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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253497, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355892

RESUMO

Abstract This research aimed to estimate the length-weight ratio (LWR) of the stingray Potamotrygon wallacei, known locally as the cururu, which was caught in streams and lakes in the middle Negro River region, Amazonas, Brazil. The stingrays were captured during the night (from 11 pm to 1 am) near the shores of streams and lakes, through active search using wooden canoes, head lanterns and scoop nets. The samplings were carried out in November 2017 (5 days), February (8 days), March (3 days) and April (2 days) of 2018, totaling 18 days of sampling. The total fresh weight was measured to 0.1 g of accuracy and the disc width to 0.1 cm accuracy. The parameters a and b of the equation W=a.DWb were estimated. This study provides new maximum length data for the cururu stingray.


Resumo Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo estimar a relação peso-comprimento (LWR) da arraia Potamotrygon wallacei, conhecida localmente como cururu, que foi capturada em igarapés e lagos na região do médio Rio Negro, Amazonas, Brasil. As arraias foram capturadas durante a noite (das 23h-1h) nas margens dos igarapés e lagos, por meio de busca ativa utilizando canoas de madeira, lanternas de cabeça e puçás. As coletas foram realizadas nos meses de novembro de 2017 (5 dias), fevereiro (8 dias), março (3 dias) e abril (2 dias) de 2018, totalizando 18 dias de amostragem. Foram medidos o peso fresco total com precisão de 0,01 g e a largura do disco com precisão de 0,1 cm. Os parâmetros a e b da equação W= a.DWb foram estimados. Este estudo prover novos dados de comprimento máximo para a arraia cururu.


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Rajidae , Rosa , Afro-Americanos , Brasil , Rios
2.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 21: 15347354221114337, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35912937

RESUMO

The edible Rosa hybrida (RH) petal is utilized in functional foods and cosmetics. Although the biological function of RH petal extract is known, mechanism of action studies involving tumor-associated angiogenesis have not yet been reported. Herein, we investigated the regulatory effect of the ethanol extract of RH petal (EERH) on tumor growth and tumor angiogenesis against bladder cancer. EERH treatment inhibited the bladder carcinoma T24 cell and 5637 cell proliferation because of G1-phase cell cycle arrest by inducing p21WAF1 expression and reducing cyclins/CDKs level. EERH regulated signaling pathways differently in both cells. EERH-stimulated suppression of T24 and 5637 cell migration and invasion was associated with the decline in transcription factor-mediated MMP-9 expression. EERH oral administration to xenograft mice reduced tumor growth. Furthermore, no obvious toxicity was observed in acute toxicity test. Decreased CD31 levels in EERH-treated tumor tissues led to examine the angiogenic response. EERH alleviated VEGF-stimulated tube formation and proliferation by downregulating the VEGFR2/eNOS/AKT/ERK1/2 cascade in HUVECs. EERH impeded migration and invasion of VEGF-induced HUVECs, which is attributed to the repressed MMP-2 expression. Suppression of neo-microvessel sprouting, induced by VEGF, was verified by treatment with EERH using the ex vivo aortic ring assay. Finally, kaempferol was identified as the main active compound of EERH. The present study demonstrated that EERH may aid the development of antitumor agents against bladder cancer.


Assuntos
Rosa , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Inibidores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Animais , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Rosa/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(13)2022 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35806340

RESUMO

Pseudo-response regulators (PRRs) are the important genes for flowering in roses. In this work, clock PRRs were genome-wide identified using Arabidopsis protein sequences as queries, and their evolutionary analyses were deliberated intensively in Rosaceae in correspondence with angiosperms species. To draw a comparative network and flow of clock PRRs in roses, a co-expression network of flowering pathway genes was drawn using a string database, and their functional analysis was studied by silencing using VIGS and protein-to-protein interaction. We revealed that the clock PRRs were significantly expanded in Rosaceae and were divided into three major clades, i.e., PRR5/9 (clade 1), PRR3/7 (clade 2), and TOC1/PRR1 (clade 3), based on their phylogeny. Within the clades, five clock PRRs were identified in Rosa chinensis. Clock PRRs had conserved RR domain and shared similar features, suggesting the duplication occurred during evolution. Divergence analysis indicated the role of duplication events in the expansion of clock PRRs. The diverse cis elements and interaction of clock PRRs with miRNAs suggested their role in plant development. Co-expression network analysis showed that the clock PRRs from Rosa chinensis had a strong association with flowering controlling genes. Further silencing of RcPRR1b and RcPRR5 in Rosa chinensis using VIGS led to earlier flowering, confirming them as negative flowering regulators. The protein-to-protein interactions between RcPRR1a/RcPRR5 and RcCO suggested that RcPRR1a/RcPRR5 may suppress flowering by interfering with the binding of RcCO to the promoter of RcFT. Collectively, these results provided an understanding of the evolutionary profiles as well as the functional role of clock PRRs in controlling flowering in roses.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Rosa , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Flores/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Rosa/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
4.
BMC Plant Biol ; 22(1): 373, 2022 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35896978

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Today, salinity stress is one of the most important abiotic stresses in the world, because it causes damage to many agricultural products and reduces their yields. Oxidative stress causes tissue damages in plants, which occurs with the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) when plants are exposed to environmental stresses such as salinity. Today, it is recommended to use compounds that increase the resistance of plants to environmental stresses and improve plant metabolic activities. Salicylic acid (SA), as an intracellular and extracellular regulator of the plant response, is known as one of these effective compounds. Damask rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) is a medicinal plant from the Rosaceae, and its essential oils and aromatic compounds are used widely in the cosmetic and food industries in the world. Therefore, considering the importance of this plant from both medicinal and ornamental aspects, for the first time, we investigated one of the native cultivars of Iran (Kashan). Since one of the most important problems in Damask rose cultivation is the occurrence of salinity stress, for the first time, we investigated the interaction of several levels of NaCl salinity (0, 4, 8, and 12 ds m- 1) with SA (0, 0.5, 1, and 2 mM) as a stress reducer. RESULTS: Since salinity stress reduces plant growth and yield, in this experiment, the results showed that the increase in NaCl concentration caused a gradual decrease in photosynthetic and morphological parameters and an increase in ion leakage. Also, increasing the level of salinity stress up to 12 ds m- 1 affected the amount of chlorophyll, root length and leaf total area, all of which reduced significantly compared to plants under no stress. However, many studies have highlighted the application of compounds that reduce the negative effects of stress and increase plant resistance and tolerance against stresses. In this study, the application of SA even at low concentration (0.5 mM) could neutralize the negative effects of salinity stress in the Rosa damascena. In this regard, the results showed that salinity increases the activity of antioxidant enzymes catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the concentration of proline, protein and glycine betaine (GB). Overexpression of antioxidant genes (Ascorbate Peroxidase (APX), CAT, Peroxidase (POD), Fe-SOD and Cu-SOD) showed an important role in salt tolerance in Damascus rose. In addition, 0.5 mm SA increased the activity of enzymatic and non-enzymatic systems and increased salinity tolerance. CONCLUSIONS: The change in weather conditions due to global warming and increased dryness contributes to the salinization of the earth's surface soils. Therefore, it is of particular importance to measure the threshold of tolerance of roses to salinity stress and the effect of stress-reducing substances in plants. In this context, SA has various roles such as increasing the content of pigments, preventing ethylene biosynthesis, increasing growth, and activating genes involved in stress, which modifies the negative effects of salinity stress. Also, according to the results of this research, even in the concentration of low values, positive results can be obtained from SA, so it can be recommended as a relatively cheap and available material to improve production in saline lands.


Assuntos
Rosa , Ácido Salicílico , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Rosa/metabolismo , Ácido Salicílico/farmacologia , Salinidade , Estresse Salino , Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
5.
Molecules ; 27(15)2022 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35897912

RESUMO

Rosa canina pseudo-fruits contain interesting bioactive compounds. This work aims to evaluate the use of different biopolymers as encapsulating agents on the content of organic acids, minerals, fibers, phenols, carotenoids, and the antioxidant activity of the powdered product. Fruits were ground and freeze-dried with or without biopolymers (maltodextrin, resistant maltodextrin, cyclodextrin, and pea protein). Rosehip formulated purees with encapsulating agents are an interesting food ingredient rich in fiber and minerals that could be used in the food industry in order to obtain different functional foods. Results obtained in this study show that all formulated samples are a good source of potassium, calcium, magnesium, and manganese. Both rosehip without biopolymers and rosehip with pea protein formulations are also a good source of Zn. Formulation with pea protein can be claimed as a good source of Fe. All formulations are food ingredients with a very high content of ascorbic acid. Comparing the encapsulating agents, depending on the studied bioactive compound samples behaved differently. In conclusion, it can be indicated that pea protein is recommended as an encapsulating agent since the rosehip with pea protein sample has the highest content of fiber, minerals, organic acids, and carotenoids among the encapsulating agents studied.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ervilha , Rosa , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Carotenoides , Frutas , Pós
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(14)2022 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35887360

RESUMO

Floral scents possess high ornamental and economic values to rose production in the floricultural industry. In the past two decades, molecular bases of floral scent production have been studied in the rose as well as their genetic inheritance. Some significant achievements have been acquired, such as the comprehensive rose genome and the finding of a novel geraniol synthase in plants. In this review, we summarize the composition of floral scents in modern roses, focusing on the recent advances in the molecular mechanisms of floral scent production and emission, as well as the latest developments in molecular breeding and metabolic engineering of rose scents. It could provide useful information for both studying and improving the floral scent production in the rose.


Assuntos
Odorantes , Rosa , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Flores/metabolismo , Feromônios/metabolismo , Rosa/genética , Rosa/metabolismo
7.
Molecules ; 27(14)2022 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35889252

RESUMO

Rosa setate x Rosa rugosa is widely used in the essential oil industry and generates large amounts of waste annually. The purpose of this research is the recycling of bioactive flavonoids from rose waste biomass to develop high-value products. Resin screening and adsorption/desorption dynamic analysis showed that HP20 resin was suitable to purify the flavonoids from R. setate x R. rugosa waste extracts. Under the optimal enrichment process, the product had a 10.7-fold higher purity of flavonoids with a satisfactory recovery of 82.02%. In total, 14 flavonoids were identified in the sample after purification by UHPLC-QTOF-MS. Moreover, the DPPH and ABTS assays revealed that the flavonoids-purified extracts exhibited higher antioxidant activities than the crude extracts. Meanwhile, the purified extracts presented stronger antiproliferative activity against HepG2, Caco-2, MCF-7 and A549 cell lines. The bacteriostatic effects of the purified extracts against four bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), Escherichia coli (E. coli), Staphylococcus epidermidis (S. epidermidis), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa)) and yeast (Candida albicans (C. albicans)) were stronger compared with the crude extracts. It was concluded that flavonoids-enriched extracts from R. setate x R. rugosa waste had the potential to be applied in functional food and pharmaceutical industries.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Rosa , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Células CACO-2 , Escherichia coli , Flavonoides , Humanos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Rosa/química , Staphylococcus aureus
8.
Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) ; 23(2): 148-153, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35838454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ROSA robot (Medtech) has been shown to be a useful instrument in the surgeon's armamentarium for accurate placement of stereotactic electroencephlography depth electrodes. However, it has not yet been used as a navigation tool for lesion resection. Here, we demonstrate a novel adapter that allows the surgeon to use the ROSA robot with the NICO BrainPath for the resection of deep lesions. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the utility of an adapter that allows the ROSA robot to be used in conjunction with the NICO BrainPath tube for lesion resection. METHODS: A stainless steel adapter was made based on the specifications of the ROSA pointer instrument. Two 3D printed models were used to undergo a "mock" surgery using the adapter to assess for ease of use and applicability. RESULTS: The adapter allowed for adequate accessibility and visualization of the tumors in both mock cases. In addition, the stability of the ROSA robot and the design of the adapter allowed the surgeon to rest their hands on the instrument without jeopardizing its position. CONCLUSION: The ROSA adapter allowed for accurate navigation and exposure of these lesions, combining the accuracy and stability of the ROSA robot, with the retraction of the BrainPath tube.


Assuntos
Robótica , Rosa , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Software , Técnicas Estereotáxicas
9.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 7134161, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35813428

RESUMO

In order to study the problem that grapes are vulnerable to microbial infection and decay during storage, a method based on antagonistic Burkholderia contaminans against postharvest Botrytis cinerea of Rosa vinifera was proposed in this paper. The method tested the resistance induction mechanism of Botrytis cinerea after harvest and determined the fruit decay rate treated by antagonistic Burkholderia contaminans. The results showed that the antagonistic bacterium B-1 had bacteriostatic effect on many common pathogens of fruits and vegetables to a certain extent, and the bacteriostatic range was wide. Among them, the inhibition rate of Fusarium moniliforme was 75.5% and that of Botrytis cinerea was 51.2%. After testing, it can be found that antagonistic bacteria have an inhibitory effect on pathogenic fungi and have an effect on phenylpropane metabolic pathway, reactive oxygen species metabolic pathway, and the activities of other resistance-related enzymes. Through comparison, it can be found that the antagonistic Burkholderia contaminans has a strong antibacterial mechanism against Botrytis cinerea of rose grape after harvest. The fruit treated with antagonistic B Burkholderia B-1 has significantly reduced the decay rate and increased the activity of antibacterial active protein.


Assuntos
Burkholderia , Rosa , Vitis , Antibacterianos , Botrytis , Humanos , Vitis/metabolismo , Vitis/microbiologia
10.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(7)2022 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35885960

RESUMO

Terpenoids are economically and ecologically important compounds, and they are vital constituents in rose flower fragrance and rose essential oil. The terpene synthase genes (TPSs), trans-prenyltransferases genes (TPTs), NUDX1 are involved in middle and downstream pathway of volatile terpene biosynthesis in rose flowers. We identified 7 complete RcTPTs, 49 complete RcTPSs, and 9 RcNUDX1 genes in the genome of Rosachinensis. During the flower opening process of butterfly rose (Rosachinensis 'Mutabilis', MU), nine RcTPSs expressed in the petals of opening MU flowers exhibited two main expression trends, namely high and low, in old and fresh petals. Five short-chain petal-expressed RcTPTs showed expression patterns corresponding to RcTPSs. Analysis of differential volatile terpenes and differential expressed genes indicated that higher emission of geraniol from old MU petals might be related to the RcGPPS expression. Comprehensive analysis of volatile emission, sequence structure, micro-synteny and gene expression suggested that RcTPS18 may encode (E,E)-α-farnesene synthase. These findings may be useful for elucidating the molecular mechanism of terpenoid metabolism in rose and are vital for future studies on terpene regulation.


Assuntos
Óleos Voláteis , Rosa , Flores/metabolismo , Odorantes , Óleos Voláteis/metabolismo , Rosa/genética , Terpenos/metabolismo
11.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 526, 2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35655178

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most ergonomics studies on office workstations evaluate the effects of an intervention only by subjective measures such as musculoskeletal pain and discomfort. Limited evidence has been provided regarding risk factor reduction in office environments through standardized methods assessments. The Rapid Office Strain Assessment (ROSA) tool can provide an estimation of risk factor exposure for office workers as a means by which the outcome of interventions can be quantified. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate if ROSA scores reflect changes in risk factors after an ergonomics intervention among office workers. METHODS: Office workers (n = 60) were divided into two groups. The experimental group received a workstation intervention and the control group received no intervention. Changes in ROSA scores were compared before and after the intervention in both groups. RESULTS: Statistically significant reductions in the ROSA final and section scores occurred after the intervention in the experimental group with (mean reduction of 2.9, 0.8 and 1.6 points for sections A, B and C, respectively). In contrast, no differences were detected in the control group (mean increase of 0.1 point for sections A and C and mean reduction of 0.1 point for Section B). CONCLUSIONS: These findings show that ROSA scores reflect changes in risk factors after an ergonomics intervention in an office environment. Consequently, this tool can be used for identifying and controlling risk factors among computer workers, before and after interventions.


Assuntos
Dor Musculoesquelética , Doenças Profissionais , Rosa , Computadores , Ergonomia/métodos , Humanos , Dor Musculoesquelética/diagnóstico , Dor Musculoesquelética/etiologia , Dor Musculoesquelética/prevenção & controle , Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle
12.
Molecules ; 27(11)2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35684527

RESUMO

Rosa roxburghii Tratt, a Rosaceae plant endemic to China, produces fruit with high nutritional and medicinal value. The effects of R. roxburghii must on the growth, nutrient composition, and antioxidant activity of Pleurotus ostreatus mycelia was investigated. We measured the mycelial growth rate, proximate composition, amino acid and crude polysaccharide content, and the antioxidant activity of the crude polysaccharides of P. ostreatus mycelia cultivated under different concentrations of R. roxburghii must (2%, 4%, and 8%, v/v). Low concentrations of R. roxburghii must (2% and 4%) promoted mycelial growth, while a high concentration (8%) inhibited mycelial growth. Low concentrations of R. roxburghii must had no significant effects on the soluble substances, fat, ash, and crude fiber in P. ostreatus mycelia, but significantly increased the crude protein and total amino acid contents (p < 0.05). The addition of R. roxburghii must at low concentrations significantly increased the crude polysaccharide content in mycelia (p < 0.05) but had no impact on the scavenging of hydroxyl radicals and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). Therefore, R. roxburghii must at low concentration can be used as a substrate for P. ostreatus cultivation to increase the protein and polysaccharide contents in mycelia.


Assuntos
Pleurotus , Rosa , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/química , Carboidratos da Dieta/metabolismo , Nutrientes , Polissacarídeos/química , Rosa/química
13.
Molecules ; 27(12)2022 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35745086

RESUMO

Rosa x damascena Mill. essential oil is mainly used in the cosmetics and perfumery industry, but it also finds application in the food industry as a flavoring agent. The chemical composition of essential oils is affected by environment, soil, harvesting technique, storage condition, and extraction methods. Nowadays, the study and design of greener, more efficient, and sustainable extractive procedures is the main and strategic focus in the chemical research and development of botanical derivatives, especially as regards fragrances and essential oils. Several technologies are available, and the best method to use depends on the desired chemicals, but conventional extractive processes are often laborious and time-consuming, involve large amounts of solvents, and may cause the partial loss of volatiles, affecting the quality of the final product. In the last decade, microwave irradiation has been successfully applied to classical techniques, often improving the general extractive efficiency and extract quality. In the present paper, as a preliminary analytical screening approach, two microwave-mediated techniques, Solvent-Free Microwave Extraction (SFME) and Microwave Hydrodiffusion and Gravity (MHG), and two conventional procedures, Hydrodistillation (HD) and Steam Distillation (SD), were applied and compared for the extraction of volatile compounds from R. x damascena fresh petals to highlight differences and advantages of the selected procedure and of the obtained extracts useful in a cosmetic context as fragrances or active ingredients. The chemical composition of the extracts was investigated by GC-MS and GC-FID. Sixty-one components, distributed in the four techniques, were identified. SD and HD are dominated by oxygenated terpenes (59.01% and 50.06%, respectively), while MHG and SFME extracts are dominated by alcohols (61.67% and 46.81%, respectively). A relevant variability in the composition of the extracts relating to the extraction techniques used was observed. To point out the correlation between the process and composition of the obtained natural products, principal component analysis (PCA) of the data extracted from GC-FID was used. Taking into account a cosmetic application, SFME shows several advantages when compared with the other procedures. The extract (obtained in a significantly higher amount) contains a meaningful lower level of potential fragrance allergenic compounds and quite a double amount of benzyl alcohol and 2-phenyl ethanol that can also enhance the preservative action in personal care products.


Assuntos
Cosméticos , Óleos Voláteis , Rosa , Micro-Ondas , Óleos Voláteis/química , Extratos Vegetais/química
14.
Food Chem ; 393: 133342, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35661468

RESUMO

To monitor the freshness of Penaeus vannamei during storage, a colorimetric film based on sodium alginate/sodium carboxymethyl cellulose incorporated with rose anthocyanins extract (RAE) was prepared. The results showed that the incorporation of RAE increased moisture content, water vapor permeability, and water contact angle of the colorimetric film. FTIR, XRD spectra, and SEM demonstrated that RAE had good compatibility with the film-forming substrate. The colorimetric film presented obvious color variation in the pH range of 2.0-12.0 and was sensitive to volatile ammonia. The colorimetric film exhibited a visual color change from pink to pale yellow to yellowish green during the storage of Penaeus vannamei at 4 °C. Significant correlations were observed between the color change of colorimetric film (ΔE) and the pH value or TVB-N content of Penaeus vannamei (p < 0.05). Therefore, the colorimetric film shows great application potential to monitor the freshness of shrimp as intelligent packaging.


Assuntos
Antocianinas , Rosa , Alginatos , Antocianinas/química , Carboximetilcelulose Sódica , Colorimetria , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Sódio
15.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 185: 368-377, 2022 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35753285

RESUMO

Scented rose (Rosa hybrida) varieties are valued as ornamentals, but they also contain volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that produce pleasant aromas. In plants, aromas are produced via metabolism during growth, and each aroma compound has a unique function. In this study, the floral aroma compounds of diverse scented rose varieties were analyzed and classified. The VOCs of different rose varieties were qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed via headspace solid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. The test materials were the mature flowers of 55 scented rose varieties that were cultivated under identical conditions. Seventeen important aroma compounds were selected and an analytical hierarchy process (AHP)-based method was developed to identify the most suitable essential oil resources, aromatherapy resources, and healthcare resources. A floral fragrance evaluation model was established for the comprehensive evaluation of the scented rose varieties. The 55 varieties were classified into three grades according to their suitability for each use. 'Soeur Emmanuelle', 'Wollerton Old Hall', 'Accademia', and 'Tianmidemeng' were revealed to be suitable essential oil, aromatherapy, and healthcare resources. On the basis of their aroma compound types, the fifty-five rose varieties were divided into eight groups. The results of this study provide the theoretical basis for the classification of rose flower aromas as well as the rational use of diverse rose varieties to further develop the rose industry.


Assuntos
Óleos Voláteis , Rosa , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Processo de Hierarquia Analítica , Flores , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Odorantes/análise , Rosa/química , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
16.
17.
Phytother Res ; 36(8): 3016-3031, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35653142

RESUMO

The aim of this systematic review was to identify animal preclinical studies and randomized controlled trials that looked at the effects of R. damascena in any form on different mental diseases. Up to September 2021, the online databases of PubMed, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane trials, as well as SID and MagIran, were searched. This study included 10 animal studies. Except for one research, the rest of the studies confirmed the positive effects of the plant in treatment of mental disorders. A total of 38 studies met the criteria for inclusion. Individuals who have encountered various sorts of mental problems, such as anxiety, sleep disturbance, and depressive disorder, were studied. R. damascena essential oil (EO), essence, extract, and dried plant were used in aromatherapy and oral administration. A decrease in sympathetic nervous system activity, induction of neurotransmitters, induction of nerve growth factors by neurogenesis and synaptogenesis mechanisms, a decrease in prolactin and an increase in noradrenaline, estradiol, and progesterone secretion are some of the mechanisms of action. In general, R. damascena is an effective herb for the treatment of mental disorders. However, further research timing and duration of intervention are needed to extrapolate the findings.


Assuntos
Aromaterapia , Transtornos Mentais , Óleos Voláteis , Rosa , Animais , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/tratamento farmacológico , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Óleos Voláteis/uso terapêutico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico
19.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(6)2022 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35741743

RESUMO

Roses have high economic values as garden plants and for cut-flower and cosmetics industries. The growth and development of rose plants is affected by exposure to high temperature. Histone acetylation plays an important role in plant development and responses to various stresses. It is a dynamic and reversible process mediated by histone deacetylases (HDAC) and histone acetyltransferases (HAT). However, information on HDAC and HAT genes of roses is scarce. Here, 23 HDAC genes and 10 HAT genes were identified in the Rosa chinensis 'Old Blush' genome. Their gene structures, conserved motifs, physicochemical properties, phylogeny, and synteny were assessed. Analyses of the expression of HDAC and HAT genes using available RNAseq data showed that these genes exhibit different expression patterns in different organs of the three analyzed rose cultivars. After heat stress, while the expression of most HDAC genes tend to be down-regulated, that of HAT genes was up-regulated when rose plants were grown at high-temperature conditions. These data suggest that rose likely respond to high-temperature exposure via modification in histone acetylation, and, thus, paves the way to more studies in order to elucidate in roses the molecular mechanisms underlying rose plants development and flowering.


Assuntos
Rosa , Acetilação , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Resposta ao Choque Térmico/genética , Histonas/genética , Histonas/metabolismo , Rosa/genética
20.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(6)2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35741765

RESUMO

Powdery mildew disease caused by Podosphaerapannosa is the most widespread disease in global cut-rose production, as well as a major disease in garden and pot roses. In this study, the powdery mildew resistance of different wild rose varieties was evaluated. Rose varieties with high resistance and high sensitivity were used for cytological observation and transcriptome and expression profile analyses to study changes at the morphological and molecular levels during the interaction between Rosa multiflora and P. pannosa. There were significant differences in powdery mildew resistance among three R. multiflora plants; R. multiflora '13' had high resistance, while R. multiflora '4' and '1' had high susceptibility. Cytological observations showed that in susceptible plants, 96 and 144 h after inoculation, hyphae were observed in infected leaves; hyphae infected the leaf tissue through the stoma of the lower epidermis, while papillae were formed on the upper epidermis of susceptible leaf tissue. Gene ontology enrichment analysis showed that the differentially expressed genes that were significantly enriched in biological process functions were related to the secondary metabolic process, the most significantly enriched cellular component function was cell wall, and the most significantly enriched molecular function was chitin binding. Changes in the transcript levels of important defense-related genes were analyzed. The results showed that chitinase may have played an important role in the interactions between resistant R. multiflora and P. pannosa. Jasmonic acid and ethylene (JA/ET) signaling pathways might be triggered in the interaction between susceptible R. multiflora and P. pannosa. In the resistant R. multiflora, the salicylic acid (SA) signaling pathway was induced earlier. Between susceptible plants and resistant plants, key phenylpropanoid pathway genes were induced and upregulated after P. pannosa inoculation, demonstrating that the phenylpropanoid pathway and secondary metabolites may play important and active roles in R. multiflora defense against powdery mildew infection.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos , Rosa , Ascomicetos/metabolismo , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Rosa/genética , Ácido Salicílico/metabolismo
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