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1.
Arch Oral Biol ; 162: 105964, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582010

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the effects of small extracellular vesicles derived from lipopolysaccharide-preconditioned dental follicle cells (L-D-sEV) on periodontal ligament cells from periodontitis affected teeth (p-PDLCs) in vitro and experimental periodontitis in mice. DESIGN: In vitro, the biological function of p-PDLCs and the underlying molecular mechanism were investigated by flow cytometry, Western blot, and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis. Eighteen-eight-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into three groups: control (Con), periodontitis (Peri), and L-D-sEV groups. Mice periodontitis model was induced by placing the 5-0 silk thread (around the maxillary second molar) and P.gingivalis (1 ×107 CFUs per mouse). In vivo, the alveolar bone loss, osteoclast activity, and macrophage polarization were measured by micro-computed tomography and histological analysis. RESULTS: In vitro, the RANKL/OPG ratio and phosphorylation of JNK and P38 protein levels of p-PDLCs were significantly decreased after L-D-sEV administration. Besides, flow cytometry and qRT-PCR analysis showed that L-D-sEV reduced apoptosis of p-PDLCs, down-regulated apoptosis-related genes Caspase-3 and BCL-2-Associated X expression, and up-regulated B-cell lymphoma-2 gene levels. In vivo, L-D-sEV administration significantly reduced alveolar bone loss, inhibited osteoclast activity, and induced M2 polarization. The histological analysis showed that iNOS/CD206, RANKL/OPG, p-JNK/JNK, and p-P38/P38 ratios were significantly lower in the L-D-sEV group than in the Peri group. CONCLUSIONS: L-D-sEV administration alleviated alveolar bone loss by mediating RANKL/OPG-related osteoclast activity and M2 macrophage polarization, alleviating p-PDLCs apoptosis and proliferation via the JNK and P38 pathways.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Periodontite , Camundongos , Masculino , Animais , Perda do Osso Alveolar/patologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Saco Dentário/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Periodontite/metabolismo , Apoptose , Modelos Animais de Doenças
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(6): 1421-1428, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621925

RESUMO

To investigate the mechanism of action of aqueous extract of Strychni Semen(SA) on bone destruction in rats with type Ⅱ collagen-induced arthritis(CIA), the SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, low, medium, and high dose(2.85, 5.70, and 11.40 mg·kg~(-1)) groups of SA, and methotrexate group. Except for the normal group, the CIA model was prepared for the other groups. After the second immunization, different doses of SA were given to the low, medium, and high dose groups of SA once a day, and the methotrexate group was given once every three days. 0.3% sodium hydroxymethylcellulose(CMC-Na) was given once a day to the normal and model groups for 28 d. The clinical score of arthritis was evaluated every three days. Micro computed tomography(Micro-CT) method was used to evaluate the degree of bone destruction. Histopathological changes in the joint tissue and the number of osteoclasts in CIA rats were evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase(TRAP) staining. The expression of interleukin-1ß(IL-1ß) in the joint tissue of rats was detected by immunohistochemistry. Western blot was used to detect key protein expression in mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B(PI3K/Akt) signaling pathways in the joint tissue of rats. The results showed that different doses of SA were able to improve the red and swollen inflammatory joint and joint deformity in CIA rats to varying degrees, reduce the clinical score, inhibit synovial inflammation, vascular opacification, cartilage erosion, and bone destruction, and reduce the number of TRAP-positive cells in bone tissue. Micro-CT results showed that the SA was able to increase bone mineral density, bone volume fraction, trabecular reduce, and trabecular number and reduce bone surface/bone volume and trabecular separation/spacing. Different doses of SA could down-regulate the protein expression of IL-1ß, p-JNK, p-ERK, p-p38, PI3K, and p-Akt to varying degrees. In conclusion, SA can improve disease severity, attenuate histopathological and imaging changes in joints, and have osteoprotective effects in CIA rats, and its mechanism of action may be related to the inhibition of the overactivation of MAPK and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Artrite Reumatoide , Ratos , Animais , Colágeno Tipo II , Metotrexato , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Sêmen , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/induzido quimicamente
3.
J Comp Neurol ; 532(4): e25617, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629472

RESUMO

The New World suboscines (Passeriformes and Tyrannides) are one of the biggest endemic vertebrate radiations in South America, including the families Furnariidae and Tyrannidae. Avian brain morphology is a reliable proxy to study their evolution. The aim of this work is to elucidate whether the brains of these families reflect the ecological differences (e.g., feeding behavior) and to clarify macroevolutionary aspects of their neuroanatomy. Our hypotheses are as follows: Brain size is similar between both families and with other Passeriformes; brain morphology in Tyrannides is the result of the pressure of ecological factors; and brain disparity is low since they share ecological traits. Skulls of Furnariidae and Tyrannidae were micro-computed tomography-scanned, and three-dimensional models of the endocast were generated. Regression analyses were performed between brain volume and body mass. Linear and surface measurements were used to build phylomorphospaces and to calculate the amount of phylogenetic signal. Tyrannidae showed a larger brain disparity than Furnariidae, although it is not shaped by phylogeny in the Tyrannides. Furnariidae present enlarged Wulsts (eminentiae sagittales) but smaller optic lobes, while in Tyrannidae, it is the opposite. This could indicate that in Tyrannides there is a trade-off between the size of these two visual-related brain structures.


Assuntos
Passeriformes , Animais , Humanos , Passeriformes/anatomia & histologia , Filogenia , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Encéfalo/anatomia & histologia
4.
Braz Oral Res ; 38: e028, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597547

RESUMO

Acidic pH can modify the properties of repair cements. In this study, volumetric change and solubility of the ready-to-use bioceramic repair cement Bio-C Repair (BCR, Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil) were evaluated after immersion in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) (pH 7.0) or butyric acid (pH 4.5). Solubility was determined by the difference in initial and final mass using polyethylene tubes measuring 4 mm high and 6.70 mm in internal diameter that were filled with BCR and immersed in 7.5 mL of PBS or butyric acid for 7 days. The volumetric change was established by using bovine dentin tubes measuring 4 mm long with an internal diameter of 1.5 mm. The dentin tubes were filled with BCR at 37°C for 24 hours. Scanning was performed with micro-computed tomography (micro-CT; SkyScan 1176, Bruker, Kontich, Belgium) with a voxel size of 8.74 µm. Then, the specimens were immersed in 1.5 mL of PBS or butyric acid at and 37 °C for 7 days. After this period, a new micro-CT scan was performed. Bio-C Repair showed greater mass loss after immersion in butyric acid when compared with immersion in PBS (p<0.05). Bio-C Repair showed volumetric loss after immersion in butyric acid and increase in volume after immersion in PBS (p<0.05). The acidic pH influenced the solubility and dimensional stability of the Bio-C Repair bioceramic cement, promoting a higher percentage of solubility and decrease in volumetric values.


Assuntos
Óxidos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Animais , Bovinos , Solubilidade , Óxidos/química , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Ácido Butírico , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos Dentários/química , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Silicatos/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química
5.
Braz Oral Res ; 38: e030, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597548

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate volumetric polymerization shrinkage, degree of conversion and Vickers hardness of four bulk-fill resin composites light-activated with their dedicated light curing units (LCUs). Four groups were evaluated, according to the type of composite and curing mode: Tetric EvoCeram Bulk-fill (TEBO) and Tetric EvoFlow Bulk-fill (TEBF) were light-activated with Bluephase Style 20i (20s, in high-mode), while Tetric Powerfill (TEPO) and Tetric Powerflow (TEPF) were light-activated with Bluephase PowerCure (3s). Volumetric polymerization shrinkage test (n = 6) was performed in standardized box-shaped class-I cavities of extracted third molars (4 x 4 x 4 mm). Teeth were scanned before and after resin composite application by micro-computed tomography, and acquired data were evaluated with Amira software. Degree of conversion (n = 5) was evaluated at the top and bottom surfaces of composite cylindric samples (4 mm diameter, 4 mm thickness) using an FT-IR spectrometer (spectra between 1,500 and 1,800 cm-1, 40 scans at a resolution of 4 cm-1). Three Vickers indentations (50 g / 15 s), spaced 500 µm apart, were performed on the top and bottom composite surfaces and averaged. One-way ANOVA was used for data evaluation. TEPF showed the lowest volumetric polymerization shrinkage (p < 0.05), while the other composites were not significantly different within each other (p > 0.05). All materials presented a significant decrease in degree of conversion and Vickers hardness when compared top to bottom surfaces (p < 0.05). Bottom to top surface ratios for degree of conversion ranged from 0.8 (TEBO and TEPO) to 0.9 (TEBF and TEPF), and from 0.4 (TEPO) to 0.7 (TEBF and TEPF) for hardness. In conclusion, resinous materials present a decrease in hardness and degree of conversion from top to bottom even when a higher power is used, while the flowable material TEPF showed the lowest volumetric shrinkage values compared to the other materials.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Cárie Dentária , Humanos , Dureza , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Teste de Materiais , Polimerização , Propriedades de Superfície , Materiais Dentários
6.
PeerJ ; 12: e17178, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590702

RESUMO

Gregory's diverticulum, a digestive tract structure unique to a derived group of sand dollars (Echinoidea: Scutelliformes), is filled with sand grains obtained from the substrate the animals inhabit. The simple methods of shining a bright light through a specimen or testing response to a magnet can reveal the presence of a mineral-filled diverticulum. Heavy minerals with a specific gravity of >2.9 g/cm3 are selectively concentrated inside the organ, usually at concentrations one order of magnitude, or more, greater than found in the substrate. Analyses of diverticulum content for thirteen species from nine genera, using optical mineralogy, powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, as well as micro-computed tomography shows the preference for selection of five major heavy minerals: magnetite (Fe3O4), hematite (Fe2O3), ilmenite (FeTiO3), rutile (TiO2), and zircon (ZrSiO4). Minor amounts of heavy or marginally heavy amphibole, pyroxene and garnet mineral grains may also be incorporated. In general, the animals exhibit a preference for mineral grains with a specific gravity of >4.0 g/cm3, although the choice is opportunistic and the actual mix of mineral species depends on the mineral composition of the substrate. The animals also select for grain size, with mineral grains generally in the range of 50 to 150 µm, and do not appear to alter this preference during ontogeny. A comparison of analytical methods demonstrates that X-ray attenuation measured using micro-computed tomography is a reliable non-destructive method for heavy mineral quantification when supported by associated analyses of mineral grains extracted destructively from specimens or from substrate collected together with the specimens. Commonalities in the electro-chemical surface properties of the ingested minerals suggest that such characteristics play an important role in the selection process.


Assuntos
Titânio , Zircônio , Animais , Titânio/química , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Minerais/análise , Ferro/química , Ouriços-do-Mar
7.
J Acoust Soc Am ; 155(4): 2492-2502, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587431

RESUMO

The swim bladder in some teleost fish functions to transfer the sound energy of acoustic stimuli to the inner ears. This study uses the auditory evoked potential tests, micro-computed tomography scanning, reconstruction, and numerical modeling to assess the contribution of the swim bladder to hearing in crucian carp (Carassius carassius). The auditory evoked potential results show that, at the tested frequency range, the audiogram of fish with an intact swim bladder linearly increases, ranging from 100 to 600 Hz. Over this frequency, the sound pressure thresholds have a local lowest value at 800 Hz. The mean auditory threshold of fish with an intact swim bladder is lower than that of fish with a deflated swim bladder by 0.8-20.7 dB. Furthermore, numerical simulations show that the received pressure of the intact swim bladders occurs at a mean peak frequency of 826 ± 13.6 Hz, and no peak response is found in the deflated swim bladders. The increased sensitivity of reception in sound pressure and acceleration are 34.4 dB re 1 µPa and 40.3 dB re 1 m·s-2 at the natural frequency of swim bladder, respectively. Both electrophysiological measurement and numerical simulation results show that the swim bladder can potentially extend hearing bandwidth and further enhance auditory sensitivity in C. carassius.


Assuntos
Carpas , Animais , Bexiga Urinária , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Audição , Testes Auditivos
8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612467

RESUMO

Both bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) and abaloparatide are used to promote bone formation. However, there is no consensus about their optimal administration. We investigated the optimal administration theory for the pairing of BMP-2 and abaloparatide in a rat spinal fusion model. Group I was only implanted in carriers and saline. Carriers with 3 µg of recombinant human BMP-2 (rhBMP-2) were implanted in other groups. Abaloparatide injections were administered three times a week for group III (for a total amount of 120 µg/kg in a week) and six times a week for group IV (for a total amount of 120 µg/kg in a week) after surgery. They were euthanized 8 weeks after the surgery, and we explanted their spines at that time. We assessed them using manual palpation tests, radiography, high-resolution micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), and histological analysis. We also analyzed serum bone metabolism markers. The fusion rate in Groups III and IV was higher than in Group I, referring to the manual palpation tests. Groups III and IV recorded greater radiographic scores than those in Groups I and II, too. Micro-CT analysis showed that Tbs. Sp in Groups III and IV was significantly lower than in Group I. Tb. N in Group IV was significantly higher than in Group I. Serum marker analysis showed that bone formation markers were higher in Groups III and IV than in Group I. On the other hand, bone resorption markers were lower in Group IV than in Group I. A histological analysis showed enhanced trabecular bone osteogenesis in Group IV. Frequent administration of abaloparatide may be suitable for the thickening of trabecular bone structure and the enhancement of osteogenesis in a rat spinal fusion model using BMP-2 in insufficient doses.


Assuntos
Osteogênese , Proteína Relacionada ao Hormônio Paratireóideo , Fusão Vertebral , Humanos , Animais , Ratos , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612562

RESUMO

Fracture healing is a complex series of events that requires a local inflammatory reaction to initiate the reparative process. This inflammatory reaction is important for stimulating the migration and proliferation of mesenchymal progenitor cells from the periosteum and surrounding tissues to form the cartilaginous and bony calluses. The proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-17 family has gained attention for its potential regenerative effects; however, the requirement of IL-17 signaling within mesenchymal progenitor cells for normal secondary fracture healing remains unknown. The conditional knockout of IL-17 receptor a (Il17ra) in mesenchymal progenitor cells was achieved by crossing Il17raF/F mice with Prx1-cre mice to generate Prx1-cre; Il17raF/F mice. At 3 months of age, mice underwent experimental unilateral mid-diaphyseal femoral fractures and healing was assessed by micro-computed tomography (µCT) and histomorphometric analyses. The effects of IL-17RA signaling on the osteogenic differentiation of fracture-activated periosteal cells was investigated in vitro. Examination of the intact skeleton revealed that the conditional knockout of Il17ra decreased the femoral cortical porosity but did not affect any femoral trabecular microarchitectural indices. After unilateral femoral fractures, Il17ra conditional knockout impacted the cartilage and bone composition of the fracture callus that was most evident early in the healing process (day 7 and 14 post-fracture). Furthermore, the in vitro treatment of fracture-activated periosteal cells with IL-17A inhibited osteogenesis. This study suggests that IL-17RA signaling within Prx1+ mesenchymal progenitor cells can influence the early stages of endochondral ossification during fracture healing.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Animais , Camundongos , Consolidação da Fratura , Osteogênese , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Inflamação
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612656

RESUMO

There is no mouse model of patellar tendinopathy. This study aimed to establish a mouse inflammatory and degenerative patellar tendon injury model, which will facilitate research on patellar tendinopathy using advanced molecular tools including transgenic models. Collagenase at different doses (low dose (LD), medium dose (MD), high dose (HD)) or saline was injected over the mouse patellar tendon. At weeks 1, 2, 4, and 8 post-injection, the tendons were harvested for histology and further examined by micro-computed tomography (microCT) imaging at week 8. The optimal dose group and the saline group were further evaluated by immunohistochemical staining, gait pattern, and biomechanical properties. The histopathological score increased dose-dependently post-collagenase injection. Ectopic mineralization was observed and increased with collagenase dose. The LD group was selected for further analysis. The expression of IL-10, TNF-α, and MMP-1 significantly increased post-injection. The changes of limb idleness index (ΔLII) compared to preinjury state were significantly higher, while the ultimate load, stiffness, ultimate stress, and maximum Young's modulus were significantly lower in the LD group compared to the saline group. A mouse inflammatory degenerative model of patellar tendon injury resembling tendinopathy was established as indicated by the dose-dependent increase in tendon histopathology, ectopic calcification, decrease in biomechanical properties, and pain-associated gait changes.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Tendinopatia , Traumatismos dos Tendões , Animais , Camundongos , Regulação para Cima , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Inflamação , Modelos Animais de Doenças
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612855

RESUMO

Odontoblastic differentiation of human stem cells from the apical papilla (hSCAPs) is crucial for continued root development and dentin formation in immature teeth with apical periodontitis (AP). Fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) has been reported to regulate bone regeneration and osteogenic differentiation profoundly. However, the effect of FTO on hSCAPs remains unknown. This study aimed to identify the potential function of FTO in hSCAPs' odontoblastic differentiation under normal and inflammatory conditions and to investigate its underlying mechanism preliminarily. Histological staining and micro-computed tomography were used to evaluate root development and FTO expression in SD rats with induced AP. The odontoblastic differentiation ability of hSCAPs was assessed via alkaline phosphatase and alizarin red S staining, qRT-PCR, and Western blotting. Gain- and loss-of-function assays and online bioinformatics tools were conducted to explore the function of FTO and its potential mechanism in modulating hSCAPs differentiation. Significantly downregulated FTO expression and root developmental defects were observed in rats with AP. FTO expression notably increased during in vitro odontoblastic differentiation of hSCAPs, while lipopolysaccharide (LPS) inhibited FTO expression and odontoblastic differentiation. Knockdown of FTO impaired odontoblastic differentiation, whereas FTO overexpression alleviated the inhibitory effects of LPS on differentiation. Furthermore, FTO promoted the expression of secreted modular calcium-binding protein 2 (SMOC2), and the knockdown of SMOC2 in hSCAPs partially attenuated the promotion of odontoblastic differentiation mediated by FTO overexpression under LPS-induced inflammation. This study revealed that FTO positively regulates the odontoblastic differentiation ability of hSCAPs by promoting SMOC2 expression. Furthermore, LPS-induced inflammation compromises the odontoblastic differentiation of hSCAPs by downregulating FTO, highlighting the promising role of FTO in regulating hSCAPs differentiation under the inflammatory microenvironment.


Assuntos
Lipopolissacarídeos , Osteogênese , Humanos , Animais , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Inflamação/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio , Dioxigenase FTO Dependente de alfa-Cetoglutarato/genética
12.
J Exp Biol ; 227(8)2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584490

RESUMO

The mechanical forces experienced during movement and the time constants of muscle activation are important determinants of the durations of behaviours, which may both be affected by size-dependent scaling. The mechanics of slow movements in small animals are dominated by elastic forces and are thus quasistatic (i.e. always near mechanical equilibrium). Muscular forces producing movement and elastic forces resisting movement should scale identically (proportional to mass2/3), leaving the scaling of the time constant of muscle activation to play a critical role in determining behavioural duration. We tested this hypothesis by measuring the duration of feeding behaviours in the marine mollusc Aplysia californica whose body sizes spanned three orders of magnitude. The duration of muscle activation was determined by measuring the time it took for muscles to produce maximum force as A. californica attempted to feed on tethered inedible seaweed, which provided an in vivo approximation of an isometric contraction. The timing of muscle activation scaled with mass0.3. The total duration of biting behaviours scaled identically, with mass0.3, indicating a lack of additional mechanical effects. The duration of swallowing behaviour, however, exhibited a shallower scaling of mass0.17. We suggest that this was due to the allometric growth of the anterior retractor muscle during development, as measured by micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) scans of buccal masses. Consequently, larger A. californica did not need to activate their muscles as fully to produce equivalent forces. These results indicate that muscle activation may be an important determinant of the scaling of behavioural durations in quasistatic systems.


Assuntos
Aplysia , Músculos , Animais , Aplysia/fisiologia , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Músculos/fisiologia , Comportamento Alimentar/fisiologia , Deglutição/fisiologia
13.
Biofabrication ; 16(3)2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569492

RESUMO

Tissue engineering has emerged as an advanced strategy to regenerate various tissues using different raw materials, and thus it is desired to develop more approaches to fabricate tissue engineering scaffolds to fit specific yet very useful raw materials such as biodegradable aliphatic polyester like poly (lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA). Herein, a technique of 'wet 3D printing' was developed based on a pneumatic extrusion three-dimensional (3D) printer after we introduced a solidification bath into a 3D printing system to fabricate porous scaffolds. The room-temperature deposition modeling of polymeric solutions enabled by our wet 3D printing method is particularly meaningful for aliphatic polyester, which otherwise degrades at high temperature in classic fuse deposition modeling. As demonstration, we fabricated a bilayered porous scaffold consisted of PLGA and its mixture with hydroxyapatite for regeneration of articular cartilage and subchondral bone. Long-termin vitroandin vivodegradation tests of the scaffolds were carried out up to 36 weeks, which support the three-stage degradation process of the polyester porous scaffold and suggest faster degradationin vivothanin vitro. Animal experiments in a rabbit model of articular cartilage injury were conducted. The efficacy of the scaffolds in cartilage regeneration was verified through histological analysis, micro-computed tomography (CT) and biomechanical tests, and the influence of scaffold structures (bilayerversussingle layer) onin vivotissue regeneration was examined. This study has illustrated that the wet 3D printing is an alternative approach to biofabricate tissue engineering porous scaffolds based on biodegradable polymers.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Animais , Coelhos , Porosidade , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Temperatura , Tecidos Suporte/química , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Polímeros , Poliésteres , Impressão Tridimensional
14.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0300098, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625996

RESUMO

The structural morphology of coronary stents and the local hemodynamic environment following stent deployment in coronary arteries are crucial determinants of procedural success and subsequent clinical outcomes. High-resolution intracoronary imaging has the potential to facilitate geometrically accurate three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of coronary stents. This work presents an innovative algorithm for the 3D reconstruction of coronary artery stents, leveraging intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and angiography. The accuracy and reproducibility of our method were tested in stented patient-specific silicone models, with micro-computed tomography serving as a reference standard. We also evaluated the clinical feasibility and ability to perform computational fluid dynamics (CFD) studies in a clinically stented coronary bifurcation. Our experimental and clinical studies demonstrated that our proposed algorithm could reproduce the complex 3D stent configuration with a high degree of precision and reproducibility. Moreover, the algorithm was proved clinically feasible in cases with stents deployed in a diseased coronary artery bifurcation, enabling CFD studies to assess the hemodynamic environment. In combination with patient-specific CFD studies, our method can be applied to stenting optimization, training in stenting techniques, and advancements in stent research and development.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Vasos Coronários , Humanos , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/anatomia & histologia , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Imageamento Tridimensional , Estudos de Viabilidade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Stents , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia
15.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0299896, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568900

RESUMO

The objective was to evaluate the effect of glide path and coronal flaring on the dentin volume removal and percentage of touched walls in curved canals using two heat-treated rotary files. The mesiobuccal canal of forty-eight, randomly selected, extracted mandibular molars was divided into two groups of 24 each, according to the type of instrument used (RACE EVO and EdgeSequel rotary files). Each group was further divided into three subgroups; Group (A): Control using one file shaped to 04/30, Group (B) with a glide path (EdgeGlidePath (EGP)), and Group (C): with a glide path and coronal flaring (EGP and EdgeTaper Platinum (ETP) SX file respectively). The root canals were then instrumented using the assigned instruments. The assessment was carried out using micro-CT. The comparison of the mean values of the tested groups about dentin volume removal and percentage of untouched walls did not reach statistical significance (p<0.05). Glide path and coronal flaring had an insignificant effect on the dentin volume removal and percentage of untouched walls in curved canals.


Assuntos
Temperatura Alta , Níquel , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Microtomografia por Raio-X/métodos , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Ligas , Titânio , Cavidade Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagem , Cavidade Pulpar/cirurgia , Desenho de Equipamento
16.
Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd ; 166(4): 191-205, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572821

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Incisor malocclusion in rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) is a common clinical problem seen in general practice. Given that the growth rate is about 2 mm per week, a lack of wear quickly leads to feeding difficulties and soft tissue injuries. Therefore, pathologically elongated incisors must be shortened every three to six weeks. The goal of this study was to assess the potential adverse effects on dental and periodontal tissues associated with the three most commonly used trimming methods: nail cutter, diamond-coated cutting disc and diamond burr. The left mandibular incisor of 28 healthy New Zealand rabbits was subjected to four trimmings with one of the three cutting methods. After the fattening period, the mandibles were collected and both mandibular incisors were investigated on dental radiographs, micro-computed tomography scans and histological sections. Dental and periodontal tissue changes were evaluated. This study allowed a more accurate statement of the potential short-term adverse effects of the three trimming methods. At the clinical level, the nail cutter caused the formation of an irregular occlusal surface with sharp edges. Both engine-drive methods allowed the attainment of a smooth surface but the disc was less accurate. Histological evaluation revealed that the primary modifications, including coronal fractures, periodontal ligament widening and inflammation, reparative osteodentine, paracementosis and biofilm accumulation, were found in the nail cutter group.


INTRODUCTION: La malocclusion des incisives chez le lapin (Oryctolagus cuniculus) est un problème clinique courant en médecine générale. Étant donné que le taux de croissance est d'environ 2 mm par semaine, un manque d'usure entraîne rapidement des difficultés d'alimentation et des lésions des tissus mous. Par conséquent, les incisives pathologiquement trop longues doivent être raccourcies toutes les trois à six semaines. L'objectif de cette étude était d'évaluer les effets négatifs potentiels sur les tissus dentaires et parodontaux associés aux trois méthodes de taille les plus couramment utilisées: le coupeongles, le disque de coupe diamanté et la fraise diamantée. L'incisive mandibulaire gauche de 28 lapins néo-zélandais en bonne santé a été soumise à quatre tailles avec l'une des trois méthodes de coupe. Après la période d'engraissement, les mandibules ont été prélevées et les deux incisives mandibulaires ont été examinées sur des radiographies dentaires, des examens micro-tomodensitométriques et des coupes histologiques. Les modifications des tissus dentaires et parodontaux ont été évaluées. Cette étude a permis de mieux cerner les effets indésirables potentiels à court terme des trois méthodes de coupe. Au niveau clinique, le coupe-ongles a entraîné la formation d'une surface occlusale irrégulière avec des bords tranchants. Les deux autres méthodes de taille permettent d'obtenir une surface lisse, mais le disque est moins précis. L'évaluation histologique a révélé que les modifications primaires, y compris les fractures coronaires, l'élargissement et l'inflammation du ligament parodontal, l'ostéodentine réparatrice, la paracémentose et l'accumulation de biofilm, ont été trouvées dans le groupe coupe-ongles.


Assuntos
Incisivo , Mandíbula , Coelhos , Animais , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Incisivo/cirurgia , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Mandíbula/cirurgia
17.
FASEB J ; 38(7): e23594, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573451

RESUMO

A high prevalence of osteoarthritis (OA) has been observed among individuals living at high altitudes, and hypobaric hypoxia (HH) can cause bone mass and strength deterioration. However, the effect of HH on OA remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to explore the impact of HH on OA and its potential mechanisms. A rat knee OA model was established by surgery, and the rats were bred in an HH chamber simulating a high-altitude environment. Micro-computed tomography (Micro-CT), histological analysis, and RNA sequencing were performed to evaluate the effects of HH on OA in vivo. A hypoxic co-culture model of osteoclasts and osteoblasts was also established to determine their effects on chondrogenesis in vitro. Cartilage degeneration significantly worsened in the HH-OA group compared to that in the normoxia-OA (N-OA) group, 4 weeks after surgery. Micro-CT analysis revealed more deteriorated bone mass in the HH-OA group than in the N-OA group. Decreased hypoxia levels in the cartilage and enhanced hypoxia levels in the subchondral bone were observed in the HH-OA group. Furthermore, chondrocytes cultured in a conditioned medium from the hypoxic co-culture model showed decreased anabolism and extracellular matrix compared to those in the normoxic model. RNA sequencing analysis of the subchondral bone indicated that the glycolytic signaling pathway was highly activated in the HH-OA group. HH-related OA progression was associated with alterations in the oxygen environment and bone remodeling in the subchondral zone, which provided new insights into the pathogenesis of OA.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite , Oxigênio , Animais , Ratos , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Hipóxia , Osteoartrite/etiologia , Remodelação Óssea
18.
Eur Endod J ; 9(2): 124-132, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38456466

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of WaveOne Glider (WOGG) with Waveone Gold (WOG) primary reciprocation systems on root dentine microcrack formation and to know the effect of TruNatomy Glider (TRNG) with TruNatomy (TRN) prime rotary systems on root dentine microcrack formation. METHODS: In this study, 40 extracted mandibular first molar roots were selected and divided randomly into four groups (n=10). Group MWOG: a manual glide path was performed + WOG primary. Group MTRN: manual glide path performed+TRN prime. Additionally, group WOGG: glide path preparation with WOGG+WOG primary. Finally, for group TRNG, the glide path preparation was performed with TRNG+TRN prime. Micro-CT was used for pre and post-instrumentation image analysis. Statistical analysis was performed using the Kruskal- Wallis test (p<0.05) with Two-way ANOVA. RESULTS: The Kruskal-Wallis test showed no significant differences among all groups in all thirds for pre and post-instrumentation regarding the crack formation. The Two-way ANOVA showed no significant difference or interaction between the ways of glide path preparation, whether manual or reciprocal WOGG, or between the rotary TRNG and the motion used in root canal preparation (rotary TRN or reciprocal WOG) regarding the crack formation and propagation. CONCLUSION: Microcrack formation and propagation occurred independently of using different glide path techniques (manual, rotary, or reciprocal).


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Cavidade Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Ouro
19.
Pediatr Surg Int ; 40(1): 81, 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38498203

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Impaired fetal lung vasculature determines the degree of pulmonary hypertension in the congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). This study aims to demonstrate the morphometric measurements that differ in pulmonary vessels of fetuses with CDH. METHODS: Nitrofen-induced CDH Sprague-Dawley rat fetuses were scanned with microcomputed tomography. The analysis of the pulmonary vascular tree was performed with artificial intelligence. RESULTS: The number of segments in CDH was significantly lower than that in the control group on the left (U = 2.5, p = 0.004) and right (U = 0, p = 0.001) sides for order 1(O1), whereas there was a significant difference only on the right side for O2 and O3. The pooled element numbers in the control group obeyed Horton's law (R2 = 0.996 left and R2 = 0.811 right lungs), while the CDH group broke it. Connectivity matrices showed that the average number of elements of O1 springing from elements of O1 on the left side and the number of elements of O1 springing from elements of O3 on the right side were significantly lower in CDH samples. CONCLUSION: According to these findings, CDH not only reduced the amount of small order elements, but also destroyed the fractal structure of the pulmonary arterial trees.


Assuntos
Hérnias Diafragmáticas Congênitas , Ratos , Animais , Hérnias Diafragmáticas Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Hérnias Diafragmáticas Congênitas/induzido quimicamente , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Inteligência Artificial , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Éteres Fenílicos , Modelos Animais de Doenças
20.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 294, 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The preparation of the middle mesial (MM) canal of mandibular molars represents a challenge because it is often curved, narrow, and close to the root concave. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ex vivo shaping ability of 3 nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary systems in the MM canal using 3D printed resin tooth replicas. METHODS: A permanent mandibular first molar with a MM canal was acquired from a pool of extracted teeth and reproduced by a 3D printer. The resin tooth replicas (n = 18) were equally assigned to 3 groups for the evaluation of the shaping abilities of 3 NiTi rotary systems (OneShape [OS], Twisted Files [TF], and ProTaper Gold [PTG]) according to the manufacturer's recommendations. The tooth replicas were scanned by micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) twice before and after instrumentation of the mesiobuccal (MB), mesiolingual (ML), and MM root canals. After 3D reconstruction, the canal straightening, change of root canal volume and surface area, the mesial and distal canal wall thickness and canal transportation at the levels of 1, 2, and 3 mm below furcation were assessed. One-way variance analysis and Turkey's post hoc test were used for comparisons of the means among different groups, and paired-t test was used to compare the mesial and distal sides of the mesial roots. RESULTS: As compared with OS and TF, the use of PTG in preparation of MM canals resulted in significantly more straightening of canal curvature (p < 0.05), greater post-instrumentation canal volume and surface area, and thinner mesial and distal remaining canal wall thickness at 1, 2 and 3 mm below furcation (all p < 0.05). Regarding the root canal transportation in the mesiodistal direction, there was no significant difference among the 3 instruments (all p > 0.05) after the preparation of the MB and ML canals. However, in the MM canal, more pronounced transportation was detected in the PTG group at 2 mm below furcation, and in the TF group at 3 mm below furcation as compared with the other 2 systems (both p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: 3D printed tooth replicas have the advantages of consistency and can be an ideal model to evaluate the shaping ability of different instruments in the MM canal. OS and TF files performed similarly and both are appropriate for shaping the MM canal, while PTG may cause excessive and uneven resin removal, especially near the furcation, and may lead to root fragility and procedural errors.


Assuntos
Ligas , Cavidade Pulpar , Níquel , Humanos , Cavidade Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagem , Microtomografia por Raio-X/métodos , Titânio , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Impressão Tridimensional , Desenho de Equipamento
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