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1.
J Biomech Eng ; 145(1)2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35900843

RESUMO

Computational modeling serves an important role in childbirth-related research. Prescribed fetal descent trajectory is a key characteristic in childbirth simulations. Two major types of fully prescribed fetal descent trajectories can be identified in the literature: straight descent trajectories and curve of Carus. The straight descent trajectory has the advantage of being simpler and can serve as a reasonable approximation for relatively small fetal movements during labor, but it cannot be used to simulate the entire childbirth process. The curve of Carus is the well-recognized fetal descent trajectory with physiological significance. However, no detailed procedure to geometrically define the curve of Carus can be found in existing computational studies. This status of curve of Carus simulation in the literature hinders the direct comparison of results across different studies and the advancement of computational techniques built upon previous research. The goals of this study are: (1) propose a universal approach to derive the curve of Carus for the second stage of labor, from the point when the fetal head engages the pelvis to the point when the fetal head is fully delivered; and (2) demonstrate its utility when considering various fetal head sizes. The current study provides a detailed formulation of the curve of Carus, considering geometries of both the mother and the fetus. The maternal geometries were obtained from MRI data, and the fetal head geometries were based on laser scanning of a replica of a real fetal head.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico , Parto , Simulação por Computador , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Feminino , Feto/fisiologia , Cabeça , Humanos , Parto/fisiologia , Gravidez
2.
Food Chem ; 400: 133998, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055141

RESUMO

Colostrum is essential for immune system development and has a protective role for infants in early life. However, the lipid compositions of human and ewe colostra have not been characterized. We hypothesized that lipidomics can be used to compare lipids in two mammalian colostra. Herein, 1004 lipids assigned to 26 subclasses were identified in both human and ewe colostra using a quantitative lipidomics approach. In total, 173 significantly different lipids (SDLs) were investigated (variable importance in projection > 1.1, fold change (FC) ≥ 2 or ≤0.5, and P < 0.0001). Four potential lipid biomarkers, namely, DG (19:0/18:0), TG (10:0/15:0/16:0), FFA (22:0), and TG (18:1/24:1/18:2), were selected from the 173 SDLs based on FC values. These different lipids were involved in 44 metabolic pathways, of which sphingolipid metabolism and glycerophospholipid metabolism were the major pathways. Our results improve the understanding of the differences between human and ewe colostra lipids.


Assuntos
Colostro , Lipidômica , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Colostro/metabolismo , Feminino , Glicerofosfolipídeos/metabolismo , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Lipídeos , Mamíferos , Gravidez , Ovinos , Esfingolipídeos
3.
Braz. J. Biol. ; 83: 1-9, 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: vti-765473

RESUMO

Previous studies have suggested that arsenic crosses the placenta and affects the fetus development. The study under consideration aims to show comparative ameliorative effect of Moringa oleifera leaf and flower extracts against sodium arsenate induced fetus toxicity of mice. Pregnant mice (N=44) were kept in lab and divided into eleven group from (A to K) and were orally administered the doses 6 mg/kg, 12 mg/kg for sodium arsenate, 150 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg for Moringa oleifera leaf extracts (MOLE) and 150 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg for Moringa oleifera flower extracts (MOFE) comparing with control. The investigation revealed evident reduction in the fetuses weight, hind limb, fore limb, tail and snout length, crown rump and head circumferences well as malformations in tail, feet, arms, legs, skin and eyes in the negative control group (only administered with sodium arsenate). Co-administration of sodium arsenate with MOLE and MOFE ameliorate the reversed effect of sodium arsenate on the shape, length, body weight and DNA damage of fetus significantly at 95% confidence interval. However, Moringa oleifera leaf extract showed more significant results in comparison to Moringa oleifera flower extract. Hence concluded that Moringa oleifera leaf extract ameliorated the embryo toxic effects of sodium arsenate and can be used against environmental teratogens.(AU)


Estudos anteriores sugeriram que o arsênio atravessa a placenta e afeta o desenvolvimento do feto. O estudo em consideração visa mostrar o efeito melhorador comparativo de extratos de folhas e flores de Moringa oleifera contra a toxicidade fetal induzida por arseniato de sódio em camundongos. Camundongos grávidas (N = 44) foram mantidos em laboratório e divididos em 11 grupos (de A a K) e foram administrados por via oral nas doses de 6 mg/kg, 12 mg/kg para arseniato de sódio, 150 mg/kg e 300 mg/kg para extratos de folhas de Moringa oleifera (MOLE) e 150 mg/kg e 300 mg/kg para extratos de flores de Moringa oleifera (MOFE) em comparação com o controle. A investigação revelou redução evidente no peso do feto, membro posterior, membro anterior, comprimento da cauda e focinho, coroa, nádega e circunferência da cabeça, bem como malformações na cauda, pés, braços, pernas, pele e olhos no grupo de controle negativo (apenas administrado com arseniato de sódio). A coadministração de arseniato de sódio com MOLE e MOFE melhora significativamente o efeito reverso do arseniato de sódio na forma, comprimento, peso corporal e dano ao DNA do feto, com intervalo de confiança de 95%. No entanto, o extrato da folha da Moringa oleifera apresentou resultados mais significativos em comparação ao extrato da flor da Moringa oleifera. Portanto, concluiu que o extrato da folha de Moringa oleifera melhorou os efeitos tóxicos do arseniato de sódio para o embrião e pode ser usado contra teratógenos ambientais.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Gravidez , Camundongos , Moringa oleifera/embriologia , Ensaio Cometa/veterinária , Feto/anormalidades , Feto/efeitos dos fármacos , Lesões Pré-Natais/veterinária , Arseniatos/toxicidade
4.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 254, 2022 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35346088

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess diagnostic accuracy in the prediction of small for gestational age (SGA <10th centile) and fetal growth restricted (FGR) (SGA <3rd centile) fetuses using three different sonographic methods in pregnancies at increased risk of fetal growth restriction: 1) fetal abdominal circumference (AC) z-scores, 2) estimated fetal weight (EFW) z-scores according to postnatal reference standard; 3) EFW z-scores according to a prenatal reference standard. METHODS: Singleton pregnancies at increased risk of fetal growth restriction seen in two university hospitals between 2014 and 2015 were studied retrospectively. EFW was calculated using formulas proposed by the INTERGROWTH-21st project and Hadlock; data derived from publications by the INTEGROWTH-twenty-first century project and Hadlock were used to calculate z-scores (AC and EFW). The accuracy of different methods was calculated and compared. RESULTS: The study group included 406 patients. Prenatal standard EFW z-scores derived from INTERGROWTH-21st project and Hadlock and co-workers performed similarly and were more accurate in identifying SGA infants than using AC z-scores or a postnatal reference standard. The subgroups analysis demonstrated that EFW prenatal standard was more or similarly accurate compared to other methods across all subgroups, defined by gestational age and birth weight. CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal standard EFW z-scores derived from either INTERGROWTH-21 st project or Hadlock and co-workers publications demonstrated a statistically significant advantage over other biometric methods in the diagnosis of SGA fetuses.


Assuntos
Retardo do Crescimento Fetal , Peso Fetal , Feminino , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/diagnóstico por imagem , Feto , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/métodos
5.
J Korean Med Sci ; 37(12): e96, 2022 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35347904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The single vitrified-warmed blastocyst transfer (SVBT) cycle has been increasingly utilized for assisted reproductive technology. Women of advanced maternal age (AMA) comprise a significant portion of patients who have undergone 'freeze-all' cycles. This study investigated the association between the post-warming extended culture duration and pregnancy outcomes in patients of AMA. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study analyzed the outcomes of 697 SVBT cycles between January 2016 and December 2017. The cycles were divided into 3 groups based on the age of the female partners: group I: < 35 years (n = 407), group II: 35-37 years (n = 176); and group III, 38-40 years (n = 114). Data are shown as the mean ± standard error of the mean. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA followed by Duncan's multiple range test. Statistical significance was set at P < 0.001. RESULTS: The blastocyst rate, clinical pregnancy rate, and live birth rate (LBR) was significantly lower in the AMA groups. However, there were no significant differences in LBR in the transfer between the AMA and younger groups according to blastocyst morphology and post-warming extended culture duration. CONCLUSION: Post-warming extended culture of blastocysts is not harmful to patients of AMA. It could be a useful parameter in clinical counseling and decision making for fertility treatments.


Assuntos
Blastocisto , Transferência Embrionária , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Idade Materna , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Eur J Neurol ; 29(1): 199-207, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34570429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to define the prevalence of pre-eclampsia, gestational hypertension (HT), chronic HT, and gestational diabetes during pregnancy in a defined population of patients with saccular intracranial aneurysms (sIAs). METHODS: We included all patients with sIA, first admitted to the Neurosurgery Department of Kuopio University Hospital from its defined catchment population between 1990 and 2015, who had given birth for the first time in 1990 or later. The patients' medical records were reviewed, and clinical data were linked with prescription drug usage, hospital diagnoses and causes of death, obtained from nationwide registries. The prevalences of pre-eclampsia, other hypertensive disorders and gestational diabetes in patients were compared with a matched control population (n = 324). In addition, the characteristics of sIA disease in patients with pre-eclampsia were compared to those of sIA patients without pre-eclampsia. RESULTS: A total of 169 patients with sIA fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Of these, 22 (13%) had pre-eclampsia and 32 (19%) had other hypertensive disorders during pregnancy. In 324 matched controls who had given birth, the prevalence of pre-eclampsia was 5% (n = 15) and other hypertensive disorders were diagnosed in 10% (n = 34). There was no significant difference in prevalence of gestational diabetes (12% vs. 11%). Patients with sIA with pre-eclampsia more frequently had irregularly shaped aneurysms (p = 0·003). CONCLUSIONS: Pre-eclampsia was significantly more frequent in patients with sIA than in their population controls. Irregularly shaped aneurysms were more frequent in sIA patients with pre-eclampsia. Further studies are required to determine whether history of pre-eclampsia may indicate an elevated risk for sIA formation or rupture.


Assuntos
Diabetes Gestacional , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/epidemiologia , Aneurisma Intracraniano/complicações , Aneurisma Intracraniano/epidemiologia , Pré-Eclâmpsia/epidemiologia , Gravidez
7.
Mol Hum Reprod ; 28(1)2022 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34954800

RESUMO

Sperm DNA damage is considered a predictive factor for the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing ART. Laboratory evidence suggests that zygotes and developing embryos have adopted specific response and repair mechanisms to repair DNA damage of paternal origin. We have conducted a systematic review in accordance with guidelines from Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) to identify and review the maternal mechanisms used to respond and repair sperm DNA damage during early embryonic development, how these mechanisms operate and their potential clinical implications. The literature search was conducted in Ovid MEDLINE and Embase databases until May 2021. Out of 6297 articles initially identified, 36 studies were found to be relevant through cross referencing and were fully extracted. The collective evidence in human and animal models indicate that the early embryo has the capacity to repair DNA damage within sperm by activating maternally driven mechanisms throughout embryonic development. However, this capacity is limited and likely declines with age. The link between age and decreased DNA repair capacity could explain decreased oocyte quality in older women, poor reproductive outcomes in idiopathic cases and patients who present high sperm DNA damage. Ultimately, further understanding mechanisms underlying the maternal repair of sperm DNA damage could lead to the development of targeted therapies to decrease sperm DNA damage, improved oocyte quality to combat incoming DNA insults or lead to development of methodologies to identify individual spermatozoa without DNA damage.


Assuntos
Dano ao DNA , Reparo do DNA , Idoso , Animais , Dano ao DNA/genética , Reparo do DNA/genética , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Oócitos/fisiologia , Gravidez , Espermatozoides/fisiologia
8.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 20(1): 57, 2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35337338

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To evaluate whether the incidence of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) in pregnant women was related to endometriosis (EM), ovulation and embryo vitrification technology. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on the clinical data of 3674 women who were treated with IVF / ICSI in the Reproductive Medicine Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University and maintained clinical pregnancy for more than 20 weeks. All pregnancies were followed up until the end of pregnancy. The follow-up consisted of recording the course of pregnancy, pregnancy complications, and basic situation of newborns. RESULTS: Compared with NC-FET without EM, HRT-FET without EM was found to have a higher incidence of HDP during pregnancy (2.7% V.S. 6.1%, P<0.001); however, no significant difference was found in the incidence of HDP between NC-FET and HRT-FET combined with EM (4.0% V.S. 5.7%, P>0.05). In total frozen-thawed embryo transfer (total-FET), the incidence of HDP in the HRT cycle without ovulation (HRT-FET) was observed to be higher than that in the NC cycle with ovulation (NC-FET) (2.8% V.S. 6.1%, P<0.001). In patients with EM, no significant difference was found in the incidence of HDP between fresh ET and NC-FET (1.2% V.S. 4.0%, P>0.05). CONCLUSION: EM does not seem to have an effect on the occurrence of HDP in assisted reproductive technology. During the FET cycle, the formation of the corpus luteum may play a protective role in the occurrence and development of HDP. Potential damage to the embryo caused by cryopreservation seems to have no effect on the occurrence of HDP.


Assuntos
Endometriose , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez , Endometriose/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/epidemiologia , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas
9.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 41(2): 237-246, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35130071

RESUMO

Examining how spatial access to health care varies across geography is key to documenting structural inequalities in the United States. In this article and the accompanying StoryMap, our team identified ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) with the largest share of minoritized racial and ethnic populations and measured distances to the nearest hospital offering emergency services, trauma care, obstetrics, outpatient surgery, intensive care, and cardiac care. In rural areas, ZCTAs with high Black or American Indian/Alaska Native representation were significantly farther from services than ZCTAs with high White representation. The opposite was true for urban ZCTAs, with high White ZCTAs being farther from most services. These patterns likely result from a combination of housing policies that restrict housing opportunities and federal health policies that are based on service provision rather than community need. The findings also illustrate the difficulty of using a single metric-distance-to investigate access to care on a national scale.


Assuntos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Feminino , Geografia , Hospitais , Humanos , Gravidez , Estados Unidos
10.
Horm Metab Res ; 54(2): 76-83, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35130568

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of thyroperoxidase antibody (TPOAb) and thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) on maternal and neonatal adverse outcomes in pregnant women. A total of 296 singleton pregnant women were classified into four groups according to the thyroid auto-antibody in the first trimester. Finally, there were 97 women in TPOAb positive group (TPOAb+/TgAb-), 35 in TgAb positive group (TPOAb-/TgAb+), 85 in TPOAb and TgAb positive group (TPOAb+/TgAb+), and 79 in TPOAb and TgAb negative group (TPOAb-/TgAb-). Thyroid function, TPOAb, and TgAb were checked during pregnancy and followed up at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, and 12 months postpartum. Levothyroxine sodium tablets could be taken to maintain euthyroid antepartum. Thyroid function of women with postpartum thyroiditis (PPT) were followed up at 2 and 3 years postpartum. We observed the incidence of PPT, premature rupture of membranes (PROM), placental abruption, placenta previa, polyhydramnios, oligohydramnios, postpartum hemorrhage, preterm birth, and low birth Weight in the four groups. 19.93% of the women had PPT. The incidence of PPT in TPOAb+/TgAb-, TPOAb-/TgAb+, TPOAb+/TgAb+groups was significantly higher than that in TPOAb-/TgAb- group, respectively (16.49 vs. 6.33%, 22.86 vs. 6.33%, 35.29 vs. 6.33%, p <0.05). The incidence of PPT in TPOAb+/TgAb+group was significantly higher than that in TPOAb+/TgAb- group (35.29 vs. 16.49%, p <0.01). PPT occurred as early as 6 weeks postpartum, but mainly at 3 and 6 months postpartum in the four groups (62.50%, 75.00%, 70.00%, 80.00%). All PPT in TPOAb-/TgAb- group occurred within 6 months postpartum, while it was found at 9 months or 12 months postpartum in other three groups. There was no classical form of PPT in TPOAb-/TgAb- group, while in the other three groups, all three types (classical form, isolated thyrotoxicosis, isolated hypothyroidism) existed. At 2 years postpartum of the women with PPT, the rate of euthyroidism in TPOAb+/TgAb+group was significantly lower than that in TPOAb-/TgAb- group (p <0.05). At 3 years postpartum of the women with PPT, the rate of euthyroidism in TPOAb+/TgAb-, TPOAb-/TgAb+, and TPOAb+/TgAb+groups were significantly lower than that in TPOAb-/TgAb- group (p <0.05). The values of TPOAb and TgAb postpartum were significantly higher than those during pregnancy (p <0.05). The incidence of PROM in TPOAb+/TgAb- group was significantly higher than that in TPOAb-/TgAb- group (32.99 vs. 17.72%, p <0.05). The binary logistic regression for PPT showed that the OR value of TPOAb was 2.263 (95% CI 1.142-4.483, p=0.019). The OR value of TgAb was 3.112 (95% CI 1.700-5.697, p=0.000). In conclusion, pregnant women with positive thyroid auto-antibodies had an increased risk of PPT and a reduced rate of euthyroidism at 2 and 3 years postpartum. TPOAb is associated with the incidence of PROM. Both of TPOAb and TgAb were independent risk factors for PPT. TgAb deserves more attention when studying autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) combined with pregnancy.


Assuntos
Hipotireoidismo , Nascimento Prematuro , Autoanticorpos , Feminino , Humanos , Hipotireoidismo/epidemiologia , Recém-Nascido , Iodeto Peroxidase , Placenta , Gravidez , Gestantes , Tireoglobulina
11.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 241, 2022 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35321691

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sonography based estimate of fetal weight is a considerable issue for delivery planning. The study evaluated the influence of diabetes, obesity, excess weight gain, fetal and neonatal anthropometrics on accuracy of estimated fetal weight with respect to the extent of the percent error of estimated fetal weight to birth weight for different categories. METHODS: Multicenter retrospective analysis from 11,049 term deliveries and fetal ultrasound biometry performed within 14 days to delivery. Estimated fetal weight was calculated by Hadlock IV. Percent error from birth weight was determined for categories in 250 g increments between 2500 g and 4500 g. Estimated fetal weight accuracy was categorized as accurate ≤ 10% of birth weight, under- and overestimated by > ± 10% - ± 20% and > 20%. RESULTS: Diabetes was diagnosed in 12.5%, obesity in 12.6% and weight gain exceeding IOM recommendation in 49.1% of the women. The percentage of accurate estimated fetal weight was not significantly different in the presence of maternal diabetes (70.0% vs. 71.8%, p = 0.17), obesity (69.6% vs. 71.9%, p = 0.08) or excess weight gain (71.2% vs. 72%, p = 0.352) but of preexisting diabetes (61.1% vs. 71.7%; p = 0.007) that was associated with the highest macrosomia rate (26.9%). Mean percent error of estimated fetal weight from birth weight was 2.39% ± 9.13%. The extent of percent error varied with birth weight with the lowest numbers for 3000 g-3249 g and increasing with the extent of birth weight variation: 5% ± 11% overestimation in the lowest and 12% ± 8% underestimation in the highest ranges. CONCLUSION: Diabetes, obesity and excess weight gain are not necessarily confounders of estimated fetal weight accuracy. Percent error of estimated fetal weight is closely related to birth weight with clinically relevant over- and underestimation at both extremes. This work provides detailed data regarding the extent of percent error for different birth weight categories and may therefore improve delivery planning.


Assuntos
Diabetes Gestacional , Peso Fetal , Peso ao Nascer , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
J Chem Neuroanat ; 119: 102043, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808256

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to highlight the possible effects on the hippocampus of the electromagnetic field (EMF) emitted by mobile phones, and to investigate whether these potential effects can be reduced using various antioxidant substances. Twenty-seven female Wistar albino rats were divided into nine equal groups, each containing three pregnant rats aged 8-10 weeks and weighing 200-250 gr. The EMF groups were exposed to 900 Megahertz (MHz) EMF for 1 h (hr) a day for 21 days. No EMF exposure was applied to the Cont and also the groups given only Garcinia kola (GK), Momordica charantia (MC), and thymoquinone (TQ). The Sham group was kept in the polycarbonate EMF exposure system, but was not exposed to EMF. Four weeks after birth, rat pups were subjected to behavioural tests. Brain tissue samples were evaluated using histological, stereological, functional, and immunohistochemical methods. The numbers of pyramidal neurons in the rat cornu ammonis (CA) were determined using the optical fractionator method. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) enzyme activities in the blood samples were also evaluated. The analysis data indicated that total pyramidal neuron numbers were decreased significantly in the CA of the EMF (1 hr) group (p < 0.01). Our results also showed that the protective effect of MC was more potent than that of the other antioxidant substances (p < 0.01). A 900 MHz EMF can cause deleterious changes in the brain. It can also be suggested that GK, MC and TQ are capable of reducing these adverse effects.


Assuntos
Telefone Celular , Campos Eletromagnéticos , Animais , Campos Eletromagnéticos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hipocampo/patologia , Gravidez , Células Piramidais , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
13.
BJOG ; 129(5): 805-811, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545675

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pregnant women may develop disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), possibly resulting in massive maternal haemorrhage and perinatal death. The Japan guideline recommends use of antithrombin III (ATIII) for DIC in obstetrics; however, its effect remains uncertain. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of ATIII for DIC in obstetrics, using a national inpatient database in Japan. DESIGN: Nationwide observational study. SETTING: Japan. POPULATION: We used the Diagnosis Procedure Combination inpatient database to identify patients who delivered at hospital and were diagnosed with DIC from July 2010 to March 2018. METHODS: Propensity score matching analyses were performed to compare in-hospital maternal mortality and hysterectomy during hospitalisation between users and non-users of ATIII on the day of delivery. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: In-hospital mortality, hysterectomy. RESULTS: A total of 9920 patients were enrolled, including 4329 patients (44%) who used ATIII and 5511 patients (56%) who did not use ATIII. One-to-one propensity score matching created 3290 pairs. In-hospital maternal mortality did not differ significantly between the propensity-matched groups (0.3% in the ATIII group versus 0.5% in the control group; odds ratio 0.73; 95% CI 0.35-1.54). A significantly lower proportion of patients in the ATIII group, compared with those in the control group, underwent hysterectomy during hospitalisation (5.3% versus 8.7%; absolute risk difference -2.9%; 95% CI -4.2 to -1.6%). CONCLUSIONS: Although the present study did not show a mortality-reducing effect of ATIII for patients with DIC in obstetrics, it may have clinical benefit in terms of reducing the number of patients undergoing hysterectomy. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: This study did not show mortality-reducing effect of antithrombin III for patients with DIC in obstetrics.


Assuntos
Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada , Obstetrícia , Antitrombina III/uso terapêutico , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/diagnóstico , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Pontuação de Propensão , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Rev. urug. enferm ; 17(2): 1-13, dic. 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, BNUY | ID: biblio-1392873

RESUMO

Introducción: La noción de humanización de los cuidados en salud aparece como consecuencia del avance de las tecnologías médicas. Si bien el parto institucional generó disminución de la mor-talidad materna esto se produjo a expensas de una deshumanización de los cuidados liderada por el parto sin acompañante. Objetivo general: Implementar un modelo de asistencia humanizado en salud perinatal, en la Maternidad pública del Depto. de Rocha, Uruguay, entre los años 2014 y 2016. Objetivos específicos: generar instancias de formación a todo el equipo de la Maternidad, sensibilizar a las mujeres embarazadas y sus parejas en cuanto a los derechos reproductivos, particularmente durante el embarazo, parto y posparto, evaluar los resultados del cambio de asistencia mediante un abordaje antes-después y un estudio cualitativo de percepción de los/as actores participantes. Metodología: Se desarrolló un estudio cuasi experimental con mediciones antes y después, para evaluar los efectos de la implantación de un Programa de humanización de los cuidados en salud materna. Se utilizaron variables del SIP (Sistema informático Perinatal). Se realizó una encuesta en el puerperio para evaluar el cumplimiento del protocolo de asistencia humanizado. Se evaluó la percepción de los actores mediante entrevistas en profundidad y entrevistas grupales. Resultados: Se observa una tendencia al descenso en la proporción de cesáreas, un aumento del acompañamiento en el parto, un aumento leve del contacto piel con piel con relación a la línea de base, y de las posiciones no supinas en el parto, mejoras en el manejo del periné y un compromiso significativo de las usuarias y sus familias con la propuesta.


Introduction: The notion of humanization of health care appears as a consequence of the advancement of medical technologies. Although institutional delivery has led to a reduction in maternal mortality, this has occurred at the expense of a dehumanization of care, led by unattended childbirth. General objective: To implement a model of humanized care in perinatal health, in the public maternity hospital in the Department of Rocha, Uruguay, between 2014 and 2016. Specific objectives: Generate training opportunities for all the staff of the Maternity Hospital, raise awareness among pregnant women and their partners about reproductive rights, particularly during pregnancy, delivery and postpartum, evaluate the results of the change in care through a before and after approach and a qualitative study of the perception of the participating actors. Methodology: A quasi-experimental study with before and after measurements was developed to evaluate the effects of implementing a humanization of maternal health care program. A survey was conducted in the puerperium to assess compliance with the humanized care protocol. Stake-holder perceptions were assessed through in depth interviews and group interviews. Results: We observed a downward trend in the proportion of caesarean sections, an increase in follow-up during labor, a slight increase in skin-to-skin contact compared to baseline and in non-overlapping positions during labor, improvements in perineum management, and significant commitment to the proposal by users and their families.


Introdução: A noção de humanização da assistência médica aparece como conseqüência do avanço das tecnologias médicas. Embora o parto institucional tenha levado a uma redução da mortalidade materna, isto ocorreu às custas de uma desumanização dos cuidados, liderada pelo parto desacompanhado. Objetivo geral: implementar um modelo de atendimento humanizado em saúde perinatal, na maternidade pública do Departamento de Rocha, no Uruguai, entre 2014 e 2016. Objetivos específicos: gerar oportunidades de treinamento para toda a equipe da Maternidade Hospitalar, conscientizar as mulheres grávidas e seus parceiros sobre os direitos reprodutivos, particularmente durante a gravidez, parto e pós-parto, avaliar os resultados da mudança nos cuidados através de uma abordagem antes e depois e um estudo qualitativo da percepção dos atores participantes. Metodologia: Foi desenvolvido um estudo quase experimental com medições antes e depois para avaliar os efeitos da implementação de um programa de humanização da assistência à saúde materna. Foi realizada uma pesquisa no puerpério para avaliar a conformidade com o protocolo de cuidados humanizados. As percepções das partes interessadas foram avaliadas através de entrevistas em profundidade e entrevistas em grupo. Resultados: Observamos uma tendência de queda na proporção de cesarianas, um aumento no acompanhamento durante o trabalho, um leve aumento no contato pele a pele em relação à linha de base e em posições não superpostas durante o trabalho, melhorias na gestão do períneo e um compromisso significativo com a proposta por parte dos usuários e suas famílias.


Assuntos
Humanos , Uruguai , Gravidez , Parto Humanizado , Parto , Gestantes , Período Pós-Parto , Humanização da Assistência , Capacitação Profissional
15.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga.2010) ; 13(1): 1-20, 20221213.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1369171

RESUMO

Introducción: El SARS-CoV-2 es un Betacoronavirus, así como el SARS-CoV y el MERS-CoV, ambos asociados a abortos espontáneos, parto prematuro, morbi-mortalidad materna y alto número de ingresos a UCI en las gestantes. Además, al ser un virus nuevo, se conoce poco sobre los efectos en la gestación. Esta revisión tiene como objetivo analizar la evidencia disponible sobre el SARS-CoV-2 en la gestación. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura en PubMed, ProQuest, Scopus, BVS y SciElo. Se realizó la crítica de la evidencia y la extracción de la información con dos instrumentos propuestos por el Instituto Joanna Briggs. Lo anterior bajo las directrices de PRISMA-ScR. Resultados: Se incluyeron 85 artículos que evidenciaron que la mayoría de gestantes con SARS-CoV-2 desarrollaron enfermedad leve a moderada, pero presentaron mayor riesgo de muerte y complicaciones comparado con las pacientes no embarazadas. Se documentó bajo riesgo de transmisión vertical y los resultados perinatales se asociaron a la severidad del cuadro clínico materno. La efectividad del tratamiento no fue concluyente.Discusión: Se discute la presentación clínica de la infección en las gestantes, la transmisión vertical, el tratamiento, la gravedad de la enfermedad y los desenlaces neonatales.Conclusiones: La COVID-19 en la gestación es una complicación que genera mayor morbimortalidad, por lo que es de vital importancia el desarrollo de más investigaciones que amplíen la comprensión de su comportamiento, las implicaciones fisiológicas, emocionales y el posible tratamiento. Esta revisión hace un análisis riguroso de la calidad de los estudios y aporta información valiosa de la evidencia.


Introduction: SARS-CoV-2 is a betacoronavirus as well as SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV, both associated with spontaneous miscarriage, preterm birth, maternal morbidity and mortality and a higher number of ICU admissions for pregnant women. Being a new virus, its effects on pregnancy are little known. This review aims to analyze the available evidence on SARS-CoV-2 in pregnancy. Materials and Methods: A literature review was conducted in PubMed, ProQuest, Scopus, BVS and SciElo. Evidence criticism and information extraction were conducted using two instruments from the Joanna Briggs Institute, following the PRISMA-ScR guidelines. Results: 85 articles were included evidencing that most pregnant women with SARS-COV-2 suffered mild to moderate disease and were at a higher risk of death and complications compared to non-pregnant patients. Low risk of vertical transmission was documented and adverse perinatal outcomes were associated with severe maternal clinical manifestations. The effectiveness of treatment was inconclusive. Discussion: Clinical presentation of infection in pregnant women, vertical transmission, treatment, disease severity and neonatal outcomes were discussed. Conclusions: COVID-19 during pregnancy is a complication that generates greater morbidity and mortality, for which it is vital to develop further research on the understanding of the behavior, physiological and emotional implications and possible treatment. This review makes a rigorous analysis of the quality of studies and provides valuable information from evidence.


Introdução: O SARS-CoV-2 é um betacoronavírus, assim como o SARS-CoV e o MERS-CoV, ambos associados ao aborto espontâneo, parto prematuro, morbidade e mortalidade materna e alto número de internações na UTI em mulheres grávidas. Além disso, sendo um novo vírus, pouco se sabe sobre seus efeitos na gravidez. Esta revisão tem como objetivo analisar as evidências disponíveis sobre o SARS-CoV-2 na gravidez. Materiais e métodos: Foi realizada uma pesquisa bibliográfica na PubMed, ProQuest, Scopus, BVS e SciElo. A analise crítica das provas e a extração de dados foram realizadas utilizando dois instrumentos propostos pelo Instituto Joanna Briggs sob as diretrizes do PRISMA-ScR. Resultados: 85 artigos foram incluídos, mostrando que a maioria das mulheres grávidas com SRA-CoV-2 desenvolveu doença leve a moderada, mas tinha um risco maior de morte e complicações em comparação com pacientes não grávidas. Baixo risco de transmissão vertical foi documentado e os resultados perinatais foram associados à gravidade do quadro clínico materno. A eficácia do tratamento foi inconclusiva. Discussão: Apresentação clínica da infecção em mulheres grávidas, transmissão vertical, tratamento, gravidade da doença e resultados neonatais são discutidos. Conclusões: A COVID-19 na gravidez é uma complicação que gera maior morbidade e mortalidade, portanto, mais pesquisas para expandir a compreensão de seu comportamento, implicações fisiológicas e emocionais, e o tratamento potencial são de vital importância. Esta revisão fornece uma análise rigorosa da qualidade dos estudos e informações valiosas a partir das evidências.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Coronavirus , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
16.
Front Public Health ; 10: 961613, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091541

RESUMO

Objectives: Birth defects (BDs) are a major contributor to perinatal and infant mortality, morbidity and lifelong disability worldwide. A hospital-based study on birth defects was designed in Guilin city in the Guangxi province of Southwestern China aiming to determine the prevalence of BDs in the studied region, and the classify the BDs based on clinical presentation and causation. Methods: The study involved BDs among all pregnancy outcomes (live births, stillbirths, death within 7 days, and pregnancy terminations) born in the 42 registered hospitals of Guilin between 2018 and 2020. The epidemiological characteristics of BDs and the etiologic profile of BDs were evaluated in this study. Results: Of the total 147,817 births recorded during the study period, 2,003 infants with BDs were detected, giving a total prevalence rate of 13.55 per 1,000 births. The top five BD types were congenital heart defects, polydactyly, syndactyly, malformations of the external ear, and talipes equinovarus, whereas, neural tube defects, congential esophageal atresia, gastroschisis, extrophy of urinary bladder, were the least common BD types in these 3 years. Only 8.84% of cases were assigned a known etiology, while most cases (91.16%) could not be conclusively assigned a specific cause. Conclusion: This study provides an epidemiological description of BDs in Guilin, which may be helpful for understanding the overall situation in Southwest China of BDs and aid in more comprehensive studies of BDs in future healthcare systems, including funding investment, policy-making, monitor, prevention. Strong prevention strategies should be the priority to reduce BDs and improve the birth quality.


Assuntos
Hospitais , Resultado da Gravidez , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Gravidez , Prevalência
17.
Front Public Health ; 10: 996885, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091552

RESUMO

Background: A maternal near-miss (MNM) refers to a woman who presents with life-threatening complications during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy but survived by chance or due to the standard care she received. It is recognized as a valuable indicator to examine the quality of obstetrics care as it follows similar predictors with maternal death. Ethiopia is one of the sub-Saharan African countries with the highest rate of maternal mortality and morbidity. Thus, studying the cause and predictors of maternal near-miss is vital to improving the quality of obstetric care, particularly in low-income countries. Objective: To identify determinants of maternal near-miss among women admitted to public hospitals in North Shewa Zone, Ethiopia, 2020. Methods: A facility-based unmatched case-control study was conducted on 264 women (88 cases and 176 controls) from February to April 2020. Data were collected using pretested interviewer-administered questionnaires and a review of medical records. Data were entered into Epi-data version 4.2.2 and exported to SPSS version 25 for analysis. Variables with a p-value <0.25 in the bivariable analysis were further analyzed using multivariable logistic regression analysis. Finally, variables with a p-value <0.05 were considered statistically significant. Result: Severe pre-eclampsia (49.5%) and postpartum hemorrhage (28.3%) were the main reasons for admission of cases. Educational level of women (AOR = 4.80, 95% CI: 1.78-12.90), education level of husbands (AOR = 5.26; 95% CI: 1.46-18.90), being referred from other health facilities (AOR = 4.73, 95% CI: 1.78-12.55), antenatal care visit (AOR = 2.75, 95% CI: 1.13-6.72), cesarean section (AOR = 3.70, 95% CI: 1.42-9.60), and medical disorder during pregnancy (AOR = 12.06, 95% CI: 2.82-51.55) were found to significantly increase the risk of maternal near-miss. Whereas, the younger age of women significantly decreased the risk of maternal near miss (AOR = 0.26, 95% CI: 0.09-0.75). Conclusion: Age, educational level, antenatal care follow-ups, medical disorder during pregnancy, mode of admission, and mode of delivery were significant predictors of maternal near-miss. Socio-demographic development, use of ANC services, early detection and management of medical diseases, reducing cesarean section, and improving the referral systems are crucial to minimizing the maternal near-miss.


Assuntos
Near Miss , Complicações na Gravidez , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cesárea , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitais Públicos , Humanos , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Fatores de Risco
18.
Front Public Health ; 10: 933164, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091564

RESUMO

Background: Drinking alcohol while pregnant is dangerous for health. To inform on this issue, various countries have adopted pregnancy warning labels on alcoholic beverages, including France since 2007, where wine holds deep cultural consonance. The aim of this research was to analyze the arguments put forward by the alcohol industry (producers, distributors, wholesalers, allied industries, trade associations, social aspects and public relations organizations, councilors who publicly defend wine-sector interests) via the press in France: (1) in 2007 when pregnancy warnings were first implemented, and (2) in 2018 when larger pregnancy warnings to increase visibility were proposed but not adopted. Methods: We used documentary method to analyze the arguments advanced by the alcohol industry in mainstream (national, regional and specialized) press in France from 2000 to 2020, using the Europresse documentary database. Quantitative analysis (number and trend curve of articles, mapping alcohol-industry actors who spoke in the press) and inductive thematic content analysis (analytical framework of the arguments identified) using NVivo software were carried out. Results: We found a total of 559 relevant press articles in the database, of which 85 were included in the analysis. Peaks in number of publications were found to coincide with the warning label implementation and with the expansion-project schedule. A large majority of the arguments promoted by the alcohol industry contested the pregnancy warnings measure (very few were in favor). They argued that (1) pregnancy warnings were a questionable measure (e.g., ineffective, or the pictogram clearly links alcohol to mortality), (2) pregnancy warnings would have counterproductive effects (on women and the wider economy), (3) better alternatives exist (e.g., targeted prevention programs, prevention by health professionals). A large majority of the actors who spoke in the press came from the winegrowing sector. Conclusion: This study fills a gap in the Anglosphere research on lobbying against alcohol warnings by analyzing lobbyists' arguments over a 20-year period covering both failed and successful industry lobbying. New findings have emerged that are likely related to the wine-oriented culture of France. In order to counter the alcohol lobbying practices we conclude with a number of public health recommendations.


Assuntos
Bebidas Alcoólicas , Rotulagem de Produtos , Feminino , França , Humanos , Indústrias , Gravidez , Saúde Pública
19.
Front Public Health ; 10: 986162, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091565

RESUMO

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) - 2019 (COVID-19) has led to a worldwide public health concern. In addition to immediate impacts on human health and well-being, COVID-19 can result in unfortunate and long-term health consequences for future generations. In particular, pregnant women and developing fetuses in low-income settings could be prone to a higher risk of undernutrition, often due to an inadequate supply of food and nutrition during a pandemic outbreak like COVID-19. Such situations can subsequently lead to an increased risk of undesirable health consequences, such as non-communicable diseases, including obesity, metabolic syndrome, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes, in individuals born to exposed mothers via fetal programming. Moreover, COVID-19 infection or related stress during pregnancy can induce long-term programming outcomes on neuroendocrinological systems in offspring after birth. However, the long-lasting consequences of the transplacental transmission of COVID-19 in offspring are currently unknown. Here we hypothesize that a COVID-19 pandemic triggers intrauterine programming outcomes in offspring due to multiple maternal factors (e.g., nutrition deficiency, stress, infection, inflammation) during pregnancy. Thus, it is crucial to establish an integrated lifetime health information system for individuals born in or around the COVID-19 pandemic to identify those at risk of adverse pre-and postnatal nutritional programming. This approach will assist in designing specific dietary or other nutritional interventions to minimize the potential undesirable outcomes in those nutritionally programmed individuals.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Desenvolvimento Fetal , Humanos , Pandemias , Gravidez , SARS-CoV-2
20.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 5192338, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092792

RESUMO

The angle of progression (AoP) for assessing fetal head (FH) descent during labor is measured from the standard plane of transperineal ultrasound images as the angle between a line through the long axis of pubic symphysis (PS) and a second line from the right end of PS tangentially to the contour of the FH. This paper presents a multitask network with a shared feature encoder and three task-special decoders for standard plane recognition (Task1), image segmentation (Task2) of PS and FH, and endpoint detection (Task3) of PS. Based on the segmented FH and two endpoints of PS from standard plane images, we determined the right FH tangent point that passes through the right endpoint of PS and then computed the AoP using the above three points. In this paper, the efficient channel attention unit is introduced into the shared feature encoder for improving the robustness of layer region encoding, while an attention fusion module is used to promote cross-branch interaction between the encoder for Task2 and that for Task3, and a shape-constrained loss function is designed for enhancing the robustness to noise based on the convex shape-prior. We use Pearson's correlation coefficient and the Bland-Altman graph to assess the degree of agreement. The dataset includes 1964 images, where 919 images are nonstandard planes, and the other 1045 images are standard planes including PS and FH. We achieve a classification accuracy of 92.26%, and for the AoP calculation, an absolute mean (STD) value of the difference in AoP (∆AoP) is 3.898° (3.192°), the Pearson's correlation coefficient between manual and automated AoP was 0.964 and the Bland-Altman plot demonstrates they were statistically significant (P < 0.05). In conclusion, our approach can achieve a fully automatic measurement of AoP with good efficiency and may help labor progress in the future.


Assuntos
Apresentação no Trabalho de Parto , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Feminino , Feto/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Gravidez , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/métodos
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