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1.
Food Chem ; 369: 130891, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507089

RESUMO

High-density lipoprotein (HDL) was extracted from hen eggs and enzymatic hydrolysates were formed by neutral protease, trypsin and alkaline protease, which were named as EHN, EHT and EHA, respectively. The solubility of hydrolysates was significantly higher than that of HDL, especially that of EHA significantly increased from 7.69% to 27.54% when it was hydrolyzed for 1.5 h. The emulsifying properties of EHT, EHA and EHN exhibited an increase trend as a function of hydrolysis time and reached the peak values at 3.5, 1.5 and 3.5 h, respectively. This improvement was attributed to the generation of soluble peptides fragments and the exposure of ionizable residues. At different pH, temperatures and ionic strengths, the stability of emulsions stabilized by hydrolysates was higher than that of HDL, especially for emulsions prepared by EHT. These findings might indicate feasible guidance to broaden the application of HDL and enzymatic hydrolysates in emulsions.


Assuntos
Gema de Ovo , Lipoproteínas HDL , Animais , Galinhas , Emulsões , Feminino , Hidrólise , Hidrolisados de Proteína
2.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126710, 2022 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34332479

RESUMO

The particulate matter (PM) in livestock houses, one of the primary sources of atmospheric PM, is not only detrimental to the respiratory health of animals and farmworkers but also poses a threat to the public environment and public health and warrants increased attention. In this study, we investigated the variation in the pulmonary microbiome and metabolome in broiler chickens exposed to PM collected from a broiler house. We examined the pulmonary microbiome and metabolome in broilers, observing that PM induced a visible change in α and ß diversity. A total of 66 differential genera, including unclassified_f_Ruminococcaceae and Campylobacter, were associated with pulmonary inflammation. Untargeted metabolomics was utilised to identify 63 differential metabolites induced by PM and correlated with differential bacteria. We observed that PM resulted in injury of the broiler lung and disruption of the microbial community, as well as causing changes in the observed metabolites. These results imply that perturbations to the microbiome and metabolome may play pivotal roles in the mechanism underlying PM-induced broiler lung damage.


Assuntos
Metaboloma , Microbiota , Animais , Galinhas , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Pulmão , Material Particulado/toxicidade
3.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 264: 120236, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358781

RESUMO

Authors performed investigation on "antigen-antibody" interaction of chicken infectious bronchitis coronavirus (IBV) by a method based on the surface plasmon resonance (SPR). Presence of space-size effect related to a difference between antigen and antibody particle sizes has been theoretically grounded and experimentally proven. Herewith, the difference between responses of the SPR-sensor to specific and non-specific interactions is considerably less (up to 6.3 times) than the expected one (8 - 11 times). An impact of functionalization of sensor's sensitive element surface, as well as acidity of buffer solution on the activity of antigen-antibody interaction was studied here. The difference between sensor's responses to specific and non-specific interactions increased two-fold from 200 to 432ang sec due to this treatment. When changing the acidity of analyzed solution from pH7.3 to pH6.8, the corresponding difference between sensor's responses increased by 6.3 times from 194 up to 1235ang.sec. Thus, an impact of space-size effect on interaction between IBV antigen and specific antibody can be considerably (almost in 3 times) decreased by reducing the acidity of used buffer solution. The results of our investigation can be successfully applied to develop new methods for detection of pathogens and specific antibodies using SPR.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Vírus da Bronquite Infecciosa , Animais , Anticorpos , Galinhas , Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície
4.
Food Chem ; 366: 130596, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293545

RESUMO

Clarification of the mechanism of heat-induced gel formation by proteins under natural food systems could provide important references for the regulation of food texture. In the present study, the proteins involved in the early stage (heating at 72 °C for 8 min) of egg-white thermal gel (EWG) formation were studied quantitatively through comparative proteomic analysis. We discovered that the abundance of ovalbumin and ovomucoid increased significantly (p < 0.01), whereas that of ovotransferrin, lysozyme, ovomucin (mucin 5B and mucin 6) decreased significantly (p < 0.01), in the supernatant of EWG. If the initial interaction of egg white proteins was altered by ultrasonic pretreatment, the abundance of ovomucin and lysozyme in the supernatant of EWG increased, and was accompanied by the change from a solid gel to a fluid gel. Based on these results, we hypothesize that ovomucin has a key role in the formation and regulation of EWG properties.


Assuntos
Ovomucina , Proteômica , Animais , Galinhas , Conalbumina , Proteínas do Ovo , Ovalbumina
5.
Food Chem ; 366: 130636, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34314929

RESUMO

The study aimed to determine the efficiency of advanced chelate compounds-based trace minerals (OTM) in laying hens. Laying hens (240, 32 weeks old) were assigned to one of the following five groups: NOTM (no added trace minerals), CONTM (standard mineral salts), and three experimental groups in which chelates were used to replace 33, 66, and 100% of mineral salts (OTM33, OTM66, and OTM100, respectively). Each treatment had six replicates with eight hens per replicate. After 18 weeks, performance and physicochemical properties of eggs in all experimental groups was better than those in the NOTM group. Among the treatments, OTM66 and OTM100 produced the best results in terms of laying performance, yolk PUFA/SFA ratio, Zn and Se contents, and malondialdehyde concentration in both serum and yolk. In conclusion, up to 66% OTM supplementation was beneficial for performance, lipid and mineral composition of yolk, and oxidative status.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Ácidos Graxos , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Dieta , Suplementos Nutricionais , Gema de Ovo/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Feminino , Minerais/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo
6.
Food Chem ; 367: 130663, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343810

RESUMO

Effects of high internal phase emulsion (HIPE) stabilized by egg yolk-modified starch complex on the gelling properties of chicken gels with or without sodium chloride (NaCl)/sodium tripolyphosphate (TP) were studied. The addition of 30 % HIPE increased the hardness from 376 g to 590 g. The NaCl addition further improved textural and viscoelastic properties compared with the gels without NaCl. 30 % HIPE-filled gels with salts (NaCl and TP) has the highest hardness (3562 g) and the lowest cooking loss (3.41 %). Fourier transform infrared spectra (FTIR) revealed that salts, especially TP, could promote the transition of α-helices to ß-sheets structure. Moreover, the chicken gels with TP had higher acyl chain disorder. In summary, the co-addition of HIPE and salt (NaCl/TP) has a positive effect on the formation of chicken gel, thereby providing potential applications in comminuted meat products.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Produtos da Carne , Animais , Emulsões , Géis , Produtos da Carne/análise , Sais
7.
Food Chem ; 366: 130712, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343953

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of selenium enrichment on the gel properties and gastrointestinal digestive properties of egg white. Results of texture profile analysis, scanning electron microscopy and differential scanning calorimetry showed that the heat-induced gel of selenium-enriched egg white (EW-2) exhibited higher gel strength, smoother microstructure, and higher thermal denaturation temperature than ordinary egg white (EW-1), which might be due to the change of ovomucin and ovotransferrin content. The gastrointestinal digestive products of the EW-2 protein contained a higher proportion of small peptides and more free amino acids than those of EW-1. Results of oxygen radical absorbance capacity and cellular antioxidant activity assays indicated that digestive products of the EW-2 protein exhibited stronger antioxidant activity than those of the EW-1 protein. In summary, Se enrichment improved heat-induced gel properties of egg white, and promoted the gastrointestinal digestion of egg white protein.


Assuntos
Selênio , Animais , Galinhas , Digestão , Feminino , Temperatura Alta , Saccharomyces cerevisiae
8.
Food Chem ; 367: 130680, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34348198

RESUMO

This study investigated the effect of different types of smoking materials on the flavor, heterocyclic aromatic amine (HAA) content, and sensory attributes of smoked chicken drumsticks. All smoked samples showed lower pH and L*-value and higher a*-value and b*-value than the control sample (P < 0.05), but no significant differences in water content and water activity (P > 0.05). The samples smoked with sucrose combined with pear-tree woodchips (SP) or green tea leaves (ST) had higher overall acceptability than other samples (P < 0.05). Smoking increased the total HAA content, and the ST sample exhibited the highest total HAA content (P < 0.05). A total of 54 volatile compounds was identified. Overall, SP and ST are suitable for smoked chicken considering the sensory properties, while S and SA are proper for smoked chicken considering the minimization of HAAs, which may provide a theory basis for the production of smoked chicken.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Compostos Heterocíclicos , Aminas/análise , Animais , Fumaça , Fumar
9.
Food Chem ; 367: 130688, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365246

RESUMO

The effective strategy of pH-shifting to improve the emulsifying properties of myofibrillar proteins (MPs) extracted from pale, soft and exudative (PSE)-like chicken was investigated. To determine the mechanism of improvement, changes on structural and physicochemical properties were clarified by tracing the difference driven by unfolding-refolding process. According to the results of tryptophan fluorescence intensity and circular dichroism spectroscopy, it is found that unfolding-refolding process markedly changed MPs secondary and tertiary structure. The atomic force microscopy images showed MPs appeared to have fibrous-like appearance at pH 7.0, however, exhibited as spherical shape after pH-shifting. Both emulsifying activity index and emulsifying stability index increased after pH-shifting. These results systematically illustrated the changes on structural and emulsion properties of MPs during unfolding-refolding process. It proved that the strategy pH 11.0-7.0 could more effectively promote MPs emulsifying properties, whose mechanism was simultaneously the transformation in MPs structure and potentially formation of highly-soluble particle.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Animais , Dicroísmo Circular , Emulsões
10.
Theriogenology ; 177: 84-93, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34687940

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are ∼22 nt RNAs that direct post-transcriptional repression of mRNA targets in diverse eukaryotic lineages. Granulosa cells (GCs) are the earliest differentiated follicular somatic cells. From the initiation of primordial follicles, their differentiation and growth are closely related to the development of follicles. The research on follicular development mostly focused on the granular layer, as well as the hormone synthesis induced by granulosa cell differentiation before and after follicular selection. In this study, we evaluated the effects of miR-23b-3p on chicken granulosa cells, including granulosa cell proliferation and steroid hormone synthesis. Elevated expression of miR-23b-3p significantly inhibited granulosa cell proliferation and steroid hormone synthesis, but did not affect apoptosis. Furthermore, it was observed that the forecast growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) is a target gene of miR-23b-3p and miR-23b-3p can down-regulate expression of GDF9. Overall, this study demonstrated that miR-23b-3p can regulate the proliferation and steroid hormone synthesis of chicken granulosa cells by inhibiting the expression of GDF9.


Assuntos
Fator 9 de Diferenciação de Crescimento , MicroRNAs , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Galinhas/genética , Feminino , Fator 9 de Diferenciação de Crescimento/genética , Hormônios , MicroRNAs/genética , Esteroides
11.
Food Chem ; 371: 131134, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656920

RESUMO

Widespread use of traditional packaging constitutes a serious ecological problem leading to a shift to biodegradable and compostable materials. The aim of this work is to study the ability of a new biopackaging (BP), based on biodegradable and compostable material, to preserve the quality of organic chicken meat for 14 days in comparison with a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) material. Results showed that the indices of Biogenic Amines (BAs) and the 18 monitored Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) have a similar trend in both packaged meats. For example, the total BAs concentration in meat increased from 390 to 961 mg Kg-1 in BP and from 393 to 800 mg Kg-1 in PET, as well as the microbiological counts. The new biopackaging (BP) showed similar properties of non-biodegradable material (PET) to preserve the shelf life of organic chicken meat and it could be used instead of plastic materials to promote a circular economy.


Assuntos
Embalagem de Alimentos , Conservação de Alimentos , Animais , Galinhas , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Carne/análise
12.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 361: 109446, 2022 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742146

RESUMO

Clostridium perfringens is one of the most important foodborne pathogens in developed countries. It causes severe food poisoning outbreaks worldwide, along with mortality and economic losses. Recently, bacteriophages have been investigated as an alternative tool to control pathogenic bacteria in the food industry. In this study, 19 Clostridium perfringens and 6 Clostridium perfringens bacteriophages were isolated from chicken meat. According to host range and stability tests, bacteriophage CPQ1 showed high thermostability and the broadest host range. The electron micrograph image of this bacteriophage suggested that it belongs to the Picovirinae subfamily of the Podoviridae family. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the genomic DNA indicated the absence of any antibiotic resistance, toxin, or virulence genes. In broth, CPQ1 showed strong lytic activity with a low MOI of 1, decreasing the OD600 of Clostridium perfringens cell suspension from 0.2 to 0.02 at 37 °C in 2 h. In pasteurized milk and chicken meat, CPQ1 with an MOI of 10 also caused a significant decrease in viable counts of Clostridium perfringens compared to the bacteriophageless control at both 24 °C and 37 °C. This is the first report on the application of bacteriophage to control Clostridium perfringens in foods.


Assuntos
Bacteriófagos , Clostridium perfringens , Animais , Bacteriófagos/genética , Galinhas , Carne , Leite
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 803: 150017, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500278

RESUMO

Circular economy principle aims to achieve sustainable production systems, focusing on the waste valorisation and the reduction of gaseous losses to the atmosphere. Nitrogen (N) compounds in terms of ammonia (NH3) and nitrous oxide (N2O) represent the major losses to the atmosphere of laying hen manure management chain. We present a study aimed to evaluate NH3 and N2O emission and mitigation strategies at housing, storage and land spreading stages. The whole manure management chain was evaluated under different scenarios which combined mitigation strategies of each stage. Two intensive laying hen facilities were involved in the study. Evaluated mitigation strategies were: (i) frequency of manure removal from housing facility, (ii) dried manure storage after passing throughout a manure drying tunnel (MDT) compared to fresh manure storage and (iii) fresh or dried manure incorporation versus surface land application. Increasing the frequency of manure removal from 4 days to 1/3 daily, reduced N losses around 68%. Dried manure storage achieved around 75% reduction in N losses compared to fresh manure storage. Spreading dried manure on grassland surface reduced ≈77% NH3 losses in relation to the emission level reached by fresh manure. The reduction was similar when dried manure was incorporated compared to surface application of fresh manure (≈79%). A 40% reduction in N losses was achieved using the MDT compared to no drying strategy. In the whole manure management chain, the combination of strategies that most reduced N losses was: removal frequency of 1/3 daily, dry storage after passing through the MDT and incorporated land application. These strategies reduced N losses between 40 and 60% compared to the 4 days of removal frequency, fresh storage and surface application of fresh manure.


Assuntos
Esterco , Óxido Nitroso , Amônia/análise , Animais , Galinhas , Fazendas , Feminino , Óxido Nitroso/análise
14.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 200(1): 318-329, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33704669

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is a harmful heavy metal pollutant, which can cause oxidative stress in the body and induce cell damage. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) is a general term for substances that contain oxygen and are active in the body. However, excessive ROS can damage the body. Cadmium poisoning can cause a large amount of ROS in cells and autophagy. Astragalus polysaccharide (APS) is a plant polysaccharide with biological functions, such as antioxidant and anti-stress activities. In this study, chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEF) were used to determine the relationship between ROS and autophagy damage of Cd-infected cells and the mechanism of APS on cadmium-induced autophagy damage. The results showed that a 10-µL dose of 10 µmol/L cadmium chloride (CdCl2) can induce CEF autophagy and damage when CEF was added for 36 h. Cadmium induced CEF autophagy damage by increasing ROS production. APS could significantly reduce ROS production and LC3-II and Beclin-1 protein expression, increase the expression of mTOR and the level of antioxidation, and restore the viability and morphological damage of CEF exposed to Cd. Our study suggests that APS can alleviate Cd-induced CEF autophagy damage by reducing the production of ROS.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Galinhas , Animais , Autofagia , Cádmio/toxicidade , Embrião de Galinha , Fibroblastos , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
15.
J Hazard Mater ; 422: 126749, 2022 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34390953

RESUMO

Although (-)-α-hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD) and (+)-γ-HBCDD are preferentially enriched in chickens, the key factors contributing to their selective bioaccumulation in hens and their potential biotransformation in developing chicken embryos remain unclear. Herein, in vivo and in ovo exposure experiments using hens and fertilized eggs were conducted to investigate the absorption, excretion, and biotransformation of HBCDDs in chickens. γ-HBCDD (76%) exhibited a higher absorption efficiency than α- (22%) and ß- (69%) HBCDDs. However, α-HBCDD was dominant in hen tissues, although γ-HBCDD accounted for >75% in the spiked feed. Moreover, chicken embryos biotransformed approximately 9.5% and 11.7% of absorbed α- and γ-HBCDDs, respectively, implying that diastereomer-selective elimination causes the predominance of α-HBCDD in hens. The concentration and enantiomer fraction (EF) of α-HBCDD in laid eggs were significantly positively correlated, suggesting enantioselective elimination. The EFs of α- and γ-HBCDDs varied between feces from the exposure and depuration periods, indicating the preferred excretion of (+)-α- and (-)-γ-HBCDDs. Furthermore, the enantioselective biotransformation of (-)-γ-HBCDD was confirmed in developing chicken embryos. These results show that excretion and biotransformation contribute to the diastereomer- and enantiomer-selective bioaccumulation of HBCDDs in chickens; The results may improve our understanding of the environmental fate and ecological risks of HBCDDs in biota.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Animais , Bioacumulação , Biotransformação , Embrião de Galinha , Feminino , Hidrocarbonetos Bromados , Estereoisomerismo
16.
Food Chem ; 369: 130934, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488131

RESUMO

The egg yolk immunoglobulin (IgY) loaded chitosan-liposomes (IgY-CS-LP) were prepared and assisted by supercritical carbon dioxide (SCCO2). The effects of phospholipid type and SCCO2 pressure on particle size, zeta potential, encapsulation efficiency, structural properties and stabilities were investigated. The results showed that the liposomes prepared by egg yolk phosphatidylcholine (EPC) had better homogeneity and higher encapsulation rate than those by soybean phosphatidylcholine (SPC). With the increase in critical pressure, the particle size decreased dramatically and became more uniform. Under pressure of 20 MPa, it showed a preferable stability on IgY-CS-LP and superior encapsulation efficiency of IgY (76.85%). Besides, IgY could be wrapped in the phospholipid layer which has strong interaction with chitosan. The results suggested that chitosan liposome complex could form an effective carrier for IgY with method of SCCO2, which can solve the problem of IgY inactivation in vivo, so as to enhance human immunity and other effects.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Gema de Ovo , Animais , Dióxido de Carbono , Galinhas , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas , Lipossomos
17.
Theriogenology ; 177: 29-33, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656834

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of supplementing Lake extender with cysteamine (CYS) on rooster semen quality in cold storage and it's fertility performance. Semen samples were diluted with Lake extender supplemented with different concentrations of CYS (0, 1, 2, 4 and 8 mM) and were cooled and stored at 5 °C for a period of 46 h. Motility, membrane functionality, viability, lipid peroxidation, and mitochondria membrane potential were evaluated at 0, 23 and 46 h of storage. Fertility was assessed at 23 h of storage. Although at the beginning time (0 h), parameters were not affected, 1 mM of CYS improved (P ≤ 0.05) total motility, progressive motility and mitochondria membrane potential during 23 and 46 h storage. Moreover, 1 and 2 mM CYS improved (P ≤ 0.05) membrane functionality and viability compared to other groups. Lipid peroxidation was lower (P ≤ 0.05) in samples diluted with 1 and 2 mM CYS compared to the others. Artificial insemination with 23-hrs cooled-stored semen produced the higher (P ≤ 0.05) fertility rate in groups received 1 and 2 mM CYS compared to the control group. In conclusion, addition of 1 and 2 mM CYS to the extender could be helpful to protect rooster semen against structural and functional damages of cooling storage process.


Assuntos
Preservação do Sêmen , Sêmen , Animais , Galinhas , Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Cisteamina/farmacologia , Fertilidade , Masculino , Análise do Sêmen/veterinária , Preservação do Sêmen/veterinária , Motilidade Espermática , Espermatozoides
18.
Food Chem ; 370: 131006, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509144

RESUMO

The contents and profiles of small molecules in a food can provide information about quality-related properties. Processing methods and deterioration during storage, e.g. from bacterial proliferation and degradation, might also lead to changes in the metabolome, which can be determined by mass spectrometry-based metabolomics. By measuring as many metabolites as possible in differently treated pre-cooked chicken fillets in an untargeted approach, we studied individual and combined effects of vacuum packaging (VP), soluble gas stabilisation (SGS), high pressure processing (HPP), and microwave volumetric heating (MW) on the quality and shelf-life of the finished product. The extensive dataset was processed using an optimised workflow of consecutive software tools with stringent statistical analysis to prevent over-interpretation, which is an inherent risk of metabolomics data. Our results showed the predominant influence of VP on storage quality since SGS, HPP, and MW did not have the potential to extent shelf-life.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Culinária , Animais , Embalagem de Alimentos , Metabolômica , Controle de Qualidade , Fluxo de Trabalho
19.
Food Chem ; 370: 130989, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509944

RESUMO

In order to help the poultry industry to generate higher quality products, the headspace-gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (HS-GC-IMS) technique was used to identify volatile substances formed during the processing of Dezhou braised chicken (DBC). A total of 37 volatile substances including aldehydes, alcohols, ketones, esters, terpenoids, furans and pyrazines were identified during DBC processing across seven sampling stages. The analyses identified 2-ethylhexanol as a key flavor chemical within the chicken carcasses, and found that ethyl acetate, 1-hexanol, 4-methyl-2-pentanone and 1-pentanol were mainly produced during the deep-frying stage of processing. Stewing with herbs and spices was found to be an important stage in the flavor impartation process. 2-Butanone, n-nonanal, heptanal and ethanol were positively related to processing stage 3, whereas processing stage 4 was characterized by ethyl propanoate, benzaldehyde, butyl acetate, 2-pentyl furan and 2-heptanone. The processing stages 5, 6 and 7 were not significantly different (P > 0.05) from each other.


Assuntos
Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Animais , Galinhas , Aromatizantes , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Espectrometria de Mobilidade Iônica , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
20.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 200(1): 348-353, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33580353

RESUMO

An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of supplementation of zinc in the diet in the form of nano zinc oxide (nano ZnO) on the performance of broilers. A total of 240 day-old commercial broiler chicks were distributed in a completely randomized design into 6 treatments with 8 replicates of 5 chicks each. Treatments comprised of T1- basal diet (BD) without ZnO supplementation, T2- 2.5 ppm ZnO, T3- 5 ppm ZnO, T4- 10 ppm ZnO, T5- 20 ppm ZnO, and T6- 40 ppm inorganic ZnO. The results revealed that supplementation of nano ZnO at 2.5 ppm recorded significantly (P < 0.05) higher body weight gain, feed intake, and better feed conversion ratio (FCR) compared to control and other treatment groups at 42 days of age. All dietary treatments failed to exert any significant (P > 0.05) effect on various carcass parameters (dressing percentage, abdominal fat, giblet yields), serum protein and cholesterol concentrations, and meat quality parameters (water holding capacity and pH) of broiler chicken at 42 days of age. Finally, it could be concluded that supplementation of nano ZnO at 2.5 ppm improved the performance of broilers.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Óxido de Zinco , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Dieta/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais , Carne/análise , Óxido de Zinco/farmacologia
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