. The intervention commences once the infant begins milk intake during the early OMIs. Additionally, in the late OMIs group, the intervention will initiate 48 h after discontinuing nasal continuous positive airway pressure. DISCUSSION: OMIs encompass non-nutritive sucking and artificial oral stimulation techniques. These techniques target the lips, jaw, muscles, or tongue of premature infants, aiming to facilitate the shift from tube feeding to oral feeding. The primary objective is to determine the ideal intervention timing that fosters the development of oral feeding skills and ensures a seamless transition from parenteral or nasal feeding to full oral feeding among preterm infants. Furthermore, this study might yield insights into the long-term effects of OMIs on the growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm infants. Such insights could bear substantial significance for the quality of survival among preterm infants and the societal burden imposed by preterm birth. TRIAL REGISTRATION: chictr.org.cn ChiCTR2300076721. Registered on October 17, 2023.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Comportamento de Sucção , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Método Simples-Cego , Fatores de Tempo , Idade Gestacional , Resultado do Tratamento , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Desenvolvimento Infantil
7.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 23(1): 158, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between iron biomarkers and cardiovascular disease risk factors (CVD-RFs) remains unclear. We aimed to (1) evaluate the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between iron biomarkers (serum ferritin, transferrin saturation (TSAT), transferrin) and CVD-RFs among women, and (2) explore if these associations were modified by menopausal status. METHOD: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses including 2542 and 1482 women from CoLaus cohort, respectively. Multiple linear regression and multilevel mixed models were used to analyse the associations between Iron biomarkers and CVD-RFs. Variability of outcomes and iron markers between surveys was accessed using intraclass correlation (ICC). RESULTS: After multivariable adjustment, elevated serum ferritin levels were associated with increased insulin and glucose levels, while higher transferrin levels were linked to elevated glucose, insulin and total cholesterol, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p < 0.05). No association was observed between CVD-RFs and TSAT (p > 0.05). Iron biomarkers demonstrated low reliability across reproductive stages but exhibited stronger associations in the perimenopausal group. In longitudinal analysis, we found association only for transferrin with lower glucose levels [ß = - 0.59, 95% CI (- 1.10, - 0.08), p = 0.02] and lower diastolic blood pressure [ß = - 7.81, 95% CI (- 15.9, - 0.56), p = 0.04]. CONCLUSION: In cross-sectional analysis, transferrin was associated with several CVD-RFs, and the associations did not change according to menopausal status. Conversely, in the longitudinal analyses, changes in transferrin were associated only with lower glucose and diastolic blood pressure levels. These differences might stem from the substantial longitudinal variation of iron biomarkers, underscoring the need for multiple iron measurements in longitudinal analyses.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Ferritinas , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Pós-Menopausa , Transferrina , Humanos , Feminino , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ferritinas/sangue , Estudos Longitudinais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Transferrina/metabolismo , Transferrina/análise , Pós-Menopausa/sangue , Medição de Risco , Adulto , Ferro/sangue , Fatores de Tempo , Brasil/epidemiologia , Idoso , Glicemia/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores Etários
8.
Trials ; 25(1): 308, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a frequent cause of hypoxemic respiratory failure with a mortality rate of approximately 30%. Identifying ARDS subphenotypes based on "focal" or "non-focal" lung morphology has the potential to better target mechanical ventilation strategies of individual patients. However, classifying morphology through chest radiography or computed tomography is either inaccurate or impractical. Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a non-invasive bedside tool that can accurately distinguish "focal" from "non-focal" lung morphology. We hypothesize that LUS-guided personalized mechanical ventilation in ARDS patients leads to a reduction in 90-day mortality compared to conventional mechanical ventilation. METHODS: The Personalized Mechanical Ventilation Guided by UltraSound in Patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (PEGASUS) study is an investigator-initiated, international, randomized clinical trial (RCT) that plans to enroll 538 invasively ventilated adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients with moderate to severe ARDS. Eligible patients will receive a LUS exam to classify lung morphology as "focal" or "non-focal". Thereafter, patients will be randomized within 12 h after ARDS diagnosis to receive standard care or personalized ventilation where the ventilation strategy is adjusted to the morphology subphenotype, i.e., higher positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and recruitment maneuvers for "non-focal" ARDS and lower PEEP and prone positioning for "focal" ARDS. The primary endpoint is all-cause mortality at day 90. Secondary outcomes are mortality at day 28, ventilator-free days at day 28, ICU length of stay, ICU mortality, hospital length of stay, hospital mortality, and number of complications (ventilator-associated pneumonia, pneumothorax, and need for rescue therapy). After a pilot phase of 80 patients, the correct interpretation of LUS images and correct application of the intervention within the safe limits of mechanical ventilation will be evaluated. DISCUSSION: PEGASUS is the first RCT that compares LUS-guided personalized mechanical ventilation with conventional ventilation in invasively ventilated patients with moderate and severe ARDS. If this study demonstrates that personalized ventilation guided by LUS can improve the outcomes of ARDS patients, it has the potential to shift the existing one-size-fits-all ventilation strategy towards a more individualized approach. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The PEGASUS trial was registered before the inclusion of the first patient, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ (ID: NCT05492344).


Assuntos
Pulmão , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Respiração Artificial , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Humanos , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/terapia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/mortalidade , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Fatores de Tempo , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Medicina de Precisão/métodos
9.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 23(1): 156, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both the triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index, as a surrogate marker of insulin resistance, and systemic inflammation are predictors of cardiovascular diseases; however, little is known about the coexposures and relative contributions of TyG index and inflammation to cardiovascular diseases. Using the nationally representative data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), we conducted longitudinal analyses to evaluate the joint and mutual associations of the TyG index and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) with cardiovascular events in middle-aged and older Chinese population. METHODS: This study comprised 8 658 participants aged at least 45 years from the CHARLS 2011 who are free of cardiovascular diseases at baseline. The TyG index was calculated as Ln [fasting triglyceride (mg/dL) × fasting glucose (mg/dL)/2]. Cardiovascular events were defined as the presence of physician-diagnosed heart disease and/or stroke followed until 2018.We performed adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression and mediation analyses. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 58.6 ± 9.0 years, and 3988 (46.1%) were females. During a maximum follow-up of 7.0 years, 2606 (30.1%) people developed cardiovascular diseases, including 2012 (23.2%) cases of heart diseases and 848 (9.8%) cases of stroke. Compared with people with a lower TyG index (< 8.6 [median level]) and hsCRP < 1 mg/L, those concurrently with a higher TyG and hsCRP had the highest risk of overall cardiovascular disease (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.300; 95% CI 1.155-1.462), coronary heart disease (aHR, 1.294; 95% CI 1.130-1.481) and stroke (aHR, 1.333; 95% CI 1.093-1.628), which were predominant among those aged 70 years or below. High hsCRP significantly mediated 13.4% of the association between the TyG index and cardiovascular disease, while TyG simultaneously mediated 7.9% of the association between hsCRP and cardiovascular risk. CONCLUSIONS: The findings highlight the coexposure effects and mutual mediation between the TyG index and hsCRP on cardiovascular diseases. Joint assessments of the TyG index and hsCRP should be underlined for the residual risk stratification and primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases, especially for middle-aged adults.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Glicemia , Proteína C-Reativa , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Triglicerídeos , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco , Glicemia/metabolismo , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Estudos Longitudinais , Fatores de Tempo , Prognóstico , Resistência à Insulina , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Incidência , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas
10.
Trials ; 25(1): 309, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715140

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflamm-aging is associated with the rate of aging and is significantly related to diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, atherosclerosis, heart disease, and age-related degenerative diseases such as type II diabetes and osteoporosis. This study aims to evaluate the safety and efficiency of autologous adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cell (AD-MSC) transplantation in aging-related low-grade inflammation patients. METHODS: This study is a single-group, open-label, phase I clinical trial in which patients treated with 2 infusions (100 million cells i.v) of autologous AD-MSCs were initially evaluated in 12 inflamm-aging patients who concurrently had highly proinflammatory cytokines and 2 of the following 3 diseases: diabetes, dyslipidemia, and obesity. The treatment effects were evaluated based on plasma cytokines. RESULTS: During the study's follow-up period, no adverse effects were observed in AD-MSC injection patients. Compared to baseline (D-44), the inflammatory cytokines IL-1α, IL-1ß, IL-8, IL-6, and TNF-α were significantly reduced after 180 days (D180) of MSC infusion. IL-4/IL-10 at 90 days (D90) and IL-2/IL-10 at D180 increased, reversing the imbalance between proinflammatory and inflammatory ratios in the patients. CONCLUSION: AD-MSCs represent a potential intervention to prevent age-related inflammation in patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov number is NCT05827757, first registered on 13th Oct 2020.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo , Citocinas , Inflamação , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Transplante Autólogo , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Citocinas/sangue , Inflamação/sangue , Resultado do Tratamento , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Fatores de Tempo , Fatores Etários , Adulto
11.
JASA Express Lett ; 4(5)2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38717468

RESUMO

This study evaluated whether adaptive training with time-compressed speech produces an age-dependent improvement in speech recognition in 14 adult cochlear-implant users. The protocol consisted of a pretest, 5 h of training, and a posttest using time-compressed speech and an adaptive procedure. There were significant improvements in time-compressed speech recognition at the posttest session following training (>5% in the average time-compressed speech recognition threshold) but no effects of age. These results are promising for the use of adaptive training in aural rehabilitation strategies for cochlear-implant users across the adult lifespan and possibly using speech signals, such as time-compressed speech, to train temporal processing.


Assuntos
Implantes Cocleares , Percepção da Fala , Humanos , Percepção da Fala/fisiologia , Idoso , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Implante Coclear/métodos , Fatores de Tempo
12.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0294061, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718085

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Reducing waiting times is a major policy objective in publicly-funded healthcare systems. However, reductions in waiting times can produce a demand response, which may offset increases in capacity. Early detection and diagnosis of cancer is a policy focus in many OECD countries, but prolonged waiting periods for specialist confirmation of diagnosis could impede this goal. We examine whether urgent GP referrals for suspected cancer patients are responsive to local hospital waiting times. METHOD: We used annual counts of referrals from all 6,667 general practices to all 185 hospital Trusts in England between April 2012 and March 2018. Using a practice-level measure of local hospital waiting times based on breaches of the two-week maximum waiting time target, we examined the relationship between waiting times and urgent GP referrals for suspected cancer. To identify whether the relationship is driven by differences between practices or changes over time, we estimated three regression models: pooled linear regression, a between-practice estimator, and a within-practice estimator. RESULTS: Ten percent higher rates of patients breaching the two-week wait target in local hospitals were associated with higher volumes of referrals in the pooled linear model (4.4%; CI 2.4% to 6.4%) and the between-practice estimator (12.0%; CI 5.5% to 18.5%). The relationship was not statistically significant using the within-practice estimator (1.0%; CI -0.4% to 2.5%). CONCLUSION: The positive association between local hospital waiting times and GP demand for specialist diagnosis was caused by practices with higher levels of referrals facing longer local waiting times. Temporal changes in waiting times faced by individual practices were not related to changes in their referral volumes. GP referrals for diagnostic cancer services were not found to respond to waiting times in the short-term. In this setting, it may therefore be possible to reduce waiting times by increasing supply without consequently increasing demand.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Listas de Espera , Humanos , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/terapia , Inglaterra , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Clínicos Gerais , Fatores de Tempo , Medicina Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais
13.
Acta Biochim Pol ; 71: 12433, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721304

RESUMO

The study aimed to determine the osteointegration markers after dental implantation and evaluate their predictive value. The study was performed on 60 practically healthy persons who needed teeth rehabilitation using dental implants. The conical-shaped implants (CI) and hexagonal implants (HI) were used. The content of Osteopontin (OPN), Osteocalcin (OC), Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP), Osteoprotegerin (OPG), and nitric oxide (NO) was determined in patients' gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and peri-implant sulcular fluid (PISF), collected 1, 3, and 6 months after implantation. During the 3-6 months of observation level of OPN increased in patients with CIs (<50 years > 50 years) and HIs (<50 years) (CI: <50 years F = 36.457, p < 0.001; >50 years F = 30.104, p < 0.001; HI < 50 years F = 2.246, p < 0.001), ALP increased in patients with CIs (<50 years: F = 19.58, p < 0.001; >50 years: F = 12.01; p = 0.001) and HIs (<50 years) (F = 18.51, p < 0.001), OC increased in patients <50 years (CI: F = 33.72, p < 0.001; HI: F = 55.57, p < 0.001), but in patients >50 years - on the 3 days month (CI: F = 18.82, p < 0.001; HI: F = 26.26, p < 0.001), but sharply decreased at the end of sixth month. OPG increased during 1-3 months of the observation in patients <50 years (CI: F = 4.63, p = 0.037; HI: F = 2.8927, p = 0.046), but at the end of the sixth month returned to the initial level; NO content in PISF increased in patients with CI (>50 years) during 1-6 months of the observation (F = 27.657, p < 0.001). During the post-implantation period, age-related differences in osteointegration were observed. Patients <50 years old had relatively high levels of OPN, ALP, OC, and OPG in PISF, resulting in less alveolar bone destruction around dental implants and more intensive osteointegration. These indicators may be used as biological markers for monitoring implant healing. The process of osseointegration was more intense in CIs due to their comparatively high mechanical loading.


Assuntos
Fosfatase Alcalina , Biomarcadores , Implantes Dentários , Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Osseointegração , Osteocalcina , Osteopontina , Osteoprotegerina , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Feminino , Masculino , Osteoprotegerina/metabolismo , Líquido do Sulco Gengival/metabolismo , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Osteocalcina/metabolismo , Adulto , Osteopontina/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Implantação Dentária/métodos , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Health Informatics J ; 30(2): 14604582241252791, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721881

RESUMO

Before a medical procedure requiring anesthesia, patients are required to not eat or drink non-clear fluids for 6 h and not drink clear fluids for 2 h. Fasting durations in standard practice far exceed these minimum thresholds due to uncertainties in procedure start time. The aim of this retrospective, observational study was to compare fasting durations arising from standard practice with different approaches for calculating the timepoint at which patients are instructed to stop eating and drinking. Scheduling data for procedures performed in the cardiac catheterization laboratory of an academic hospital in Canada (January 2020 to April 2022) were used. Four approaches utilizing machine learning (ML) and simulation were used to predict procedure start times and calculate when patients should be instructed to start fasting. Median fasting duration for standard practice was 10.08 h (IQR 3.5) for both food and clear fluids intake. The best performing alternative approach, using tree-based ML models to predict procedure start time, reduced median fasting from food/non-clear fluids to 7.7 h (IQR 2) and clear liquids fasting to 3.7 h (IQR 2.4). 97.3% met the minimum fasting duration requirements (95% CI 96.9% to 97.6%). Further studies are required to determine the effectiveness of operationalizing this approach as an automated fasting alert system.


Assuntos
Jejum , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Canadá , Aprendizado de Máquina/normas , Agendamento de Consultas , Feminino , Masculino
15.
Port J Card Thorac Vasc Surg ; 31(1): 17-22, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38743515

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cardiac disease is associated with a risk of death, both by the cardiac condition and by comorbidities. The waiting time for surgery begins with the onset of symptoms and includes referral, completion of the diagnosis and surgical waiting list (SWL). This study was conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic, which affected surgical capacity and patients' morbidities. METHODS: The cohort includes 1914 consecutive adult patients (36.6% women, mean age 67 ±11 years), prospectively registered in the official SWL from January 2019 to December 2021. We analyzed waiting times ranging from 4 days to one year to exclude urgencies and outliers. Priority was classified by the national criteria for non-oncologic or oncology surgery. RESULTS: During the study period, 74% of patients underwent surgery, 19.2% were still waiting, and 4.3% dropped out. Most cases were valvular (41.2%) or isolated bypass procedures (34.2%). Patients were classified as non-priority in 29.7%, priority in 61.8%, and high priority in 8.6%, with significantly different SWL mean times between groups (p<0.001). The overall mean waiting time was 167 ± 135 days. Mortality on SWL was 2.5%, or 1.1 deaths per patient/weeks. There were two mortality independent predictors: age (HR 1.05) and the year 2021 versus 2019 (HR 2.07) and a trend toward higher mortality in priority patients versus non-priority (p=0.065). The overall risk increased with time with different slopes for each year. Using the time limits for SWL in oncology, there would have been a significant risk reduction (p=0.011). CONCLUSION: The increased risk observed in 2021 may be related to the pandemic, either by increasing waiting time or by direct mortality. Since risk stratification is not entirely accurate, waiting time emerges as the most crucial factor influencing mortality, and implementing stricter time limits could have led to lower mortality rates.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Cardiopatias , Listas de Espera , Humanos , Feminino , Listas de Espera/mortalidade , Masculino , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Cardiopatias/mortalidade , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Fatores de Tempo , Medição de Risco , Pandemias , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos
17.
Age Ageing ; 53(Supplement_2): ii13-ii19, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests health-promoting properties of increased protein intake. There is increased interest in plant protein but a dearth of information in relation to its impact on muscle function. The objective of the present work was to examine the impact of intake of different types of proteins on muscle functional parameters including handgrip strength, biomarkers of metabolic health, sleep quality and quality of life in a group of older adults. METHODS: Healthy men and women aged 50 years and older entered a double-blinded, randomised, controlled nutritional intervention study with three parallel arms: high plant protein, high dairy protein and low protein. Participants consumed once daily a ready-to-mix shake (containing 20 g of protein in high protein groups) for 12 weeks. Changes in handgrip and leg strength, body composition, metabolic health, quality of life and sleep quality were analysed by linear mixed models in an intention-to-treat approach. RESULTS: Eligible participants (n = 171) were randomly assigned to the groups (plant: n = 60, dairy: n = 56, low protein: n = 55) and 141 completed the study. Handgrip strength increased after the intervention (Ptime = 0.038), with no significant difference between the groups. There was no significant difference between groups for any other health outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: In a population of older adults, increasing protein intake by 20 g daily for 12 weeks (whether plant-based or dairy-based) did not result in significant differences in muscle function, body composition, metabolic health, sleep quality or quality of life, compared with the low protein group.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal , Força da Mão , Qualidade de Vida , Sono , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Método Duplo-Cego , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sono/fisiologia , Proteínas de Vegetais Comestíveis/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Alimentares/administração & dosagem , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Fatores Etários , Dieta Rica em Proteínas , Estado Nutricional
18.
Tunis Med ; 102(4): 235-240, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38746964

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION-AIM: Flexible insulin therapy is currently considered the gold standard therapy of type 1 diabetes. We aimed to study the evolution of glycemic control, weight and nutritional intake of a group of patients with type 1 diabetes, three months after the initiation of functional insulin therapy (FIT). METHODS: This was a prospective longitudinal study having included 30 type 1 diabetic patients hospitalized for education to FIT. Each patient underwent an assessment of glycemic control (glycated hemoglobin (A1C) and number of hypoglycemia), weight and nutritional intake before FIT and 3 months after the initiation of this educative approach. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 21,8 ± 7,9 years and the sex ratio was 0,5. The mean duration of diabetes was 7,2 ± 6 years. Three months after initiation of FIT, we observed a significant lowering of A1C, which went from 9,2 ± 1,6% to 8,3 ± 1,4% (p<0,001) of the number of minor hypoglycemia (p=0,001) and that of severe hypoglycemia (p= 0,021). the average weight went from 64,6 ± 13,1 kg to 65,5 ± 13,5 kg (p = 0,040) with a significant increase in BMI (p = 0,041). Weight gain was observed in 67% of patients. This weight gain contrasted with a significant decrease in caloric (p = 0,040) and in carbohydrates intakes (p = 0,027). CONCLUSION: Weight gain, associated with better glycemic control, should encourage the healthcare team to strengthen therapeutic education of patients undergoing FIT in order to limit weight gain.


Assuntos
Peso Corporal , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Hipoglicemiantes , Insulina , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/sangue , Feminino , Masculino , Insulina/administração & dosagem , Insulina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Longitudinais , Adolescente , Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Hemoglobinas Glicadas/análise , Hemoglobinas Glicadas/metabolismo , Hipoglicemia/prevenção & controle , Hipoglicemia/induzido quimicamente , Hipoglicemia/epidemiologia , Controle Glicêmico/métodos , Ingestão de Energia , Aumento de Peso/fisiologia , Aumento de Peso/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo , Glicemia/análise , Glicemia/metabolismo
19.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 96(2): e20231388, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747802

RESUMO

This study is the first to apply training impulse (TRIMP) and Training Monotony (TM) methodologies, within the realm of sport science, in animal model studies. Rats were divided into Sedentary (SED, n=10) and Training (TR, n=13). TR performed a four-week moderate-intensity interval training with load progression. Lactate kinetics, lactate training impulse (TRIMPLac), maximal speed training impulse (TRIMPSmax) and TM were utilized to develop and monitor training protocol. TR showed an 11.9% increase in time to exhaustion at the second maximum incremental test and a 17.5% increase at the third test. External work was increased by 17.8% at the second test and 30.3% at the third. There was a 10.6% increase in external work at the third test compared to the second for TR. No difference in TRIMPLac between the 1st week (94±9 A.U) and 3rdweek (83±10 A.U) were seen. TRIMPSmax was 2400 A.U. in the 1st week, 2760 A.U. in the 2nd and 3rd weeks, and 3120 A.U. in the 4th week. The TM remained at 1.24 A.U throughout the protocol and there was no dropouts. TRIMPLac and TRIMPSmax contributed to the development and monitoring loads, demonstrating their potential to improve the accuracy of training protocols in animal model research.


Assuntos
Ácido Láctico , Condicionamento Físico Animal , Ratos Wistar , Animais , Condicionamento Físico Animal/fisiologia , Masculino , Ácido Láctico/sangue , Ácido Láctico/análise , Ratos , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Braz Oral Res ; 38: e034, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747821

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of acid challenge on the activation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in the Dentinoenamel junction of primary and permanent teeth submitted to radiotherapy. For this purpose, a total of 178 dental fragments obtained from molars were used, and randomly divided into 2 groups (primary and permanent teeth) / 4 experimental subgroups (irradiated and non-irradiated, demineralized and non-demineralized). The fragments were exposed to radiation, with a dose fraction of 2 Gy, for 5 consecutive days, until a total dose of 60 Gy was reached, with a total of 30 cycles, for 6 weeks. To determine the activity of MMPs on the dentinoenamel junction (DEJ), in situ zymography assays on 0.6mm dental fragments were performed. To assess whether MMP activity would be impacted by an acidic environment, the fragments were placed in a demineralizing solution (pH of 4.8). The finding was that irradiation activated MMPs in DEJ and these effects were more evident in permanent when compared with primary teeth. When the effect of an acid challenge on MMPs activity was investigated, demineralization was observed not to increase MMPs activity in non-irradiated teeth, but it did increase MMPs activity in irradiated teeth. In conclusion, an acid challenge was found to exacerbate activation of MMPs in DEJ of permanent teeth submitted to irradiation, but not in primary teeth.


Assuntos
Metaloproteinases da Matriz , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/efeitos da radiação , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/análise , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo , Dente Decíduo/efeitos da radiação , Dente Decíduo/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/efeitos da radiação , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/enzimologia , Dentição Permanente , Distribuição Aleatória , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Desmineralização do Dente , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Análise de Variância , Valores de Referência , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos da radiação , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos dos fármacos
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