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1.
BMC Ecol Evol ; 23(1): 2, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658479

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reconstructing phylogenetic relationships with genomic data remains a challenging endeavor. Numerous phylogenomic studies have reported incongruent gene trees when analyzing different genomic regions, complicating the search for a 'true' species tree. Some authors have argued that genomic regions of increased divergence (i.e. differentiation islands) reflect the species tree, although other studies have shown that these regions might produce misleading topologies due to species-specific selective sweeps or ancient introgression events. In this study, we tested the extent to which highly differentiated loci can resolve phylogenetic relationships in the Bean Goose complex, a group of goose taxa that includes the Taiga Bean Goose (Anser fabalis), the Tundra Bean Goose (Anser serrirostris) and the Pink-footed Goose (Anser brachyrhynchus). RESULTS: First, we show that a random selection of genomic loci-which mainly samples the undifferentiated regions of the genome-results in an unresolved species complex with a monophyletic A. brachyrhynchus embedded within a paraphyletic cluster of A. fabalis and A. serrirostris. Next, phylogenetic analyses of differentiation islands converged upon a topology of three monophyletic clades in which A. brachyrhynchus is sister to A. fabalis, and A. serrirostris is sister to the clade uniting these two species. Close inspection of the locus trees within the differentiated regions revealed that this topology was consistently supported over other phylogenetic arrangements. As it seems unlikely that selection or introgression events have impacted all differentiation islands in the same way, we are convinced that this topology reflects the 'true' species tree. Additional analyses, based on D-statistics, revealed extensive introgression between A. fabalis and A. serrirostris, which partly explains the failure to resolve the species complex with a random selection of genomic loci. Recent introgression between these taxa has probably erased the phylogenetic branching pattern across a large section of the genome, whereas differentiation islands were unaffected by the homogenizing gene flow and maintained the phylogenetic patterns that reflect the species tree. CONCLUSIONS: The evolution of the Bean Goose complex can be depicted as a simple bifurcating tree, but this would ignore the impact of introgressive hybridization. Hence, we advocate that the evolutionary relationships between these taxa are best represented as a phylogenetic network.


Assuntos
Gansos , Genoma , Animais , Filogenia , Gansos/genética , Genômica , Fluxo Gênico
2.
BMC Genomics ; 24(1): 24, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36647001

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Geese exhibit relatively low reproductive performance, and follicular atresia is an important factor that restricts the egg production of geese. Systematic analysis of the regulation of follicle atresia in geese through transcriptome and proteome levels could provide meaningful information on clarifying the mechanism of follicle atresia in poultry. RESULT: The granulosa cell layer was loose, disintegrated and showed apoptosis in atretic follicles and remained intact in normal follicles. The hormone levels of FSH and LH were significantly decreased in the atresia follicles compared to the normal follicles (P < 0.05). A total of 954 differentially expressed genes (DEGs, 315 increased and 639 decreased) and 161 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs, 61 increased and 100 decreased) were obtained in atresia follicles compared to normal follicles, of which, 15 genes were differentially expressed in both transcriptome and proteome. The DEGs were mainly enriched in sodium transmembrane transport, plasma membrane, and transmembrane transporter activity based on the GO enrichment analysis and in the cell cycle pathway based on the KEGG enrichment analysis. The DEPs were mainly enriched in localization, lysosome, and phospholipid-binding based on the GO enrichment analysis. Candidate genes Smad2/3, Smad4, Annexin A1 (ANXA1), Stromelysin-1 (MMP3), Serine/threonine-protein kinase (CHK1), DNA replication licensing factor (MCM3), Cyclin-A2 (CCNA2), mitotic spindle assembly checkpoint protein (MAD2), Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1), fibroblast growth factor 12 (FGF12), and G1/S-specific cyclin-D1 (CCND1) were possibly responsible for the regulation of atresia. CONCLUSION: The cell cycle is an important pathway for the regulation of follicular atresia. Sodium outflow and high expression of MMP3 and MMP9 could be responsible for structural destruction and apoptosis of follicular cells.


Assuntos
Atresia Folicular , Gansos , Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz , Animais , Feminino , Apoptose/genética , Ciclo Celular/genética , Ciclinas/genética , Ciclinas/metabolismo , Atresia Folicular/genética , Gansos/genética , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz/metabolismo , Proteoma/metabolismo , Transcriptoma
3.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 83: 1-8, 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-765456

RESUMO

During this one year study, blood and fecal samples of doves (Zenaida asiatica), ducks (Anas platyrhynchos), pigeons (Columba livia), partridges (Alectoris chukar), turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) and goose (Chen caerulescens) were collected to assess the parasitic prevalence in these birds. The birds were kept at Avian Conservation and Research Center, Department of Wildlife and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore. All these avian species were kept in separate cages and their entire body was inspected on regularly basis to record external parasites. For internal parasites, 100 blood and 100 fecal samples for each species were analyzed. During present study, two species of ectoparasites i.e. fowl ticks (Args persicus) and mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) while 17 species of endoparasites; three from blood and 14 from fecal samples were identified. Prevalence of blood parasites was Plasmodium juxtanucleare 29.3%, Aegyptinella pullorum 15% and Leucoctoyzoon simond 13%. Parasitic species recorded from fecal samples included 6 species of nematodes viz. Syngamus trachea with parasitic prevalence of 50%, Capillaria anatis 40%, Capillaria annulata 37.5%, Heterakis gallinarum 28.3%, Ascardia galli 24% and Allodpa suctoria 2%. Similarly, two species of trematodes viz. Prosthogonimus ovatus having parasitic prevalence of 12.1% and Prosthogonimus macrorchis 9.1% were also recorded from fecal samples of the birds. Single cestode species Raillietina echinobothrida having parasitic prevalence of 27% and 3 protozoan species i.e. Eimeria maxima having prevalence 20.1%, Histomonas meleagridis 8% and Giardia lamblia 5.3% were recorded. In our recommendation, proper medication and sanitation of the bird's houses and cages is recommended to avoid parasites.(AU)


Durante este estudo de um ano, amostras de sangue e fezes de pombos (Zenaida asiatica), patos (Anas platyrhynchos), pombos (Columba livia), perdizes (Alectoris chukar), perus (Meleagris gallopavo) e ganso (Chen caerulescens) foram coletados para avaliar a prevalência de parasitas nessas aves. As aves foram mantidas no Centro de Conservação e Pesquisa de Aves, Departamento de Vida Selvagem e Ecologia, Universidade de Veterinária e Ciências Animais, Lahore. Todas essas espécies de aves foram mantidas em gaiolas separadas e todo o seu corpo foi inspecionado regularmente para registrar parasitas externos. Para parasitas internos, foram analisadas 100 amostras de sangue e 100 amostras fecais de cada espécie. Durante o presente estudo, duas espécies de ectoparasitas, ou seja, carrapatos de aves (Args persicus) e ácaros (Dermanyssus gallinae), enquanto 17 espécies de endoparasitas, três de sangue e 14 de amostras fecais, foram identificadas. Os parasitas sanguíneos prevalentes foram Plasmodium juxtanucleare, 29,3%, Aegyptinella pullorum, 15%, e Leucoctoyzoon simond, 13%. As espécies parasitas registradas em amostras fecais incluíram 6 espécies de nematoides viz. Syngamus traqueia com prevalência parasitária de 50%, Capillaria anatis, 40%, Capillaria annulata, 37,5%, Heterakis gallinarum, 28,3%, Ascardia galli, 24% e Allodpa suctoria, 2%. Da mesma forma, duas espécies de trematódeos viz. Prosthogonimus ovatus com prevalência parasitária de 12,1% e Prosthogonimus macrorchis, 9,1%, também foram registrados nas amostras fecais das aves. Espécies de cestoide único Raillietina echinobothrida com prevalência parasitária de 27% e 3 espécies de protozoários, ou seja, Eimeria maxima tendo prevalência de 20,1%, Histomonas meleagridis, 8%, e Giardia lamblia, 5,3%, foram registradas. Em nossa recomendação, são indicados medicação adequada e saneamento das casas e gaiolas dos pássaros para evitar parasitas.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/sangue , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/parasitologia , Carga Parasitária/veterinária , Columbidae , Perus , Gansos
4.
Vet Microbiol ; 277: 109620, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36543090

RESUMO

Since March 2021, an infectious characterized by white necrotic foci throughout the goose body has appeared in the major goose-producing regions in China. This disease has caused economic hardship for goose farms in many regions of China with approximately 50 % mortality. A novel goose-origin orthoreovirus was isolated from the spleen of diseased geese and designated as N-GRV/HN/Goose/2021/China (N-GRV-HN21) strain. Next-generation sequencing and phylogenetic analysis revealed that the isolate was a reassortant virus containing viral gene segments from three ARV serotypes that infect duck, muscovy duck, and goose. Geese infection test showed that both N-GRV-HN21-infected and contacted geese displayed whole-body white necrotic foci. N-GRV RNA was detected in different organs of both infected and contacted geese, indicating that the N-GRV isolate is pathogenic and transmissible in geese. Seroconversion was also observed in experimentally infected and contacted geese. A prevalence study of 323 goose serum samples collected from different goose breeding areas showed that 86 % of the geese were positive for N-GRV. In conclusion, all results warrant the necessity to monitor orthoreovirus epidemiology and reassortment as the orthoreovirus could be an important pathogen for the waterfowl industry and a novel orthoreovirus might emerge to threaten animal and public health.


Assuntos
Orthoreovirus Aviário , Orthoreovirus , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Infecções por Reoviridae , Animais , Orthoreovirus/genética , Filogenia , Virulência , Infecções por Reoviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Reoviridae/veterinária , China/epidemiologia , Necrose/veterinária , Patos , Recombinação Genética , Gansos , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/epidemiologia
5.
Poult Sci ; 102(2): 102343, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36476679

RESUMO

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of citric acid (CA) supplementation on growth performance, intestinal morphology, intestinal microbiota, and blood parameters of geese from 1 to 28 d of age and evaluate the optimum additional level of citric acid. A total of 180 one-day-old male goslings were randomly allotted to 5 treatment groups of 36 birds with 6 replications. The control group was fed a basal diet, and the other groups were fed the basal diet supplemented with 0.25, 0.50, 1.00, and 2.00% of citric acid, respectively. The results showed that goslings fed the diet supplemented with 1.00% CA had higher final body weight (FBW) and average daily gain (ADG) than other groups (P < 0.05). The CA supplementation at 0.25 to 1.00% improved the morphology of duodenum or jejunum (P < 0.05). The jejunal content pH value was significantly reduced with the addition of CA compared with the control group (P < 0.05). As citric acid levels increased, the IgA concentrations in plasma increased and then decreased, and the goslings fed 1.00% CA supplementation had the highest IgA concentrations (P < 0.05). The supplementation of 1.00% and 2.00% CA in diet significantly reduced the malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration in plasma (P < 0.05). No significant difference was found on some indices related to liver function in plasma (P > 0.05), while creatinine significantly increased by the 2.00% CA supplementation (P < 0.05). Besides, the higher Coliform level in cecal content and worse intestinal morphology were observed when CA supplementation was up to 2.00%. Hence, the dietary CA supplementation (especially 1.00%) in goslings improves the growth performance, intestinal morphology, immunity and antioxidant, while excessive CA addition may cause negative effects. According to the quadratic polynomial model, the addition of CA in diet for obtaining maximum average daily feed intake (ADFI) should be 1.09% (10.9 g/kg diet) for goslings from 1 to 28 d of age.


Assuntos
Gansos , Microbiota , Animais , Masculino , Ácido Cítrico , Galinhas , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Dieta/veterinária , Imunoglobulina A , Ração Animal/análise
6.
Poult Sci ; 102(2): 102382, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36535114

RESUMO

T-2 toxin is a dangerous natural pollutant and widely exists in animal feed, often causing toxic damage to poultry, such as slow growth and development, immunosuppression, and death. Although geese are considered the most sensitive poultry to T-2 toxin, the exact damage caused by T-2 toxin to geese is elusive. In the present study, a total of forty two 1-day-old healthy Yangzhou male goslings were randomly allotted seven diets contaminated with 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0, or 2.0 mg/kg T-2 toxin for 21 d, and the effects of T-2 toxin exposure on growth performance, feather quality, tibia development, and blood parameters were investigated. The results showed that T-2 toxin exposure significantly inhibited feed intake, body weight gain, shank length growth, and organ development (e.g., ileum, cecum, liver, spleen, bursa, and tibia) in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, the more serious feathering abnormalities and feather damage were observed in goslings exposed to a high dose of T-2 toxin (0.8, 1.0, and 2.0 mg/kg), which were mainly sparsely covered with short, dry, rough, curly, and gloss-free feathers on the back. We also found that hypertrophic chondrocytes of the tibial growth plate exhibited abnormal morphology and nuclear consolidation or loss, accompanied by necrosis and excessive apoptosis under 2.0 mg/kg T-2 toxin exposure. Moreover, 2.0 mg/kg T-2 toxin exposure triggered erythropenia, thrombocytosis, alanine aminotransferase, and aspartate aminotransferase activity, as well as high blood urea nitrogen, uric acid, and lactic dehydrogenase levels. Collectively, these data indicate that T-2 toxin had an adverse effect on the growth performance, feather quality, and tibia development, and caused liver and kidney damage and abnormal blood parameters in Yangzhou goslings, providing crucial information toward the prevention and control of T-2 toxin contamination in poultry feed.


Assuntos
Plumas , Toxina T-2 , Animais , Masculino , Gansos , Toxina T-2/toxicidade , Tíbia , Galinhas , Dieta , Ração Animal/análise
7.
Poult Sci ; 102(2): 102396, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36565640

RESUMO

Goose astrovirus (GoAstV), goose parvovirus (GPV), and goose circovirus (GoCV) infections have similar symptoms, such as severe diarrhea, and cause serious economic losses to the goose industry globally. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a rapid and accurate method for the differential diagnosis of the 3 viruses. In this study, a TaqMan probe-based multiplex reverse transcription-qualitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) method was established and optimized for simultaneous detection of the three viruses. Three pairs of specific primers and probes were designed considering the conserved sequences of ORF2, VP3, and Rep of GoAstV, GPV, and GoCV, respectively. Singleplex real-time RT-qPCR detected a minimum of 10 copies of these genes, while multiplex real-time RT-qPCR detected a minimum of 100 copies. The correlation coefficients exceeded 0.99, and the amplification efficiency was 80 to 100%. The assay had high sensitivity, specificity, and repeatability. In 85 tissue samples, GoAstV and GPV were the main pathogens and demonstrated co-infection. This assay provides a rapid, efficient, specific, and sensitive tool for the detection of GoAstV, GPV, and GoCV. This can facilitate disease management and epidemiological surveillance.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Parvovirinae , Animais , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Gansos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/veterinária , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos
8.
Poult Sci ; 102(2): 102362, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36566658

RESUMO

This experiment investigated the effects of different dietary starch sources on the growth and glucose metabolism of geese. A total of 240 healthy 35-day-old male geese were selected and randomly divided into 4 groups, with 6 replicates per group and 10 geese per replicate. Four types of diets were prepared, with glutinous rice (rapidly-digestible starch), corn, indica rice and high amylose as their starch sources, and fed for 28 d. Results showed that after consuming different feeds, the blood glucose of geese first increased and then decreased, reaching its maximum value 0.5 h after feeding, and there were significant differences between the groups (P < 0.05). The body weight of the corn and indica rice group geese at 63 d was higher than that of the high amylose group (P < 0.05). The serum total cholesterol (TCHO) content in the glutinous rice and corn groups was higher than in the high amylose group (P < 0.05). The serum insulin content in the glutinous rice group was lower than in the corn and high amylose groups (P < 0.05), while the glucagon content was higher (P < 0.05). The α-amylase activities of the pancreas, jejunal chyme, and jejunal mucosa in the glutinous rice group were higher than in the indica rice and high amylose groups (P < 0.05). The liver glycogen content in the glutinous rice group was higher than the other groups (P < 0.05). The liver glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) content in the glutinous rice group was higher than the high amylose group's (P < 0.05), but the glycogen synthase kinase-3 ß (GSK-3ß) content was lower (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the corn and indica rice diets had a positive effect on the growth performance of the geese, while the high amylose diet had a negative effect. The glutinous rice diet leads to rapid release of glucose, strengthening glucose metabolism pathways such as glycogen synthesis and the pentose phosphate pathway, and further influencing lipid metabolism.


Assuntos
Amilose , Oryza , Masculino , Animais , Amilose/metabolismo , Amilose/farmacologia , Gansos/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta , Galinhas/metabolismo , Amido/metabolismo , Carboidratos da Dieta , Glucose
9.
Poult Sci ; 102(2): 102395, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36571878

RESUMO

The investigation aimed to explore the suitable amino acid (AA) supplementation pattern for goslings under low-protein diets. A total of 364 1-day-old male goslings were randomly divided into 4 experimental groups, with 7 pens containing 13 goslings each. The 4 groups were control (CP, 18.55%), LPM (CP, 15.55% + major AA), LPA (CP, 15.55% + all AA), and LPR (CP, 15.55% + AA content reduced proportionally to the control's CP). The corn-soybean meal diets are formulated according to the ideal AA model of goose and its nutritional requirements. The results indicated that the ADG and BW were the lowest, and the F: G was the highest in LPR (P < 0.05); the other three groups were not significantly different (P > 0.05). The ADFI and mortality were not different among all the groups (P > 0.05). Among the AA content in serum and breast muscle, lysine in serum significantly decreased compared with the control (P < 0.05). The UREA content was approximately 2-fold higher in the LPR group than in the LPM and LPA groups (P < 0.05). No difference in IgA, IgG, IgM, and IgE levels was observed among the groups (P > 0.05). The nitrogen excretion was decreased in LPM and LPA compared to the control and LPR (P < 0.05). Nitrogen deposition did not differ among groups (P > 0.05). Nitrogen utilization was highest in the LPA and LPM groups, followed by the control group and LPR (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the patterns of supplementation of major AA and all AA in low-protein diets (CP, 15.55%) had no adverse effect on the growth performance compared with the control (CP, 18.55%) of the goslings. Besides, the two patterns could decrease nitrogen excretion and increase nitrogen utilization. Furthermore, from the perspective of dietary cost and environmental protection, the pattern of supplementing major AA in a corn-soybean meal low-protein diet is suggested.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos , Dieta com Restrição de Proteínas , Animais , Masculino , Dieta com Restrição de Proteínas/veterinária , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Gansos/metabolismo , Galinhas/metabolismo , Dieta/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Ração Animal/análise , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal , Proteínas na Dieta
10.
Poult Sci ; 102(2): 102424, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36571876

RESUMO

The study aimed to determine the technological and sensory properties of the breast and thigh muscles of geese from the Polish native varieties: Kartuska (Ka) and Suwalska (Su) (from northern Poland) as well as Lubelska (Lu) and Kielecka (Ki) (from southern Poland). The color parameters: L*, a*, b*, ΔE, C, h°, total heme pigments (THPs), and share of myoglobin (Mb), metmyoglobin (MMb), and oxymyoglobin (MbO2) in muscles were determined. In terms of technological properties, the following were determined: pH24, water-binding capacity (WBC), water-holding capacity (WHC), cooking (CL), and roasting losses (RL). In addition, a sensory evaluation of the raw meat color was performed. In roasted meat, a sensory evaluation and texture profile analysis (TPA) were carried out, as well as the shear force (SF) and chemical composition were determined. Roasted muscles of varieties native to northern Poland (Ka and Su) were higher in lipids (P≤0.05) than the muscles of southern varieties (Lu and Ki). Ka meat had the highest protein content, and Lu meat had the lowest (P≤0.05). The raw muscle color sensory evaluation results, the THP, and the L* and ΔE values indicated that the darkest color among the studied genotypes were the Ka muscles, and the lightest was Ki meat (P≤0.05). Lu's muscles are distinguished by better usability for processing and culinary purposes than the muscles of the other genotypes due to high pH24, WBC, WHC, and low RL and CL of thigh muscles, as well as high WHC and low RLs of the breast muscles (P≤0.05). Due to the tenderness, juiciness, and high general evaluation (P≤0.05), the best sensory features among the studied genotypes were found in the Ka breast and thigh muscles. The low SF value proved the higher tenderness of Ka geese muscles.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Gansos , Animais , Gansos/genética , Polônia , Músculo Esquelético , Carne/análise , Culinária
11.
Ugeskr Laeger ; 184(50)2022 Dec 12.
Artigo em Dinamarquês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36510805

RESUMO

This case report investigate a 61-year-old healthy man who, during a Christmas goose-shooting, got repeated punches on the right breast region, owing to a defective shotgun stock. The initial suggilations and haematomas disappeared in three weeks, but after three months a tender enlargement of the periareolar area developed. Mammography and sonography showed typical right gynaecomastia. History, andrologial examination and biochemistry disclosed no explanation. It was concluded that a traumatic aetiology of the gynaecomastia was most likely. During the next year, the clinical signs regressed somewhat, but control sonography showed leftovers of ductal tissue, and the bird shooter has become reconciled with his "goose breast".


Assuntos
Gansos , Ginecomastia , Masculino , Animais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mama , Ginecomastia/diagnóstico , Mamografia/efeitos adversos
12.
BMC Genomics ; 23(1): 821, 2022 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36510127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hungarian white goose has excellent down production performance and was introduced to China in 2010. The growth and development of feather follicles has an important impact on down production. Goose feather follicles can be divided into primary and secondary feather follicles, both of which originate in the embryonic stage. Msx2 (Msh Homeobox 2) plays a regulatory role in tissues and organs such as eyes, teeth, bones and skin. However, its regulatory mechanism on goose feather follicles development remains unclear. RESULTS: Msx2 gene first increased, then decreased and increased at the end (E13, E18, E23, E28) during embryonic feather follicle development, and the expression level was the highest at E18. The pEGFP-N1-Msx2 overexpression vector and si-Msx2 siRNA vector were constructed to transfect goose embryo dermal fibroblasts. The results showed that the cell viability of ov-Msx2 group was significantly increased, and the gene expression levels of FGF5 and TGF-ß1 genes were significantly down-regulated (P < 0.05), the expressions of PCNA, Bcl2, CDK1, FOXN1 and KGF genes were significantly up-regulated (P < 0.05). After transfection of siRNA vector, the cell viability of the si-Msx2 group was significantly decreased (P < 0.01) compared with the si-NC group. TGF-ß1 expression was significantly up-regulated (P < 0.05), FGF5 expression was extremely significantly up-regulated (P < 0.01), while PCNA, Bcl2, CDK1, FOXN1 and KGF gene expression was significantly down-regulated (P < 0.05). High-throughput sequencing technology was used to mine the exon SNPs of Msx2. A total of 11 SNP loci were screened, four of the SNPs located in exon 1 were missense mutations. The feather follicle diameter of the GC genotype at the G78C site is significantly larger than that of the other two genotypes. CONCLUSIONS: Msx2 maybe inhibit the apoptosis of goose dermal fibroblasts and promotes their proliferation. G78C can be used as a potential molecular marker for downy Variety.


Assuntos
Gansos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Animais , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Gansos/genética , Plumas , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo
13.
Molecules ; 27(24)2022 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36557946

RESUMO

This study was designed to isolate an anti-inflammatory activity oligopeptide from goose blood (GBP) for ameliorating LPS-mediated inflammation response and oxidative stress in RAW264.7 macrophages. In this study, GBP was isolated by tangential flow ultrafiltration system (TFUS) combined with size exclusion chromatography (SEC), ion exchange chromatography (IEC), and reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RP-LC), and then identified by liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The experiment results indicated that the amino acid sequence of oligopeptide with the best anti-inflammatory activity was IIe-Val-Tyr-Pro-Trp-Thr-Gln-Arg (IVYPWTQR), which had a molecular weight of 1062.5720 Da, and was derived from haemoglobin subunit beta OS in goose blood. In addition, IVYPWTQR was confirmed to have satisfactory stability and maintained high anti-inflammatory activity in a simulated gastrointestinal digestion. The mechanism by which the IVYPWTQR protected against LPS-mediated inflammation response was attributed to downregulating the TLR4/NF-kB/iNOS pathway. Moreover, IVYPWTQR ameliorated oxidative stress damage in inflammatory state was attributed to activating antioxidant defence system, which was regulated by Keap-1/NRF2/HO-1 signalling pathway for decreasing the accumulation of reactive oxide species (ROS). In summary, these results indicated GBP could serve as a potential functional factor for prevention and improvement of inflammation mediated by LPS and provided an affordable dietary intervention strategy to prevent inflammation.


Assuntos
Gansos , Lipopolissacarídeos , Animais , Camundongos , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Gansos/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida , Células RAW 264.7 , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(23)2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36499045

RESUMO

FASN plays a critical role in lipid metabolism, which is involved in regulating ovarian follicular development. However, the molecular mechanisms of how FASN regulate the function of ovarian follicular cells still remain elusive. In this study, by overexpression or interference of FASN in pre-hierarchical follicle granulosa cells (phGCs) and hierarchical follicle granulosa cells (hGCs), we analyzed their effects on the granulosa cell transcriptome and metabolome profiles using RNA-Seq and LC-MS/MS, respectively. The results showed that overexpression of FASN promoted proinflammatory factors expression by activating TLR3/IRF7 and TLR3/NF-κB pathways in phGCs, but only by activating TLR3/IRF7 pathways in hGCs. Then, necroptosis and apoptosis were triggered through the JAK/STAT1 pathway (induced by inflammatory factors) and BAK/caspase-7 pathway, respectively. The combined analysis of the metabolome and transcriptome revealed that FASN affected the demand of GCs for 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) by activating the neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction pathway in two categorized GCs and only altering the metabolic pathway of tryptophan in phGCs, and ultimately participated in regulating the physiological function of geese GCs. Taken together, this study showed that the mechanisms of FASN regulating the physiological function of geese phGCs and hGCs were similar, but they also had some different characteristics.


Assuntos
Gansos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Animais , Feminino , Gansos/genética , Gansos/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida , Células Cultivadas , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Transcriptoma
15.
Viruses ; 14(12)2022 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36560810

RESUMO

Goose astrovirus (GAstV) is an important pathogen causing visceral gout and high mortality in goslings, which has broken out and spread across China. In 2021, a disease characterized by urate deposition on the visceral surface and 30% mortality occurred in commercial adult Landaise geese in Zhejiang Province, China. A systematic study identified an infecting astrovirus, designated ZJCX, that was efficiently isolated from a diseased goose with a chicken hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (LMH). In contrast to other GAstVs originating from goslings, ZJCX caused cytopathogenic effects in LMH cells, and the crystalline arrangement of viral particles was observed through transmission electron microscopy. Indeed, phylogenetic analysis and nucleotide homology comparison revealed that ZJCX isolate belongs to the genotype II cluster of GAstVs and displays 97.8-98.4% identity with other GAstV II strains. However, several specific mutations occurred in the polyprotein and capsid protein regions. Moreover, a pathogenicity assessment of ZJCX with a gosling model was conducted, and typical visceral gout was reproduced and led to 18% mortality. The viral loads of ZJCX in the blood, kidney, and liver were detected with specific primers after inoculation, which demonstrated that the kidney and liver presented viral loads peaking at seven days post-inoculation (dpi). Biochemical parameter examination showed that AST, ALT, γ-GT, UA, and BUN levels were significantly increased by GAstV, whereas body weight was reduced. Overall, this study indicated that the GAstV isolate could infect adult geese, and the results regarding the viral loads and biochemical parameters induced by ZJCX provide insight into GAstV pathogenicity.


Assuntos
Infecções por Astroviridae , Avastrovirus , Gota , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Animais , Gansos , Infecções por Astroviridae/patologia , Filogenia , Virulência , China
16.
Front Immunol ; 13: 1041070, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36569878

RESUMO

Introduction: Diet strongly affects gut microbiota composition, and gut bacteria can influence the intestinal barrier functions and systemic inflammation through metabolic endotoxemia. In-house feeding system (IHF, a low dietary fiber source) may cause altered cecal microbiota composition and inflammatory responses in meat geese via increased endotoxemia (lipopolysaccharides) with reduced intestinal alkaline phosphatase (ALP) production. The effects of artificial pasture grazing system (AGF, a high dietary fiber source) on modulating gut microbiota architecture and gut barrier functions have not been investigated in meat geese. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate whether intestinal ALP could play a critical role in attenuating reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and ROS facilitating NF-κB pathway-induced systemic inflammation in meat geese. Methods: The impacts of IHF and AGF systems on gut microbial composition via 16 sRNA sequencing were assessed in meat geese. The host markers analysis through protein expression of serum and cecal tissues, hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, localization of NF-қB and Nrf2 by immunofluorescence analysis, western blotting analysis of ALP, and quantitative PCR of cecal tissues was evaluated. Results and Discussion: In the gut microbiota analysis, meat geese supplemented with pasture showed a significant increase in commensal microbial richness and diversity compared to IHF meat geese demonstrating the antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory ability of the AGF system. A significant increase in intestinal ALP-induced Nrf2 signaling pathway was confirmed representing LPS dephosphorylation mediated TLR4/MyD88 induced ROS reduction mechanisms in AGF meat geese. Further, the correlation analysis of top 44 host markers with gut microbiota showed that artificial pasture intake protected gut barrier functions via reducing ROS-mediated NF-κB pathway-induced gut permeability, systemic inflammation, and aging phenotypes. In conclusion, the intestinal ALP functions to regulate gut microbial homeostasis and barrier function appear to inhibit pro-inflammatory cytokines by reducing LPS-induced ROS production in AGF meat geese. The AGF system may represent a novel therapy to counteract the chronic inflammatory state leading to low dietary fiber-related diseases in animals.


Assuntos
Endotoxemia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Animais , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Fosfatase Alcalina , Gansos , NF-kappa B , Endotoxemia/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Dieta , Inflamação/microbiologia , Carne
17.
Molecules ; 27(21)2022 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36363978

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to isolate and identify antioxidative peptide from goose liver hydrolysate (GLHP) for ameliorating oxidative stress damage by alcohol in HHL-5 hepatocytes. In this research, the target antioxidative peptides in GLHP were separated, purified, and identified via a tangential flow ultrafiltration system combined with size exclusion chromatography (SEC), ion exchange chromatography (IEC), reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RP-LC), and LC-MS/MS. The results suggested that the amino acid sequence of the target antioxidative peptide for ameliorating alcohol-mediated oxidative stress damage in HHL-5 hepatocytes was Leu-Pro-Leu-Pro-Phe-Pro (LPLPFP), which had a molecular weight of 683.41 Da, and was derived from NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1 in goose liver. In addition, LPLPFP was confirmed to have a satisfactory stability and maintained high hepatic protective activity in a simulated gastrointestinal digestion. Moreover, the mechanism of LPLPFP prevented against oxidative stress damage in HHL-5 hepatocytes was attributed to inhibiting the production of reactive oxide species (ROS) by upregulating genes expression in the Ahr-NQO1 signal pathway. In conclusion, these results indicated that dietary GLHP supplementation could ameliorate alcohol-mediated oxidative stress damage and provide an affordable dietary intervention strategy to prevent alcohol-mediated hepatocyte damage.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Gansos , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Gansos/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Estresse Oxidativo , Peptídeos/química , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Etanol/metabolismo
18.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 5191758, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337271

RESUMO

This paper proposes a new meta-heuristic algorithm, named wild geese migration optimization (GMO) algorithm. It is inspired by the social behavior of wild geese swarming in nature. They maintain a special formation for long-distance migration in small groups for survival and reproduction. The mathematical model is established based on these social behaviors to solve optimization problems. Meanwhile, the performance of the GMO algorithm is tested on the stable benchmark function of CEC2017, and its potential for dealing with practical problems is studied in five engineering design problems and the inverse kinematics solution of robot. The test results show that the GMO algorithm has excellent computational performance compared to other algorithms. The practical application results show that the GMO algorithm has strong applicability, more accurate optimization results, and more competitiveness in challenging problems with unknown search space, compared with well-known algorithms in the literature. The proposal of GMO algorithm enriches the team of swarm intelligence optimization algorithms and also provides a new solution for solving engineering design problems and inverse kinematics of robots.


Assuntos
Heurística , Robótica , Animais , Gansos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Algoritmos
19.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 54(6): 387, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36400963

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine the effects of the breeder age on the egg yield and egg quality traits of Landes geese in the first egg production cycle. One hundred ninety-four Landes geese aged 48 weeks were kept in the yard area throughout the egg production period. Egg number, egg weight, egg mass production, and goose-day egg production were significantly affected by the breeder age (p < 0.001). Breeder age affected the albumen index, yolk index, Haugh unit, albumen pH, yolk pH, and yolk color values. The albumen index, yolk index, and yolk color values were significantly higher at 55 weeks of age compared to the other breeder ages (62 and 64 weeks of age) (p < 0.05; p < 0.001). The shape index, albumen ratio, and yolk ratio were not significantly affected by the breeder age. There was a decrease in the shell thickness, albumen index, and yolk index as the egg production period progressed. Since the shell thickness, albumen index, and yolk index decreased with age, it is concluded that the egg quality of Landes geese may deteriorate with age.


Assuntos
Albuminas , Gansos , Animais , Fenótipo
20.
Commun Biol ; 5(1): 1191, 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36344742

RESUMO

Geese are herbivorous birds that play an essential role in the agricultural economy. We construct the chromosome-level genome of a Chinese indigenous goose (the Xingguo gray goose, XGG; Anser cygnoides) and analyze the adaptation of fat storage capacity in the goose liver during the evolution of Anatidae. Genomic resequencing of 994 geese is used to investigate the genetic relationships of geese, which supports the dual origin of geese (Anser cygnoides and Anser anser). Chinese indigenous geese show higher genetic diversity than European geese, and a scientific conservation program can be established to preserve genetic variation for each breed. We also find that a 14-bp insertion in endothelin receptor B subtype 2 (EDNRB2) that determines the white plumage of Chinese domestic geese is a natural mutation, and the linkaged alleles rapidly increase in frequency as a result of genetic hitchhiking, leading to the formation of completely different haplotypes of white geese under strong artificial selection. These genomic resources and our findings will facilitate marker-assisted breeding of geese and provide a foundation for further research on geese genetics and evolution.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial , Gansos , Animais , Gansos/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Metagenômica , Cromossomos , China
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