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1.
BMC Neurol ; 22(1): 22, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35016635

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We investigated the impact of the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the resulting lockdown on reperfusion treatments and door-to-treatment times during the first surge in Dutch comprehensive stroke centers. Furthermore, we studied the association between COVID-19-status and treatment times. METHODS: We included all patients receiving reperfusion treatment in 17 Dutch stroke centers from May 11th, 2017, until May 11th, 2020. We collected baseline characteristics, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) at admission, onset-to-door time (ODT), door-to-needle time (DNT), door-to-groin time (DGT) and COVID-19-status at admission. Parameters during the lockdown (March 15th, 2020 until May 11th, 2020) were compared with those in the same period in 2019, and between groups stratified by COVID-19-status. We used nationwide data and extrapolated our findings to the increasing trend of EVT numbers since May 2017. RESULTS: A decline of 14% was seen in reperfusion treatments during lockdown, with a decline in both IVT and EVT delivery. DGT increased by 12 min (50 to 62 min, p-value of < 0.001). Furthermore, median NIHSS-scores were higher in COVID-19 - suspected or positive patients (7 to 11, p-value of 0.004), door-to-treatment times did not differ significantly when stratified for COVID-19-status. CONCLUSIONS: During the first surge of the COVID-19 pandemic, a decline in acute reperfusion treatments and a delay in DGT was seen, which indicates a target for attention. It also appeared that COVID-19-positive or -suspected patients had more severe neurologic symptoms, whereas their EVT-workflow was not affected.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Humanos , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia , Terapia Trombolítica , Tempo para o Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(1): 15-20, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34991234

RESUMO

Stroke poses a social and economic burden worldwide.Intravenous thrombolytic therapy and endovascular interventional therapy are recommended as early as possible for patients with acute ischemic stroke in many national and international guidelines, however, their clinical applications are limited due to their strong time dependence.To date, the treatment of acute stroke in China has many problems, such as backward development of hospital treatment process and shortage of stroke professionals.Establishing a complete stroke green channel and maintaining its smooth operation contributes to the most important and effective way to promote thrombolytic therapy, which requires setting a clear target time, appropriately adjusting the hospital layout and hardware and software investment, attaching importance to team building and clear job responsibilities.Moreover, the most important task is to improve the green channel process through replacing the "serial mode" with the "parallel mode", making full use of the first aid map of stroke, bridging the gap between pre-hospital and in-hospital treatment, and popularizing stroke-related knowledge.In recent years, considerable progress has been made in the construction of stroke green channel in China.The implementation of the above-mentioned reform mode may minimize pre-hospital and in-hospital delays, expand the benefit population of stroke and thus improve the early treatment rate of acute ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Trombolítica , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(1): 67-72, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34991240

RESUMO

Objective: To study the value of color doppler ultrasonography (CDU) in the diagnosis of endograft infections following endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Methods: The retrospective analysis of post-EVAR stent infections identified by computed tomography angiography (CTA) was conducted at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2010 to December 2020. There were 16 males and 4 females, aged from 49 to 86 years. All the patients were detected by CDU. The endoleak, bubbles, abscess, hematoma, aortic intestinal fistula (AEF) and occlusion of stent detected by CTA and CDU were analyzed and compared. Results: Among 20 patients, 9 cases with endoleak were detected by CTA, while CDU showed 8 cases with endoleak. The rate of missed diagnosis was 1/9. The misdiagnosis rate was 0, and the Youden index was 0.89. CDU detected 3 cases with type Ⅱ endoleak, and 1 case was missed when compared with CTA. Three cases with type Ⅰa and 2 cases with type Ⅰb were detected by CDU, which were consistent with those of CTA. CDU and CTA showed that there were no cases with type Ⅲ and type Ⅳ endoleaks. CDU detected 8 cases with bubbles in the sac. Compared with CTA, the rate of missed diagnosis was 2/10. The misdiagnosis rate was 0, and the Youden index was 0.80. The cases with abscess, hematoma, increasing size of the aneurysm, occlusion of stent and fluid sonolucent area in the sac detected by CDU were 8/20, 2/20, 4/20, 1/20, 2/20, which were consistent with CTA. CDU did not detect the 3 cases with aortoenteric fistula(AEF) which were identified by CTA. The follow-up of CDU showed that the extra-anatomic bypasses remained their patency in 5 cases, 1 case occurred bypass occlusion. The range of infectious area and bubbles reduced in 2 cases. There was no change of endoleak in 1 case. All the follow-up results were consistent with those of CTA. Conclusion: CDU can comprehensively evaluate the infection in and around the aneurysm in patients with stentinfection after EVAR, with a high auuraly, and has important clinical significance for the early diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of patients.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Endoleak , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores
4.
Saudi Med J ; 43(1): 108-112, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35022292

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) in left lower limb deep venous thrombosis (DVT) cases and to analyze the outcome of endovascular intervention in these patients. METHODS: A record-based descriptive study was carried out in Radiology Department, King Fahad Military Medical Complex, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, including patients who underwent lower limb duplex ultrasounds between January 2015-2021. Patients with bilateral DVTs, known pelvic masses, and pelvic surgeries were excluded. All patients positive for DVTs were identified and further imaging was reviewed. Left common iliac vein compression of 50% or more on computed tomography (CT) was considered positive for MTS. Endovascular interventions (venoplasty alone or with stenting) were evaluated and success recorded by observing patency of vein on follow-up imaging or improvement of symptoms on follow-up visits. RESULTS: Of 182 patients with left lower limb duplex studies, 51 patients were positive for DVTs. A total of 37 patients had CTs and 21 patients had MTS (17 females, 3 males). A total of 15 patients underwent endovascular interventions, 2 patients had venoplasties alone (one successful) and 13 patients had venoplasties with stenting (10 successful). CONCLUSION: Patients with MTS as cause of DVT may benefit from early endovascular intervention.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Síndrome de May-Thurner , Trombose Venosa , Feminino , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Masculino , Síndrome de May-Thurner/complicações , Síndrome de May-Thurner/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome de May-Thurner/epidemiologia , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia , Trombose Venosa/terapia
5.
J Int Med Res ; 50(1): 3000605211069282, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35023377

RESUMO

Renal artery aneurysm (RAA), a type of visceral aneurysm with atypical symptoms, is difficult to detect and is usually discovered incidentally by imaging examination. Hilar RAA (HRAA) represents a relatively rare subgroup of RAA that is located in the distal part of the renal artery, close to the renal parenchyma. We reported a 55-year-old woman with an HRAA measuring 19 mm × 20 mm × 20 mm. She underwent endovascular therapy with bare-metal stent implantation with nested coil embolization. She was discharged without complications. The uniqueness of this case is the aneurysm location, which was at the distal right renal artery, making it difficult to preserve the blood supply to the right kidney. The novelty of the minimally invasive technique was that this endovascular treatment not only eliminated the aneurysm, but also preserved the blood supply to the ipsilateral kidney. Endovascular therapy is effective in the management of HRAA.


Assuntos
Aneurisma , Embolização Terapêutica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Renal/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Renal/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Br J Radiol ; 95(1129): 20210538, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34609898

RESUMO

The International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT) showed superiority for endovascular treatment of ruptured aneurysms and technology has since moved on rapidly. Many approaches and technology now exist for the endovascular management of ruptured and unruptured intracranial aneurysms, which reflects their varied nature - there is no one-size-fits-all technique. We aim to provide an overview of the various classes of device and the major developments over the past decade. Coiling is the oldest of the technology and continues to demonstrate high levels of occlusion and acceptable risks, making it the default treatment choice, particularly in the acutely ruptured aneurysm setting. Advances on coiling include the use of adjuncts such as balloons, stents and fully retrievable temporary neck-bridging devices, which have facilitated the treatment of more complex aneurysms. Flow divertors have also revolutionised complex aneurysm treatment with small added risk in acute aneurysm treatment and seek to remodel the aneurysm-vessel interface without accessing the aneurysm sac. The latest development and most promising avenue appears to be intrasaccular flow disrupting devices like WEB, Contour and Neqstent that provide excellent opportunities to treat wide neck complex aneurysm with minimal mortality and morbidity and good occlusion rates and may in future replace a significant number of stent-assisted coiling too.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Roto/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Humanos , Stents , Telas Cirúrgicas
7.
J Clin Neurosci ; 95: 63-69, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34929653

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of flow diversion (FDs) for the aneurysms beyond the circle of Willis. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We retrospectively reviewed the prospectively maintained database in our center and enrolled patients with aneurysms beyond the circle of Willis (defined as at or distal to the M1, A2, and P2 segments) that were treated with FDs. RESULTS: Between July 2017 to December 2020, 28 patients with 28 aneurysms met the inclusion criteria and were included in this study, with a median age of 50 years old (IQR, 36-63 years). Thirty FDs, including 5 Pipelines and 25 Tubridge FDs, were deployed. Perioperative complications were noticed in 2 patients (7.1%), while asymptomatic adverse events occurred in another three patients (10.7%). Delayed complications occurred in 3.6% of patients (1/28). All patients received clinical follow-up, with the mortality and long-term morbidity of 0 and 3.6% (1/28), respectively. Angiographic follow-up data were available for 26 patients (92.9%) with an interval of 10 ± 7 months (ranged 2-26 months). Sixteen patients (61.5%) showed complete or nearly complete occlusion of aneurysms (OKM grading scale D and C); 6 cases (23.1%) were revealed incomplete occlusion (OKM grading scale B), and 4 cases (15.4%) remained unchanged (OKM grading scale A). The existence of the perforators derived from aneurysms was associated with a lower occlusion rate (p = 0.032). CONCLUSION: Flow diversion is reliable in the treatment of distal aneurysms with a high technical success rate and low permanent disability rate. The presence of side branches derived from aneurysms was associated with a lower aneurysm occlusion rate.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Adulto , Círculo Arterial do Cérebro/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 56(1): 49-52, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34142625

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic limb-threatening ischemia is a severe form of peripheral artery disease that leads to high rates of amputation and mortality if left untreated. Bypass surgery and antegrade endovascular revascularization through femoral artery access from either side are accepted as conventional treatment modalities for critical limb ischemia. The retrograde pedal access revascularization is an alternative treatment modality useful in specific clinical scenarios; however, these indications have not been well described in literature. This case report highlights the use of retrograde pedal access approach as primary treatment modality in a patient with an extensive comorbidities precluding general anesthesia nor supine positioning. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient is a 60-year-old female with multiple severe cardiopulmonary comorbidities presenting with dry gangrene of the right great toe. Her comorbidities and inability to tolerate supine positioning precluded her from receiving open surgery, general anesthesia or monitored sedation, or percutaneous femoral access. Rather, the patient underwent ankle block and retrograde endovascular revascularization via dorsalis pedis artery access without post-operative complications. DISCUSSION: The prevalence of comorbidities related to peripheral artery disease is increasing and with it the number of patients who are not optimal candidates for conventional treatment methods for critical limb ischemia. The retrograde pedal access revascularization as initial treatment modality offers these patients an alternative limb salvaging treatment option.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Doença Arterial Periférica , Anestesia Local , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/cirurgia , Salvamento de Membro , Extremidade Inferior , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Artérias da Tíbia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
9.
Eur Radiol ; 32(1): 355-367, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34156553

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To construct models for predicting reintervention after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) of Stanford type B aortic dissection (TBAD). METHODS: A total of 192 TBAD patients who underwent TEVAR were included; 68 (35.4%) had indications for reintervention. Clinical characteristics, aorta characteristics on pre- and postoperative computed tomography angiography, and aorta characteristics on immediate postoperative aortic digital subtraction angiography were collected. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression was applied to identify the risk factors for reintervention. Eight classifiers were used for modeling. The models were trained on 100 train-validation random splits with a ratio of 2:1. The performance was evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic curve. RESULTS: Seven predictors of reintervention were identified, including maximum false lumen diameter, aortic diameter measured at the level of approximately 15 mm distal to the left subclavian artery, aortic diameter measured at the level of the diaphragm, false lumen diameter measured at the level of the celiac artery, number of bare-metal and covered stents, number of bare-metal stents, and residual perfusion of the false lumen. Logistic regression (LR) yielded the highest performance, with an area under the curve of 0.802. A nomogram built for clinical use showed good calibration. The cutoff value for dividing patients into low- and high-risk subgroups was 0.413. Kaplan-Meier curves showed that the overall survival of high-risk patients was significantly shorter than that of low-risk patients (both p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our nomogram could predict the reintervention after TEVAR in patients with TBAD, which may facilitate patient selection and surveillance strategies. KEY POINTS: • Seven risk factors of reintervention after TEVAR of TBAD were identified for modeling. • Logistic regression performed best in predicting reintervention with an AUC of 0.802. • Patients with a high risk of reintervention had shorter OS than those with a low risk.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 56(1): 62-69, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34266315

RESUMO

Several treatment options exist for acute intra-abdominal arterial thromboembolic events, including systemic thrombolytics, endovascular therapy, and less commonly surgery. A novel alternative treatment intervention for acute intra-abdominal arterial thrombus is the use of stent retriever (SR) devices, tools traditionally applied for treatment of acute vascular thrombosis in stroke patients. This brief report presents two cases of acute intra-abdominal arterial thrombosis successfully managed by deployment of SRs. Furthermore, it details the history, device mechanism, and design of SRs and describes cases in literature involving effective extracranial SR application.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 56(1): 80-84, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362276

RESUMO

Background: Patent false lumens carry a high risk of aortic events including rupture. False lumen embolization is a useful method to promote thrombosis of false lumen. In the case presented here, direct penetration of the dissected membrane was employed to obtain access to the false lumen, enabling embolization. Case report: The case was a 64-year-old female who developed a Stanford type A acute aortic dissection. Replacement of ascending aorta and aortic arch with frozen elephant trunk technique was performed. After the operation, there was a residual flow through the false lumen in the descending thoracic and abdominal aorta. Twenty months later, the patient complained of sudden back pain, and a CT scan demonstrated another new dissection at the distal edge of the open stent. Additionally, the false lumen that had remained since the onset of the type A aortic dissection enlarged during the observation period. An endovascular procedure was planned to exclude the false lumen. Despite closing all communicating channels between true and false lumen using a vascular plug, coils, and stent grafts, the false lumen continued to expand due to the residual flow at the visceral segment. The origin responsible for the flow was not identified. To perform an embolization of the false lumen, access into the false lumen was obtained by penetration of the dissected flap using a trans-septal needle. Following the successful penetration of the flap, embolization of the false lumen was performed using coils and glue. After the embolization, an angiogram of the false lumen confirmed the significant reduction of leakage into the true lumen. The size of the aorta and false lumen decreased after the embolization. Conclusion: Direct penetration of the dissected membrane of the aorta was a safe and useful measure for regaining access to the false lumen and for the following endovascular intervention.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Abdominal , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 56(1): 102-106, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541969

RESUMO

We report 2 cases of successful thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for acute type B aortic dissection (ABAD) complicated with spinal cord ischemia (SCI). Case 1. A 70-year-old gentleman found with an uncomplicated ABAD with false lumen occluded, developed SCI shortly after admission during the initial medical management. Cerebrospinal fluid drainage (CSFD) was initiated followed by emergent TEVAR. SCI improved, and the patient was discharged. Case 2. A 52-year-old gentleman developed uncomplicated ABAD with patent false lumen. 5 hours after admission, he developed SCI during the initial medical management. Emergent TEVAR was performed followed by CSFD, and the SCI improved before discharge. These cases prompted us to address prompt TEVAR for primary entry closure and true lumen dilatation with postoperative hypertensive management to relieve the dynamic obstruction of the segmental arteries responsible for the compromised spinal cord circulation in complicated ABAD.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Isquemia do Cordão Espinal , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/complicações , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Isquemia do Cordão Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia do Cordão Espinal/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(12): e2139550, 2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34913974

RESUMO

Importance: Endovascular therapy (EVT) has been reported to be safe and effective in improving clinical outcomes among patients with acute basilar artery occlusion (ABAO). The benefits associated with EVT remain uncertain for patients with ABAO with severe symptoms (ie, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale [NIHSS] score ≥ 21). Objectives: To assess the outcomes associated with EVT and identify factors associated with outcomes among patients with ABAO and severe symptoms. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective, nationwide cohort study was conducted using data from January 2014 to May 2019 in China from the Endovascular Treatment for Acute Basilar Artery Occlusion Study Registry (BASILAR). Included patients had ABAO and underwent EVT or standard medical treatment (SMT) alone in routine clinical practice. Patients were dichotomized into severe symptoms (ie, NIHSS score ≥ 21) and minor to moderate symptoms (NIHSS score < 21) groups. Patients were followed up for 90 days. Data were analyzed from December 2020 through June 2021. Exposures: EVT with SMT vs SMT alone. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was improvement in modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at 90 days, defined as a decrease by 1 grade in mRS score. Secondary outcomes included favorable functional outcome (ie, mRS score, 0-3) and mortality. Results: Among 542 patients with ABAO and severe symptoms (median [IQR] age, 65 [57-74] years; 147 [27.1%] women), 431 patients (79.5%) received EVT and 111 patients (20.5%) received SMT. Compared with SMT, EVT was associated with increased odds of improved mRS score (adjusted common odds ratio [OR], 3.44 [95% CI, 2.05-5.78]; P < .001), with increased odds of a favorable functional outcome (ie, mRS score, 0-3; adjusted OR, 4.52 [95% CI, 1.64-12.43]; P = .004) and decreased odds of mortality (adjusted OR, 0.27 [95% CI, 0.15-0.50]; P < .001). Among patients receiving EVT, baseline NIHSS score was associated with decreased odds of a favorable functional outcome (adjusted OR per 1-point increase in score, 0.90 [95% CI, 0.85-0.95]; P < .001) and increased odds of mortality (adjusted OR per 1-point increase in score, 1.13 [95% CI, 1.07-1.19]; P < .001), while posterior circulation Acute Stroke Prognosis Early Computed Tomography Score (pc-ASPECTS) was associated with increased odds of a favorable functional outcome (adjusted OR per 1-point increase in score, 1.71 [95% CI, 1.41-2.07]; P < .001) and decreased odds of mortality (adjusted OR per 1-point increase in score, 0.74 [95% CI, 0.64-0.85]; P < .001). Different occlusion sites, compared with distal basilar artery, were associated with decreased odds of favorable functional outcome (eg, middle basilar artery: adjusted OR vs distal basilar artery, 0.36 [95% CI, 0.17-0.80]; P = .01). Conclusions and Relevance: This study found that EVT was associated with increased odds of functional favorable outcomes among patients with ABAO and severe symptoms. Baseline NIHSS score, pc-ASPECTS, and occlusion site were independent factors associated with clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Artéria Basilar/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Gravidade do Paciente , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951756

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dissecting aneurysms of extracranial cervical arteries are a rare vascular pathology. To date, there is no consensus on the choice of optimal surgical approach for these aneurysms. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of endovascular treatment of various extracranial dissecting aneurysms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 19 patients with 21 extracranial dissecting aneurysms for the period from January 1, 2013 to October 19, 2020. Clinical examination, ultrasound and neuroimaging data were considered to determine surgical intervention. RESULTS: Nineteen patients underwent 20 intravascular interventions: aneurysm embolization with detachable coils with stent-assistance (n=9), flow-diverting stent implantation (n=5), arterial reconstruction with a stent for carotid stenting (n=3), aneurysm embolization with balloon assistance (n=1), aneurysm embolization with detachable coils without assistance (n=2). There were no complications. All patients were discharged without neurological impairment after 1-5 days. Long-term results of control angiography were analyzed within 1-19 months in 12 patients. All aneurysms were completely occluded. Asymptomatic occlusion of flow-diverting stent together with aneurysm occurred in 1 patient with low compliance to antiplatelet therapy. Other 6 patients are scheduled for elective angiography. CONCLUSION: Extracranial dissecting aneurysms of cervical arteries require vigilance due to their rare occurrence and risk of severe complications. In our opinion, intravascular interventions are advisable for these patients as effective and safe procedures.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Embolização Terapêutica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Artéria Carótida Interna , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/terapia , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Colomb Med (Cali) ; 52(2): e4164800, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34908624

RESUMO

Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is commonly used as an adjunct to resuscitation and bridge to definitive control of non-compressible torso hemorrhage in patients with hemorrhagic shock. It has also been performed for patients with neurogenic shock to support the central aortic pressure necessary for cerebral, coronary and spinal cord perfusion. Although volume replacement and vasopressors are the cornerstones of the management of neurogenic shock, we believe that a REBOA can be used as an adjunct in carefully selected cases to prevent prolonged hypotension and the risk of further anoxic spinal cord injury. This manuscript aims to propose a new damage control algorithmic approach to refractory neurogenic shock that includes the use of a REBOA in Zone 3. There are still unanswered questions on spinal cord perfusion and functional outcomes using a REBOA in Zone 3 in trauma patients with refractory neurogenic shock. However, we believe that its use in these case scenarios can be beneficial to the overall outcome of these patients.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Choque Hemorrágico , Algoritmos , Humanos , Ressuscitação , Choque Hemorrágico/terapia
16.
Semin Vasc Surg ; 34(4): 205-214, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34911626

RESUMO

Endovascular repair of thoracoabdominal aneurysms using fenestrated and/or branched stent grafts is technically feasible and efficacious but carries a steep learning curve. This innovative surgical approach is associated with less perioperative morbidity than traditional open repair and its early and mid-term outcomes are very favorable. Spinal cord ischemia remains a devastating complication after these procedures, hence the importance of various neuroprotective strategies. Widespread applicability remains limited in the United States, as no custom-made or off-the-shelf endografts are commercially available. Access to these devices remains limited to physician-sponsored or industry-sponsored clinical trials, but results from the Cook p-Branch and Gore Thoracoabdominal Branch Endoprosthesis trials are on the horizon.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
17.
Semin Vasc Surg ; 34(4): 215-224, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34911627

RESUMO

Symptomatic or ruptured thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA) carry a high morbidity and mortality. Modern fenestrated and/or branched endovascular devices (B/FEVAR) have improved the immediate peri-operative mortality of TAAA and have increased the number of people that can undergo repair - in those who might otherwise be prohibitively high risk for surgery. Most modern B/FEVAR are custom made devices that require 6-12 weeks to assemble and ship to the site of implantation. Thus, patients who require more urgent repair due to symptomatic or ruptured aneurysms may not have access to this potentially life saving technology. Physician-modified endografts (PMEGs), or traditional endografts that have been back-table modified to have fenestrations or branches, have partially fixed this problem as they can be constructed in less than an hour and can provide similar results to modern custom made devices. Here we review the existing data behind the use of PMEGs in urgent and emergent aortic pathology and summarize a case describing one methodology for PMEG construction that has been standardized at our institution.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Médicos , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Semin Vasc Surg ; 34(4): 233-240, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34911629

RESUMO

Minimally invasive techniques have been at the forefront of surgical progress, and the evolution of endovascular robotic technologies has seen a paradigm shift in the focus of future innovation. Endovascular robotic technology may help overcome many of the challenges associated with traditional endovascular techniques by enabling greater control, stability, and precision of target navigation and treatment, while simultaneously reducing operator learning curves and improving safety. Several robotic systems have been developed to perform a broad range of endovascular procedures, but none have been used at scale or widely in routine practice, and the evidence for their safety, effectiveness, and efficiency remains limited. High cost and device complexity, lack of haptic feedback, and limited integration and interoperability with existing equipment and devices are the principal technology, cost, and sustainability barriers to the scalability and widespread adoption in day-to-day practice. In order to fully realize its potential, future robotic innovation must ensure compatibility with a range of off-the-shelf equipment that can be tracked and exchanged quickly during a procedure and come together with developments in navigation, tracking, and imaging. Reducing cost and complexity and supporting sustainability of the technology is key. In parallel, new technologies must be evaluated by clear and transparent standardized outcomes and be accompanied by robust clinical training. Key to the successful future development and dissemination of robotic technology is open collaboration among industry, clinicians, and patients in order to fully understand and address current challenges and enable the technology to realize its full potential.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Robótica , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos
19.
Semin Vasc Surg ; 34(4): 241-246, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34911630

RESUMO

Fiber Optic RealShape technology is a new endovascular guidance system that aims to simplify endovascular procedures by improving wire, catheter, and device visualization, while reducing reliance on ionizing radiation. Developed by Philips, the system uses light refracted through optical fibers to generate real-time renderings of wires and catheters in three-dimensional space. Currently, devices with embedded Fiber Optic RealShape technology are being studied in human patients undergoing endovascular procedures. Early findings demonstrate the technology to be safe and effective in offsetting procedural complexity. Research and development to improve rendering accuracy and expand the selection of available Fiber Optic RealShape-enabled endovascular devices continues.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Tecnologia de Fibra Óptica , Cateteres , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Fibras Ópticas , Tecnologia
20.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951755

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, significant attention has been paid to preventive vascular neurosurgery. Treatment of unruptured asymptomatic brain aneurysms is one of the sections of this surgery. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate treatment outcomes in patients with unruptured asymptomatic brain aneurysms who underwent treatment chosen on the basis of criteria adopted at the Burdenko Neurosurgery Center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 2814 unruptured asymptomatic brain aneurysms in 2334 patients for the period from 1995 to 2019. RESULTS: Microsurgical operations for unruptured asymptomatic brain aneurysms were performed in 64.9% of cases, endovascular procedures - in 35.1% of patients. Endovascular operations were usually performed for ICA aneurysms and posterior aneurysms of circle of Willis. Microsurgical operations were mainly performed in patients with aneurysms of anterior and middle cerebral arteries. Favorable outcomes (GOS grade V-IV) were obtained in most patients (98.3%). Incidence of severe complications was similar in both groups, mortality rate was 0.3% and 0.4%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Currently, there is a tendency towards annual increase in the number of surgeries for unruptured brain aneurysms. Anatomical and morphological characteristics of aneurysm should be considered to achieve favorable clinical results. At the same time, comprehensive analysis of each case and identification of individual risk factors will eliminate serious complications of surgical treatment.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Microcirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
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