Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 12.627
Filtrar
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e248656, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345542

RESUMO

Abstract Several species of Cichla successfully colonized lakes and reservoirs of Brazil, since the 1960's, causing serious damage to local wildlife. In this study, 135 peacock bass were collected in a reservoir complex in order to identify if they represented a single dominant species or multiple ones, as several Cichla species have been reported in the basin. Specimens were identified by color pattern, morphometric and meristic data, and using mitochondrial markers COI, 16S rDNA and Control Region (CR). Overlapping morphological data and similar coloration patterns prevented their identification using the taxonomic keys to species identification available in the literature. However, Bayesian and maximum likelihood from sequencing data demonstrated the occurrence of a single species, Cichla kelberi. A single haplotype was observed for the 16S and CR, while three were detected for COI, with a dominant haplotype present in 98.5% of the samples. The extreme low diversity of the transplanted C. kelberi evidenced a limited number of founding maternal lineages. The success of this colonization seems to rely mainly on abiotic factors, such as increased water transparency of lentic environments that favor visual predators that along with the absence of predators, have made C. kelberi a successful invader of these reservoirs.


Resumo Muitas espécies de Cichla colonizaram com sucesso lagos e reservatórios do Brasil desde os anos 1960, causando graves prejuízos à vida selvagem nesses locais. Neste estudo, 135 tucunarés foram coletados em um complexo de reservatórios a fim de identificar se representavam uma espécie dominante ou múltiplas espécies, uma vez que diversas espécies de Cichla foram registradas na bacia. Os espécimes foram identificados com base na coloração, dados morfométricos e merísticos, e por marcadores mitocondriais COI, 16S rDNA e Região Controle (RC). A sobreposição dos dados morfométricos e o padrão similar de coloração impediram a identificação utilizando as chaves de identificação disponíveis na literatura. Entretanto, as análises bayesiana e de máxima verossimilhança de dados moleculares demonstraram a ocorrência de uma única espécie, Cichla kelberi. Um único haplótipo foi observado para o 16S e RC, enquanto três foram detectados para o COI, com um haplótipo dominante presente em 98,5% das amostras. A baixa diversidade nos exemplares introduzidos de C. kelberi evidenciou um número limitado de linhagens maternas fundadoras. O sucesso da invasão parece depender de fatores abióticos, como a maior transparência da água de ambientes lênticos que favorece predadores visuais que, atrelado à ausência de predadores, fez do C. kelberi um invasor bem-sucedido nesses reservatórios.


Assuntos
Animais , Ciclídeos/genética , Filogenia , Variação Genética/genética , Haplótipos/genética , Lagos , Teorema de Bayes
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253852, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355905

RESUMO

Abstract The aim objective of this study was to determine the trophic ecology of juvenile and adult Acestrorhynchus falcirostris during the rising and flood (high-water) period in six island lakes adjacent to the Solimões River. As such, we investigated: i) the trophic position, through the fractional trophic niche; ii) the niche breadth; iii) niche overlap and iv) the food strategy of the species. The specimens were collected during the years 2014 to 2017, using gillnets with mesh sizes ranging from 30 to 120mm between opposite knots. Through the analysis of stomach contents, the preference in the consumption of items of animal origin was observed. Juveniles consumed insects in greater proportions (IAi% = 50%), while adults consumed fish (IAi%=99,98%). Despite the large supply of food items available in the high-water period, juveniles were the only ones to consume items of allochthonous origin, such as insects. Juveniles presented a different dietary strategy and dietary composition to adults. Juveniles were omnivores with a generalist strategy, while adults were piscivores with a specialist strategy. Thus, the food composition, niche breadth, trophic position and feeding strategy of Acestrorhynchus falcirostris change due to the stage of development.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a ecologia trófica de juvenis e adultos de Acestrorhynchus falcirostris durante o período de enchente e cheia em seis lagos de ilha adjacentes ao rio Solimões. Assim, investigamos: i) a posição trófica, através do nicho trófico fracional; ii) a largura de nicho; iii) sobreposição de nicho; iv) a estratégia alimentar. Os espécimes foram coletados durante os anos de 2014 a 2017, utilizando redes de emalhar com malha variando de 30 a 120mm entre nós opostos. Por meio da análise do conteúdo estomacal, observamos a preferência no consumo de itens de origem animal. Os juvenis consumiram insetos em maiores proporções (IAi% = 50%), enquanto os adultos consumiram preferencialmente peixes (IAi% = 99,98%). Apesar da grande oferta de alimentos disponíveis no período da cheia, os juvenis eram os únicos a consumir itens de origem alóctone, como por exemplo, os insetos. Os juvenis apresentaram uma estratégia alimentar e composição alimentar diferente para os adultos. Os juvenis foram considerados onívoros com uma estratégia generalista, enquanto os adultos foram considerados piscívoros com uma estratégia alimentar mais especialista. Assim, a composição alimentar, amplitude do nicho, posição trófica e a estratégia alimentar de Acestrorhynchus falcirostris muda em função do estágio de desenvolvimento.


Assuntos
Animais , Rios , Caraciformes , Estações do Ano , Lagos , Ecossistema , Cadeia Alimentar , Peixes , Conteúdo Gastrointestinal
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e250134, 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1374672

RESUMO

Research work was designed to investigate the density and diversity of pelagic rotifers in a Lake near Marala Headworks. The physico-chemical parameters of water such as pH, dissolved oxygen, temperature, electrical conductivity, transparency and turbidity were evaluated. Correlation between rotifers and these parameters was also studied. Plankton sampling was done on monthly basis in order to check the population density of rotifers. In total, 18 species of rotifers were identified which belonged to 11 genera. The highest number of rotifers and their diversity was shown by genera namely Brachionus, Keratella, and Filinia. The Brachionus calyciflorus was dominant species in all the samples with mean population density (41%). Analysis of variance of physico-chemical parameters presented that the air and water temperature, electrical conductivity, transparency, dissolved oxygen and oxygen saturation were statistically significant in all the months. While pH was statistically non-significant (p≥0.05. Pearson correlation showed that oxygen and transparency were negatively correlated with rotifers density and diversity. Air and water temperature, concentration of hydrogen ions (pH), electrical conductivity and salinity showed positive relationship with density and diversity of rotifers.


O trabalho de pesquisa foi projetado para investigar a densidade e diversidade de rotíferos pelágicos em um lago perto de Marala Headworks. Foram avaliados os parâmetros físico-químicos da água como pH, oxigênio dissolvido, temperatura, condutividade elétrica, transparência e turbidez. A correlação entre rotíferos e esses parâmetros também foi estudada. A amostragem do plâncton foi realizada mensalmente para verificar a densidade populacional dos rotíferos. No total, foram identificadas 18 espécies de rotíferos pertencentes a 11 gêneros. O maior número de rotíferos e sua diversidade foi demonstrado pelos gêneros Brachionus, Keratella e Filinia. O Brachionus calyciflorus foi a espécie dominante em todas as amostras, com densidade populacional média (41%). A análise de variância dos parâmetros físico-químicos mostrou que a temperatura do ar e da água, condutividade elétrica, transparência, oxigênio dissolvido e saturação de oxigênio foram estatisticamente significantes em todos os meses. Enquanto o pH foi estatisticamente não significativo (p≥0,05), a correlação de Pearson mostrou que o oxigênio e a transparência foram negativamente correlacionados com a densidade e diversidade dos rotíferos. A temperatura do ar e da água, a concentração de íons de hidrogênio (pH), a condutividade elétrica e a salinidade mostraram relação positiva com a densidade e diversidade de rotíferos.


Assuntos
Animais , Plâncton , Rotíferos , Lagos , Dinâmica Populacional , Paquistão
4.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 124: 699-711, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182175

RESUMO

Numerous studies support that biodiversity predict most to ecosystem functioning, but whether other factors display a more significant direct impact on ecosystem functioning than biodiversity remains to be studied. We investigated 398 samples of the phytoplankton phosphorus resource use efficiency (RUEP = chlorophyll-a concentration/dissolved phosphate) across two seasons in nine plateau lakes in Yunnan Province, China. We identified the main contributors to phytoplankton RUEP and analyzed their potential influences on RUEP at different lake trophic states. The results showed that total nitrogen (TN) contributed the most to RUEP among the nine lakes, whereas community turnover (measured as community dissimilarity) explained the most to RUEP variation across the two seasons. Moreover, TN also influenced RUEP by affecting biodiversity. Species richness (SR), functional attribute diversity (FAD2), and dendrogram-based functional diversity (FDc) were positively correlated with RUEP in both seasons, while evenness was negatively correlated with RUEP at the end of the rainy season. We also found that the effects of biodiversity and turnover on RUEP depended on the lake trophic states. SR and FAD2 were positively correlated with RUEP in all three trophic states. Evenness showed a negative correlation with RUEP at the eutrophic and oligotrophic levels, but a positive correlation at the mesotrophic level. Turnover had a negative influence on RUEP at the eutrophic level, but a positive influence at the mesotrophic and oligotrophic levels. Overall, our results suggested that multiple factors and nutrient states need to be considered when the ecosystem functioning predictors and the biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships are investigated.


Assuntos
Lagos , Fitoplâncton , China , Clorofila , Ecossistema , Nitrogênio/análise , Nutrientes , Fosfatos , Fósforo/análise
5.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 124: 769-781, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182182

RESUMO

The seasonal changes in dissolved organic matter (DOM), and its correlation with the release of internal nutrients during the annual cycle of cyanobacteria in the eutrophic Lake Chaohu, China, were investigated from four sampling periods between November 2020 and July 2021. The DOM fluorescence components were identified as protein-like C1, microbial humic-like C2, and terrestrial humic-like C3. The highest total fluorescence intensity (FT) of DOM in sediments during the incubation stage is due to the decomposition and degradation of cyanobacteria remains. The lowest humification of DOM and the highest proportion of C1 in waters during the initial cyanobacterial growth indicate that fresh algae are the main source. The highest molecular weight of DOM and FT of the C2 in sediments during cyanobacterial outbreaks indicate the concurrent deposition of undegraded cyanobacterial remains and microbial degradation. The components of DOM are affected mainly by the dissolved total phosphorus in waters, while the temperature drives the annual cycle of cyanobacteria. The decreasing C1 in sediments and increasing nutrients in waters from the cyanobacterial incubation to outbreak indicate that mineralization of algal organic matter contributes importantly to the release of internal nutrients, with the strongest release of phosphorus observed during the early growth of cyanobacteria. The humic-like C2 and C3 components could also affect the dynamics of internal phosphorus through the formation of organic colloids and organic-inorganic ligands. The results show that the degradation of DOM leads to nutrients release and thus supports the continuous growth of cyanobacteria in eutrophic Lake Chaohu.


Assuntos
Cianobactérias , Lagos , China , Matéria Orgânica Dissolvida , Eutrofização , Lagos/microbiologia , Ligantes , Nutrientes , Fósforo/análise , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
6.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e244494, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285607

RESUMO

Abstract Since water is one of the essentials for life, the presence and quality of water in the habitat is extremely important. Therefore, water quality change and management of Lake Aygır was investigated in this study. For this, water samples collected from the lake and the irrigation pool between May 2015 and May 2016 were analyzed monthly. Spectrophotometric, titrimetric and microbiological methods were used to determine the water quality. According to some water quality regulations, HCO3, NH4, Cu, Mo, Br, fecal coliform and total suspended solid (TSS) values were found above the limit values. The other 29 parameters comply with Turkish national and international legislations. Lake Aygır was negatively affected by the surrounding settlements and agricultural activities. It is thought that the water resource should be monitored periodically and remedial studies should be done to prevent parameters exceeding the limits. However, Lake Aygır was generally suitable for drinking, use, fishing and irrigation.


Resumo Como a água é um dos elementos essenciais para a vida, a presença e a qualidade da água no habitat são extremamente importantes. Portanto, a mudança da qualidade da água e a gestão do lago Aygır foram investigadas neste estudo. Para isso, amostras de água coletadas no lago e na piscina de irrigação entre maio de 2015 e maio de 2016 foram analisadas mensalmente. Métodos espectrofotométricos, titulométricos e microbiológicos foram usados para determinar a qualidade da água. De acordo com alguns regulamentos de qualidade da água, os valores de HCO3, NH4, Cu, Mo, Br, coliformes fecais e total sólido suspenso (TSS) foram encontrados acima dos valores limite. Os outros 29 parâmetros estão em conformidade com as legislações nacionais e internacionais turcas. O lago Aygır foi afetado negativamente pelos assentamentos e atividades agrícolas ao redor. Pensa-se que o recurso hídrico deve ser monitorado periodicamente e estudos corretivos devem ser feitos para evitar que os parâmetros ultrapassem os limites. No entanto, o lago Aygır era geralmente adequado para beber, usar, pescar e irrigar.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Lagos , Turquia , Qualidade da Água , Monitoramento Ambiental , Pesqueiros
7.
Chemosphere ; 310: 136737, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36228726

RESUMO

The concentrations of five heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, and Zn) in the sediments, water, phytoplankton, zooplankton, and macroalgae from Kongsfjorden Fjord and the freshwater lakes of Ny-Ålesund in the Svalbard archipelago were determined in order to describe the anthropogenic impacts related to the Ny-Ålesund town. Water samples from nine stations, sediment samples from 23 stations, plankton samples from five stations, and six species of macroalgae were collected and subjected to heavy metal analysis using atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS). Only Cu and Zn were detected in the water samples. The plankton samples had only Zn, Cu, and Cr. The average metal concentrations in macroalgae fell in the decreasing order of Cu > Zn > Cr > Cd > Pb. In sediment samples, the metal order was as follows: Zn > Cu > Cr > Pb > Cd. Multivariate statistical analyses including principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) were used to identify the source of the metal contamination. The metals were found to originate from a blend of both anthropogenic and geogenic sources. Pollution monitoring indices including geoaccumulation index (Igeo), contamination factor, contamination degree (Cdeg), pollution load index (PLI), and potential ecological risk (PER) were calculated using the metal data. In the study area, Igeo values of the metals showed pollution grades from 0 (uncontaminated) to 6 (extremely contaminated). Cdeg fell in classes from 1 (low contamination) to 4 (very high contamination). PLI values ranged between 0 and 5.68. PER values expressed that except for a few stations located at higher elevations in the glacial outwash plains, all other sites were highly polluted. The high level of pollution indices in the sites can be attributed to the anthropogenic activities persistent in the study area.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Lagos , Monitoramento Ambiental , Estuários , Svalbard , Cádmio/análise , Chumbo/análise , Metais Pesados/análise , Medição de Risco , Água/análise , Sedimentos Geológicos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , China
8.
Chemosphere ; 310: 136882, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36265701

RESUMO

While water transfer from rivers to alkaline lakes has been proposed to solve lake water level drawdown and ecological degradation problems, its effectiveness for achieving ecological goals is often questionable. A sudden pH decline in alkaline lakes due to water transfer is considered likely to harm the lake ecology. However, it remains unclear to what extent water transfer affects alkaline lake pH. Thus, a three-dimensional numerical model coupling a pH calculation method considering the carbonate balance with the MIKE3 hydrodynamic model was developed to predict pH changes in an alkaline lake. Laboratory and field measurements verified the model reliability. The model accurately simulated the mixed-water pH during water transfer, with a root mean square error of 0.03-0.07 and a coefficient of determination of 0.894-0.998. The model was then applied to predict the pH response to water transfer in Lake Chenghai. The results showed that the pH response to water transfer demonstrated spatial and temporal variability, and a low-pH diffusion zone (pH ≤ 9) formed in the northern parts of the lake during annual water transfer; the effects of water transfer on the pH in the lake were cumulative over time, and the average pH in Lake Chenghai after five years decreased by 0.2 units; strong wind and low inflow could effectively reduce the low-pH diffusion area; and daily thermal stratification of the plateau region threatened the low-pH diffusion area control in Lake Chenghai. Our results provide a new reference for formulating ecological water transfer strategies for alkaline lakes and similar water bodies.


Assuntos
Lagos , Rios , Água , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Monitoramento Ambiental , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , China , Qualidade da Água
9.
J Environ Manage ; 325(Pt A): 116442, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36244282

RESUMO

Mass development of macrophytes is an increasing problem in many aquatic systems worldwide. Dense mats of macrophytes can negatively affect activities like boating, fishing or hydropower production and one of the management measures often applied is mechanical removal. In this study, we analyzed the effect of mechanical macrophyte removal on phytoplankton, zooplankton, and macroinvertebrate (pelagic and benthic samples) assemblages. Our study covered five sites in four countries in Europe and Africa with highly variable characteristics. In all sites, dense mats of different macrophyte species (Juncus bulbosus in a river in Norway; a mix of native macrophytes in a German river, Elodea nuttallii in a lake in Germany, Ludwigia spp. In a French lake and Pontederia crassipes in a South African lake) are problematic and mechanical removal was applied. In every country, we repeated the same BACI (Before-After-Control-Impact) design, including "before", "one week after", and "six weeks after" sampling in a control and an impact section. Repeating the same experimental design at all sites allowed us to disentangle common effects across all sites from site-specific effects. For each taxonomic group, we analyzed three structural and three functional parameters, which we combined in a scoring system. Overall, the removal of macrophytes negatively affected biodiversity, in particular of zooplankton and macroinvertebrate assemblages. In contrast, plant removal had positive effects on the phytoplankton assemblages. Effects were more pronounced one week after removal than six weeks after. Consequently, we suggest a stronger consideration of the effect of plant removal on biodiversity to arrive at more sustainable management practices in the future.


Assuntos
Lagos , Rios , Animais , Lagos/química , Biodiversidade , Zooplâncton , Fitoplâncton , Plantas , Ecossistema
10.
J Environ Manage ; 325(Pt A): 116372, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36252327

RESUMO

Although lakes dominated by macrophytes are conducive to ecological balance, this balance is easily disrupted by excessive nutrients flowing into the lake. However, knowledge of whether excessive nutrients lead to different microbial environmental vulnerabilities in the lake sediment between macrophyte-dominated areas and macrophyte-free areas is a prerequisite for the implementation of targeted protection measures. In this study, we investigated bacterial communities in sediments using high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA genes. Our results showed that the sources of total nitrogen (TN) and organic matter (OM) were related to the macrophytes. The structure, drivers, and interspecific associations of bacterial community, which were more susceptible to increased changes in TN and OM, differed significantly between macrophyte-dominated areas and macrophyte-free areas. More precisely, the lake edge, where was occupied by macrophytes, had a higher proportion of deterministic phylogenetic turnover (88.89%) than other sites, as well as a wider ecological niche and a tighter network structure. Further, as the difference in TN increased, the main assembly processes in surface sediments changed from stochastic to deterministic. However, the majority of phyla from the lake edge showed a greater correlation with excessive nutrients, and the selection of the community by excessive nutrients was more obvious at the edge of the lake. In addition, our results demonstrated that the stability of the bacterial community in macrophyte-free areas is greater than in macrophyte-dominated areas, while an excessively high deterministic process ratio and nutrient (TN and OM) concentration significantly reduced bacterial community stability at macrophyte-dominated areas. Taken together, these results provide a better understanding of the effects of excessive nutrients derived from macrophytes on bacterial community patterns, and highlight the importance of avoiding the accumulation of TN and OM in macrophyte-dominated areas to enhance the sustainability of the ecosystem after restoration of lakes with macrophytes.


Assuntos
Lagos , Microbiota , Ecossistema , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Filogenia , Nitrogênio , Bactérias/genética , Nutrientes , China , Fósforo
11.
J Environ Manage ; 325(Pt A): 116449, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36252329

RESUMO

Climate change alters weather patterns and hydrological cycle, thus potentially aggravating water quality impairment. However, the direct relationships between climate variability and water quality are complicated by a multitude of hydrological and biochemical mechanisms dominate the process. Thus, little is known regarding how water quality responds to climate variability in the context of changing meteorological conditions and human activities. Here, a longitudinal study was conducted using trend, correlation, and redundancy analyses to explore stream water quality sensitivity to temperature, precipitation, streamflow, and how the sensitivity was affected by watershed climate, land cover percentage, landscape configuration, fertilizer application, and tillage types. Specifically, daily pollutant concentration data of suspended solid (SS), total phosphorus (TP), soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP), total Kjeldahl nitrogen (TKN), nitrate and nitrite (NOx), and chloride (Cl) were used as water quality indicators in four Lake Erie watersheds from 1985 to 2017, during which the average temperature has increased 0.5 °C and the total precipitation has increased 9%. Results show that precipitation and flow were positively associated with SRP, NOx, TKN, TP, and SS, except for SRP and NOx in the urban basin. The rising temperatures led to increasing concentrations of SS, TKN, and TP in the urban basin. SRP and NOx sensitivity to precipitation was higher in the years with more precipitation and higher precipitation seasonality, and the basins with more spatially aggregated cropland. No-tillage and reduced tillage management could decrease both precipitation and temperature sensitivity for most pollutants. As one of the first studies leveraging multiple watershed environmental variables with long-term historical climate and water quality data, this study can assist target land use planning and management policy to mitigate future climate change effects on surface water quality.


Assuntos
Lagos , Qualidade da Água , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Monitoramento Ambiental , Fósforo/análise , Rios , Nitrogênio/análise , Mudança Climática
12.
J Environ Manage ; 325(Pt B): 116565, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36279776

RESUMO

Pyrethroid insecticides are one of the most widely used insecticides globally, posing a severe threat to human health and the environment. In this study, we applied high-throughput organic analysis testing combined with high-volume solid-phase extraction (Hi-throat/Hi-volume SPE) to elucidate the occurrence of 11 pyrethroid insecticides in lake water (n = 37), tributary river water (n = 15), and tap water (n = 6) in the Taihu Lake Basin. Permethrin was found to be the major contributing pyrethroid insecticide (detection rate = 100%). The concentrations of pyrethroid insecticides from different lake regions were revealed in the following descending order: southern > eastern > western > northern. The principal component analysis and multiple linear regression demonstrated that landscape maintenance, agricultural cultivation, and livestock breeding were the main sources of pyrethroid insecticides in the Taihu Lake surface water. Moreover, runoff input plays an important role in their accumulation, while the surrounding rivers contribute 2292 kg of pyrethroid insecticides to Taihu Lake annually. The risk assessment analysis demonstrated that pyrethroid insecticides pose a high risk to both the ecological environment and the surrounding human populations, thereby necessitating effective countermeasures. Furthermore, the pyrethroid insecticides in the Yangtze River Delta region have to be controlled. Overall, this is the first study focused on China that revealed the residue levels in water sources and tap water.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Piretrinas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Humanos , Lagos/química , Água/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Medição de Risco , China
13.
Chemosphere ; 311(Pt 1): 137076, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332738

RESUMO

It is well established that persistent organic pollutants are transported long distances in the atmosphere and deposited into aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems in remote areas, including high altitude lakes. The objective of this research was to evaluate whether compounds of wastewater origin were present in four remote upland headwater lakes in Ireland that primarily receive loadings from atmospheric deposition. Using Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Samplers (POCIS) deployed in the lakes for 60 to 68 days, seven compounds were detected at levels that could be quantified but 25 of the target compounds were not detected. The detected compounds included the cannabinoid metabolite, tetrahydrocannabinol carboxylate (THC-COOH), codeine, acetaminophen (paracetamol), ibuprofen, and the artificial sweeteners, sucralose, and saccharin, which were all present at concentrations estimated to be < 125 ng/L. Caffeine was also present in the lakes at estimated concentrations between 213 and 1320 ng/L. Cocaine and tramadol were detected in POCIS deployed in some of the lakes, but at levels below the limits of quantitation. The highest concentrations of the target analytes were detected in two lakes located in the eastern part of Ireland. These data are consistent with regional atmospheric transport of these compounds originating from wastewater treatment plants in Ireland. However, contaminants from wastewater treatment plants in the United Kingdom may also be a source in these upland lakes that are located far from emissions of urban pollution.


Assuntos
Lagos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Lagos/química , Águas Residuárias/análise , Ecossistema , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Irlanda , Compostos Orgânicos , Monitoramento Ambiental
14.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 1): 158952, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36150597

RESUMO

The identification of arsenic-contamination hotspots in alluvial aquifers is a global-scale challenge. The collection and inventory of arsenic concentration datasets in the shallow-aquifer domain of affected alluvial basins is a tedious and slow process, given the magnitude of the problem. Recent research demonstrates that oxbow-lake biogeochemistry in alluvial plains, mobilization of geogenic arsenic, and accumulation in geomorphologically well-defined areas are interacting processes that determine arsenic-contamination locations. This awareness provides a tool to identify potential arsenic-hotspots based on geomorphological similarity, and thus contribute to a more robust and targeted arsenic mitigation approach. In the present study, a conceptual predictive geospatial model is proposed for the accumulation of dissolved arsenic as a function of interaction of oxbow-lake biogeochemistry and alluvial geomorphology. A comprehensive sampling campaign in and around two oxbow lakes in the Jamuna River Basin, West Bengal (India) provided water samples of the oxbow-lake water column for analysis of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and microbial communities, and groundwater samples from tube wells in point bars and fluvial levees bordering the oxbow lakes for analysis of the geospatial distribution of arsenic in the aquifer. Results show that abundant natural and anthropogenic (faecal-derived) recalcitrant organic matter like coprostanols and sterols in clay-plug sediment favours microbial (heterotrophs, enteric pathogens) metabolism and arsenic mobilization. Arsenic concentrations in the study area are highest (averaging 505 µg/L) in point-bar aquifers geomorphologically enclosed by partially sediment-filled oxbow lakes, and much lower (averaging 121 µg/L) in wells of levee sands beyond the oxbow-lake confinement. The differences reflect variations in groundwater recharge efficiency as result of the porosity and permeability anisotropy in the alluvial geomorphological elements, where arsenic-rich groundwater is trapped in point-bars enclosed by oxbow-lake clays and, by contrast, levee ridges are not confined on all sides, resulting in a more efficient aquifer flushing and decrease of arsenic concentrations.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Água Subterrânea , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Arsênio/análise , Lagos , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Água Subterrânea/química , Água/análise
15.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 1): 158927, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36152844

RESUMO

Failures of mine tailings storage facilities (TSF) can have profound and long-lasting effects on the downstream receiving environment. Virtually all spills to date have been into river systems without large lakes that may buffer downstream impacts. In August 2014, the failure of the Mount Polley copper (Cu)-gold mine TSF in British Columbia, Canada, released ~25 × 106 m3 of water and solids; globally, this is the second largest TSF spill in history. Over 18 × 106 m3 was delivered to Quesnel Lake, which is ~9 km from the TSF and is the third deepest lake in North America, and a crucial habitat for Pacific salmon and trout populations. We determined the sediment-associated Cu concentrations and fluxes in Quesnel River, downstream of the lake, from August 2014 to February 2021 based on the analysis of >400 samples of sediment, mainly collected using a continuous-flow centrifuge. During each winter since the spill, Cu concentrations in the fluvial sediment in the upper reaches of the river (~35 km from the TSF) were elevated relative to regional background concentrations and samples collected before the spill. Maximum Cu concentrations were ~410 mg kg-1 which exceeds Canadian sediment quality guidelines for the protection of aquatic organisms (197 mg kg-1). Monitoring of Quesnel Lake since the spill shows that these annual pulses in the winter are due to resuspension of unconsolidated tailings and sediments at the bottom of Quesnel Lake, during autumnal lake turnover, which become mixed throughout the water column and subsequently flow into Quesnel River. Results show that while large lakes may buffer downstream aquatic systems from contaminated sediment, they may prolong the environmental impact. These findings are crucial in understanding how lake processes may modify the effects of TSF spills on downstream aquatic systems.


Assuntos
Lagos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Cobre/análise , Sedimentos Geológicos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Água/análise , Colúmbia Britânica
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 1): 158869, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36152846

RESUMO

Chemical oxygen demand concentration (CCOD) is widely used to indicate the degree of organic pollution of lakes, reservoirs and rivers. Mastering the spatiotemporal distribution of CCOD is imperative for understanding the variation mechanism and controlling of organic pollution in water. In this study, a hybrid approach suitable for Sentinel 3A/Ocean and Land Colour Instrument (OLCI) data was developed to estimate CCOD in inland optically complex waters embedding the interaction between CCOD and the absorption coefficients of optically active constituents (OACs). Based on in-situ sampling in different waters, the independent validations of the proposed model performed satisfactorily in Lake Taihu (MAPE = 23.52 %, RMSE = 0.95 mg/L, and R2 = 0.81), Lake Qiandaohu (MAPE = 21.63 %, RMSE = 0.50 mg/L and R2 = 0.69), and Yangtze River (MAPE = 29.34 %, RMSE = 0.83 mg/L, and R2 = 0.64). In addition, the approach not only showed significant superiority compared with previous algorithms, but also was suitable for other common satellite sensors equipped same or similar bands. The hybrid approach was applied to OLCI images to retrieve CCOD of Lake Taihu from 2016 to 2020 and reveals substantial interannual and seasonal variations. The above results indicate that the proposed approach is effective and stable for studying spatiotemporal dynamic of CCOD in optically complex waters, and that satellite-derived products can provide reliable information for lake water quality management.


Assuntos
Lagos , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto , Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Qualidade da Água , China
17.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 1): 158959, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36155036

RESUMO

Ecological models help provide forecasts of ecosystem responses to natural and anthropogenic stresses. However, their ability to create reliable predictions requires forecasts with track records sufficiently long to build confidence, skill assessments, and treating uncertainty quantitatively. We use Lake Erie harmful algal blooms as a case study to help formalize ecological forecasting. Key challenges for models include uncertainty in the deterministic structure of the load-bloom relationship and the need to assess alternative drivers (e.g., biologically available phosphorus load, spring load, longer term cumulative load) with a larger dataset. We enhanced a Bayesian model considering new information and an expanded data set, test it through cross validation and blind forecasts, quantify and discuss its uncertainties, and apply it for assessing historical and future scenarios. Allowing a segmented relationship between bloom size and spring load indicates that loading above 0.15 Gg/month will have a substantially higher marginal impact on bloom size. The new model explains 84 % of interannual variability (9.09 Gg RMSE) when calibrated to the 19-year data set and 66 % of variability in cross validation (12.58 Gg RMSE). Blind forecasts explain 84 % of HAB variability between 2014 and 2020, which is substantially better than the actual forecast track record (R2 = 0.32) over this same period. Because of internal phosphorus recycling, represented by the long-term cumulative load, it could take over a decade for HABs to fully respond to loading reductions, depending on the pace of those reductions. Thus, the desired speed and endpoint of the lake's recovery should be considered when updating and adaptively managing load reduction targets. Results are discussed in the context of ecological forecasting best pactices: incorporate new knowledge and data in model construction; account for multiple sources of uncertainty; evaluate predictive skill through validation and hindcasting; and answer management questions related to both short-term forecasts and long-term scenarios.


Assuntos
Proliferação Nociva de Algas , Lagos , Ecossistema , Teorema de Bayes , Fósforo
18.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 1): 159004, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36155037

RESUMO

Cyanobacterial blooms have profound effects on the structure and function of plankton communities in inland waters, but few studies have focused on the effects of microbial-based processes in one­carbon and nitrogen cycling on water quality improvement following the bloom. Here, we compared the structure and function of the bacterial community, focusing on microbial one­carbon and nitrogen metabolisms during and after a cyanobacterial Microcystis bloom in a deep subtropical reservoir. Our data showed that microbial one­carbon and nitrogen cycles were closely related to different periods of the bloom, and the changes of functional genes in microbial carbon and nitrogen cycling showed the same consistent trend as that of Methylomonas sp. With the receding of the bloom, the abundance of Methylomonas as well as the functional genes of microbial one­carbon and nitrogen cycling reached the peak and then recovered. Our results indicate that microbial one­carbon and nitrogen metabolisms were beneficial to the recovery of water quality from the cyanobacterial bloom. This study lays a foundation for a deep understanding of the cyanobacterial decomposition mediated by microbes in one­carbon and nitrogen cycles in inland freshwaters.


Assuntos
Cianobactérias , Microcystis , Carbono/metabolismo , Cianobactérias/metabolismo , Microcystis/metabolismo , Água Doce/microbiologia , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Eutrofização , Lagos/microbiologia
19.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 2): 158970, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36162570

RESUMO

Color dissolved organic matter (CDOM) plays a key role in lacustrine ecosystems and its composition is commonly mediated by the allochthonous input and autochthonous production. Deep lakes have a strong in-lake processing, which highly affects the sources, composition and cycle of CDOM. Here, the second deepest lake (Lake Fuxian) in China was selected to investigate the effects of allochthonous input and in-lake processing on lacustrine CDOM in deep lakes. Firstly, a detailed survey on CDOM composition across Lake Fuxian in the top water layer and inflowing rivers was carried out in the wet season representing the allochthonous input. In addition, CDOM in Lake Fuxian was compared with those in other lakes with distinct catchment characteristics and lake morphology. The results showed that compared to lacustrine CDOM in Lake Fuxian, the riverine CDOM contained much more humic-like substances, resulting in the humic-like fluorescence intensity peaked at the confluence of rivers into Lake Fuxian. In contrast, CDOM in Lake Fuxian was dominated by the protein-like substance. Comparison of CDOM composition among Lake Fuxian (well-vegetated catchment, deep lakes) with other diverse lakes in China (shallow/deep lakes with poor-vegetated catchment, and shallow lakes with well-vegetated catchment) showed similar CDOM quality in all type lakes, which were dominated by non-humified and autochthonous CDOM. Yet, CDOM quantity increased as the orders of deep lakes within poor-vegetated (Tibetan deep lakes) < the deep lake within well-vegetated catchment (Lake Fuxian) < shallow lakes within poorly-vegetated catchment (Tibetan shallow lakes) < shallow lakes within well-vegetated catchment (lakes along the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River). Our results evidenced that the effect of allochthonous input on CDOM composition could be counteracted by in-lake processing in deep lakes. For deep lakes, a comprehensive understanding of in-lake processing of CDOM is critical for predicting lacustrine DOM composition and cycle.


Assuntos
Matéria Orgânica Dissolvida , Lagos , Ecossistema , Rios , Substâncias Húmicas/análise , China , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
20.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 1): 159071, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36179833

RESUMO

Microplastic accumulation in the lake aquatic environment has attracted worldwide attention, but the long-term deposition characteristics and influencing factors of microplastics are not clear. Hence, we attempted to analyze the factors that influence the accumulation of microplastics during the process of natural environmental change and social development through the method of the sedimentological approach. In this investigation, the chronological sequence of sediment core was set up based on lead-210 composition to study microplastic accumulation rates in a plateau lake, Jianhu Lake. For the first time, the records of microplastic deposition were analyzed combined with multiple anthropogenic and natural factors, including 4 natural and 17 social factors to reveal the influence of natural processes and social development on microplastic abundances. The results showed that sediments were highly contaminated by microplastics, and the mean abundance of microplastics in the sediment cores of Jianhu Lake was 924 ± 427 particles/kg, and showed a gradually increasing trend from the bottom (25 to 30 cm) to surface layer (0 to 5 cm). Blue and black were the main colors of microplastics, and the average proportion of wirelike microplastics was 63 %. Additionally, the polymer type of microplastic was mainly rayon, the surface morphology of different polymer types was disparate, and various elements enriched on the surface of microplastics were also detected. In the past 70 years, the deposition rate of microplastics in Jianhu Lake maintained the trend of continuous growth, and the abundance of microplastics is projected to be 448 to 3017 and 513 to 3670 particles/kg by 2035 and 2050, respectively. What is more, there are significant correlations among multiple natural and anthropogenic factors and microplastic deposition, as well as microplastic polymer species.


Assuntos
Microplásticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Lagos , Plásticos , Sedimentos Geológicos , Efeitos Antropogênicos , Monitoramento Ambiental , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA