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1.
Vet Res ; 53(1): 46, 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35733156

RESUMO

A universal vaccine protecting against multiple serotypes of Streptococcus suis is urgently needed to improve animal welfare and reduce the consumption of antibiotics. In this study, a dual antigen expression cassette consisting of SS2-SaoA and SS9-Eno was delivered by a recombinant Salmonella Choleraesuis vector to form the vaccine candidate rSC0016(pS-SE). SaoA and Eno were simultaneously synthesized in rSC0016(pS-SE) without affecting the colonization of the recombinant vector in the lymphatic system. In addition, the antiserum of mice immunized with rSC0016(pS-SE) produced a broader and potent opsonophagocytic response against multiple serotypes of S. suis. Finally, rSC0016(pS-SE) provided mice with a 100% protection against a lethal dose of parent S. suis serotype 2 and serotype 9, and provided 90% and 80% protection against heterologous S. suis serotype 7 or 1/2. These values were significantly higher than those obtained with rSC0016(pS-SaoA) or rSC0016(pS-Eno). Together, this study serves as a foundation for developing a universal vaccine against multiple serotypes of S. suis.


Assuntos
Vacinas Bacterianas , Proteção Cruzada , Salmonella enterica , Infecções Estreptocócicas , Streptococcus suis , Animais , Vacinas Bacterianas/imunologia , Proteção Cruzada/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos , Salmonella enterica/genética , Salmonella enterica/imunologia , Sorogrupo , Infecções Estreptocócicas/prevenção & controle , Infecções Estreptocócicas/veterinária , Streptococcus suis/genética , Streptococcus suis/imunologia
2.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 864087, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35755834

RESUMO

Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is one of the two classic thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) diseases which could be induced by infections. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patient with acquired TTP induced by infection with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (hereafter, S. Typhimurium) isolate, S. Typhimurium_zhang, which was confirmed by serology and genetic taxonomy. The literature review identified 17 TMA-related genes encoding the candidate triggers, which were searched in the annotated genome sequence of S. Typhimurium_zhang. Anaerobic nitric oxide reductase flavorubredoxin (FlRd), encoded by norV which is related to another TMA, haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS), was found in S. Typhimurium_zhang. Basic local alignment search tool (BLAST) analysis revealed that norV and FlRd in S. Typhimurium_zhang, as well as eight S. Typhimurium type strains, have high identity with HUS-related Escherichia coli O157:H7 strain TW14359. Similar results were obtained from the BLAST analysis of 73 S. enterica isolates for congenital TTP which was also previously reported to be triggered by S. enterica. Phylogenetic analysis and amino acid sequence alignment revealed that FlRd was functional and highly conservative on 69 Enterobacteriaceae, including S. Typimurium_zhang and TW14359. In brief, we found norV in the genome of a S. Typhimurium clinical isolate that induced TTP in an AIDS patient. FlRd, the protein encoded by norV, probably triggered the TTP and was highly conservative, functional, and widespread in S. enterica and Enterobacteriaceae. More in vitro and in vivo studies are required to confirm our findings and determine the underlying mechanism.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Síndrome Hemolítico-Urêmica , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Trombótica , Salmonella enterica , Humanos , Filogenia , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Trombótica/diagnóstico , Salmonella enterica/genética , Salmonella typhimurium/genética , Sorogrupo
3.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 10555, 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35732677

RESUMO

Salmonella Dublin is a cattle-associated serovar sporadically causing disease in humans. S. Dublin strains isolated in Brazil and in other countries were analyzed to determine their phylogenetic relationships, the presence of genes, plasmids, genomic regions related to virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes repertoire, using WGS analyses. Illumina was used to sequence the genome of 112 S. Dublin strains isolated in Brazil from humans (n = 82) and animals (n = 30) between 1983 and 2016. Furthermore, 87 strains from other countries were analyzed. WGSNP analysis revealed three different clades, in which the strains from Brazil belonged to two clades, A and C. Most of the genes and genomic regions searched varied among the strains studied. The siderophore genes iroB and iroC were exclusively found in strains from Brazil and pegD gene, related to fimbrial adherence determinants, were positive in 124 strains from clades A and B but absent in all the strains from clade C (n = 71). Eleven plasmid replicons were found in the strains from Brazil, and nine were exclusively found in strains from other countries. The antimicrobial resistance genes mdsA and mdsB, that encode an efflux pump, were found in all the strains studied. The strains from Brazil carried other resistance genes, such as tet(A) (n = 11), tet(B) (n = 4) and tet(C) (n = 4), blaTEM-1 (n = 4), catA1 (n = 1), aadA1 (n = 1), and sul1 (n = 1). In conclusion, S. Dublin strains isolated in Brazil presented some few unique genes not found in strains from other countries and were allocated into two distinct clades with strains of human and animal origin epidemiologically related. This fact stresses the zoonotic potential of S. Dublin circulating in Brazil for more than 30 years.


Assuntos
Salmonella enterica , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Bovinos , Filogenia , Plasmídeos/genética , Sorogrupo , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
4.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother ; 66(6): e0238321, 2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35652645

RESUMO

Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) due to serogroup Y Neisseria meningitidis (NmY) is rare in China; recently, an invasive NmY isolate, Nm512, was discovered in Shanghai with decreased susceptibility to penicillin (PenNS). Here, we investigated the epidemiology of NmY isolates in Shanghai and explored the potential commensal Neisseria lactamica donor of the PenNS NmY isolate. A total of 491 N. meningitidis and 724 commensal Neisseria spp. isolates were collected. Eleven NmY isolates were discovered from IMD (n = 1) and carriers (n = 10), including two PenNS isolates with five-key-mutation-harboring (F504L-A510V-I515V-H541N-I566V) penA genes. Five of the eight ST-175 complex (CC175) isolates had a genotype [Y:P1.5-1,2-2:F5-8:ST-175(CC175)] identical to that of the predominant invasive clone found in South Africa. Only one invasive NmY CC23 isolate (Nm512) was discovered; this isolate carried a novel PenNS penA832 allele, which was identified in commensal N. lactamica isolates locally. Recombination analysis and transformation of the penA allele highlighted that N. meningitidis Nm512 may acquire resistance from its commensal donor; this was supported by the similar distribution of transformation-required DNA uptake sequence variants and the highly cognate receptor ComP between N. meningitidis and N. lactamica. In 2,309 NmY CC23 genomes from the PubMLST database, isolates with key-mutation-harboring penA genes comprised 12% and have been increasing since the 1990s, accompanied by recruitment of the blaROB-1 and/or quinolone resistance allele. Moreover, penA22 was predominant among genomes without key mutations in penA. These results strongly suggest that Nm512 is a descendant of the penA22-harboring CC23 isolate from Europe and acquired its penicillin resistance locally from commensal N. lactamica species by natural transformation.


Assuntos
Infecções Meningocócicas , Neisseria lactamica , Neisseria meningitidis , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Neisseria lactamica/genética , Neisseria meningitidis/genética , Neisseria meningitidis Sorogrupo Y , Resistência às Penicilinas/genética , Sorogrupo
5.
BMJ Open ; 12(6): e058003, 2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35728904

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) is an urgent notifiable disease and its early notification is essential to prevent cases. The objective of the study was to assess the sensitivity of two independent surveillance systems and to estimate the incidence of IMD. DESIGN: We used capture-recapture model based on two independent surveillance systems, the statutory disease reporting (SDR) system and the microbiological reporting system (MRS) of the Public Health Agency of Catalonia, between 2011 and 2015. The capture-recapture analysis and 95% CIs were calculated using the Chapman formula. Multivariate vector generalised linear model was performed for adjusted estimation. MEASURES: The variables collected were age, sex, year of report, size of municipality (<10 000 and ≥10 000), clinical form, death, serogroup, country of birth and type of reporting centre (private and public). RESULTS: The sensitivity of the two combined surveillance systems was 88.5% (85.0-92.0). SDR had greater sensitivity than the MRS (67.9%; 62.7-73.1 vs 64.7%; 59.4-70.0). In 2014-2015, the sensitivity of both systems was higher (80.6%; 73.2-87.9 vs 73.4%; 65.2-81.6) than in 2011-2013 (59.3%; 52.6-66.0 vs 58.3%; 51.6-65.1). In private centres, the sensitivity was higher for SDR than for MRS (100%; 100-100 vs 4.8%; -4.4-13.9). The adjusted estimate of IMD cases was lower than that obtained using the Chapman formula (279; 266-296 vs 313; 295-330). The estimated adjusted incidence of IMD was 0.7/100 000 persons-year. CONCLUSIONS: The sensitivity of enhanced surveillance through the combination of two complementary sources was higher than for the sources individually. Factors associated with under-reporting in different systems should be analysed to improve IMD surveillance.


Assuntos
Infecções Meningocócicas , Neisseria meningitidis , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Infecções Meningocócicas/microbiologia , Parto , Gravidez , Sorogrupo , Espanha/epidemiologia
6.
Physiol Genomics ; 54(7): 261-272, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35648460

RESUMO

Limited reports exist regarding adeno-associated virus (AAV) biodistribution in swine. This study assessed biodistribution following antegrade intracoronary and intravenous delivery of two self-complementary serotype 9 AAV (AAV9sc) biologics designed to target signaling in the cardiomyocyte considered important for the development of heart failure. Under the control of a cardiomyocyte-specific promoter, AAV9sc.shmAKAP and AAV9sc.RBD express a small hairpin RNA for the perinuclear scaffold protein muscle A-kinase anchoring protein ß (mAKAPß) and an anchoring disruptor peptide for p90 ribosomal S6 kinase type 3 (RSK3), respectively. Quantitative PCR was used to assess viral genome (vg) delivery and transcript expression in Ossabaw and Yorkshire swine tissues. Myocardial viral delivery was 2-5 × 105 vg/µg genomic DNA (gDNA) for both infusion techniques at a dose ∼1013 vg/kg body wt, demonstrating delivery of ∼1-3 viral particles per cardiac diploid genome. Myocardial RNA levels for each expressed transgene were generally proportional to dose and genomic delivery, and comparable with levels for moderately expressed endogenous genes. Despite significant AAV9sc delivery to other tissues, including the liver, neither biologic induced toxic effects as assessed using functional, structural, and circulating cardiac and systemic markers. These results indicate successful targeted delivery of cardiomyocyte-selective viral vectors in swine without negative side effects, an important step in establishing efficacy in a preclinical experimental setting.


Assuntos
Dependovirus , Miócitos Cardíacos , Animais , Dependovirus/genética , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Vetores Genéticos , Infusões Intravenosas , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Sorogrupo , Suínos , Distribuição Tecidual
7.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(5): 652-658, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644982

RESUMO

Epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis (meningococcal meningitis) is an acute respiratory infectious disease with high mortality and serious sequelae. Meningococcal vaccine is an effective measure to prevent and control meningococcal meningitis. At present, group B meningococcal meningitis has become the main prevalent serum group in the world, including China. Meningococcal ACYW and other vaccines are mainly composed of capsular polysaccharides, while the main component of group B meningococcal vaccine is protein, including outer membrane vesicles (OMV) and recombinant protein vaccine. The methods for evaluating the immunogenicity of group B meningococcal vaccine include hSBA and alternative methods such as meningococcal antigen typing system (MATS), flow cytometric meningococcal antigen surface expression assay (MEASURE), genetic meningococcal antigen typing system (gMATS) and bexsero antigen sequence type (BAST). The evaluation of vaccine immunogenicity is the basis of vaccine development and clinical trial research, However, at present, there is no group B meningococcal vaccine in China. Therefore, in this paper, the research progress of immunogenicity evaluation of group B meningococcal vaccine has been reviewed, in order to provide technical guidance for the research and development of group B meningococcal vaccine, immunogenicity evaluation and clinical trial research in China.


Assuntos
Meningite Meningocócica , Vacinas Meningocócicas , Neisseria meningitidis , Humanos , Meningite Meningocócica/prevenção & controle , Sorogrupo , Vacinas Combinadas
8.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(5): 668-672, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644984

RESUMO

Two cases of epidemic situation of serogroup B meningitis in infants in Shandong Province in 2021 were investigated. Samples of cases and their close contacts were collected for isolation, culture and identification of Neisseria meningitides (Nm). The isolates were subjected to multi-locus sequence typing, outer membrane protein porA and fetA genotyping and drug sensitivity test. Two laboratory-confirmed outbreaks of serogroup B meningitis were reported from Yantai city and Linyi city. The indicated cases were infants aged 5 months and 2 months old respectively. They were not vaccinated with meningitis vaccine. Their epidemiological characteristics and clinical manifestations were similar and the prognosis was good. The same sequence type (ST) of serogroup B Nm strains as the indicated cases was detected in the samples of close family contacts, but without subsequent cases. Among them, Yantai strain was were identified as the type ST-8920, belonging to CC4821 clonal complex, and the genotypes of porA and fetA were p1.21-2, 23 and F3-1. Linyi strain was a new type, belonging to CC4821 clonal complex and the genotypes of porA and fetA were p1.20, 23 and F1-91. The above strains were resistant to penicillin, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin and Chemitrim, and their sensitivity to cephalosporin decreased. Two cases of infant serogroup B epidemic were relatively rare in China, which were different from the epidemiological and pathogenic characteristics of other Nm serogroups in the past.


Assuntos
Epidemias , Meningite Meningocócica , Neisseria meningitidis , Humanos , Lactente , Meningite Meningocócica/epidemiologia , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Sorogrupo
9.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 151: 113172, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644115

RESUMO

Diabetic vasculopathy is a major health problem worldwide. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD), and in its severe form, critical limb ischemia is a major form of diabetic vasculopathy with limited treatment options. Existing literature suggested an important role of PPARδ in vascular homeostasis. It remains elusive for using PPARδ as a potential therapeutic target due to mostly the side effects of PPARδ agonists. To explore the roles of PPARδ in endothelial homeostasis, endothelial cell (EC) selective Ppard knockout and controlled mice were subjected to hindlimb ischemia (HLI) injury. The muscle ECs were sorted for single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) analysis. HLI was also performed in high fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice to examine the function of PPARδ in obese mice with delayed vascular repair. Adeno-associated virus type 1 (AAV1) carrying ICAM2 promoter to target endothelium for overexpressing PPARδ was injected into the injured muscles of normal chow- and HFD-fed obese mice before HLI surgery was performed. scRNA-seq analysis of ECs in ischemic muscles revealed a pivotal role of PPARδ in endothelial homeostasis. PPARδ expression was diminished both after HLI injury, and also in obese mice, which showed further delayed vascular repair. Endothelium-targeted delivery of PPARδ by AAV1 improved perfusion recovery, increased capillary density, restored endothelial integrity, suppressed vascular inflammation, and promoted muscle regeneration in ischemic hindlimbs of both lean and obese mice. Our study indicated the effectiveness of endothelium-targeted PPARδ overexpression for restoring functional vasculature after ischemic injury, which might be a promising option of gene therapy to treat PAD and CLI.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , PPAR delta , Lesões do Sistema Vascular , Animais , Dependovirus/genética , Dependovirus/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Endotélio , Membro Posterior/metabolismo , Isquemia/complicações , Isquemia/metabolismo , Isquemia/terapia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica , PPAR delta/genética , PPAR delta/metabolismo , Sorogrupo
10.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(23): e2122386119, 2022 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35648835

RESUMO

SignificancePneumococcal infections are major contributors to morbidity and mortality worldwide. Introduction of pneumococcal conjugated vaccines (PCVs) into the childhood vaccination program has led to a decrease in invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in vaccinated children but concurrently to an increase of nonvaccine-type IPD, also in nonvaccinated age groups such as the elderly. Thus, novel vaccine approaches are urgently needed, especially for the elderly, targeting all pneumococci causing IPD. Here, we show that pneumococcal membrane particles (MPs) evoke a serotype-independent cross-protection against IPD. This protection is dependent on the presence of the two conserved lipoproteins MalX and PrsA. We suggest that MPs can be used for pneumococcal vaccine development.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias , Lipoproteínas , Proteínas de Membrana , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras , Infecções Pneumocócicas , Vacinas Pneumocócicas , Administração Intranasal , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/imunologia , Membrana Celular/imunologia , Sequência Conservada , Reações Cruzadas , Humanos , Imunização/métodos , Lipoproteínas/imunologia , Proteínas de Membrana/imunologia , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/imunologia , Camundongos , Infecções Pneumocócicas/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Pneumocócicas/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Pneumocócicas/imunologia , Sorogrupo , Streptococcus pneumoniae/imunologia
11.
Gut Microbes ; 14(1): 2089007, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35734810

RESUMO

Some serovars of Salmonella are not or rare found to cause salmonellosis in human. In our clinic-based surveillance, three rare Salmonella 4,5,12:a:- strains were recovered from three patients with diarrhea. To explore their genetic and epidemiological characteristics and pathogenesis, we conducted whole-genome sequencing, in vitro invasion assays in mammalian cells, and in vivo virulence assays in an animal model. The three isolates had indistinguishable molecular patterns and similar genome sequences, and clustered together with an isolate from edible fish traded among countries. The isolates had biochemical reactions identical with those of Salmonella subspecies enterica but belonged to subspecies salamae according to genome phylogeny, revealing a new serovar, S. enterica subsp. II serovar 4,5,12:a:-. The strains contained multiple virulence genes, elicited temporary bacteremia and enteritidis and caused cell damage in the mouse liver and cecum. This study provides evidence that this new Salmonella salamae serovar can infect humans and cause clusters of cases, and whole-genome sequencing detection and surveillance of Salmonella can help to accurately define Salmonella classification and clonality, improve diagnosis, facilitate outbreak detection and aid in the source tracing of salmonellosis epidemics.


Assuntos
Gastroenterite , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Intoxicação Alimentar por Salmonella , Salmonelose Animal , Infecções por Salmonella , Salmonella enterica , Animais , Humanos , Mamíferos , Camundongos , Filogenia , Intoxicação Alimentar por Salmonella/epidemiologia , Salmonella enterica/genética , Sorogrupo
12.
Molecules ; 27(12)2022 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35745014

RESUMO

Streptococcus suis, a Gram-positive bacterium, is an important swine and human pathogen, with serotype 2 being the most prevalent strain found worldwide. Deafness, meningitis, and death (in severe cases) are observed in S. suis-infected cases. Development of the ligands that can bind to S. suis with high affinity and specificity could be beneficial for the diagnosis and treatment of S. suis infection. Herein, the nuclease-resistant RNA aptamers based on 2'-fluoropyrimidine modification against S. suis serotype 2, strain P1/7, were established using the cell- Systematic Evolution of Ligands by Exponential enrichment (SELEX) technique. One of the aptamers, R8-su12, could bind to the S. suis target strain as well as other S. suis serotypes, i.e., 1, 1/2, 9, and 14, but not to other bacteria tested, i.e., S. pneumoniae ATCC 49619, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853. Moreover, the R8-su12 RNA aptamer was also capable of inhibiting the biofilm formation of the S. suis target strain, making it potentially useful for the study of biofilm formation and the treatment of S. suis infection in humans and pigs in the future.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Infecções Estreptocócicas , Streptococcus suis , Doenças dos Suínos , Animais , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/farmacologia , Biofilmes , Sorogrupo , Infecções Estreptocócicas/microbiologia , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/microbiologia
13.
Front Immunol ; 13: 892990, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35711447

RESUMO

A panoramic analysis of chemokines, pro-inflammatory/regulatory cytokines, and growth factors was performed in serum samples from patients with acute DENV infection (n=317) by a high-throughput microbeads array. Most soluble mediators analyzed were increased in DENV patients regardless of the DENV serotype. The substantial increase (≥10-fold) of CXCL10, IL-6, and IFN-γ, and decreased levels of PDGF (<0.4-fold) was universally identified in all DENV serotypes. Of note, increased levels of CXCL8, CCL4, and IL-12 (≥3-9-fold) were selectively observed in DENV2 as compared to DENV1 and DENV4. Heatmap and biomarker signatures further illustrated the massive release of soluble mediators observed in DENV patients, confirming the marked increase of several soluble mediators in DENV2. Integrative correlation matrices and networks showed that DENV infection exhibited higher connectivity among soluble mediators. Of note, DENV2 displayed a more complex network, with higher connectivity involving a higher number of soluble mediators. The timeline kinetics (Day 0-1, D2, D3, D4-6) analysis additionally demonstrated differences among DENV serotypes. While DENV1 triggers a progressive increase of soluble mediators towards D3 and with a decline at D4-6, DENV2 and DENV4 develop with a progressive increase towards D4-6 with an early plateau observed in DENV4. Overall, our results provided a comprehensive overview of the immune response elicited by DENV infection, revealing that infection with distinct DENV serotypes causes distinct profiles, rhythms, and dynamic network connectivity of soluble mediators. Altogether, these findings may provide novel insights to understand the pathogenesis of acute infection with distinct DENV serotypes.


Assuntos
Vírus da Dengue , Dengue , Anticorpos Antivirais , Humanos , Sorogrupo , Soro
14.
Euro Surveill ; 27(24)2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35713021

RESUMO

In Italy, serogroup C meningococci of the clonal complex cc11 (MenC/cc11) have caused several outbreaks of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) during the past 20 years. Between December 2019 and January 2020, an outbreak of six cases of IMD infected with MenC/cc11 was identified in a limited area in the northern part of Italy. All cases presented a severe clinical picture, and two of them were fatal. This report is focused on the microbiological and molecular analysis of meningococcal isolates with the aim to reconstruct the chain of transmission. It further presents the vaccination strategy adopted to control the outbreak. The phylogenetic evaluation demonstrated the close genetic proximity between the strain involved in this outbreak and a strain responsible for a larger epidemic that had occurred in 2015 and 2016 in the Tuscany Region. The rapid identification and characterisation of IMD cases and an extensive vaccination campaign contributed to the successful control of this outbreak caused by a hyperinvasive meningococcal strain.


Assuntos
Infecções Meningocócicas , Vacinas Meningocócicas , Neisseria meningitidis , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Infecções Meningocócicas/epidemiologia , Infecções Meningocócicas/microbiologia , Infecções Meningocócicas/prevenção & controle , Neisseria meningitidis/genética , Filogenia , Sorogrupo , Vacinação
16.
Poult Sci ; 101(7): 101941, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35679674

RESUMO

Fowl adenovirus serotype 4 (FAdV-4), the predominant causative agent of hepatitis-hydropericardium syndrome (HHS), has caused severe economic losses to poultry industry since 2015. Although fiber2 and hexon have been confirmed to be the virulence-related factors, the roles of nonstructural viral proteins in pathogenicity of FAdV-4 remain poorly understood. Here, a tandem mass spectrometry (MS) was used to identify host factors interacted with 100K protein of hypervirulent FAdV-4 isolate (CH/HNJZ/2015), and 2595 cellular proteins associated with many biological processes and pathways were identified according to Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analyses. Among the proteins, HSC70 was verified to interact with 100K through co-immunoprecipitation assay. Notably, overexpression of HSC70 promoted the replication of FAdV-4 in LMH cells, whereas blocking HSC70 with inhibitor ver-155008 markedly suppressed viral replication. Collectively, these findings suggested that many cellular proteins involved in FAdV-4 infection through interacting with 100K and HSC70 positively regulated virus replication.


Assuntos
Infecções por Adenoviridae , Aviadenovirus , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Adenoviridae/genética , Infecções por Adenoviridae/veterinária , Animais , Aviadenovirus/genética , Galinhas/metabolismo , Sorogrupo , Proteínas Virais/genética , Fatores de Virulência
17.
Vaccine ; 40(28): 3884-3892, 2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644672

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pneumococcal prime-boost vaccination is recommended for solid organ transplant recipients, but is not thoroughly tested in this population. Furthermore, a pneumococcal vaccine dose effect has never been investigated, though observed in healthy adults. To assess whether a double dose of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) and of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) increases the immunogenicity of prime-boost vaccination in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) and patients on the kidney transplant waiting list (WLPs), a phase 3, randomized, non-blinded trial was conducted. METHODS: KTRs and WLPs were in parallel groups assigned either normal or double dosage of both vaccines 12 weeks apart. A 'protective response' was an average geometric mean concentration ≥ 1 mg/L based on 12 vaccine shared serotype-specific IgG antibodies. Furthermore, number of antibodies with ≥ 2-fold rises and individual serotype-specific antibody concentrations were evaluated. Follow-up was 48 weeks. RESULTS: Seventy-four KTRs and 65 WLPs were enrolled. In WLPs, double dosage resulted in a significantly higher proportion of participants with a 'protective response' (66.7%), 5 weeks after PPV23, compared to normal dosage (35.5%), p = 0.015. KTRs exhibited no dose effect. After PPV23, all four groups had increased their number of serotypes with ≥ 2-fold rises (p ≤ 0.05 for both WLPs groups; p ≤ 0.01 for both KTRs groups). Vaccines were safe, well tolerated and still immunogenic at week 48. CONCLUSIONS: Data suggests that double dosage of pneumococcal vaccines used according to the prime-boost strategy might be recommendable for WLPs. Furthermore, our data supports PPV23́s additive effect to PCV13 in KTRs and WLPs. (EudraCT: 2016-004123-23).


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim , Infecções Pneumocócicas , Adulto , Anticorpos Antibacterianos , Humanos , Vacinas Pneumocócicas , Sorogrupo , Vacinas Conjugadas , Listas de Espera
18.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(23): e2118836119, 2022 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35653572

RESUMO

Significance A large Raman dataset collected on a variety of viruses enables the training of machine learning (ML) models capable of highly accurate and sensitive virus identification. The trained ML models can then be integrated with a portable device to provide real-time virus detection and identification capability. We validate this conceptual framework by presenting highly accurate virus type and subtype identification results using a convolutional neural network to classify Raman spectra of viruses. The accurate and interpretable ML model developed for Raman virus identification presents promising potential in a real-time, label-free virus detection system that could be used in future outbreaks and pandemics.


Assuntos
Aprendizado de Máquina , Redes Neurais de Computação , Vírus , Surtos de Doenças , Pandemias , Sorogrupo , Vírus/classificação
19.
Viruses ; 14(6)2022 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35746633

RESUMO

Foot-and-mouth disease is an economically devastating disease of livestock caused by foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV). Vaccination is the most effective control measure in place to limit the spread of the disease; however, the success of vaccination campaigns is hampered by the antigenic diversity of FMDV and the rapid rate at which new strains emerge that escape pre-existing immunity. FMDV has seven distinct serotypes, and within each serotype are multiple strains that often induce little cross-protective immunity. The diversity of FMDV is a consequence of the high error rate of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, accompanied by extensive recombination between genomes during co-infection. Since multiple serotypes and strains co-circulate in regions where FMDV is endemic, co-infection is common, providing the conditions for recombination, and also for other events such as trans-encapsidation in which the genome of one virus is packaged into the capsid of the co-infecting virus. Here, we demonstrate that the co-infection of cells with two FMDVs of different serotypes results in trans-encapsidation of both viral genomes. Crucially, this facilitates the infection of new cells in the presence of neutralizing antibodies that recognize the capsid that is encoded by the packaged genome.


Assuntos
Coinfecção , Vírus da Febre Aftosa , Febre Aftosa , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/genética , Anticorpos Antivirais , Proteínas do Capsídeo/genética , Vírus da Febre Aftosa/genética , Sorogrupo
20.
BMC Microbiol ; 22(1): 151, 2022 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35672661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is a significant emerging infectious disease worldwide. Rodents are considered to be the most critical hosts of Leptospira spp. Fujian Province is a region highly endemic for leptospirosis in China. However, the genetic diversity of leptospires circulating among rodents in Fujian is limited. RESULTS: The carrier status of rodents for Leptospira spp. was investigated by culture and serological detection in Fujian during 2018-2020. A total of 710 rodents, including 11 species, were trapped, with Rattus losea being the dominant trapped species (50.56%). Fourteen pathogenic Leptospira strains were obtained. Seven L. borgpetersenii serogroup Javanica strains belonging to ST143, 4 L. interrogans serogroup Icterohaemorrhagiae strains belonging to ST1 and ST17, 2 L. interrogans serogroup Bataviae strains belonging to ST96 and ST333, and 1 L. interrogans serogroup Pyrogenes strains belonging to ST332 were identified using 16S rDNA gene sequencing, microscopic agglutination test (MAT) and Multilocus sequence typing (MLST). L. borgpetersenii serogroup Javanica belonging to ST143 was the dominant type (50.00%). A total of 387 rodent serum samples were tested by MAT. Serum were considered positive for seroreactivity at a titer ≥ 1:160 against at least one serovar. A total of 90 (23.26%) serum samples tested positive, and four serogroups were identified, with Javanica being the dominant serogroup (87.78%), which was similar to the dominant serogroup isolated from rodents. This study demonstrates a high prevalence of leptospirosis in rodents and public health education among high-risk workers is highly recommended. CONCLUSIONS: R. losea was the dominant trapped rodent, and L. borgpetersenii serogroup Javanica ST143 was widely distributed among rodents in Fujian from 2018 to 2020. Despite the low number of isolates obtained from rodents, this study suggests that continuous epidemiological surveillance of the aetiological characteristics of pathogenic Leptospira in wild animal reservoirs may help reduce the possible risk of disease transmission.


Assuntos
Leptospira , Leptospirose , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Leptospirose/epidemiologia , Leptospirose/veterinária , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Ratos , Roedores , Sorogrupo
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