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1.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(1): 277-284, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989512

RESUMO

In this study, we separately collected rainwater sewer sediments from typical samples in Suzhou city, such as the urban commercial district, historical and cultural protection area, cultural and educational area, and living area, and analyzed the particle size distribution of the sediments and the characteristics of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus content, and pollution load distribution under each graded particle size. The median particle size D50 of each sample point was 16.55-327.50 µm, and the particle size trend was as follows:commercial area > living area > historical and cultural protection area > cultural and educational area. D50 was related to the total organic carbon (TOC). The total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), and ammonia nitrogen (NH4+-N) were significantly positively correlated, as were the pollutants. The spatial difference of ω(TOC), ω(TN), ω(TP), and ω(NH4+-N) in rainwater sewer sediments from different regions was as follows:commercial area > historical and cultural protection area > living area > cultural and educational area, in which ω(TOC) was 0.84%-6.76%, and ω(TN), ω(TP), and ω(NH4+-N) were 917.5-12707.1, 196.1-2524.8, and 9.3-156.8 mg·kg-1, respectively. TOC, TP, and NH4+-N pollution loads were mainly concentrated on particles ≤ 75 µm and 250-1000 µm. Street dust pollutants highly differed spatially, with a high content of attached pollutants on street dust particles with a particle size of ≤ 75 µm. Various pollutants migrated into the street dust-pipes, and TP and TN showed certain enrichment characteristics in the sewer. Controlling the transportation of street dust and the accumulation of sediments in the sewer can reduce the pollution of sediment into the rivers during the rainy season.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Nitrogênio/análise , Fósforo/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
2.
Environ Int ; 158: 106986, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34991248

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Early life exposures to marine contaminants can adversely impact child health but modes of action are unclear. Human milk contains extracellular vesicles (EVs) that can transport biologically relevant cargo from mother to infant, including microRNAs (miRNAs), and may partly mediate the effects of pollutants on child health. However, the role of marine pollutants on miRNA expression in milk EVs is unexplored. METHODS: We isolated EV RNA from 333 milk samples collected between 2 and 74 days postpartum from a Faroese birth cohort born 1997-2000 and sequenced 2083 miRNAs using a targeted library preparation method. We quantified five perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), pesticide metabolite p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), and the sum of three major polychlorinated biphenyls (ΣPCBs) in maternal serum at 34 weeks of gestation and maternal hair total mercury (Hg) at birth. We used negative binomial regressions to estimate associations between individual pollutants and 418 reliably expressed EV-miRNAs adjusted for potential confounders. We performed sparse principal components (PCs) analysis to derive the first four components of the EV-miRNA data and examined associations between pollutants and PCs using Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR). RESULTS: We observed no associations between pollutants and individual EV-miRNA expression after controlling the false discovery rate at 0.1. However, BKMR suggested that Hg was positively associated with PC1 and negatively associated with PC3, while ΣPCBs was negatively associated with PC3, and two PFAS were associated with PC4. Exploration of PC loadings followed by pathway analyses suggested that miRNAs in PC1 (miR-200b-3p, miR-664a-3p, miR-6738-5p, miR-429, miR-1236-5p, miR-4464, and miR-30b-5p) may be related to Hg neurotoxicity, while remaining PCs require further research. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that groups of milk EV-miRNAs may better serve as environmental biomarkers than individual miRNAs. Future studies are needed to elucidate the role of milk EV-miRNAs in child health following prenatal exposures.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Vesículas Extracelulares , MicroRNAs , Teorema de Bayes , Criança , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , MicroRNAs/genética , Leite Humano , Mães , Gravidez
3.
J Environ Manage ; 302(Pt B): 114080, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34773781

RESUMO

The present study investigates the environmental benefits of phasing-in autonomous ships in global maritime transportation along major dry bulk and tanker routes using Bayesian probabilistic forecasting algorithm. The focus is on the simulations and calibrations on the navigational behavior of autonomous ships at both port and high-sea, as well as the potential emission abatement of atmospheric pollutants compared to the conventional fleet along the sailing routes. We use historical data on major international tanker and dry bulk trade routes to characterize the ship movements and trends in ship emission. Different scenarios are evaluated with a combination of autonomous ship phase-in rates (25, 75, 100%) and cleaner fuel choices in Years 2030 and 2050 (from the baseline Year, 2020). The results show that the magnitude of the emission reduction generally increases with a higher level of autonomous ships in the fleet as expected, and the magnitude ranges from small increments to major reductions of 37-64% along the different routes. Overall, we hope that our findings can contribute towards the realization of environmental benefits with the adoption of autonomous shipping along the major shipping routes in the future.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluentes Ambientais , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Teorema de Bayes , Navios , Transportes , Emissões de Veículos/análise
4.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131545, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293563

RESUMO

Several studies have reported exposure of humans to various endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) worldwide. However, there is a lack of data regarding EDC exposures in humans living in Southeast Asian countries, such as the Philippines. Hence, this study measured levels of 41 EDCs in women residing in the Greater Manila Area, home to the second largest city in Southeast Asia. Urine samples from women with versus without breast cancer were analyzed for 11 phthalate metabolites, 8 environmental phenols, and 10 bisphenols, while serum samples were analyzed for 12 perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). Out of the four groups of EDCs analyzed, PFAS were significantly associated with breast cancer (adjusted OR = 13.63, 95% CI: 3.24-94.88 p-trend = 0.001 for PFDoA; adjusted OR = 9.26, 95% CI 2.54-45.10, p-trend = 0.002 for PFDA; and adjusted OR = 2.66, 95% CI: 0.95-7.66, p-trend = 0.004 for PFHxA). Long-chain PFAS levels were positively correlated with age and were significantly higher in women from Region IV-A, a heavily industrialized region, than from the National Capital Region. Overall, this study showed baseline information regarding the level of EDCs in Filipinas, providing a glimpse of EDC exposure in women living in a megalopolis city in Southeast Asia.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Disruptores Endócrinos , Poluentes Ambientais , Fluorcarbonetos , Neoplasias da Mama/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Filipinas
5.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131541, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293565

RESUMO

To effectively degrade organic pollutants in wastewater, visible-light-driven Bi2MoO6/PPy hierarchical heterogeneous photocatalysts were prepared through a solvothermal method and the following in-situ chemical oxidation polymerization. Compared with pristine Bi2MoO6 photocatalyst, the composite photocatalysts exhibited dramatically improved photocatalytic activity and photostability towards the degradation of methylene blue dye and tetracycline antibiotic. Bi2MoO6/PPy-80 sample achieved the highest photocatalytic degradation rates for methylene blue dye (93.6%) and tetracycline antibiotic (88.3%) under visible light irradiation. These two organic pollutants could be completely degraded into nontoxic small molecules according to in-depth HPLC-MS analysis of degradation products. The transient photocurrent responses, electrochemical impedance spectra, and photoluminescence spectra demonstrated that the introduction of PPy nanoparticles on the surface of Bi2MoO6 nanosheets could effectively accelerate the separation of photo-generated electron-hole pairs. Furthermore, a possible synergetic photocatalytic mechanism was put forward based on the electron spin resonance and XPS valence-band spectra. This work indicated that construction of hierarchical composite photocatalysts combining polypyrrole conductive polymer and Bi2MoO6 semiconductor in nanoscale is an efficient approach to improve photocatalytic activity for environmental remediation.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Polímeros , Bismuto , Catálise , Descontaminação , Microesferas , Molibdênio , Pirróis
6.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131495, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293567

RESUMO

Certain endocrine disruptor chemicals are involved in the pathogenesis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a hormonal disease related to infertility in women. Phthalates are the most common plasticizers found in several consumer products. Experimental and epidemiologic evidence suggests that some phthalates disrupt endocrine functions in reproductive mechanisms and development. We previously measured the levels of eight phthalate metabolites in the urine of 599 Saudi women who underwent in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment and were enrolled in a prospective study (2015-2017). The current nested case-control study aimed to determine the association between urinary levels of phthalate metabolites and PCOS. Overall, 441 women from the IVF study were identified as eligible for this study. Women in the case group included those diagnosed with PCOS (N = 82). The control group comprised those unable to conceive due to male azoospermia or who underwent preimplantation genetic diagnosis (N = 359). Most urinary phthalate metabolite levels were several-fold higher than those reported in national surveys from other countries. The ratio of luteinizing hormone to follicle-stimulating hormone, an index of PCOS, was significantly higher in the case than in the control group, with no indication of its association with phthalate metabolites. The logistic regression model was applied after adjusting for confounders to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for each metabolite modeled as a natural logarithm (ln). For each ln-unit increase in the sum of the four di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (∑4DEHP) metabolites as well as two individual metabolites, mono-(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate and mono-(2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl) phthalate, the odds of PCOS increased by 40.5% [OR = 1.405 (95% CI: 1.025, 1.925)], 41.1% [OR = 1.055 (95% CI: 1.055, 1.885)], and 38.6% [OR = 1.386 (95% CI: 1.033, 1.86)], respectively. In contrast, the % odds of PCOS decreased marginally significantly by 44% [OR = 0.560 (95% CI: 0.313, 1.002)] with an ln-unit increase of %MEHP4, the ratio of mono-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate to ∑4DEHP. These findings suggest that DEHP may contribute to PCOS, and further investigation is required to understand the underlying mechanisms.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Humanos , Masculino , Ácidos Ftálicos , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/induzido quimicamente , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos
7.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131646, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311396

RESUMO

Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are a class of crystalline porous organic polymers. In recent years, COFs have received extensive attention in the field of photocatalytic degradation due to their large specific surface area, good thermal and solvent stability, and diverse structures. This review studies the progress of COF in the field of photocatalytic degradation, and summarizes the strategies to improve the photocatalytic activity of covalent organic frameworks, including the designs of ligands and structures. In particular, the design and construction of the COF composites (COF/MOF, COF/g-C3N4, COF/metal semiconductor) are discussed. The photocatalytic mechanism is described in detail, and the prospect of COFs in photocatalytic degradation is prospected.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Polímeros , Porosidade , Solventes
8.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126691, 2022 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315022

RESUMO

While it is well recognized that the frequency and intensity of flood events are increasing worldwide, the environmental, economic, and societal consequences of remobilization and distribution of pollutants during flood events are not widely recognized. Loss of life, damage to infrastructure, and monetary cleanup costs associated with floods are important direct effects. However, there is a lack of attention towards the indirect effects of pollutants that are remobilized and redistributed during such catastrophic flood events, particularly considering the known toxic effects of substances present in flood-prone areas. The global examination of floods caused by a range of extreme events (e.g., heavy rainfall, tsunamis, extra- and tropical storms) and subsequent distribution of sediment-bound pollutants are needed to improve interdisciplinary investigations. Such examinations will aid in the remediation and management action plans necessary to tackle issues of environmental pollution from flooding. River basin-wide and coastal lowland action plans need to balance the opposing goals of flood retention, catchment conservation, and economical use of water.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Inundações , Saúde Ambiental , Humanos , Rios
9.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 2): 131705, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333185

RESUMO

With regard to the treatment of multicomponent wastewaters, to construct multifunctional super-wetting membranes is highly attractive in current decade. In this work, a low-cost and novel NiFe2O4/TA/PVDF composite membrane was fabricated via a facile in-situ deposition method under vacuum system. In which, photo-response NiFe2O4 nanoparticles were immobilized on the surface of flexible PVDF base membrane via hydrophilic tannic acid (TA) as the binder. The resulting composite membrane exhibited a special superwettability of superamphilicity in air and underwater superoleophobicity with a nanoscale rough surface structure. One the one hand, NiFe2O4/TA/PVDF membrane can be used a reusable catalyst in Photo-Fenton degradation of organic dyes with high efficiency. On the other hand, the composite membrane can effectively separate emulsified oils from representative oil-in-water emulsions with excellent separation efficiency all above 99 % and relatively high flux (880-1525 Lm-2h-1 bar-1). More importantly, NiFe2O4/TA/PVDF composite membrane showed satisfactory processing efficiency, anti-fouling property and excellent reusability in deal with the mixed organic pollutants (water-insoluble emulsified oils and water-soluble organic dyes) existed in one aqueous system, which followed the procedure of initially photo-Fenton degradation of organic dyes emulsion and successively separation the remaining emulsion over the recovered membrane. This successful development of high-performance NiFe2O4/TA/PVDF composite membrane will provide a new candidate for both oil/water separation and organic wastewater treatment, as well as promote the utilization of spinel ferrites in the construction of multifunctional membrane for environmental purification.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Membranas Artificiais , Polivinil , Taninos
10.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 2): 131733, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340116

RESUMO

In the present work, facile preparation of MXenes based nanocomposite (MXene-CNTs) through catalytic chemical vapor deposition (cCVD) was demonstrated. The novel design of two and one-dimensional (2D/1D) MXene-CNTs composites for an extraordinary photocatalytic process for removal of Rhodamine B (RhB) using efficient photocatalytic dye degradations was compared to the performance of pure MXene. The surface morphological behavior of MAX, MXene and MXene-CNTs rational design of surface microstructure CNTs anchored on 2D materials MXene nanosheets product was characterized employing scanning electron microscopy (SEM). As-prepared direct growth CNTs by employing CVD method were in the size ranges of 40-90 nm as revealed from SEM images. The crystallographic structures of etching and delaminations of MAX and MXene-CNTs were observed for CNTs diffracted peaks at 2θ = 25.11° in support of (002) plan. The major C-O and (CC) stretching were confirmed. Prepared MXene and MXene-CNTs samples photocatalytic performance was investigated through photocatalytic Rhodamine B (RhB) dye degradation. MXene-based CNTs hybrid nanocomposites photocatalysts activity were estimated. The as-prepared pure MXene-RhB and MXene-CNTs-RhB materials calculated efficiency were 60 % and 75 %, respectively. The CVD preparations of new MXene-CNTs synthesis yield high and explored good successive cycles for hazardous pollutants.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Poluentes Ambientais , Nanocompostos , Catálise , Humanos
11.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 605: 613-623, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343734

RESUMO

Herein, a simple, highly efficient and stable MoS2 nanobox embedded graphitic-C3N4@TiO2 (g-CN@TiO2) nanoarchitecture was synthesized by a facile solvothermal approach. The nano-hybrid photocatalyst was constructed by TiO2 nanoparticles anchored on the surface of g-CN nanosheets. Then highly crystalline three-dimensional porous MoS2 nanobox was homogeneously distributed on the g-CN@TiO2 surface. The g-CN@TiO2/MoS2 hybrid achieved a high photocatalytic degradation efficiency of 97.5% for methylene blue (MB) dye pollutant under visible-light irradiant in an hour which was much better than TiO2@MoS2, g-CN@TiO2, MoS2, TiO2 and g-CN. Furthermore, the reaction rate (k) value of g-CN@TiO2/MoS2 for MB dye is as high as 3.18 X 10-2 min-1, which is ~ 2.65 times better than those of g-CN@TiO2 and MoS2. This work presents a rational structure design, interfacial construction and suitable band gap strategy to synthesize advanced nano-hybrid photocatalyst for degradation of organic pollutant with excellent performance and long-term stability.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Molibdênio , Catálise , Porosidade , Titânio
12.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 2): 131710, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343918

RESUMO

Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are an emergent group of crystalline porous materials that have gained incredible interest in recent years. With foreseeable controllable functionalities and structural configurations, the constructions and catalytic properties of these organic polymeric materials can be controlled to fabricate targeted materials. The specified monomer linkers and pre-designed architecture of COFs facilitate the post-synthetic modifications for introducing novel functions and useful properties. By virtue of inherent porosity, robust framework, well-ordered geometry, functionality, higher stability, and amenability to functionalization, COFs and COFs-based composites are regarded as prospective nanomaterials for environmental clean-up and remediation. This report spotlights the state-of-the-art advances and progress in COFs-based materials to efficiently mitigate pharmaceutical-based environmental pollutants from aqueous solutions. Synthesis approaches, structure, functionalization, and sustainability aspects of COFs are discussed. Moreover, the adsorptive and photocatalytic potential of COFs and their derived nanocomposites for removal and degradation of pharmaceuticals are thoroughly vetted. In addition to deciphering adsorption mechanism/isotherms, the stability, regeneratability and reproducibility are also delineated. Lastly, the outcomes are summed up, and new directions are proposed to widen the promise of COF-based smart materials in diverse fields.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Materiais Inteligentes , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
13.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131706, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346322

RESUMO

Due to the use of di-isobutyl-phthalate (DiBP) in the production of soft-polyvinyl chloride articles, it is currently a hazardous substance prevalent in human daily life. However, reports on DiBP's toxicokinetics are still very scarce. And no studies have been reported on gender differences in DiBP toxicokinetics. Therefore, this study was conducted in accordance with these research needs. DiBP of 100 mg/kg has been exposed to male and female rats single or multiple times. DiBP and its major metabolite, mono-isobutyl-phthalate (MiBP), were quantified from various biological samples obtained from rats administered with DiBP. Based on these results, several toxicokinetic parameters were estimated. Toxicokinetic results between genders were compared, and from this, existence and extent of gender differences in DiBP's toxicokinetics were explored. Investigation of presence and extent of subacute toxicity in male and female rats following multiple exposures to DiBP were also conducted. This study provided comprehensive information on DiBP toxicity and gender differences that have not been reported in detail. Results of these studies imply that subacute toxicity in liver, kidney, lung, and testis of rats at 100 mg/kg of DiBP is modest and that there is little difference in toxicokinetics between genders. And in both male and female rats, the metabolism of DiBP (to MiBP) was significant, and excretion of MiBP into urine was a major indicator of DiBP exposure.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Ácidos Ftálicos , Animais , Exposição Ambiental , Feminino , Rim , Masculino , Ácidos Ftálicos/toxicidade , Ratos , Fatores Sexuais , Testículo , Toxicocinética
14.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131651, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346345

RESUMO

Nanostructured photocatalysts commonly offered opportunities to solve issues scrutinized with the environmental challenges caused by steep population growth and rapid urbanization. This photocatalyst is a controllable characteristic, which can provide humans with a clean and sustainable ecosystem. Over the last decades, one of the current thriving research focuses on visible-light-driven CeO2-based photocatalysts due to their superior characteristics, including unique fluorite-type structure, rigid framework, and facile reducing oxidizing properties of cerium's tetravalent (Ce4+) and trivalent (Ce3+) valence states. Notwithstanding, owing to its inherent wide energy gap, the solar energy utilization efficiency is low, which limits its application in wastewater treatment. Numerous modifications of CeO2 have been employed to enhance photodegradation performances, such as metals and non-metals doping, adding support materials, and coupling with another semiconductor. Besides, all these doping will form a different heterojunction and show a different way of electron-hole migration. Compared to conventional heterojunction, advanced heterojunction types such as p-n heterojunction, Z-scheme, Schottky junction, and surface plasmon resonance effect exhibit superior performance for degradation owing to their excellent charge carrier separation, and the reaction occurs at a relatively higher redox potential. This review attends to providing deep insights on heterojunction mechanisms and the latest progress on photodegradation of various contaminants in wastewater using CeO2-based photocatalysts. Hence, making the CeO2 photocatalyst more foresee and promising to further development and research.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Purificação da Água , Catálise , Ecossistema , Humanos , Fotólise
15.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 111: 240-248, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34949354

RESUMO

This research investigated the effects of ciprofloxacin (CIP) (0.5, 5, and 20 mg/L) on SBR systems under different carbon source conditions. Microbial community abundance and structure were determined by quantitative PCR and high-throughput sequencing, respectively. The biodegradation production of CIP and possible degradation mechanism were also studied. Results showed that CIP had adverse effects on the nutrient removal from wastewater. Compared with sodium acetate, glucose could be more effectively used by microorganisms, thus eliminating the negative effects of CIP. Glucose stimulated the microbial abundance and increased the removal rate of CIP by 18%-24%. The mechanism research indicated that Proteobacteria and Acidobacteria had a high tolerance for CIP. With sodium acetate as a carbon source, the abundance of nitrite-oxidizing bacterial communities decreased under CIP, resulting in the accumulation of nitrite and nitrate. Rhodanobacter and Microbacterium played a major role in nitrification and denitrification when using sodium acetate and glucose as carbon sources. Dyella and Microbacterium played positive roles in the degradation process of CIP and eliminated the negative effect of CIP on SBR, which was consistent with the improved removal efficiency of pollutants.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Esgotos , Reatores Biológicos , Carbono , Ciprofloxacina/análise , Desnitrificação , Nitrogênio
16.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 112: 106-114, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34955193

RESUMO

Wastewater reclamation and reuse is an increasing global project, while the reclamation treatment on wastewater does not completely remove all pollutants in water. The residual pollutants in reclaimed water would cause potential risk on human health and ecosystem safety during the long-term use. It is impossible to analyze and control all pollutants one by one in practice, therefore, identification and control of priority pollutants will be efficient strategy to ensure the safe use of reclaimed water. An integrated three-step methodology for identifying priority pollutants in reclaimed water was proposed in this study. First, a comprehensive literature survey on the occurrence of pollutants in reclaimed water was conducted, and a dataset DPR for pollutants occurrence in reclaimed water was established, containing 1,113 pollutants. Second, 611 chemicals that had been recommended as hazardous pollutants for various water bodies in previous literatures were summarized, and a dataset DHP for hazardous pollutants in water was obtained. Third, meta-analysis on these two datasets (DPR and DHP) was performed, a new dataset DHPR for hazardous pollutants in reclaimed water was established, including 265 candidates. Finally, 59 substances out of dataset DHPR were identified as priority pollutants for reclaimed water based on their recommendation frequency. It is expected that this synthetical methodology will provide powerful support for scientific evaluating and managing water pollution and ensuring safe use of reclaimed water.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Ecossistema , Humanos , Águas Residuárias/análise , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
17.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 127044, 2022 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523469

RESUMO

A simple hydrothermal approach was demonstrated for synthesizing a coupled NiFe2O4-ZnWO4 nanocomposite, wherein one-dimensional ZnWO4 nanorods were inserted into two-dimensional NiFe2O4 nanoplates. Herein, we evaluated the photocatalytic removal of Cr(VI), and degradation of tetracycline (TC) and methylene blue (MB) by the nanocomposite, as well as its ability to split water. The ZnWO4 nanorods enriched the synergistic interactions, upgraded the solar light fascination proficiency, and demonstrated outstanding detachment and migration of the photogenerated charges, as confirmed by a transient photocurrent study and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements. Compared to pristine NiFe2O4 and ZnWO4, the NiFe2O4-ZnWO4 nanocomposite exhibited a higher Cr(VI) reduction (93.5%) and removal of TC (97.9%) and MB (99.6%). Radical trapping results suggested that hydroxyl and superoxide species are dominant reactive species, thereby facilitating the Z-scheme mechanism. Furthermore, a probable photocatalytic mechanism was projected based on the experimental results. The photoelectrochemical analysis confirmed that NiFe2O4-ZnWO4 exhibited minor charge-transfer resistance and large photocurrents. We propose a novel and efficient approach for designing a coupled heterostructured nanocomposites with a significant solar light ability for ecological conservation and water splitting.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Óxido de Zinco , Catálise , Cromo , Compostos Férricos , Níquel , Óxidos , Tungstênio , Água , Zinco
18.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 607(Pt 2): 1589-1602, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587533

RESUMO

It is of great significance to understand the role of carrier in piezocatalysis of composites by studying the separation mode of carriers under dynamic polarization field. Herein, the separation and migration pathways of carriers under piezoelectric field are investigated by synthesizing heterojunctions with Bi2WO6 (BWO) nanosheets grown vertically on g-C3N4 (CN) coated ZnO nanorods and directly on ZnO. Compared with the photocatalysis, the piezocatalytic efficiency of Rhodamine B (RhB) by BWO/ZnO is significantly increased to 0.121 min-1, which indicated the polarization field promotes band tilt and Z-scheme formation. After introducing the CN interlayer, the piezocatalytic efficiency of BWO/CN/ZnO is further improved (0.217 min-1), which can be attributed to the unique core-shell structure with Z-scheme heterojunctions. This unique structure provides more active sites and excited carrier concentration, the intermediate layer CN also reduces the direct contact and recombination of electrons and holes controlled by polarization potential at the interface between BWO and ZnO. This work deeply analyzes the influence of carrier concentration, separation efficiency and transport process on piezocatalysis, which provides a reference for the design of efficient catalysts.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Óxido de Zinco , Catálise , Luz
19.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 4): 132375, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597632

RESUMO

Evidence of associations of pre- and postnatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) with cognitive development beyond early childhood is inconsistent. A previous report from this cohort observed adverse associations between early life PCB exposures and infant Bayley scores at age 16 months. The present study examines pre- and postnatal PCB exposures in relation to both behavior and cognitive development at age 45 months. Participants were 472 mother-child pairs residing in an area of eastern Slovakia characterized by environmental contamination with PCBs, which resulted in elevated blood serum concentrations. PCB-153 and PCB-118 concentrations were measured in maternal and in infant 6-, 16-, and 45-month serum samples. At age 45 months, children were administered five subtests of the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI-III), and mothers completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Negative binomial and multiple linear regressions were used to estimate PCB-CBCL and PCB-WPPSI-III subtest score associations, respectively. Pre- and postnatal levels of PCB-153 and PCB-118 were not associated with cognitive performance on the WPPSI-III in this cohort. There was some suggestion that higher postnatal PCB concentrations were associated with more sleep problems and feelings of depression and anxiousness.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Bifenilos Policlorados , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Pré-Escolar , Cognição , Estudos de Coortes , Exposição Ambiental , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente , Eslováquia
20.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 4): 132385, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597635

RESUMO

Discharging of inorganic and organic pollutants creates a serious threat to the human health and the environment. In the current work, we have synthesized Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) functionalized graphene oxide-chitosan nanocomposite (GO-EDTA-CS) for simultaneous removal of inorganic (i.e., mercury (Hg(II) and copper (Cu(II)) and organic pollutants (i.e., methylene blue (MB) and crystal violet (CV)) from wastewater via adsorption process. The structural, functional, morphological, elemental compositions, surface area and thermal properties of the synthesized nanocomposite were identified using powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), field scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), and thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA), respectively. Different batch adsorption experiments such as pH effect, contact time, initial pollutants concentration, reusability etc. were studied in monocomponent system to optimize the results. The adsorption process apparently followed pseudo-second-order (PSO) kinetics for both pollutants, however the adsorption kinetics was also explained by the intra-particle diffusion model. The isotherm data for both metals ions and dyes were well fit by the Langmuir isotherm model. The maximum adsorption capacities of the adsorbent were determined 324 ± 3.30 130 ± 2.80, 141 ± 6.60, and 121 ± 3.50 mg g-1 for Hg(II), Cu(II), MB, and CV, respectively. The excellent adsorption capacity was attributed to the availability of various active functional groups (e.g., -COOH, -OH, -NH2, etc.) on the adsorbent. The EDS, elemental mapping and FTIR analysis performed before and after the adsorption of heavy metals and dyes by GO-EDTA-CS confirmed the simultaneous adsorption of the pollutants. Moreover, GO-EDTA-CS could maintain its adsorption capacity for both inorganic and organic pollutants even after seven cycles of adsorption-desorption, indicating itself a promising adsorbent for practical wastewater treatment containing both inorganic and organic toxic pollutants.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Poluentes Ambientais , Nanocompostos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Ácido Edético , Grafite , Humanos , Cinética , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
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