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1.
BMC Genomics ; 23(1): 15, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34983398

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neonicotinoids are widely applied in the control of the destructive agricultural pest Bemisia tabaci, and resistance against these chemicals has become a common, severe problem in the control of whiteflies. To investigate the molecular mechanism underlying resistance against nenonicotinoids in whiteflies, RNA-seq technology was applied, and the variation in the transcriptomic profiles of susceptible whiteflies and whiteflies selected by imidacloprid, acetamiprid and thiamethoxam treatment was characterized. RESULTS: A total of 90.86 GB of clean sequence data were obtained from the 4 transcriptomes. Among the 16,069 assembled genes, 584, 110 and 147 genes were upregulated in the imidacloprid-selected strain (IMI), acetamiprid-selected strain (ACE), and thiamethoxam (THI)-selected strain, respectively, relative to the susceptible strain. Detoxification-related genes including P450s, cuticle protein genes, GSTs, UGTs and molecular chaperone HSP70s were overexpressed in the selected resistant strains, especially in the IMI strain. Five genes were downregulated in all three selected resistant strains, including 2 UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B18-like genes (LOC 109030370 and LOC 109032577). CONCLUSIONS: Ten generations of selection with the three neonicotinoids induced different resistance levels and gene expression profiles, mainly involving cuticle protein and P450 genes, in the three selected resistant whitefly strains. The results provide a reference for research on resistance and cross-resistance against neonicotinoids in B. tabaci.


Assuntos
Hemípteros , Inseticidas , Animais , Hemípteros/genética , Resistência a Inseticidas/genética , Inseticidas/farmacologia , Neonicotinoides , Nitrocompostos , Tiametoxam
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 4): 150920, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653458

RESUMO

The toxicity of single pesticides is likely underestimated when considering complex pesticide mixtures found in agricultural runoff and this is especially true for newer pesticides with little toxicity data on non-target species. The goal of our study was to compare the toxicity of two newer pesticides, imidacloprid (IMI) and chlorantraniliprole (CHL), when an invertebrate and fish were exposed to single compounds, binary mixtures or surface water collected near agricultural fields. A secondary goal was to determine whether changes in select subcellular molecular pathways correspond to the insecticides' mechanisms of activity in aquatic organisms. We conducted acute (96 h) exposures using a dilution series of field water and environmentally relevant concentrations of single and binary mixtures of IMI and CHL. We then evaluated survival, gene expression and the activity of IMI toward the n-acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) and CHL activity toward the ryanodine receptor (RyR). Both IMI and CHL were detected at all sampling locations for May 2019 and September 2019 sampling dates and exposure to field water led to high invertebrate but not fish mortality. Fish exposed to field collected water had significant changes in the relative expression of genes involved with detoxification and neuromuscular function. Exposure of fish to single compounds or binary mixtures of IMI and CHL led to increased relative gene expression of RyR in fish. Furthermore, we found that IMI targets the nAChR in aquatic invertebrates and that CHL can cause overactivation of the RyR in invertebrates and fish. Overall, our finding suggests that IMI and CHL may impact neuromuscular health in fish. Expanding monitoring efforts to include sublethal and molecular assays would allow the detection of subcellular level effects due to complex mixtures present in surface water near agricultural areas.


Assuntos
Cyprinidae , Inseticidas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Cyprinidae/genética , Expressão Gênica , Inseticidas/análise , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Nitrocompostos/toxicidade , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , ortoaminobenzoatos
3.
J Sci Food Agric ; 102(1): 341-349, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34111305

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neonicotinoids are widely used insecticides, and tea is a popular non-alcoholic beverage in Taiwan. However, the levels of neonicotinoids in Taiwanese tea leaves remain unclear. Therefore, this study aims to understand the characteristics of neonicotinoid and metabolite residues in Taiwanese tea leaves. METHODS: In this study, 12 tea leaf samples were collected in Taiwan and extracted by solid-phase extraction before analysis by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. In addition, the levels of neonicotinoids were compared with the maximum residue level standards from other countries. RESULTS: In Taiwanese tea leaves, five neonicotinoids and seven metabolites were detected. Different tea species influenced the levels of neonicotinoids and their metabolites in the present study. Moreover, the levels of neonicotinoids and their metabolites in partially fermented leaves were higher than in completely fermented leaves. In Jin-Xuan tea, the levels of neonicotinoids and their metabolites in most winter-harvested teas were lower than in summer-harvested teas. CONCLUSION: The residue levels of neonicotinoids and their metabolites were detectable in Taiwanese tea leaves. Moreover, different tea species, manufacturing processes, and harvest seasons might influence the levels of these pesticides. Therefore, the government should monitor the use of neonicotinoids. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Camellia sinensis/química , Inseticidas/análise , Neonicotinoides/análise , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Cromatografia Líquida , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Folhas de Planta/química , Extração em Fase Sólida , Taiwan , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Chá/química
4.
J Sci Food Agric ; 102(1): 417-424, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34143904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thiamethoxam is widely used to control pests in Chinese kale, popularly consumed leafy vegetables. The potential risk to the environment and human health has aroused much public concern. Therefore, it is important to investigate the degradation behavior, residue distribution and dietary risk assessment of thiamethoxam in Chinese kale. RESULTS: A sensitive analytical method for determination of thiamethoxam and its metabolite clothianidin residue in Chinese kale was established and validated through a quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) technique with ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). The recoveries were 85.4-101.2% for thiamethoxam and 79.5-108.1% for clothianidin, with the relative standard deviations (RSDs) of 0.9-10.2% and 1.8-6.0%, respectively. For the dissipation kinetics, the data showed that thiamethoxam in Chinese kale was degraded with the half-lives of 4.1 to 4.5 days. In the terminal residue experiments, the residues of thiamethoxam were 0.017-0.357 mg kg-1 after application 2-3 times with a preharvest interval (PHI) of 7 days under the designed dosages. The chronic and acute dietary exposure assessment risk quotient (RQ) values of thiamethoxam in Chinese kale for different Chinese consumers were 0.08-0.19% and 0.05-0.12%, respectively, and those of clothianidin were 0.01-0.04% and 0.02-0.04%, respectively, all of the RQ values were lower than 100%. CONCLUSION: Thiamethoxam in Chinese kale was rapidly degraded following first-order kinetics models. The dietary risk of thiamethoxam and clothianidin through Chinese kale was negligible to consumers. The results from this study are important reference for Chinese governments to developing criteria for the safe and rational use of thiamethoxam, setting maximum residue levels (MRLs), monitoring the quality safety of agricultural products and protecting consumer health. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Brassica/química , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Guanidinas/metabolismo , Neonicotinoides/metabolismo , Resíduos de Praguicidas/química , Resíduos de Praguicidas/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Tiametoxam/química , Tiametoxam/metabolismo , Tiazóis/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brassica/metabolismo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Exposição Dietética/efeitos adversos , Exposição Dietética/análise , Feminino , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Humanos , Cinética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Verduras/química , Verduras/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
5.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131565, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34280832

RESUMO

Hydroxyl radical (•OH) plays a critical role in driving organic pollutants degradation during redox fluctuations. Such processes have been frequently investigated in sedimentary environments, but rarely referred to the agricultural fields, such as paddy soils with frequent occurrence of redox fluctuations. Our findings demonstrated that extensive •OH (40.3-1061.4 µmol kg-1) was produced during oxygenation of anoxic paddy slurries under circumstance conditions. Wet chemical sequential extractions, Mössbauer spectra, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy characterizations collectively corroborated that 0.5 M HCl-extracted Fe(II) (i.e., surface-bound Fe and Fe in low-crystalline minerals) contributed to more •OH production than aqueous Fe2+. The produced •OH can efficiently induce the oxidative transformation of organic carbon and the degradation of imidacloprid (IMP), which in turn produced the by-products, such as IMP-urea, IMP-olefin, and 6-chloronicontinic acid, via •OH-attacking mechanisms. Quenching experiments showed that hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was the important intermediate for •OH formation via Haber-Weiss mechanisms during oxygenation processes. These findings indicate that abundant •OH can be produced during the redox fluctuations of paddy soil, which might be of great significance to predict the removal of organic contaminants and the mineralization of organic carbon in paddy fields.


Assuntos
Radical Hidroxila , Solo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Neonicotinoides , Nitrocompostos , Oxirredução
6.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131584, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293560

RESUMO

Continual input of neonicotinoid insecticides occurs in the citrus orchards from southern China. However, it is still unknown about the variations in the distribution and accumulation of neonicotinoids in soil profiles along a long-term chronosequence of cultivation and the driving factors contributing to these shifts. Here, changes of neonicotinoids in the 0-100 cm soil profiles with distinct orchard cultivation age (1, 10, and 20 years) were investigated, and their related factors were further determined. The results showed that the total levels of five target neonicotinoids (∑5NEOs) in the soil profiles were in the range of 0-25.76 ng/g dw. Imidacloprid was the most dominating neonicotinoid, followed by thiamethoxam. We observed higher neonicotinoid accumulations in the soil profiles from the citrus orchards after 10 and 20 years of cultivation. Neonicotinoids migrated deeper into the soil profiles in orchards with a longer time since cultivation. Imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, and the total amount of neonicotinoid (∑5NEOs) were mainly affected by the cultivation age of citrus orchards (accounting for 58.9% variance; P < 0.001); whereas clothianidin, acetamiprid, and thiacloprid were mainly influenced by soil depths (accounting for 66.9-85.2% variance; P < 0.05). Redundancy analyzes further indicated that the enhanced accumulation of neonicotinoids was mainly correlated with the increase of soil organic carbon (SOC) content and soil porosity, and the reduction of bulk density in the profiles of citrus orchards with increasing cultivation age. This study highlights the finding that we should give more concerns about the contamination and ecological risks of neonicotinoids in the orchards with a long cultivation age.


Assuntos
Citrus , Solo , Carbono , China , Neonicotinoides
7.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt A): 127344, 2022 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607030

RESUMO

Machine learning (ML) is a branch of artificial intelligence (AI) that enables the analysis of complex multivariate data. ML has significant potential in risk assessments of non-target insects for modeling the multiple factors affecting insect health, including the adverse effects of agrochemicals. Here, the potential of ML for risk assessments of glyphosate (herbicide; formulation) and imidacloprid (insecticide, neonicotinoid; formulation) on the stingless bee Melipona quadrifasciata was explored. The collective behavior of forager bees was analyzed after in vitro exposure to agrochemicals. ML algorithms were applied to identify the agrochemicals that the bees have been exposed to based on multivariate behavioral features. Changes in the in situ detection of different proteins in the midgut were also studied. Imidacloprid exposure leads to the greatest changes in behavior. The ML algorithms achieved a higher accuracy (up to 91%) in identifying agrochemical contamination. The two agrochemicals altered the detection of cells positive for different proteins, which can be detrimental to midgut physiology. This study provides a holistic assessment of the sublethal effects of glyphosate and imidacloprid on a key pollinator. The procedures used here can be applied in future studies to monitor and predict multiple environmental factors affecting insect health in the field.


Assuntos
Agroquímicos , Inseticidas , Agroquímicos/toxicidade , Animais , Inteligência Artificial , Abelhas , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Aprendizado de Máquina , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Nitrocompostos/toxicidade
8.
Sci Total Environ ; 805: 150383, 2022 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818785

RESUMO

Imidacloprid (IMI), an emerging pollutant, has high toxicity to non-target organisms. This paper presents the kinetics of IMI removal by ferrate(VI) at different pH (6.0-9.0), molar ratios ([ferrate(VI)]:[IMI]) and added Fe(III) ions. The apparent second-order rate constant (kapp) decreased with increase in pH from pH 6.0 to 9.0 (i.e., (1.2 ± 0.1) × 102 M-1 s-1 to (8.3 ± 0.3) M-1 s-1). The species-specific rate constants were obtained as k (HFeO4-) = 1.3 × 102 M-1 s-1 and k (FeO42-) = 6.9 M-1 s-1. The decreases in the concentration of HFeO4- with increase in pH caused the observed pH dependence in kapp. At pH 7.0, the removal of IMI increased with the molar ratio from 1.0 to 10.0 with complete removal at the highest ratio. The variation in pH from 6.0 to 9.0 had no obvious effect on removal of IMI. Experiments indicate that IMI removal is mainly by ferrate(VI) oxidation and to a lesser extent by Fe(III) adsorption. Mineralization of IMI was also observed (20-26%). The addition of Fe(III) ions to ferrate(VI)-IMI at pH 7.0 and 8.0 resulted in enhanced removal of IMI, but the presence of Ca2+, SO42-, HCO3-, and humic acid (HA) has negative effects. The presence of coexisting substances in river water slightly decreased IMI removal by ferrate(VI) by less than 10%. Identification of products and frontier electron density (FED) calculations demonstrated involvement of opening of the five-membered heterocyclic moiety of IMI by ferrate(VI). Toxicity assessment with NIH 3T3 fibroblasts and ECOSAR analysis indicated lower toxicity of oxidized products than parent IMI.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Adsorção , Compostos Férricos , Ferro , Cinética , Neonicotinoides , Nitrocompostos , Oxirredução , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
9.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 3): 132303, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562705

RESUMO

Neonicotinoids are widely used pesticides all over the world and pose severe water pollution. Although they can be degraded via absorbing sunlight, few attentions have been paid to the environmental risks of their photolysis products. In this paper, the photo-toxicity was investigated for four neonicotinoids (dinotefuran, nitenpyram, thiamethoxam and clothianidin) based on a series of experiments (i.e., photolysis kinetics, radical scavenging, bioluminescent inhibition test to Vibrio Fischeri and intermediate identification) and in-silico calculation of photolysis pathway. The results show that direct photolysis dominates the photolysis of the four neonicotinoids under simulated sunlight radiation. The bioluminescent inhibition kinetics shows that all four neonicotinoids have photo-induced toxicity to V. fischeri, but with different light-induced responses. Scavenging radicals (·OH and 1O2) will decrease the photo-induced toxicity of all the four neonicotinoids, indicating radicals play important roles to the photo-chemical reactions of intermediates. Dissolved organic matters exhibit slightly shading effect to the photolysis rates of four parent compounds. However, the ROSs generated by DOM can accelerate the photo-chemical reactions of intermediates, leading to different photo-induced toxicity in present of DOM. According to the detected intermediates and Gaussian calculations, there are different photolysis pathways and mechanisms for the four neonicotinoids. The calculation for photo-sensitization reactions with 3O2 indicates that both energy transfer reactions and electron transfer reactions can be produced under simulated sunlight radiation, which further consolidate that reactive oxygen species are involved in the photolysis process. A theoretical model has been developed to explain the toxicity variations of four neonicotinoids in different aqueous conditions.


Assuntos
Praguicidas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Aliivibrio fischeri , Cinética , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Praguicidas/toxicidade , Fotólise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
10.
Environ Pollut ; 294: 118676, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34906595

RESUMO

Although many toxicological studies on pesticides and nanoparticles have been conducted, it is not clear whether nanoparticles will increase the toxicity of pesticides. In this study, we chose imidacloprid (IMI) as a representative pesticide, and explored the influence of ZnO NPs on the toxic effect of IMI. In addition, we studied the bioaccumulation of IMI in mice. Using biochemical index analysis, liver histopathological analysis, non-targeted metabolomics, and LC/MS analysis, we found that ZnO NPs increased the toxicity of IMI, which may be related to the increase in IMI bioaccumulation in mice. In addition, we used intestinal histopathological analysis, RT-qPCR, and 16sRNA sequencing to find that the disturbance of the gut microbiota and the impaired intestinal barrier caused by ZnO NPs may be the reason for the increase in IMI bioaccumulation. In summary, our results indicate that ZnO NPs disrupted the intestinal barrier and enhanced the bioaccumulation of IMI, and therefore increased the toxicity of IMI in mice. Our research has deepened the toxicological insights between nanomaterials and pesticides.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Nitrocompostos/toxicidade , Óxido de Zinco , Animais , Disponibilidade Biológica , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Óxido de Zinco/toxicidade
11.
Aquat Toxicol ; 242: 106050, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34915355

RESUMO

Shrimp aquaculture is a valuable source of quality seafood that can be impacted by exposure to insecticides, such as imidacloprid. Here, adult black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) were used to evaluate the activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), catalase (CAT), and glutathione S-transferase (GST) in abdominal, head, gill, and hepatopancreas tissue as biomarkers for imidacloprid exposure. Adult P. monodon were continuously exposed to imidacloprid in water (5 µgL-1 and 30 µgL-1) or feed (12.5 µg g-1 and 75 µg g-1) for either 4 or 21 days. The imidacloprid concentration in shrimp tissues was determined using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry after QuEChER extraction, and AChE, CAT, and GST activities were estimated by spectrophotometric assay. Imidacloprid exposure in shrimp elevated the activity of biomarkers, and the enzymatic activity was positively correlated to tissue imidacloprid accumulation, although the effects varied in a tissue-, dose- and time-dependent manner. AChE activity was correlated to imidacloprid concentration in the abdominal tissue of shrimp and was likely related to neural tissue distribution, while the activity of CAT and GST confirmed a generalised anti-oxidant stress response. AChE, CAT, and GST were valuable biomarkers for assessing shrimp response to imidacloprid exposure from dietary or water sources, and the abdominal tissue was the most reliable for exposure assessment. An elevated response in each of these biomarkers during routine monitoring could provide an early warning of shrimp stress, suggesting that investigating potential contamination by neonicotinoid pesticides would be worthwhile.


Assuntos
Neonicotinoides , Nitrocompostos , Penaeidae , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Acetilcolinesterase , Animais , Biomarcadores , Catalase , Exposição Ambiental , Glutationa Transferase , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Nitrocompostos/toxicidade , Penaeidae/efeitos dos fármacos , Penaeidae/enzimologia , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
12.
Food Chem ; 367: 130653, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343809

RESUMO

A uniform spherical structure covalent organic framework (TAPA-BPDA-COF) was prepared by a facile method at room temperature with tris(4-aminophenyl)amine (TAPA) and 4,4'-biphenyldicarboxaldehyde (BPDA) as building blocks. Based on the solid phase extraction with the TAPA-BPDA-COF as the sorbent and high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection, a sensitive analytical method was established for the determination of four neonicotinoid insecticides from water and honey samples. Under the optimum conditions, good linear response for the quantification of the analytes was achieved in the range of 0.3-50.0 ng mL-1 for water samples and in the range of 8.0-500.0 ng g-1 for honey samples. The method recoveries fell in the range of 80.0-121.9% with RSDs less than 7.6%. The limits of detection at the signal to noise ratio of 3 were measured to be in the range of 0.08-0.12 ng mL-1 for water samples and 2.6-3.3 ng g-1 for honey samples, depending on compounds.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Limite de Detecção , Neonicotinoides , Extração em Fase Sólida
13.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131642, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351280

RESUMO

Neonicotinoids are replacement insecticides increasingly used for organophosphates, methylcarbamates, and pyrethroids. Experimental evidence suggests neonicotinoids may affect glucose metabolism and insulin secretion through pancreatic ß cell dysfunction, oxidative stress, and inflammation. However, no epidemiologic study has investigated neonicotinoids as potential diabetogens. We examined associations between neonicotinoids with insulin and glucose homeostasis parameters among 1381 non-diabetic adults in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2015-2016). Urinary concentrations of acetamiprid, clothianidin, imidacloprid, N-desmethyl-acetamiprid, and 5-hydroxy-imidacloprid were quantified. Fasting plasma glucose, insulin, and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) were assessed. Insulin resistance was defined as a homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance ≥2.5. We used weighted linear and logistic regression to estimate associations between detectable neonicotinoids with insulin and glucose homeostasis parameters compared to non-detectable neonicotinoid concentrations. Weighted detection frequencies for imidacloprid, 5-hydroxy-imidacloprid, and N-desmethyl-acetamiprid were 4.4 %, 21.5 %, and 32.8 %, respectively. Detectable imidacloprid (ß = -4.7 µIU/mL, 95 % confidence interval [CI] -8.5, -0.8) and 5-hydroxy-imidacloprid (ß = -2.4 µIU/mL, 95 % CI -4.6, -0.2) were associated with lower fasting plasma insulin levels. Individuals with detectable 5-hydroxy-imidacloprid had lower odds of insulin resistance (odds ratio [OR] = 0.3, 95 % CI 0.2, 0.7). We observed evidence of sexually dimorphic associations between N-desmethyl-acetamiprid with glucose (pint = 0.079) and 5-hydroxy-imidacloprid with HbA1c (pint = 0.038), with patterns suggesting positive associations in males and negative associations in females. Associations between 5-hydroxy-imidacloprid and insulin were modified by body mass index (BMI) (pint = 0.013). We additionally observed age modified associations between 5-hydyroxy-imidacloprid and glucose (pint = 0.048). Results suggest neonicotinoids may be associated with insulin and glucose homeostasis indices and call for prospective studies to examine the metabolic impact of these replacement insecticides in humans.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Insulina , Adulto , Feminino , Glucose , Homeostase , Humanos , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Masculino , Neonicotinoides , Nitrocompostos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt B): 127048, 2022 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537642

RESUMO

Bifunctional oxygen-doped graphitic carbon nitride (OCN) was fabricated to activate peroxymonosulfate (PMS) for degrading imidacloprid (IMD). The modulated electronic structure of OCN promoted the adsorption, electron transfer, and formation of the redox site of PMS. The light absorption capacity, and the separation and migration speed of photogenerated carriers of OCN were increased. Consequently, 94.5% of IMD (3.0 mg/L) was removed by OCN-10/PMS process in 2.0 h. Compared with g-C3N4/PMS (0.048 h-1), the IMD degradation rate constant of OCN-10/Vis/PMS system (1.501 h-1) was increased by 30.3 times. The PMS oxidation on electron-deficient C atoms and holes, the PMS reduction around electron-rich O atoms and photogenerated electrons, and the multiple reactions of superoxide radical were the sources of the main active species singlet oxygen. Moreover, even under different pH conditions, coexisting anions, humic acid, and other neonicotinoid pesticides, the OCN-10/Vis/PMS system still showed acceptable applicability. Finally, mass spectrometry identified that hydroxylation and N-dealkylation of amines were the primary degradation pathways of IMD. This paper demonstrates an environmental-friendly combined activation strategy of PMS that can be operated day and night with low energy consumption, aiming to pave the way for developing metal-free photocatalysts for high-efficient environmental purification based on advanced oxidation coupling technology.


Assuntos
Oxigênio , Peróxidos , Grafite , Neonicotinoides , Nitrocompostos , Compostos de Nitrogênio
15.
Food Chem ; 375: 131879, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34953245

RESUMO

A novel luminescent UiO-66-NH2 (UN) demonstrated great potentials to sense imidacloprid (IM) and thiamethoxam (TH) pesticides with high sensitivity and desirable selectivity. The UN exhibits superb luminescence emission properties, which have been found to enhance the aggregation-induced emission (AIE) of IM and TH. The enhanced AIE of IM and TH on UN has been applied for the sensitive sensing of IM and TH, and a limit of detection (LOD) of IM was estimated to be 5.57 µg/L. LOD of TH was found to be 0.98 µg/L, respectively. Interestingly, the other neonicotinoid pesticides showed a low interference response in recognition of IM and TH. More importantly, we have further demonstrated that the UN are successfully used to sense IM and TH in real samples of fruit juice with a high recovery of 85-116%, and relative standard deviation (RSD) were from 3.42% to 16.07%.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Neonicotinoides , Nitrocompostos , Ácidos Ftálicos , Tiametoxam
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 804: 150254, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798758

RESUMO

Although the toxicity of neonicotinoid insecticides has been demonstrated in several studies, the information on metabolism, behavior, and health risk remains limited and has raised concerns about its potential toxicity. Thus, in this study we assessed the effects of nitenpyram using different sublethal concentrations (one-third and one-tenth of the acute LC50 values) on various developmental and metabolic parameters from gene expression regulation in Drosophila melanogaster (model system used worldwide in ecotoxicological studies). As a result, nitenpyram sublethal concentrations prolonged the developmental time for both pupation and eclosion. Additionally, nitenpyram sublethal concentrations significantly decreased the lifespan, pupation rate, eclosion rate, and production of eggs of D. melanogaster. Moreover, the mRNA expression of genes relevant for development and metabolism was significantly elevated after exposure. Mixed function oxidase enzymes (Cyp12d1), (Cyp9f2), and (Cyp4ae1), hemocyte proliferation (RyR), and immune response (IM4) genes were upregulated, whereas lifespan (Atg7), male mating behavior (Ple), female fertility (Ddc), and lipid metabolism (Sxe2) genes were downregulated. These findings support a solid basis for further research to determine the hazardous effects of nitenpyram on health and the environment.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Drosophila , Drosophilidae , Inseticidas , Praguicidas , Animais , Proteína 7 Relacionada à Autofagia , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Drosophila melanogaster/genética , Drosophilidae/metabolismo , Feminino , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Masculino , Neonicotinoides , Reprodução , Transcriptoma
17.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 180: 104994, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34955187

RESUMO

Honey bees are important and highly efficient pollinators of agricultural crops and have been negatively affected by insecticides in recent years. Circular RNA (circRNA) plays an important role in the regulation of multiple biological and pathological processes; however, its role in the honey bee brain after exposure to dinotefuran is not well understood. Here, the expression profiles and potential modulation networks of circRNAs in the brains of workers (Apis mellifera) were comprehensively investigated using RNA sequencing and bioinformatics. In total, 33, 144, and 211 differentially expressed (DE) circRNAs were identified on the 1st, 5th and 10th days after exposure to dinotefuran, respectively. Enrichment analyses revealed that the host genes of DE circRNAs were enriched in the Hippo signaling pathway-fly, Wnt signaling pathway, and neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction. circ_0002266, circ_0005080, circ_0010239 and circ_0005415 were found to have translational potential due to the presence of an internal ribosome entry site (IRES). An integrated analysis of the DE circRNA-miRNA-mRNA networks suggest that circ_0008898 and circ_0001829 may participate in the immune response to dinotefuran exposure by acting as miRNA sponges. Our results provide invaluable basic data on A. mellifera brain circRNA patterns and a molecular basis for further study of the biological function of circRNAs in the development and immune response of honey bees.


Assuntos
Abelhas , Guanidinas/toxicidade , Neonicotinoides , Nitrocompostos/toxicidade , RNA Circular , Animais , Abelhas/efeitos dos fármacos , Abelhas/genética , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Via de Sinalização Wnt
18.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 113: 55-63, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34963549

RESUMO

Soil aggregation plays an important role in agricultural production activities. However, the structure of soil aggregation is destroyed by the natural environment and unreasonable farming management, resulting in the loss of water, fertilizers and pesticides in soil. At present, hydrogels have been widely reported to promote the formation of soil aggregation. In this paper, amphiphilic calcium alginate (ASA/Ca2+) was applied to promote the formation of soil aggregation and enhance pesticide retention. Initially, an ASA was obtained through the one-pot Ugi condensation (a four-component green chemical reaction). Then, ASA/Ca2+ hydrogel is prepared by Ca2+ cross-linking. The formation of soil aggregation was determined through the Turbiscan Lab Expert stability analyzer, Confocal Laser Scanning Microscope (CLSM), and Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM). And the effect of soil aggregation on acetamiprid environmental behavior was investigated by adsorption kinetics, adsorption isotherms, and leaching. The results shown that the three-dimensional network structure of ASA/Ca2+ hydrogel can promote the formation of soil aggregation. Aggregate durability index (ADI) was 0.55 in the presence of ASA/Ca2+ hydrogel, indicating that amphiphilic hydrogel can enhance the stability of soil aggregation. The adsorbing capacity of acetamiprid was 1.58 times higher than pure soil, and the release of acetamiprid only about 20% in the presence of ASA/Ca2+ hydrogel. These results would be helpful for the formation of soil aggregation and pesticides adsorption on soil aggregation. Thus, ASA/Ca2+ hydrogel is likely to improve soil quality, simultaneously it can minimize the mobility of pesticides in the agricultural system.


Assuntos
Alginatos , Solo , Adsorção , Hidrogéis , Neonicotinoides , Polissacarídeos
19.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt A): 118219, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626917

RESUMO

Neonicotinoids pollution poses a serious threat to aquatic ecosystems. However, there is currently little knowledge about how neonicotinoids are transferred from the agricultural environment to the aquatic environment. Here, we conducted in situ high-frequency monitoring of neonicotinoids in soil-water systems along the hydrological flow path during rainfall to explore the horizontal and vertical transport mechanisms of neonicotinoids. The collected samples included 240 surface runoff, 128 subsurface runoff, 60 eroded sediment, 120 soil and 144 soil solution, which were used to analyse neonicotinoids concentrations. Surface runoff, subsurface runoff and eroded sediment were the three main paths for the horizontal migration of neonicotinoids. In the CK (citrus orchards without grass cover) and grass-covered citrus orchards, there are 15.89% and 2.29% of the applied neonicotinoids were transported with surface runoff, respectively. While in the CK and grass-covered citrus orchards, there are only 1.23% and 0.19% of the applied neonicotinoids were transported with eroded sediment and subsurface runoff. Although the amount of neonicotinoids lost along with eroded sediment was small, the concentration of neonicotinoids in eroded sediment was two orders of magnitude higher than the concentration of neonicotinoids in sediments of the surface water. Meanwhile, neonicotinoids migrated vertically in soil due to water infiltration. In the CK and grass-covered citrus orchards, there are 57.64% and 24.36% of the applied neonicotinoids were retained in soil and soil solution, respectively, and their concentration decreased as soil depth increased. Another noteworthy phenomenon is that more neonicotinoids migrated to deeper soil layers under grass cover compared with no grass cover because grass roots promoted the formation of cracks and vertical preferential flow. Our results are expected to improve the accuracy of neonicotinoids pollution prediction by considering migration paths, including surface and subsurface runoff and eroded sediment.


Assuntos
Solo , Água , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Neonicotinoides , Chuva , Movimentos da Água
20.
Food Chem ; 372: 131153, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628119

RESUMO

We searched for five neonicotenoids (namely acetamiprid, clothianidin, imidacloprid, thiacloprid and thiamethoxam) in 67 samples of fruits, leaves, pollen and honey via HPLC-MS by employing QueChERs for extraction and purification. Clothianidin was never detected, while imidacloprid was identified in apple (9.2 µg/kg) and pollen (18-28 µg/Kg), thiacloprid in peaches (21-35 µg/kg) and acetamiprid was identified in the hazel leaves (1266 µg/kg), honey (13-26 µg /Kg) and pollen (11-24 µg/kg). Since the levels found of acetamiprid in hazel, honey and pollen were concerning, we accomplished a study to identify and characterize the possible transformation products via a laboratory simulation. The methodology exploited the analysis by HPLC-HRMS and its application in all matrices. We identify twelve transformation products, whose formation involved dimerization, hydroxylation, oxidation, demethylation and cleavage of the molecule. Three of them were also detected in hazel leaves.


Assuntos
Mel , Inseticidas , Frutas/química , Mel/análise , Inseticidas/análise , Neonicotinoides , Nitrocompostos , Tiametoxam
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